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Патент USA US2133077

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Oct. 1l, 1938.
|_. BoDDY
Filed Sept. 15, 1936
2 .Sheets-Sheet 1
. .
Oçt. 11, 1938.
Filed Sept. 15, `1936
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
11, 1938
AUNITED STATES ' yPil'rlzu'r
Leonard Boddy, Ann Arbor, Mich., assignor to
The Anderson Company, Gary, Ind., a corpo
ration of Indiana
Application September 15, 1936, Serial No. 100,918
4 Claims.
(c1. zoo-122) _
This invention relatesqto electrical indicating
systems and apparatus, and more particularly
to the transmitting'or sending units of such ap
a transmitter adapted to- electrical indicating
systems having'the parts mounted so as to be
relatively uniniiuenced by vibration and the like.
Another object of my invention is to provide a
I am familiar with electrical indicating systems
transmitter for electrical indicating systems
comprising a transmitter or sending unit dis
posed at the point of manifestation of a physical
force such as temperature, pressure, or liquid
head and an indicating unit at a point remote
from the transmitting unit but connected in cir
cuit therewith wherebyI an indication _of the
which can initially be accurately adjusted and
calibrated, which is relatively uninfiuenced by
temperature variation, and which will continue
`giving accurate indication over a long period of
Another object of my invention is to provide
' variation in the physical force is indicated an electrical indicating system having a simple
through corresponding variations in currentl and eiiicient transmitter, and `wherein a major
value transmitted’ to the indicating unit.
portion of the transmitter parts are adaptable
One such'type of transmitter is illustrated in as a unit to transmitters of différent types such 15
a patent to T. J. Smulski, No. 2,006,608, issued as liquid level, oil pressure and the like.
July 2, 1935 wherein the relative warping oi’ asso
Other objects of my invention and the inven
ciated bimetallic elements under thermal change tion itself will become increasingly apparent with
is adapted to cause a series of current pulsations a consideration of the following description and
,20 whichv may be transmitted to a suitable indicat
drawings wherein:
ing unit such as the-type illustrated in a patent
Fig. 1 is an elevationalview partially in section
to T. J. Smulski, No. 2,022,441, issued November -of a transmitter embo ng my invention;
26, 1935.
Fig. 2 is a section taken 'along the line 2-2 of
'I'hese instruments are primarily adapted to automotive vehicles wherein it is desired to use
Fig. 3 is a section taken along line 3_3 of
a minimum amount of current and the appara
Fig. 1:
tus parts must be extremely, sensitive. Due to
-Ili‘igs. 4 and 5 are elevational views of parts of
the operating requirements of the parts em -the transnutter or Fig. 1;
ployed, and the variations in material and neces
Fig. 6 is a diagrammatic view of an indicating
sary tolerances encountered in commercial pro-l system embodying my invention;
duction, I have found that considerable variation
Fig. 'l is a modified form of transmitter; and
in indication of a given condition will result un
Fig. 8 is a circuit diagram with parts illustrated
less adjustment means are provided. The pres
in conventional form.
ent adjustment an'd calibrating means required '
Referring now to the drawings, I havefindi
-are relatively involved and require considerable cated generally at l0 the ltop wall of an automo
time for accurate adjustment.
tive vehicle gasoline tank or similar liquid con
Additionally, due to the sensitiveness of the op
tainer on which is mounted a transmitter unit
erating parts particularly whenplaced on an ` generally indicated at Il, the transmitter being
automotive vehicle which is, normally subjected - connected through a wire l2 with an electro-re
' 40
>to considerable vibration, the' manner oi mount
ing of the parts oi the mechanism is extremely
sponsive -indicator I3 which is connected by
grounds indicated at I6 and I1. The manner
of wiring an electrically operable indicating sys
I have disclosed in the present application an ' tem of this type is well known and a further de
indicating system o1' the above type and particu
45 larly a transmitting unit which is susceptible of ‘
efiicient and economical manufacture, whichmay
be quickly and -accurately adjusted and cali
brated, and the parts of which are mounted so as
to be relatively uniniluenced by vibration com
monly found in automotive vehicles.
