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April 29, 1947.
J. H. AssELlN
2,419,701 ’
RAIL BRACE
Filed July 18. 1944
7 Sheets-Sheet 1
Taf-ih W
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[email protected]
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April 29, 1947.
J. H. AssELlN
2,419,701
RAIL BRACE
Filed July 18, 1944
22
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7 Sheets-Sheet 2
April 29, 1947.
J. H. Asst-:LIN
' 2,419,701
RAIL BRACE
Filed July 18, 1944
56
17
'7 Shee‘lis--Shee‘l’i 5
April 29,4 1947-
J. H. AssELlN
2,419,701
RAIL BRACE
Filed July 18, 1944
56
'7 Sheets-Sheet 4
April 29, 1947.
J. H. ASSEUN
v2,419,701-
RAIL BRACE
Filed July 18, 1944
7 Sheets-Sheet 5
April 29, 1947;
J. H. AssELlN
2,419,701v
RAIL BRACE
Filed July 1a, 1944v
'r sheets-sheet s
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.wn
April 29, 1947.
J. H. AssELlN
2,419,701
RAIL BRAcE
Filed July 18, 1944
>'7 Sheets-,Sheet 7
Patented Ãpr. 29, 1947
2,419,701
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,419,701
RAIL BRACÉ
James H. Asselin, Winnetka, Ill'.
Application July 18, 1944, Serial No. 545,419
9 Claims. (Cl. 23S-_292)
l
This invention relates to rail braces for railway
track.
As a train approaches a section of track, it
sets up in tha-t track a vertical up-and-down
“wave” or “floating” motion of the rail. Here
tofore, rail braces have not, if at all, dealt satis
factorily with these motions. In known adjust
2
wedges or the like, are highly susceptible to wear,
rust and corrosion due to weather conditions and
salt brine. Many of them moreover are compli
cated by having too many parts, thus materially
increasing the original cost, the cost of installa
’ tion and the cost of maintaining proper adjust
able rail braces the objective has been to have
the assembly very rigid, with the result that these
ment.
n
These dili'iculties and disadvantages have been
overcome by the present invention and it is a `
motions were transmitted through the rail brace 10 primary object of the invention to accomplish
and tie plate to the tie or to the tie and ballast,
these aims.
with the result that excessive wear and pump
A further object of the invention resides in ,
ing of ties and ballast occurred. Prior designs, ` providing a rail brace which may be usedv on
based on rigidity of track, were unsound since
switch rails, in turnouts, spring frogs, guard rails,
rigidity could not be permanently maintained.
curved rail in track, and on tangent track. Other
Since rail wave motion is inherent in train
uses will suggest themselves to those skilled in
movement over track, the present invention is
the art.
Y
'
based on the importance and necessity of flexi
» Records show that a large percentage of rail
bility in track and aims to allow and control wave
road accidents are the result of too wide track
action instead of trying to eliminate it com 20 gauge. The gauge of track is frequently main
pletely.
tained by gauge rods which are connected to the
In accordance with the present invention such
base of one rail and with the base of the opposite
wave motion in a limited degree is permitted,
rail. They are insulated when-in a signal section
but is controlled above the tie plates, and only
area. Gauge rods have several defects. The in
a minor portion is permitted to transcend through
sulation fouls, especially in wet weather, thus
the tie plates into the ties or through the ties
short-circuiting the signalv system, but a more
to the ballast. By so controlling and limiting this
important defect is that the gauge Vof the bases
motion, the wear will ybe between the rail and
only of the rails is maintained without assuring
tie plate, or between steel upon steel. Thus wear
the gauge of the tops of the rails. The rail tops
on ties and loosening of ballast is greatly re 30 tip outwardly, thus throwing the rails .outof
duced.
,
As Will later be more apparent, the invention
incorporates a hinge action fastening means,
which provides the flexibility necessary to co
incide With the “wave” or “floating” action of the
rail.
-
Moreover, a brace stop is included that extends
downwardly over the tie plate and holds the
brace member continually in place. -This brace
stop assures continuous contact of the vbrace
against the rail, and prevents the brace member
from moving longitudinally with the rail when
thewedge is driven into place.
