close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

код для вставки
1111163, l947-
v
~ v
w.Y,ouNG>
`
2.»’14215400/
DOOR SEALING ARRANGIEJMENTl
FiIeçiJune s, 1944
2 jSmets-sheer 1
June 3,1947.~
>
\
.w. YOUNG
I
2,421,400
DOOR SEALING ARRANGEMENT
v
\`
è
` 26
¿ma
gmc/Mm
www.:
2,421,400
Patented June 3, 1947
UNITED STATES PATENT
orrlcE ’
2,421,400
DOOR SEALING ARRANGEMENT
william Young'washin‘gton, D. C.
_
‘ Application June 3, 1944, Serial No. 538,670
8 Claims.
1
My invention relates to door sealing arrange- ,
ments and its principal object is to provide metal
(Cl. .Z0-69)
2
nected by suitable hinge members 3 to a bulkhead
4 and any suitable means, such as the we11 known
board, either into or out of separate compart
pivoted dogs 5, shown in dot and clash lines in
Figure 1, may be employed for locking or secur
ments or structure, by way of doors or hatch
ing the door in closed position.
to metal resistance to extension of ñre on ship
covers.
_
A strip of relatively flexible sealing material 0
of the desired substance is mounted on the inner
A primary feature of the invention consists in
face of the door adjacent the marginal flanges
providing metal means adapted to resist the pas
thereof and it is adapted to be compressed inter
sage of ñre from one side of a ship’s door to the
other which may 'be easily installed or applied 10 mediate its edges by a rigid flange 'l surrounding
the door opening. This sealing material can be
after the door is hung' or placed in position and
connected to the door in any of the Well known
which may be applied to the doors of most ships
or suitable manners heretofore employed.
now in service and in production without making
In the form ofthe invention shown inl Figures
any modification in the structure of those doors.
Another feature of the invention consists in 15 1, 2 and 3, the sealing material is connected toA
providing plate-like means` rigidly mounted
around a door or hatch for overlapping the outer
edges of the door or hatch for resisting the pas
sage of fire from one side of « the door to the
the door by a pair of laterally spaced oppositely
arranged angle membersßV and 9, respectively.
»Angle 8 is spot welded or connected in any other
desired manner, to the marginal flange of the door
20 while angle 9 may be similarly connected to a bar
other.
or plate-like member I0 which is secured, as 'oy
A further feature of the invention consists in
welding for example as indicated at Il, to the
providing plate-like means which is capable of
door adjacent the inner side edge of the sealing
being mounted on the door frame or hatch coam
material. For sakeV ofvclarity, angles 8 and 9
ing for cooperatingl with the outer edges of the
25 have been omitted from Figures 1 and 2.
door or hatch to resist the passage of fire.
The rigid flange 1 which surrounds the door
Other features of the invention, residing in
opening for cooperating with the sealing material
advantageous forms, combinations and relations
of parts, will hereinafter appear and be pointed
out in the claims.
In the drawings,
Figure 1 is a front View of a bulkhead door and
is shown in Figures l, 2 and 3 as being an integral
part of the bulkhead. The locking or securing
dogs 5 force the door inwardly with respect to
the rigid flange a sufñcient distance to compress
frame embodying the invention, the lower part of
the door being omitted to show more clearly parts
nthe sealing material and thereby render the door
edge of the door and the adjoining portions of the
for overlapping the outer faces of the marginal
toflî‘igure` 3 each embodying slightly different
respect to the marginal flanges of the door and
satisfactorily water-tight. The extent to which
one type of sealing material may be advanta
on the bulkhead which are cooperable there
35 geously compressed is indicated in dotted lines in
with.
Figure 3.
`
\
Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view of the
For resisting the passage of fire from one side
door and bulkhead shown in Figure l.
of the door to the other, metal means is provided .
Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional view of one
40 flanges of the door. This means is of such c0n-~
bulkhead.
~
struction that it can, in effect, telescope with
Figures 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 and are views similar
thus not interfere with closing of the door and
forms of the invention.
compression of the sealing material. In the form
The invention is' shown in the> drawings as
applied to bulkheads and their associated doors 45 of the invention illustrated in Figures 1, 2 and 3,
the means for resisting the passage of fire corn
but it will be apparent to those skilled in the art
prises a flat structural bar i2 which is spaced from
that the invention is not limited to use with bulk
and arranged in parallel relation with the rigid
head doors but can be used with equal effective
flange of the bulkhead. The'inner edge of this
ness and facility with closures of any type em
50 bar may be secured in any suitable fashion, such
ployed on ships, for example, hatch covers.
