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Dec. 23, 1947.
F; DE-BELLA ETAL
‘
2,433,204
UMBRELLA FERRULE PINNING MACHINE
Filed Nov. 15, 1946
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INVENTOR5
FHA/W6 p: BELLA
BYTHOMAS F. 05 BELLA
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'ATTOEA/EK?
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Dec. 23, 1947.
I F; DE BELLA" ET AL
“2,433,204
UMBRELLA FERRULE PINNING MACHINE
Filed Nov. 15, 1946
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INVENTOR$
FRANK DE BfLLA
THOMAS F. DE BELLA _.
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BY fable/L44
ATTORNEYS
Dec. 23, 1947.
I
F. DE BELLA v1-:1' AL
2,433,204
UMBRELLA FERRULE PINNING MACHINE
Filed Nov. 15', 1946
_
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
( 1k
62
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.INVENTORS
fEANK DEBfLLA
THOMAS E DEBELZA
I BYMMWW.
14 TTOBNE Y5
2,433,204
Patented Dec. 23, 1947
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,433,204
UMBRELLA FERRULE PINNING MACHINE
Frank De Bella, Newark, and "jl‘homas F. De Bella,
Union, N.
Application November 15, 1946, Serial No. 709,952
12 Claims. (01. 1-1)
1
This invention relates to machines for mount
ing or affixing tips, end pieces or ferrules to the
ends of umbrella shanks, canes or the like, and
is an improvement on the structure shown and de
scribed in Pat. 2,285,380, dated June 2, 1942.
One object of the invention is the provision of
a ferrule pinning machine which‘ is adapted to
accommodate various sizes of ferrules by but a
Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken
along line 2—-2 of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a top plan view of the device looking
from the top of Figure 1;
Figure 4 is a view looking from the rear of Fig
ure 3;
Figure 5 is a longitudinal sectional view taken
along line 5-—-5 of Figure 1;
Figure 6 is a fragmental sectional view taken
slight adjustment and one in which the length ‘
on line 6--6 of Figure 2 and showing the device
10
of wire cut o? may be adjusted to correspond to
just piror to the wire cutting operation;
Figure ‘7 is a similar view with the press plunger
Another object of the invention is the provi
in lower position.
sion of an improved wire pin cutting and feeding
Referring now to the drawings in detail, the
numeral
|0 indicates the stationary bed plate of
mechanism for such machines.
Another object is to produce a machine of the 15 a power press or foot press having an up and
character described in which the maximum sim
down reciprocating plunger ll. Secured to the
plicity of construction and operation is secured.
bed plate In by any suitable means as for in
Other objects and advantages will appear as the
stance clamps I2 is a base block l3 upon which
nature of the improvements is better understood,
the lower portion of the device is suitably sup
20
the invention consisting substantially in the novel
ported.
arrangement and co-relation of parts herein fully
Carried by the central front portion of the base
described, and illustrated in the accompanying
block l3 is'a slideway M to which are secured
drawings, wherein similar reference characters
front plates I5 by means of screws l6. Slidably
are used to denote corresponding parts through
mounted between the sides of the slideway l4
25
out the several views, and then ?nally pointed
and plates I5 is a lower socket portion I'I having
out and speci?cally de?ned and indicated in the
a V-shaped cutout l8 best shown in Figures 1, 2
and 5. The socket portion I1 is vertically ad
appended claims.
The disclosure made the basis of exemplifying
justable by means of a screw I9 centrally located
the present inventive concept suggests a prac 30 at the bottom of the slideway Ill. The socket por
tical embodiment thereof, but the invention is not
tion H is pressed against the screw l9 by means
to be restricted to the exact details of this dis
of springs 20 which bear against the top of said
closure, and the latter, therefore, is to be under
portion I1 and an upper socket portion which is
stood from an illustrative, rather than a restric
in the form of a plate 2| secured in place by
the diameter of the ferrule.
tive standpoint.