' ’
gauge. Where, asin curves, frogs, guard rails
and switch rails, the track is subjected ,to ab
normal thrusts, the gauge .of the rails thus fre
quently becomes too wide. In curves it has been
35 found that the outward or side thrust of the
wheels against the rail top sometimes >causes the
outer end of _the 'base plate. to cut into the >tie to
a depth of one-half (1/2) inch, This _may result
in widening the gauge, measured at the rail top,
40 as much as one (l) inch. The present invention
applied at these vsections of track will avoid these
disadvantagesof gauge rods and will prevent too
wide gauge.
'
Moreover, many adjustable rail braces are pro
In one preferred form the‘contacting surfaces i
vided With bolts and nuts. The latter must be 45 of the brace 4member and of the wedge are curved
tightened from time to time inasmuch as they
inA profile forming a _type of cylinder and socket
loosen with vibration. Some types also employ
joint which makes .possible a hinging movement
bolts which are inserted from the bot-tomv of the
of the brace member ` and permits a limited
base plate and are thus complicated and» costly
amount of wave motion of the rail to occur, The
to- install. In those types Vemploying a wedge 50 cylinder and socket joint provides Vthe’ Agreatest
. tightened by a bolt there is a real danger that
possible wearing ,area between brace member and
turning the bolt too tightly will `tilt the rail in
wardly.
‘
`
‘f
Still further, adjustable rail braces 'now known
and which use nuts and bolts or ratchet toothed
wedge, thus making the necessity _of adjustment
less frequent. "Moreover, Such a .cylinder and
socket' ,structure provides the (greatest possible
amount of `bearing -»surface to best withstand
2,419,7:11
3
4
stresses and strains in the device. It is an im
shown) may be driven into the tie to secure the
base plate to the tie.
The base plate || near its outer end is pro
an arrangement.
vided with a rectangular block |'| disposed trans
versely of the base plate. The block I1 may be
portant object of the invention to provide such
The invention also has for an object the pro
vision in one of its forms of a brace member
which engages the rail only beneath the head
integrally formed with the base plate or may be
welded thereto as shown. rI‘he inner edge of the
and for a short distance down the web, said brace
block |'| and the rail engaging surface of the
member being disposed in operation on a 45°
abutment |2 are parallel. For purposes of the
invention the inner edge of the block l1 is cut
line to provide a true bearing pressure against
the web above the weakest section of the rail
Where the greatest bending stresses are present
with a rectangular groove |8.
The reference numeral |9 indicates the brace
in the rail on curved track. The brace member
member proper. This is an irregularly shaped
in this form is urged toward the rail by a wedge.
member having a solid portion 2U, the base sur
The constant brace pressure against the upper
face 2|v of which is adapted to rest ñush on the
part of the rail web, maintains canted rails in 15 upper surface of the base plate ||. The solid
alignment with the bevel tread wheels. This
portion slopes upwardly toward the rail head.
provides true bearing on the rail head for greater
The upper end of such portion is adapted to en
wear.
gage the under surface of the rail head.
Another object 0f the invention resides in the
The brace member I9 has integral webs 22 dis
provision having an eXtra long canted base tie 20 posed in vertical planes. These extend below
plate. This distributes the bearing loads more
the sloping part of solid portion 2|) and are pro
uniformly over the tie contact area and pre
vided with lower edges such as 23,` which are
vents cutting into the ties, thus assuring greater
shaped to conform to, and which are adapted to
accuracy and providing for longer life.
engage the upper surface of the flange of the base
These and other objects and advantages of the 25 of the rail I3. It will be noted that the spacing
invention will become more apparent from the
of the Webs 22 is such as to permit the brace mem
following specification and claims when read on
ber I9 to engage the rail without interference from
the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is an end elevation of a rail brace con
structed in accordance with one form of the in
vention, the rail being shown in section;
the spikes I4.
The outer edge 24 of the solid portion 20 of the
30 brace member |‘9 is vertical but the line of the
edge is disposed at an angle with respect to the
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same;
rail I3. This outer edge 24 is cut with a rectan
Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the brace member;
gular groove 25, which is in the same plane as
Fig. 4 is a top plan view;
the
groove |8 in the block |`|.
