close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

код для вставки
Patented Dec. 7, 1948
f 1,455,541‘
I um'rapj arms ’ earl-1N1‘ orrlcs 7
William minim Waldle, mums. one. alaignor
to New Wrinkle,‘ Ine., Wllmingtom- Del., a cor
poration of Delaware
No Drawing. mumps mini
Serial No. a 3,001 '
15, 1945.
-
'1 Claims. (01. "Has
.
1
'
.
This application relates to wrinkle ?nishes and
formaldehyde resin with 8 gallons of raw tung oil
more particularly to air-drying wrinkle ?nishes. '
to 540" 1'‘. until uniform dispersion was obtained,
then cooling to 350’ I". and adding 5 gallons of
xylol and 12 gallons of light gravity petroleum
Heretofore wrinkle ?nish coatings have been
prepared by applying a speci?c varnish to the
surfaces to be coated and subsequently baking it
naphtha.
light whereby the desired hardness of the ?lm was
.
(b) The same‘ oil drier as described in Example
in an oven or under the influence of infra-red Y
‘ I under (b) was used.
(c) A pigment paste was produced by grinding
2 pounds of carbon black and 38 pounds of
wrinkle ?nish composition which. when‘ applied 10 asbestine with 40 pounds of the varnish obtained
‘ under (a) .
to the surfaces,v harden at normal room tempera
(d) The air drying coating composition was
tures. By this the baking step is made super
finally produced by mixing 2 gallons of the varnish
~ fluous'and the production cost of such ?nishes is
made according to (a) with ‘2 gallons of the drier
considerably deci-eased.
_‘
_
It has been found that mixtures of short oil 15 and 8 pounds of the pigment paste. A coating
made from this composition after air drying
varnishes containing approximately from 2 to
obtained.
v_
‘
It is an object of this invention to provide
15 gallons of oil‘per 100 pounds of resin and an‘ ' showed excellent wrinkle formation and was fairly
hard.
oil drier will have such desirable air-drying prop
erties. Compounds having from 30 up to 130
Example III
gallons of oil drier per 100 gallons of‘short oil 20
(a)' 100 pounds of rosin modi?ed phenol forni
varnish have proven particularly suitable ‘and
aldehyde resin were heated with 8 gallons of
lique?ed oiticica oil to approximately 500 to 510° F.
have been found; to yield uniform wrinkled coat
ings of satisfactory hardness.
}
'
I
until ‘ homogeneous
The following‘ examples of air drying wrinklev
dispersion‘ was
obtained,
varnishes may hie considered as exemplary of the 25 whereupon heating was discontinued and the mass
compositions particularly employed in connection ' allowed to cool down to 350° F. Five gallons of
xylol and 12 gallons of light gravity petroleum‘ ‘
naphtha were then‘ added.
Example I
(b) Fifteen gallons of lique?ed oiticica oil, 4;‘
(a) A short oil varnish was ?rst prepared by 30' pounds of precipitated lead resinate and 5 pounds
of precipitated‘ cobalt resinate were heated to-*
heating a mixture of‘ 100 pounds of a rosin
gether to approximately 500° F. until complete " ,
modi?ed pheno -formaldehyde resin, and four
distribution; whereupon 10 gallons of light gravity
gallonsof raw tung oil to‘540“ F. until a homo
petroleum naphtha and 5 ‘gallons of xylol were
geneous dispel-s @n of the resin was ‘obtained.
The mass was than allowed to cool down to 350° F. 35
A mixture of 6 gallons of the varnish obtained
whereupon ?ve gallons of xylol and '7 gallons of
with the present; invention.
added.v
_
‘
"
v
‘ " under (a) and of 4 gallons of the drier described
light petroleum naphtha were added. under (12), when‘sprayed on a surface and air
- (b) The oil drier was separately prepared by
dried; resulted in a ?lm which was fairly hard.
heating a mixture of 15 gallons of raw tung 011,
four pounds of precipitated lead resinate and ?ve
pounds of precipitated cobalt resinate to 500° F.
until a homogeneous mixture was ‘obtained. The
batch was then allowed to air-cool to 350° E, and
i0 gallons of light gravity petroleum‘ naphtha
40
-
and showed a satisfactory and uniform wrinkle
texture.
