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Aug. 17, 1948.
2,447,253
F. D. JONAS
’ AUTOMATIC LOOKING DRUM FILE‘
5 Sheets-Sheet 1.
Filed March 1, 1944
Q
51»
INVENTOR.
BY
Angie.
' _ Aug. 17,1948.
2,447,253‘ .
F. D. JONAS
AUTOMATIC LOCKING DRUM FILE
Filed March ‘1, 1944
_ s Sheets-Sheet 2 j
|.IlU|I‘WvI|.I.I /|H
INVENTOR;
Frank 0 Jonas
%
Aug. 17, 1948.
F. D. JONAS
2,447,253
AUTOMATIC LOCKING DRUMFILE
Filed March 1, . 1944
5v Sheets—Sheet 5
In VEN m2
Fran/<0. Jams
2,447,253
Patented Aug. 17, 1948
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
Frank D. Jonas, East Williston, N. X, assignor to
.' Oxford Filing Supply Co. Inc., Brooklyn, N. Y.,
a corporation ofNew Jersey
Application March 1, 1944, ‘Serial No. 524,552’
'8 Claims. (01. 129-16)
1
-
This invention is .concerned with improvements
in v?ling‘devices particularly for use in ?ling
cards, comprising the drum or wheel type of
device having .a series of trays to 'receive'the cards
in combination with automatic locking :devices
whereby the cards are locked in the trays except
when the drum or wheel is in position for work
ing with the cards of one tray, at which time they
2
incorporated therein with a slotted hole inthe
bottom edge of the card. To remove or insert
cards in such a device they must be either handled
individually by forcing them off of or onto the
ring, or the ring itsel‘f'must be in segmental form
so that the segments with the attached cards can
be removed from the ‘wheel andthe cards sepa
rated therefromby sliding them off an end o'f'thev
segment. In the case of removable ring segments
The main objects of the invention are to provide 10 some form of manual release and‘ securing means
must be ‘provided to permit of the removal and
a- simple structure mechanically providing card
replacement of the individual segments with
receiving'trays or compartments within which a
attached card batches. Furthermore, in such
large number of cards in proportion to the size
arrangements the cards do not rest un-iiormly
of the device may be stored; providing auto
are releasedior removal.
maticaily' operating locking devices whichiock
the cards in the trays in all positions thereof ‘with
the exception of the tray exposed ‘for use; pro
viding means for locking the cards of the exposed
on the peripherial surface of the wheel and hence
their top edges at the outer circumference do not
present a uniform surface for ?ngering. ‘It is,
therefore, .di?icult, ‘if ‘not ‘impossible, to separate
individual cards for access merely by ?ngertip
tray in‘ place Iagainst unauthorized removal of
the cards; and providing- automatic indexing .20 action, such as may be accomplished with ac
curately sized cards when they are arranged on a
means to aid in centering the exposed tray in
working
position.
'
’
flat. supporting surface as in the device herein
'
disclosedwhich ‘has none of these disadvantages.
A very important feature of this invention re
when taken
connection ‘with the drawings, in Y2-5 sides'in the arrangement whereby the planes of
the cards extend at ‘right angles to the axis of
which several embodiments of the ‘invention are
Other andmore detailed objects oi th'einven
tion will be apparent from the following disclosure
rotation of the support as distinguished from the
structures described above where the cards lie
in the planes of the radii of the support. In the
bination, construction, arrangement ‘and relative
location of ‘parts as ‘will be described in detail 30 ?le of this invention the cards. stand up uni
iormly resting as they do on a plane surface and
below.
do not, as in the other device, ?op over in batches
In the accompanying drawings,
and turn and skew within the limits ailowed'by
Figure 1 is laside elevational view .or-a ‘structure
their mounting as the wheel is slowly turned to
in accordance with the principles of this invention
with some portions of ‘the housing‘ broken away
bring
the prior
the device,
‘cards into
the position
cards being
for exposure
on a ‘circular
illustrated.
