close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2129246

код для вставки
Sept. 6, 1938.
‘B. A. STERLING
'
HAIR WAVING PAD AND METHOD
.-
2,129,245
'
Filed April 19, 1957
, M7??
7
/
74/4/17‘ // /_/////
.0 'x/
’
F3042.
/5
2/
/
/
WW
"
‘ Java/afar:
‘ - Bamami 0%. Sire/“6%)”
Patented Sept. 6, 1938
“2,129,246
UNITE-DSTATES
PATENT, OFFICE '
"2,129,246
HAIR WAVIN G PAD‘ AND‘ IWETHOD ‘
Bernard A. Sterling, Chicago, Ill.
Application April 19, 1937, Serial No. 137,600
3 Claims.
This invention relates to the Waving‘ of hair
upon the human head, and more particularly to
the production of lasting waves such as are
known as “permanent” waves.
Heretoi‘ore, it has been the practice in pro
ducing waves of this sort to divide the hair into
strands or looks, to grip the'strands adjacent
the scalp with clamps, to wind the strands of
hair upon curlers or waving devices‘up to posi—
10 tions adjacent the clamps, to mount the curlers
or waving devices with the hair thereon on the
clamps, and to apply suitable pads and heat to
the hair while the same is in place on the curlers
for the purpose of producing the desired set in
the waves.
;
‘
Electric heaters have been commonly em
ployed, but the present practice is to employ
pads containing a chemical or chemicals which
upon wetting will develop the desired heat with
20 out electric or other additional heating devices.
Where pads of the sort last mentioned ‘are
used, they are applied to the hair while the same
is in place on the curlers. and separate clamps
have been employed for clamping the pads upon
25 the hair while the same is in position upon the
curlers, these clamps being relatively heavy and
depending upon the presence of the ‘curlers with
in the waved hair to hold them in place.
One of the main objects of the present inven
30 tion is to provide a hair-Waving pad of the class
described having, in combination, a pad part and
fastening means carried by and constituting a
unitary part of the pad for securing the pad upon
the
hair.
'
‘
'
‘
The pad of the present invention eliminates
the‘use of separate clamps and the like for
clamping the pad upon the hair. This reduces
the cost, simpli?es the waving operation, and
avoids the weight and other discomfort of such
40 additional clamps and the like.
7
While the pad is particularly adapted for home
use and for application to the hair after the
same has been wound upon and removed from
the curling or waving device, it is to be under
45 stood that the pad is not limited to such use but
may be employed ‘in beauty shops ‘and elsewhere
as suitable or desired, and it may be applied to
the hair after the same has been wound on the
curling or waving device and while it is still in
50 place on such device;
It is also an object of the invention to pro
vide an improved method of producing a lasting
wave which comprises winding a strand or look
of hair upon a curler or waving device to form
55 the desired curl or wave, removing the curled
(Cl. 132-362)
lock fromithe curler, and thereafter covering the
curled lock of hair and applying heat to set the
curl, and, more speci?cally, thereafter applying
around the curled lock of hair chemical means
which will develop heat upon wetting, and a heat
insulating pad around said curled lock of hair
and chemical means, and clamping the same
upon the hair until the wave is set.
Further objects and advantages of the inven
tion will appear from the following detailed de
scription taken in connection with the accom
it
panying drawing, in which:
Figure l is a fragmentary perspective view
showing the hair divided into a strand or look,
and the manner of applying the protector pad
thereto;
Figure 2 is a similar View after winding the
lock of hair into the desired curl or wave and
removing it from the curling or waving device;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figures 1 and 2 20
showing a pad embodying the present invention
applied to the curled or waved lock of hair;
Figure 4 is a top plan view of the pad;
Figure 5 is a bottom plan view of the pad; and
Figure 6 is a fragmentary section taken on the 25
line ‘6-6 ‘of Figure 4.
‘Referring now to the accompanying drawing,
the ?rst step in waving the hair ‘5 on the human
head I6 is to divide the hair into a lock or strand
1.
80
A suitable protector B is placed over the strand
1' and up adjacent the ‘scalp to protect'the same
from the heat of the waving operation. The 11
lustrated protector 8 comprises a heat insulating
pad or felt or other‘ suitable material having a
slit at 9 through which the strand of hair is
passed, as shown in Figure 1. The protector 8
may, of course, be a clamp protector with pivotal
ly connected jaws, or any other suitable or pre
ferred form of protector may be employed.
The next step is to wind the strand of hair 5
85
upon a suitable curler or waving device (not
shown) to form the desired curl or wave indi
cated at It! in Figure 2. The curler or waving
device may be of the type shown in my copend
ing application Serial No. 105,862, ?led October
16, 1936, wherein a hairpin I2 for holding the
hair in its curled form is applied to the curled
lock of hair ID by ‘removal of the same from the
curling ‘device. The lock or strand of hair may, 50
of course, be curled or waved upon other forms
of curling devices, or in any ‘other suitable or pre
ferred manner within the scope of the appended
claims.
The curl l0, upon completion, has the pin [2 55
2
2,129,246
applied to hold the same in curled form, and the
curl as thus formed and held is disposed ad
Where I refer to the wire 21 as being pliable,
I intend to convey by such expression the mean
jacent the protector 8. As shown in Figure 2, the
ing that this wire is capable of being bent into
engagement with the opposite margin of the pad
curling or waving device has been removed from
the curl I0.
