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April 19, 1949~
J. L. GolNEs ET AL
April 19, 1949.
2,467,611 8
16 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed may 9, 1944
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Filed May 9, 1944-
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April 19, 1949»
J.I|_. GolNEs ET AL
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16 sheets-sheet e
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April 19, 1949-
’ J. |_. GoxNl-:s ETAL
Filed May 9, 1944
16 Sheets-Sheet 7 l
April 19, 1949.
J. |_. GolNEs ET A1.
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April 19, 1949.
J. L.. GolNEs ET AL ~
Filed May 9, 1944
16 Sheets-Sheet 9
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April 19, 1949.l
Filed May 9, 1944
16 Sheets-Sheet 10
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Äpril 19, 1949.
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Filed May 9, 1944
16 Sheets-Shes?I _11 _
April 19, 1949-
Filed May 9, 1944
16 sheets-sheet 12
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April 19, 1949.
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JIL. eolNEs E'ÄrAL
Filed May 9, 1944
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1e sheets-sheet 13
April 19, `1`g49.
J. |_. GQINEs ET A1.
Filed May 9, 1944
16 Sheets-Sheet 14
April 19, 1949.
J. L._GolNEs ET A1.
1e sheéts-sheet 15
Filed May 9, 1944
Job/r L Games
»4/óerr‘ C Gaines
Char/e5 _5I G'o/nes
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George .î//p//a/ld
[email protected] f”
April 19, 1949.
Filed May 9, 1944
1e sheets-sheet 16
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Patented Apr. 19, 1949
John L. Goines, Albert C; Goines.. and Charles' S.v
Groin‘es,Y Charlotte, and Roy Ri Howard; and'
Georges. Holland, Concord, N. C.; said Howard
and said Holland assignora to- said John L.
Goines, saidAlbert. G. Goìnes;.a;nd' saidßharl‘es..
S'. Goìnes.
Application May 9, 1944, SerialiN‘o. 534,778'
(Cl. lOl-_199)
The object of our invention is to= provide a
novel multiple printingv mach-ine, having a
plurality of type beds,v synchronously' operated
original source of the ink before it is=spread".on.;
the inkingdiscs and type forv printing;l
Fig; 1U* is a. continuation offthe‘ sectional View
shown in Figs. 6 and '7;
Fig: 1.1»v isa Viewl of?V thezpaper size: regulator
of paper from a series `of paper-‘rolls over the type 51
which.g is also» illustrated on` a1 smallerA scalef. in
beds and printing on the separate strips of paper
Fig. 2 in connection with other parts;
the desired printingy andÍ thence automatically
feeding these several stripsl of paper toA a cutter
Fig. 13 is a section showing how~` the'szlarge' rorlft>
and' cutting them into-thed‘esired'page sizes and
of/ paper shown inV Fig; 10i is; attached on the
in combination with this mechanism“,~ perforating
shaft' to any desired.v position. The large rollzof"
these pages along a pre-determined line or lines
paper may turnA either‘on-or withztheshaft.
and automatically foldingl the» pages and~v form
Fig. 1'4 isa side elevationaofï the poWeredriv-ing;
ing them into folders, pamphlets or books, asmechanism which'. is vthe originallsourceiof power.V
more fully hereinafter described.
of the machine;`
It is also ourI object to provide novel means
Fig.. 1'5‘1 lis a detailed'p'erspective view. of; the
for operating this multiple printing machine »and
type bedlî with thev impression'. plïater swung;y basic'v
to provide novel meansffory adjusting and regu
into‘ open position;
lating its operation.
Fig. 16 is a perspective View" of the impression.
We attain these- and other objectives of our4
inking rollers and means- forv conveying strips
invention by> the mechanism illustratedv in the-accompanying drawings inwhi‘ch:
Figure- 1ì isa sideelevation ofv theu major' por‘
tion of the machine;
Fig. 2 is a continuation of' the side elevation
shown in Fig.- 1 showing the end of the machine
Which perforates the several stripsl of thev paper
either» or both longitudinally4 and`v transversely
plateA inA operating position.