This "invention resides .substantially in the ~com~ _
and some/parts omitted ‘TOT the sake of ‘simplicity;
Figure 21s a left hand elevational view ‘thereof
with a portion of ‘the end wall broken away;
7
‘Figure '3 is a detailed cross-sectional view show
ing the locking mechanism;
I
'
_ ‘
Figure 4 isa face elevational view thereof;
Figure 5 is a view diagrammatic in form, iilu's
tratingv more clearly one form of card locking
device;
'
‘Figures 6, "7, '8 and 9 are similar views of tour"
modi?ed forms vof locking devices.
In the card ?ling art it is not new to assemble
filing cards on some ‘form of rotatable drum or
surface so to speak, present a very irregular ?n
gering surface as distinguished from the device
of this invent-ion where the cards resting on ya
40 plane surface provide a very uniform ‘?ngering
surface. Indeed the differences are so great that
in the prior art devices ‘precision rotary cut cards
are of no ‘importance because they cannot be ?n
gered to separate them but must be thumbed 'at
the corners just like the pages of a bookin order
to separate them. ‘In the device of this inven
tion, the cards resting on a plane surface present
a very uniform ?ngering surface and, therefore,
precision rotary cut cards can and desirably are
wheel type of carrier. In this type of device it is
usual to mount the cards on the drum or wheel 50 used, In the prior art arrangements the cards
must be snapped off of and onto the ring when
with their planes parallel to the axis of rotation
removingand replacing them and as a result the
of the drum or wheel, and to provide some form
card stock must be of vvery high quality in order
of device for locking the cards thereon, ‘With
that the ears of the slotted mounting holescan
arrangements of this type, the cards are so locked‘
withstand" such abuse. With the device herein
on the wheel by engagement of ‘a mounting ring
2,447,253
.4
3
.
disclosed, all the freedom and regularity of ar
rangement present in a regular card tray is avail
The cards can be separated by light ?n
able.
gering on the top edge if they are, as they can be
in this case, rotary out since the top surface con
forms to the plane surface of the compartment
floor in which they are mounted. There is no
twisting or skewing of the cards because the sup
porting surface is ?at and does not encourage it
as it does in the other type of wheel. Further
more, one or a batch of cards may be removed
secured thereinto in any suitable manner. One of
each pair of these stub shafts at the gear ends as
7:1
illustrated at 23, extends beyond the associated
gear 22 and is connected by a lever 24 intermedi
ate its ends, as is clear from Figures 1 and 2. One
end of the lever '24 is connected by a tension spring
25 to a pin 26 mounted on the outer face of the
end plate I4.
As is clear from Figure 2, one of
these'levers is provided for each pair of locking
.19. vanes, that is one for each tray.
These elements are all mounted beside the
unimpeded by the necessity of snapping onto and j end plate I4, see Figure 1, so that the cam rollers
off of a mounting ring. They come out of and into
2'! mounted on the ends of the levers 24 may co
the ?le compartment just as easily as they do in ‘ operate with a?xed cam 28 secured on the inner
"face of the adjacent housing wall I!) in any suit
a plain ?le drawer or box.
In the prior art devices the usual arrangement ' ‘able manner; as by means of the rivets as indi
involves a continuous, although slow movement» j; cated at 50in Figure 4. The cam 28 throughout
of the wheel while in use, whereas in the device) H the major portion of its circumference is of cy
lindrical form but the portion which cooperates
herein disclosed the wheel is stationary while the - e
cards are being examined. Thus there is less eye 20 with the roller 21 of the tray exposed for use is
strain on the part of the operator since it re
of reduced radial length so that the vanes 23 are
quires less effort for the eye to travel along the
moved to a vertical position as shown in Figure
guides when they are stationary than it does when
2. The other rollers 21 are on the cylindrical
the guides move past the eye.
portion of the cam, and thus the vanes have been
' In‘accordance with this invention the device is 275 modi?ed to a divergent locking position as clearly
provided. with card receiving trays or receptacles,
shown for the other trays.