-
The waving pad is indicated in its entirety at
l5 and comprises a ?at envelope I6 containing
as shown in Figure 3, and, when so bent, remains
engaged until the projecting prongs are bent out
of engagement with the margin 29 of the pad.
The particular wire 2'! employed in the illustrated
embodiment of the invention is fabric covered, as
indicated at 35 in Figures 4 and 6. The pad is 1O
thus clamped ?rmly around the curled or waved
hair without separate clamping devices, and, as
illustrated, it is applied to the curl I0 after re
copper chloride, talc and aluminum, or other
suitable chemical means at II, which will develop
heat upon wetting with water. The use of such
chemical means in hair waving pads for the pur
pose setforth is well known in the art, and such
means therefore will not be further described in
'moval of the same from the curling or waving
detail here.
The envelope [6 is formed of tin or other metal device, although it is to be understood that the 15
15
pad may be applied to the hair after the same
foil, with perforations in its outer side as indi
cated at I8. A water absorbent fabric l9 covers has been wound on the curling or waving de
the side of the envelope I6 provided with the vice and while it is still in place on such device,
perforations l8, and the marginal edges of the. within the scope of the appended claims.
The present invention eliminates the use of 20
20 metal foil envelope are folded over the marginal
edges of the fabric covering l9 as indicated at 20. separate clamping devices and the like, and is
A heat insulating pad 2|, formed of felt, ?annel, adapted for use around the curled or waved hair
after removal of the same from the curler, be
or other suitable material, covers the back of the
cause it does not depend upon’ the presence of the
envelope I6, and the margins of this pad 2! pref
curler within the waved hair to hold it in place. 25
25 erably extend beyond the margins of the envelope
H3. The envelope It may be formed of waxed The pad is adapted for home use, or for use in
beauty parlors or elsewhere as desired, and, as
paper or other suitable material instead of metal
foil, and the pad 2| provides protection against already set forth, it may be applied either after
the heat developed within the pad upon wetting the curl is removed from the curler or while the
30
of the chemical means at I‘! and for holding such curl is still in position upon the curler.
I do not intend to be limited to the precise de
heat in and upon the curl l0 upon application of
tails shown or-described.
the pad thereto.
I claim:
The fastener means carried by and constituting
1. In a hair waving pad of the class described,
a unitary part of the pad I5, for securing the
in combination, a pad part, and fastening means 35
35 pad around the curl I0, comprises a generally
carried by and constituting a unitary part of said
U-shaped pliable wire 25, with its base 26 dis
posed between the pad 2| and the back of the pad for clamping said pad upon the hair, said
envelope IS. The ends or legs of the generally fastening means comprising prong means se
U-shaped wire project at 21 from one margin 28 cured to the pad and projecting from one margin
of
the pad, and are adapted to be bent over the thereof, said prong means being adapted to be 40
40
opposite margin 29 when the pad is wrapped bent over the opposite margin of the pad when
around the hair as shown in Figure 3 to hold the the pad is wrapped around the hair and to remain
in bent position to hold the pad in place upon the
pad in place upon the hair.
Wire staples 30, applied by the usual stapling hair.
2. In a hair waving pad of the class described, 45
45 devices now in common use, secure the envelope
in combination, a pad part, and a generally
I 6, absorbent fabric covering 19 and pad 2| to
gether, and in the illustrated embodiment of the U-shaped pliable wire secured to said pad part
invention the two left hand staples 30, as viewed with its ends projecting from one margin of said
in Figure 4, are applied over the legs of the wire pad and adapted to be bent over the opposite
margin of the pad when the pad is wrapped
50 fastener 25 to secure the same to the pad. The around the hair to hold the pad in place upon 50
parts may be stitched together and the fastener
device secured thereto by stitching, or in any the hair.
3. In a hair waving pad of the class described,
other preferred manner within the scope of the
in combination, a generally flat envelope con
broader aspects of the present invention.
In operation, the hair is divided into the strand taining chemical means which will develop heat
55
on wetting, said envelope having perforations in
1, which is passed through the slit 9 in the pro
tector 8, and-the protector is positioned as shown the side presented toward the hair, a water ab
in Figures 1 to 3. The strand of hair is then sorbent fabric covering the perforated side of said
envelope, 2. felt-like pad covering the opposite
curled or waved as herein set forth, into the
side of said envelope and secured thereto, the 60
60 form of the curl l0 with the pin [2 applied
thereto. The pad 15 is then wrapped around the margins of said felt-like pad extending beyond
curl ID, with the water absorbent fabric l9 and the margins of said envelope, and a generally
U-shaped pliable wire secured to said pad with
the apertures l8 of the envelope l6 presented to
ward the curl, and the pad 2| covering the same its base disposed between the felt-like pad and
the back of the envelope, said wire having its
65 for protection against the heat and to hold the ends projecting from one margin of the pad and.
heat in and around the curl ID.
The margin 28 of the pad is now in close adapted to be bent over the opposite margin of
proximity to the opposite margin 29, and the pro
jecting prongs 21 are bent over this opposite
70 margin 29 to hold the pad in place upon the hair
until the curl is set. When the chemical means
at IT is wetted it provides the heat necessary to
form the desired wave.
the pad when the pad is wrapped around the
hair to hold the pad in place upon the hair.
BERNARD A. STERLING.
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
421 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа