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April 29, 1947-
E. E. vALM
Filed Jan.' 5, 1944
2 sheets-sheet 1
.8 j
April 29, 1947.'
Filed Jan. V5, 1944
l HL'
/7/// /
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
Patented Apr. 29, 1947
Einar Erik Alm, Stockholm, Sweden
Application January 5, 1944, Serial No. 517,101
In Sweden February 5, 1941
6 Claims. (Cl. 199-29)
This invention relates to an assembler for line
casting machines, comprising two parallel matrix
assembling rails located at diiîerent levels, the
rail located at the higher level being displaceable
along its own plane and consisting of two parts,
one of said parts being in the form of a slide dis
placeable along said last named rail in a manner
the rail can be brought either into the inoper
ative position shown in Figs. 2 and 4 or into the
operativev position shown in Figs. 3 and’5.
In accordance with this invention, that'por
tion of the upper rail 4 on which matrices may _
be collected, is in the form of a slide 5 displace
able to and fro along the rai1 4.v To this end,
an arm I3 provided with a lever I2 is Vmounted
such that in one end position said slide being
on a pin I I rsecured to the rail 4, said arm» I3
adapted to receive matrices, while in its other end
being adapted to engage a projection I4 of the
position it permits matrices of falling down and
slide 5. A torsiona1 spring 22 wound around-the
remaining in an upright position on the lower
pin I I serves to keep the arm I3 in its proper
positions. When the lever I2A is turned to the
The invention has for its object to facilitate
right from the position shown in Fig. 5, the arm
alternate setting up of different characters and
to render possible transition from one type of 15 I3 will be turned such as to permit the slide 5 of
being displaced towards the left into the posi
characters to another one by actuating a single
tion shown in Fig. 6. Said displacement which
lever without the necessity of manual displace
is assisted by a spring I5 inserted between the
ment of matrices and without necessity for the
members 4 and 5, takes place substantially
operator to pay particular attention'to the as
sembler when shifting from one type of charac 20 through the action of matrices as they are set up, ,
as will be more clearly described hereinbelow.
ters to the other one.
When the lever I2 is turned back into the posi
This and further objects, I attain by mecha
tion shown in Fig. 5, the arm I3 acts upon the
nism illustrated in the accompanying drawings,
projection I4 such as to displace the slide 5 into
in which'
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the assembler; 25 the position shown in Fig. 5. At the displace
ment of the slide 5, a thinned end portion I6
Fig. 2 a side elevation of the assembler with the
thereof will slide above a correspondingly lowered>
upper rai1 out of engagement, viewed from the
face I'I of the rail 4 (Fig. 12). With the parts in
right ofv Fig. 1; Fig. 3 a view similar to Fig. 2
'the positions shown in Fig. 5, said thinned end
with the upper rail in operative position; Fig. 4
a plan view of the assembler with the upper railI 30 portion I6 constitutes a bridge over the space be
tween the members 4 and 5 and thereby prevents
in the position shown in Fig. 2;‘Fig. 5 a plan view
of the assembler with the upper rail in the oper
ative position according to Fig. 3; Fig. 6 a plan
view of the assembler with the slide in a dis
placed position for setting up roman characters;
Fig. '7 a similar view with the parts in a, position
which should not be used during the setting up
operation; Figs. 8-11 part of the assembler with
different positions of the slide for setting up
matrices assuming italic positions from falling`
down into roman positions. At the opposite end,
the slide 5 has an upwardly projecting lip I8 on
the inside of which the matrices are falling down
as they are being set up. In the vposition shown
in Figs. 2 and 4, the lip I8 is located in a recess
23 provided in the plate 3. The rai1 4 has a sim
ilar lip 24 which in the position according to Figs.
roman and italic characters in an alternate man 40 3 and 5 is disposed in the recess 23 and thereby
prevents thin matrices from getting stuck in the»
ner; and Fig. 12 a viewillustrating the movable
recess, whichotherwise might occur when the.
connection between one end portion of the slide
slide 5 begins to move towards the position ac
cording to Fig. 6. Below the thinned portion I6,
Referring to the drawings, the frame I of the
matrix assembler ismade integral with a fixed 45 the slide 5 has a projection 25 engaging a re
cessed portion 23 provided in the rai1 4, as will
rail 2 for the roman position of the matrices.
