Dec. 23, 1947. F; DE-BELLA ETAL ‘ 2,433,204 UMBRELLA FERRULE PINNING MACHINE Filed Nov. 15, 1946 I 3 Sheqts-Sheet l “6%” M Fig.1 2 "70 > . INVENTOR5 FHA/W6 p: BELLA BYTHOMAS F. 05 BELLA W 'ATTOEA/EK? 4 Dec. 23, 1947. I F; DE BELLA" ET AL “2,433,204 UMBRELLA FERRULE PINNING MACHINE Filed Nov. 15, 1946 s Sheets-Sheet 2 ./// 39 6' .__I’ 42 l 47 4' 48 ‘ | I j’5 44'/ l avg. 3/ ‘ 32 /6 > M 7 ' ‘7,, 4 , /)y’ ~ v , 5:] ‘ 5/ 35 36 ~ J9 - ' h ‘74 36 . a; 7a 37 66 5,’ F’ ' 6 3" y ‘g 55 ~ .52 1 _ ‘ PK / 50 1/ 5, : - Z7 / 26 , 72 64/ xi” I 8/ 6'0 ‘ 79 v , INVENTOR$ FRANK DE BfLLA THOMAS F. DE BELLA _. 75 BY fable/L44 ATTORNEYS Dec. 23, 1947. I F. DE BELLA v1-:1' AL 2,433,204 UMBRELLA FERRULE PINNING MACHINE Filed Nov. 15', 1946 _ 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 ( 1k 62 _ v .INVENTORS fEANK DEBfLLA THOMAS E DEBELZA I BYMMWW. 14 TTOBNE Y5 2,433,204 Patented Dec. 23, 1947 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,433,204 UMBRELLA FERRULE PINNING MACHINE Frank De Bella, Newark, and "jl‘homas F. De Bella, Union, N. Application November 15, 1946, Serial No. 709,952 12 Claims. (01. 1-1) 1 This invention relates to machines for mount ing or affixing tips, end pieces or ferrules to the ends of umbrella shanks, canes or the like, and is an improvement on the structure shown and de scribed in Pat. 2,285,380, dated June 2, 1942. One object of the invention is the provision of a ferrule pinning machine which‘ is adapted to accommodate various sizes of ferrules by but a Figure 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken along line 2—-2 of Figure 1; Figure 3 is a top plan view of the device looking from the top of Figure 1; Figure 4 is a view looking from the rear of Fig ure 3; Figure 5 is a longitudinal sectional view taken along line 5-—-5 of Figure 1; Figure 6 is a fragmental sectional view taken slight adjustment and one in which the length ‘ on line 6--6 of Figure 2 and showing the device 10 of wire cut o? may be adjusted to correspond to just piror to the wire cutting operation; Figure ‘7 is a similar view with the press plunger Another object of the invention is the provi in lower position. sion of an improved wire pin cutting and feeding Referring now to the drawings in detail, the numeral |0 indicates the stationary bed plate of mechanism for such machines. Another object is to produce a machine of the 15 a power press or foot press having an up and character described in which the maximum sim down reciprocating plunger ll. Secured to the plicity of construction and operation is secured. bed plate In by any suitable means as for in Other objects and advantages will appear as the stance clamps I2 is a base block l3 upon which nature of the improvements is better understood, the lower portion of the device is suitably sup 20 the invention consisting substantially in the novel ported. arrangement and co-relation of parts herein fully Carried by the central front portion of the base described, and illustrated in the accompanying block l3 is'a slideway M to which are secured drawings, wherein similar reference characters front plates I5 by means of screws l6. Slidably are used to denote corresponding parts through mounted between the sides of the slideway l4 25 out the several views, and then ?nally pointed and plates I5 is a lower socket portion I'I having out and speci?cally de?ned and indicated in the a V-shaped cutout l8 best shown in Figures 1, 2 and 5. The socket portion I1 is vertically ad appended claims. The disclosure made the basis of exemplifying justable by means of a screw I9 centrally located the present inventive concept suggests a prac 30 at the bottom of the slideway Ill. The socket por tical embodiment thereof, but the invention is not tion H is pressed against the screw l9 by means to be restricted to the exact details of this dis of springs 20 which bear against the top of said closure, and the latter, therefore, is to be under portion I1 and an upper socket portion which is stood from an illustrative, rather than a restric in the form of a plate 2| secured in place by the diameter of the ferrule. tive standpoint. In carrying out the objects of the present in vention it was found advantageous to provide a 35 screws 22. The plate 2| has a central arcuate cut-out 23 which with the V-shaped cutout |8 forms a socket 24 for the reception of the tip or lower portion of the device which is adapted to be ferrule 25 to