Fig: 1711s: a'. small detaili of‘ thea locking? pins.
for ‘securing> the? chasefto »the type bed..
Fig. 18 is a view partly in; elevation- and .partlyf
in-` section-1,. showing; howY the. impression; plate is
supported? when-„itz is'y in.. op en position; f
Fig: 19'; is: a. diagrammatic'top plan. viewfshowm
ing the inking mechanism when the inking'. isaV
and cuts theminto sheetsofíthe desired size;
Figi.. 2011s aa similar- diagrammatic topi planvi‘ew
Fig.v 3 is a side` elevation ofthe remainingupper
portion of the machine which because. of its' 30 showing ' the position; of the; rollersÍ whent spreade
ing».` inkrover." one' oil' the' inking> discs;
height could not be shown' in- Fig. 2 and` con
Fig;¿a similardiagrammatic top'fplanzshowe
stitutes a continuation. of Fig; 2', the. purpose of"
ingfthe: rollers: ina position~ where they again‘pick;
which is to unwind the'paper from the' large paper
upfink;- and. also: showingfthearea». coveredï by tha
rolls 60, 6_,|„62,_ |53;l
Fig. 4 is a sectional’ View.' ofJ an enlarged scale
ink when the rollers are in Contact with the ñrst'
of the top roller system atY the, extreme. right end,
of the machine;
Fig. 5 is a detail of theI wheell that keeps the
Fig;A 22'." isf a similar diagrammatic top: plan
View4 ofi the roller-‘sî in contact with" the~ second'
inlsing;> disc;
inkingf dios, .spreading ‘ the7
and also illustrate
paper tight against the roller.„correspondingwith
ing the point Where the ink'- will. have toy be- dèi-r
the mechanism shown in Fig. 3;
posited before"r the other' twov rollers pick' itk up
Fig. 6 is a section onFig. 1. with certain parts
a-ndcarryit across to the opposite disc; the two`
omitted for clarity;y
rollers.; 311-1 (.Fi'g; 22)“ convey `the-ink' on- their right
Fig. 7 isa continuation of the section, shown
side ends from ink discs [15T to
discs‘32- With
in Fig. 6;
45 outsdepositingI any:
onA theZ type; Therefore
Fig. 8,is a detailed elevatîon.showing;the.-sourcer
inltzdis‘cs;r 32A contain the'fsame- amount of ink as’>
of power for the driving shaft to'- turn the ink
discs l5; an'd’- a'll'í sid'esf~ ofv tli'e‘- type* is unidiscs;
form‘ly covered‘ïwi'th ink:
Fig. 9 isa sectionlofthefeinkïwell shown at'the.:
Fig. 23 is a diagram of one of Ythe“irilri'n'g‘discs`
upper left hand cornerfoiFiaH» and‘fwhich'i's the; 50 showinghow:theiink'is'spread’ovcrfitsïsurface‘due
to its revolution as the inking roller passes over it;
Fig. 24 is a diagrammatic side elevational view
showing the whole system of rollers and the man
ner in which the strips of paper from the pri
position when the knife cuts the paper and while
the perforator passes across it, and the mechanism
which operates this gate;
Fig. 41 is a detailed sectional view on line 4-I-ll
mary rolls `are threaded over the various con
of Fig. 39;
veying or loose rollers, when using four sheets or
rolls of paper and three sheets of carbon paper;
Fig. 25 is a similar diagrammatic side eleva
Fig. 42 is a detail elevational view showing how
the speed of the paper is regulated in passing
over the rollers shown in Figs. 3 and 4;
Fig. 43 is a plan view taken on line 43-43 of
tional view of the whole system of rollers but
illustrating the operation when only two rolls of 10 Fig. 42;
paper are used and bothsides of the paper are
Íbeing printed, with carbon paper dispersed be
tween the two printed sheets.