Fig. 5 is a section taken on the line 5-5 of 35
The brace member I9 is provided on one side
Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is an end elevation of a modified form;
Fig. '7 is a section taken on the line 'I-'l of
portion with a laterally extending lug 26, which
has a downwardly projecting flange 21. When
the brace member I9 is in operative position, this
flange 21 is adapted to engage the side edge of
Fig. 8 of a preferred embodiment;
Fig. 8 is a top plan view of a preferred em 40 the base plate I I,
The rail brace structure is completed by a wedge
bodiment;
Fig. 9 is an end elevation of the same;
member 28, the side edges 29 and 30 of which
Fig. 10 is a side elevation of the brace member
have intermediate laterally extending tongues 3|
shown in Figs. 7 to 9;
45 and 32, respectively, of rectangular section.
Fig. 11 is an end view of the same brace mem
The wedge 28 is adapted to be driven in place
`
in a horizontal plane in such manner that the
tongues 3| and 32 are disposed respectively in
Fig. l2 Vis an end elevation of another form;
Fig. 13 is an end view of the brace member
the grooves I8 and 25. When so driven the side
edge 29 of the wedge and its tongue 3| are, of
and Wedge (separated) of a modified form;
Fig. 14 is an end elevation of still another mod 50 course, parallel to the inner edge of the block
Il. The other side edge 30 (of the Wedge 28)
and its tongue 32 are disposed with respect to
Fig. 15 is a top plan view of a guard rail structhe line of edge 29 at an angle complementary
ture embodying the invention;
Fig. 16 is a section taken'on the line
the edge 24 of the brace member I9.
55 to Obviously,
as the wedge is driven in place lthe
Fig. 15;
brace member I9 is forced against the rail vI3
Fig. 1'7 is an end elevation of a rail brace ac
cording to another modification, the wedge being
which it engages under the rail head and on
the upper surface of the rail base, as shown ¿in
shown in section; and
Fig. 5 for example.
s „
Fig. 18 is a top plan view of the same.
60
The flange 2'| on the lug 26 prevents the brace
Referring now more particularly to Figs, 1Y to
member I9 from moving longitudinally of the
5, inclusive, the numeral I0 indicates a railroad
rail as the wedge 28 is driven in place.
tie on which is disposed a metal baseplate ||.
The tongues 3| and 32 at the smaller end of
The inner end of the base plate || is of slightly
the wedge 28 are provided with a plurality of
greater thickness than the remainder of the base 65 vertical holes 33 (Fig. 4), which are staggered.
plate and is provided with a transverse rail abut
After the Wedge has been securely driven into
ment I2 for the rail I3. The abutment may be
place, a locking pin (not shown) may be passed
integral with the base plate, or may be welded
through the first hole not covered so as to pre
ber and wedge (shown separated);
iñcation;
‘
'
thereto as shown.
vent an accidental blow on the wedge from dis
The rail I3is secured to the tie by means of 70 lodging it and loosening the assembly.
the spikes I4 which are driven into the tie
In accordance with a most important feature
through openings I5 in the base plate || until
of the invention, the tongues 3| and 32 (see Figs.
the heads of the spikes engage the base ñanges
\,1 and 5) are of a rectangular section which is
of the rail. The base plate is also provided with
75 slightly smaller than the cross section of the
openings I5 through which additional spikes (not
ä..
6"
vgrooves i8 and" 25. In the early part of this
specification reference was> made to 'certain move"-l
Inents of the track section as a train approaches
and passes.` It was there stated that there is a`
vertical up and down “wave” or “floating” move
ment of the rail, which, in a limited degree, has
been found to be necessary. Heretcfore in railv
braces the-object has been to have the assembly
so rigid that these motions are transmitted`
through the .al
brace, and base plate, to the
ties and ballast.
