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Juné 29‘, 1948- ‘.
‘w. DE BACK
I
2,444,155
' CAN FIPLING PJACHINE
Filed Nov. 27, 1944
SSheeis-Sheet 1
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1470‘
INVENTCR ‘
BY
’ ATTORNEYS
June 29, 1948.
'
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w. D_E BACK
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2,444,155
CAN FILLING MACHINE
Filed Nov. ‘27', 1944 ‘
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INVENTOR
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June 29, 19481
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CAN FILLING MACHINE‘ "
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INVENTOR
, ((j'lealm 046204
Ma
ATTORNEYS
Patented June 29, 1948
‘
“UNI
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E55 PATENT ' ‘()F‘FliC-E
,2;44=¢l,155
CAN‘TFILLING MACHINE
William de BachNiagara Falls, N. Y,‘ assignor ‘to
io?hisholm-nltyder ‘:Company, Incorporated, Ni
Ialgara‘lifalls, N. Y, arcorporation of‘New York
v
Application ‘November 27, 1944, Serial N0.’ ‘565,197 ‘
ZG-Glaims. (Cl. 22.6-—10_0)
‘Iihis invention relates to a can zflllingtmachme
andinore particularly to a high speed can ?lling
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary top planview on an ‘en
larged scale.
machine which ?lls a succession of teams with ‘
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary vertical longitudinal
measured amounts of ‘fruit ‘or vegetables and ‘.a
section through the liquid :reservoirand solid ma
liquld and discharges the filled cans ‘for further ' 5 terial‘hopper and showingthe face plate removed.
processing.
‘
Fig. v5 is a fragmentary vertical transversesec
01.1.8 of the principal objects of the invention is
to provide such a can ?ller Whichpperatesat high
tion taken on:line.5-.5, Fig-12
i
Figs. 6, 7 and 8 are fragmentary vertical 1ongi~>
speed, rapidlyreceiving empty cans and discharg- ,
tudinal sections taken on the correspondingly
ing them a filled condition for furtherprocess- 10 :numbered lines on Fig. 5..
ing.
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary view, similar to Fig. 6
Another object of the invention is to provide
and showing amodi?ed form of the invention.
such apparatus which will accurately fill each can
Fig. 10 is, a fragmentary sectional view taken
for which the machine is set, the measured 15
with the exact amount of solid and liquid content
on line Ill-l?Fi-g. 9.
The operating parts of the can ?lling machine
amounts of liq-Hid and solids being separately fed
to each can for this purpose,
Another aim isto provide such a can ?lling
are mounted on a standard which comprises a
base section l5, which can contain an electric
motor (not shown) to drive the machine, and a
machine whichis. reliable, in operation and is not
top section 15 which is formed to support the
adversely affected out of round or other other- ‘20 various parts of the machine as hereinafter de
wise slightly defective cans being supplied to the
machine.
'
scribed.
“
Suitably journaled in this top section N3 of the
Another purpose is to provide such a machine
standard is a main drive shaft l8'which carries a
inwhich the solids and liquids, can be fed to the
bevel gear [9 keyed thereto, a drive sprocket '29
machine either‘ in batches‘ or- as a continuous- 25 being fast to the hub of this bevel gear L‘). This
Stream, thel‘?by tqrlfcfrder the machine applicable
drive sprocketZll can be connected by a chain or
tofthe; particular conditions encountered in“ the
canneryin which the machinesis installed“
‘Another: object is to providesucha machine in
in any other suitable manner (not shown) with
the power source within the base P5 of the ma
chine. The end of the main drive shaft I8 also
Whieh the‘ absence of‘ a can in anyone of the 30v is shown as projecting outwardly from the ‘rear
pocketsv which’ receive the. succession of, cans is
side of the top section I6 of the standard; this
immediately detected and the machineadiusted
permitting a hand wheel 2| to be attached there
tolprevent the'empty-pocketfrom being ?llediwith»
to as shown- in- Fig. 2 or permitting the operating
eithél‘ liquid 01‘ Solid materialpower to be taken from an‘ external» source.
Another Object is. to. ‘provide Such a machine 35:‘, A gear 23 is fast to the forward end- of the main ‘
which can readily be agdlustedto proyidetheexe
actl?llof liquid. and solid. contents of, each canas
drive shaft is, this gear meshing with a Vertical
bull gear ring 24. Thisbull gear ring 24 is fast
desired.
to a disk 25 which projects radially outward from
Another Object, E to providesucha machine-in‘
the forward face of ‘the bullring gear and is so
whichol'eakage‘of theliquids or. solids. in?lllng the‘ ‘idscured at its periphery to the rear ?ange of a drum
can is.‘,-avoided,
' 26 which can‘be provided with holes inits periph
thertobject isito providetsuch?a canv?llingy
machineoin which’ the contents, in the-?lledl-can
can‘ hel-tamped‘ therehy-tosecureiaksolid pack“
ery, as shown int-Fig. 5,-to permit access to the
interior thereof. This drum 2-6 is integral‘ with
a can?lling wheelindicatedgenerally at 28. This
otherttiects are to;provide"sucha can r?llingv 451 can ?lling wheel has a cylindrical rim 29 which
machine?whichiis simple inconstruotion, consid-t
is integral with the drum 26 and has an integral
erin "thejunction which it,‘ performsandwhichr
rear vertical wall 30' which is‘integral witha hub
willstandsupconditions of severepgand con-l ‘
3|. This hub issupported-by a pair of'anti fric
stajntusewithouttgetting outpf order ol'requlring
tion bearings 32‘ on the projecting end of a sta
repairs,“ J
_
i
'
50ttionary horizontal rod 33, this rod being secured
In'the‘accompanying drawings:
to the ‘top section 16 of the‘ standard vin- any suit-v
Fig. '1 is a side elevationsoftazcans?llingimag-i.
chine;.ernbodyingtheipresent.invention... v
Ei'ggz
"
reqgggg 35531131,“,
able way.
‘
‘
The cans, 35‘ to be ?lled are brought with their
olif'iedttopsplanlView thereof‘zono'a-i ‘
months or open ends’ into- engagement'with the ‘
55 periphery ofv the rim-290i the can ?lling Wheel
2,444,155
4
28 and this rim is preferably faced with a cylin
drical sleeve or tire 36. At spaced intervals this
facing sleeve or tire 36 of the can ?lling wheel
is provided with a circular opening leading to a
pocket 38 provided in the rim 29 of the can ?lling
wheel, each of these pockets 38 receiving the end
?ange 39 at the outer end of a radial sleeve or
cylinder '48, the body of each of these cylinders
extending through a circular opening 41 in the
bottom of each pocket 38 as best shown in Fig. 6.
The sleeves or cylinders 46 are therefore radially
supported at their outer ends on the rim 29 of
the can ?lling wheel through which they extend,
.
reservoir 60 is shown as formed integrally with.
the top portion l6 of the machine, standard and
as having an open side facing the periphery of
the can ?lling wheel 28, the rim 62 of the reser
voir around this open side engaging the periph
ery of the can ?lling wheel so as to prevent leak
age of the liquid between the reservoir and can
?lling wheel, this reservoir being located on the
rising side of the can ?lling wheel. The reser
10 voir 68 can be maintained full of the liquid, such
as brine or syrup, in any suitable manner.
After leaving the liquid reservoir .60 the periph
ery of the can ?lling wheel passes under the open.
bottom of a solid material hopper 65. The lower’
these sleeves or cylinders 49 being regularly
spaced around the can ?lling wheel. The pur 15 part 66 of this hopper is preferably made integral
with the top section l6 of the machine standard
pose of these radial sleeves or cylinders 40 is to
and around its open lower end is provided with
receive measured charges of the liquid and solids
a rim. 68 which engages the periphery of the can
which are discharged against a, can 35 held with
?lling wheel 28 so as to prevent leakage of the
its mouth or open end against the outer end
thereof. To prevent leakage while the cans 35 20 solids between the hopper and the can ?lling
wheel. The upper part 69 of the hopper is pref
are being so ?lled, the end ?ange 39 of each
sleeve or cylinder 48 is provided with a ring or
erably removably attached to the bottom part
gasket 43 of rubber or other soft, resilient, plastic
material which surrounds the bore of the sleeve
or cylinder and is adapted to receive the open
66 so as to facilitate the cleaning thereof and .
this upper part is open to permit the solid mate- rials tobe poured as a stream or in batches into 4
end of the can, as hereinafter described, and pro
vide a leaktight seal between each can and the
the hopper.
theIt hopper
is desirable
65 without,
to agitatehowever,
the solid bruising
materialsthe
in ~.
can ?lling wheel.
same, so as to insure their ?ow into the open- .
Within each of these radial sleeves or cylinders
ends of the sleeves or cylinders 40 presented by "
46 is arranged a compound piston or pair of pis
the rotating periphery of the can ?lling wheel 5
tons, one drawing a measured charge of liquid
28. For this purpose a wire spiral 10 is arranged .
into the cylinder and the other drawing a charge
in the bottom of the hopper With its axis arranged .
of solids into the cylinder. The piston 45 for the
generally tangential to the can ?lling wheel 28
solids comprises an end head 46 and an integral
skirt 48, this skirt sliding in the bore of the 35 and with its convolutions closely approaching the periphery thereof. The upper end of this wire .
corresponding cylinder 40 and being provided
spiral ‘Ill is preferably journaled in a bearing ‘H
with one or more piston rings to prevent leakage.
