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COIN ACTUATED RELEASING MECHÀNISM
Original _Filed March 18, 1941
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
' Nl l lu u#
„26,
y. f5»
ATTORNEYS.
vOct. 14, 1947.
'I
52,429,148"
c. W‘ILDER'
' COIN ACTUATED REILEAS'ING MECHANISM
original Filed March 18, 1941
'
È Shee1',sA-Shee’rI 2 v
.is
.
Q5', .41
J7
INVENTOR
»40M
ATTORNEYS
Oc't. 14, 1947.
_
c. WILDER
`
2,429,148
COIN ACTUATEDI‘RELEASING MECHANISM
Original VFiled March 18, 1941 lC5 Shèeté-Shèet 3
lNvENToR.
. BYÉnJ, @Ü , W ¿m4/»4J
ATTORNEYS.
Patented Oct. 14, 1947
UNITED vS'I‘A'l'liS PATENT `OFFICE.
42,429,148
m
COIN ACTUATED RELEASING MECHANISM
¿Charlton Wilder, Cincinnati, Ohio, assignor of
>-`fifty per cent to Albert Price, University City,
vMo.
Original application March 18, 1941, Serial No.
>`383,991, now Patent No. 2,380,093, dated July
51'0, 1945. Divided and th’s application March
.'29, 1944, Serial No. 528,558
4 Claims. (Cl. .1M-55.)
1
This invention relates to vending machines of
the type adapted te >dispense merchandise upon
insertion vof coi-ns or change. This application
is a ~division ,loi-my copending application Serial
No. -383,991, iiled .March 18, 1941, now Patent
Number 2,380,093, issued .July 1-0, 1945, entitled
2
In the drawings:
Figure 1 is aside view of the coin released lock.
Figure 2 is a side view of the lock similar
to Figure l but with some of the bars broken away
to show the carriage.
Figure 3 is .a sectional view taken on the line
3-3 of Figure 2 further illustrating the slide car
Dispensing machine, .and it Iis directed particu
riage.
larly to a coin vactuated releasing mechanism
Figure 4 is a fragmentary view taken on the
which is operable in the pending Vof articles
through various combinations of coins »of difier 10 line 4-4 of Figure 1.
Figure 5 is a sectional elevation taken on the
ent value. Throughout the balance of this speci
line,`
5--5 of Figure l. showing the >arrangement
iioation, operation with ,nickels and -dimes is
of `the link elements for the bars.
referred Ato whereby. articles being sold at twenty
Figure 6 is a horizontal sectional view taken
cents .may be purchased through insertion of two
on
th'e 4line 6-6 of Figure 1.
dimes, :four nickels, or twonickels Yand one dime, 15
Figure 7 is a side view of the lock showing the
Whilearticles 4being sold in the same machine
dime side of the mechanism,
at fifteen cents are vended upon insertion 0f
Figure 8 is a view similar to Figure 1 with the
three nickels or vone nickel and one dime. It is
carri-age in the forward or locked position show
to .be understood, however, that this reference to
coins and pricesis illustrative `only, and that the 20 ing `coins `of a smaller value, for example nickels,
in ,operatingA position.
apparatus may be constructed to operate in simi
Figure 9 .is a view similar to Figure 8 showing
lar manneroncoins of »other value.
the carriage moved rearwardly >and thus un
The device is .intendedfor use in -cooperation
locked.
with a vending and ejecting .machine which nor
mally .is locked and which isreleased only after 25 Figure 10 is a sectional view similar to Fig
ure 5 showing a modiñed form of the lock.
coins oía suitable value in various combinations
Figure 11 is a diagrammatic viewillustrating
havebeen inserted into thecoînactuated >releas
the interlinkage of the latch fingers for twenty
ing mechanism herein '.disclosed. One v‘typical
cent Operation, for example, with four nickels.
Vending mechanism with ywhich-.the .present ap
Figure 12 is a diagrammatic view illustrating
paratus may be used `is- disclosedin the aforesaid 30
operation similar to that disclosed in Figure 11
parent application.
but with only two coins each of twice the value,
Briefly, the _present mechanism isa device for
for instance twenty-cent operation with two
totalizing coin .diameters in which a plurality 0f
dimes.
iingers for accumulating fthe measured coin .di
ametersis utilized. Thesefmgers are .divided yinto 35 v.Figure 13 is a diagrammatic View showing op
eration with two coins Veach of smaller value and
groups, one for coins fof a given value, others >for
one coin twice their value, for example, twenty
coins of a different value .anddiiierentdiameten
The ñngers are liftable by cams which are ar
~ cent operation with two nickels and one dime.