-
From the examples given aboveit will be seen
that short oil varnishes, by which expression I
‘ wish to encompass varnishes"that ‘contain from
45 2 to 15 gallons of oil per 100 pounds of resin, in
and 5 gallons of xylol were then added.“
(cl 1! mixture of 7 gallons‘ ‘ofthe varnish ., mixture ' with an oil. drier result in compounds
obtained under (a) and 9 gallons of the drier " which‘ when applied to a surface dry at room tem
perature to form a hard ?lm of uniform texture.
obtained under (17) formed a composition which,
when] applied to a surface and allowed to dry 'at
' Similar to the carbon black of Example II, other
room temperature, resulted‘ in a hard ?lm of 50 pigments may be used depending upon the color
uniform wrinkle texture.
‘-
'
Y
'
'
inert pigments known to the art besides asbestine
Example 1r "
may be added.
In this instance a wrinkle coating of black color
was‘pro'duced._
>
-
'
I
'
desired for the ?nished coating. Likewise, other '
a
(a) First a short oil varnish was prepared
by heating 100, pounds, of rosin ‘modi?ed phenol
"'
‘
From the examples given it is evident ‘that dry
55 ing oils with or without conjugated double bonds‘
I yield equally comparable results. Thus, for ex
ample, soya bean oil resulted. in coatings Just as _
2,455,541
3
4
said oil drier being obtained by heating to 500° F.
until homogeneous 15 gallons of lique?ed oiticica
oil, 4 pounds of precipitated lead resinate, 5
pounds of precipitated cobalt resinate, and then
adding ;_10v gallons of light gravity petroleum
naphtha and 5 gallons of xylol.
satisfactory for some purposes as those made
with tung oil. This is a very important advantage
obtained by the invention, because drying oils
having non-conjugated double bonds are plenti~
fully available from domestic sources and there
fore cheaper than'those with conjugatedv double -~
4. An air drying wrinkle ?nish coating com
bonds which either have to be imported or have to
be prepared from non-conjugated oils by a cheml-_
position consisting of a mixture of 100 parts by
cal process. Conjugated double-bonded oils, such
volume of short oil varnish and 30 to 130 parts
as raw tung oil, blown tung oil, liqui?ed oiticica oil in by volume of an oil drier; said short oil varnish
and dehydrated castor oil were found highly sat
being obtained by heating to from 500° to 540°
isfactory.
'
F. until homogeneous from 2 to 15 gallons of con
jugated double-bonded drying oil selected from
It was also found that the hardness of the ?lm
the group consisting of tung oil and oiticica oil
can be controlled by cooking the oil drier to a
lower or higher viscosity, driers of higher viscos
with 100 lbs. of oil-soluble rosin-modified phenol
ities yielding a coating of greater hardness than
formaldehyde resin; and said oil drier being ob
tained by heat reacting at approximately 500°
those of lower viscosity. ,
F. until homogeneous a mixture of 4 pounds of
It will be understood that the term “oil drier”
lead resinate and 5 pounds of cobalt resinate with
is used in the art for a drier free from any‘resin
in contradistinction to a Japan drier which con 20 from 10 to 20 gallons of said conjugated double
bonded drying oil and by then adding hydrocar
tains resinous matter.
'
’
bon thinner at 350° F.
It will be also understood that while there have
5. An air drying wrinkle ?nish coating com
been described herein certain speci?c embodi
position consistlng of a mixture of 100 parts by
ments of my invention, it is not intended thereby
volume of short oil varnish and 30 to 130 parts
to have the invention limited to or circumscribed
by the speci?c details of procedures, materials,
by volume of an oil drier; said short oil varnish
being obtained by heating to from 500° to 540° F.
compositions or proportions herein set forth by
until homogeneous from 2 to 15 gallons of con
way of example in view of the fact that this inven
tion is susceptible to modi?cations according to
jugated double-bonded drying oil selected from
the group consisting of tung oil and oiticica oil
individual preference or conditions without de
parting from the spirit of this disclosure and the
with 100 lbs. of oil soluble rosin-modi?ed phenol
scope of the appended claims.
formaldehyde resin; and said oil drier being ob
tained by heat reacting at approximately 500°
a
I claim:
1. An air-drying wrinkle ?nish coating com
position consisting of a mixture of 7 gallons of
short oil varnish and 9 gallons of oil drier; said
, F., until homogeneous, a mixture of 4 pounds of
'' lead resinate and 5‘pounds of cobalt resinate with
15 gallons of said conjugated double-bonded dry
ing oil and by then adding hydrocarbon thinner
short oil varnish being compounded by heating
to 540° F. until homogeneous 100 pounds of rosin
modi?ed phenol formaldehyde resin and 4 gal
at 350° F.