The inner end of each skirt 48 is closed by an
end head 49, this end head having an axial tubu
lar stem 50 which extends radially toward the
axis of the can ?lling wheel, the bore 5| through
this tubular stem 56 leading to the chamber
in the upper wall of the lower part 66 of the hopper, as best shown in Fig. 4 and the lower -
solids.
the rear wal1 of the hopper and which meshes:
with the bull gear ring 24 through a suitable hole‘
end of this wire spiral 10 projects through a bear- ~
ing 12 in the lower wall of the lower part 66 of '
the hopper. To the lower end of the wire spiral .
10 which projects outwardly from the hopper is l
formed ‘between the heads 46 and 49 of the piston.
secured a bevel pinion 13 which meshes with a
Within this chamber is mounted the plunger or
piston 53 for the liquid, each piston 53 sliding 45 bevel pinion 14 fast to a horizontal shaft 15 which
is suitably journaled on the exterior of the lower '
in the bore of the corresponding'skirt 48 and
part 66 of the hopper. This shaft extends fore- having one or more piston rings to prevent leak
and-aft and at its rear end is fast to a gear 16. .
age. This plunger or piston 53 for the liquid is
As best shown in Fig. 2, this gear 16 meshes with:
provided with a stem 54 which slides in the bore
5| of the tubular stem 50 of the piston 45 for the 60 an idler gear 18 which is suitably journaled on:
The solids or liquids are drawn into the sleeves
provided in the top portion [6 of the machine:
or cylinders through the outer ends thereof and
to permit the plunger 53 to act on the liquids,
standard.
Means are provided for reciprocating each pisr
the outer head 46 of each piston 45 for the solids 55
ton 45 for the solid materials in proper sequence
is provided with one or more openings 55, these
to draw in a charge from the hopper 65 and to
openings permitting the liquid to enter the cham
expel this charge into a can positioned on the
bers 56 in an amount dependent upon the degree
periphery‘ of the can ?lling wheel 28. For this
of retraction of the plungers 53. Also in each of
these chambers 56 is arranged a helical compres 60 purpose the inner end of the stem 58 of each
piston 45 is fast to the end of an arm 80 which,
sion spring 58, these helical compression springs
as best shown in Figs. 5 and 6 projects forwardly
being shown as each surrounding a stem 59 fast
from an elongated shoe 8| the longitudinal sides
to the bottom of the piston head 46 and sliding
of which are slidingly mounted in radial slots 82
in a bore provided in the stem 54 of the corre—
sponding plunger 53, the springs 58 being seated 65 provided in the rear wall 30 of the can ?lling
wheel 28. Each of these shoes 8| carries a roller
in these bores, as shown at the bottom of Fig. 5.
83 on its rear side, these rollers riding on a cam
These helical compression springs 58 tend to hold
track 84 provided on the front face of a stationary
the plungers 53 in their fully retracted position
cam disk 85. The hub of this cam disk is ar
and hence tend to hold the chambers 55. fully
70 ranged to surround the hub 3| of the can ?lling
distended.
,
wheel 28 and is ?xed to the adjacent part of the
The can ?lling wheel 28 rotates clockwise as
top section I6 of the machine frame.
'
viewed in the drawings and to ?ll each sleeve or
The roller 830i each shoe 8| is held in engage
cylinder 4|] with a measured amountof liquid,
the periphery of the can ?lling wheel is ?rst I ment with the radially outwardly facing side of
brought into aliquid reservoir 60.‘ This liquid 75 the cam track 84 by a plurality of helical com-.
5
334443155
pression springs" 88 which are interposed between
the him‘ 29 of thecan ?lling’ wheel 23 i and the arm
89 of each shoe 8l§~so ‘that these springs also
serve to yieldingly hold each piston'llifor the
.Inerthe full linepositiom the pistons 45 are drawn
radiallyn-inward‘ their maximum ~ extent "while
traversing the hopper‘ 65 forlthe solid materials
and hence‘ the maximum charge of solid materials
will lbe drawn into the sleeves or cylinders 49. In
bore of the corresponding cylinder or'sleeve' 40'.
the dotted line' position shown in Fig. 2, of the
Each series of these helical compression springs
movable section~92 of the camtrack, the pistons
‘88 surround a rod 99 which is fast to the'rim 29
45 are. drawn inwardly their minimum extent
of the can ?lling wheel 28, as shown in Fig. 5, and
while traversing the‘ hopper 65 for the solid mate
projects radially inward through a hole provided 10 rialsand hence the'minimum charge of :solid ma
in the arm 89 of the corresponding shoe 8i. Small
terials will be drawn into the sleeves or cylinders
sleeves 99 are interposed between the ends of the
49. In ordertolprovide a smooth passage of the
springs 98 of each series. The purpose of provid
rollers 83 from the outer end of the movable sec
ing these helical compression springs 88 in series
tion 92 of the cam track to thestationary part
with the small sleeves 99 interposed therebe 15 89b thereof in all, adjusted positions of the mov
tween is to permit the remain-derof the springs
able cam track section 92, atail piece track sec
to‘function Home of the ‘springs should-‘break.
tion- 95 is pivoted on; the outer end of the mov
‘Thus if a single spring were provided and‘were to
able section 92 and hasits outer end arranged to
break, the ‘broken ends would ‘Wind upon‘ each
slide along the radially outward face of the sta
other and the spring would be rendered inopera 20 tionary part 89b of this cam track.
tive. By sectionalizing the springs as shown such ‘
vIn order to adjust the movable section 92 of
breaking and windingup of one spring would not
the caintrack to anylposition‘intermediate the
affect the other two springs which would continue
‘full and dottedlline positions in Fig. .2 to so vary
to function inretracting its piston 45 and in keep
‘the ?ll of solid materials in each can, a shaft 96
ing' its roller 99 in engagement with the cam track 26 ispivoted on the cam disk or. plate 95 to project
84.
rearwardly therefrom. On‘ this adjusting shaft
Aside elevation of- thecam plate 85 and its
is fixed a leven??, this lever being mounted in
cam‘track 841s shown in Fig. '7. From this‘view
rear of the cam- disk or plate 85 and having a pin
it will be seen that the cam track has a radially
99 at its outer end which projects throughan
salient vpart 84a and a radial receding part 84b. 80 arcuate slotl?llin the cam disk or‘ plate 85, this
When a roller 89 is traveling along salient part
arcuate slot being concentric with
adjusting
.840,’ its piston ‘655 is held in its fully projected posi
shaft- 955. Thepin- 99 engages a slot Hit in the
solid materials in its retracted position in - the
tion in the outer part of its sleeve or cylinder 49,
movable section 92 of the cam track. Any man
against the resistance of its springs 98, as illus
ual means (not shown) can be employed to move
trated at ‘the bottom of Figs. 5 and 6. This posi 85 the? adjusting shaftig? to different positions and
tion is maintained while the ?lled can is being
it will be. seen that in any position of this adjust
discharged from the bottom of the can wheel and
ingshaft its arn193 and pinv 99 .will hold the
while the piston is traversing the liquid reservoir
movablesection' 92 of the cam track in a position
60. At about the nine o’clock position of the pis
to effecta corresponding ?ll of each can.
ton 45 it enters the solidmaterials hopper 65 and 40 In a. similar .manner. any desired charge of
its roller 83 also encounters the receding part of
liquid 7 can be provided in each can. For this
the, ‘cam track. As the roller moves radially in
purpose the tubular stem 59 of each piston #35 is
ward-under the influence of the springs 88 in fol
longitudinallyslotted on its front and‘rear sides,
lowing this receding portion of the cam track 84,
asindicated at-lilii inFigs. 5 and 6, and in these
its piston 45 ‘likewise moves inwardly thereby
slots of~each piston stem is arranged a pin Hi9
drawing a charge of the solid materials from the 4.5 which extends through the stem 56 of the corre
hopper 65 into its sleeve or cylinder 49. At about
sponding plunger 53 and extends outwardly from
the twelve o'clock position a can is applied, up
the slots E95. To one end of each of these pins
side down, over the mouth of the sleeve or cylinder
We is secured the arm I98 of an. elongated shoe
49 and at this time the piston t5 is fully retracted, 5.0 M9, the sides of thisshoe being guided by the
as illustrated at the top of Figs. 5 and 6. There
longitudinal edges of radial slots I Hi provided in
after the roller 93 encounters a rising part of the
a. cam disk or plate H I. This cam disk or plate
cam track 84 and is forced outwardly, together
H E’ has, a rim I I2 which is secured to the rim 29
with its piston 65, against the resistance of its
of the cam ?lling wheel-28 and is provided at its
springs 88. This forces the charge of solid ma ,55 center.‘ with .a hole. H3 around the horizontal
terials from the cylinder or sleeve 49 into the
supporting rod 33 on which the can wheel 2i‘; is
can, the transfer being complete before thesix
journaled.‘ This cam disk orv plate H l carries
o’clock position when the can is released.
a camtrack'llll which projects axially inward
' It will be seen that the amount of the charge
from its inner face and is engaged on its radially
of the solid materials in. each sleeve or‘ cylinder 60 outward side by rollers H6 carried by the several
.49, and hence in each can, can be adjusted by
shoes 199. The camtrack “5a is provided with
varying the shape of the cam track 84, that is by
axially salientand receding portions H5 and l [5b
varying the degree of radial projection of this cam
and as the. rollers 1 l9 traverse the cam track the
track opposite the opening at the bottom of the
shoes I99 and plungers 93 are reciprocated to
hopper‘ 95 for the solid materials. To this end 65 draw the. desired charge of liquid into the cham
that portion of the cam track 84 along the hopper
ber 59 inside each piston 45. and to expel this
65 is in the form of an arcuate arm 92 which is
charge into the can. .Each. plunger 93 is yield
pivoted to the cam disk or plate 85 at 93 and has a
ingly held in its radial inward position by its heli
rounding nose 94 which provides a smooth trans
cal compression spring 98, these springs thereby
fer of the rollers 83 fromthe stationarycam track 170 yieldingly holding the rollers H6 against the
section 84a to this movable section 92 of the cam
radially outward faces of the cam track H5 and
track in all positions of adjustment ofthe latter.
causing thesev rollers to follow this cam track.
