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April 11, 1950
2 5, 0 3 7, 4. 2
J. KANTOR
BOTTLE MIXER SPINNER DRIVE
Filed NOV. 18, 1946
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14777037865 P
Patented Apr. 11,_1950
'
2,503,742
UNITED STATES v. PATENT ‘} OFFICE
James Kantor, Chicago, Ill., assignor to The
Liquid Carbonic Corporation, Chicago, 111., a
corporation of Delaware
Application November 18, 1946, Serial No. 710,679.
3 Claims. (Cl. 259-54)
1
thoroughly mixed.
‘
.1
‘,
rests upon a platform l4 mounted on the end of ,
The present invention relates to improvements
in‘ apparatus for agitating containers of car
bonated beverages, in order that the syrup and
carbonated water within the container may be
2,
a spindle l5.~ rotatably mounted in the base 5.
The opposite end of the spindle l5 carries a fric
tion drive pinion l6.
in
'
‘ For driving this drive pinion, when the bottle
support is in a position to maintain the bottle
in its inverted position, I provide a drive wheel
I‘! having a relatively smooth driving face I8.
riage which is rotated about an axis and during
This
wheel is preferably formed of' cast iron or?
said rotation is caused to oscillate about a hori
like material and this driving wheel is sup-'
zontal axis. During certain periods of this os
ported upon a sleeve 20 surrounding the sleeve
cillation, the container itself is caused to rotate
2.} The sleeve 20 is driven through the medium
at'a fairly rapid rate about its vertical axis. One
of a suitable gear 21' mounted at the upper end
difficulty heretofore experienced in apparatus of
thereof. This gear 2| is driven from a pinion
thischaracter is the provision of an effective drive
for ‘causing the container to operate on its vertical 15 gear 22 mounted on the shaft of the motor 23.
As a result of this arrangement, I am enabled‘
axis at high speed. ,
to rotate the container on its longitudinal axis
It is the object of the present invention to pro
at a high rate of speed. In actual practice, the
vide a friction, drive for effecting the high speed
bottle is rotated at a rate of approximately 1900
rotation of the container on its axis, which shall
be effective in operation and which shall have 20 R. P. M. When the support for the container is in
its inverted position, as illustrated in the draw
the characteristics of long wearing qualities.
ings, the driving pinion makes frictional engage
For the purpose of disclosing the invention, an
ment
with the driving wheel I ‘I and is maintained
embodiment thereof is illustrated in the accom
- In one type of apparatus of this character, it
is customary to support the container on a car
panying drawings, in which:~
,
in this frictional engagement ‘by the weight of
Fig. 1 is a, longitudinal sectional view of so 25 the support which, it will be noted, has a slight
inclination from the vertical, so that the gravity
much of an agitating machine, *as is necessary
maintains the periphery ofthe driving pinion
for ‘illustrating the invention; and "5
I; '
~‘Fig. 2 is a sectional view" of the driving pinion
for rotating the bottle.
In the embodiment of the invention, as illus
trated, the bottle carrying support, of which there
may be a multiplicity, is mounted on a rotating
in'icontact with the driving-wheel l1.
During the rotative movement of the support
for the container, the support is oscillated on the
horizontally disposed pin or shaft ‘I, so that the
container is moved from an upright to an in
verted position. During the inverted position,
the driving pinion IE will be rotated at relatively
sleeve 2 is preferably driven through the medium 35 high speed, due to the difference in the diameter
of the drive wheel I‘! and the pinion wheel It,
of a gear operated from a suitable motor, not
head I carried on a vertically disposed sleeve 2
rotating about a central post or standard 3. This
shown.
At the periphery of the head I a plu
so that the container is rotated on its own verti
cal axis at a relatively high speed. The result
ing action of the combined movements of the
one of which is illustrated in the drawings. This
support consists of a base 5 having an arm 6, 40 container effectually consists of a thorough mix
ing of the syrup and carbonated water contained
which is pivoted on a pin 1 supported in a fork
in the sealed container.
8 secured to the head I. The base is also pro
One great difficulty experienced in effecting a
vided with a laterally extending arm 9 in which
drive to rotate the bottle on its vertical axis is
is mounted a standard It, through which extends
a clamping rod ll having at one extremity a 45 the rapid deterioration of the driving pinion IS.