Figure 14 is 'a diagrammatic view illustrating
ranged to engage the coin .peripheries and the
fingers for the coins `of .differentvalue ¿are inter 40 a modified for-m of operation with one coin of
smaller valueand one coin of larger value, for in
connected with one .another .for V.release of the
stance, ñf-teen-cent operation with one nickel
mechanism Vonly when coins of :a predetermined
and one dime.
total value have been inserted.
Figure 15 vis a diagrammatic View showing an
Normally the :lingers of the mechanism 4lock it
against releasing movements. However, when 45 operation similar to Figure 14 with three coins
of smaller value, for example, ñfteen-cent oper
all of the .lingers or certain of them are lifted,
ation with' three nickels.
‘
a releasing action is obtained through' which the
In general, the coin actuated release is com
dispensing mechanism .of .the machine is un
prised of a stationary member and a movable
latched and the purchaser is enable to operate.
it. There are further features .and advantages 50 member. There are a series of latches, one or
all lof which prevents movement of the movable
of the present mechanism .shown in the draw
member with respect to the stationary member
ings in which -a _preferred embodiment of the
until they are released. The coins are stacked
improvement is illustrated, and in the Yfollow
upon one another in the mechanism, and, as pre
ing speciñcation in which the structure of the
drawings is described in detail.
55 viously described, the peripheries of the coins
2,429,148
are utilized to lift fingers which release the
latches.
In the preferred structure there are three
latches: two of these are operable by nickels, the
other by a dime, and the latch-releasing fingers
Vare arranged to totalize the coin diameters.
However, to accommodate different combinations
»
4
Figure 1; that is, locked. In this position, the
lock bar blocks withdrawal of any one of the dis
pensing carriages.
When the slide carriage is
unlatched and free to move, the lock bar is free
to be swung out of the way by withdrawal of
one of the carriages. After the dispensing car
riage is returned to its inward position, the lock
bar, and consequently the slide carriage, since
they are interconnected by the swingable arm 35,
the mechanism are cross connected so that a
be returned to the locked position by appro
dime may exert the equivalent functionof two 10 may
priate springs or a counterbalance.
nickels in latch-releasing at the nickel side, and
For illustrative purposes, the two side members
two nickels may exert the equivalent latching-re
23
and 24 of the slide carriage will be termed
leasing function of a dime at the dime side of
“nickel” and “dime” sides respectively. The
the machine.
The latching mechanism is adapted to be fas 15 nickel side 23 is best shown in Figure 2. The
nickel side has four longitudinal slots cut through
tened to an inner wall at one side of a package
it.
These slots, from bottom to top, are desig
dispensing machine on appropriate brackets. In
nated as 31, 38, 39 and 4D respectively.
the instance shown, the mechanism is positioned
Toward the back edge of the nickel side mem
at the right hand side of the machine. It is be
ber,
the outer plate of the two comprising the
20
lieved that specific installation of the mechanism,
side member 23 is bent outwardly to constitute
in relation to the operating mechanism of any
a vertical chute 4| running from the top to the
dispensing machine to which the latch is adapt
bottom
of the member. This chute 4| is only
able, will be readily apparent to those skilled in
of coins, making up, say, a total of twenty cents, '
the latch fingers at the nickel and dime sides 0f
large enough to permit a nickel to pass through
the art.
The mechanism comprises, generally, a frame 25 and allow enough clearance to prevent jamming.
The other side member 24 of the carriage is simi
28, a slide carriage 2| which is slidable on the
larly
coniigurated providing a dime chute as at
frame, and a plurality of latch fingers or bars 22
42, but in this instance, there are only two lon
pivotally journalled at their forward ends on the
gitudinal slots 43 and 44.
frame. The slide carriage 2| comprises two side
30
A latch finger 22 is installed in each of the
members 23 and 24 formed in each instance by
longitudinal slots. Each latch linger comprises a
Y a. pair of plates. The slide carriage is preferably
U- or channel-shaped head piece 45, one wall of
rectangular in shape and the two side members
which is extended forwardly constituting an arm
are fixed in spaced relationship at the four cor
ners thereof by Yfour spacer elements 25 secured 35 46 which terminates in a fork 41. The fork of
each latch linger straddles a side wall of the for
to the side members by bolts 26.