This movable section 92 0f the cam track can
As with thecam track for .thelsolid materials,
‘be: moved from the full to the dotted line position
sh'ownin‘ Fig. 7 or to any intermediate position.
itwillib-eseenthat theamount of-the :charge of
as liquid drawngintoteachpiston 45bit its plunger
2,444,155
55, and later expelled into each can, can be ad
justed by varying the shape of the cam track I I5,
that is, by varying the degree of radial projection
of this cam track opposite the opening of the
reservoir 55, for the liquid. To this end, as best
is journaled in the top section I6 of the machine
frame in any suitable manner and which carries
a pinion I42 at its lower end.
This pinion I42 meshes with a large horizontal
gear Ill-5 which, as best shown in Fig. 5, is jour
naled on .a‘ vertical stub shaft I46 which is in turn
mounted on a bracket I48 carried by the top sec
shown in Fig. 8, that portion of the cam track
I I5 along the reservoir 50 is offset radially inward,
as indicated at H50 and terminates adjacent an
adjusting shaft I I8 which is'journaled in the cam
tion I5 of the machine frame. Through an idler
I41 this large gear I45 is turned by a pinion I49,
this pinion I49 being fast to a vertical shaft I50
which is journaled in the top section I6 of the
machine frame in any suitable manner. A bevel
gear I5I is fast to the lower end of this vertical
disk or plate II I and can be manually set to any
desired adjusted position by any suitable manual
means (not shown). This adjusting shaft IIB
carries a movable section III! of the cam track
I I5, in the form of an arm onto which the rollers
H5 ride smoothly from the stationary section
II5c onto thernovable section H9 of the cam
track in all positions of adjustment of this mov
able section of the cam track.
shaft I50 and meshes with the bevel pinion I9,
this last bevel pinion being fast to the main drive
sprocket 25 as previously described.
On the hub of the large horizontal gear I45 is
secured a can feed wheel I55. As best shown in
Fig. 3, the periphery of this can feed wheel is
Upon manual adjustment of the adjusting shaft
formed to provide a series of pockets I55 formed
H8, this movable section II9 of the cam track 20 by radially extending teeth or ?ngers I58. The
I I5 can be moved from the full to the dotted line
advance side I59 of each of these teeth or ?ngers
position shown in Fig. 8, or any intermediate
is shaped to conform to the curvature of the can
position. In the full line position the plungers
and the trailing side I55 of each of these teeth
53 are permitted to remain drawn inwardly their
or ?ngers inclines or slopes gradually to the base
maximum extent, this being the position deter 25 of the next succeeding ?nger I58 thereby to pro
mined by the innermost part of the cam track
vide a pocket which freely receives the foremost
section “50 and hence the maximum charge of
can of the ?le being fed to the can wheel I55 and
liquid is retained in the pistons 45. In the dotted
a pocket which securely holds the can fed thereto.
line position, shown in Fig. 8, of the movable
The can wheel I55 rotates counterclockwise as
section H9 of the cam track, the plungers 53 are
viewed in Fig. 3 and the can received by each
moved outwardly while traversing the liquid res
pocket I55 from the ?le of cans fed by the end
ervoir 55 and hence a part of the charge of liquid
less belts I35 is ?rst moved toward a roller I63
previously drawn into the pistons 45 is expelled
which is mounted to rotate about a vertical axis
back into the reservoir 50. The charge of liquid
retained in the pistons 45 is thereby reduced and
hence less liquid is transferred to the cans. In
order to provide a smooth passage of the rollers
H5 from the outer end of the movable section
H5 of the cam track to the stationary part II5b
thereof, in all adjusted positions of the movable
cam track section II9a, a tail piece track section
525 is pivoted on theouter end of the movable
track section H5 and has its outer end arranged
to slide along the radially outward face of the
stationary part II5b of the cam track. This
sliding engagement is insured by a tension spring
I2! interposed between the hub of the movable
cam track section H9 and an intermediate part
of the tail piece I25.
'
on the end of an arm I54.
This arm is mounted
to oscillate at its center about a pivot I55 carried
by the top section I5 of the machine frame and
a spring I66 moves the arm I54 to urge the roller
inwardly or toward the cans being received in the
pockets I55 of the can Wheel I55. The purpose
of this roller is‘ to insure the proper placement
of the‘cans 35 in the pockets I56 of the can wheel.
Thus if one of the cans should be caught by the
end of a ?nger or tooth I58 of the can wheel with
45
out having fully entered the pocket I55 it will
engage and push outwardly on the roller I63.
This roller thereupon exerts an inward pressure
on the misplaced can which forces it into the
bottom of the pocket I56 and in proper position
to enter a circular can way I58 provided by a
The empty cans 35 to be ?lled are placed open 50
semi-circular track or guard I59 which surrounds
end down on a receiving table or shelf I25 which
the can wheel I55 from a point just beyond the
placing roller I63 to the can transfer station near
of the machine frame. If desired the cans on
the top of the can ?lling wheel 28. This track
thistable can be housed by a casing I25 as shown
in Fig. 1 and the passing cans sterilized by up 55 or‘guard I59 serves to retain the cans 35 in the
pockets I55 of the [can wheel I55 even when this
wardly directed jets of steam or water from a
can wheel is rotating at a high rate of speed.
spray pipe I28. The water and condensate are
The forward parts of the can wheel I55 and
caught in a pan I29 and wasted through a
the circular rail I69 extend over the top of the
drain I30.
can ?lling wheel 28 and lead the succession of
A wall I32 rises from the rear side of the feed 60
cans to the periphery thereof. The rotation of
ing table I25 and on the front face of this wall
the can wheel I55 and can ?lling wheel 25 are
is secured, by stud bolts I33 or in any other suit
synchronized so that each can is delivered over
able manner, a horizontal metal strip I34 along
a corresponding sleeve or cylinder 40 with its
which the cans are rolled in single ?le. In so
rolling along this strip I34 the out-of-round cans 65 mouth in engagement with the rubber washer or
gasket 43 at the mouth of each sleeve or cylinder.
are trued up and to adjust the forward projection I
At‘the top or crest of the can ?lling wheel the
of the strip I34 it is backed at spaced intervals
cans are successively transferred from the can
by adjusting screws I35 carried by the wall I32.
wheel I55 to the can ?lling wheel28 and for this
The cans are rolled in single ?le along this
horizontal strip I34 by the rear stretches of a pair 70 purpose the upper end III of a rail I‘IIl, as best
shown in Fig. 3, extends horizontally over the
of endless conveyer belts I35 which pass around
can wheel I55 tangentially thereto and behind
vertical drive pulleys I39 at the inner end of the
the cans being brought to the transfer station
table I25 and around vertical idler pulleys I45
at the crest of the can ?lling wheel 28. This
at the outer end of the table. The drive pulleys
I39 are fast to a vertical drive shaft IIII which 75 upper end III of the rail III] is arranged oppo
can be secured to project from the top section I5
2344:1515
site ‘the leaving '- endof thev “semi-circular rail" "I 69
and‘ ‘is preferably curved ‘so as‘ to engage" each
can as it is conveyed toward this transferstation
and move it away from the axispf'the can“ wheel
I55,“out of its pocket I56‘ and onto the periphery
ofv the ‘can ?lling wheel '28-’ in line ‘with ‘ ‘a'oorre
spon‘dirig‘v sleeve‘ or cylinder 40 ' thereon.‘
The ‘rail "II-l0} the upper end of 'which'so serves
to transfer-the cans fromthe can wheel‘ I55I~to
the‘ can ‘?lling “wheel 1'28, ~' continues ‘around the
periphery of’ ‘the can‘ ?lling‘wheel 281and termi-l
nates,>below the can‘wheel 28, ‘in a horizontal
terminal; portion I12: - The portion ‘of the rail
10
suitable manner- for axial movement relative to
the ‘can ?llingv wheel‘.v A ‘helical compression
spring-I90 surrounds'each rod W9 and is inter?
posed .between its head" I88 and the rear wall 39
of ‘the can ‘?llingwlie'el
These springs I90
therefore urge ‘the d-shaped Clamping shoes I19
into engagement with‘ thecans‘on‘ the’ can ?lling
wheel.
‘
The rear ‘end ' of each rod " I 8-9‘ ‘connects ‘with' a
shoe ISTwhielfcarries"a roller-I93; these-‘rollers
being ‘arranged ‘to 'rotateabout' axes'arranged
radially ‘of "the ‘can'- ?lling wheel‘ 281" ‘Ea'olh‘ of
these rollers E93 engages'a caln‘track??f'on
I'm which‘ curves around the can wheel~283is held
in ‘ spaced relation thereto‘ by: L-shaped *br'ackets 15 the ‘periphery of“ the ‘cain‘disk' or plate "85‘; this‘
‘cam track having 'a‘rearwardly projecting ‘salient
I'M which are mounted on the top'section' -I65of
the machine frame andlthe lower horizontal‘ end
In of ‘this ‘rail is secured directly'tothetop s‘ec
ti‘onl l?’ofvwthemachine frame.‘ This railengages
the rear-‘sides of the succession‘ofjcans -35I»b'eing
conveyed around onlthe periphery ofithe?can'
wheel‘ and. serves ‘to prevent ‘rearward- displace
ment' or the cans soioonveyed.