The drive must be a friction drive, as it would
clamp l2 adapted to engage the top of the bottle
be impossible to provide a gear drive under the
and be mounted in clamping position by a suit
circumstances, and obviously as the container is
able spring, not shown, mounted within the
relatively stationary on its vertical axis, when
standard ID. The lower end of this clamping rod
the rotation thereof is initiated, there is a tend
II is provided with a roller I 3_adapted, under
ency for considerable wear on the driving pinion
suitable conditions and when the support is in
It, as the result of the overcoming of the inertia
position, to maintain the bottle in an upright po
of the container in order to get the same started
sition to engage a cam, not shown, and raise the
to spin rapidly. Furthermore, it is extremely
clamping rod ll against the action of the spring
to release the bottle. The bottom of the bottle 55 desirable to get a quick friction drive between
rality of container supports is mounted, only
2,503,749
4
the driving wheel I‘! and the pinion H3, in order
to obtain the maximum spinning effect during
tion periphery and comprising a solid mass of
polymerized chloroprene having ground cork dis
bursed throughout the mass drivingly connected
with said rotating supporting means, and, a metal
driving wheel disposed beneath the axis of r0
the period in which the bottle or container is in
its inverted position. I have found that a driv
ing pinion formed of a mixture of cork and plastic
material, such for instance as the plastic ma
terial
now
commercially
known
as
tation of the rotary member and having a fric
tion driving periphery, the periphery of said driv
neoprene
which is polymerized chloroprene, will give the
ing wheel engaging the periphery of said driven
most desirable results and by maintaining the
wheel when the oscillating container support is
engaging surface of the driving wheel and the 10 oscillated to an inverted position and maintained
driven pinion lubricated, I am enabled to obtain
in friction driving relation therewith by the
the maximum results in e?ecting the rapid ro
tation of the container on its vertical axis, with a
weight of the support and the container.
3. A beverage mixer including a rotary‘mem
minimum wear on the surface of the driven
pinion It.
her, a container support journaled on said mem
15'
her, to oscillate in a plane transverse to its path
From actual experience, I have found that
of travel, means for supporting a container on
providing a thin ?lm of oil between the driving
a said support to rotate on its longitudinal axis,
surface of the driving wheel I‘! and the pinion
means for rotating said rotating supporting
IS, with the pinion [6 being formed of the cork
means comprising a driven wheel having a fric
neoprene composition, after eight months of op 20 tion periphery and comprising a solid mass of
polymerized chloroprene having ground cork dis
eration under normal operative conditions, the
driving pinion l6 showed only 5/1000 of an inch
bursed throughout the mass and having a fric
wear.
tion driven periphery and drivingly connected
I claim as my invention:
with said rotating supporting member, and a
1. A beverage mixer including a traveling .. metal drive wheel disposed beneath the rotary
member, a container support journaled upon said
member having its axis of rotation co-incident
member to oscillate in a plane transverse to the
with the axis of rotation of the rotary member
path of travel of said member from an upright
and having a friction driving periphery, the pe
to an inverted position, means for supporting a
riphery of said driving wheel engaging the pe
container on said support to rotate on its longi
riphery of said driven wheel when said container
tudinal axis, a driven Wheel drivingly connected
support is oscillated to an inverted position and
with said rotating supporting means comprising
maintained in a friction driving relation there
a wheel having a friction periphery and formed
with by the weight of the support and the con
of a solid mass of polymerized chloroprene hav
tainer and a lubricating ?lm maintained be~
ing ground cork disbursed throughout the mass
tween the engaging surfaces of said drive wheel.
and a driving member for said wheel having a
friction drive periphery engaged by the friction
JAMES KANTOR.
periphery of said wheel when the container sup
REFERENCES CITED
port is in its inverted position and maintained
in said engagement by the weight of the support 40 The following references are of record in the
and the container.
?le of this patent:
2. A beverage mixer including a traveling
UNITED STATES PATENTS
member, a container support journaled upon said
member to oscillate in a plane transverse to its
Number
Name
Date
path of travel, means for supporting a container
on said support to rotate on its longitudinal axis,
means for rotating said rotating supporting
means comprising a driven wheel having a fric-:
856,563
Apple ___________ .. June 11, 1907
1,764,409
2,196,407
Kent et al ________ ..- June 17, 1930
Atkinson ......... _i Apr, 9, 1940
2,290,562
Kantor __________ ....' July -21, 1942
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