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Oct. 14, 1.947. `
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|_l H, GATTER
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Filed June l21, 1944
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2,429,054
wINDow AND sAsH UNI'II 0R ASSEMBLY >
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Oct. 14, 1947.
2,429,054
L. H. GATTER
WINDOW AND’SÃSH UNIT 0R lASSEMBLY
` Filed June 21, 1944
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IN VEA/TOR
I Patented Oct. 14, 1947
2,429,054
UNI-TED sTATEs PATENT oFEicE
2,429,054
WINDOW AND SASH ÚNIT 0R ASSEMBLY
Louis H. Gatter, St. Louis, Mo.
ApplicationJune 21, r1944, Serial No. 541,364V
1
4 Claims.
This invention relates> to improvements in win
dow and sash assemblies, and- has particular ref
erence to the conventional and- slidable. double
sash unit as mounted- within a,> suitable window
frame provided with separate guide-ways for the
outwardly positionedupper sash and the inwardly
positioned lower sash. The present invention
comprises certainM additions,> modifications and
improvements upon my co-pending application,
Serial Number 531,137, filed April 15, 1944.
The primary` object of the invention is to pro~
vide, in a double sash window unit, the sashes
being mounted thereinto slid'ably pass each other
in the frame, a window. frame formed with outer
guide-ways for- the outer and upper sash and
inner guide-ways for the inner and lower sash,
the said outer guide-ways being inset relatively.
(Cl. 20-43)
2
more than the outer guide-ways,- thus demark
ing the guide-ways ateach side of the frame by
ledges or shoulders, and there being chain-ways
formed along the said. guide-ways, inner and
outer sashes corresponding in width to the width
of the guide-ways and slidably mounted therein,
the inner and wider sash thus having an abut
ment and support at each side against the said
ledges of the frame for preventing it from out
ward displacement from the frame, stop strips
at the` outer sidefof the frame to prevent the out-v
ward displacement of the outer and narrower
sash, chains or the like extended along through
the saidchain-ways of the guide-ways, over pul
leys at the topof the frame and weighted at their
outer ends in conventional manner, the inner
ends of the chains being disposed at the side
rails of their respective sashes, means connecting
these inner chain endsv with their sashes, and
dial parting strips beingcmitted, the outer guide
ways being thus defined by the lateral facing> 20 means utilizing the said chain-ways of the guide
to the inner guide-ways, or in other words po
sitioned somewhat closer together, the usual me~
ways for releasably holding the sashes> to theirstrips of theA frame and the outer stop strips
normal operative position in the guide-ways, the
thereof, and the inner guide-ways being defined
conventional medial parting strips and inner stop
by the lateral and more widely spaced facing
strips of the frame thereat and by the resultant 25 or guide-strips of the frame being omitted, where
by the two sash in lowered position may be tilted
ledges providedvat each side of the frame by the
freely and horizontally inward for cleaning and
relative insetting of the facing stripsdeñning the
thereafter replaced to normal position.
outer guide-ways as compared with the wider
With the aforesaid objects in view, together
spacing of the facing strips deñning the inner
guide-ways, the usual inner guide-strips or stops 30 with such other objects and advantages as may
appear from the specification, attention is di
being omitted, whereby both they lower sash and
the lowered upper sash may be freely tilted in'
wardly and horizontally for cleaning, and then
rected to the accompanying drawing as illustrat~
ing certain preferred embodiments and struc
tural features of the invention, and wherein:
replaced to their normal’ operative positions in
Figure 1 is an inside elevation of a window
the frame.
35 frame and double sash unit as constructed in
Another object of the invention is to provide
accordance with this invention, the sashes being
in a double sash window unit including a pair of
shown as closed.
sashes slidably mounted' in an oblong frame to
slide by one another in opening or closing the
Figure 2 is a sectional detail on an enlarged
same, said sashes being mounted in outer and 40 scale, taken on the line 2~-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a sectional detail on an enlarged
inner guide-ways of the frame,l the medial part
sca-le, taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 1.