be seen from Figs. 4-7. Thelast-named pro
Above and parallel to- the rail 2 there is located
jection and recess in connection with the other`
a movable rail 4 for assembling matrices in the
abutting places between the slide 5 4and the- rail 4
italic position, said rai1 4 being disposed. be
tween the frame I anda plate 3 secured to the 50 serve as a guide for the slide together with the
frame. The rail 4 is displaceable along its own _ tension of the spring I5. As shown in Fig.` 7, said
guide means permit a certain turning movement
plane by meansof a lever 'I which together with
of the slide 5 out of its parallel position with re
arms 6.and 8 is mounted on a shaft 9, the lever
spect to the rail 4. Said turning movement will
1 and the arms B and. 8 being movably connected
occur when the rail 4 is moved into its inoper
with the upper rail 4, By turning the lever 1,
and the appertaining rail.
ative position without the lever I2 having been
I8, as indicated in Fig. 11. Due to the fact that
swung into the position shown in Fig. 4. In this
the body of each matrix as a rule is wider than
that portion thereof against which the lip I8
case, the lip I8 is stopped in contact with the
abuts, certain clearances will be formed, as shown
plate 3 and prevents the right hand end of the
slide 5 from moving together with the remaining Ul in Figs. 8 to ll, said clearances facilitating the
sliding movement of the matrix beyond the lip
portion of the rail 4. When the lever l forces the
I8, which to this end may be somewhat bevelled,
rail 4 into the position according to Fig. 7, a posi
as shown in the drawing. It occurs, however, very
tive movement ofthe slide 5 mightY be liable to
seldom that-matrices are-'abutting each other at
damage the lip I8ïas theisame is forced against
the place between roman and italic positions.
the plate 3. This inconvenience is eliminated by
the slide 5 having a certain possibility of turning .
movement. In the position shown in Fig. 7, the'
assembler should not be operated. If. the lever, I2 ë'
is moved to the left from the position according
to Fig, 7, the slide 5 returns to the position shown“
in Fig. 4 with the lip I8 located.'in'"the‘îrecess*23;.
of the plate 3. This movement is facilitated-by?,
the pressure of the arm I3 against a shoulderZS
at the projection I4. On the lower side'of the '
plate 3, there is provided a recess 2ï which in u
su'ch‘ï' a manner ' cooperates- with :alpin-«28 ¿inf-the.:
Frequently, a clearance is formed at that place
between two words by means of a justifying
wedge;whichlabsolutely ensures that the next
following. matrix will assume its proper position.
It will be understood that the invention is not
limited.r to the 'construction described above which
be modified in various ways without depart
ing from .the spirit of the invention.
What I claim is:
l. An assembler for line casting machines
comprisingfa-iixedf matrixassembling rail, a sec
ond-matrix-I assemblingY >rail " including a plate
slide '5,5 that the 'forward- edge 'of »said'fsli'de due l
to an excessive-- turning movement will not l'be
member‘and‘a slide carriedïthereby for longi
forced into the assembler to a greater extent than
tudinal movement, means supporting said Second
that shown in Figs.- 3 to '7,'that is, the movement ' 25 rail for lateral -movement between a retracted
position and a projected operative position in>
of fthe-slide in the direction lof the movementSo-f
the-rail d'is limited by said ïpin »and recess. A-.lip which said slide’is-over said first rail', and means
I9‘ïïh'aving a similar purpose as the-lip I8 is se
for moving' saidY slide longitudinally between a
cured ïto the fixed 'rail '2è To the `right of said lips
matrix receiving position and an `inoperative po
I Bï'and I 9,' a's-viewed'in Figs; 8"'to'11,l there is pro- l
sitionïwhen `said’second 'rail is in projected posi
videdfa rotatable star wheel .2t/.the arms of which
tion; said last means comprising an arnrmounted4
actuate the-matrices one after the V'other so as.
on said plate member for pivotal movement'to
to’force the same inwardly and downwardly into.
displace the slide in one direction and a spring for
thel assembler, as they are set ' up. They first
displacing the slide inthe opposite direction.
