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Патент USA US2135233

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NOV. 1, 1938.
w_ |_, DELANEY
2,135,233
SHOE
Filed .July 9, 1936
a
'
INVENTOR.
Patented Nov. 1, 1938
2,135,233
UNITED STATES PATENT 0FFl€E
2,135,233
SHOE‘
Warren L. Delaney, Lewiston. Maine
Application July’ 9, 1936, Serial No. 89,835
2 Claims.
My invention relates to shoes and one of the
objects is the production of a shoe that has the
good wearing qualities and flexibility of a sewed
shoe and; the smart lines and- dainty, yet sturdy,
U
character of a cemented shoe.
'
In a shoe, where the sole is cemented to the
upper from heel‘ to toe, there isa chance of
the, sole coming off the shoe, particularly around
the forepart of the shoe. - Then again, there are
10 objections to a cemented sole, because it is
claimed that it burns the feet of the wearer.
In the manufacture of a sewed shoe, when
channeling the shank of the outersole and then
sewing down the shank, the shoe becomes dis
torted and takes away from the shoe-maker the
opportunity to produce a clean cut shank, which
is desirable especially, in women’s footwear to
day.
However, when the shank is cemented to
the shoe on the last, it insures that the shoe
will then have the same perfect lines as are put
in the arch of the last.
By sewing only the forepart of the shoe by
the McKay or lockstitch method of sewing and
cementing the shank, the operator is able to
hold the shoe ?at and thus control the original
shape of the shoe and the ?tting measurements.
In connection with the manufacture especial
ly, of ladies’ shoes, in order to help support the
arch, it has been the practice to provide a bulge
Fig. 3 is- a plan view of the inner side of the
molded outersole shown in Fig. 2,
Fig. 4 is an elevation of‘ the molded sole shown
in Figs. 2 and 3,
Fig‘. 5 is, a section on the line 5—5- of Fig. 1, 5.
Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6--6 of Fig. 1,
Fig. '7 is a planview- of the innersole,
Fig. 3 is a section on the line 8-8 of Fig. '7.
The shoe is lasted in the customary manner
of making McKay shoes in which, after the in 10
nersole l is correctly positioned on the last, the
upper 2 and lining 3 are pulled tightly over the
last and fastened to the under surface of the
innersole by means of tacks 5 (or other used
methods) which penetrate the innersole and are 15
clinched against the steel bottom of the last.
After the application of a steel shank stiffener
4 and filler 6, the shoe is then ready for laying
the outersole.
'
The outersole ‘I is provided with the offset or 20
bulge 8 at the shank and is also channeled at
9 along the forepart of the sole only. The sole
is molded into shape as shown in Figs. 3 and 4
and is then laid on the upper and held in place
by the layer of cement Ill which has been ap
plied to the outersole, temporarily adhering the
sole to the forepart of the shoe and permanently
or offset on the inner side of the shank of the
inner sole and termed a “cookie inner”. It has
adhering it to the shank of the shoe.
The last having been removed from the shoe,
‘it is now sewed at I I through the forepart of the 30
sole with a McKay stitch, or lockstitch, or any
never been proposed however‘ to put this bulge
other vertical method.
or offset on the inside shank of the outersole,
where on account of the much stiffer leather,
a more adequate support is provided for the arch
The channel 9 having been laid and the shoe
beaten out, it is now ready for heeling.
One of the advantages of having the “cookie”
and weight of the body. If the shank of the shoe
on the outersole rather than on the innersole is
that in the lasting, the upper lays in direct con
is sewed, on account of the curvature of the
bulge, it would be difficult to channel and sew
through such a shank. A further object of the
40 invention therefore relates to the provision of
the bulge or offset on the inside shank of the
outersole of any type of shoe.
>
tact with the wood of the last .at the shank,
which is impossible when using a “cookie inner”,
unless using a special last with a depression to
take up the thickness of the “cookie”.
The general comfort of the shoe is improved
Still another object is to provide the innersole by using the particular type of innersole with
with a felt insert leaving the outer edge of the
the ball cushion [2. It will be noted that the
5 innersole intact and forming what I call a “ball
cushion extends to the inner side of the inner 45
cushion”.
_ sole but that the outer side 13 of the innersole is
Referring to the drawing for a more complete continuous and uncut. This outer portion [3
disclosure of my invention,
holds the general shape of the innersole, where
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a lady’s shoe as by cutting away the inner edge of the inner
showing in dotted lines the sewing of the fore
sole and inserting the pad, the ball of the foot
part of the shoe, and also in full lines the bulge does not ride up on the hard part of the inner
or offset on the inside shank of the outersole.
sole. The material of the cushion may be any
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the outer side resilient material such as piano felt, rubber, etc.,
of the molded leather sole with the bulge ready and may be held in place by sewing [4.
From the above description, it will be seen 55
55 for application to the shoe,
2,135,288
2 .
that I provide a method of making shoes, that
produces a shoe’ having the advantages of a
machine sewed shoe and cemented shoe and
by providing the outersole at the shank with
the bulge or “‘cookie’*, I make a shoe with a
strong support for the arch and weight of the
body.
'
‘ While I have particularly illustrated and de
scribed the use of an outersole having the bulge
10 or “cookie” on the inner side, in connection with
the manufacture of a lady’s shoe where the fore
part is sewed and the shank portion ‘is cemented
to the upper, I do not intend to so limit the use
of this part of my invention. The same type of
present preferred form of the invention, it will
be understood that I reserve the right to all
changes properly fallingvwithin the spirit and
scope of the appended claims.
I
claim:
j
I
H
1. The method of making a shoe comprising
providing an inner sole and an upper, assembling
them on a last, lasting the upper and attach
ing its margin to the inner sole margin, provid
ing an outer sole having ,a' shank portion with
10'
an oii‘set on its inner‘side; pre-molding the off-V
set to conform to the arch of the shoe‘, laying the
outer sole with the pre-molded offset on the
upper, securing the outer sole to the upper and
comprising permanently cementing the shank 15
15 shank can be applied to an all-over cemented " portion and offset of the outer sole to the upper.
shoe as well as to a sewed iorepart-cemented
shank shoe.
While it’ would be di?icult with
2. The method of making a shoe comprising
present machine methods to sew a shank to the '
providing an inner sole and an upper, assem
upper having the bulge on the inner side,’ a
shank of such type would still have in such a
shoe certain of‘the advantages, which are not
attaching its margin to the inner sole margin, 20
present in the old and well known type of shank.
While the bulge, on the shank of. the outersole,
is particularly advantageous in connection with
25 the type of ladies’ shoes as disclosed, it is ap
parent the same ‘could be used for shoes made
in the men's, ‘women’s and children’s ?eld by
other methods than that particularly described.
While I have illustrated and describedtthe'
bling them on a last, lasting the upper and
providing an outer sole having ashank portion
withv an offset on its inner side, pre-molding
the offset to conform to the arch of the shoe,
laying the outer sole with the pre-molded offset
on the upper, permanently cementing the shank, 25
portion and offset of the outer sole to the up
per and, sewing only the forepart of the outer
sole to the upper.
V
>
WARREN L. DELANEY.
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