ing strips of the frame being omitted and the
Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional detail on
inner sash guide-ways being widened relative to
an
enlarged scale of the lower, right-hand cor~
the outer sash guide-ways and the inner sash stop
strips being also omitted, whereby the sashes may 45 ner portion of the assembly shown in Figure 1,
the sashes however being represented as lowered
be tilted horizontally for cleaning, releasable
and tilted horizontally inward for cleaning.
means for normally holding the sashes to their
Figure 5 is a detail View in perspective and on
operative position within their guide-ways,V said
means comprising channels or grooves formed
an enlarged scale of one of the follower or guide
along the guide-ways, and elements movably se 50 blocks for slidably mounting in the chain grooves
or channels formed along the sash guide-ways of
cured to the side rails of the sashes and adapted
the window frame, and to which the sash chains>
to be protruded into or retracted from the said
or ropes are secured at each side of the sashes.
channels of the. guide-ways, the widened inner
Figure 6 is a similar detail view in perspective,
guide-ways forming ledges or abutments at eachl
on an enlarged scale, of o-ne of the pivot attach-.
side of the frame for supporting the wider inner 55 ment blocks, which are also slidably mounted in
sash in position.
the chain channels of the frame and to which
Still another object of the invention is to pro
the lowerfends of the sash chains or ropes are
vide an oblong window frame having laterally
secured at each side, these blocks in turn being
spaced inner and outer sash guide-ways, the
pivotally secured to the lower ends of the side
inner guide-ways being spaced apart somewhat 60 rails
of the sashes.
' `
2,429,054
sash is tilted inwardly and horizontally across the
window sill, and thus supporting the sash in
proper position for cleaning. In the present em
bodiments of the invention the usual chain
grooves or channels as formed along the outer
edges of the window sashes are dispensed with,
and in lieu thereof rectangular chain channels or
grooves 2e, Zea, are routed out or formed medially
along in the side rails of the frame, medially of
the inner and outer guide-ways I1, I1a, and the
inner ends of the chains II, IIa, as passed over
Figure 'l is a view similar to that of Figure 1,
the frame and sash structures being essentially
the same, but certain modifications being embod
ied in respect of the sash chains and their ac
cessories and method of mounting, and in respect
of the means for releasably holding the sashes to
their normal upright and operative positions in
their guide-ways of the frame.
'
Figure 8 is a sectional detail on an enlarged
scale, taken on the line 8--8 of Figure 7. »Y
‘
Figure 9 is a sectional detail on an enlarged
scale, taken on the line 9-9 of Figure '7.
Figure 10 is a fragmentary sectional detail on
an enlarged scale of the lower, right hand corner
their pulleys I2, I2a, are trained along down
through the channels 2D, 20, and are properly po
sitioned alongside the side rails of the sashes.
In accordance with the invention and as illus
portion of the assembly shown in Figure 1, the
trated in Figures l to 4, oblong'pivot and attach
sashes however being shown as lowered and tilted
ment blocks, or pivotal attachment blocks 2| are
horizontally inward for cleaning.
provided, the same being rectangular in form and
The drawing represents a window frame re-j
adapted to seat within, nicely fill, and to slide
ferred to generally at 5 in Figures 1 to 4, and at
freely along through the chain Achannels 20.
Ecrin Figures 'l to 10, the same being of the usual 20 These blocks are pierced at their lower ends with
elongated and rectangular form, and including
pivot pin holes 22 and at their upper ends withV
the sill pieces 6, 6a, side rails 1, 1a, seated upon
chain'engaging holes 23, the upper margins of
the _ends of the sill, and the upper cross pieces of
the holes >23 being split or parted as shown, for-
the frame as‘indicated at 8, 8a, all of substantially
conventional structure, with ,exceptions to be
noted. Such frames are usually formed with ver
tically extended weight and chain wells or shafts
9, 9a, for accommodating, the sash weights II), lila
and chains II, ‘I Ia, of such assemblies, the said
chains or ropes in lieu- thereof being passed over
pulleys I2, I2a, rotatably mounted within slots
formed in conventionalv manner in the top cor
ners of the frame. Conventionally the two sashes
of such an assembly are slidably mounted within
guide-ways of equal depth formed in the verti
cally positioned frame, said guide-ways being de
fined byvinner and outer guide-strips or stops and
receiving 4a flat-chain‘lin-k. Pairs of these blocks
are pivotally pinned by pins or screws 24 to the
lower ends ofthe .sides of the sashes I4, I5, in
transverse alignment. ThenV with the sash
weights IB in proper elevated position for oper-`
ating the sashes in raising and lowering them,
30
the inner ends vof* the chains'II are secured to
the upper ends of the blocks 2I by passing a flat
chain link down through the parted margin of
each 'of the holes 23 .of the blocks, and then turn
35 ing the- linktransversely` within the hole; thus
locking it in place, as indicated at 25 in Figure 4.
Of course any othermethod as'd'esired, may be
medial parting strips, all extended in parallely re
lation from top to bottom of theframe, at each
side thereof and conventionally securedthereto.
employed for securing the'chains to'thelblocks.
The advantage of the described method lies in
40 the fact that the chains may be‘readily removed
for repair, replacement or adjustment.
Similar oblong and rectangular follower'blocksV
or >guide blocks 26 are provided for'likewise slida
bly mountingÍ withinthe'chain'channels 2ï) of the
D1n accordance with the present invention how
ever, the inner and lower sash I4, Illa, is slightly
wider-than the Vupper sash I5, I5a, and the inner
guide-ways II5,_'I6cL„¿a1'~`eV made correspondingly
guide-ways 16,11. These" blocks `are formed with
the' `medial andV vlongitudinally extended> chain
grooves 26a and are pierced .with spaced‘and in-'
teri'orly threaded bores 26b'upon` their inner mar
wider than the outer guide-ways I1, I'Ia, for slida
bly receiving the wider lower sash I4, the upper
and outer sash I5, I5a, being similarly slidably
mounted -within the vouterv guide-ways I1, I1a.
This variance in the width ofthe guide-Ways may
o_fH >course be accomplished in'any conventional
gins as mounted in the chain channels. `Chain
50 lock pins 21 are medially and rigidly seated within
the grooves 26a, these pins being adapted to pass
through any selected links `of vthe'sash chainsV II
for holding the blocks ñxedly in any adjusted po-`
manner, as by routing out the side membersfof
the frame or by the addition of strips upon the
outer margins or sides ofthe frame.A Thus lthere
sition upon the chains. These-adjustments are
so made that with the sashes I4, I5 closed, and,
are provided at each side of the window frame,
'the ledges, shoulders or corners» I 6b, Iîìc, for slida
bly supporting at its outer vertical corners the
lower sash I4, Ida, andthusenabling dispensing
with the usual medial parting strips at this point.
In accordance with this invention the outer stops
or guide-strips I9, I9a,r_which denne the outer
marginsof the outer guide-ways, are mounted
permanently in place, for preventing the upper
sash from falling outward, although this sash
maybe lowered and tilted freely inward. Also
it is obvious that the lower and inner sash may
be freely tilted inward, due to the omission of the
usual inner guide strips or stops.
In accordance with the invention the lower ends
of the salient outer portions of the side rails 1,
the sash weights I0 properly elevated'for operat
ing the sashes in the usual manner, then the
blocks 26 as supported upon the chains within
GO
the chain channels 20, will depend sufiiciently be
low the upper endsof the sashes to allow suíii~
cient clearances for the chains at the pulleys, as
shown in the drawing (Figure 1)
With the blocks
26 thus properly locatedm'upon thechains, with the
chain grooves 26a turned inwardly towards the
sashes, then oblong and thin latch plates 28 are
mounted transversely over the grooved sides of
the blocks by means of set screws 29 passed
through the inner ends of the plates and into the
bores 2Gb, said bores being formed upon the inner
margins of the blocks for this purpose and so
1a, of the frame 5, 5a, from the corners or ledges 70 that the outer ends of the plates 28 may slidably
lGb, I6c, outward, are cut away flush with the
overlie the outer margins of the chain channels
faces of the inner portions of the frame, as in~
20, for holding these blocks properly in place, all
dicated at 1b, 1c (Figures 4 and 10), thus pro
as shown in Figure 3.