ward vertical end channel v21 and is pivotally
The frame of the latch mechanism comprises
journalled thereon as at 48.
two vertical end channels 21 and 28, one at each
The bottom of each latch finger at the head 45 »
end, two horizontal guide bars 29 and 3?, at the
top and bottom, and a base plate 3|. The upper 40 of its channelled portion, is cut out intermediate
the ends thereof to provide a slot 49, leaving two
guide bar 25 is threaded at both ends and is held
marginal strips 50 and 5| at the forward and
to the two end channels by appropriate nuts.
rear edges. The latch fingers are installed so
The lower guide bar 30 may be fixed to the base
that the slots 49 are aligned with the vertical
plate 3| and to the two end channels 21-28 by
coin chutes 4|, on the nickel side, and 42, on the
welding, bolts, or other means.
45 dime side, when the slide carriage 2| is in the
The carriage is slidably mounted between the
forward or locked position. At this time, the
upper and lower guide bars 2S and 30 on the
head
pieces 45 rest on the bottom edge of the
spacer elements ‘25. The spacer elements are
respective longitudinal slots.
short stub shafts, each having a pair of collars
The nickel side latch fingers are opposites of
32-32 which straddle the guide bars. A cam 50
those at the dime side of the unit; that is, the
plate 33 is fixed at the forward end of the slide
arms 46 of both the nickel and the dime bars
carriage. The cam plate is disposed centrally of
extendalong the 'outside of the side members 23
the two side members 23 and 24 and is fixed to
and 2-4 and the head pieces extend toward each
the carriage on the forward pair of spacer ele
ments 25. The lower edge of the cam plate 33 55 other into the respective longitudinal slots. For
reference purposes, the latch fingers will be in
may ride on the lower guide bar 30.
dicated at N-|, N-2, N-B, and N-4 from bot
Cam plate 33 is adapted to be engaged by a
tom to top on the nickel side, and D-I and D-2
roller 34 rotatively journalled in the end of a
from bottom to top on the dime side.
swingable arm 35. The swingable arm 3-5 is in
On the nickel side of the slide carriage, it will
turn keyed to the end of a rod 36. When the 60
be noted that the lowermost longitudinal slot 3'!
slide carriage is unlatched, it is free to be moved
and the uppermost longitudinal slot 4U are pro
by the arm 35. The cam surface of the plate 33
vided
with shoulders 52 and 53, respectively, in
is of U shape so that the reverse movement of the
their lower edges intermediate the ends thereof.
swingable arm will. return the slide carriage to
the “lock closed” position. In the copending ap 65 On the dime side a similar shoulder 54 is provided
in the lowermost slot 43 only. These three shoul
plication, Serial No. 383,991, filed March 18, 1941,
ders 52, 53 and 54 constitute the lock elements
by the present inventor, the `connection of the
of the latch mechanism. The shoulders are for
swingable arm 35 with a. package dispensing
wardly of the head pieces of the’latch fingers.
mechanism through the rod 36 is disclosed. Thus,
rod 3S, as shown in that application, comprises 70 With all or any one of the three latch fingers
N-I, N-4 or D-l resting on the lower edges of
the axle of a lock bar which extends longitudi
their respective longitudinal slots, upon slight
nally of the vending machine in front of a plu
rearward movement of the slide carriage the
rality of dispensing carriages to act as a gate.
shoulders abut the marginal strips 50 of the head
When the lock plate is in the upright position,
pieces
and lock the slide carriage against sub
the swingable arm 35 is in the position shown in 75
stantial rearward movement. Therefore, to un
¿affamata
.6
_
.-.cabinet . ïinutp'sshown) ¿and ihave 'za .knob Lipíïlnëd
clock ithe iislide :carriage r ,so fthat :',it V¿isîrîfneefrto the
thereto so that it can be grasped.
»frnoved-V completely. reinwardly,l it-iis inecessarylifor
Therëlease
ïplateiislheldzattitsnnward'.position, againstïstop
„all :three .of -.the ‘latch :barsfN-l ,î N-A -: and .2D-el
ipins €131, byfzaëspringx'lìñ around;the'f.rod l2~posi»_,tof;be;raised above the:levelzof:thezshouldersî52,~;53 ¿<5 Vítionecl
'ïbetween ¿the-Harige 'fzl‘l ¿and ‘thefzfront :wall
'fandßl
r-:of îthe :cabinet
-The ,present v:inventor .has -_provided ¿links the»
To zîrelease .the coins from?the.