In accordance with the present invention-by
reason of the slight clearance of the tonguesl 3l ‘
and 32 inthe grooves le and 2-5, a limited hing
i
spects‘., The- brace"rnemb'erl di has' portions iii'y
andy 43 which respectively’ engage the' under'
surface of the rail headand the upper; surface"
_ofthe base of theI rail. Moreover, theçlira'ëe
member d'l'is formed to receiv‘e‘one' or' morebölt's"
ddby'which the‘brace" membery may in addition
be bolted t0 the tìe'plate' I Él Ñ/Vhile it Í'S"be1ièved`
that b'olt's are not necessary to devices constructed'
in accordance with the invention, the railroads
' sometimes desire them.
It wnibe noted that in tnis'embödlme?t; like“
in `the others, the brace member"is‘providedwitli"
a‘lateral lug 'ââfhavirig> a' downWa’rolly'>` p?oje‘êtir'líg
ñan'ge 27 'adapted to’ Aengage tlie‘side' 'edge of ' the-
ing movement of the wedge is permitted, thus
tie‘plate H.
allowing movement of the brace member i9 as
the rail “waves” and “floats” At the same time
the gauge of the rail, particularly at the rail
„
In known rail braces’ which arebolted"totlli'e‘V
tie plate by means offbolts inserted fro'mfurfdèï-'i
neath the tie plate atight'fit is invariably prelV
vented because, as' the wedge isdrive?iandtlíe
head, is accurately maintained.
In Fig. 6 there is shown inside elevation a
modilied form which is identical with that 20= i. brace'` member moves ' slightly lo'n'g'itudi'nally,~ thef
top of the vbolts;a're‘n'io'ved’longitudinally sò as,`
shown in Figs. l to 5, inclusive, except forfthe
to become tipped ‘slightly'irom the"ideallvel'ticfalV`
form ci the brace member,
position. The nuts are then tightened with'ï'the
Inthis form the brace member Srl `is provided
bolts in ‘such position with the result thatfvib'räfa
with a rail engagingportion which engages the
tion from a few trair'rmovements"shift'theA bolts
under surface of the rail head and the upper por
back rto a vertical position,l and they thus'becom’ef’
tion only of the rail web, but at no other point.
loosened almost the` very‘day they are"ins`talled`."
The brace member .'ill’is provided with an inter
In’ accordance with this ` _embodime'nt'- of' the’
mediate strengthening web 35.
present invention the frange Z‘i‘ron lug,` 26"wil1"
t will be noted that the brace member is dis
' preventthe brace member from'moving"lungi-1V
posed substantially at a 45° angle to provide a
tudinally of the rail as> the wedge is driven “into‘l
true bearing pressure against the web at the
place; Hence, thebclts dil’wi'll bein the’ ideal`
weakest section ci the rail where the greatest
vertical position whenv -,then tightened. Thisteni»
bending stresses are present on curved track.
bodirnentof the invention thus possesses the adÍ-i
In Fig. 6, as in other embodiments to be de
vantage: of being a bolted brace which reasonably?
scribed, lilie parts are given the same reference
can be expected to be tight' upon»v installation>
numerals.
and which will not'become loosened'with the.
A preferred form of the invention is illustrated
flrst’several passages of'a train. This'is 'a veryl
in Figs. 7 to ll, inclusive. In this modiñcation
important consideration in the‘í'biolted'A typë'of
the brace member Se has a rail engaging portion
brace.
1
adapted to engage the under Surface of the rail 40
Another modiiication is illustrated in Fig. 13'`
head and the uppermost portion of the rail web.
rllhis modiñcation is identical >with that shown.'
Moreover, as in Fig. 6, the brace member is dis
inV Figs. 7 to l1, inclusive, except'ïthat'the con-A
posed on `a 45° angle. A strengthening rib 3l' is
tacting surfaces oi the brace'member'däraníd the
provided.
>wedge de are substantially < shaped in profile.
The principal differences in this embodiment,
however, reside in the shape of the contacting
surfaces of the brace member 35 and the wedge
member
The wedge 35 has its surface> 39
This type'iof construction has many advantages.
The same type of < shapedcontactingsui‘
faces is present in the modiñcation shown in;
Fig.' lll. Here, however, the brace Ymember 4l
f has portions ¿le and "le which respectively engage
theunder surface of the rail head and the upper`
surface- of the base of the rail.