‘
a type of storage container more common in the
At the other endof the device,'that is the
card ?ling art, built into a drum or wheel so that
right hand’end, Figure 1 .is an indexing device
when the cards are mounted therein they lie in
comprising a cam 29 secured to the adjacent end
planes at right angles to the axis of rotation of
wall l4. This cam for a four traydevice has
the drum or wheel and rest upon a plane surface.
four seats relatively arranged so that a cam
Thus, for example as illustrated in Figures 1
roller 30 rests in one of the seats when the struc
and 2, the file structure includes a pair of suit
ture is in a position so that a tray is exposed for
ably shaped and proportioned end plates Ii! hav
use. The cam roller 30 is 'mounted on a lever
ing peripheral ?anges H to house the operating 35 3| which is pivotally mounted at 32 on the ad
structure connected to the ends of an axially
jacent housing end wall IS.
extending reinforcing housing or base 52 to pro
vide a self-sustaining rigid structure. Extending
chored on the main'shaft £3 at one end and at
the other end on a pinIforming extension of the
between the end walls H1 is a shaft l3 which like
wise interconnects the end walls to contribute to
pivotal support for the roller 30. In other words,
the‘ tension spring 33'holds the roller 30 ?rmly
against the periphery of the indexing cam 29,
Referring to Figure 5 it will be ‘seen that the
card 0, indicated by‘ a broken line, is provided
their rigidity.
Rotatably mounted on the shaft
[3 is a drum or wheel including a pair of end
plates 14 in the form of a cross having arms
of equal length, as clearly illustrated in Figure 2.
Extending between opposed pairs of arms which
are circumferentially aligned,‘ are the card trays
comprising theside walls l5 and the bottom wall
Hi, In the form of the device illustrated there
are four of these trays, but it is of course appar
ent that the structure could be modi?ed in the
larger sizes to provide space for more than four
trays. In the structure shown the right angle
spaces lying between adjacent pairs of trays are
closed off by transversely curved filler posts I‘!
which serve to impart to the drum a substantially
cylindrical cross-sectional form. All of these
parts, which are preferably made of metal, are
secured together in any suitable manner as by
welding and the like, and the speci?c details of
A spring 33 is an
,with' a triangular shaped notch N at its bottom
" edge at the transverse center, so that. when the
card is’inserted in the tray the van'es 2c project
into this notch. When the drum is rotated from
the position shown in Figure 2 in a clockwise di
rection, for example, as the roller 21 moves up
50 onto the cylindrical portion of cam 28, lever 24
is rotated causing the gears 22 to turn so that
the vanes move apart into a divergent relation
as clearly shown in Figure 2. In this position
the vanes 2!! lie parallel to the inclined space of
55 the notch N and lock the cards C in the tray.
They are thus locked in any one tray in all po
sitions of the drum except the substantially ver
tical position of the uppermost tray of Figure 2,
at which time they are unlocked so that they can
construction thereof can be varied and ampli?ed 60 be removed or new cardsgmounted in place.
as conditions suggest.
soon as the drum is again rotated, and before it
Each of the trays is provided with a central
moves sufficiently so that the cards can fall out.
slot 18 extending throughout the length of the
they are automatically locked in place. The op
bottom wall into which project the locking vanes
eration of the indexing mechanism is obvious.
20 which, as illustrated, are in the form of radial 65 It merely serves as a convenient method of prop
extensions of the tubular members l9. These
erly positioning the trays as they are exposed for
tubular members are journaled at their ends in
the respective trays by means of stub shafts in
With this arrangement as described it is obvi
serted in the ends thereof. At the left hand end,
ous that the cards in the uppermost tray are un
Figure 1, each stub ‘shaft is provided, as shown, 70 locked and so the mechanism of Figures 3 and 1i
with a spur gear 22 of the same size and meshing
is provided to make it possible to lock the'cards
. with each other. Structurally these spur gears
in this tray against unauthorized removal. To
may be integral with or mounted on short stub
accomplish this the ?xed cam 28 has its face ad
shafts, as illustrated in Figure 1, which ?t snugly
J'acent the wall l0 cut away to form the recessZB'
in the ends of the tubular members 13, and are 75. in which'a segmental shaped plate 38 lies. This.
use.
I
'
'
a
2,447,253
5
plate is freely rotatable on the shaft I3 and is
of an. angular width su?icient tobridge the ‘dwell
portion. of the cam. This segmental plate is
shown in ‘in-active position in the ?gures, but may
be swung’from the position shown to a position
where it is aligned withthe dwell of the'cam.
6‘
.
locked against rem-oval. When the tray is ex
posed ior use, however, the plates “will move
outwardly on the axes of the shafts 41' so that the
cards can be removed. This arrangement differs
from those previously described in that plain un-v
notched cards may b'e-used.
'
> 1
>
Figure 9 illustrates su?‘icient of a further nmdla
?cation which is a variant of the. structure 01
Figure 8 to make clear the intended structure.
the cam it in effect forms a continuation of the
cylindrical portion of the cam so that the arm 10 In this case the cards Care provided with notches
N'” at the side edges near the top and the plates
24 ‘ofthe exposed tray is moved from the posie
at are of less width so that their bent ends can
tion shown in Figure 2 to a position correspond
cooperate with the notches to lock the cards in
ing to that of the other arms, In this position,
place.
_
of course, the vanes of the exposed tray are in
looking position. As illustrated in Figure 4, 15 In the arrangements of Figures 6 to 9 inclusive
it is apparent that the locking devices or keys can
means is provided for locking the segmental plate
be operated in a manner quite similar to that illus
38 in either its operative ,or inoperative position.
trated for the structure of Figures 1 to 5 inclusive,
Attached to the outer face of the end wall I!) is
or the operating mechanisms can be varied in a
a hasp or ring 35 positioned at one end of an
arcuate slot 3!!» in that wall. Near the other end 20 number of di?erent ways.
I do not, therefore, desire to be strictly limited
of the slot is a similar hasp 36. Attached to the
to the illustrative embodiments of my invention as
Segmental disc is a hasp 31 which may move with
disclosed herein but rather by the scope of the
it. When the disc is in the position shown hasp
claims granted me.
3'! is aligned with hasp 35 and the parts may be
is claimed is:
locked in this position by means of the padlock 25 _ What
1. A ?ling device comprising a ?xed support,
39. On the other hand, when the segmental disc
a ?ling card support rotatably mounted on said
38 is swung counterclockwise, Figure 4, into align
fixed support and providing a plurality of card.
ment with the dwell of the cam the padlock in
trays, a plurality of cards in said trays, and look
terconnects hasp 35 with hasp 37, and thus all
ing
devices cooperating with the cards to lock
80
the cards are locked against removal.
them in the trays including a fixed cam and means
Some modi?ed forms of locking devices are
cooperating therewith upon rotation of said card.
illustrated in the remaining ?gures. Thus in
tray support for moving the locking devices from
Figure 6 the card C is provided with a substan
and to locking position.
tially circular notch N’ extending as shown to
2. In the combination of claim 1, said locking
at
the edge of the card. J ournaled in the tray is a
devices including notches in said cards and co
shaft 4| having a transversely extending vane
operating keys movable to and from locking posi
‘32 which projects radially from each side thereof.
tion.
The keythus formed is properly dimensioned
3. A ?ling device comprising a ?xed support, a
with the siZe of the notch so that it can rotate in
rotatable ?ling card support mounted on said
the similarly‘ shaped channel thus formed when 40 ?xed
support and providing a plurality of card
a plurality of cards are aligned. Secured to the
trays, a plurality of cards in said trays, locking
shaft is an arm 43 on which the cam roller 21
devices cooperating with the cards to lock them
is mounted for cooperation with a ?xed cam sim
in the trays, and means for releasing the locking
ilar to that previously described. The key is i1
devices as the respective trays are moved to work
lustrated in unlocked position so that the cards
~
position by rotation of said card tray support, said
can be mounted and removed. However, when
looking devices including notches in said cards
shaft 4| is rotated in either direction to a posi
and cooperating keys movable to and from lock
tion so that the key or vanes 42 are horizontal,
ing position in said notches.