4TNerticalzrcîhu'tes -¿without operating lthe:dispensing
mechanism," t'he'; operatorfpulls out onf’the‘arod .1.2,
¿tween- the -.variousflatchíingers. hBy'ïthis> arrange
.ment,;diiîerent combinations ofîcoinsi‘have equiv~
.ffalentifuncticnsin‘unlatchingithezthreegëlocksfcon-
istituted .byväthe ¿three :shoulders e512, ää'ïanii '515.
into a slide, indicated generallyfatîiß; whichrcom
Three;linksfarefprovided. .~Alink-.äßfisiñxeditorthe
-municates _withïtheftdelivery tray i (notz'shown) at
ithe v front fof 'L'.theî housing ‘cabinet ~to :return-.the
.head toftlatch'.fingerl‘N--rt'y andfîextendsy downwardly
to carry a foot fâ'l-.whichsengages under the'fhea'dfof
kfcoin'sitofthe operator.
».-latch '. ñnger :D-.J . Therefore, 'when :latch finger
15
f 11).. A linkfSB‘isiixedïtoïthe 'head of ‘latchii'higer
.D-.`2*and-'extends-îintow'liftable engagement v:with
fla‘tch ñnger îN«-'I andwflnger Tbl-«4. Therefore,
¿To ‘fthe :'-frear “fof ‘fthe 'coin ~-'release ¿plate Ffßîß fibe
1»heath theends'îof'rtheîcoin slots' 65 »andi 6B in the
.ibase> plate-:3 l ,'faì: coinachute -1'1 " is -provided : which
v:_cornm-lmi'ca‘tes with '.a "coin collection :box -inot
f-.shown-). 'Theref'oregwhen the carriage isreleased
220
I~and. lthenlmovedÁ rearw.ard1y,"the` coins inthe Verti
N--4 are also lifted (Figure l2). Aflinkeäìtjour
fcalß'coin’î chutes'ît l ‘fandf'lä2 »are 'moved off `the sup
.nailed onsthe head" `ofilatchüîrlger rN-î2,1:extends
Cp‘ort -:provided Iby ~the ïcoin 'release' plate `l68 :and
>upwardly - and ‘is’ turned ?over at Vits 'upper f andato
î'ifall intoï't'her- chutes fconfmcunicatingl >withîthe :coin
.liftably tenga-ge the »head »of ¿latcht?inger ïN-‘IL
¿collection box.
Therefore,A whenfñngerîN-Zaisl lifted; finger iN-àß
The coin chutes, by which the coins' reachthe
.isïalso lifted `@Figure 113). Linkv>59 is pivoea‘lly 5:25
elatchin'g device' from ithe 'conventional 'openings
4xjournalle‘d fon' latch iìnger'-l N-.2 îand iis ,urged'îin
A» (not shownìiatfthe fronto'fftheîmachineg‘in which
‘wardly --for engagement >>with Vthe latchfbar ‘EN-"r4
Y.When latchfñnger DëZxiSi’lifted, ñngers'zN-ilcand
zthe 'ccins‘fare "inserted `‘bythe “ purchaser, and a
:coin testing' device; installed in :these - chutes, ifor
»59 sandfextends upwardly ‘on theV outside Y:of 'fthe ¿30 ¿detect-ing ‘slugs and "counterfeit J coins, are 'nòt
s'shownìherehsincetheir"ccnstructicn and vuse 'are
ëlînk, 1' then’ inwardly lto fengage ¿the Í link -‘near »its
by~a=~leaf springfü'û. ’Theleaf spring?sfastenedfto
:the :latch - bar >`l\T-2 Y:below ‘the'_.pivot ’for ith'e flink
`upperend.
l:wv-ell known in fthe fart. `The1ends of theïnickel
andí'dirne ¿chutes are'> shown only fragmentarily
The :link'fäâwis effective y'only'wheniless than
three nickels areiutilized. 'fWhen:atthirdînickelíis
ëïthe “vertical '1 coin chutes “ in "the . slide 'icar
.inthevertical coin _chute ’.41 ,zatlock-nutfrod .ESI is '535 îabove
-riage îwhenz it "is in 4ithe 'îforward `or " locked :posi
actuated to î.swing vthe ijpivote‘dîlink ¿outwardly
tion.