Fig. 26 is a small detail perspective view of our
floating tension bar which by reason of its weight
holds the strip of paper in the desired position to
engage the nearest rollers;
Fig. 27 is a section longitudinally of a portion
of the printing machine near the end of the ma
chine where the paper is perforated and where it -
is cut into sheets or pages by the automatically
operated knife and then deposited on a conveyor
Fig. 28 is a transverse elevational view taken
approximately on the line 28-28 of Fig. 27 to
show the relationship of the rollers and gears;
Fig. 29 is a side elevation taken approximately
on line 29-29 of Fig. 28;
Fig. 30 is a detail kside elevation of the large
ratchet delivery wheel taken approximately on
line 30-30 of Fig. 28;
Fig~ 31 is a perspective view of the parallel per
forator 8| shown on Fig. 27;
Fig. 32 is a perspective view showing the trans
Fig. 44 is a perspective view of one of the four
rollers shown at the lower right hand end of the
printing machine in Fig. 2;
Fig. 45 is a section of the rollers between the
type beds and impression plate;
Fig. 46 is a detail perspective view of a portion
of the paper tension regulator shown on Fig. 2;
Fig. 47 is a perspective view partly in section
and partly in elevation showing how the perfora
tor is attached to the machine, this mechanism
also is to regulate the printed impression with the
shearing knife;
Figure 47A is a view, partly in section, of the
means employed to secure the perforating mech
anism in adjusted position.
Fig. 48 is a small detail section in a plane on a
median longitudinal line with the shaft which
supports the perforating disc |63;
Fig. 49 is a perspective view showing the roller
which pulls the carbon off the large carbon rolls
or other original source of supply of the carbon.
This mechanism is also shown on Fig. 1 in three
different positions, where three rolls of carbon
paper are used;
Fig. 27 and adjacent mechanism, also means have
Fig. 50 is a detail front plan of a brake on the
opposite end of shaft 93 from the ratchet wheel;
been provided whereby this perforator can be
operated when same is mounted on frame 64 be
Fig. 51 is a side elevation of the brake shown in
Fig. 50. Like characters of reference designate
like parts in each of the several views.
verse or cross-perforator mechanism |14 shown in ‘
tween either of the rollers 84 in Fig. 24;
Fig. 33 is a side elevation of a mechanism for A
moving the conveyor belt and depositing the
sheets or pages of paper after they have been cut
from the several strips;
Fig. 34 is a perspective view of the conveyor
belt and tray into which the sheets of paper are -
deposited after they have been printed and cut
into the desired pages;
Fig. 35 is a detailed sectional view showing how
a divided shaft is brought into operating engage
ment to function in order to move the conveyor
As shown in Fig. 14 an electric motor I is belted
to a wheel 2, on a shaft 3, carrying a pulley 4,
which in turn is belted to and drives a large
pulley 5 which has a shaft 6 carrying a small
gear 'I which meshes with a large gear B which
drive the main shaft 9. Shaft 9 runs lengthwise
of the machine. Shaft 9 carries four large cams
I0, each having opposite projections II which
engage rollers I2 that are mounted on the bottom
of the four type beds I3, the cams I0 being ar
ranged to rise successively so that only one of
the type beds prints at a time.
As shown in Fig. 15, Fig. 6 and Fig. l, the type
beds I3 are returned to lowered position by the
ber of teeth, preferably numbered 1 to 100, the
view also showing four lugs which engage a lug 55 springs I3a, thereby removing the type from con
tact with the paper, which is against impression
shown in Fig. 37 which moves the long rod shown
plate 23. When the type is in contact with the
in Fig. 33, thereby engaging the two shafts shown
paper which is against the impression plate 23
in that same view and causing the conveyor belt
the type bed I3 moves down only enough to permit
to move;
Fig. 37 is a perspective view showing the means 60 the rollers 3I to pass between the type and im
pression plate. This short movement; enables the
of attachment for the lug which contacts one or
Fig. 36 is a side elevation of the large ratchet
counting` wheel which has a pre-determined num
several lugs shown on the ratchet counting wheel i
press to run at a very high speed. Also this move
illustrated in Fig. 36 and which causes the long
ment enables the ink rollers 3| to pass over and
deposit ink on the type held in type chase I4.