viding stops or abutments 1d, 1e, forl engaging the
75 ~ ,Snap spring latches 30 are provided, each latch
lower end of the lower sash. I4., 14a, when the
2,429,054
5
comprising a pai-rior narrow and elongated leafv
springs 33a', spaced apart at their outer ends and
set pull rods or bolts 26e are passed horizontally
and' slidably through bores Mb, I5b, in the side
thereat secured edgewise upon a flat cross-piece
3Ilb. 'I'hese latches are secured to the latch plates
rails of the sashes, the same being provided at
their outer ends with axially extended pins 26d,
28V by- screws 3I- passed through the cross-pieces
the arrangement of these elements being such that
with the said sashes positioned vertically in their
guide-ways, in operative position, then the pins
26dv will enter the chain channels 20a at the
inner sides of the chains IIa, and will nicely bear
and into the outer ends- of the plates. The free
ends of the springs 33a are directed horizontally
inward overv the plates 218', their inner ends being
turned towards one another and their extremities
then ñared slightly asund‘er, as shown at 30e in
Figure 3».
against the inner margins of the channels, as
The sashes I4, I5, are .shallowly recessedl out
shown in Figure> 9, thus preventing the sashes
from falling inwardly. However, by merely pull
upon their lateral edges in spaced relation to their
upper ends corresponding to the downward spac
ing of the guide-blocks 26 as mounted as described
ing the bolts 26e inwardly against the action of
-their springs, the pins 26d are withdrawn from
the chain channels, and the sashes may then be
upon the chains II, thus providing flattened re
readily pulled inwardly and lowered horizontally
cesses 3'2 positioned >in exact lateral alignment
With the guide blocks 26. These recesses 32 are
for cleaning, as in the first described arrange
ment.
extended straightly out through the outer cor
`
If found necessary the'outer lower corner of
ners of the sashes, and are thus adapted to
smoothly receive and seat the complementary 20. the upper sash I5, I5a, may be rounded olf as
indicated. at IEC, to prevent the otherwise angu
latch members 33 which are of thickness nicely
lar corner from digging into and injuring the
to ñll the said recesses. The latch members 33
outer stops or guide-strips I9, 19a, of the window
are mounted in place in the recesses 32 by means
of screws 34 passed through their base flanges
frame.
and into the inner margins of the recesses, as 25
shown in Figure 3. The latch members 33 are
formed-with pointed or spear shaped heads 33a,
which are aligned with and adapted to press in
between the inner flared extremities of the
springs 30a, when the sashes are forced outwardly
in their guide-ways to their normal vertical po
sition, thus releasably locking the sashes to their
normal operative position in the frame. The de
scribed and complementary latch members are 35
of course so formed and co-operatively mounted
in place upon the sashes and frame respectively,
that when the sashes are raised or pushed back
to their normal vertical position and the latch
parts are pressed together in intermeshed rela
tion, the sashes will then be .supported by the
latches snugly up against the outwardly posi
tioned margins of their guide-ways and will be
'
`
Y
It is thoughtthat from the foregoing descrip
tions.. the construction. and mode of operation of
thewindow and sash units Vof this invention will
be readily- understood, and while I have here
shown andy described certain preferred embodi
ments of the units, and certain preferred struc
tural:` features thereof, these said structural fea
tures may be changed or modified, within the
scope however of the appended claims.
Iv claim:
.
1. In a Window frame and double sash assem
bly of inner and outer sashes slidably mounted
in a frame in guideways thereof, and supported
on weighted sash chains connected at their inner
ends with the side rails of the sashes and extend
40 ed over pulleys in the frame in conventional man
slidably held in place within their guide-ways
by means of the guide-blocks 25 which nicely but 45
slidably ñll the chain channels I I in respect of
ner, the said guideways however having chain
channels formed medially there along for engag
ing the sash chains and the inner sash guideways
being spaced farther apart than the outer sash
guideways for forming ledges at the sides of the
frame for supporting the inner sash at that outer
side, whereby the inner sash may be tilted freely
inward for cleaning, and the outer sash similarly
tilted and supported upon the inner sash, means
described, when it is desired to wash or clean
the said sashes, all the operator need do is to 50 for supporting the inner sash to its inwardly tilt
ed position, and means for releasably supporting
lower them and then to pull their upper ends
the sashes to their normal operative position in
inwardly into the room, taking iirst the lower and
their guideways, said means comprising follower
inner sash I4 and lowering it horizontally, to
blocks slidably mounted in the chain channels
which position it is held by virtue of the lower
of the guideways and connected to the sash
end of the sash abutting up under and against the
chains above the connections of these chains with
stops 'Id of the frame while the body of the sash
rests upon the sill 6, In this operation the sash
the sashes, and complemental, intermeshing latch
parts mounted on the follower blocks and on the
pivots upon the pivot blocks 2I, as shown in Fig
sash side rails respectively, said latch parts being
ure 4. Similarly the upper and outer sash I5 is
separable for releasing the sashes for tilting in
then pulled out and laid down horizontally upon
ward, as stated.
