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Патент USA US2125154

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July 26, 1938.
Filed Nov..1l, 11936
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
July 26, 1938.
Filed Nov. 11, 1936
2 SheetSI-Sheet 2
.19. J51-
/ I
Patented July} 26, 1938
New YorlnN. Y., assignor .
of one-third ‘to’ Hannah Fuller, New York,
IN. Y.
\ ‘
Application November 11, 1936,_Serial'No. 110,251
1 Claim. (01. 15-250)
This invention relates to new and useful im~
Drovements in a windshield heater.
The invention has for an object the construc
tion of a heater capable of heating a windshield
s for the purpose of keeping it clear of ice, snow
The invention particularly proposes the con,
struction of a windshield heater which is char
acterized by the provision of a squeegee element
l 0 of the like operating. against the outer surface
of a windshield and. used in combination with‘a
heated substance, preferably the exhaust from
the vehicle, having said windshield, to keep the
windshield clear.
with a’ windshield provided with a windshield
heater constructed according to this invention.
~ Fig. *2 is a schematic outside elevational view
of the windshield with ‘the heater applied; this
view is called schematic because certain of the
parts have been projected out of their actual
plane so that the complete circuit of the pipe
system may be easily traced.
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view taken on the
line 3—-3 of Fig. 2.
‘Fig; 4 is a view similar to Fig. 3 but showing
some of ‘the parts-in elevation; and furthermore
showing the pipes located ‘outside of the wind
shield frame.
-A further object of this invention is to provide
vFig. 5' is a fragmentary transverse sectional 15
a motor in‘ combination with the squeegee vor 7 view
taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4.
other windshield wiper which is operated by the
6_'is an outside elevationalview of a wind
heated substance such as the exhaust gases,
with two di?'erent types of windshield heat
which heated substance is also simultaneously shield
ers constructed according to this invention, ap
used to heat the windshield'to- ,keep‘ it clear from} plied thereon. These different types are ar- _
ice and snow.
Another object of this invention‘ is to provide
pipes for the passage of ‘the heated ?uid. which
pipes preferably extend around the windshield,
either embedded into the frame which holds the
windshield, or outside of the frame, or around
the edges of the windshield itself.
- Still further the invention contemplates the
associationof a heater with the circulating heat
30 ed substance so that this heated substance may
also operate the heater in addition to performing
its other duties.
Another one- of the objects of this invention is
ranged .side bySide, each takingup one-half the
width of the windshield.
‘Fig. 7 is a fragmentary elevational view of a
windshield seen fromthe interior of a car and
constructed according to this invention.
Fig. 8 is a sectional view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is a 'sectional view of a windshield as
sociated with a windshield heater according to
another form of the invention._
is a side elevational
operated byview
the ofsame
a‘ heater
stance which operates _the_ windshield heater.
Fig. 11 is a transverse sectional view of the
to provide a handle ‘upon or near the inside
35 face of the windshield which may be manually ' turbine used in the heater shown in Fig. 10, this
operated for placing the windshield wiper into
an operative position or into a retracted inop
erative position out of prominent view across
the windshield.
view being as though taken on the line I|-ll ‘35
of Fig. 10.
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary sectional view of a
portion of Fig. 10.
In Fig. 1 a standard automobile III has been
Still further the invention proposes an ar
which is provided with a windshield
rangement which will permit .the handle to be
a windshield heater according to this
manually pulled inwards in addition to being
invention has been applied. This windshield
rotated to press the windshield wiper harder heater
an external rotative squeegee or
against the windshield which may be'necessary - similar includes
element I! which is operated by a motor
during very heavy storms to keep the windshield - I3_ mounted upon the extremity of an arm I‘ 45
pivotally supported on the window frame I I’ of
For further comprehension of the invention, the windshield I I. The details of the parts are
and of the objects and advantages thereof, ref
shown in Figs. 2 and 7.
erence will be had to the following description
and accompanying drawings, and to the appended
with a central hub portion l2a connected with 50
claim in which thevarious novel features of the a turbine or motor I 5 mounted upon the end of
invention are more particularly set forth.
the arm M. This arm I‘ is provided with a pair
- In the accompanying drawings forming a ma
of passages l6 and I1, one for the supply of the
terial part of this disclosure:—.—
operating ?uid of the motor and the other for
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an automobile
the exhaust of this ?uid. The .arm H extends 55
which convey the heated ?uid or substance are
downwards and is rigidly connected with a valve arranged along the outer sides of the frame H‘.
element !8. This valve element is adapted to These pipes are generally indicated on the draw
rotate, or in any other manner is pivoted in the
by reference numerals I'I'. The di?erence
windshield frame ll’. Its inner end is provided ings
between this form and the prior form is merely
with a handle is by which it may be turned. one of degree. In the prior form the conduction
The passages l6 and I1, in one position of the of the parts in contact with the heated pipes are
valve align with passages l6’ and I1’ compris
depended upon to carry the; heat to the wind
ing pipes built into the frame il'. The outer shield.
In the form of the invention shown in
end of the valve i8 is provided with a collar 20. Fig. 4 radiation
through the air is mainly depend-v 10
10 An expansion spring acts between this collar and ed upon.
the side of the frame II’ for urging the valve
In Fig. 6 a modified. form of the invention has
i8 outwards.~ In this position of the valve the ‘ been
disclosed which distinguishes from the prior
squeegee element l2 presses against the window
primarily in the arrangement of the parts.
pane at a pre-determined- pressure. This pres
sure may be increased by manually drawing the According to this form of the invention there is a
handle I9 inwards so as to compress the spring
cleaning element 22 c-perates which is driven by
The turbine or motor l5 may be enclosed in a 7 a motor 23 at its center. This motor is mounted
transparent housing te- permit viewing of the
26 rotor IS. The sotation of this member may serve
to indicate that the gases pass out of the devices.