shaft shown in Fig. 33 to move;
Fig. 38 is a small detail perspective view show 65 (Fig. 15).
ing the U-shaped rod at the end of the long shaft
The type on these type beds is mounted in an
shown in Fig. 33 and functioning to engage the
adjustable chase I4. This chase I4 is loosely
seated on the type bed I3. Two opposed L-shaped
gears I 23g and move the belt;
Fig. 39 is an elevational view of the paper sever
v«fingers I6 engage the sides I1 of the chase, and a
ing knife and its automatically actuating mech 70 bolt I8 at one end adjustably engages a re'cess in
the end I9 of the chase. A pin 2| (Fig. 17) ex
anism taken in a plane transverse of the machine
immediately adjacent said knife and knife oper
tends through the frame of the chase at the other
end 22 (shown in Fig. 6) to fasten it to a recess
ating mechanism;
` Fig. 40 is an elevational view showing the gate
mechanism which clamps the paper in stationary 75
20 (Fig. 15) to the bed plate I3.
In Figs. 19, 20, 21 and 22 is a flat metal plate
tw. The ink-conveying roller 3-3 rolls over saidí
shaft 4'1 running lengthwise of the machine. Shaft
plate, the purposel of.` which is to help break up
and thoroughly mik# the ink'.
The impression plate Á‘24 and tympan or makeà
4-1' carries a worm gear 48 (shown. in Fig. 8) at
the head end of the machine. This worm gear
ready or draw sheet 23 are positioned immedi
58 which at the front of the machine carries
a sprocket 5l. A sprocket chain 52 operatively
connects this sprocket wheel 5i with a sprocket
wheel 38 (Fig. 8) on a transverse shaft 53> on
48 meshes with a worm 49 on a transverse shaft
ately" over the type b'ed f3. It is hinged at 25 at
thefronît end to be' swung to reversed position, as
shown in Fig.. 18, Where it is supported by the bar
24d inserted
an opening in the supporting
which is carried a small bevel gear 54.
frame 54 of the machine'.v IThis part of the 10 gear 54 meshes with a bevel gear 55 on stub' shaft
frame 84" which runs along the front part of
58 which also carries- a sprocket 51 (Fig. 2). A
sprocket chain 58 on sprocket 51 operatively con
the machine is shown in Figs. l and 2f. It carries
a- rod 26 with an eyeA on each end hingedly
nects it with a sprocket 5'9 on the main driving
mounted to' the impression plate 23, to hold the
shaft 9 near the head end of the machine.
impression plate 23 in place- to cushion the type
As shown in Figs. 24 and 25, four paper rolls 68,
printing, shown in Fig. 6. The impression plate
6|, 82 and 83, are mounted on the elevated por
23 is fastened in its normal position by two hinged
tion of the framework- 64, over' the machine. (84
refers to the supporting frame in its entirety
bolts 21, and bolts 21a. Bolts 21 and 21a. carry
nuts 28, 28a,l 28o, and 28e, respectively, to sup
whenever used.) Paper strips 85, 85a, 55o and
85o, from paper rolls Gli, 8|, 82 and 63, respec
port the impression' plate 23 in any adjusted posi.- ,
tion over the type bed I3. Rollers 23a (Fig. 15)
on opposite sides of the impression plate 23
facili-tate the travel-lof the paper around the im
pression plate 23. Clamps 23h (Fig. 15) hold the
temporary or make-ready sheet to impression ,»
plate i23. Space I2a (Fig. l5) is a gate for the
passage of paper through the type bed.