The rail brace'described mayv be‘applie'dto
tangent, curved rail in track, switch rails 'in
which faces the brace member curved, and the
brace member has a complementary curved sur
face ‘lll adapted to be engaged by the curved sur
face 3&3 of the wedge.
lIt will be noted that these curved contacting
surfaces comprise a form of cylinder and socket
connection between the brace member 3l and 55 turnouts, springrfrogs' and guard rails, `as "well
as in other rail structure.` An applicatl'on'ioi‘
wedgeA 33t/hen the wedge is driven into place.
one form of the invention toa guardrail struc#
This cyiinder and socket connection allows the
ture‘ is illustrated ‘by way of example 'in Figs,>
brace member to describe a hinging action as up
l5 and 16.
and down wave motion of the rail occurs, while ‘
still enabling the device to maintain the gauge 60
ofthe rail head accurately.
This cylinder and socket connection provides
the greatest amount of bearing surface to bestV
withstand stress and strains in the rail brace.
The greater' the area of Contact between the .65
brace member and
wedge, the less frequently
the bracV need be adjusted. It will be noted that'
this type oi co il ection also provides 'the greatest
possible ‘.vearii area between brace member and
70
wedge and thus should reduce readjustments to
a greatV extent.
Theîmo'diiìcation illustrated iii-Fig. l2 also ‘hasV
thisfcylinder' and socket type ofA connection of '
Figs. 7 toll, inclusive, but differs'invother re--
In the top'plan view (Fig. l5), the main’rail ‘
se rests on [email protected] plates 5:. sa, es and se?
Base plate ei‘is provided -with an’abutrnent
5e `which one edge of the rail engages. The rail"
is spiked’to the tie> (not shown)l by the "spikes`
E5 which pass through openings in the ~Vbase 'plate ~
5l. This base plate also supports the 'endl ofthe"
guard rail 5l'. A rillerV block väíi'ïis4 provided 'be- `
tween the main rail 5e' and Athe guard `rail," _the
ñlle'r >block: being secured'to the'gu‘arduail' :by f
The sideedge oi vthe
>the bolt es and 'nut- ellp
guard rail engages an abutment’ßl, preferably
welded to the "base plate 5l, anda spike 62‘ pas‘sf-A
ingn throught-a-hole in the base plate 'securesm
A the` guard rail withïrespect tothe "tieîA
The maintien- st‘and' mascara' rail' 51' fa?ejjf'
2,449,701Y
also separated by another ñller block 63, which
is secured to the guard rail 51 by means of the
bolt 64 and nut 65.
ì
The base plates 52, 53 and 54 are similar to the
base plate lI of Figs. 1 to 5, inclusive, except
that they are longer and have a greater space
between the abutments 65 and the blocks 61 than
exists between abutment I2 and the block I1 in
Figs. 1 to 5, inclusive.
The brace members 68
rectangular section extending throughout its
length, a wedge adapted to be driven horizontally
between said block and said brace member, said
wedge having side surfaces complementary to the
adjacent surfaces of said block and said brace
' member, a rectangular sectioned tongue extend
ing laterally from the side surface of the wedge
adjacent said block for engagement Within said
groove when the wedge is driven into place, the
sectional area of said groove being slightly
and the wedges 69 in Figs. 15 and 16 may be iden 10 cross
larger than that of said tongue, the adjacent
tical with the brace members I9 and wedges 28
surfaces of said wedge and said brace member
of Figs. 1'to 5, inclusive.
being complementary in proñle.
These rail braces in Figs. 15'and 16 operate
2. A rail brace comprising, a base plate adapted
in the same fashion as those previously described
to
be disposed beneath a railroad rail, said base
herein, except that in this instance the brace 15
plate having a raised abutment for engaging one
members engage the guard rail and thus clamp
edge of the rail base, a block rigid with the base
that rail and the main rail between the abut
plate and spaced from the opposite edge of a
ments 66 and the blocks S1.
rail when said rail is disposed in place on said
It should be apparent that any of the forms
of the invention shown in Figs. 1 to 14, inclusive, 20 base plate, said block having a surface facing
toward said rail, a brace member for engaging
may be similarly employed for guard rails and in
the rail, said brace member being positioned be
other rail structures where rail brace means are
desirable.