In vorder‘to hold-thei-‘can's in engagementv with‘
portion‘ along ‘theascending' side’ of the "can ‘?lling
wheel“ 28*and
receding portion‘ along" ‘ the
descending side'of’the can ?lling‘wheel: It will
therefore‘belseen-thatfat the‘top'of the ‘can ?lling
I20 Wheel-{at the‘can‘tra'nsfer station, the springs'i'l?ll
move each‘ rolle‘r “I93 'an‘cl 'sh‘oe" I‘QZ ‘forwardly
thereby to move the‘ rod‘ I'8Q'1forwardly and swing
its vlever I35 and arm IBBE‘to‘bring “th‘e'corr‘e=
the rubber: gaskets '43" as?’ they travel ‘around with‘
sponding “ ' C-shaped ‘ shoe " I19 " into" engagement
the‘ can ‘?lling-‘wheel, another semi-circularfrail
I151‘ is (carried; by?‘ the forwardly? projecting ends
of the fL-shapedi- brackets» I M, The upper ‘end of
this isemieoinoular-llrail» I l?i'iis raised; ‘as ‘indicated
‘ with a canon‘the periphery‘of the"‘can“?lliiig
in’ Fig“. ii, to receive each‘ :can thereunder- at‘ ‘the’
transfer‘ ‘station and tin‘ the“ continuedv movement‘
of vthe-cans along-thisfraill I ‘I5 on ' the ' canv ?lling
wheel the rail f‘come‘sf into I'engagem'en‘tl with, the‘
closed ends “of. the ‘cans ‘ and’ holds‘ ieaohf-can in
wheel‘ 28." This " engagement of the "Ceshaped'
shoes I'I-9 with the cans continues while'the same
are‘ traveling along "the- descending" side" of ‘the
ment‘ with the‘ receding part of the‘ cam" track 194".‘
At the b0‘ttom“"0f“the‘cari ‘?llingwheel 'Zil‘ith’ese
rollers I 93 “ arrive‘ ‘at-the‘ salient ‘part ‘of the‘eam
track I84" and hen‘c‘e’thecam' track‘draws ‘each’
rod I89" and itsarm~I8Wtoswingrits‘ cé'sh'ape'd
firm engagement with the rubber-'1 ‘gaskets 431
Whichsnrround- each ‘sleeve or cylihder'llll'ofithe 35 shoe‘ I19’ out of ‘engagementwith' the can.‘ ' The
salient part‘ of the‘cam track 1continuesiulithe
can ‘?lling ‘wheel; This engagement» is main‘
rising side of 'the‘can‘?llingwheelidand hence
tained' until i the‘ v‘cans "reach the bottom1 ‘of ‘the
can ‘?lling ‘wheel? 23;r ?
holdsithe C-sha'ped sho'es‘in a forwardlyipro
Th‘etforwarddisplacementIof the cans 35vtrav'-‘
jec‘ted inoperative position While traversing. the.
eling ‘around onithe‘periphery‘of» the“ can ?lling
rising side ‘of ‘the can ?lling wheel asbest shown
wheel'isvprevented byfa series/‘oi O-shaped-in‘di
in Fig. 1. -
vidual ‘holders I181‘ each‘ of which‘ eng'agesra can‘
The-‘lower end of the‘track l'l5iterminatesvad-i
jacent the upper‘str-etch been endless ,conveyeri
wheel 28 ‘and releases this~can atv the bottom of
I88‘. i Since the G-‘shaped holders l'l?‘arelvwithi-i
this *cah ?lling; wheel.» Each ofvthese- holders 45 drawn from the-cans at this point>,ithe ‘?lled cans
oomprisesa C-‘shaped‘ shoe I79 adapted to engage
are released and permitted to travel along on the‘
the-1 bilge ‘of the‘can‘ at-its forward sidetorhold‘
endless conveyer I93 forifurther processingw
the corresponding" can against the i‘rail‘llll ‘and:
In’ order to en‘close the=working eparts-of-i the
mounted‘on the end of an arm I80.‘ As best shown
; holders ITIB’at the‘ rim of-thecanv?llingwheelia;
at the transfenstation at'the top‘oi‘ the carr?llingl
inFig. 4 each arm-18d is provided with-an‘ ‘elone
gated hubrwhich; asbest ‘shown in Fig.‘ 5,“ is
mounted on‘ a pivot pin I8Ir'. These pivot‘ pins
are arranged tangential to the oan‘?lling wheelv
28 so‘ that’th‘emov‘ement? of I thev arms ‘ I88 ‘brings
the C-shaped shoes into engagement? ‘with-"the
forward side of a can positioned over the corre
sponding sleeve or cylinder'llll of the can ?lling
wheel, and each pin II8IT-"is Icarried by“'a*pair»of
ears'i'l82 fprojectingl forwardly from‘ the rim? I I2'
ofithevcamf disk‘ orrplat'e I I I‘ which is secured to‘
therim‘lz?ibf the can ?lling ‘wheel was ‘previously-i
described."
‘
‘
To move'ea'ch -C—'sha'ped ‘shoe I'I-9'1'nto and out
a front cover ~ plate. or" ringtal QS-earr be arranged
at-lthe front-‘oft the machine: -i ‘This covering-ring»
can‘be-secured- toirotate with the can?lling-wh’eeli
or-it loan‘ be ~secur~ed~to the stationary .fcain disk?
or Aplate
no can
‘I I I-by
no :?lr'control'
anyisuitablemeansi
is 'indorporatedr‘inlthe=
(not: shown)
can f?ller? ‘so lth'attif“forfanyf'ireasom‘onelIofi the in
pockets I55 fails" to receive“ a ‘can; the‘ lcorife'spon‘d‘~-‘~‘v
ing- piston“ andplungero’ltmandi 53 f‘forl-sthe ‘solid
material" and’ liqiiid; irespeotively; i are fren‘oleredii'nL ‘
operative and will diotPree'eivé for-‘expel a charge
into the space‘ftl'iei-t btlierwise‘iwould'ib‘e occupied
by‘a can‘. T'oPtli'i's’ end; "asfi'shown‘ 1in1‘Fi“g‘.~’3,'" an“
of lien'gagementPwith eachi'can positioned on ‘the 65 arinf-zlw‘iis pivoted ‘to the‘top of‘thetop’section"
cann?llingl wheel‘ Zlljl'a lever- I85~projects from; ‘ l?'of'th'e'm'achine frame nearltli'e‘receiving stal
tion‘llfori‘the‘ loan i-wh’e'el I551 and ‘has its freer-end”
the hub of each‘ arm ‘130' toward the‘ axis “of
rotation “of?the can‘ ?lling‘ Wheel 28. I At-itsifree
end-each of "these levers " I855¥is bifiirc'ated and
projecting herizontallylin‘ the direction of ‘move;
meiit" ‘of 'the‘cans‘andunder the semi-‘circular ran-1'
carries‘*‘a pivot pin lll?‘which connects with’the‘ 70 I58 ‘and into the patli'l‘of’ the‘cans‘b‘eing, conveyed ‘
by the ‘can wheel. ' The succession'of-‘passing‘oans *
enlarged‘ head I ?dl'provided at the‘forward end:
holds‘r‘this
‘arn‘i outgthe‘arrn being" urged inwardly“v
of a rod I891‘ Tlie'se‘rods‘f I89 extend rearwardly
between the several ‘sleeves “ or cylinders ‘48 ‘ of‘ the’
canii?llin‘g" wheelie Y5 and‘
‘
by * "a ‘spring loaded ‘switch 1%? In this position ‘“
of’arin Melt-his‘switeh‘is‘open?‘ _
‘
11
2,444,155
pocket passes the arm 250 it is urged inwardly
to the dotted line position shown in Fig. 3. In
this position the switch 232 is closed. A solenoid
265 (Fig. 8) is in circuit with this switch 209 and
when the switch is so energized this solenoid
12
to draw a charge'of either into the ?fth sleeve or
cylinder 40 or to expel a charge into the canless
space when this space comes into line with the
can ?lling wheel 23.
Means are also provided for tamping the charge
in each can to secure compactness in the ?ll, such
means being rendered operative or inoperative at
will. For this purpose, as shown in Figs. 5 and 7
a disk 220 is fast to a manually controlled adjust
cam plate III for the liquid plungers 53 and the
inner end of its armature or core is connected to 10 ing shaft 22I which in turn is journaled on the
cam disk or plate 85 with its periphery in a space
the free end of a horizontal lever 208 which is
222 left in the salient part 84a of the cam track
fulcrumed on this cam plate III at 259. To the
v84' and at the bottom of the cam disk 85. This
fulcrumed hub of this lever 203 is secured a
disk has a receding face 223 which forms a con
switch section 2 I0 of the cam track H5, the free
end of this switch section being movable into 15 tinuation of the radially outward face of the cam ,
track 84, as shown by full lines in Fig. 7, this be
engagement, when the solenoid 29-5 is so ener
ing the “no tamp” position of this disk. When
gized, with the cam track H5 at the juncture of
this disk 223 is turned counterclockwise 45°, the
the sections H.5a and H50 thereof so that the
draws its armature 205 outwardly or away from
the axis of rotation of the can ?lling wheel 28.
This solenoid is arranged near the bottom of the
salient part 224 is caused to project radially out
roller H5 of the corresponding liquid ?lling
plunger 53 will ride on this switch section 2H3 20 ward from the eifective face at the cam track, as
shown by dotted lines in Fig. 7, this being the
instead of following the part H50 of the cam
“tamp” position of this disk. In the no tamp po
track. At the fulcrumed end of the switch
sition of the disk 220 its face 223 merely provides
section 2lI'I the switch roller H5 rides onto a
a continuation of the cam track 84 and conse
secondary track 2I3 which is concentric with the
axis of rotation of the can wheel 28 and also 25 quently the disk 22!] has no e?ect upon the op
eration of the machine. When however the sa
concentric with the salient part II5a of the cam
lient part 225 of this disk is caused to project out
track H5.