It is a primary’object of my invention therefore
to provide a transmitting unit adapted to elec
trical indicating systems which can be simply
and economically manufactured in quantity pro
Another object of my invention is to provide a
'transmitting unit adapted to electrical indicat
ing systems which can be quickly and accurately
adjusted and calibrated.
' scription is not believed necessary.
The electro-responsive indicator Il mafbeîf
any well known type which is actuate either by
intermittent current pulsations or b a continu
ous current of varying intensity. _Th transmitter
Il comprises an enclosed housing p rtion 20 and
a depending generally channel-sha ed arm~ 2|. 50
The container wall l0 is perforated an the arm 2l
fand a portion -of the housing is projec d there/I
through, the housing being provided with
ally outwardly extending flange 22 riveted or
otherwise secured to the container wall I0. The 55
arm 2l pivotally supports a float element 23
whereby the iloat element will be relatively ro
tated in response to variation in liquid level.
As best illustrated in Fig. l the inner end‘of the
Another object of my invention is to provide „ float element 23 comprises a camming face 24 60
adapted to actuate a generally vertically dis
posed lever 25. The lever 25 adjacent its upper
end is provided with an elongated kperforation 26
having substantially parallel sides for the recep
tion of ,a pin 21 rigidly secured to depending arm
transmit movement axially thereof in response to
2 I, 'I‘he upper end of lever 25 is secured to'a dia
movement of an element associated therewith
phragm 28, the diaphragm being provided with a
central perforation within which is secured, in a
suitable manner as by soldering, a metal washer
10 29, the washer being slotted whereby a neck por
tion of lever 25 may project upwardly there
through and also through an operating arm 30
which is soldered or otherwise secured to the dia
phragm 28. 'I‘he neck portion of lever 25 is then
15 flanged over whereby the lever and arm 30 are
rigidly interconnected with each other and with
-the diaphragm, and movement of lever 25 will
correspondingly move arm 3U.
.The diaphragm is provided with an upstand
20 ing peripheral flange and is adapted to be seated
changes in oil pressure.
A transmitter unit generally indicated at 50 is.`
adapted to senda series of current pulsations
through the circuit of the system proportiònal to
and which movement is eñected by the operating
arm 30 of the liquid cöntainer transmitter or the
diaphragm 42 of the oil pressure transmitter.
The operation ofthe transmitter unit 50 will now
be described.
The unit 50 comprises a circular plate4 5I adapt
ed to be inserted within the housing cup por
tion 3l of the liquid container transmitter and
adapted to be gripped by fingers not shown. -In 15
a similar manner the unit is adapted to be
mounted in the oil pressure transmitter by be
ing disposed within the ring element 43 and
gripping plate 5I by _similar :fingers 52.v The plate
5I is provided with a relatively large and gener 20
within and secured by soldering or the like to a
ally rectangular perforation 53 and is also pro
generally cup-form portion 3l of the housing.
vided with an_ upstanding arm 54 for a purpose
The housing portion 3l has a perforated base per
to be later described. Two spaced tubular pins
55 and 56 project upwardly from the plate and
mitting~ the lever ' arm >to be projected there
through and since the pin 21 prevents longitudi
nal movement of lever 25 it is constrained to rock
about pin 21 under lateral movement of the. low
ermost end of the lever effected by the camming
face 24 of the float element.
A spring 32 is secured to the lever 25 adjacent
the perforation 26 and to the depending .arm I I
laterally of the point of attachment to the lever
whereby there will always be a tendency to ro
tate the lever in a counter-clockwise direction as
35 viewed in Fig. 1 insuring that the lever will al
ways be maintained in contact with the camming
surface of the float element 23 and the iioat
telescoped over the pins is a copper or the like
resilient element 51 having an arm projecting
into the plate perforation 53, the arm being bent
downwardly generally centrally thereof to pro
vide a U shaped abutment 58. The element 51
is provided with a lateral extension to which is 30
rigidly secured a bimetallic strip 59 by an end ,
thereof, the opposite end of the strip 59 being
curved toward a median line of plate'5I and
having a contact 50 on its upper face. A per
forated insulating strip 6I is placed above ele 85
ment 51 and above the s'trip‘ 6I is a contact mem
ber 62 formed of copper or the'like and having an
upstanding contactl 63 and an'upstanding'per
incontactwith the liquid surface.
