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Sept. 14, 1948.
I
J. HELD EI‘AL
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Filed April 4,, 1942
2,449,477
KNITTING OF SHAPED FABRICS
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19 Sheets-Sheet 1
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BY
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NEYL
Sept, 14, 1948.
2,449,477
J. HELD ETAL “
KNITTING OF SHAPED FABRICS
Filed April 4, 1942
19 Sheets-Sheet 2
INVENTORS.
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Sept; 14, 1948.
J. HELD ‘ ET AL
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Sept, 14, was“
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J. HELD ET AL
KNITTING OF SHAPED FABRICS
Filed April 4, 1942
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INVENTORS:
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Sept. 14, 1948.
J. HELD ET AL
2,44%,477
KNITTING 0F SHAPED FABRICS
Filed April 4, 1942
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INVENTO
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Sept. 14, 1948.,
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Patented Sept. 14, 1948
UNITED
PATENT‘ (DF'FICE'. _
Stroudsburg,.,Pa., .assignors 1.120‘ Textile "Machine"
Works. Wyomis'sing; Pa“ a corporation of Penn“:
sylv'ania' '
Application :"April @1942, Serial No. 437,714
44 Claims. (01. 65-49).
1.
2 .
It “is an object of the present ‘invention to pro-1.1 ,
This- ‘invention-l relates to: fullefashionedxw or. i‘
Vida-novel .means.-for.- operating the marrowirig! ‘
other.- straightzikn-itting ~macl'xines,~v such, as r50‘- ~
called .-.» “leggers,” utilized‘ for producing“ full-
combs aoi .an -or'dinar-y legger; knitting machine 113d‘
fashioned hosiery leg blanks, and more particue.
performmll wth‘esmovements". requir‘edf‘in L. making”.
larly .-to.,n-ovel .means for such ‘machines “ which‘
complete ,.legeandéifoot.bIanKs;x for efulléfashidned . 1
hosiery.
-.
will enable them to-wproducetother. improved;
Anotherlobiect .is..to providéi suchifmeansicapae'i
iashionedblanks, such . as complete leg-andefo‘ot,
or single unit,‘blanks',~by.-a- new- method. ‘
The... majority. of .1 blanks for full-fashioned“
stockings‘aremade .on- two machines, a “legge‘r” 10
and. “a “‘f6ote'r,’,’"‘and .large numbers of standard."
leggers are 'being'operated ‘in knitting ,mills‘in".
this, country. These standard full-fashioned‘
legger machines have threaded spindles capable
of 'imparting,,to'the. stopnuts forthe yarn car 15
rier‘ rods movements su?ibientsior single unit‘.
needs.- However, these machines are not vadapted . I
to makeboth'Lth‘e leg. and the foot portions of the blank‘ for a stocking, one reason for “this being
that the meanslfor moving the narrowingcomb's
is not designedto permit said combsito travel a.
20
distance required" to perform all the narrowing “
operations necessary to the production-oi a“
ble of preventing th‘e...nuts.on.the-..narrowing;v
spindle “coming r-into .Lcontact during..tl*ie produce
tion: of“ singleeunit hosiery. blanks.
.
A- furthér .obgiectfis‘ ‘.to. provide novel f-‘meansl- for...
racking, and forp-controllinglsthe racking. jo??thé...‘
end,stopiandwnarrowingl spindles of. {the ordinary
legger, and particularlyithe. meansioneontrollii'ign;v
turning-oilsaid spindlesln.thetwidening or back;
racking._.directi'on.,.
In connection with" the making of single ‘unit‘Z-I
blanks...by. "PI'OCESSESiHGIUdiHE: widening, andsnare‘i ‘
rowingtofsthel heel .areas,..th'e dif?oultyjhas arisen...‘
that'v-relativelyt. high ..tension. -.knitted areas are
formed nearrtheaangle in the selvageiedgeatithena
point~ where!» thecheell , selvage. joins. the sole...‘
selvage.
-
i
standard, full-Ifashioned stocking. The» threaded"
It. is :another »object.. oi. .the .present invention
to. provides single :unit hosiery and! ,blankssfzieei.
intended manner, are too short when operated "
of ,portionswhavingshigh vloop tension in the .heel
portions of the narrowing spindles, if used in the 25
to produce‘a‘complete leg-and-foot blank," and
pocket. .areasw byya novel. method ,' ‘oii’production;
if the ‘nuts for the narrowing combs ‘are operated
in an attempt to ‘produce such a blank they‘may'
he accidentally moved beyond the limits to which n
nism adapted‘to automatically carryout the nar.-,_
these ‘nuts are confined‘in ‘the legger machine‘,~ ,
with the result that the nuts are jammed and“
their precise- adjustment is disrupted.
An additionalwobject is. to sprovide iamrnecha- .
rowingtoperationsnecessary :for» making .a singlet.
unit hosiery blank free of areas havinglhigh...
looputension;
,
_
y
‘
It-IJis :‘ also an.‘ object. ..to=~.-provide= . a ,rnechani‘sms
responsive Hto~a widening, orbaok-raoking opera.‘
Full-fashioned hosiery machines of the “single .
unit” type, usually have longer frames as well as 35 tion adapted‘; to “control ‘the point. at -whichthe
fashion marks made in narlrowingabegin .to._ini-.
longer ‘spindles for moving the narrowing combs,
olinestoi the. selvage,~_
‘
:
i »
l
. ‘
so that they can not always 'be installed‘in the
Another i object- is: to J provide; a.“ mechanism...
space provided for leggers, even if the owners
whereby a reversal: 4 of‘. :the , motion ~of s then-end;
are willing to substitute one for the other,‘ and
stops
of-»a-[full-fashioned.knitting ;machine Panto;
sacri?ce their‘ investment in the leggers.‘
40
Further; the formation of a suitable heel‘
pocket requires that the blank for the "stocking
be-widened in the region of the heel. This‘has
maticallyw.changes-= them-point inane-path oi ‘the-o
end :stops at? which they narrowing mechanism
changes its action so as to make fashion-.emarkss
inaline inclined to theselvageinstead of parallel
of well known-ways. Heel 'pocketsi'lproduced by 45
_ Ar'further ‘obj ect "is:- to-lprovide automatio'means
widening and?narrowing operations of a ‘single
been done for‘ single unit stockings in a number i
thereto.
unit'machine have certain recognized-advantages?“
The means for racking the end ‘stop-land‘ narrow-'
ingaspindles‘ ofnithe standard legger hasnot been
considered AVQI} ladapte‘d for such a r‘methoduof:
operation;iandwatte-mpts to make blankslfor full;
fashioned. stockings :by" ‘widening i and» narrowing,»
the heel areas on a legger'machineihave here-r
toforewencountered» di?iculties in the away .i'of imi
proper. racking", causing‘ loss- of . time, or .‘damage 'i
tosthe 1 fabr-id-ion both. ~ ‘
-
-
~
‘
“ for throwing out of»Faction;swhenndesiredn-botlmr
the‘baok-racking-oriwideninge-pawls ior-ithe car
rier rod end stop and narrowing_spind~lesawhile:r
permitting».-both the narrowing -paw-1s "to; operate
and ‘for ‘1. throwingout» oi .actiorn when...desired
bothwthe‘ narrowing‘ DaWlsl.while.l.permitting..,both. .
widening§or.~back;-racking , pawls'. to operate.
It 'is also anobiiectto provide operatirigrmeans.
foruthe endlstop. and narrowinguspindlesfso are
ranged. that .both. pawls-j for operating. :the par-F.
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