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Patented July 22, 1947
Hugh Doud Smith, United States Army,
Richmond, Va.
Application September 19, 1944, Serial No. 554,831
3 Claims.
(01. 259-54)
(Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as
amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757)
The invention described herein, if patented,
proximately 76% water and 24% solid matter.
may be manufactured and used by or for the
Government for governmental purposes, without
the payment to me of any royalty thereon.
If the containers which hold the milk and which
are usually in the form of cans are not turned
at least every 60 days so as to agitate the milk,
the solid matter tends to settle to the bottom
paratus for handling and turning packing cases.
of the container, the result being that the milk
It is an object of the invention to provide a
not only loses its ?avor but is apt to spoil.‘
method and apparatus for rocking articles of
The practice customarily followed in ware
merchandise in order to invert them.
houses for agitating cases packed with evaporated
Another object of the invention is to provide a
milk is to periodically invert the individually
method and apparatus for turning a plurality of
packed cases by hand. As a result, a great deal
packing cases containing bottles, jars, boxes or
of time and labor is consumed, particularly in
cans; the contents of which require periodical
Government depots where large quantities of
evaporated milk are stored for the armed forces.
Another object of the invention is to provide a 15 Referring to Figure l, the apparatus for tum
method and apparatus adapted to be used par
ing or inverting the loaded pallet comprises a
ticularly in warehouses for inverting a plurality
cradle 4 consisting of a base or body member
of cases packed with food such as evaporated
5 provided with runners or rockers 6, preferably
arcuate in shape. Various other shaped rockers
A further object of the invention is to provide 20 or runners may-be used, however, without de
a method and apparatus for agitating the con
parting from the spirit of the present invention.
tents of a plurality of packing cases held be
In order to add rigidity to the cradle and at
tween upper and lower pallets.
the same time provide an additional surface to
A still further obpect of the invention is to
which the runners may be attached, braces 1,
provide an apparatus for inverting a plurality of 25 positioned longitudinally of the body member
packed cases which is of extremely simple and
5 are provided. Braces 8, preferably extending
economical construction and which vmay be
transversely of the longitudinal members 1, may
This invention relates to a method and ap- '
readily operated.
be notched or recessed at 9 so as to ?rmly en
gage and thereby make a tight ?t with the mem
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the turning 30 bers 1. One end of the braces 8 may be con
nected to the runners 6 by any suitable fasten
Figure 2 is a side elevational view of the turn
ing means 8'. The other end of the braces are
ing device connected to a pallet load, being partly
preferably connected to the back or body mem
broken away at the lower portion.
ber 5 by means of bolts l0 and nuts II. By hav
Figure 3 is a rear elevational view of the turn
ing the braces ‘I extend to substantially the upper
ing device connected to a pallet load.
edge of the runners 6, considerable strain is
Figure 4 is a front elevational view of the turn
taken o? the runners at their outer portion where
ing device connected to a pallet load.
they are subjected to the hardest use.
Figure 5 is a diagrammatic view of the turning
The cradle 4 is ?rmly attached to the pallet
device in position to be attached to the pallet 40 load by means of a clamping device. The clamp
ing device comprises plates or arms I 4 having
Figure 6 is a diagrammatic view of a pallet
one of their ends recessed at l5 and adapted to
load with the turning device attached in posi
receive and hold the threaded portions l6 of a
tion to be turned.
supporting member I‘! by means of nuts [8. It
Figure 7 is a diagrammatic view of a pallet 45 will thus be seen that the rod I1 is connected
load with the turning device attached and con
to one end of the arms or plates [4. The other
tacting the supporting surface.
ends of the members M are bifurcated at l9 so
Figure 8 is a diagrammatic view of the device
as to receive a rod or like member 20 connected
shown in Figure 5 after it has been attached
to the bifurcated portions l9 by means of nuts
to the pallet load and the pallet load inverted. 50 or the like 2|. Chains 22 having one of their
In the storage of evaporated milk, particularly
ends connected to the rods 20 and the other
in warehouses, it has been found necessary in
end connected to a conventional fastening mem
order to preserve the milk that it be periodically
ber, preferably a pivoted clamp 23, are used in
turned at least every sixty days, the reason for
order to form an adjustable connection between
this being that evaporated milk consists of ap 55 the rods 20 and the clamp 23.
Referring to the drawings:
2,424, 258
prising a base, spaced rockers extending per
pendicularly from said base, a pair of parallel
invention a plurality of cases I packed with con
edges in said base normal to said rockers, each
tainers of food which require periodical turning
of said edges being recessed for the reception of
such as evaporated milk are stacked upon a pal
let 2 of the type customarily used in warehouses. 5 releasable fastening means adapted to pass
through and beyond said passages in said pallets
Another pallet}, preferably identical in construc
Referring to Figure 2, in practicing the present
tion with'the‘pa'llet 2, is placed upon'the topside
vrand to encircle said stack.
of the uppermost case. The arms I4 "of the
clamping device are inserted through the recesses.
articles assembled into a stack with topwise and
" 2. In an apparatus‘ for inverting one or more
24, which are formed in substantially the center .10, bottomwise placed pallets having passages ex
T‘t'endingil'engthwise therethrough: a cradle com
of the top and bottom of the ‘memberv 5: and :are
prising a base, spaced rockers extending per
in more or less alignment. The arms M are then
from said base, a pair of parallel
passed through the ends of the upper and‘lower,
edges in said base normal to said rockers, each
pallets until the supporting member I‘! contacts
“of said edges having a recessed portion for the
the ?anges or spacing members 25 ofitheplates'
reception of releasable fastening means adapted
26 which are secured to the body 5 by any suitable
'to‘p'ass through and beyond said passages in said
fastening means 21. The clamp 23 is then‘lo'cke‘d
;pallets:and to encircle said stack, and a pair of
in position and thus draws and ‘holdsthe'upper
spaced‘ ?anges reinforcing said recessed portions
pallet 3 to the lower pallet 2 and at the ‘same time
?rmly holds the Cradle or turning device to the 20 and extending therefrom in the same direction
'7 as said rockersas bearing surfaces for said .fas
pallet load.
_-The purpose of the flanges 25 which are prefer
tening means:
3. Apparatus for inverting one’or more articles
assembled-into a stack with topwise and bottom
member-5 when theclamp is in-locked- position; 25 wise placed pallets having passages extending
lengthwise .therethrough, said apparatus com
~ As a result- of the supporting member I‘! .beingiout
combination: -a'cradle having' .a base.
of contact ‘with the body member~5,>little or no ‘ prising-in
spaced rockers extending perpendicularly from
strain is ;put upon the body member when the
said base, said base' having two parallel edges
~ clamp or fastening member. 23-is in locked posi
“ $30 normal to said rockers, each of said edges having
. tion.
ably of metal, are to space or hold the supporting
7' member 11 from contactingwith the base or-body
After the clamp is securedto the pallet load, it‘
is merely necessary to rotate or turn the pallet
lo'adupon the rocker 6 until the load is inverted
--a recessed portion, and releasable fastening
means’ for encirclingly. securing said stack tosaid
base, said fastening .means including parallel
arms extending through and beyond said recessed
and the originalbottom or supporting pallet-be
comes ‘the top pallet‘of the load and the original :35 portions of said base and having free ends insert
able through said pallet passages to'extend" be
top-pallet becomes the bottom or supporting pal
yondsaid pallets.
let for the load. By referring to Figures 5-8, it
will be seen. that by this procedure, the packing
cases have been turned 180° and as a result the
containers in the packing cases have been agi- ":40
' Theifollowing.references'are of record in the
‘?le of , this’ patent:
-_While I have shown-and-described a simple-and
preferred form' of carrying my invention into
'practice,‘it is to be understoodthat various
changes in the size, shape, and ‘arrangement of‘45 "Number
- parts may be resorted to without departing from
vthespirit'of the invention or the scope of'theap
pended claims.
I claim:
v1. In an- apparatus for inverting ~one.or:=more
articles assembled into a stack with topwise and
“ bottomwise ‘placed pallets having "passages-ex
tending lengthwise therethrough: a cradle'com
Doty '_ ____________ __ May 8; 1888
‘ .Coon-e't a1 ________ __ Nov. 11, 1962
Dunn ___________ __;,Sept.-24‘, 19.29
Daniell __________ __‘ Sept. 1,19, 1922
Shiffner _-_' _______ __'Mar.. 18,192}
‘ 1,967,683
'Shwenk __________ __ Decfi; 19,26
Ostran‘der __‘ ______ __‘ July 24,1934
‘Burke ___,_____*_____ _.May 3, 1938
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