»i
¿against the ¿pressure :of --spring" B0. ->.This‘ílockernit
'îïhellatchsmechariism, ¿shown in’ Figures il itc-1.9,
,rod @B I >iis ¿secured -to 'ìthe ;forward y.vertical ‘zend
iis-'adapted- t'o‘: operate yTonfall .possible îcornbinati‘ons
»channel :27 Àand ‘ »extends horizontally >îacross >:the
coins .'forf-îeither twenty-cent 'or 'fifteen-'cent
face of the side :memb’er‘fZB :between the :latch .§40 ¿of
«packages ".Th'e flatch «operates yin îthe "following
«bars -N--->2: anclfN-«S lbehin'd'the '.linkâ5î91 (Figurel) .
„The vrod'.~6| terminates È'J'ust :to ‘the'rre'arsof îthe
ëverticals- slot v4 i ‘ and >is -bentíinwardlyxat ¿Shinto fa
slot 63 ‘which - runs 'parallel "toîand ‘between fthe
rod :6| îthat‘extends liuto the Vslot aö3~constitutes
a cam.
When the slidelcarriage ûlti'stmoveìiîin
`wardly lslîg‘l‘xtly,'-the cam'fiZ rextendsîinto îthe‘ver
tical coin chute E4 |~ (Figure :4) , and Whenfafthir'cl
nickel vis in> the chute, vthe camîis .engaged ‘1b-y lit
andthe rod-is moved .'outwardly,:thus'lockin'g out
‘the rod l :and vdisengaging rtheflinlzìl'aä.
Two vvslots $65 I and :6B :are "cut .through the'ibase
.plate 3-l ;>` these; provide vdischargefpassages- fori-the
respective coins f'throu‘gh r‘the base ‘ïpl'ate Aand 1 eX
,tend longitudinally 1in 'a ilíne with‘the vertical
coin chutes over the'llength'ïof îtheirîhc-rizontal
travel. 'At «the ,forwardcend ofthe` slotsïlii‘s'. and 6B
the vpassagethrough ' thefslots , isïïb'locked'ïby~ La .coin
.release nrember'iñîîcomprising a”bottom `plate-¿Già
which liesfflatly a'gainst‘the‘lower-’faceA ofthe-.base
>rMìî'henfthe operatornpullsfout `on one Yofthe
.ïpackage‘iiîelivery carriages, "the :lock bar' ro'd'îBS
'lis rotated.
¿This moves the‘swingable ‘arm '35
.ato mush .the‘zlatchffslide icarriagezinwardly. 'If no
äcoinsïare inthe vertical 'coin chutes 'lil andfllZ
'lwhenithe slidef'carria'ge'moves‘in slightly, the
«shoulders i5t2'fan'd 53 îon‘f’the ‘nickel `side ‘and "54
.on:_the dime'side abuttheî'forwardaedges ofv the
:marginalëstrips .§56 Tof 'rthe 'respectivefhead pieces
«t5-lof thexl‘atch 'i-lngersîand'ithe slide ‘carriage is
:flocked: against 'dispensing îrnovem‘ent.
When :the proper'nuni‘ber of ‘coins is inserted,
îthe .îfollowing ‘takes 'placez ``In ltvventy»cent'oper
k7ation'ïwith four -nickels, the-'nickel side of fthe
{carriage isìthe-‘only'one used. The operation
Twit'h fthese four coins ' is 'shown ‘diagrammatically
fin’îfigurefl'l. "Theffour'nickels come intothe'ver
stica] chute ¿lll .andfstack‘up one abovethe other.
:The nickel rlatch"1’ingers are ‘so lspaced that as
fthe slide îc'arria'gefis m'oved‘rearwardly, the for
iward'sedge *ofthemarginal lstrip'til von each head
‘plate ¿31, îand fmarginal 1 bracket Lstrips 5269-4169
zpiece'îíäâxengagesthe-periphery of the coin adja
which engage thefside-iedges vof the baseïplate'îâ'! '
cen'ttit, .substantially above the centerthereof,
:to ‘provide guide :channels >-'lll-¿lil äfor sustaining
and ridesrfup fonïit’liftingl the latch linger; thus,
kthe .plate 'âS îln 'sliding “relationship ‘îtherew-ith.
vall'..nic1«:[email protected] -are lifted,- and the shoul
Normally," the :coin ¿release î61 `~ is in ` the ¿forward
“ders‘ïäZ andfää inthe .longitudinal'slots '31 and
~position `shown 2' in Figure .f1 ; Ythat =is,athe l coin‘fdis
[email protected] are clearedîby the respectivemarginal strips
`chargefopenings {i5-«6G .are [email protected] slidable
"5b.
