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Jan- 6, 1948.
M. HElMLlcl-l ET AL
Filed May 5, 1944
Patented Jan. 6, 1948
Milton Heimlich. Larchmont, N- Y., and Floyd y
Ogden, Arlington, Mass. _
Application May 3, 1944, Serial No. I533,986
5,.- Claims. (Cl. 40e-20)
t0 fabrics or the like, anchas particular refer.
ence to a readilvfremevable „ticket ot temporary
mum of eiïort. The present ticket relies for at
tachment upon a thread or threads of -fleXible
. 5
character, yet it avoids the necessity for using a
sewing machine or otherwise providing a vmul
Tickets are attached to fabrics and garments `
for a variety oi purposes, e, g., to identify the tick
tiplicity of stitches for attaching purposes; and
eted thing, ortoconvey various kinds of informa
in the preferred embodiment `of our invention
tion such as the name of .the maker, the size or
quality, the Vprice at which it is tor be sold, and
the threads are completely invisible. l\./ioreove1_f,
the present ticket affords an »adequate surface fork
identification or other markings, and in the pre
the like. One important and Widely used type ‘
of ticket is that which is used in connection .with
commercial garment manufacturing, tickets be
ing attachedto various elements which have been
ferred embodimentr this surface is entirely flat
and clear; the ticket is irreplaceable once it has
been removed, thus avoiding unauthorized tam
pering or substitution; and the ticket is securely
cut from a length of fabric and are intended to
be subsequently assembled in the «form of -a gar
held in a flat constantly-visible position upon the
nient. In .such case, the purpose of theaticket
ing _is to assure the assembly in ,the ,garment of
certain particular elements, to avoid diñiculties
that might Otherwise >arise because of possible
shade variations in the cloth from which the ele
cause, it may be attached readily and inexpen
sively to a fabric of Yany thickness or character,
and it may be expeditiously removed with a mini
Qur present invention relates generally to eer,.
taîn. improvements Vin the attachment ci tickets
fabric. Where unusually rapid and expeditious
removal of the ticket is deemed desirable, the
ments have been out.
In all of the foregoing instances, and in many
others of similar character, vthe ticket is tem
present improvement> lends itself readily to the
achievement of this-result.
A further andparticularly desirable advantage
of the present ticket assembly lies in the fact that
the ticket and the attaching means form an in
porary in nature and is intended to be ultimately 25 tegral unit which assures simultaneous complete
removal of all its parts, By proper design of the
removed, While the attachment must be ñrm and
of which the ticket assembly is formed, this
reliable Vas long as it lasts, it must also-be of such
removal may be accomplished in a single manipu
a nature that removal may be effected easily and
lation which consists in nothing more than grasp
expeditiously. In some instances, as in -thecase
of shade-marking tickets, the ticket must be ca 30 ing the ticket and jerking it from the »fabric to
which it is- attached. Thus, no pieces of thread,
pable of removal `with«unusua1 dispatch, since the '
either knotted or unknotted, are left for subse
workman constructing a garment cannot afford to
quent painstaking removal, the fabric being en
take too much time or care in the removal of
the various tickets after the garment has been
Generally spealfz-ing,- a ticket of the foregoing
temporary character, together with its attaching
means, must comply not only with the require.
rnent that it be firmly attached yet .readily remov:
able, but for practical purposes the ticket and its
inode of attachment-must also be very inexperhÁ
sive, of such-a nature thatasuccession of tickets
may be rapidly and feasibly applied by Iñachine,
and nonfinjurious to the fabric.` Needless to say,
tirely clean and devoid of any vestige of the ticket
or its attachingthread-or threads, the instant that
the removal is efifected.
„ We `achieve the -foregoing objects and advanf
tages, and such other general objects and. ad
vantages as may hereinafter appear or be pointed
out, `in the manner illustratively exemplified in
the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure lisa perspective View illustrating the
invention inv its simplest form and showing a
.l ticket of the present improved character associ?
the ticket ymust also be of such a character that 45 ,fated with a piece of _fabricç v
Figure 2 is__ an enlarged cross-sectional view
the desired identification or other informational
matter may be feasihlv imprinted ori it."
It is a general object of our invention to provide
imvroved ticket assembly ef. the fret-caving eeri-~
erel starteten @emr-lying, tuliy with' these basic.
requirementsLand manifesting ‘a number of other
advantages.Í lQur present improved ticketasseme
bly is oi unusual simplicity, vity avoids the 'use oi
¿petal and the ßensequert
te fabricated
verlietrY which share metal; peints dif-’edges
taken substantially along the line 2-2 of Fig
ure 1;
Figure 3 is a `view similar to Figure l illustrat
ing a modi‘ñcation;
»Figure Llis a view similar to Figure 3 illus
s trating the preferred embodiment of- our inven-V
s rieure _tris a cross-,Settìeaelfviev teken .Silb
.stantiallv alone tberlireävâ O_f. Figure 4:
Figure 6 is a diagrammatic view indicating the
preferred mode of performing the attaching op
eration; and
Figure 7 is a view similar to Figure 5 illustrat
way that the medial portion forms a loop 25 on
the underside of the fabric 26 while the end por
tions 21 and 28 extend through the fabric and
through the inner layer 23 into sandwiched posi
ing one manner of removal of the ticket assembly.
In its simplest form, the ticket may consist of
nothing more than a single layer of sheet ma
as before, one or the other of the end portions
terial I0 which is held flat against the surface
(preferably the looped end portion 21) , thus form
tion between the layers 23 and 24. In this case,
21, 28 is securely bonded to the layers 23, 24
of a piece of fabric II by means of a ñexible at
ing a single unit of all the associated elements.
taching element I2. The element I2 may be a 10
One of the main advantages of the present im
provement lies in the simplicity of the operation
thread of cotton or other suitable material, and
it will be observed that the medial portion forms
required to bring about the desired interengage
a loop I3 back of the face of the fabric and as
ment of ticket, fabric, and thread. It is not
shown on the underside of the fabric (see Figure
necessary to employ a sewing machine of con
2) while the end portions I4 and I5 extend up 15 ventional type and mode of operation, nor any
wardly through the fabric and through the layer
I0, assuming positions on the upper face of the
latter. In accordance with our invention, a means
equivalent procedure for forming “stitches” in
the ordinary sense of the Word. A simple recipro
cating movement of a simple threading element is
all that is required. This will be described in
is provided for bonding at least one of the ends
I4, I5 to the layer IU so that this layer and 20 connection with the preferred embodiment of Fig
the attaching element I2 form a single insep
ure 4, although it will beunderstood that the ad
arable unit. We have illustratively shown how
vantages referred to are equally applicable to
this bonding may be effected by means of a mass
the other constructions shown.
of glue or adhesive I6 applied to the upper sur
In assembling the parts of Figure 4, the at
face of the layer I8 adjacent to and surrounding 25 taching element is first associated with the fabric
the end portion I5 of the attaching element I2.
26 and with the inner layer 23, as indicated most
The element ID may be composed of paper, thin
clearly in Figure 6. This may be conveniently
cardboard, or other equivalent inexpensive sheet
and efficiently accomplished by threading the at
material, and may have any desired contour, al
tachment element through a needle or equivalent
though usually a simple square or rectangular 30 element 29 which has an eye 30 at its forward
shape is most desirable. The upper face of the
end, this needle being caused to reciprocate in an
element II) is intended to bear the desired mark
axial direction while the plies 2E and 23 are re
ings, for identification or other purposes.
tained in a curved condition, as shown. Alterna
The fact that the attaching element I2 is in
tively, the needle 29 may be curved, While the
tegrally bonded to the ticket I0 permits the as 35 plies 28 and 23 are held in substantially flat un
sembly to be removed in its entirety as a single
curved condition. In either case, the advance
unit. Under certain circumstances this may be
ment of the needle first causes a penetration
done by simply grasping the ticket at any edge
through the layer 23 and the fabric 25 to bring the
portion thereof and jerking it from the fabric.
thread to the underside of the latter, and then
Where only one end portion of the attaching ele
causesv a second penetration through the fabric
ment is secured to the ticket, as in the embodi
2B and the layer 23 to bring the looped end of
ment of Figures 1 and 2, the removal of the unit
the fastening element to the upper side of the
from the fabric I I is accompanied by a retractive
layer 23. This looped end is then grasped by any
movement of the unattached end portion I4
suitable mechanism, while the needle undergoes a
through the ticket and the fabric so that ulti 45 reti-active movement. The thread is then severed
mately all portions of the element I2 except the
by any suitable knife or cutting instrumentality
bonded end I5 lie on the rear or underside of
the ticket.
In Figure 3 we have illustrated a modification
in which the attaching element consists of a
length of thread doubled upon itself so that one
of the end portions is a loop I1 lying on the upper
surface of the ticket I8, while the opposite end
portion of the> attaching element consists of the
two adjacent ends I9. In this case, as before,
the medial portion of the attaching element forms
a loop 20 on the underside of the fabric 2|. Ad
hesive is employed to secure one or both of the
(on the near side of the needle so that the latter
remains threaded), as a result of which the fas
tening element is in the desired relationship to the
fabric 25 and the layer 23. The upper layer 24
is then applied, with the aid of adhesive, thus
sandwiching the ends 21 and 28 between the two
layers 23 and 24.
While reference has heretofore been made t0
the bonding of only one end portion of the at
taching element, the preferred practice of our
invention involves the simultaneous bonding of
both end portions. Thus, in Figures 1 and 2, in
end portions to the upper face of the ticket I8
stead of applying adhesive or equivalent bonding
and in the embodiment of Figure 3 we have shown 60 material to only the end portion I5, a similar
a mass of glue or the like 22 associated with the
bond is formed between the end portion I4 and
looped end portion I1 to bond the latter firmly
the'ticket I8. Similarly, in Figure 3, instead of '
and securely to the ticket. This forms a unitary
applying the adhesive 22 to only the looped end
assembly of parts whereby, as hereinbefore de
portion I1, a similar bond is formed between the
scribed, the mere grasping of the ticket, coupled
end portion I9 and the ticket I8. In the two-ply
with a jerking movement away from the fabric 2 I,
construction of Figures 4-7, both end portions
vmay under certain circumstances serve to bring
21 and 28 are bonded to the ticket, and this may
about complete removal of the entire unit.
be accomplished very readily by the single act of
The preferred embodiment of our invention is
adhesively uniting the layers 23 and 24, since the
illustrated most clearly in Figures 4-7, and it will 70 adhesive which holds these two layers together
be observed that we have shown the employment
may serve at the same time to bond both end
of two superposed layers of sheet material 23 and
portions 21 and 2B in sandwiched integrally-unit
24. These layers are adhesively united and a flex- _
ed relationship to the resultant assembly.
ible attaching element of the character shown in
Where both end portions of the attaching ele
Figure 3 is associated with the device in such a 75 ment are thus bonded to the ticket, a single in
a readily-removable ticket comprising a layer of
sheet material, and a, flexible attaching element
securing said layer to said fabric, the medial
5. The combination with a piece of fabric, of
a, readily-removable ticket comprising a layer of
neath the surface of the fabric upon which the
layer of sheet material is superposed, While the
end portions of said element extend out from
sheet material, and a flexible attaching element
securing said layer to said fabric, the medial
portion of said element forming a loop lying be
neath the surface of the fabric, upon which the
layer of sheet material is superposed, while the
said fabric in the direction of and are secured
end portions of said element extend out from
portion offsaid element forming a loop lying be
to said layer, said attaching element comprising
said fabric in the direction of and are adhesively
a length of thread doubled on itself so that one 10 secured to said layer, said attaching element com
of said end portions comprises a loop, said thread
prising a length of thread doubled on itself so
having tensile strength sufficiently 10W to achieve
that one of said end portions comprises a loop
severance thereof by merely jerking said ticket
and having a tensile strength sufficiently low to
from the fabric.
achieve severance thereof by merely jerking said
4. The combination with a, piece of fabric, of
ticket from the fabric.
.a readily-removable ticket comprising two super
posed adhesively united layers of sheet material,
and a iiexible attaching element securing said
ticket to said fabric, the medial portion of said
element forming a loop lying beneath the sur
face of said fabric upon which the layers of sheet
material are superposed while the end portions
thereof extend out from said fabric in the direc
tion of and through the inner layer of sheet ma
terial into sandwiched secured relation between
said layers, said attaching element comprising
a length of thread doubled on itself so that one of
said end portions comprises a loop, said thread
being of a tensile strength suñìciently low to
achieve severance thereof by -merely jerking said
ticket from the fabric.
The following references are of record in the
file of this patent:
Hacherelle _______ __ Sept. 6,
St. John _________ __ July 18,
Anthony ________ __ Mar. 23,
Simpson _________ __ Jan. 14,
White ____________ 1_ Aug. 2, 1921
Hoenigsberg et al. ___ Nov. 21, 1939
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