In carrying out the objects of the present in
vention it was found advantageous to provide a
35
screws 22.
The plate 2| has a central arcuate
cut-out 23 which with the V-shaped cutout |8
forms a socket 24 for the reception of the tip or
lower portion of the device which is adapted to be
ferrule 25 to be pinned to the end of the shank
suitably secured to the bedplate of a press and
26 of an umbrella 21.
an upper portion carried by the press plunger.
The base block is provided with a vertical open
40
The lower portion of the device preferably in
ing 28 the upper portion of which is screw thread
ed as at 29 to receive the screw threaded end
cludes a socket for holding the ferrule and um
30 of a bushing 3|. Rotatably mounted on said
brella shank below a rotatable wire cutter, oper
bushing 3| is a disk 32 having ratchet teeth 33
able for cutting the wire upon the downward
stroke of the plunger which carries the upper por 45 and provided with radially spaced apart holes 34
equal in number to the number of teeth 33. The
tion of the device, the ferrule being pinned upon
lower portion 35 of the disk 32 bears against the
said downward stroke and a new length of wire
top surfaces of plate 2| and together with a hard
fed upwardly upon the return upward stroke of
ened bushing 36 in the base block l3 forms wire
the press.
cutting means. The said portion may if desir
The invention will be more clearly understood 50 able be in the form of a separate hardened disk
from the following detailed description and ac
secured to the disk 32 or the two disks may be
companying drawings, in which
integral as shown. Where the disks are separate,
Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a ferrule
the lower disk 35 will be provided with holes in
pinning device made in accordance with the pres
55 continuation of the holes 34.
ent invention;
2
2,433,204
Passing through the bushing 3| is a rod 37
which at its upper end has a screw threaded por
tion 38 which enters a screw threaded opening
39 in a shaft 40 having a lower screw threaded
reduced portion 4| screw threadedly secured to a
carrier head or block 42. The rod 31 is locked in
place against the reduced shaft portion 4| by
means of a nut 43. The upper part Of the shaft
49 is engagedlysecured to, or carried by the press
The operation of the device is as follows:
Initially, wire 71 is threaded upwardly through
the opening 80, 85 and bushing 35 into an open
ing 34 to approximately the top of the toothed
disk 33.
The press is then actuated to move its
plunger | I downwardly, thus carrying with it the
shaft 43, rod 3'1, head 42 and roller 41. The ?rst
part of this downward movement is an idle move
plunger‘ ||. The block“ is provided near the
ment on the shoulder 90 formed at the juncture
rear thereof with a pair of spaced apart guide
rods 44 which have sliding engagement in holes
45 in the base block I3. Suitable lubricating cups
of the rod 31 and its reduced portion 12 moves
towards the top surface 9| of the bracket while
the cylinder '14 moves away from the bottom sur
face 92 of said ‘bracket. During the next part
of the movement, the roller 48 strikes against
46 are provided for lubricating the said rods as
they travel up and down inv the. holes'45. The
carrier head or block 42 has a roller 4'! rotatably.
secured thereto by means of a stud 48, the said
roller being in engagement with a cam surface
the cam face 44 and moves the brake arm and
its pawl 55 to the dot and dash position shown
in Figure 2, thus rotating the toothed disk 32
the distance of one tooth against the tension of
49 at the top of a plate 50 secured to a brake arm
5| by means of a screw 52. The brake arm 5| 20 the spring 65 and spring pressed pawl 64. Dur
is rotatably mounted on the ‘bushing 3| beneath
ing the said rotation, the pin 15 has been cut
from the wire 17 by the shearing action between
the bushing 38 and the disk portion 35, the said
an opening 54 in which there is slidably mounted
pin being carried the angular distance between
a pawl 55 having a hole 55 in‘which is located a
compressionspring 51 which is held in place by or two teeth 33 or holes 34. During the part of the
means of a plate 58 secured to the brake arm 5| van downward movement just described and upon
further downward movement of the moving parts
by one or more screws».59, The spring 56 nor
mally maintains the pawl 55 in contact with one
above enumerated, the shoulder 59 contacts the
of the teeth 33. The brake arm 5| is under con
bracket surface 9| and moves said bracket down,
trol of a spring 50 anchored at one end to a stud 30 the wire 11 meanwhile being held against down
6| on said arm and at the opposite end on a
ward movement by the spring 8| thus permitting
hook 552 secured to the baseblock |3 by screws 63.