matrix in“ the; series labut's -against a -slidable sup 35
2. >An assembler for aline casting machineas
recited inclaiml 1-` wherein said spring-tends‘to
retain the slide `in inoperative-position,` and said
The’device described above operates in 'the fol
lowing»mannerïv Inf-order‘to set upmmatricesî-in
romanpositions only, the-upperfrail ¿l is‘sliifted4
to»itsIinoperative~positionf according to Figs. 2‘5
arm moves said slide positively- into matrix re
3.' Anf assembler-for a line casting-machine as
and 4,> while- itsr position according-»to Figs. » 3 "and`
recited in claim l, wherein th'e-»slide-«has an-up
5"“corresponds to' theitalic-'positiòns In order
wardly projecting lip constituting an abutment
alternatelyitolset up Aroman‘fand italic- charac»
for thefmatrices, and said'supporting meansv in
cludes a fixed plate above said second' rail, said
ters; tlfif-rop‘erationv may be> started >`with>` tl'ieerailV
rin" the position shown in'-Flgs.~ 3 'and 6i» Matrices`entering‘theassembler will, in `thisA position; not»
be‘hindered"bythe-’rail 4 and the slid’eiâ-from
assuming’rom'an' positions, as shown‘in‘FigL» 8.
If” it isfd‘esir'edito change from roman‘todtalic-
fixed plate'having-a recess1for receiving said slide
lip-when said-secondira-il is ¿moved into retracted
position, and'said'plate member of the second rail
has aa1lip' extending f across the`V entrance Y to- the
shown >in Fig. 54with'‘the-result’`A that- the matrices
will"b"e'placed on' the rail [email protected] italic posi
recess1»w~hen-said second'rail is in projected posi
41.» In an vassemble-1' for aline-casting machine,
theY combination withl a stationary frame having
tion, asshown'in' Fig. 9; each matrix’then‘b'eingv
al slot therethrough-above a flxed--matrix-assem
fe'd into' the'clearancef'between the ‘lipj' I8 andïthe
preceding ~matrix by 'meansof the star wheel 2li.
bling rail,v uffa-*movable-l rail slidably mounted in
In order' toshiftl over to romanA positionçthe
member supported‘in said: slotY for lateral move
lever' I2'”is swung into the’position~ a'ccordingto
Fi‘gî 6; Due to‘the'fa'ct that matrices are‘present
onthe‘rail/l, the'slide‘ä cannot immediately.
ment> between a1 retracted position and a pro
position, the'flever' I2'- is swung‘intothe position .
assumethe position according to Fig.-` 6, ,since the
lip;l8"will abut against the last'matrix` setup in
italic’position so'. as to’ stop the movement of >the
slide 5;.said; movement" being not greater than
the sum cf'the'clearan'ceswhich might Ybe formed'l
said'slot; said movable» railfcomprising-a plate
jectedïoperative position,- a slide movable later
ally with'said plate member in said- slot and'mov
able independentlyfof said plate member in a lon
gitudinal direction, and manually’operable means
carried by- said plate-member for movingv said
slide longitudinally.
5; In an> assembler- forV a line casting machine,
between the la'st matrices setup in the series, as 65 the invention as recited inv claim' 4 whereinsaid
plate-member is cut~backfrom its inner-edge-to
provideÍ a- recess in which the slide; is arranged,
the upper `surface-'of'y saidf slide being substantially.
sta‘r‘ wheel ‘ 2 l) feeds ` the matrix into` the' assembler
flush with that of the plate- member, and said;
asîlong'adi'stance as‘ usual. However, since-.the 70 plate member> and' slide having thin guide por
tions overlappingy at the` matrix discharge end' of'
lip' I8 at that timev due to the spring> I5' abuts
the railsto` form a bridge for the transfer, o_f
against' the last matrix setup in italic position
matrices from the slide to the plate member.
and thus follows the movement of said matrix,
6;,In anassembler for a linecastingmachine,
the matrix entering the assembler williv slide
downwardly into roman position outside the lip
the invention as recited in claim 4 wherein said
will'beïseen‘ from .Fig.~10. The next matrix which.
enters‘tlie' assembler will as usually abut against.
theprec'eding matrix'inthe'italic position.. The>
plate member is cut back from its inner edge to
provide a notched recess in which said slide is
loosely arranged, said slide having a lportion eX-
The following references are of record in the
me `of this patent;
tending into the notch of said plate member re
cess to connect the slide to the plate member 5
for lateral movement thereby and for independent
longitudinal movement.
Neumayel' ------- _- Sept. 9, 1913
Marlatt __________ __ Feb. 12, 1929
McKeel _________ __`__ Sept. 5,l 1939
Walden ____._ ..... _.. Feb. 4, 1936
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