It will now be understood that when the con
40 tainer is substantially filled with liquid that the
» fioat element will be in a substantially horizontal
position or the float will be above the point of
support ofthe fioat element and the camming
surface thereof will rock the lever 24 laterally to
45 a considerable degree and in turn the associated
operating arm 30 will be rocked so that its free
end moves upwardly. As the liquid level within
the container decreases, the degree through which
the lever 24 is rocked decreases and the free -end
50 of arm 3U has a definite position corresponding
to a given liquid level and in a manner to be
later described this controls the current passing
through’the transmitter to the indicating unit I 3.
Fig. '7 illustrates a transmitter adapted to be
included in a system to indicate fluid pressure,
such as oil pressure, the arrangement being simi
lar to that described for indicating liquid level
with the exception that a diaphragm directly
transmits movement. rather than through an
60 operating arm. A housing adapted to be mounted
at or adjacent lthe oil pump comprises a rela
forated arm B4.
Superposed on the member 62 is a second in
sulating strip 6I and an element 65 formed of
copper or the like and having an arm projecting
outwardly into the plate perforation 53, the arm
having a lateral extension to which is rigidly se
cured a bi-metallic strip 66 'similar to strip 59 45
but opposite hand, having a contact 61 on its
lower face. An upstanding perforated -arm 68
either integral with element 65 or in contact
therewith is also disposed above the second insu-lating strip 6I.
A third insulating strip 6I and' a similarly
formed metal plate are then telescoped over pins
55 and 56 and the pins are staked or ñanged over
to firmly mount the above described parts on
plate 5I.
An insulated wire encircles the bimetallic strip
66 forming a heating coil 69, one end of thel
wire being soldered or otherwise suitably secured
to the strip 66 and the opposite end contacting
member 62, the heating coil being adapted in a 60
manner to be later described to be variably heat
tively shallow cup member -4l) havinga centrally ed to warp the strip 66 and cause the contact V61 disposed externally threaded stem 4I permitting- to be moved in correspondence with the current '
the housing to be sealingly securedl at the oil heating value. ,
65 pump or a convenient place in- the oil conduit line. '
A shunt unit 10, best illustrated in Fig. 6, com 65
The stem is centrally bored'for entry of oil to the prises\}a fibre strip encircled by a plurality of
housing interior. The cup element 40 has an_ turns of wire with the wire ends engaging termi
axially extending peripheral flange about which ` nals 1I and 12 slipped over the strip ends. The
is disposed a relatively flexible diaphragm 42 se
shunt yunit is adapted to interconnect arms 64
cured by spinning a ring element 43 therearound I' and 68 by projecting the terminals 1| and 12 70
and soldering the diaphragm and ring member through the arm perforations whereby current
to the cup member.
It will now be understood that the central por
tion of diaphragm 42 will assume a definite posi-_
75 tion corresponding to a given pressure and can
may be shunted around heating coil 69 in a man
ner and for a purpose to be later described.
'I‘he upstanding arm 54 of plate 5I has a hori
zontally extending portion provided with a
threaded perforation for the reception of an ad
support, an arm ilxed to the support at one end
justing screw 13, the lower end ofthe screw
abutting -the free end of the arm of element 55
but insulated- therefrom by a fibre pad 14 se
and having a freely movable portion, a thermally
responsive element supported at one end by the
arm and bodily movable therewith, the thermally
Cl cured on the arm. Rotation of screw 13_ will
responsive element having an opposite end por
raise or lower the arm which resiliently abuts
tion movable responsive to thermal change and
the screw end and consequently raise and lower adapted to form an electric contact, a second
arm ilxed to the support at one end and having
the bi-metallic strip 66 to alter the relative posi
tion of contacts 60 and 51. To maintain the _a freely movable opposite end, a second thermally
l10 screw 13 in an adjusted position I provide a com responsive element supported at one end by the
pression spring 15 intermediate the screw headA second arm and bodily movable therewith, the
and arm 5l of plate 5i and also provide a resilient opposite end of the second thermally responsive
clip having aflnger 15 engaging a preferably' element being movable upon thermal change and
knurled surfaceof the screw head. The clip is being adapted to contact the ilrst thermally re
sponsive element to complete an electric circuit,
15 maintained in place by projecting the screw 1l
therethrough and forming a. lip thereon to engage lboth thermally responsive elements being sub
a slot in arm 54.