the loosening of the tension between the said
(See Fig. 4.) A second pawl 64 engages one of
Upon the up
the teeth ,33, said second pawl being spaced 90°
ward stroke of the press plunger, a shoulder 74a
from the pawl 55 and slidably mounted in a block
formed by top of the cylinder 14 contacts the
65 secured to the base block _|3 by screws 65. The 35 bottom surface 92 of the bracket 84 and carries
said pawl 54 is provided with a hole ‘6'! in which
same upwardly. This upward movement of the
there is located a coiled tension spring 68 which
bracket 84 causes the spring 8| to release the
exerts a pressure against the said pawl and a
wire Ti and the plate 86 to press against said
maintain the pawl in engagement .40 wire and feed same upwardly into the disk 32
with the toothed disks 32. The plate is secured
a sufficient distance for another pin length. The
to the block 65 by screws 10 and 1|.
above operation is repeated until the disk 32 has
a head 53 on said bushingand is provided with
The bottom'of the rod 31 has a reduced portion
been moved through an arc of 90° after which
72 which in turn has a reduced threaded end 73
for the reception of a ‘cylinder 14 which forms
a part of a wire feeding mechanism, a descrip
tion of which follows.
Pins 75 for pinning ferrule 25 to stem 25 at 75
(see Fig. 5) are cut from a wire 7'! supplied to
the device from a source not shown in the draw
ings. The wire feeding mechanism includes a
guide plate 18 secured to the underside of the
base block 13 by screws 79. The saidguide plate
the umbrella or cane to be operated upon is in
serted into the socket 24. With the umbrella or‘
cane in position and upon the next downward
stroke of the press a pin-like tool 93 carried in
a chuck 94 on head 42 will push the pin 75 into
50
is provided with an opening 80 through which the
of pin out off
wire passes upwardly and is normally frictionally
may be adjusted by unscrewing or tightening the
55
held against by a ?at spring 8| secured to the
cylinder ‘M on the threaded end 73
said plate 18 by a screw 82. The base block I 3
is provided with a slideway 83 at the left side
thereof as Viewed in Figs. 6 and '7 in which is
vice for pinning ferrules to the ends of umbrellas
slidably mounted a wire feed bracket 84 which
and for canes of various diameters.
is provided at one end with a hole 85 which em 60
It is apparent that the speci?c embodiment
shown above has been given by
tion and not by way of limitation, and that the
structure above described is subject to wide vari
through. A plate '85 movably supported at one
65 ation and modi?cation without
braces the reduced rod portion 12. Intermediate
the end thereof the bracket 84 is perforated as
at 85-85 for the passage of the wire 77 there
scope of ‘the appended claims or
_
equivalents are to be included in the present in
vention.
into position to contact the cam surface 53 for
actuating the device for cutting the wire to form
a pin 75.
,
75
2,433,204;
5 ‘.
by step rotatable disk above and in contact with
the bushing and having a plurality of holes one
for each step radially spaced from the center of
the disk, said radial spacing’ being co-axial with
the bushing when brought into alinement there
with, a device vertically reciprocable on said
6.
returning the said arm to normal position at the
end of the return movement of said carrier.
> 4. A device according to claim 1 wherein the
ferrule supporting device is adjustably mounted
on the base so as to accommodate ferrules of var
ious diameters.