Referring to Fig. 6, two spaced bars 29 which
tively, travel to the head of the machine and
thence over four large spaced elevated mechani~
cally driven rollers B6 and four smaller rollers 58a.
Rollers 68 are geared together and turn at the
same speed. The paper that passes over each of
these rollers is engaged by smaller rollers 61
(Figs. 4 and 5), which are mounted on frame 10
carried by transverse rodsI 89, mounted in the
frame 10 that holds the rollers. These trans
function as tracks run along beside each irn
pression plate 2'3. On these tracks 28 bearings 30 u v verse rods 89 have upturned ends 1I, to which
(blocks of metal recessed to engage the bar
springs 12 are attached.- Their function is to hold
tracks) slide. These bearings 33 carry spaced
the small central roller 61 (Fig. 4), which they
carry, in frictional engagement with the strip of
rubber rollers 3| which function as inking rollers.
There is an inking disc 32' just beyond the type
paper that passes over the» rollers 86 directly be
neath, to prevent the paper from slipping. Also
bed and an ihk-conveying' roller 33 which travels
over inkin'g disc I5. This ink-conveying roller 33
the free ends 15 of each of these rods is attached
is carried by rods 34 which are hingedly connected
to flat metal rods 16, so as to release the roller
at 35 to the‘ bearings 30 (Fig. 6‘) of the ñrst
81 and stop the ñow of paper. Thereby slack of
paper beyond these feed rollers may catch up, as
mentioned front inking rollers' 3|. Small spiral
on disengagement of this roller 61 the pull on the
springs 31 (Fig'. 6) on rods 34 cushion the shock
when the ink-conveying roller 33 strikes the ink
paper ceases, and minute adjustment of the paper
made. At the lower ends, the flat metal rods 16
fountain roller 28, which is mounted at the end
(Fig. 3) have a notched recess 18a which can be
of the ink fountain 39 (Fig. 9), for each of the
four sets of type beds. An ink disc 32 at the
latched to frame 64 `and rollers 61 held disen
front ofthe machine, Fig. 6, just in front of the
' gaged from rollers 66 and no paper will be pulled
type bed and in horizontal alignment with it, has
adepending central shaft 4l, carrying a pulley
from rolls 60, 8|, 62 and 63, when press is in
motion. In Fig. 28, the pawl 94 can be held dis
engaged from ratchet 92 by tightening wing nut
94a which will cause rollers 88 and 81 to remain
42', which carries a belt 43 that runs to a corre
spending pulley 44. On the rear of the machine
there' is a- corresponding depending rear shaft 43, .
having other functions.
In' Fig.- 6, the two contiguous inking rollers 3|
r'iin first over inking disc l5, then over the type,
their over the inking disc 32, and then return
in a reciprocal movement. The ink discs rotate
the same direction. The ink conveying roller
33 carries the ink' over about one-third of the ink
disc I5 nearest the ink fountain. Then the ink
ing rollers when the ink has reached the point
motionless while press is in motion. These fea
tures are to permit the paper to remain statiche
ary while the press is in motion in order to get the
type and ink discs properly covered with ink be
fore the press starts to feed paper through the
press. This feature also applies to carbon paper
rolls 228 (Fig. 24)".
The paper strips then pass over' rollers tta
down vertically and are kept taut suflîciently by
compensator or tension bars 11 of U-shape.
shown in: Fig. 23, pick the ink up and carry it to 60 This bar 11 rests on the paper strip, there being
one such bar for each separate strip. The paper
the front ink disc 32, during the period that the
strips then travel upwardly and over spaced roll'
type bed is lowered out of position to be engaged
ers i8 at the head of the machine, thence back
by the rollers.
under the machine, and under rollers 19, then up
Thus the lnk is evenly distributed on the ink
over another roller 8U. Thence the paper strips
disc farthest from the fountain and nearest the
pass in spaced relation over the type and under
fron-t of the machine before it is spread by the
the impression plate 23 that is disposed directly
rollers over the type. rI‘ihe inking rollers 3l hit
above the type for printing whatever is desired
the front disc when it has turned only a little
on the paper. Thence the strips of paper travel»
Ways, as the ink disc turns slowly, so that the ink
is' evenly spread over the disc and consequently 70 over a roller 82 adjacent the impression plate 23,
upward and over other rollers 8d on the upper
over the type.
framework 64 of the machine.
As shown ini» Fig, 6, each of the four rear ink
Thence the paper travels toward the head end
discs l5ha~v`e their shafts 40 extended downwardly
of the machine and other roller 85, and thence
and carry at their lower ends a bevel gear 45 which
meshes with a corresponding bevel gear 46 on a 75 downward and under spaced knurled rollers 881,.;
The rollers are knurled to prevent smearing of
|0, carried by the main shaft 9 operates the type
the ink on the paper. Thence all of the sheets
beds |3 to raise and lower them.
pass in overlying position over pull rollers 81 and
under cooperating top rollers 88. Both of the
tached to a roller |03 (Fig. 1) near the bottom of
rollers 81 and 88 are driven rollers so as to feed Ul
the machine, which roller is loosely mounted, and
The other end of the sprocket chain 98` is at-`4
is on a stub shaft |04 to which a helical spring
|05 is attached. The purpose of the spring is`
A brake |30, consisting of members 295 and
to cause the roller to reverse rotation after it has
295e (see Figs. 50 and 51) on end of shaft 93
been rotated one way by the pull on the sprocket
(Fig. 28), has for its purpose to bring rollers 81
and 88 to a stop when pawl 94 turns said rollers 10 chain caused by the other end 98 of the sprocket
chain being attached to the revolving or crank
to their completed revolutions.
like adjustment member |00d.
As shown in Figs. 40 and 27, the strips of paper,
The two short top feed rollers 88 which press
one over the other, then pass under a clamp
90, which has spaced feet 9|, adjustably mounted
down on the bottom feed roller 81 are held in
in slot 90a of the clamp, to engage the paper and
hold it stationary for a moment while it is being
frictional engagement with the paper passing be
tween said rollers. The top roller 88 is pressed by
heavy springs |06 (Fig. 27) secured to arms |01
cut by the automatically and mechanically driven
shearing knife 89. Knife 89 cuts the paper into
predetermined uniform size sheets. The feeding
which carry the shaft |08 on which these rollers
are mounted. Arms |01 are swingably mounted
rollers 81 and 88 both come to a complete stop 20 to another transverse shaft |09. As shown in
mementarily while the shearing knife 89 is in op
eration. Also the paper is not moving while the
printing operation is being performed.
For example, for every sixteenth of an inch
in circumference of the top and bottom feed roll
ers 88 and 81 heretofore described, there is a
tooth on the ratchet-wheel 92. Ratchet-wheel 92
is mounted at the front of the machine on the
same shaft 93 with the bottom feed roller 81.
The feed rollers 81 and 88 are six inches in cir
cumference. Thus there are ninety-six teeth in
the ratchet wheel 92. For every tooth in the
ratchet-wheel 92 the pawl 94 passes over on its
counter-clockwise movement, ile of an inch of
paper' will be fed by rollers 88 and 81 when pawl
94 engages ratchet wheel 92 on its return clock
wise movement. Y
A spring-actuated pawl 94 engages the ratchet
wheel 92 (Figs. 30 and 28). This pawl 92 is
mounted on a bar 55 that extends to a hub 96, »
Figs. 27 and 28, the springs |08 are connected to
a screw | I0 which has a nut I | | by which the ten
sion of the springs |06 may be increased or de
‘ Referring to Figs. 27, 28, 29 and 31, there is a
perforating wheel 8| which perforates the paper
longitudinally. This wheel (or wheels) is mounted
on an adjustable arm 8|a which is attached to
a collar and arm member ßlb, and is, in'turn,
mounted on a shaft 8|c. Shaft 8|c has a down
turned arm 8|d, as shown in Fig. 29. At the end
of this arm 8|d is an attached spring 8|e. Spring
8|e in turn is attached to the end of a threaded
bolt 8| f which is supported by an eye bolt 8|g.