as by welding as indicated at I3, and its outer" end
Referring more particularly to the drawings and
portion is adapted to be in overlapping relation
specifically to the embodiment of the invention
with the outer face of the marginal flanges of the
shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3, l indicates a metal
door when the rigid flange of the bulkhead inidoor having inturned marginal flanges 2. The
door islshownjin Figures 1 and 2, pivotally con 55 tially engages the sealing material. The degree
2,421,400
3
4
of overlap between the outer portion of the bar
I2 and the marginal flanges of the door will, there
fore, be as great as the initial amount of overlap
at, such a great distance from adjoining ship
structure that the use of a bar or plate, such as
I2, 22, 24 and 29 in Figsl 3, 4, 5 and 6, respectively,
plus the amount the sealing material is com
pressed. The inner corner of the outer edge of
bar I2 may be rounded, if desired.
might not seem suitable.
In Figure 4 a slightly different door structure
is illustrated. Here the sealing material is se
cured to the door at its outer edge'by an in
illustrated in Figure 4 and the member 3l for
resisting the passage of iire is a structural Z bar.
In the form of the invention illustrated in Fig
ure 7, the door construction is the same as that
The Z member is connected to the rigid flange
tegrally offset portion I5 of the marginal flange 10 32 surrounding the opening by spot welding or
otherwise securing its inner leg 33 to said flange
I6 and at its inner edge by an angle I'I which
in such position that the outer leg 34 of the Z
is connected to one flange of a larger angle I8
will project outwardly into overlapping relation
which may be secured to the door in any .suitable
with the outer face of the marginal iianges 35
manner and whose other flange is interposed be
tween the sealing material and the door. More 15 of the door. The outer ñange is of such depth
that it may telescope with the door such distance
over, the rigid flange 20 which surrounds the dooi` ,
as is necessary to enable the flange to cooperate
opening is welded, as indicated at 2l, to the bulk
with the marginal flanges of the door in the same
head instead of being formed integrally-there
manner and for the same purpose as bar I2 of
with.
The'structural bar >22 shown in Figure 4 co 20 the embodiment of the invention shown in Fig
operates with `the outer face of the marginal
ure 3.
It will, of course, be recognized that by using
flanges I6 of the door in the same manner and
a member of this character the flange which co
Ior'the‘sameï purpose as bar I2, inthe previously
acts with the outer face of the marginal flanges
described form of the invention, cooperates with
'themarginal flanges of the door I thereof.
25 of the door may be easily bent from its normal
position, as indicated in Figure 7, to provide the
In the form of the invention illustrated in Fig
exact clearance which will permit‘operation of
ure 5 showing the same character of door con
the door and yet which will resist passage of ñre
struction as that of Figurev 4, the means for co
operating with the outer faces of the marginal
from one side of the door to the other.
flanges 23 of the door Vconsists of a plate member 30'
In Figure 8, the eiîect of a Z member is obtained
by welding or otherwise suitably securing two an
gie bars back to back. In such construction, the
leg 36 of one of the angles is secured to the rigid
` 24 which'is thinnerthan lthe bars I2 and 22 of
Figures 3 and 4 but to give it substantially the
same rigidity as those 'bars against lateral de
-flection or bending-its outer end portion is curved
'
flange 31 surrounding the door opening in such
as indicated at 25. Itis arranged to’cooperate 35 manner that the outer leg 38 of the other angle
may overlap the outer face of the marginal
with the marginal ñanges of the door in the same
`
manner and for the same purpose as the cor
ñanges of the door and cooperate therewith in
respondingbarslZ and 22.
the same manner as the outer flange 34 of the Z
-
member in Figure '7. The advantage of employ
In Figure 6, the invention is shown as embodied
in'a door construction wherein the bounding or 40 ing a built up Z member as in Figure 8, instead
of the integral one as in Figure 7, is that the two
' marginal flanges of the door> are not disposed at
¿right angles to the'main body of the door. Here
parts of the built up Z can be so connected that
the inner and outer legs thereof may be disposed
` an integral channel-like member 26 is secured
in any desired spaced relationship.
_'in any advantageous manner to the edge portions
of the door and in order that the sealing material 45
In the form of the invention illustrated in
Figure 9, the member for resisting the passage of
l2l may be retained therein without any extrane
flre is a reversely bent plate 40.