Current day practice of rail inspection for de
tween the rail and said block and having a surface
facing toward said block, the facing surfaces of
fects and flaws is carried out with an inspection 25 said block and brace member being contained in
non-parallel planes, the surface of said block
facing said rail having a longitudinal groove of
rectangular section extending throughout its
an uninsulated rail brace, as on curves and the
length, a wedge adapted to be driven horizontally
like, would increase the magnetic ñeld and pre
vent accurate inspection with such equipment.
30 between said block and said brace member, said
wedge having side surfaces complementary to
The embodiment of the invention shown in
the adjacent surfaces of said block and said brace
Figs. 17 and 18 avoids this disadvantage. Gen
member, a rectangular sectioned tongue extend
erally, the embodiment is similar to that illus
ing laterally from the side surface of the wedge
trated in Figs. 7 and 8, but it provides an insu
lating member 'I0 which is disposed on the rail 35 adjacent said block for engagement within said
groove when the wedge is driven into place, the
head engaging portion of the brace member 36.
cross sectional area of said groove being slightly
Such insulating member 10 prevents the rail brace
larger than that of said tongue, the adjacent
from increasing the magnetic ñeld during the
surfaces of said wedge and said brace member
testing of the rail.
It will be noted that the insulating member 40 being provided with complementary profiles, the
upper portion of one overlying thevupper portion
'I0 also tends to reduce wear of the rail as well
of the other when the wedge is driven into place.
as of the brace member at the contact surfaces.
car provided with testing equipment operating
on the magnetic field principle. The presence of
3. A three piece rail brace comprising a base
The insulating member may be of any suitable
plate the upper surface of which is provided with
material which will accomplish these two pur
45 first and second abutments spaced from each
poses.
other and adapted when in operative position to
The embodiment of Figs. 17 and 18 also shows
be disposed on opposite sides of a rail with the
a modified form of joint between the block 1I
ñrst abutment engaging one edge of the rail base
and the wedge 12. The block is provided with
and the other being spaced from the opposite edge
a longitudinal recess or groove 'i3 which is frusto
conical in section and the wedge 'I2 is provided 50 of the rail. a brace member having a portion for
engaging the rail and a portion disposed on said
with a complementary frusto-conical sectioned
base plate, said latter portion having a side sur
ridge 14. The ridge 14, as will be seen, is slightly
face facing said second abutment, the facing sur
smaller in section than the groove 13.
faces of said brace member and said second
In other respects the embodiment is about the
55 abutment being contained in non-parallel ver
same as that shown in Figs. '7 and 8.
tical planes, a wedge having side Surfaces com
Many applications of the present invention will
plementary to the facing surfaces of said brace
now occur to those skilled in the art. The struc
member and said second abutment, a tongue and
ture disclosed herein may be variedwithin the
groove connection between said wedge and said
scope of the invention which is not to be limited
60 second abutment, said groove having a vertical
except as indicated in the following claims.
distance greater than said tongue and the con
What I claim is:
tacting surfaces of said brace member and said
>1. A railbrace comprising, a base plate adapted
wedge forming a pivot joint 'when the wedge is
to be disposed beneath a railroad rail, said base
driven in place in a longitudinal direction .be
plate having a raised abutment for engaging one
tween said brace member and said second abut
65
edge of the rail base, a block rigid with the
ment.
base plate and spaced from the opposite edge of
4. A three piece rail brace comprising a base
a rail when said rail is disposed in place on said
plate the upper surface of which is provided with
base plate, said block having a surface facing
first and second abutments spaced from each
toward said rail, a brace member for engaging
other and adapted when in operative position to
the rail, said brace member being positioned be 70 be disposed on opposite sides of a rail with the
tween the rail and said block and having a surface
first abutment engaging one edge of the rail base
facing toward said block, the facing surfaces of
and the other being spaced from the opposite
said block and brace member being contained in
edge
of the rail, a brace member having a portion
non-parallel planes, the surface of said block
facing said rail having a longitudinal groove of 75 for engaging the rail and a portion disposed on
2,419,701
said base plate, said latter portion having a side
surface facing said second abutment, the fac
10
facing surfaces of said brace member and said
second abutment being contained in non-parallel
vertical planes, and a wedge having side surfaces
complementary to the facing surfaces of said
brace member and said second abutment, and
ing surfaces of said brace member and said sec
ond abutment being contained in non-parallel
vertical planes, a wedge having side surfaces com
elementary to the facing surfaces of said ‘brace
tongues extending laterally from said wedge and
member and said second abutment, a tongue and
adapted to be disposed in said grooves as the
groove connection between said wedge and said
wedge is driven into place in a longitudinal direc
second abutment, said groove having a vertical
between said brace member and said second
distance greater than said tongue, the surfaces 10 tion
abutment, said groove formed in said second abut
of said wedge facing said brace member having
ment having a vertical distance greater than said
a longitudinal groove substantially < shaped in
profile, and the surface of said brace member fac
tongue cooperating therewith.
7. A rail brace as deñned in claim 3, the space
ing said wedge having a complementary contour.
on said base plate between first and second abut
5. A three piece rail brace comprising a base 15 ments being greater than the thickness of a main
plate the upper surface of which is provided with
rail, a guard rail and an intermediate filler mem
first and second abutments spaced from each
ber,
whereby the brace member may engage the
other and adapted when in operative position to
guard rail and through the ñller member brace
be disposed on opposite sides of a rail with the
the main rail.
first abutment engaging one edge of the rail base 20
8. A rail brace as defined in claim 3, said base
and the other being spaced from the opposite
plate having spikevopenings for rail spikes and
edge of the rail, a brace member having a portion
for engaging the rail and a portion disposed on
said brace member having spaces on its under
side in alignment with said spike openings, where
said base plate, said latter portion having a side
by said brace member may be positioned snugly
surface facing said second abutment, the facing 25 against a rail with the rail spike located in said
surfaces of said brace member and said second
spaces.A
v
abutment being contained in non-parallel, ver
9. A rail brace as defined in claim 3, said wedge
tical planes, a wedge having side surfaces com
comprising a single piece member, said brace
plementary to the facing surfaces of said brace
member comprising a single piece member, and
member and said second abutment, a tongue and 30 the engagement of said Wedge between said sec
groove connection between said wedge and said
ond abutment and said brace member compris
second abutment, said groove having a vertical
ing the sole securing means for said wedge.
distance greater than said tongue, the facing
JAMES H. ASSELIN.
surfaces of said wedge and said brace member
being provided with complementary angular pro 35
ñles for centering the wedge and brace member
REFERENCES CITED
The following references are of record in the
as the wedge is driven into place.
file of this patent:
6. A three piece rail brace comprising a base
plate the upper surface of which is provided with
UNITED STATES PATENTS
first and second abutments spaced from each 40 Number
Name
Date ’
other and adapted when in operative position to
be disposed on opposite sides of a rail with the
first abutment engaging one edge of the rail base
and the other being spaced from the opposite edge
of the rail, a brace member having a portion for 45
engaging the rail and a portion disposed on said
base plate, said latter portion having a side sur
face facing said second abutment, said last-named
surface of said brace members having a groove
of rectangular section. the facing surface of said 50
second abutment having a similar groove, the
1,370,302
1,713,060
Gibbs, Jr. ________ __ Mar. 1, 1921
Stiles ____________ __ May 14, 1929
2,057,160
2,257,853
710,152
1,495,392
1,426,772
1,478,558
2,257,853
837,175
O’Neill ___________ __ Oct. 13,
Olds ______________ __ Oct. 7,
Jaques __________ _- Sept. 30,
Batson __________ __ May 27,
Rapp ___________ __ Aug. 22,
Edwards __________ __ Dec. 25,
Olds ______________ __ Oct. 7,
Anderson ________ __ Nov. 27,
1941
1941
1902
1924
1924
1923
1941
1906
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