be pinned to the end of the shank suitably secured to the bedplate of a press and 26 of an umbrella 21. an upper portion carried by the press plunger. The base block is provided with a vertical open 40 The lower portion of the device preferably in ing 28 the upper portion of which is screw thread ed as at 29 to receive the screw threaded end cludes a socket for holding the ferrule and um 30 of a bushing 3|. Rotatably mounted on said brella shank below a rotatable wire cutter, oper bushing 3| is a disk 32 having ratchet teeth 33 able for cutting the wire upon the downward stroke of the plunger which carries the upper por 45 and provided with radially spaced apart holes 34 equal in number to the number of teeth 33. The tion of the device, the ferrule being pinned upon lower portion 35 of the disk 32 bears against the said downward stroke and a new length of wire top surfaces of plate 2| and together with a hard fed upwardly upon the return upward stroke of ened bushing 36 in the base block l3 forms wire the press. cutting means. The said portion may if desir The invention will be more clearly understood 50 able be in the form of a separate hardened disk from the following detailed description and ac secured to the disk 32 or the two disks may be companying drawings, in which integral as shown. Where the disks are separate, Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a ferrule the lower disk 35 will be provided with holes in pinning device made in accordance with the pres 55 continuation of the holes 34. ent invention; 2 2,433,204 Passing through the bushing 3| is a rod 37 which at its upper end has a screw threaded por tion 38 which enters a screw threaded opening 39 in a shaft 40 having a lower screw threaded reduced portion 4| screw threadedly secured to a carrier head or block 42. The rod 31 is locked in place against the reduced shaft portion 4| by means of a nut 43. The upper part Of the shaft 49 is engagedlysecured to, or carried by the press The operation of the device is as follows: Initially, wire 71 is threaded upwardly through the opening 80, 85 and bushing 35 into an open ing 34 to approximately the top of the toothed disk 33. The press is then actuated to move its plunger | I downwardly, thus carrying with it the shaft 43, rod 3'1, head 42 and roller 41. The ?rst part of this downward movement is an idle move plunger‘ ||. The block“ is provided near the ment on the shoulder 90 formed at the juncture rear thereof with a pair of spaced apart guide rods 44 which have sliding engagement in holes 45 in the base block I3. Suitable lubricating cups of the rod 31 and its reduced portion 12 moves towards the top surface 9| of the bracket while the cylinder '14 moves away from the bottom sur face 92 of said ‘bracket. During the next part of the movement, the roller 48 strikes against 46 are provided for lubricating the said rods as they travel up and down inv the. holes'45. The carrier head or block 42 has a roller 4'! rotatably. secured thereto by means of a stud 48, the said roller being in engagement with a cam surface the cam face 44 and moves the brake arm and its pawl 55 to the dot and dash position shown in Figure 2, thus rotating the toothed disk 32 the distance of one tooth against the tension of 49 at the top of a plate 50 secured to a brake arm 5| by means of a screw 52. The brake arm 5| 20 the spring 65 and spring pressed pawl 64. Dur is rotatably mounted on the ‘bushing 3| beneath ing the said rotation, the pin 15 has been cut from the wire 17 by the shearing action between the bushing 38 and the disk portion 35, the said an opening 54 in which there is slidably mounted pin being carried the angular distance between a pawl 55 having a hole 55 in‘which is located a compressionspring 51 which is held in place by or two teeth 33 or holes 34. During the part of the means of a plate 58 secured to the brake arm 5| van downward movement just described and upon further downward movement of the moving parts by one or more screws».59, The spring 56 nor mally maintains the pawl 55 in contact with one above enumerated, the shoulder 59 contacts the of the teeth 33. The brake arm 5| is under con bracket surface 9| and moves said bracket down, trol of a spring 50 anchored at one end to a stud 30 the wire 11 meanwhile being held against down 6| on said arm and at the opposite end on a ward movement by the spring 8| thus permitting hook 552 secured to the baseblock |3 by screws 63. the loosening of the tension between the said (See Fig. 4.) A second pawl 64 engages one of Upon the up the teeth ,33, said second pawl being spaced 90° ward stroke of the press plunger, a shoulder 74a from the pawl 55 and slidably mounted in a block formed by top of the cylinder 14 contacts the 65 secured to the base block _|3 by screws 65. The 35 bottom surface 92 of the bracket 84 and carries said pawl 54 is provided with a hole ‘6'! in which same upwardly. This upward movement of the there is located a coiled tension spring 68 which bracket 84 causes the spring 8| to release the exerts a pressure against the said pawl and a wire Ti and the plate 86 to press against said maintain the pawl in engagement .40 wire and feed same upwardly into the disk 32 with the toothed disks 32. The plate is secured a sufficient distance for another pin length. The to the block 65 by screws 10 and 1|. above operation is repeated until the disk 32 has a head 53 on said bushingand is provided with The bottom'of the rod 31 has a reduced portion been moved through an arc of 90° after which 72 which in turn has a reduced threaded end 73 for the reception of a ‘cylinder 14 which forms a part of a wire feeding mechanism, a descrip tion of which follows. Pins 75 for pinning ferrule 25 to stem 25 at 75 (see Fig. 5) are cut from a wire 7'! supplied to the device from a source not shown in the draw ings. The wire feeding mechanism includes a guide plate 18 secured to the underside of the base block 13 by screws 79. The saidguide plate the umbrella or cane to be operated upon is in serted into the socket 24. With the umbrella or‘ cane in position and upon the next downward stroke of the press a pin-like tool 93 carried in a chuck 94 on head 42 will push the pin 75 into 50 is provided with an opening 80 through which the of pin out off wire passes upwardly and is normally frictionally may be adjusted by unscrewing or tightening the 55 held against by a ?at spring 8| secured to the cylinder ‘M on the threaded end 73 said plate 18 by a screw 82. The base block I 3 is provided with a slideway 83 at the left side thereof as Viewed in Figs. 6 and '7 in which is vice for pinning ferrules to the ends of umbrellas slidably mounted a wire feed bracket 84 which and for canes of various diameters. is provided at one end with a hole 85 which em 60 It is apparent that the speci?c embodiment shown above has been given by tion and not by way of limitation, and that the structure above described is subject to wide vari through. A plate '85 movably supported at one 65 ation and modi?cation without braces the reduced rod portion 12. Intermediate the end thereof the bracket 84 is perforated as at 85-85 for the passage of the wire 77 there scope of ‘the appended claims or _ equivalents are to be included in the present in vention. into position to contact the cam surface 53 for actuating the device for cutting the wire to form a pin 75. , 75 2,433,204; 5 ‘. by step rotatable disk above and in contact with the bushing and having a plurality of holes one for each step radially spaced from the center of the disk, said radial spacing’ being co-axial with the bushing when brought into alinement there with, a device vertically reciprocable on said 6. returning the said arm to normal position at the end of the return movement of said carrier. > 4. A device according to claim 1 wherein the ferrule supporting device is adjustably mounted on the base so as to accommodate ferrules of var ious diameters. 5. A ferrule affixing device, comprising a base, base for feeding wire through said bushing into means on said base for supporting a ferrule to be an alined opening in the disk on said return affixed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable movement, means for rotating the disk an angu carrier above said base carrying out an operative 10 lar distance equal to the distance between two movement and a return movement, a wire cut holes therein for shearing off a portion of wire ting and carrying disk overlying the base and during the operative movement and carrying bushing and rotatable thereabout, a wire feed same to eventually be positioned above the fer ing device vertically reciprocable beneath said rule, and a driving tool carried by the carrier for bushing and spaced at an angle to the ferrule driving said sheared off portion into the ferrule 15 supporting means, the said disk having openings on the operative movement of the carrier. therein adapted to be brought into alinement 2. A ferrule affixing device, comprising a base, with the bushing and wire feeding device, means means on said base for supporting a ferrule to on the carrier for operating the wire feeding de be affixed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable vice on the return movement of the carrier to 20 carrier above said base carrying out an operative feed wire through the bushing into the disk and movement and a return movement, a rotatable means associated with the carrier and disk or rotating the disk through an angle equal to the toothed disk above and in contact with the bush ing and having a number of holes therein equal angular distance between two openings on the to the number of teeth, said holes being radially next operative movement of the said carrier to spaced from the center of the disk the radial 25 cut off the wire within the disk and carry same towards the position of the ferrule supporting distance coinciding with the radial distance of the bushing from said center of the disk, means device. ‘ 6. A ferrule affixing device, comprising a base, for releasably holding said disk against rotation, means on said base for supporting a ferrule to be a pivotal arm co-axially mounted with the disk, 30 a?ixed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable a spring pressed pawl carried by said arm in en carrier above said base carrying out an operative gagement with the toothed disk, a device verti movement and a return movement, a wire cutting cally reciprocable on the said base for feeding and carrying disk overlying the base and bushing wire through said bushing into an opening in the disk on said return movement and for recip 35 and rotatable there about, a wire feeding device Vertically reciprocable beneath said bushing and rocating said wire feeding device, means on the spaced at an angle to the ferrule supporting carrier and arm for rotating said arm and disk means, the said disk having openings therein the angular distance between two teeth for adapted to be brought into alinement with the shearing off a portion of wire during the opera tive movement and carrying said wire portion 40 bushing and wire feeding device, means on the carrier for operating the wire feeding device on step by step to a position above the ferrule, a the return movement of the carrier, said wire driving tool carried by the carrier for driving feed operating means comprising a rod, and a said wire portion into the ferrule during the shoulder near the bottom of said rod for con operative movement of the carrier, and spring means for returning the said arm to normal po 45 tacting and moving the wire feeding device and wire carried thereby to feed a portion of the wire sition at the end of the return of said carrier. through the bushing into the disk to be cut off on 3. A ferrule affixing device, comprising a base, the next operative movement of the carrier. means on said base for supporting a ferrule to be '7. A ferrule af?xing device, comprising a base, a?ixed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable carrier above said base carrying out an operative 50 means on said base for supporting a ferrule to be movement and a return movement, a rotatable a?ixed, a wire bushing on said base, a. recipro cable carrier above said base carrying out an op toothed disk above and in contact with the bush erative movement and a return movement, a cut ing and a number of holes therein equal to the ting and carrying disk overlying the base and number of teeth, said holes being radially spaced from the center of the disk the radial distance 55 bushing and rotatable thereabout, a wire feeding device vertically reciprocable beneath said bush coinciding with the radial distance of the bush ing and spaced at an angle to the ferrule sup ing from said center of the disk, means for re porting means, the said disk having openings leasably holding said disk against rotation, a therein adapted to be brought into alinement pivotal arm co-axially mounted with the disk, a with the bushing and wire feeding device, means spring pressed pawl carried by said arm in en 60 on the carrier for operating the wire feeding de gagement with the toothed disk, a device vertical vice on the return movement of the carrier, said ly reciprocable on the said base for feeding wire wire feed operating means comprising a rod, a through said bushing into an opening in the disk shoulder near the bottom of said rod for con on said return movement, means on the carrier 65 tacting and moving the wire feeding device and for so reciprocating said wire feeding device, a wire carried thereby to feed a portion of the wire through the bushing into the disk to be cut off roller on the carrier, a cam on the arm for con on the next operative movement of the carrier, tacting the roller on the operative movement of means on the carrier for rotating the disk through the carrier for rotating said arm and disk the angular distance between two teeth for shearing 70 an angle equal to the angular distance between two openings on the next operative movement of o? a portion of wire and carrying same step by the said carrier to cut off the wire within the step to a, position above the ferrule, a driving disk and carry same towards the position of the tool carried by the carrier for driving said wire ferrule supporting device, a tool carried by the portion into the ferrule during the operative carrier for driving a cut off portion of the wire movement of the carrier, and spring means for 76 7 2,433,204 above the ferrule thereinto, and a second shoulder on therod above the ?rst mentioned-shoulder for contacting and moving the :wire- feeding de vice .free of the Wire to the aforementionedposi tion to be moved in wire feeding direct-ionby the next return movement of the carrier. -' 8. 'A device according to claim 6 wherein the‘ formingashoulder below the bracket, the upper shoulder adapted to contact the bracket to slide same down free ‘of the wire-on vthe operative movement and the lower shoulder contacting the sa-idbracket ,on the return movement to slide said bracket to feed the wire into the wire cut ting disk to be cut on upon the next operative movement of the carrier, and means on the car said shoulder is axially adjustable onthel-l-rod for moving the Wire feeding device greater .ior lesser distances. rier for driving the cut off wire into the ferrule 10 uponsaid operative movement of the carrier. 9. A device according to claim 7 wherein the 11. A device according to claim 10 wherein the ?rst mentioned shoulder is axiallyadjustable- on cylinder is adjustably mounted below said re the rod for moving the wire feeding-device greater duced portion. or lesser distances. 12‘ A ferrule af?xing device, comprising a base, 10. A ferrule a?ixing device, comprising abase, means on said base for supporting a ferrule tobe af?xed, a bushing on said base, a reciprocable carrier above said base carrying outan opera tive movement and a return movement, a-‘wire m'eans'on said base for supporting a ferrule to be aflixed, a reciprocable carrier above said base carrying out an operative movement and a re turn movement, a wire cutting device rotatably supported on the base, a wire grasping and feed cutting and carrying disk overlying thebase and bushing and rotatable thereabout, a plate se 20 ing device below the wire cutting device, means associated with the wire cutter for rotating same, cured to the base and provided withan opening means on the carrier for actuating the wire cut in axial alinement with the bushing, a bracket ter rotating means on the operative movement of slidably mounted in the base aboveisaid plate and the carrier, a wire feeding device-positioning and provided Withan opening in axial alinement with the bushing and opening in'the plate forpermit 25 feed actuating member carried by the carrier for freeing the wire feeding device from the wire and ting a wire to pass through said alined openings, positioning same for contact with the feed actu 3, spring on the plate frictionally maintaining the ating member so that said member will actuate said wire against the opening in said plate, a said wire feeding device to feed wire into the wire spring‘ pressed plate on the bracket in ~engage~ 30 cutting device to. be out upon the next operative ment with the wire for frictionally-holdingsame movement of the carrier, and means on the car against the bracket, a rod secured to the carrier, rier for driving a cut off wire portion into the a reduced portion on the rod passing through the ferruleon an operative movement of the carrier. bracket and forming a shoulder thereabove, an enlarged cylinder below the'reduced portion, and 35 FRANK DE BELLA. THOMAS P. DE BELLA.