the lower sash I4 for cleaning.
2. In a window frame and slidable double sash
the sashes are returned to vertical position and
assembly, the frame including a lower sill and
their cross-sectional dimensions.
Thus in respect of the frame and sash assem
bly or unit as shown in Figures 1 to 6, and as just
65
laterally spaced side-rails, the side-rails being
formed with separate guide-ways for the inner
and outer sashes by spacing the inner guide
ways farther apart than the outer guide-ways
scribed assembly. However the pivot blocks 2I
and thus providing defining ledges at each side
and the guide-blocks 26 are omitted. In lieu
2I the inner ends of the sash 70 of the frame for the inner sash to abut against
and slide upon, the inner lateral margins of the
75
guide-ways over the
channels thereof, by which arrangement the.
2,429,9566.
8
frame of rectangular formation, a Window sash
sashes may be tilted freely inward over the sill
for' cleaning, releasable means utilizing the said»
vchannels of the guide-ways for supporting the
of rectangular formation slidably mounted with
sashes to their normal, operative position in their
guide-ways, said means comprising latches
nels over which the sash moves, sash chains eX
mounted upwardly upon the side-rails of the
sashes, and elements slidably mounted within the
channels of the guide-Ways and adapted to auto
gated guide blocks slidably mounted within said
in the Window frame, the side rails of the frame
being formed with laterally aligned chain chan
tended through the said chain channels, elon
chain channels the same being grooved through
longitudinally for passing the sash chains there
matically and releasably engage the said latches
through, studs seated Within thegrooves of the
of the sashes as the latter are raised to their nor 11() guide blocks for releasably engaging the sash
chains at adjusted points, and complemental
mal upright and operative position in the frame.
3. In a Window frame and slidable double sash
latch members upon the guide blocks and side
assembly of the kind described land including lat
rails of the sash whereby the sash may be auto
erally aligned guide-Ways for the sashes, the said
matically latched to its normal, operative posi
tion in the frame by pushing the sash to the
guide-ways having chain channels formed medi
ally therealong, and including inner and outer
frame, and reversely may be un-latched by pull
sashes slidably mounted Within the guide-ways
ing outwardly upon the latched end of the sash.
over the chain channels thereof, sash chains
LOUIS H. GATTER.
passed through the said chain channels, elon
gated guide blocks slidably mounted Within said 20
chain channels the same being grooved longi
tudinally for passing the sash chains there
through, means for releasably locking the sash
chains Within said grooves of the blocks at any
adjusted point, and complemental and inter-en
file of this patent:
and upon the side rails of the sashesadapted to
automatically and releasably latch together as
the sashes are raised to their normal upright and
loperative position in the frame and to dis-engage 30
4. In a device of the kind described, ’a Window
UNITED STATES PATENTS
25
gaging latch members upon the said guide blocks
through pull upon the upper ends of the sashes
for permitting the sashes to be tilted down in
wardly for cleaning 'or other purpose.
REFERENCES CITED
The following references are of record in the
Number
763,747
1,071,852
1,332,361
1,423,629
1,582,618
1,530,610
2,204,909
Name
Date
Goddard ________ __ June 28, 1904
Worst ____________ __ Sept. 2, 1912’
Schebora __-________ __ Mar. 2, 1920>
Siegfried _________ __ July 25, 1922
Nevison __________ __ Apr. 27, 1926
Ortleb ___________ __. Mar. -24:, 1925
Pascuzzi _________ _- June 18, 1940
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