5. A ferrule affixing device, comprising a base,
base for feeding wire through said bushing into
means on said base for supporting a ferrule to be
an alined opening in the disk on said return
affixed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable
movement, means for rotating the disk an angu
carrier above said base carrying out an operative
10
lar distance equal to the distance between two
movement and a return movement, a wire cut
holes therein for shearing off a portion of wire
ting and carrying disk overlying the base and
during the operative movement and carrying
bushing and rotatable thereabout, a wire feed
same to eventually be positioned above the fer
ing device vertically reciprocable beneath said
rule, and a driving tool carried by the carrier for
bushing and spaced at an angle to the ferrule
driving said sheared off portion into the ferrule 15 supporting means, the said disk having openings
on the operative movement of the carrier.
therein adapted to be brought into alinement
2. A ferrule affixing device, comprising a base,
with the bushing and wire feeding device, means
means on said base for supporting a ferrule to
on the carrier for operating the wire feeding de
be affixed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable
vice on the return movement of the carrier to
20
carrier above said base carrying out an operative
feed wire through the bushing into the disk and
movement and a return movement, a rotatable
means associated with the carrier and disk or
rotating the disk through an angle equal to the
toothed disk above and in contact with the bush
ing and having a number of holes therein equal
angular distance between two openings on the
to the number of teeth, said holes being radially
next operative movement of the said carrier to
spaced from the center of the disk the radial 25 cut off the wire within the disk and carry same
towards the position of the ferrule supporting
distance coinciding with the radial distance of
the bushing from said center of the disk, means
device.
‘ 6. A ferrule affixing device, comprising a base,
for releasably holding said disk against rotation,
means on said base for supporting a ferrule to be
a pivotal arm co-axially mounted with the disk,
30
a?ixed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable
a spring pressed pawl carried by said arm in en
carrier above said base carrying out an operative
gagement with the toothed disk, a device verti
movement and a return movement, a wire cutting
cally reciprocable on the said base for feeding
and carrying disk overlying the base and bushing
wire through said bushing into an opening in
the disk on said return movement and for recip 35 and rotatable there about, a wire feeding device
Vertically reciprocable beneath said bushing and
rocating said wire feeding device, means on the
spaced at an angle to the ferrule supporting
carrier and arm for rotating said arm and disk
means, the said disk having openings therein
the angular distance between two teeth for
adapted to be brought into alinement with the
shearing off a portion of wire during the opera
tive movement and carrying said wire portion 40 bushing and wire feeding device, means on the
carrier for operating the wire feeding device on
step by step to a position above the ferrule, a
the return movement of the carrier, said wire
driving tool carried by the carrier for driving
feed operating means comprising a rod, and a
said wire portion into the ferrule during the
shoulder near the bottom of said rod for con
operative movement of the carrier, and spring
means for returning the said arm to normal po 45 tacting and moving the wire feeding device and
wire carried thereby to feed a portion of the wire
sition at the end of the return of said carrier.
through the bushing into the disk to be cut off on
3. A ferrule affixing device, comprising a base,
the next operative movement of the carrier.
