Патент USA US2129246код для вставки
Sept. 6, 1938. ‘B. A. STERLING ' HAIR WAVING PAD AND METHOD .- 2,129,245 ' Filed April 19, 1957 , M7?? 7 / 74/4/17‘ // /_///// .0 'x/ ’ F3042. /5 2/ / / WW " ‘ Java/afar: ‘ - Bamami 0%. Sire/“6%)” Patented Sept. 6, 1938 “2,129,246 UNITE-DSTATES PATENT, OFFICE ' "2,129,246 HAIR WAVIN G PAD‘ AND‘ IWETHOD ‘ Bernard A. Sterling, Chicago, Ill. Application April 19, 1937, Serial No. 137,600 3 Claims. This invention relates to the Waving‘ of hair upon the human head, and more particularly to the production of lasting waves such as are known as “permanent” waves. Heretoi‘ore, it has been the practice in pro ducing waves of this sort to divide the hair into strands or looks, to grip the'strands adjacent the scalp with clamps, to wind the strands of hair upon curlers or waving devices‘up to posi— 10 tions adjacent the clamps, to mount the curlers or waving devices with the hair thereon on the clamps, and to apply suitable pads and heat to the hair while the same is in place on the curlers for the purpose of producing the desired set in the waves. ; ‘ Electric heaters have been commonly em ployed, but the present practice is to employ pads containing a chemical or chemicals which upon wetting will develop the desired heat with 20 out electric or other additional heating devices. Where pads of the sort last mentioned ‘are used, they are applied to the hair while the same is in place on the curlers. and separate clamps have been employed for clamping the pads upon 25 the hair while the same is in position upon the curlers, these clamps being relatively heavy and depending upon the presence of the ‘curlers with in the waved hair to hold them in place. One of the main objects of the present inven 30 tion is to provide a hair-Waving pad of the class described having, in combination, a pad part and fastening means carried by and constituting a unitary part of the pad for securing the pad upon the hair. ' ‘ ' ‘ The pad of the present invention eliminates the‘use of separate clamps and the like for clamping the pad upon the hair. This reduces the cost, simpli?es the waving operation, and avoids the weight and other discomfort of such 40 additional clamps and the like. 7 While the pad is particularly adapted for home use and for application to the hair after the same has been wound upon and removed from the curling or waving device, it is to be under 45 stood that the pad is not limited to such use but may be employed ‘in beauty shops ‘and elsewhere as suitable or desired, and it may be applied to the hair after the same has been wound on the curling or waving device and while it is still in 50 place on such device; It is also an object of the invention to pro vide an improved method of producing a lasting wave which comprises winding a strand or look of hair upon a curler or waving device to form 55 the desired curl or wave, removing the curled (Cl. 132-362) lock fromithe curler, and thereafter covering the curled lock of hair and applying heat to set the curl, and, more speci?cally, thereafter applying around the curled lock of hair chemical means which will develop heat upon wetting, and a heat insulating pad around said curled lock of hair and chemical means, and clamping the same upon the hair until the wave is set. Further objects and advantages of the inven tion will appear from the following detailed de scription taken in connection with the accom it panying drawing, in which: Figure l is a fragmentary perspective view showing the hair divided into a strand or look, and the manner of applying the protector pad thereto; Figure 2 is a similar View after winding the lock of hair into the desired curl or wave and removing it from the curling or waving device; Figure 3 is a view similar to Figures 1 and 2 20 showing a pad embodying the present invention applied to the curled or waved lock of hair; Figure 4 is a top plan view of the pad; Figure 5 is a bottom plan view of the pad; and Figure 6 is a fragmentary section taken on the 25 line ‘6-6 ‘of Figure 4. ‘Referring now to the accompanying drawing, the ?rst step in waving the hair ‘5 on the human head I6 is to divide the hair into a lock or strand 1. 80 A suitable protector B is placed over the strand 1' and up adjacent the ‘scalp to protect'the same from the heat of the waving operation. The 11 lustrated protector 8 comprises a heat insulating pad or felt or other‘ suitable material having a slit at 9 through which the strand of hair is passed, as shown in Figure 1. The protector 8 may, of course, be a clamp protector with pivotal ly connected jaws, or any other suitable or pre ferred form of protector may be employed. The next step is to wind the strand of hair 5 85 upon a suitable curler or waving device (not shown) to form the desired curl or wave indi cated at It! in Figure 2. The curler or waving device may be of the type shown in my copend ing application Serial No. 105,862, ?led October 16, 1936, wherein a hairpin I2 for holding the hair in its curled form is applied to the curled lock of hair ID by ‘removal of the same from the curling ‘device. The lock or strand of hair may, 50 of course, be curled or waved upon other forms of curling devices, or in any ‘other suitable or pre ferred manner within the scope of the appended claims. The curl l0, upon completion, has the pin [2 55 2 2,129,246 applied to hold the same in curled form, and the curl as thus formed and held is disposed ad Where I refer to the wire 21 as being pliable, I intend to convey by such expression the mean jacent the protector 8. As shown in Figure 2, the ing that this wire is capable of being bent into engagement with the opposite margin of the pad curling or waving device has been removed from the curl I0. - The waving pad is indicated in its entirety at l5 and comprises a ?at envelope I6 containing as shown in Figure 3, and, when so bent, remains engaged until the projecting prongs are bent