The function of the arm 8 Id, spring Sie and bolt
8|f, is to maintain the proper tension of the per
forating wheel (wheels) 8| against the paper and
the roller 81, as shown in Figs. 27 and 28.
After the paper is severed into strips of the
desired length by the shearing knife it drops onto
an endless belt | I2 as shown in Fig. 34, which de
the sprocket wheel 91. This loose hub 98 carries
livers the strips or sheets t0 a tray ||3 at the`
a sprocket wheel ‘91, over which extends a
front end of the machine. This endless belt ||2
sprocket chain 98. The chain extends down
is mounted on rollers ||2a. The roller ||2a
wardly and has its forward end attached to an
(Fig. 33) at one end carries a bevel gear lll
adjustable `member |90 (Fig. il) carried by a
meshing with a bevel gear | |5 on a vertical shaft
frame |0| which is mounted on a transverse shaft
H6. Shaft ||6 carries a bevel gear ||6a. Gear
50 on the lower portion of the machine (Fig. 8).
||0a in turn meshes with a bevel gear ||1, on
This frame ||l| has a scale Iûía graduated in
lower divided shafts ||8 and ||8a which extend
16ths of an inch on the upper surface as shown in
horizontally of the machine. Shaft ||8a has a
Fig. 1l. Therefore in order to sever the paper,
bevel gear || 9, meshing'with a bevel gear |20 on
the adjustable member |00 is moved on scale |00a
the transverse shaft 59. Shaft 50 also drives the
to correspond to the length of the sheet that it is
revolving adjustment bar |0|. This device is
desired to be severed by knife 89 shown in Fig. 39.
attached to the sprocket chain 98 that runs over
In order to move the adjustable member |00, it
sprocket wheel 91. Wheel 91 has the arm and
is mounted on stub shaft Iüûe, which is held sta
pawl that actuates the ratchet wheel 92 to move'
tionary at the desired site bythe nut £001), the
the feed rollers 88 and 81 that feed the paper to
nut lßib cn the threaded shaft I0 Ic which passes
the shearing knife 89.
through the stub shaft |00e, is loosened and the 60
Also the machine has a counting mechanism
shaft |0|c is turned. Thereby the adjustable
which includes a large ratchet wheel |23, as
member |00 is moved to the desired setting on the
shown in Figs. 33 and 36, which has 100 teeth, and
scale |00a. The adjustment member |00 has an
with which an actuating pawl |24 is operatively
arm or crank-like member |0041, as shown in
engageable. Pawl |22 merely functions to pre
Figs. 11 and 12, which is attached to the end of the 65 vent a reverse movement of _ratchet |23 when
sprocket chain 98, as shown in Figs. l, 2 and 30,
the lug |231) is in contact with the four lugs |23a
which has been previously described.
on ratchet |23. The ratchet wheel |23 is actu
Bar |0| is mounted on a transverse shaft 59 on
ated by a bar |21. It is capable of adjustment'by
the lower portion of the machine (Fig. 8). This
reason of a slot |28 in bar |21, and a bolt |29
same shaft 50 operates the ink plates l5 and 32 70 engageable in slot |28. Bar |21 (Fig. 36) at its
and the pull rollers 88 and 81. Every time the
inner end carries a roller |3| which `successively
main shaft 9 turns over once the transverse shaft
engages opposite rollers |32. Rollers |32 are
turns over twice. Consequently every time the
mounted on a block |33 that is solidly mounted
on the main shaft 9. Each revolution of the main
main shaft turns over once it causes the printing
mechanism to print twice, as the two point cam 75 shaft 9 causes the large ratchet wheel |23 to
which is loosely mounted on the same shaft with
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