An electric ‘signal or ‘high dim light I!’ may
also be mounted on the casing of the turbine IE.
This light is cennected to the battery ef the ve
25 hicle and may be connected into an electric; cir
cuit by a suitable switch at the driver's seat, so
that it may be used as a turn indicator or to at
tract the attention of other drivers or pedestrians,
on a pivotally mounted arm 24 connected with a 20
rotative bushing or valve 28 controlled in a man
ner similar to the valve l8- previously described.
The windshield‘ 2| is provided with a frame 25
through the pipes 26 for conveying the heated
vfluid which operates the motor 23.
Fig. 6 shows another portion of the windshield,
indicated by reference numeral 2 I‘, provided with
a duplicate cleaning device consisting of the
squeegee or similar element 22, the motor 23, the
arm “and the pipes 26'. These pipes are ar
ranged external of the frame 25' of the wind
either at the front windshield or at the rear win
30 dow of the vehicle.
The pipe I6’ is, connected with a supply pipe l8"
_ shield.
which is intended to be connected to receive some
of the exhaust gases from the automobile or to
receive other heated and moving ?uid or sub
35 stances. From this pipe the substances pass
through the pipe line I6 and then through the
motor l5 to revolve the squeegee element l2. The
A protective shield 30 is ‘extended across the
windshield 2| above the squeegee or similar ele
ment 22 and extends from end to end of the wind 35
shield and drains eff ice and snow. This element‘
is curved transversely as well as laterally as may
be clearly seen from an inspection of Figs. 6,
substance then exhausts through the pipe‘ I‘! and
passes along the pipe l‘l'. A second squeegee de
40 vice is then connected in series in the pipe II’.
This second device is identical to the ?rst de
'l and 8.
Fig. 7 is an enlarged detailed inside view of the 40
windshield and mechanism shown in Fig. 6. For
this reason the steering wheel 23 cfthe automo
vice, and in Fig. 2 is shown in their lowered in
bile is also visible.
operative position. when in this position the
In Figs. 8-12 inclusive a car heater has been
shown associated with the windshield heater. 45
valve 18 does not permit the passage of the
The gases may then pass
This car heater comprises, essentially,- a turbine
or other motor portion 35 operated by heated
?uid or similar substances passing through the
through the second squeegee device aiong the pipe’
pipes 36. This heater may be shut oi! by a valve
45 gases. It is necessary that Tooth of the squeegee
devices be in their vertical positions, then'the
circuit is'complete.
line H’ embedded within the frame II’ and ex
e6’ arranged in the pipe system 26. Frem the
50 tending around the windshield II and ?nally dis
turbine portion 35 a shaft 21 projects and carries
a fan or blade 28 which is house-d within a._ cas-.
mg 39 covered by a screen 40. The details of the
turbine form no part of the invention and there
charging into the pipe II. which exhausts to at
mosphere at a suitable location upon the automo
The squeegee element is consists of a pair of fore will not be given in this speci?cation. The 55
55 radial arms each comprising a pair of inter-en
turbine, as shown, is of the ?uid impinging. type.
gaging elements I2b and I2" urged i to a neutral In other respects this form of the invention is
extended position by an internal spring I24. A similar to the prior forms and similarparts may
rubber squeegee element i2‘ is attached to the be recognized by the same reference numerals. .
outer frame |2¢ and normally does not contact
While I have illustrated and described the pre
60 with the surface of the windshield II. when the ferred embodiments of my invention, it is to be
handle I9 is pulled inwards the springs
are understood that I do not limit myself to the pre
compressed and the rubber squeegee l2e engages cise constructions herein disclosed and the right
the face of the windshield and supplements the is reserved to all changes and modi?cations com
cleansing action of the element Hi’. The pur
mg within the scope of the'invention as de?ned
65 pose of having the metallic element normally en
in the appended claim.
gaging the windshield is that it then permits the
1IiIaving thus described my invention, what I
conduction of heat from the motor I5. Thus the c am as new, and desire to secure ,
Letters Patent ls:—' .by United‘
heated metal part will assist in clearing the wind
shield of ice and snow. The rubber part l2° is
70 only used for better wiping the melted substances
from the windshield if this is desired.
InFig. 4 a modi?ed construction of the inven- -
tion has been disclosed which distinguishes from
. the prior form merely in the fact that the pipes
In combination with a windshield consisting of
a pane of glass supported in a frame, a pipe line
for fluid substance extending longitudinally
through said ‘frame, a cylindrical valve element
rotatively extending transversely through said
frame and pipe line and having a passage which
' 2,125,154
‘connects the pipe line sections in one turned posltion, a handle on the inner end of said valve ele-
portion for supporting said cleaning element ex
tending parallel to said pane, whereby said valve
ment for turning same, and a hollow arm for supporting a window cleaning element which is operable by said ?uid substance, said arm being
element may be turned to move said arm to cut
of! passage 01' said ?uid substance and to simul~
taneously assume a different position. -
and connecting with said passage and having a
mounted on the outer end of said valve element
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