1
wardly from the eifective surface of the cam track
The major part 2M of this secondary or non
84, the rollers 83 are caused to ride over the in
?ll cam track 213 is integral with the cam plate
verted
hump provided by the disk 22B and hence
30
or disk III but opposite the movable section H9
these rollers, and the pistons 45 connected there
of the main track a pivoted section 2I5 is shown
with, are given a downward push, thus project
as inserted therein. It was found with the mini
ing the pistons II5 into the cans at the bottom of
mum ?ll position of the movable section H9 of
the can ?lling wheel and serving to compactthe
the main cam track H5, shown by dotted lines
in Fig. 8, that the rollers I It would not clear the 35 contents therein.
In the modi?ed form of the invention shown in
secondary or non-?ll track 2M. To retain the
Figs. 9 and 10 V-shaped adjusting members are
compactness of the machine and still avoid this
provided on the cam disk or plates to take up
interference, the movable section M5 was in
wear on the shoes sliding in the radial slots there
serted in the secondary cam track at this point,
the rollers H6 passing the summit of the out 40 in. In this view is illustrated a fragmentary front
elevation of the disk III ?tted to the front face
wardly adjusted main track section merely mov
of the can ?lling wheel 28 and having the slots
ing the movable track section 2 I 5 out of the way
I I [I for guiding the shoes I09 which are connected
as illustrated by dotted lines in Fig. 8. The re
to reciprocate with the plungers 53 as previously
turn of the rollers H6 from the section '2 I4 of the
secondary cam track to the salient part. I I5a of 45 described. Wear between these shoes and slots is
shown as taken up by a V-shaped wear plate 225
th; primary cam track is effected by a tail piece
secured to one face of the disk III by screws 226.
2| .
These screws extend through slots 228 in each
The arm 200 moves inwardly because of an
Wear plate which extend radially so that the V
empty pocket I56, this pocket, in the machine
shaped wear plates can be adjusted radially. The
50
shown, being the ?fth can space from the trans
opposite edges of each wear plate engage the op
fer station. Therefore it is necessary to render
posite longitudinal sides of a pair of the shoes I!!!)
inoperative the piston 45 and plunger 53 of the
and it will therefore be seen that the radial in
?fth cylinder 40 from the transfer station, this
ward adjustment of the wear plates 225 serves to
being that one which has just entered therising
take up wear between the edges of these wear
side of the can ?lling wheel 28 as viewed in Fig. 5,5
plates and theshoes I09.
6. The closing of the circuit through the switch
202 and solenoid 205 energizes the solenoid to
0178711571072
move the switch track section 2H), Fig. 8, to en
The cans 35 are placed, open side down, upon
gage the place of juncture of the main track sec
the table or shelf I25 in position to be caught by
tions H501 and H50 just before theroller II'6 of
the endless conveyer belts I36 and conveyed in
this ?fth plunger 53 arrives at this Point. Con
single ?le toward the can wheel I55. A sterilizer
sequently this roller is compelled to ride around
hood I26 can surround this table or shelf and
the concentric secondary cam track 2 I 3 and back
heated by sprays of steam from the steam pipe
to the salient part H5a of the main cam track
I28 to sterilize the cans and the cans are prefer
without inward movement. Since the roller H5 65 ably rolled against the adjustable strip I34 so as
cannot move inwardly its plunger 53 likewise can
to round up any out-of-round cans.
not move inwardly to draw a charge of liquid
Each-tooth I58 of the can wheel picks up the
from the reservoir 60 into its sleeve or cylinder
foremost can of the ?le advanced by the endless
40. Upon reference to the bottom of Fig. 5, it will
bolts ['35, the can wheel rotating counterclockwise
also be seen that when the liquid plunger 53 can 70
as viewed in Fig. 3, and if ‘a can is not properly
not move inwardly the main piston 45 likewise
placed in any pocket I56 between these teeth, the
cannot move inwardly and draw a charge of solid
spring loaded roller I53 presses it into the pocket.
materials into the sleeve or cylinder III}. In conse
The cans are conveyed by the can wheel around
quence neither the piston 45 for the solid mate
rials nor the plunger 53 for the liquid is withdrawn 75 the semi-circular rail I65 to the transfer station
2,444,155
157
line position shown in Fig. '7 it will be seen that
the-retraction of each piston 45 eifected by the
movable section 52 of the cam track is maintained
so that a relatively large quantity of solid mate
rial is drawn into each sleeve or cylinder 40.
Upon however moving the adjusting shaft 95 and
cam track section 82 to the dotted line position
shown in Fig. 7 it willbe seen that each piston
45 is withdrawn to a much smaller degree on trav
1.6
2|!) to the secondary cam track 2l3 cannot, of
course, move inwardly as would be the case if it
were left to follow the primary track ‘I I5 and the
movable sections associated therewith. In con
sequence the shoe Hi9 (Fig. 5) and plunger 53
associated with this roller cannot move inwardly
toward. the axis of the can ?lling Wheel nor can
the corresponding piston 435 move inwardly inas
much as the plunger 53 is at this time against the
ersing the solid materials hopper 95. In conse 10 end head 48 of the piston 45. Therefore a charge
of neither liquid nor solids is drawn into the
quence assmaller amount of solid materials is
sleeve 40 nor are the plunger and piston moved
drawn into each sleeve or cylinder 40 for ejection
to expell a charge into the canless space on the
into a can.
"
can ?lling wheel.
‘
The rollers 83 and H6 (Figs. '7 and 8) on leav
ing, respectively, the movable cam track sections 15 From the foregoing it will be seen that the pres
ent invention provides a reliable and high speed
92 and l H] ride over the tail pieces 95 and. I20 onto
can ?ller which accurately ?lls each can with
the parts 842) and N5?) of the cam tracks, these
separately measured charges of liquid and solids
parts 841) and 1 Rib leading to a peak in the lower
and ‘which will tamp the charge in each can to in
descending quarter of the can Wheel 28. Since
sure compactness. The ?ller is also compact and
the cans, as previously described, have been fed
comparatively simple in construction and will
to traverse this descending side of the can wheel
stand up under conditions of severe and constant
28, the outward movement of the plungers 53 and
use without getting out of order or requiring re
pistons :25 in traversing the sections 841) and II l5b,
pairs.
respectively, of the cam track forces the liquid
I claim as my invention:
and solid contents of the sleeves or cylinders 49 25
1, A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
into the cans. When the rollers reach the peaks
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
of these cams the plungers and pistons are fully
having a plurality of cylinders opening at its rim,
projected, this condition being maintained during
means forming a chamber enclosing a rising part
the continued movement of the rollers over the
sections 84a and H511 to the point at which each 30 of said rim and traversed thereby and adapted
to contain material to be packed into the cans,
sleeve or cylinder 40 comes into register with the
means at the top of said wheel and placing cans
reservoir 69 and the sequence of operations above
in engagement with its rim with their open ends
described is repeated.
over said cylinders, means holding said cans in
It is sometimes desirable to tamp the contents
said engagement with said rim for a part of the
in the ?lled cans in order to compact the ?ll. To
descending side thereof, and means reciprocating
this end the disk 220 is mounted on the adjusting
each of said pistons inwardly on traversing said
shaft 22! (Fig. '7) and is arranged to have a sali
chamber and outwardly on traversing said part of
ent portion 224 project through the section 84a
the
descending side thereby to transfer a charge
of the cam track when adjusted to the dotted
of
said
material from said chamber to each of
lineposition shown in Fig. '7. When each roller
said cans.
,,
83 Etravels over this salient projection of the disk
2. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can fill
220 it is moved radially outward from the axis of
ing wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
the can ?lling wheel 28 thereby to carry its shoe
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
M (Fig. 5) arm 80‘, piston rod 50 and piston 45
radially outward. This projects this piston 45 45 inward from its periphery, a piston in each of
said cylinders, a gasket of soft resilient plastic
beyond its sleeve or cylinder 40 and into the can
material surrounding the outer open end of each
so as to tamp or compact the contents in the ?lled
cylinder, means forming a chamber enclosing a
can. When the disk 220 is turned to the full line
rising part of said periphery and traversed there~
position shown in Fig. 7 the rollers 83 merely ride
over its receding portionr223 as a continuation of 50 by and adapted to contain material to be packed
into said cans, means providing sealed contact
the part 84a of the cam track and hence no tamp
between said chamber and periphery to prevent
ing is effected.
leakage of said material. from said chamber,
If for any reason the can wheel I55 fails to pick
means at the top of said wheel and placing cans
up a can 35 in any of its pockets I56, the lever
2510 (Fig, 3) swings into the empty space and the 55 on said periphery with their open ends against
‘said gaskets, means holding said cans in engage
switch 202 closes. This energizes the solenoid 205
ment with said gaskets for a part of the descend
(Fig. 8) and moves its armature to swing the
ing side of said wheel, and means reciprocating
lever 208 and switch section 2 I0 of the cam track
each of said pistons inwardly on traversing said
into engagement with the part of the cam track
chamber
and outwardly on traversing said part
H5 between the sections H511 and H50 thereof. 60
of the descending side of said wheel thereby to
The roller N6 of that sleeve or cylinder 40 com
transfer a charge of said material from said
ing into register with the liquid reservoir Bil is
chamber to each of said cans.
therefore caused to ride along the switch section
3. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can ?ll
210 of the cam track onto the secondary con
centric track 2I3 composed of the sections 215 65 ing wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
having a plurality of openings in its periphery
and 2M and the tail piece 2l6. It will be noted
surrounded by an annular pocket, a cylinder ?tted
that the assumed empty space is ?fth from the
in each of said openings and having a rim ?tted
transfer station (Fig. 3) and that the roller H6
in the corresponding pocket, a piston Ln each of
so switched to the secondary track U3 is asso
ciated with that sleeve or cylinder 40 which is 70 said cylinders,means forming a chamber enclos
‘ing a rising part of said periphery and traversed
likewise ?fth from‘the transfer station so that
thereby and adapted to contain material to be
the sleeve or cylinder Ml which will come into .
packed into said cans, means providing sealed
line with the empty space is that one which is
affected by this operation.
-
contact between said chamber and ,periphery to
lThe roller I I6 (Fig. 8) so switched by the switch 75 prevent leakage of said material from said cham
2,444,155‘
17" '
ber, ‘means at the top of saidwhe'el‘ and placing-1
ing wheel having a plurality :of‘cylinders opening"
cans withtheir open ends against said rims,
at‘ its rim, a piston'in each'of said cylinders and
having a skirt and'an end‘head, said end head
being provided with an‘opening,‘ a plunger in each
means holding said cans in engagement with'said ‘
rims for a part of’ the descendinglside of' said '
wheel, and means reciprocating each of said pis
tons inwardly on traversing said chamber and
outwardly on traversing said part of the descend~
ing side ‘of said wheel thereby to transfer a ‘charge '
of‘said materials from said chamber to each'of'
said
cans.
’
,
,
4. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can ?ll~r
ing wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
inward from its periphery, means forming a_
chamber enclosing arising part of said periphery‘
and traversed thereby and adapted ‘to contain.
solid material to be packed into said cans, a rotor
in said chamber and rotating about an‘ axis ar~
ranged generally tangential to saidwheel and,
having peripheral'portions arranged adjacent the ~
periphery of said‘wheel and packing‘ the solid‘
material into the open ends of ‘the passing- cylin~
ders, means at the top of ‘said‘wheel'a‘nd‘ placing
cans in engagement with its periphery‘ with their-ll
open ends over said cylinders, means holding said
cans, in said engagement with said periphery for
a part of the descendingsiderthereof‘ and means
of said pistons and sliding along the skirt thereof,
means forming a pair of chambers each enclosing
a part of said rim and adapted to be traversed
thereby, one of said chambers beingadapted to
contain-a liquid and the other‘ being adapted to
.> contain solid niateri‘al,*means‘ placing cans in
engagement ‘with‘said’rim-with their open ends?
over said‘cylinders, means holding said‘plac'ed
cans in'saidengagement‘ with said rim for a pre
determined distance, means reciprocating each of
said plungers inwardly .on'traversing said liquid
ch'amberto draw ‘a charge of liquid into its piston,
means reciprocating each'of said pistons inward
ly on traversing said‘solid material chamber to
draw a charge "of solid material into its cylinder,
means reciprocating each pair of pistons and
plungers ‘outwardly on traversing said predeter
mined distance thereby -to ‘transfer charges of
liquid and solid material from said chambers to
each of ‘said cans, ‘and-means for separately ad
justi'ngi the amount of» said inward movement of
said pistons and‘plu'n‘gers while sotraversing their
respective chambers}
'
reciprocating each of said pistons‘inwardly on
811A can ?lling machine, comprising a can ?ll
traversing said chamber and outwardly on-trav
ing‘, wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
ersing said part of the descending side thereby to‘ 301 having a plurality of cylinders extending‘radia'lly
transfer a charge of said solid material from-said
inward- from its-periphery, av piston in each oi’
chamber to each'of said cans.
‘
said cylinders, a’ piston rod‘ extending inwardly ‘
5. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can-‘?ll
ing wheel having a pluralityof' cylinders opening
from each of said pistons, means vforming a cham
ber' enclosing a rising part of said‘periphery and
at its rim, a piston in‘each of said cylinders and 35 5 traversed therebyand'adapted to contain mate
having a skirt vand an end‘ head, ‘saidend head~
rial to be packed into said‘ cans, means adjacent
being provided with an opening, a plunger‘ in"
the~top>of ‘said'wheel and‘placing cans in engage
each‘ of said pistons and‘sliding along‘the'skirt
mentv with its periphery with their open ends over
thereof, means forming a pair of chambers each‘
said cylinders,‘ means holding said cans in en‘- ‘
enclosing a part of said rim' and adapted to be
'gagement with said periphery‘for apart‘ of the
traversed ‘thereby, one of said chambers" being
descendingside thereof 5 and means reciprocating
adapted to contain a'liquid- and the other being ~
each1 of said "pistons inwardly on traversing said
adapted1 to contain solid material , means placing‘
chamber and outwardly von traversingsaid part
cans in engagement with ‘said; rim ‘with- their1
of the descending ‘side thereby to transfer a
open’ ends over said cylinders; means holdinglsaid' 45 charge of saidi'material from said chamber‘ to
placed cans‘ in said engagement with said ‘rim-for
a predetermined distance, means reciprocating
each ofisaid plungers inwardly on traversing said
liquidchamber to draw a'charge 'of liquid intdit‘s '
each of said- cans, comprising a cam track ?xed
to a stationary part of the machine ‘and encircling
the‘axis- of‘ said can‘ ?lling wheeLsaid cam track
having‘ radially salient and‘ receding :portions,
piston, means reciprocating each offsaid pistons 50 means operatively connecting said stems to follow
inwardly on traversing‘said solid material cham~= \
her to draw a ‘charge ‘of 7solid material‘into- its
cylinder,v and means reciprocating‘each pair-of 5
pistons and plungers outwardlyon traversing said“
predetermined distance ‘ thereby to transfer
charges of liquid‘ and‘ solid -material ‘from said ‘
chambers‘to each’ of said cans.
6.~~A can ?lling machine,v comprisinglarotating ‘
said cam track and ‘means for varying'the effec
tive radial position of said receding portion there
by to vary the‘ amount of said material drawn-into
each‘ cylinder.’
9.“A' can‘ ?lling machine, comprising a‘can ?ll
ing wheel rotating about ‘a ‘horizontal axis and
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
inward from‘ its periphery; apiston in‘ each ‘of
can ?lling wheel having a plurality’ of‘ cylinders
said cylinders; a piston rod extending-inwardly,‘
opening at its rim, a ‘piston in each of ‘said ¢y111n= 60 from eachofsaid pistons‘, means forming a cham
dersgm‘eans forming a chamber ‘enclosing apart
ber enclosing-‘a rising partbf' said periphery and
of said Tim and traversed thereby‘andjadapted‘ ‘ traversed thereby and‘ adapted to contain ma
to contain’ material ‘to be packed into ' the icans';
terial- to bepacked into said »‘cans,“means adjacent“
means placing cans in engagement with'said rim“
thetop of'said'wheel'and placing cans in engage
with their open ends over saidwcylinders; means -65 ment with‘i-its' periphery with? their open ends over‘
holding said‘ placed‘ cans‘ in: said ‘engagement with i
said cylinders, means holding said cans in en
said rim for a‘ predetermined distance, means re~= ‘
gagernent'iwithfsaidiperiphery for a ‘part of the“ ‘
ciprocating each of said pistons inwardly onitra'v- descending side-thereof, and; means reciprocating ,
ersing said chamber and outwardly'on traversingt ‘ each5
of vsaidpiston's inwardly on traversing said‘
said predetermined distance ‘thereby ito transferi 70 chamber‘andoutwardly on traversing said part
a charge of said- materials iromisaid chamberito ‘
eachof said’ cans, and means for‘adjusting the 1
amount of said inward movementwofv said1 pistons
while so traversing said’ chamber.‘ ‘
‘
1
of the ‘- descending sidei-rthereby to transfer‘ a
charge of said material from said chamber to
each of said I'cans,‘ comprisingawali secured to
the :rim'"of>' said can ?lling“ wheel‘ and extending
7. A can ?lling‘ machine, 'comprisingacan' ?ll- 75< inwardly ‘toward the axis of rotation thereof and’
2,444,155,
20
19 I
provided with radial slots corresponding in num
ber and position, to» said cylinders, a shoe ?xed
to each of said stems and sliding in a correspond
ing one of said slots, a roller ?xed to each of
to each of saidcans, comprising a cam track
?xed to a stationary part of the machine and
encircling the axis of said can ?lling wheel, said
cam track having radially salient and receding
said shoes, a cam track ?xed to a stationary part 5 ETPOI'tiOns, means operatively connecting said pis
tons to follow said cam track, a second cam track
of the machine and engaged by said rollers and
?xed to a stationary part of the machine and en
encircling the axis ofsaid can ?lling wheel, said
circling the axis of said can ?lling wheel, said
cam track having radially salient and receding
second cam track also having radially salient and
portions, said receding portion being placedto
engage the rollers of those pistons traversing said lo?receding portions, and means operatively con
necting said plungers to follow said second cam
chamber, and means for varying the effective ra
dial position of said receding portion thereby to
vary the amount of said material drawn into each
track,
12. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
?lling wheel having a plurality of cylinders open
10. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can 15ring at its rim, a piston in each of said cylinders
and having a skirt and an end head, said end
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
head being provided with an opening, a plunger
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
in each of said pistons and sliding along the skirt
inward from its periphery, a piston in each of
thereof, means forming a pair of chambers each
said cylinders, a piston rod extending inwardly
from each of said pistons, means forming a cham zoqenclosing a part of said rim and adapted to be
ber enclosing a rising part of said periphery , traversed thereby, one of said chambers being
adapted to contain a liquid and the other being
and traversed thereby and adapted to contain
adapted to contain solid material, means placing
material to be packed into said cans, means ad
cans in engagement with said rim with their open
jacent the top of said wheel and placing cans in
engagement with its peripherywith their open 25:‘ends over said cylinders, means holding said
placed cans in said engagement with said rim for
ends over said cylinders, means holding said cans
a predetermined distance, means reciprocating
in engagement with said periphery for a part of
each of said plungers inwardly on traversing said
the descending side thereof, andrmeans recipro
liquid chamber to draw a charge of liquid into
cating each of said pistons inwardly on traversing
said chamber and outwardly on traversing said 3O~~its piston, means reciprocating each of said pis
tons inwardly on traversing said solid material
part of the descending side thereby to transfer a
chamber to draw a charge of solid material into
charge of said material fromrsaid chamber to
its cylinder, means reciprocating each of said
each of said cans, comprising a roller ?xed to
pistons and its plunger outwardly on traversing
each of said piston rods,_a cam track ?xed to a
stationary part of the machine and engaged by 35 said predetermined distance thereby to transfer
, charges of liquid and solid material from said.