means on said base for supporting a ferrule to be
'7. A ferrule af?xing device, comprising a base,
a?ixed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable
carrier above said base carrying out an operative 50 means on said base for supporting a ferrule to be
movement and a return movement, a rotatable
a?ixed, a wire bushing on said base, a. recipro
cable carrier above said base carrying out an op
toothed disk above and in contact with the bush
erative movement and a return movement, a cut
ing and a number of holes therein equal to the
ting and carrying disk overlying the base and
number of teeth, said holes being radially spaced
from the center of the disk the radial distance 55 bushing and rotatable thereabout, a wire feeding
device vertically reciprocable beneath said bush
coinciding with the radial distance of the bush
ing
and spaced at an angle to the ferrule sup
ing from said center of the disk, means for re
porting means, the said disk having openings
leasably holding said disk against rotation, a
therein adapted to be brought into alinement
pivotal arm co-axially mounted with the disk, a
with the bushing and wire feeding device, means
spring pressed pawl carried by said arm in en 60 on the carrier for operating the wire feeding de
gagement with the toothed disk, a device vertical
vice on the return movement of the carrier, said
ly reciprocable on the said base for feeding wire
wire feed operating means comprising a rod, a
through said bushing into an opening in the disk
shoulder near the bottom of said rod for con
on said return movement, means on the carrier 65 tacting and moving the wire feeding device and
for so reciprocating said wire feeding device, a
wire carried thereby to feed a portion of the wire
through the bushing into the disk to be cut off
roller on the carrier, a cam on the arm for con
on the next operative movement of the carrier,
tacting the roller on the operative movement of
means on the carrier for rotating the disk through
the carrier for rotating said arm and disk the
angular distance between two teeth for shearing 70 an angle equal to the angular distance between
two openings on the next operative movement of
o? a portion of wire and carrying same step by
the said carrier to cut off the wire within the
step to a, position above the ferrule, a driving
disk and carry same towards the position of the
tool carried by the carrier for driving said wire
ferrule supporting device, a tool carried by the
portion into the ferrule during the operative
carrier for driving a cut off portion of the wire
movement of the carrier, and spring means for 76
7
2,433,204
above the ferrule thereinto, and a second shoulder
on therod above the ?rst mentioned-shoulder
for contacting and moving the :wire- feeding de
vice .free of the Wire to the aforementionedposi
tion to be moved in wire feeding direct-ionby the
next return movement of the carrier.
-' 8. 'A device according to claim 6 wherein the‘
formingashoulder below the bracket, the upper
shoulder adapted to contact the bracket to slide
same down free ‘of the wire-on vthe operative
movement and the lower shoulder contacting the
sa-idbracket ,on the return movement to slide
said bracket to feed the wire into the wire cut
ting disk to be cut on upon the next operative
movement of the carrier, and means on the car
said shoulder is axially adjustable onthel-l-rod
for moving the Wire feeding device greater .ior
lesser distances.
rier for driving the cut off wire into the ferrule
10 uponsaid operative movement of the carrier.
9. A device according to claim 7 wherein the
11. A device according to claim 10 wherein the
?rst mentioned shoulder is axiallyadjustable- on
cylinder is adjustably mounted below said re
the rod for moving the wire feeding-device greater
duced portion.
or lesser distances.
12‘ A ferrule af?xing device, comprising a base,
10. A ferrule a?ixing device, comprising abase,
means on said base for supporting a ferrule tobe
af?xed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable
carrier above said base carrying outan opera
tive movement and a return movement, a-‘wire
m'eans'on said base for supporting a ferrule to be
aflixed, a reciprocable carrier above said base
carrying out an operative movement and a re
turn movement, a wire cutting device rotatably
supported on the base, a wire grasping and feed
cutting and carrying disk overlying thebase and
bushing and rotatable thereabout, a plate se 20 ing device below the wire cutting device, means
associated with the wire cutter for rotating same,
cured to the base and provided withan opening
means on the carrier for actuating the wire cut
in axial alinement with the bushing, a bracket
ter rotating means on the operative movement of
slidably mounted in the base aboveisaid plate and
the carrier, a wire feeding device-positioning and
provided Withan opening in axial alinement with
the bushing and opening in'the plate forpermit 25 feed actuating member carried by the carrier for
freeing the wire feeding device from the wire and
ting a wire to pass through said alined openings,
positioning same for contact with the feed actu
3, spring on the plate frictionally maintaining the
ating member so that said member will actuate
said wire against the opening in said plate, a
said wire feeding device to feed wire into the wire
spring‘ pressed plate on the bracket in ~engage~
30
cutting device to. be out upon the next operative
ment with the wire for frictionally-holdingsame
movement of the carrier, and means on the car
against the bracket, a rod secured to the carrier,
rier for driving a cut off wire portion into the
a reduced portion on the rod passing through the
ferruleon an operative movement of the carrier.
bracket and forming a shoulder thereabove, an
enlarged cylinder below the'reduced portion, and 35
FRANK DE BELLA.
THOMAS P. DE BELLA.
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