out of engagement with the margin 29 of the pad. The particular wire 2'! employed in the illustrated embodiment of the invention is fabric covered, as indicated at 35 in Figures 4 and 6. The pad is 1O thus clamped ?rmly around the curled or waved hair without separate clamping devices, and, as illustrated, it is applied to the curl I0 after re copper chloride, talc and aluminum, or other suitable chemical means at II, which will develop heat upon wetting with water. The use of such chemical means in hair waving pads for the pur pose setforth is well known in the art, and such means therefore will not be further described in 'moval of the same from the curling or waving detail here. The envelope [6 is formed of tin or other metal device, although it is to be understood that the 15 15 pad may be applied to the hair after the same foil, with perforations in its outer side as indi cated at I8. A water absorbent fabric l9 covers has been wound on the curling or waving de the side of the envelope I6 provided with the vice and while it is still in place on such device, perforations l8, and the marginal edges of the. within the scope of the appended claims. The present invention eliminates the use of 20 20 metal foil envelope are folded over the marginal edges of the fabric covering l9 as indicated at 20. separate clamping devices and the like, and is A heat insulating pad 2|, formed of felt, ?annel, adapted for use around the curled or waved hair after removal of the same from the curler, be or other suitable material, covers the back of the cause it does not depend upon’ the presence of the envelope I6, and the margins of this pad 2! pref curler within the waved hair to hold it in place. 25 25 erably extend beyond the margins of the envelope H3. The envelope It may be formed of waxed The pad is adapted for home use, or for use in beauty parlors or elsewhere as desired, and, as paper or other suitable material instead of metal foil, and the pad 2| provides protection against already set forth, it may be applied either after the heat developed within the pad upon wetting the curl is removed from the curler or while the 30 of the chemical means at I‘! and for holding such curl is still in position upon the curler. I do not intend to be limited to the precise de heat in and upon the curl l0 upon application of tails shown or-described. the pad thereto. I claim: The fastener means carried by and constituting 1. In a hair waving pad of the class described, a unitary part of the pad I5, for securing the in combination, a pad part, and fastening means 35 35 pad around the curl I0, comprises a generally carried by and constituting a unitary part of said U-shaped pliable wire 25, with its base 26 dis posed between the pad 2| and the back of the pad for clamping said pad upon the hair, said envelope IS. The ends or legs of the generally fastening means comprising prong means se U-shaped wire project at 21 from one margin 28 cured to the pad and projecting from one margin of the pad, and are adapted to be bent over the thereof, said prong means being adapted to be 40 40 opposite margin 29 when the pad is wrapped bent over the opposite margin of the pad when around the hair as shown in Figure 3 to hold the the pad is wrapped around the hair and to remain in bent position to hold the pad in place upon the pad in place upon the hair. Wire staples 30, applied by the usual stapling hair. 2. In a hair waving pad of the class described, 45 45 devices now in common use, secure the envelope in combination, a pad part, and a generally I 6, absorbent fabric covering 19 and pad 2| to gether, and in the illustrated embodiment of the U-shaped pliable wire secured to said pad part invention the two left hand staples 30, as viewed with its ends projecting from one margin of said in Figure 4, are applied over the legs of the wire pad and adapted to be bent over the opposite margin of the pad when the pad is wrapped 50 fastener 25 to secure the same to the pad. The around the hair to hold the pad in place upon 50 parts may be stitched together and the fastener device secured thereto by stitching, or in any the hair. 3. In a hair waving pad of the class described, other preferred manner within the scope of the in combination, a generally flat envelope con broader aspects of the present invention. In operation, the hair is divided into the strand taining chemical means which will develop heat 55 on wetting, said envelope having perforations in 1, which is passed through the slit 9 in the pro tector 8, and-the protector is positioned as shown the side presented toward the hair, a water ab in Figures 1 to 3. The strand of hair is then sorbent fabric covering the perforated side of said envelope, 2. felt-like pad covering the opposite curled or waved as herein set forth, into the side of said envelope and secured thereto, the 60 60 form of the curl l0 with the pin [2 applied thereto. The pad 15 is then wrapped around the margins of said felt-like pad extending beyond curl ID, with the water absorbent fabric l9 and the margins of said envelope, and a generally U-shaped pliable wire secured to said pad with the apertures l8 of the envelope l6 presented to ward the curl, and the pad 2| covering the same its base disposed between the felt-like pad and the back of the envelope, said wire having its 65 for protection against the heat and to hold the ends projecting from one margin of the pad and. heat in and around the curl ID. The margin 28 of the pad is now in close adapted to be bent over the opposite margin of proximity to the opposite margin 29, and the pro jecting prongs 21 are bent over this opposite 70 margin 29 to hold the pad in place upon the hair until the curl is set. When the chemical means at IT is wetted it provides the heat necessary to form the desired wave. the pad when the pad is wrapped around the hair to hold the pad in place upon the hair. BERNARD A. STERLING.