said rollers and encircling the axis of said can
chambers to each of said cans, comprising two‘
?lling wheel, said cam track having radially
cylinder._
,
.,
,
salient and receding'portions, said receding por
walls secured to the rim of said can ?lling wheel‘.
and extending inwardly toward the axis of rotation being placed to engage the rollers of those
pistons traversing said chamber, means for vary 40 tion thereof and each provided with radial slots.
corresponding in number and position to said
ing the eliective radial position of said receding
cylinders, a shoe connected with each of said
portion thereby to vary the amount of said mate
pistons and sliding in a corresponding one of said
rial drawn into each cylinder comprising an ad
justing shaft journaledin said stationary part,
slots of one of said walls, a roller ?xed to each
a movable track section secured to said adjusting 45 of said shoes, a cam track engaged by said rollers
shaft and forming a continuation of a ?xed part
and encirclingrthe axis of rotation of said can
of said cam track and rotatable with said ad
?lling wheel and ?xed to a stationary part of the
justing'shaft toward and from the axis of rota
machine, said cam track having radially salient
tion of said can ?lling wheel'and a tail piece
and receding portions, a shoe connected with each
connecting vthe free end of said movable track 50 of said plungers and sliding in a corresponding
section with said ?xed part of said cam track.
one of said slots of the other of said wall-s, a
11. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can.
roller ?xed to each of said last shoes, a second
?lling Wheel having a plurality of cylinders open
cam track engaged by said last rollers and en
ing at its rim, a piston in each of said cylinders
circling the axis of rotation of said can ?lling
and having a skirt and an end head, said end 55 wheel and ?xed to a stationary part of the ma
head being provided with an opening, a plunger
chine, said‘ second cam track having radially
salient and receding portions, said receding por
in each of said pistons and sliding along the skirt
tion of both cam tracks being placed to engage
thereof, means forming a pair of chambers each
the rollers of the cylinder traversing the corre
enclosing a part of said rim and adapted to be
traversed thereby, one of said chambers being 60 sponding chamber, and means for varying the
e?ective radial position of said receding portion
adapted to contain a liquid and the other being
of each of said cam tracks thereby to vary the
adapted to contain solid material, means placing
amount of liquid and solid material drawn into
cans in engagement with said rim with their open
each cylinder.
ends over said cylinders, means holding said
13. A can ?lling machine, comprising a rotating
placed cans in said engagement with said rim‘ for 65
can ?lling wheel having a plurality of cylinders
a predetermined distance, means reciprocating
opening at its rim, a piston in each of said cylin
each of said plungers inwardly on traversing said
ders, means forming a chamber enclosing a part
liquid chamber to draw a charge of liquid into its
of said rim and traversed thereby and adapted to
piston, means reciprocating each of said pistons
inwardly on traversing said solid material cham 70 contain material to be packed into the cans,
means placing cans in engagement with said rim
ber to draw a charge of solid material into its cyl
with their open ends over said cylinders, means
inder, means reciprocating each of said pistons
holding said placed cans in said engagement with
and its plunger outwardly on traversing said pre- ‘
determined distance thereby to transfer charges
said rim for a predetermined distance, means re
of liquid and solid material from said chambers 75 ciprocating each of said pistons inwardly on trav- -
assets
21":
221*
‘
ersingl said chamber and outwardly on traversing
said predetermined distance thereby to transfer
to,v contain materialize bepacked into the cans,
means feeding a succession of cans, and placing
a charge of said materials from said chamber to
each of said cans, and means for reciprocating
them» individually in engagement with said rim
with their open ends over said cylinders, means
each of said pistons outwardly beyond its cylinder
holding said placed cans in said engagement with
said rim for a predetermined distance, means for
reciprocating each of said pistons inwardly on
traversing said chamber and outwardly on trav
and into the corresponding can on traversing said
predetermined distance thereby to enter the cor
responding can and compact the contents therein.
14. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
ersing said predetermined distance thereby to
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and 10 transfer a charge of said material from said
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
chamber to each of said cans, means for render
inward from its periphery, a piston in each of
ing said reciprocating means for any one‘of said
said cylinders, a piston rod extending inwardly
pistons inoperative, a member urged to move into
from each of said pistons, means forming a cham
ber enclosing a rising part of said periphery and
traversed thereby and adapted to contain mate
the path of said succession of cans and so moving
1,52 when a can ‘in, said succession- is missing, and
means operatively‘ connecting, said member with
said means for rendering anyone of said pistons
inoperative, said member being, so located along
ment with its periphery with their open ends over
said succession of cansas to render inoperative
said cylinders, means holding said cans in engage 20 that piston associated with the space of the miss
ment‘with said periphery for a part .of the de
ing can.
scending side thereof, means reciprocating each
17. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
of said pistons inwardly on traversing said cham
?lling wheel‘rotating about a horizontal axis and
ber, and outwardly on traversing said part of the
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
descending side thereby to transfer a charge of
inward from its periphery, a piston in each of
25:
said‘ material from said chamber to each of said
said cylinders, means forming a chamber en
cans, comprising a cam track ?xed to a stationary
closing a rising part‘ of said periphery and
part of the machine and encircling the aXis of
traversed thereby and adapted to contain mate
said, can ?lling wheel, said cam track having radi
rial to be packed into said cans, meansladjacent
ally salient and receding portions, and means 30: the top of ‘said wheel and feeding a succession of
operatively connecting said stems to follow said
cans and placing them individually in engage
rial to be packed into said cans, means adjacent
the top of said wheel and placing cans in engage,
cam‘ track,‘ and‘ means for compacting the con
tents-of each can-comprising an additional salient
ment with its periphery with their open ends
oversaid cylinders, means holding said cans in
provided on the salient portion of said. cam track
engagement with said periphery for a part of the
and reciprocating each of said pistons outwardly 35 descending side thereof, means reciprocating each
beyondits, cylinder and into the corresponding
of said pistons inwardlyion traversing said cham
can on traversing said part of the descending side
ber and outwardly on traversing said part of the
of said can wheel.
descending sidethereby‘ to transfer a charge of
15. A can ?lling machine, comprising a :can
said material from ‘said chamber to each of said
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and 4:0, cans, comprising a primary cam track ?xed to a
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
stationary part of the machine and encircling the
inward from its periphery, a, piston vin leach‘of
axis of said can ?lling wheel, said cam track hav—
said cylinders, a piston rod extending inwardly
ing radially salient and recedingportions and
from each of said pistons, means forming a cham
means ‘including rollers engaging said cam track
ber enclosing a rising part of‘ said'periphery and
and each operatively connected to a correspond
traversed thereby and adapted to contain mate
ing piston to compel said pistons to follow said
rialato be packed into said cans, means adjacent
cam track, and means for rendering said recipro
thetop of said wheel and placing cans in engage
cating means for any one of said pistons inopera
ment with its periphery vwith their open ends over
tive, comprising a secondary cam, track ?xed to
said cylinders, means holding said cans in engage
a stationary part of the machine and encircling
ment with said periphery for a part of the de
the receding portion of said primary cam track,
scending side thereof, means reciprocating each 1
a switch movable to connect said secondary cam
of said pistons inwardly on traversing said cham
track with said salient‘portion of said primary
berand outwardly on traversing said part of the
cam track to receive said rollers therefrom, means
descending side thereby to transfer a charge of 55 for returning said received rollers to said salient
said‘ material from said chamber to each of said
portion of said primary cam track, a member
cans, comprising a cam track ?xed‘to a stationary
part of the machine and encircling the axis of
said can ?lling wheel, said cam track havingradi
urged to move into the path of said succession
of cans and so moving when a can in said suc
cession is missing, and means operatively con
ally salient and receding portions,‘ and means 60 necting said member to close said switch and
operatiyely connecting said stems to followsaid
thereby render any one of said pistons inopera
cam track, and means for compacting the con-l
tive, said member being so located along said
tents, of‘ each can, comprising a dishrotatably
succession of cans as to render inoperative that
mounted in the said salient portion of saidcam
piston associated .with the space of the missing
track,,and in one position forming a continuation 65.
of said-cam track andin another position project
18. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
ing, a salient portion beyond said cam, track,_said
?lling wheelrotating about a horizontalaxis and
last salient portion reciprocating each ‘of said,
pistons outwardly beyond its cylinder and into the,
corresponding can.