' ous means, either or both of the legs or flanges
28 may converge toward each other. Means 29,
like the bars I2 and 22 of Figures 3 and 4, re
l
This plate is
connected directly to the rigid flange 4I surround
ing the door opening so that the outer one of
spectively, may be employed to cooperate with 50 the two reversely bent portions 42 opens out
the outer leg of the channel in much the same
wardly away from the bulkhead or hatch. 'I'he
outer leg 43 of this portion is adapted to overlap
fashion and for the same purpose as the bars I2
and" 22 cooperate with their respective doors.
the outer face of the marginal flanges 44 of the
However, when the outer leg of -the channel is
door in the same manner and for the same pur
oblique with respect to the body of the door as
pose as the outer leg 34 of the Z member in Fig
shown, it is not possible to obtain the same de
ure 7. The distance between the two free legs
gree of telescoping action as where the marginal
of a reversely bent member of this character may
ñanges are normal to the door but all telescop
be easily varied, if necessary, to meet different
ing movement ordinarily required between the
conditions.
With a bar or other means here described for
ñre resisting member and the door can be ob~ 00
resisting the passage of fire from one side of the
tained by bevelling or inclining the inneríface
door to the other by coacting with the outside
of the outer portion of the bar, as indicated at 30,
edges or bounding flangesv of the door or other
to the same angle as the outerface of the in
clined ilange.
closure, the amount of clearance between the fire
In the forms of the invention illustrated in 65 resisting means and the door for best meeting
operating requirements ‘can be definitely and
Figures 7, 8 and 9, the means which overlaps the
easily determined. Moreover after being once
outer face of the marginal flanges of the door to
experimentally determined for a particular type
resist the passage oi’ ilre is secured to the rigid
flange surrounding the door opening for com
of door, the necessary amount of clearance can be
easily reproduced when the fire resisting means
pressing the sealing material, instead oívto the
is subsequently applied to doors of the same type
wall of the bulkhead or to the 'deck adjoining
by merely employing a suitable temporary means
the hatch, >as shown in the other embodiments of
of thel required thickness which will afford an
the invention. Mounting the -flre resisting means
actual bearing for fitting purposes against the
in this manner is particularly desirable in those
coacting edge of the door or hatch, Upon re
cases when the closed door or hatch. is disposed
2,421,400
5
moval of the temporary means, such for example
as shlms or even palper, the desired condition of
operating clearance _will Athen exist. It is thus
seen that normal operation of the door and effec
tive functioning of the fire resisting arrangement
can be readily assured,
i
Furthermore, by providing a fire resisting
means which overlaps the outer surface of the
bounding edge or flange of the door, it will be
apparent that its use will require no change or °
alteration in any part of the door structure. In
fitting the fire resisting means to the door, this
can be done when the door is in the position of
6
separate plate-like means immovably mounted
with respect to said rigid flange and disposed in
spaced relation thereto capable of being fitted
with respect to the closure after it is hung for
overlapping the outer face of said marginal
flanges when said rigid flange initially contacts
the sealing material, said means being adapted to
permit the closure to telescope therewith and
being in such closely contiguous relation with
said marginal flanges as to resist passage of fire
from one side of the closure to the other when
the sealing material is compressed.
4. A sealing arrangement for closures having
inturned marginal flanges’comprising a strip of
relatively flexible sealing material on the inside
of the closure adjacent said marginal flanges,
a. rigid flange surrounding the opening to be
closed by the closure for compressing said strip
of sealing material intermediate its side edges,
and a separate plate-like member capable of be
closure it assumes when the sealing material
thereof first engages the flange surrounding the
door opening or in\ any other further position of
closure wherever the bounding flanges are nor
mal to the body portion of the door but when the
marginal flanges are oblique to the body portion,
as in Figure 6, the fitting can be properly accom 20
ing fitted with respect to the closure after it is
plished only whenthe door is in tightly locked
hung having its inner end mounted in spaced re
position.
lation to said rigid flange and its outer portion
Various changes in the details of door construc
adapted to overlap the outer face oi said margin
tion described and of the particular means de
.al
flanges when the outer end of said rigid flange
scribed for connecting the various parts thereof 25
initially contacts the sealing material, said
may,» of course, be made without departing from
means being adapted to permit the closure to
the spirit and scope of the invention defined in
telescope therewith and being cooperable with
the appended claims.
said marginal flanges to resist passage of fire
What I claim is: 4
l. A sealing arrangement for closures having 30 from one side of the closure to the other when 'the
sealing material is compressed.