_6. An air drying wrinkle ?nish coating com
lons of raw tung oil, and then adding at 350° F. 5 40 position consistlng of a mixture of 100 parts by
gallons of xylol and 7 gallons of light gravity
volume of short oil varnish, 30 to 130 parts by vol
petroleum naphtha; and said oil drier being com
ume of an oil drier and pigment; said short oil
pounded by heating to 500° F. until homogeneous
varnish being obtained by heating to from 500°
15 gallons of raw tung oil, 4 pounds of precipi
to 540° F. until homogeneous from 2 to 15 gallons
tated lead resinate, 5 pounds of precipitated co
- of; conjugated double-bonded drying 011 selected
balt resinate, and then adding at 350° F. 10 gal
from the group consisting of tung oil and oiticica
ions of light gravity petroleum naphtha and 5
oil with 100 lbs. of oil-soluble rosin-modi?ed
gallons of xylol.
J
phenol formaldehyde resin; and said oil drier
2. A black air drying wrinkle coating composi
being obtained by heat reacting at approximately
tion consisting of a mixture of two gallons of a 50 500° F., until homogeneous, a mixture of 4 pounds
short oil varnish, 2 gallons of an oil drier, and 8
of lead resinate and 5 pounds of cobalt resinate
pounds of a pigment paste; said short oil varnish
with from 10 to 20 gallons of said conjugated
being obtained by heating to 540° F. until homo
double-bonded
drying oil and by then adding hy
geneous 100 pounds of rosin modi?ed phenol
drocarbon thinner at 350° F.
formaldehyde resin and 8 gallons of raw tung
7. A method of preparing an air drying wrinkle
oil, and then adding at 350° F. 5 gallons xylol
and 12 gallons light gravity petroleum naphtha;
said oil drier being obtained by heating to 500°
F. until homogeneous 15 gallons of raw tung oil, 4
pounds of precipitated lead resinate, 5 pounds
of precipitated cobalt resinate, and then adding
at 350° F. 10 gallons of light gravity petroleum
naphtha and 5 gallons of xylol; and said pigment
paste being compounded of 2 pounds of carbon
black, 38 pounds of asbestine and 40 pounds of
said short oilvarnish.
3. An air-drying wrinkle ?nish coating com
position ‘consisting of ‘a mixture of 6 gallons .of
a short-oil varnish and 4 gallons of an oil drier;
said short oil varnish being obtained by heating
to from 500- to 510° F. until homogeneous 100
pounds of rosin~modi?ed phenol-formaldehyde
resimand 8 gallons of lique?ed oiticica‘ oil, and
then adding at 350° F. 5 gallons of xylol and 12
gallons of light gravity petroleum naphtha; and
?nish coating composition consisting of mixing
100 parts by volume of short oil varnish and 30
to 130 parts by volume of an oil drier; said short
60
oil varnish being obtained by heating to from 500°
to 540° F. until homogeneous from 2 to 15 gallons
of conjugated double-bonded drying oil selected
from the group consisting of tung oil and oiticica
oil with 100 lbs. of oil-soluble rosin-modi?ed
phenol formaldehyde resin; and said oil drier
being ‘obtained by heat reacting at approximately
500° F. until homogeneous a mixture of 4 pounds
of lead resinate and 5 pounds of cobalt resinate
with from 10 to 20 gallons of said conjugated
double-bonded drying oil and by then adding hy
drocarbon thinner at 350° F.
.
' ‘ \
WILLIAM ALISHIRE WALDIE.
(References "on following page)
2,450,541
5
6
REFERENCES CITED
v
The following references-are or record in the
file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
Number
Name
Number
,
547,287
5
‘
Date
1,864,763
Root _, ___________ __ June 28, 1932
FOREIGN PATENTS
Country _.
Date
Great Britain ____ _.. Aug. 20, 1942
'OTHER REFERENCES
- Bottler (transl. by Sabin) , German and Amer
ican Varnish Making, Wiley, 1912, pp. 66, 251, 253.
1,976,191
Root _____________ -1- Oct. 9, 1934
2,077,112
Kittredae -L ______ -_ Apr, 13, 193': 10
‘ (Copy in Division 64.)
2,308,595
Drummond ______ .... Jan. 19. 1943
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
351 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа