Jan. 18, 1949. ‘ w. P. HODGES ' _ ' 2,459,646 GUIDE CUTTER- AND STUB HOLDER Filed July 21, 1947 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 '7 - INVENTOR. [Halter P. I'lg?jes 5* ATTCI RN EYS Jan. 18, 1949. ‘2,459,646. W. P. HODGES GUIDE CUTTER AND STUB HOLDER Filed July 21, 1947 3' Sheets-Sheet 2' ’ INVENTOR. [Halter P. Had ES "- 4% A'ITD RN EYS Jan. 18, 1949. w. P. HODGES ' 2,459,646 GUIDE CUTTER AND STUB HOLDER Filed July 21, 1947_ 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 >595 IN VENTOR. [Halter P. @525 ATTCI RN EYE ’ Patented Jan. 18, 1949 , 2,459,646 2""... "UNITED - ear-emf oF-Eics “2.459.646 - ' Gmnn'cUr'rEn AND“, STUHHOLDER Walter P. Hodges; "KnoxvilleyTenni- ‘ Xppli‘cati’on July 21, 1947; Serial no; 762.4437 ' 2. ' M-y- present inventionrelates- toiithe generall‘cl'ass of geometrical instruments or implementskof-th'e straight edge type and-utilized as a‘ gage in‘ con ' mounted, and‘? the book or pad» of sheets‘ 3, 'as-a k _ nection with the tearing'oi paper'she'ets; and‘imore speci?cally'to an improved Guide‘cutter- andistu'b" holder which while adapted for various purposes and'uses, is especially designed for use" by- postal employees and-others in the preparation'of money sheetsare exhausted-Zv The book is mounted‘ ina' " somewhat U-shap‘ed- or rectangular - open-end€ be'ok'ofi blankimoney orders‘; is! d'etachably' mount~ ed; and‘ adapted for ready- removal‘v when the‘ orders that are to be cut off or torn off t'ddndic'ate" different’ money values. The primary object of‘ 10, the invention‘is‘the provision-of a portableiniple’e ment or instrument of this character that is holder 4‘ mountedon'the'book plate, and the‘h'o‘ld- » er is-provided‘ with a number of retaining pins’ 5;‘ for engaging the book as'it is pressed‘ into‘pos‘i'e tiOfld?-Whé holder.‘ ‘ ‘ A clamp device 6 for the-"stub'encl ofthe’bookit prov'idedwith‘a- retaining hookecléend‘ 'i' that‘ en gages‘the" book‘ and’ projects through slot 'of' the" simple in construction and operation; ccmposedof holder- for this purpose, and this clamp’ device” a' minimum number‘ of parts that may with fa isiactuated'by'an angular l'iand‘leverv or bell crank cility be manufactured at low cost of production 115': lever 8‘pivotedi on the holder‘ at‘ 9‘. and'pivot‘allyf ~ and assembled with" convenience'to insurev a re" liable, accurate, and durable‘implement that may be skillfully‘operated without di?i‘culty, and‘whi'cb'." conhected-witl'i‘the clamp arm 6' at Hi‘; I I I A's-‘usual, the‘successi've‘ top‘sheets of th'ejb‘ooki are‘torin leaving the‘stubs intact, and‘ means'are" provided‘_for retaining these stubs in position to 20. it's required functions. ' I . insureiclearance‘and freedom of action in" team The‘invention consists in certain‘ novel? features‘ ing‘th‘e‘ remaining sheets of‘ thebook. For thisv is ef?cient and proficient in the" performance‘ of of construction and combinationsv and" arrange‘; ments vof manually operated parts‘ including a. work holder andv the paper-tearing gage" and mechanism as will hereinafter be describ'e‘diini detail, and more particularly'se‘t' forth in‘the‘ap: ger i‘l iShinged‘orIpiVOtaIly mounted‘ by'-piI_l i'Z'fl‘n a- bifurcated" orj slotted and' quadrant’ shaped" pended claims. frame‘is' anchored‘ at'on'e" end" to the frame, and ' purpose‘a ‘ resiliently mounted stubv holder" or fin‘ In the accompanying drawings‘ I’ have illus its other end'i‘s'anchor'edto a‘ bracket l_5'of’ the; trated' a complete disclosure of the invention in pin or ?nger l i, above the pivot i2. As indicated" which the parts are combined and'arranged"in'ac 30? iii-Fig; 3 by dotted ,lines,,the stubs“ maybe turned‘ cord with'one model have devised‘ forthe'prac or’ curled‘upwardly behihd‘me' resilient hold'ei‘épin» tical application of the principles‘o'f my inven-' or“?ngeri'andithe'springholds the ?nger‘ in upright tion. It will, however be understood that changes position against a stop 'piiii 6 of the slotted frame. and alterations are contemplated and may be B'y ' pressure of! the‘, thumb or ?nger against. the made in these exemplifying“ drawings and me spring-held det’e'ht" or anger n ' the detent may" chanical structures, within the scope of my claims. be ‘moved or swung to the left in Fig. 3 to release without departing from the principles of the in these stub sheets. vention. ' The tearing gage or cutter for the sheets is dis Figure 1 is a plan view of an appliance in which I posed at right angles to the long axis of the book my invention is physically embodied' partly 40 plate 2 and the book 3, and this mechanism is re broken away for convenience of illustration. ciprocable and hand-operated to and from position Figure 2 is a front edge view of the appliance, over the, book, with automatic or spring actuated partly in vertical section as at line 2-»-Z of 1. retracting means, and with automatic or spring Figure 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional detail actuated vertically adjusting means that adapt, view as at line 3—3 of Fig. 1. the cutter to varying thicknesses of the book. Figure 4 is a fragmentary detail perspective The tearing unit is mounted in a housing ll of view showing the holder and clamping means for rectangular shape, and provided withv a top plate the book of sheets to be successively torn. ‘ l8 that is longitudinally slotted at iii to guide and Figure 5 is a partial plan view showing the tear retain the resiliently mounted cutter which is of ing gage in operative relation to the book; and inverted T-shape in cross section, and includes an Figure 6 is a vertical sectional view of the parts upright ?ange 20 having spaced upper edge in Fig. 5. notches 2| and 22 or seats’for two ?ngers employed In carrying out my invention I utilize a flat base in adjusting and retaining the unit in proper board or plate I of convenient size and shape. _ position. along one edge of which the book plate 2 is rigidly The ?ange 20 is fashioned with a horizontally 2,459,646 4 . support in the housing for the unit, and a. hori zontally disposed presser plate rigid with the disposed presser plate 23 having right angle edges equipped with bevels or tearing edges 24 for aline ment with the blocks of the book, and by means of which the sheets are manipulated and torn off at the proper designations. The cutter unit is slid to adjusted position over the book against the tension of a rotary spring 25 mounted on a rotary pin 26 in the spring hous hand-piece. 2. In a manually operated paper tearing ap pliance, the combination with a base and a book holder, of a guide-housing mounted laterally of the holder, a spring-retracted presser unit recip rocable in the housing, a bowed leaf-spring mounted within the housing for supporting the ing 21 located at one end of the housing for the reciprocating cutter, and a chain or cord 28 con 10 unitgs‘ai'd imit""‘including§ asnotche'd hand-piece pro'jecti'ngthrbu‘gh the‘housing, and a h'orizon nects the cutter with this automatic and spring tally disposed presser plate rigid with the hand piece and forming a tearing gage. actuated retracting device. By placing two ?n gers or a ?nger and a thumb in the notches 3. In amanually operated appliance, the com 22 the cutting unit may be drawn over into posi tion above the book, and’ then by 'a downward" 15 bination with a base and a slotted guide housing, _ pressure of the hand the presser plate'23 solidly» i ~ and a presser unit reciprocable in the housing, of impinges against the top sheet of the book. When . _ a .rotary retracting spring mounted on the base and attached to said unit, resilient means mount pressure is released, the cutter is automatically‘ ' lifted from the book and also automatically‘witb‘ a ed in thechousing for supporting the unit, and drawn, by spring 25, into its housing. 20 said unit including a hand piece and a. rigid horizontally disposed presser plate forming a tearing guide. 4. In a manually operated paper tearing ape pliance, the combination with abase and a work-} For automatically lifting the cutter a bowed leaf spring 28' is mounted in the housing parallel with and beneath the uplifted cutter, and one end of the spring is anchored as at 29 to the base board that forms the bottom of the housing. 25 holder, and a slotted housing, of an inverted T-shaped presser unit reciprocable in the hous By this combination and arrangement of parts ing, said unit including an upright blade having the cutting unit may be manipulated skillfully and with accuracy without necessity for expert labor, but with rapidity and efficiency in the per formance of its functions. ’ _ _ From this description taken in connection with my drawings it will be apparent that the manually operated paper tearing unit withits automatically spaced ?nger notches and projecting through the slotted housing and a horizontally disposed pres ser plate rigid with-the blade and forming a 30 operating retracting spring, together with the tearing gage, a retracting spring connected to the unit, and a bowed leaf spring mounted within the housing for supporting the unit. 5. In a manually operated paper’ tearing ap bowed spring as a resilient support for the depres 35 pliance, the. combination with a book-holder, a stub-retainer frame mounted over the book sible presser plate and tearing gage, provides a holder, and a spring actuated retaining detent device of simple construction that may be utilized‘ mounted over the book-holder, of a guide-hous in the performance of its functions for quickly ing, a presser unit reciprocable in the housing, gaging and tearing off a money order or sheet from the book. The spring detent for retaining 40 a retracting spring connected to the unit, and resilient means mounted in_ the housing for sup the book stubs may be manipulated with facility porting the unit. . in holding the stubs out of the way for freedom in, 6. In a manually operated tearing instrument, holding and tearing a money order or sheet from‘ the combination with a book-holder having end the book or pad, and the e?iciency and pro?ciency and side walls, retaining, pins mounted'in said of the operator is enhanced together with a sav Walls, a pivoted clamp mounted in the holder for ing in time and labor. v abook, and a spring detent mounted over the Having thus fully described my invention what holder for retaining stubs, of a guide housing and I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters a reciprocable presser unit mounted therein, a Patent is: j , , 1. In a manually operatedpaper-tearing ap 50' retracting spring connected to the unit, and resilient means mounted in the housing for sup pliance, the combination witha base anda book holder, of a slotted housing mounted laterally of the holder, a spring-retracted presser unit recipe rocable in the housing including an upright hand piece projecting through the housing, a resilient 55. porting the unit. _ WALTER P. HODGES; No references cited.