The operation of the transmitter will now be
described. If the transmitter unit 551s in the
20 liquid level indicating system the operating arm
- 30 will engage abutment 58 of element 51 and if
employed on the pressure indicating system the
diaphragm l2 will engage the abutment but in
either case the substantially vertical movement
of abutment 58 will correspond to the height oi’
the liquid in the container or the intensity ofthe
'I'he bi-metallic strip 59 and its contact 85 will
be correspondingly moved and contact 50 will
variably press against contact 51 permitting cur
rent to traverse the heating coil tending to cause
the bi-metallic strip 65 and contact 51 to move
away from contact 50 and break the circuit. The
length oi' time required for separation of the con
tacts will depend on the pressure between the
contacts and since a current impulse of this dura
tion will be transmitted to the indicating unit I3
it will measure the liquid level or pressure. It
the voltage increases the contacts will separate
40 more quickly but a current impulse of greater
value will be transmitted so` that the cumulative
value of the current impulse in a given short
interval will be substantially constant despite
voltage variation.
In Calibrating the transmitter it is necessary to
correct the range to correspond with the indi
cating unit minimuml and maximum readings
since the empty iloat position or minimum pres
sure position can be checked by adjustment of
the indicating unit arm. The transmitter is con
stantially equally responsive to thermal change
to compensate for ambient temperature varia
tions, electrical heating means associated with
one of said thermally responsive elements to ef
fect separation of said elements upon energiza
tion of the heating means, means for- adjusting
the position of one of said arms-to vary the op
eration of the thermally responsive elements, a
terminal electrically connected to the thennally 25
responsive element having the heating means as
sociated therewith, and a second terminal'elec
tricaliy connected with the heating means where
by a resistance unit may be detachably inserted
between the terminals to vary the current passing 80
through the heating means.
~ 2. An electric circuit controller adapted to con
tral current impulses in the circuit, said controller
comprising a support, a pair of arms iixed at one
end to the support and having freely movable 35
portions, a pair of thermally responsive elements
each secured to a different one of said arms by an
endthereof engaging the arm movable portions
whereby the thermally responsive elements may
be bodily moved with the arms, each of said
thermally responsive elements having a freely 40
movable portion provided with an electric contact
and the contacts being engageable to complete
an electric circuit, means for adjusting the po
sition oi' one of said arms to vary the operation -' w
of the contacts, the other arm being movable to 45
efiect engagement o1' the contacts, electrical heat
ing means associated with one of said thermally ,
responsive elements energizable to heat its as
sociated element to effect separation of the con
nected substantially as illustrated in Fig. 6 and « tacts, a terminal electrically connected with the
the readingV with the shunt unit omitted is velement having the heating means associated
checked on a master indicating unit and which therewith, a second terminal electrically con
nected to the heating means, and a resistance unit
, will normally underread. Shunt umts of vary
detachably mounted between the terminals to
ing resistance are available and one is selectedv
the current passing through the heating
which will cause the indicating unit to slightly
overread and this over-reading can be quickly
3.l The controller as described in claim 2 and
corrected by adjustment o! screw 13. Thus a
a conductor extending upwardly is elec
transmitting unit is provided which can be quick
trically connected to one oi' said terminals and the
ly and easily calibrated and in which the oper
means, and an enclodng housing engage
ating parts although sensitive' in operation are heating
able with the support is provided with a con
securely mounted so as to be relatively unaiïected tact engageable -with the upstanding conductor
' by vibration.
current to the controller.
Although I have shown and described modin to 4.transmit
The controller as described in claim 2 and
cations of my invention, I contemplate that wherein an enclosing housing is provided en
numerous and extensive departures may be made gageable with the support, together >,with elec
therefrom without departing from the spirit ofv trical conducting means accessible externally ot
my invention and the scope of the appended
the housing connected with one of said terminals
and the heating means to transmit current to the
Having thus described my invention, what I
claim is:
l. An electric circuit controller comprising a
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