inturned marginal flanges comprising a strip of
5. A sealing arrangement for closures having
relatively flexible sealing material on the inside
inturned marginal ñanges comprising a strip of `
of the closure adjacent said marginal flanges, a
relatively flexible sealing material on the inside
rigid flange surrounding the opening to be closed
of the closure adjacent said marginal ilangesa
bythe closure for compressing said strip of seal
rigid flange surrounding the opening to be closed
ing material intermediate its side'edges, and a
by the closure för compressing said strip of seal
separate member immovably mounted with re
ing material intermediate its side edges, and a
- spect to said rigid flange capable of beingfltted
separate flat bar substantially parallel with said
with respect to the .closure after it is hung for
rigid flange and mounted in spaced relation
overlapping the outer face of said marginal 40
thereto capable of being fitted with respect to
flanges when the outer end of said rigid flange
the closure after it is hung, the outer end por
initially contacts the sealing material, said mem
tion of said bar being adapted to overlap the
ber being so formed to enable the closure to move
outer face of said marginal flanges when said
inwardly with respect thereto to compress said
rigid flange initially contacts said sealing mate
45
sealing material and being spaced in such closely
rial and being arranged in such closely contigu
contiguous relation with said marginal flanges
ous relation with said marginal flanges when the `
as to resist passage of fire from one side of the
closure to the other when the sealing material
is compressed.
sealing material is compressed as to resist pas
sage of ñre from one side of the closure to the
2. A sealing arrangement for closures having 50 other.
6. A sealing arrangement for closures having
inturned marginal flanges comprising a strip of
inturned
marginal flanges comprising a strip of
relatively flexible sealing material on thelnside
relatively
flexible sealing material on the inside
of the closure adjacent said marginal flanges, a
of the closure adjacent said marginal flanges, a
rigid flange surrounding the opening to be closed
by the closure for compressing said strip of seal 55 rigid flange surrounding the opening to be closed
by the closure for compressing said strip of seal
lng material intermediate its side edges, and a
ing material intermediate its side edges, and
separate member immovably mounted with remeans capable of being fitted with respect to the
spect to said rigid Aflange capable of being fitted
with respect to the closure after it is hung hav
closure after it is hung for resisting the passage
of fire from one side of the closure to the other.
ing a portion adapted to overlap the outer face 60 said
means including a member having opposite
of said marginal flanges when the outer end of
ly projecting' flanges one of which is secured to
the rigid flange initially contacts the sealing ma
terial, said portion being substantially parallel ' said rigid flange and the other of which is adapt
ed to overlap the outer face of the marginal
with said marginal Afianges and being spaced in
ilanges of the closure when said rigid flange ini
such closely contiguous relation with said mar , tially
contacts the said sealing material, the last
ginal flanges as to resist passage of fire from one
named flange of said means being arranged to
side of the closure to the other when the sealing
permit inward movement of the-‘closure and be
material is compressed. l
ing disposed in such contiguous'relation thereto
3. A sealing arrangement for closures having
inturned marginal flanges comprising a strip of 70 when the sealing material is compressed as to
resist passage of ñre from one side of the closure
relatively flexible sealing material onA the inside
to the other.
of the closure adjacent said marginal ñanges, a
’7. A sealing arrangement for closures having
rigid flange surrounding the opening to be closed
inturned marginal flanges comprisinga strip of
by the closure for compressing said strip of seal
ing material .intermediate its side edges, and 75 relatively flexible sealing material on the inside
2,421,400
of the closure adjacent said marginal ñanges, a
rigid ñange surrounding the opening to be closed
by the closure for compressing said strip of seal
ing material intermediate its side edges, and a
Z-shaped member having oppositely projecting
flanges, one of the flanges of the Z being rigidly
connected to the outer side of said rigid flange
and the other of said flanges thereof being adapt
ed to overlap the outer face of the marginal
flanges of the closure when said sealing material
initially engages said rigid flange, the last named
versely curved member having oppositely extend
ing ñanges, one of said ñanges being connected
to said rigid flange and the other of said flanges
being adapted to overlap the outer face of the
marginal flanges of the closure in such closely
contiguous relation when the closure is fully
closed as to resist the passage of fire from one
side of the closure to the other.
WILLIAM YOUNG. i
flange of the Z-shaped member being arranged
REFERENCES CITED
so as to permit the closure to move inwardly with
respect to said rigid ñange so as to compress the
The following references are of record in the
file of this patent:
sealing material and being spaced in such close
ly contiguous relation with said marginal flanges
of the closure as to resist passage of fire from
one side of the door to the other.
8. A sealing arrangement for closures having
inturned marginal flanges comprising a strip of
relatively ñexible sealing material on the inside
of the closure adjacent said marginal ñanges, a
rigid flange surrounding the opening to be closed
by the closure for compressing said strip of seal
ing material intermediate its side edges, and a re
UNITED STATES PATÈNTS
Number
Name
Date
2,264,426
Young ___________ -_ Dec. 2,1941
2,197,824
763,484
1,960,920
Young ___________ __ Apr. 23, 1940
Hausfeld et al ____ -_ June 28, 1904
Plym ____________ __ May 20, 1934
FOREIGN PATENTS
Number
423,176
Country
"
Date
France ____ _______ __ Dec. 2, 1941
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
714 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа