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June 1, 1948.
2,442,738
D. WHITTENBERG
HEATED FORM FOR PROGRESSIVELY CASTING CLAY WALLS IN PLACE
4 Sheets-Sheet 1
Filed Sept. 12, 1945
a:
46
INVENTOR.
DELMER WHITTENBERG
8'
yr é2m¢%.
ATTD RN EYE
June 1, 1948.
D. WHITTENBERG
2,442,738
HEATED FORM FOR PROGRESSIVELY CASTING CLAY WALLS IN PLACE
Filed Sept. 12, 1945
'
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4 Sheets-Sheet 2
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INVENTOR.
'DELMER WHITTENBERG
ATTD RN EYB
June 1, 1948.
‘ D. wHlTTENBERG
_'
2,442,738
HEATED FORM FOR PROGRESSIVELY CASTINiG CLAY WALLS IN PLACE
Filed Sept. 12', 1945
4 Sheets-Sheet 3
78
1
62
I
I
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24'
20/
IN VENTOR.
_DELMER WHIVTTENBERG
ATTD RN EYE
June 1, 1948.
‘D. WHITTENBERG
2,442,738
HEATED FORM FOR PROGRESSiVEL-Y CASTING ‘CLAY WALLS IN PLACE
Filed Sept. 12, 1945
iii‘
4 Sheets-Sheet
INVENTOR.v
DELMER WHITTENBERG
ATTORNEYS
'
2,442,738
Patented .iune l, ‘194%
erases-s ear-e
2,442,738a '
HEATEDFORMZ
CASTING: GLAY
FOR
WALLS.» IN. PLACE =~
Delmer Whittenberg, Muskogee, Okla;
Application: September 12, 19.45, SeriaK-No; ‘615,762 '
3 Claims. (01. 25-2431)?
1
This invention relates to heated-forms torprm~
gressively casting tile walls in- place; and a meth~
0d of placing reinforced clay’ and curing, it
place.
The usual method of construction: of tile-struc
tures is by use of precast blocks laid‘ in thesame
manner and secured the same as brick iii-mortar
2‘-
I .
outer walls 24, and spacedtherefrom transverselyv
the- desired thicknesgmfthe: wall A,. which-‘is
constructed of- clay: orlisi-milar» ‘materials.’ The.
walls“ 2% are ‘made.- removable so- that the clay
can be placed against the formed wall section.
or clay (can be placed against clay during? the
forming of- subsequent ‘walls sections;
The inner walls Sit-extend‘. longitudinally of
An object of this invention is to’ eliminate. this
the form 213 and are joined atttheirendslby inner
old method and shape the Wall withlwi-reimesh
reinforcing and’ then cure- thewall in its-.permae 10: end: wallet-2 to form- vertical-tubes or compart
ments 34.~
nent position.
The outer sidewalls 24 and thevinterionof. the.
This method, therefore, will‘ construct homes.
tubes-3.4 are covered with asbestospr similar.
that are inexpensive, durable, termite-proof and
material: 36 that have the» heating . elements...“
?re proof’. Homes can be built with greater speed _
and less cost with tlus :method than-with the 15! embedded therein and. current.issupplied-thereto
methods previously used.
With these and other objects and- advantages
in view the invention consists of the novel de
tails of construction, arrangement, and combine..
tion of parts more fully hereinafter described-1
claimed and illustrated in- the accompanying
drawings in which:
Figure l is a side elevation of the form-“and
guide embodying the invention.
by the‘ powerline 40.,
Thewhea-tin'g elements 38. on- the side Walls124 are
positioned intermediate ~ L~beams 42 .which = are
placed at the upper and lower edges otithe form
and extend» longitudinally thereof .to. function .as
guidesfor the-form ‘within: theiframe :22; and
the ends thereof are joinedby- meansof L-beams.
43.
Extending longitudinally ofthe- top .23 andse
25; cured-thereto bywweldingg-at the: medial... line.
Figure 2 is a top plan view thereof.
thereofiszthe channel’ iron beam“. 1 Thisbeam.
Figure 3 is and end elevation thereof.
44 with the beams 42 serve togstrengthen. and
Figure 4 is a sectional view on' the line 4—-4 of
reinforce;
the .fonm- .20.~.
’
Figure 1.
A-pipe 45 secured-tothe-form at. the medial
Figure 5 is a sectional view on the line 5-i-5
30* point thereof serves ~to--feed:.the clay intmthe.
of Figure 4.
form
it is pumped -.thereto~by. means of the
Figure 6 is a sectional view on the line 6—-6 of
pump jack 48.
Figure 5.
The-frame- .22» comprises vertical- L-beamsill
Figure 7 is a sectional View on the line .'l—'-T of
which
receive the_...beams 42’. and function as
Figure 1.
guides .for. the. form :20. as. it uses vertically. The
Figure 8 is an elevational view of the. pump
beams ‘56- are disposed on opposite side's‘of’ the
or mud jack partly broken away.
forms at the outer endsgthereof and ‘are formed‘
Figure 9 is a fragmentary view showing aprei
at their upper edges *byhori'zontal’ longitude
cast tile in the wall to shape the openingstherein.
inally'extending'L-ebeams 52' and'transverse ex
Figure 10 is a perspective view of the pre-cast
40 tending L-beams 54 making a compact unit
tile.
which is further strengthened by means of the
Figure 11 is a top plan view of a form for shap
crossed steel strap braces 56.
ing a corner segment of wall.
The ends of the form are provided with half
Figure 12 is a side and end view of the form
tubes 58 which will coact with other half tubes
and guide for shaping a corner segment of wall,
45 when the neXt section of wall is joined to cast
and
the vertical air spaces in the walls caused by the
Figure 13 is a sectional View on the line l3-—l3
tubes 34 and half tube 58.
of Figure 12.
The inner sides of the end walls 26 are pro
Referring more in detail to the drawings, the
vided with vertical relatively spaced steel rods
reference numeral 20 designates a wall form
which is slidably mounted for vertical movement 50 60 welded thereto which form vertical grooves
within the frame 22.
in the walls as they are constructed.
These
‘
grooves are adapted to receive ties to secure align
The form Zil comprises outer side walls 24, re
ment of the segments formed by this method in
movable end walls 25 and closed top 28. Se
constructing the walls.
cured to the top 28 by welding or other means
Secured to the lower L-beams 42 at an in
are the inner walls Ell which are parallel to the 55
2,442,738
4
clined relation thereto so that the upper end
thereof extends beyond the beams 50 are the roll
the tubes in the form are ?lled with coal, char
coal or coke which is ignited, the wall is draped
supporting rods 62, which are adapted to sup
port the rolls of wire mesh 64. The rolls 62 are
previously described and the cooking continued.
with an asbestos tarpaulin, blowers are applied as
placed on opposite sides of the form 20 and the
When the wall contains the correct amount of
wire mesh 64 is fed therefrom to the walls
heat salt is applied to make the glaze and is
‘ through the longitudinally extending slots 66
cooled under the tarpaulin to minimize cracking.
formed in the top 28 of the form.
As the clay is supplied to the form the heating
Hooks 68 secure the ends of the wire mesh
units connected thereto will start to heat and
in position with relation to the form 20 and I 10 cook the clay so that as the form rises the clay
beams 50. At the time the wire mesh 64 is rolled
has started to harden and will be partially cooked
the tin liner 10 is rolled with it so that as the ‘
when the desired height has been reached.
wire mesh 64 is embedded in the wall the liner
Forms can be made to cover openings under
76 passes between the inner surface of 'the‘outer
and about windows and doors, and the founda
walls 24 and the wall under construction as shown 15 tion is excavated and leveled before the forms are
in Figure '7.
When the wall segment is being formed, the
placed in position.
.
It is believed that the operation and construc
precast tiles 12 are laid at the bottom thereof to . tion ofthe form and the method for making the
form openings to permit blowers for controlling
wall will be clearly understood by those skilled
the heat applied to the segment to be inserted 20 in the art and that modi?cations and changes
therein as shown in Figure 9.
in the arrangement and combination of the var
In Figure 1, a block and tackle ‘I4 is shown con
ious parts used to carry out the invention may be
nected to the frame to lift the form manually
resorted to without extending beyond the spirit
when it is desired to move it from location to lo
and scope of the invention.
cation.
_
Having thus described the invention, what is
25
In Figure 2, the L-beams 52 are notched at 16,
claimed as new and desired to be secured by Let
where the I-beams are connected thereto to pre
ters Patent is:
vent end play and retain the beams in true align
l. A structure for constructing a wall compris
ment with each other.
ing a form having outer side and end walls and a
In Figure 7 the connections to the pipe 46 are 80 closed top, vertical tubes in said form, means for
shown and a ?exible pipe 18 is connected to the
feeding material to said form, a frame for slid
series of elbows 80 on ‘the pump jack 48 which
ably mounting said form in said frame for verti
comprises the housing 82 and screw 84 to which
cal movement, and heating elements secured to
power is supplied through the shaft 86 for forc
said outer walls and the interior of said tubes.
ing the clay into the form 20.
35
2. The invention as in claim 1 wherein L
shaped beams are secured to the upper and lower
edges of the form to function as a guide for said
construction remains as previously described, ex
form, and upwardly inclined rods are secured to
cept that the corner tube 92 is formed at the cor
said lower L-shaped beams for supporting a tin
ner of the segment as shown in Figure 13.
40 liner and wire mesh.
The channel iron beam 94' is now L-shaped in
3. The invention as in claim 1 wherein longi
form and the pipe 96 is connected thereto as was
tudinal slots are provided in the top of said form
the pipe 46 to the channel iron 44.
to permit a tin liner and wire mesh to be fed into
The I-beams 98 lie at right angles to each other
said form.
and the longitudinally extending L-beams I00 45
DELMER WHITTENBERG.
connect their upper ends and their ends are con
In Figures 11, 12 and 13 the form 90 is L-shaped
to construct the corner segment otherwise, the
nected by the transverse beams I02.
REFERENCES CITED
This invention consists of a heated form 20 for
The
following
references are of record in the
shaping soft clay and partially curing it su?i
ciently to hold its shape and place until the wall 60 ?le of this patent:
is completed and this is accomplished by the fol
UNITED STATES PATENTS
lowing method of operation:
Number
Name
Date
The clay which has been previously mixed is
536,376
Dockery ________ __ Mar. 26, 1895
pumped to the form 2!] by means of the jack pump
1,539,023
Roberts __________ __ May 26, 1925
48 and as the form ?lls it will rise slowly by the 55 1,642,393
Westphal et al. ____ Sept. 13, 1927
power of the incoming clay forced therein by the
‘1,655,676
Daggett __________ __ Jan. 10, 1928
pump 48. After the walls have been poured to
2,209;726
Fleming __________ __ July 30, 1940
the desired height, the voids therein formed by
2,314,468
Urschel __________ __ Mar. 23, 1943
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