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March 11, 1947.
J. Q WHITESELL, JR
2,417,337
_TANK ESPECIALLY FOR VEHICLES
Filed Sept. 15, 1945
1316i
7
‘
INVENTOR
John CWhiLeselLJt.
BY
I441
M7‘
ATTORNEY
. ‘‘‘‘‘
VVVV._...Pa_te_nted Mar. 11, 1947
2,417,337
UNITED STATES PATENT '
2,417,337
TANK, ESPECIALLY FOR VEHICLES
OFFICE“
John C. Whiteseli, J12, Nan-berth, Pa., assignor to
‘Edward G. Budd Manufacturing Company,
Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsyl
vania
Application September 15, 1943, Serial No. 502,455
‘
2 Claims.
The invention relates to a tubular storage tank,
especially for ‘vehicles. Still more particularly,
the invention'relates to a self -supporting tank for '
road vehicles such as trucks, trailers or semi
trailers.
‘
'
'
It is an object of the invention to simplify tanks ‘
of the indicated type.
_
A further object of the invention is a tank con-'
(01. 320-22)
2
tending ?anges l5. At the ends and at certain
intervals, the sections are closed or subdivided,
respectively, by vertical plates or bulkheads l6.
‘These plates are provided throughout their mar
gins with' ?anges ll. whichv rest against and are
secured, such ‘as by spot welding, to the plates
l2 and l3.,
,
- Attached to the outside ofvthe upper sectors 8
struction which lends itself to the easy connec
and 9 are catwalks l8 which'serve simultaneously
tion of its constituents by electric welding, 10 as
reinforcement or longitudinal chord members.
especially overlapped resistance welding.
A still further object of the invention is a tank
which can be made of plane sheets so that the
Filling or manholes I 9 are arranged between each
two transverse walls I 6 on the upper sectors.
The described sectors 8, 9, l0 and II are secured
manufacture of the parts and the vehicle as
together along their length by welding or other
sembly will be at low cost.
15 appropriate means.’ These connections are ar
Among‘the objects of the invention is also a
ranged along the outer margins and, preferably,
tank which is light in weight and yet strong
also in the interior of the tank where the walls [2
enough to withstand the heavy stresses to which
overlap. The upper and lower sectors may com
it is subjected even if the tank itself does not
municate with each other through holes 20 pro
serve as its own chassis.
20 vided in the walls l2. Similar holes may be pro
The aforesaid and other objects of the inven
vided in the vertical arms of the walls I2, in
tion are mainly achieved by assembling the tank
which case some of the manholes are dispensable.
of a plurality of sectors, preferably four sectors,
Attached to the underside of the upper sectors
each of which extends in the longitudinal direc
3 and 9 and to the end walls It of the lower sec
tion of the tank body. .
25 tors Ill and l I are supporting structures 2| , 22
The attainment of the objects of the invention
for the front and rear wheels or, in the illustrated
is also promoted by extending the upper sectors
embodiment, at the front end for the ?fth wheel
over the entire length of the vehicle, whereas the
arrangement 6.
.
lower sectors extend only over the central portion
The
entire
structure
of
the
body
illustrated
in
thereof so that recesses are formed at the ends 30
Figures 1 and 2 is built up of through-running
on the underside, which provide room for the sup
longitudinal sheets l2 and I3 stiffened by numer
porting wheels.
ous transverse bulkheads l6 and“ is divided into
The invention and its details as well as further
numerous small tanks. The body thus acts as a
objects and advantages thereof will be more fully
tubular beam reinforced against buckling by the
understood from the embodiments illustrated in
numerous transverse bulkheads.
the attached drawing and described in the follow
The construction, a cross section of which is
- ins:
shown in Figure 3, di?ers from the construction
In the drawing,
of Figures 1 and 2 in two respects: in the forma
Figure 1 is a diagrammatic side elevation of a
tion
of the longitudinal partition walls, and in a
semi-trailer tank built in accordance with the 40
detail of the transverse bulkheads. Otherwise,
invention;
. the construction may be identical.
Figure 2 is a section along line 2—2 of Figure 1
The arcuate section outer sheathing members
on a larger scale; and
25 are, in Figure 2, substantially identical with
Figure 3 is a sectional view similar to Figure 2,
the members It of Figure 1. Instead of the four
yet of a modi?ed form of the invention.
45. angle section members l2 in Figure 2, there are
The tank body shown in Figures 2 and 3 com
in Figure 3 but two angle section members 26
prises in the region between the rear wheels 5
which serve alone as partitions between the ad
and the ?fth wheel support 6 of the tractor 1,
joining sectors. It is evident that at the ends
four sectors 8, 9, ID and II, whereas above the
over the wheel locations the downwardly extend
wheels only the upper sectors s and 9 are con 50
ing arm of one of the plates 26 is omitted. The
tinued. Each sector consists of an angle section
two plates 25 are connected along their length at
plate [2 and a curved plate I3. The latter is
the apex 2'! of the angle sections.
secured through its marginal ?anges It to the
The transverse bulkheads 28 in this embodi
marginal portions of the plate l2. The margins
ment, or at least some of them, are provided with
of the plate l2 may be reinforced by laterally ex
openings 29 so that a tank extends across several
2,417,ss7
3
N-
: »
4,
I
bulkheads, or it may even extend over the entire
tition walls being secured together along their,
longitudinal margins and constituting the main
length of the vehicle.
load supporting elements of the tank, the upper
~
The invention is not restricted to the illustrat
ed embodiments but the attached claims are in
tended to cover all such embodiments which will
occur to those skilled in the art.
What is" claimed is:
1. Tubular horizontal storage tank composed
of more than two sectors, each of said sectors 1
comprising an arcuate section plate constituting 1o,
ones of said segments, the upper part of the ver
tical ‘partition wall and the horizontal partition
wall extend over the entire lengthof the tank,
whereas the lower ones of said segments and the
lower part of the vertical partition wall termi
nate at least short of one end of the tank so‘ as
to provide room for supporting wheels.
,
»
the outer shell and separated from the adjoin
JOHN C. WHITESELL, JR.
ing sectors by partition walls forming main load
REFERENCES CITED
transmitting structural elements, adjoining ones
The
following
references are of record in the
of said sectors comprising-each an angle-section
longitudinally extending plate with radially ar 15 ?le of this patent:
ranged arms the marginsof which are secured
UNITED STATES PATENTS
to the marginsof the respective arcuate section
Number
Name
Date
plate, adjoining sectors being connected with!
1,970,970
Nolan ___1 _______ __ Aug. 21, 1934
each other by the overlapping arms of the angle-'
Moxey v____,_ ______ __ July 28, 1936
section plates .Which constitute said partition 20 2,049,132
505,715
.Milsted _'__, ______ __ Sept. 26, 1893
walls.
>
.~
.
.
.
192,310.
,
2. In. a tubular storage tank, especially for ve
hiC1€S,'WhiCh is horizontally non-,rotatably sup
ported at widely spaced points along its length,
the combination of longitudinally arranged wall 25
. I
segments constituting the
tank and, of horizontally and vertically arranged
interior partition walls, said‘ segments and par
.
_
.
2,011,161
Robinson, Sr. ___'-____ Aug. 13, 1935
1,750,258
1,894,675
Brown _____ ~_.v__'-__'_ Mar. 11, 1930 i ‘ »
Dixon . _____ _'_ _____ -fJah. 17, 1933
1,818,032
tubular shell of the
.Tippettet a1. _____ __ June 19,1877
2,359,190 .
Bell ____ __‘___.._'__’~_ Aug. 11, 1931
Theriault '___;-;___ Sept. 12,1944
,
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