’The `four nickels, `therefore, unlatch fthe
'release‘plate
:two `locking'zsf-ioulders y-52 'and-’5%. The remain
`Atñange 'H is turned :clownífrom'the "forward f:
ingîlo'ck-ing- shoulder ‘54 -`in the-ï lower longitudinal
edgeofthe plateìßß and is engaged by'afro'd tl2,
>slot :'63 ron >the-“dirne Iside is freed by the 'link V56
Lthe end-of Awhichzis" threaded to'carryrtwoßnuts
I.whichfisïii‘kedftothe-head oflatch bar N-#Sand
for locking ¿the f'flange ¿between them. ’The l'for
award >end Vof 'the `rod 'l2 mayeXtend through an
'extends under‘latch’D--ÍL Consequently, when
appropriate. aperture inzïrthe » front 'of the'l‘housing 1175 latch rb‘arïfN-LS is‘- moved-'up by the `thirdv nickel,
2,429, 148
latch bar D-l also is lifted, clearing the shoul
8
spring which surrounds the shaft and has its one
end abutting the wall of the casing and a collar
When all three latch shoulders are cleared by
on the shaft. The movement of the shaft is lim
the respective movable latch members, the slide
ited by a second collar which abuts the opposite
carriage can be moved rearwardly as far as the
wall of the casing, The shaft 80 has sufñcient
swingable arm 35 will permit. At the end of its
longitudinal play to permit the bolt to move past
movement, the coins in the vertical slots, being
the linger after swinging it enough to clear the
beyond the end of the latch bars and being beyond
latch bar N-4 of the shoulder 53. On the re
the end of the coin release plate 68, fall from
the vertical chutes through the slot 65 and into 10 turn stroke of the delivery carriage, if the lingers
8| do not return by their own weight, the bolt
the collection box.
returns them and snaps by them when the limit
Upon insertion of the two dimes, the oper
of the travel of the lingers is reached to lie be
ation is as follows: (Figure 12) The lirst dime
hind them ready for the next operation.
causes latch bar D-l to be lifted in the manner
On three nickels the fifteen-cent operation is
previously described. The upper dime latch bar 15
as follows: (Figure 15) the lirst nickel lifts latch
D-2 is lifted by the second dime. Lock shoul
linger N-l freeing shoulder 52. The third nickel
ders 52 and 53, are locked by lingers N-l and
lifts latch linger N~3 and, through the link 5B,
N-4. These ñngers are lifted by the link 58
lifts latch bar D-I freeing shoulder 54. 'I'he
which is fixed to the head of latch bar D-2 and
latch finger N-4 is lifted by the arm 82 as de
extends into engagement with them. Thus, .lift
ing ñnger D-2 raises lingers N--l and N-ll.y 20 scribed above.
It will be noted that the second nickel, in lift
Therefore, the lirst dime frees shoulder 54 on the
ing latch bar N-Z, also lifts the link 58; but, since
dime side and the second dime, through the link
a third nickel is in the Vertical chute 4l at this
58, frees the two shoulders 52 and 53 on the
time, the lock-out rod 6l is moved to disengage
nickel side.
The operation on one dime and two nickels is 25 the link 59 from the latch linger N-4. The lock
out rod 6| is utilized to lock out the latch finger
as follows: (Figure 13) The nrst dime is posi
N-2 from its connection with latch linger N-4
tioned to lift latch linger D-I and thereby free
so that the twenty-cent packages cannot be dis
shoulder 54 when the carriage is moved. The
pensed on three nickels. If the lock-out were not
first nickel is positioned to lift linger N-I and
free shoulder 52. The second nickel lifts latch 30 provided, the first nickel would free latch ñnger
N-l from shoulder 52, the second nickel would
linger N-2 and consequently lifts linger N-4
free latch finger N~4 from shoulder 53 through
through link 59, thereby freeing shoulder 53.
link 59, and the third nickel would free linger
The latch mechanism is also adapted for oper
ation on lifteen cents. The means for adapting 35 D-I from shoulder 54 through link 56.