it will be apparent that the cards are locked in
4. In the combination of claim 3, each of said
50
place.—
i
trays
having a longitudinal slot in its bottom wall
_ In ‘the modi?cation of Figure 7 the bottom wall
and said keys projecting through said slots and
of the tray which has a longitudinal slot in the .
into the notches of the cards.
bottom thereof similar to that of Figure 1, has an
5. In the combination of claim 1, means for
upturned ?ange l6’ extending at right angles to
preventing
cooperation of said means'for moving
65
the bottom of the tray. A shaft 4! similar to that
the locking devices.
of Figure 6 is iournaled below the tray and has a
6. In a card ?ling device of the type described,
single positioning arm 42’ extending throughout
the combination including a rotatable drum pro
the length of the tray and terminating in a hooked
viding a plurality of card supporting trays, a plu
end. As before the lever i3 is connected to the
shaft M and is provided with the cam roller 21. 60 rality of cards in said trays, means for locking
the cards in said trays, means for automatically
In this arrangement the cards have rectangular
and successively releasing them as each tray
notches N” near their bottom edges which ex
moves
into exposed position, and means for hold
tend to the edge as shown, so that when the vane
ing the locking means of the exposed tray in lock~
42’ is in the position shown the cards can be re
moved, but when it is moved in counterclockwise 65 ing position when desired, said releasing means
including a ?xed cam and cooperating lock op- >
direction to its locking position its hooked end
crating devices for each tray mounted on the drum
will engage the notches and prevent removal of
for rotation therewith.
the cards.
'7. In the combination of claim 6, said cards
In the arrangement of Figure 8 a pair of shafts
All are provided to which are secured the plates 44 70 being notched and said locking means comprising
a rotatable member having a key movable into
which extend vertically along the sides of the tray
and out of locking relationship with the notches
i5 to a point above them and just above the top
in the cards.
edges of the cards C. The upper ends of the plates
8. In a card ?ling device of the type described,
are bent over the cards and when these plates are
in the position shown in the ?gure the cards are 75 the combination including a rotatable drum pro
The radial’ dimensions of the segmental plate 38
are such that when it is aligned with the dwell of
2,447,253
7
8
viding a plurality of card trays, a plurality of
notched cards in said trays, means for locking the
cards in said trays, means for automatically and
successively releasing them as, ‘each tray moves
into exposed position, and said locking means
Number
684,999
. 706,838
802,585
957,784
comprising a pair of vanes movable into and out
of locking relationship with respect to the notches
Name
Datev
Mead ____________ __ Oct.
Lumley __________ __ Aug.
McNeal __________ __ Oct.
Liebert __________ __ May
22,
12,
24,
10,
1901
1902
1905
1910
959,943
1,930,898
Jones ____________ -_ May 31, 1910
Langdale __________ __ July 2, 1912
1,419,656
1,475,555
10 1,871,840
REFERENCES CITED
1,976,249
2,146,695
The followinglreferences are of record in the
2,259,463
?le of this patent:
2,328,055
Wood ____________ __ June 13, 1922
Sargeant ________ __ Nov. 27, 1923
Cobb ____________ __ Aug. 16, 1932
in said cards.
,
'
FRANK D. JONAS.
UNITED STATES PATENTS
Number
373,279
454,265
684,567
Name
15
Date
Fezandie __________ __ Nov. 15, 1887
Fezandie ________ __ June 16, 1891
Elmer __________ __ Oct, 15, 1901
Stafford ____ _1 ____ __ Oct. 9, 1934
Brand ____________ __ Feb. 7, 1939
Gri?in ____; _____ __ Oct. 21, 1941
Clough __________ __ Aug. 31, 1943
FOREIGN PATENTS
Number.
347,399
815,866
Country
Date
Great Britain ____________ _- 1931
France 3 __________________ __
1937
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