7
can.
having a pluralityof cylinders extending radially
inward from its periphery, means forming a
70 chamber enclosing a rising part ofv said periphery
16. ,A can ?lling machine, comprising a rotating
can .?lling wheel having a plurality of cylinders
opening at its rim, a piston in each of. said cyline I
and traversed thereby and adapted to contain
material to be packed into said cans, means, at
the topof saidwheel and placing cans inengage
ders,.means forming a chamber enclosing a part
ment-with. said periphery, with their open ends
of ,saidjrim andtraversed ‘thereby and, adapted 7,5, overl-eaid-tcrlinders,may ‘generally semi-circular,
2,444,166
’
'
23
stationary rail concentric with said can ?lling
wheel and spaced radially from the periphery
thereof and engaging the ends of said cans to
hold them in engagement with said periphery
along the descending side of said wheel, and
means for reciprocating each of said pistons in
wardly on traversing said chamber and outwardly
24
chamber enclosing a rising part of said periph
ery and traversed thereby and adapted to con
tain material to be packed into said cans, means
adjacent the top of said wheel and placing cans
in engagement with its periphery with their open
ends over said cylinders, means holding said cans
in engagement with said periphery for a part of
the descending side thereof, and means recipro
on traversing said descending side of said can
cating each of said pistons inwardly on traversing
?lling wheel thereby to transfer a charge of said
material from said chamber to each of said cans. 10 said chamber and outwardly on traversing said
part of the descending side thereby to transfer
19. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
a charge of said material from said chamber to
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
each of said cans, comprising a wall secured to
the rim of said can ?lling wheel and extending
chamber enclosing a rising part of said periphery 15 inwardly toward the axis of rotation thereof and
provided with radial slots corresponding in num
and traversed thereby and adapted to contain
ber and position to said cylinders, a shoe ?xed
material to be packed into said cans, means at
to each of said stems and sliding in a correspond
the top of said wheel and placing cans in engage
ing one of said slots, a roller ?xed to each of said
ment with said periphery with their open ends
over said cylinders, a generally semi-circular sta 20 shoes, a cam track ?xed to a stationary part of
the machine and engaged by said rollers and en
tionary rail concentric with said can ?lling wheel
circling the axis of said can ?lling wheel, said
and spaced radially from the periphery thereof
cam track having radially salient and receding
and engaging the ends of said cans, to hold them
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
inward from its periphery, means forming a
portions, and a plurality of V-shaped wear plates
in engagement with said periphery along the de
scending side of said wheel, a second generally 25 secured to one face of said wall for movement
toward and from the axis thereof, the sides of
semi-circular stationary rail concentric with said
said Wear plates engaging the sides of said shoes
can ?lling wheel and arranged to engage the
along said slots.
corresponding sides of said cans along the de
scending side of said wheel, and ‘means for re
ciprocating each of said pistons inwardly on 30
traversing said chamber and outwardly on
traversing said descending side of said can ?lling
wheel thereby to transfer a charge of said ma
terial from said chamber to each of said cans.
20. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can‘ 35
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
22. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can ?ll
ing wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
inward from its periphery, a piston in each of
said cylinders, means forming a chamber enclos
ing a rising part of said peripheryand traversed
thereby and adapted to contain material to be
packed into said cans, a can wheel rotating about
a vertical axis and having a plurality of spaced
can receiving pockets in its periphery, said pe
inward from its periphery, means forming a
riphery of said can wheel extending over the top
chamber enclosing a rising part of said periphery
and traversed thereby and adapted to contain 40 of said can ?lling wheel, means for feeding cans
bottom side up successively to the pockets of said
material to be packed into said cans, means at
can wheel, means synchronizing the rotation of
the'top of said Wheel and placing cans in engage
said can wheel with said can ?lling wheel to de
ment with said periphery with their open ends
liver said cans to said can ?lling wheel with their
over said cylinders, a generally semi-circular sta
open ends over said cylinders, means holding
tionary rail concentric with said can ?lling wheel
said cans in engagement with the periphery of
and arranged on one side of said wheel to engage
said can ?lling wheel while traversing the de
the corresponding sides of said cans along the
scending side thereof, and means reciprocating
descending side of said wheel, a holder mounted
each of said pistons inwardly on traversing said
on said can ?lling wheel adjacent each cylinder
and movable toward and from the adjacent side 50 chamber and outwardly on traversing said de
scending side of the can ?lling wheel thereby to
of the corresponding can to hold it in engagement
transfer a charge of said material from said
with said semi-circular rail, means for moving
chamber to each of said cans.
said holders toward said cans at the top of said
23. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
can ?lling wheel and holding them against said
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
semi-circular rail on the descending side of said
can ?lling wheel, means for retracting said hold 55 having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
inward from its periphery, a piston in each of
ers from said cans at the bottom of said can
?lling wheel and holding them retracted while
said cylinders, means forming a chamber enclos
traversing the ascending side of the can ?lling
ing a rising part of said periphery and traversed
Wheel, a second generally semi-circular stationary
thereby and adapted to contain material to be
60
rail concentric with said can ?lling wheel and
packed into said cans, a horizontal stationary sur
spaced radially from the periphery thereof and
face leading to the top of said can ?lling'wheel,
engaging the ends of said cans to hold them in
a can wheel rotating abovev said surface about a
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
engagement with said periphery along the de
vertical axis and having a plurality of can re
ceiving pockets in its periphery, means for feeding
65
discharging the contents of each of said cylinders , cans bottom side up successively to the pockets of
scending side of said can wheel, and means for
outwardly on traversing said descending side of
said can ?lling wheel thereby to transfer a charge
of said materials from said chamber to each of
said can wheel, means synchronizing the rotation
of said can wheel with said can ?lling wheel to
deliver said cans to said can ?lling wheel with
said cans.
their open ends over said cylinders, means hold
70
21. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
ing said cans in said engagement with the pe
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
riphery of said can ?llingwheel while traversing
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
the descending side thereof, and means recipro
inward from its periphery, a piston in each of
cating each of said pistons inwardly on travers
said cylinders, a piston rod extending inwardly
from each of said pistons, means forming a 75 ing said chamber and outwardly on traversing
2,444,155
25
said descending side of the can ?lling wheel there
by to transfer a charge of said material from said
chamber to each of said cans.
24. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
filling Wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
inward from its periphery, a piston in each of said
cylinders, means forming a chamber enclosing
a rising part of said periphery and traversed
26
traversing the descending side thereof, and means
reciprocating each of said pistons inwardly on
traversing said chamber and outwardly on trav
ersing said descending side of the can ?lling
Wheel thereby to transfer a charge of said mate
rial from said chamber to each of said cans.
26. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
thereby and adapted to contain material to be 10 inward from its periphery, means forming a
packed into said cans, a can wheel rotating about
chamber enclosing a rising part of said periphery
a vertical axis and having a plurality of spaced
and traversed thereby and adapted to contain
can receiving pockets in its periphery, said pe
material to be packed into said cans, a can wheel
riphery of said can wheel extending over the top
rotating about a vertical axis and having a plu
of said can ?lling wheel, means for feeding cans 15 rality of spaced can receiving pockets in its pe
bottom side up successively to the pockets of said
riphery, said periphery of said can wheel extend
can wheel, a semi-circular rail concentric with
ing over the top of said can ?lling wheel, means
and spaced from the periphery of said can wheel
for feeding a straight line of cans bottom side up
and forming a can way leading from said feeding
radially toward the axis of said can wheel to be
means to the top of said can ?lling wheel, means 20 picked up by the pockets thereof, a spring loaded
synchronizing the rotation of said can wheel with
roller urged toward the periphery of said can
said can ?lling wheel to deliver said cans to said
wheel immediately ‘beyond said straight line of
can-- ?lling wheel with their open ends over said
cans and urging each can into the bottom of its
cylinders, means holding said cans in engage
pocket, means synchronizing the rotation of said
ment with the periphery of said can ?lling wheel 25 can wheel with said can ?lling wheel to deliver
while traversing the descending side thereof, and
said cans to said can ?lling wheel with their open
means reciprocating each of said pistons inwardly
ends over said cylinders, means holding said
on traversing said chamber and outwardly on
cans in engagement with the periphery of said
traversing said descending side of the can ?lling
can ?lling wheel While traversing the descend
wheel thereby to transfer a charge of said mate 30 ing side thereof, and means for discharging the
rial from said chamber to each of said cans.
contents of each of said cylinders outwardly on
25. A can ?lling machine, comprising a can
traversing said descending side of the can ?lling
?lling wheel rotating about a horizontal axis and
wheel thereby to transfer a charge of said mate
having a plurality of cylinders extending radially
rial from said chamber to each of said cans, said
inward from its periphery, a piston in each of said 35 can feeding means comprising a horizontal sta
cylinders, means forming a chamber enclosing
tionary member engaging one side of said straight
a rising part of said periphery and traversed
line of cans and an endless conveyer engaging the
thereby and adapted to contain material to be
opposite side of the straight line of cans and
packed into said cans, a can wheel rotating about
pressing said straight line of cans against said
a vertical axis and having a plurality of spaced
stationary member to true up out-of-round cans.
can receiving pockets in its periphery, said pe
riphery of said can wheel extending over the top
WILLIAM DE BACK.
of said can ?lling wheel, means for feeding a
REFERENCES CITED
straight line of cans bottom side up radially to
ward the axis of said can wheel to be successively
The following references are of record in the
picked up by the pocket thereof, means syn
?le of this patent:
chronizing the rotation of said can wheel with
UNITED STATES PATENTS
said can ?lling wheel to deliver said cans to said
can ?lling wheel with their open ends over said
Number
Name
Date
cylinders, means holding said cans in engagement
2,097,887
Lacey ____________ __ Nov, 2, 1937
with the periphery of said can ?lling wheel while
1,218,315
Redd _____________ __ Mar. 6, 1917
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