Fifteen-cent operation on one dirne and one
the mechanism to fifteen-cent operation is dis
nickel is as follows: (Figure 14) The first‘dt'me
closed and claimed in the above-mentioned co
frees latch linger D-l from shoulder 54, the first
pending application, Serial No. 383,991, filed
nickel frees latch linger N-I from shoulder 52,
March 18, 1941. The adaptation is simple and
it is believed that it will be understood from the 40 and the latch linger N-4 is freed from shoulder
53 by the arm 82 as outlined above.
following description. On those delivery car
As a modification, a latch may be arranged for
riages which are to be utilized to dispense fifteen
operation on ten or fifteen cents. This modili
cent packages, a round-headed bolt is lixed. The
cation is shown. in Figure 10. It will be noted
bolt extends at right angles from the side of
the delivery carriage at the rear thereof. A shaft 45 that it is identical to the twenty-cent latch with
the exceptions that the latch bars N-l! and D_Z
80, extending the length of the casing, journalled
are omitted and that different linkages between
in the end walls thereof, carries a number of
the latch bars are provided.
downwardly extended lingers. One of these lin
Fifteen-cent operation on three nickels is as
gers is shown in dotted lines in Figure 1 at 8|.
Each finger 8l depends from the shaft to the 50A follows: The lirst nickel is positioned to lift latch
linger N~|, thus freeing shoulder 52. Shoulder
right of the carriage in front of the bolt. When
54 is likewise freed by the third nickel through
the delivery carriage is withdrawn slightly, the
a link 85 attached to the latch finger N-3 and
finger is engaged and the shaft is rotated.
engaged under a liange 86 on the head of latch
The shaft 8U extends through the right wall of
bar D-l. Operation of the carriage upon inser
the casing and carries an arm 82 (Figure 1)
pinned to the extended end thereof. A pin 83 55 tion of a dirne and a nickel causes the two bottom
lingers N-l and D-I to be lifted to free the re
fixed to the head of latch bar N-4 extends at
spective shoulders 52 and 54.
right angles from the outer wall of the head pin
Operation on ten cents in this modified form
and is engaged in a slot 84 in the arm 82. The
is similar to operation on fifteen cents in the latch
arm 82 projects forwardly from the shaft 80 to
the pin 83, and, therefore, when a bolt on one 60 shown in Figures l to 9 in that the arm 82 is uti
lized. The same arrangement of the shaft 80,
of the dispensing carriages swings one of the
lingers 8l and round-headed bolts is utilized for
downwardly extended fingers 8| forwardly, the
the delivery carriages carrying ten-cent pack
latch bar N-4 is lifted (Figure l). Preferably,
one of the downwardly extended lingers is pro 65 ages. In this instance, the arm 82 lifts a link
bar 81 when a delivery carriage carrying a bolt
vided for each fifteen-cent carriage; the installa
is withdrawn. The link 87 is slidably journaled
tion of a bolt then adapts any one of the dis
in a guide block 88 fixed to the upper guide bar
pensing units for fifteen-cent operation.
29 and depends between the side members 23-24 `
It is only necessary for the arm 82 to remain
of the carriage where it is bent over at the lower
up long enough for the slide carriage to be moved
rearwardly for the shoulder 53 to clear the latch l70 end to liftably engage a flange 39 on the head of
latch linger N-L When the link 87 is lifted, the
bar N-4. Fingers 8| are V-shaped with the
latch finger N-l is also lifted. A swinging link
inclined surfaces of the V engageable by the
9i) is pivotally journalled at the end of an arm
rounded head of the bolt carried on the dispens
Sl
fixed to the head of latch finger N-2. The
ing carriage. The shaft 80 is cushioned by a 75
free end of the swinging link 90 is bent over to
der 54.`
.
2,429,148
9
,
10
stituting a latch for holding said operating car
provide a foot 92. Near the upper end of the
riage against movement, and all iingers being
swinging link 90 a raised portion on the arm
positioned to engage the peripheries of coins in
provides a cam 93. A similar cam 94 at the side
said slots so as to be lifted thereby to unlatching
of the link bar 81 is adapted to engage with the
positions upon movement of said carriage, means
cam 93 when the link bar 81 is raised to swing the
for interconnecting the iingers for engaging coins
link 99 to engage the foot 92 under the head of
in one chute with the fingers for engaging coins
the latch linger D-I. The foot 92, as shown, is
in the other chute, in such manner that a coin
long enough and the cams 93 and 94 long enough
of one denomination in one chute can lift the
so that as the latch iinger N-2 is raised, the end
of the foot 92 remains under the hea-d of the latch 10 ñngers which otherwise would be lifted by coins
of an equivalent total value in the other chute,
linger D-l. When the link bar 81 is lowered
whereby the movement to unlatching position of
again after a dispensing operation, the swinging
all of the fingers in either group by coins in said
link disengages from latch finger D-l by its own
coin slots is effective for effecting total release
weight, or a spring may be provided.
of said carriage,
For operation on two nickels, the link bar 81
3. A coin controlled release mechanism com
is raised by the arm 82 as described above. This
prising a track, an operating carriage adapted to
raises the latch :linger N-l and engages the foot
be moved along said track, said carriage includ
92 on the swinging link 99 under the head of
ing vertically disposed coin slots arranged at op
latch ñnger D-I. The second nickel, therefore,
in raising latch linger N-2 also raises latch 1in r20 posite sides of said track in side by side relation
ship adjacent one end of said carriage, each of
ger D-I through the link 90. For ten-cent `op
said slots being adapted to receive coins of a de
eration on one dime the latch linger D-I is
nomination diii'erent from the other, a series of
lifted, freeing shoulder 54 while the link bar 81
locking elements pivotally mounted on said track
raises latch bar N-l to free shoulder 52.
Having described my invention, I claim:
25 adjacent the opposite end of said operating car
riage from said coin slots and extending toward
1. A coin actuated release mechanism compris
said coin slots for operation thereby of coins in
ing a stationary member, a movable member, a
said slots, said locking elements having a multi~
chute for containing coins of one denomination,
ple locking action on the carriage, each locking
a second chute for containing coins of another
denomination, said chutes being disposed on op 30 element being effective either through its own
movement or interconnected movement with an
posite sides of said movable member adjacent one
other locking element for releasing the carriage
end thereof in side by side relationship, a plural
when coins aggregating a predetermined total
ity of fingers pivoted to said stationary member
are inserted in the slots.
relatively at the end of said movable member op
posite said chutes, said ñngers constituting 35 4. A coin actuated release mechanism which
comprises a frame, a carriage slidable within the
latches for restraining movement of said movable
frame and including means constituting a pair of
member with respect to said stationary member,
coin chutes arranged in side by side relationship
adjacent one end of said frame, one of said chutes
to be lifted thereby to unlatching positions upon 40 being adapted to receive coins of a given denom
ination, and the other of the chutes being adapt
movement of said movable member, means for in
terconnecting the fingers for engaging the coins
ed to receive coins of a diii'erent denomination, a
set of fingers arranged to ride upon the periph
in one chute with the fingers for engaging the
said lingers being adapted to engage the periph
eries of coins contained within said chutes so as
coins inthe other chute, in such manner that a
eries of coins stacked in one of the chutes, an
coin of one denomination in one chute can lift 45 other set of fingers arranged to ride upon the
the fingers which otherwise would be lifted by
coins of an equivalent total value in the other
chute, gate means at the bottom of said chutes
for supporting the coins therein, and means for
opening said gate means to effect removal of the 50
coins from the chutes prior to latch releasing
operation.
2. A coin controlled release mechanism, com
peripheries of coins stacked in the other of said
chutes, said fingers being pivoted to said frame
at the end thereof opposite said coin chutes, said
fingers constituting latches having a multiple
latching action on said carriage and movable
through riding engagement of coins in said chutes
to unlatching positions for effecting release of
said carriage upon insertion in said chutes of
coins aggregating a predetermined total.
prising a track, an operating carriage adapted to
be moved along said track, said carriage includ 55
CHARLTON WILDER.
ing vertically disposed coin slots arranged at op
posite sides of said track in side by side relation
REFERENCES CITED
ship adjacent one end of said operating carriage,
each slot adapted to receive and stack coins of a
The following references are of record in the
different denomination, a series of superposed 60 file of this patent:
fingers for each coin slot, said fingers being piv
UNITED STATES PATENTS
otally mounted in cooperative relation to said
Name
Date
Number
track and carriage, said fingers being arranged in
Steiner __________ __ Sept. 21, 1943
2,330,153
sets, one set for each coin slot, each finger con
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