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Патент USA US2504940

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April 18, 1950
s. WALLACH
2,504,940 '
TOY LOOM
Filed July 24, 1947
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INVENTOR.‘
SFIMUEL WHLLFICH
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F!’ T TORN E Y6
Patented Apr. 18,: "1950
2,504,940
umrro s'rArss PATENT OFFICE
Samuel wallaclingiilew York, N. Y., assignor to
Walco BeadCo. Inc., New York, N. Y.
Application _ ("y 24, 194?,Serial No. 763,397
'1 Glaims. (Cl. 139-34)
1
be used and any means for keeping the longi
The’invention relates to a toy loom which may
be used for hand weaving, particularly the weav
ing of beaded bands and the like which may be
made into various articles such as belts, bags,
purses and like items. The purpose of the loom
The spacer bar particularly shown is held against
' rotation by the socket It being of irregular shape
and'the ends of the spacer bars being of like
is vto hold longitudinally extending threads in
_
tudinally extending threads T in spaced relation.
spaced relation while threading beads thereon in
The means shown for retaining thelon
gitudinally extending threads T in spaced relation
shape.
may be a plurality of grooves 20 therein into
known manner to form a beaded band or other
product.
which the threads T are received. The spacing
may be any dimension desired, but for ordinary
bead work they would be about 1/16 inch apart.
. It is an object of the invention to construct
a hand loom having a pair of side members or
frames which are identical and therefore requires
merely one die to produce both side frames of
the loom.
The recess l8 preferably is of the same shape as
the spacer bar I 9 which is shown as a half round
bar so that the bar is ?xed against rotation there
j Another object of the invention is to construct 15 in merely by insertion in the socket or recess.
va. loom which is capable of being made into any
desired width merely by using longer or shorter
spacing bars, bolts and spools or one or more
With a bar having grooves only upon one portion
spools.
plished by the sockets. It is not essential that
the spacer bar be of irregular shape in which
case it is not essential that it be ?xed against
rotation. The spacer bar 23 of Figure 4 is not
?xed against rotation and hence the thread spac
ing grooves 24 must take this into account and
pass around the complete circumference. The
'
of the surface thereof it is desirable to have the
bars retained in proper position which is accom
-
Other objects of the invention will be more
‘apparent from the following description when
taken in connection with the accompanying
‘drawing illustrating the preferred construction
of the loom in which:
' Figure 1 is a plan view of the loom with the
‘ends of the longitudinal threads secured to one
‘spool and extending over two spacer bars to an
other spool around which the threads of desired
length are wound. A short section of beads are
25
bar in such case preferably would be circular so
that rotation of the bar would be feasible. The
?xed type of spacer bar however is preferred.
In assembling the loom the spacer bars l9 are
"shown threaded thereon.
v
30 inserted in their respective recess 0r socket l8,
‘ ‘' Figure 2 is a side view of the loom of Figurel.
a roller I5 is placed in alignment with the holes
‘ Figure 3 is an end view of the 100111.
v I
IZ'in the frame and the bolt 13 is projected
Figure 4 is a partial view of the loom showing
through the holes in the frame and the roller and
the nut I4 is threaded upon the bolt. Tighten
a rotatable spacer bar.
The hand loom is constructed of a pair of side do bl. ing of the nut 14 clamps the roller between the
side- frames against rotation and also rigidly
members or frames H] which are identical so
clamps the entire loom together.
‘that only one form is needed andv two thereof
are used in constructing the loom. With the two
A series of longitudinally extending threads T
side frames which are identical a single die may
may then be secured to the roller l5 in any suit
be utilized to mold the side frame or frames of 40 able fashion such as by a thumb-tack 2|, the
suitable molding material such as ‘plastic. Each
number of threads corresponding with the width
side frame has spaced upwardly extending arms
of the beaded or loomed material desired. The
all’ which preferably incline inwardly towards
threads are made long enough for the length of
‘each other. The side frame has a recess or open
material or beaded belt desired and the other ends
ing, shown as a hole l2 through the side frame, 45 are tied to the thumb-tack on the other roller.
through which a bolt l3 extends andviipon which
Each thread is placed in a groove 20 of the spacer
‘is carried a nut H. A roller I5 is mounted upon
bar and the excess length of thread is rolled up
the bolt. The roller forms a spacergjfor main
upon one of the rollers. The nuts H are then
'taining the two side arms in spaced Zrelation as
tightened so that the threads are held taut and
well as a roll upon which longitudinally extend 50 the frame is locked or clamped together rigidly.
ing threads or a ?nished bead band may be
The beads are then threaded upon the longi
wound.
tudinally extending threads in known manner
At the upper end of each arm It is a spacer
until the length between the spacer bars l9, I9
is ?lled, whereupon the nuts M are unloosened
bar recess or socket [8 which receives the end
_ of a spacer bar I 9. Any form of spacer bar may to and one spool is wound up to wind the beaded
2,504,940
4
material thereon and the other spool is unwound
to provide additional longitudinally extending
threads for continuing the weaving or head
looming.
The invention is presented to ?ll a need for
improvements in a loom. It is understood that
various modi?cations in structure, as well as
changes in mode of operation, assembly and
spaced relation, a spool mounted at each end of
the loom with its ends engaging the side frames
and spaced from the spacer bars, and means to
clamp the side frames together against the ends
of the spools in spaced relation.
5. A, hand or bead loom comprising a pair of
separate side frames, each side frame having a
pair of spaced upwardly extending arms, a socket
in? each? arm, ‘each side .=-frame" bein'gtlla‘i duplicate
manner of use; may and‘oftenfdo occurto those
skilled in thev art, especially after biene?tting-from" 10 oil-the other‘side frame, af'pair of spacer‘bars each
having one end inserted within a socket in one arm
the teachings of an invention. Hence, it will be
understood that this disclosure is illustrative of?" ' of one side frame and the other end inserted in
a_~socket in an arm of the other side frame, an
preferred means of embodying the inventionlini
opening at each end of each side frame, a bolt
useful form by explaining the construction,
- 1-5 'extendingiltlirough the-openings at each end of the
operation and advantages thereof-i
’ f. pair of’sideif‘rames and spaced from the spacer
What is claimed is:
1. A hand or bead loom upon» whichrlongitu-y bars, and a spoolmounted upon each bolt and
between‘ the side vframes whereby the bolts clamp
dinally extending threads are carried comprising
thesi-sp'ools‘ against rotation and secure the side
a pair of separate side frames, each sideifranfe-v
having a pair of spaced upwardly extending 20 frames together in spaced relation.
arms,’ a socket'in each arm, each side frame being
a duplicate of theother side frame, a-pair' of
spacer bars each having one end insertedwithin'
’ 6:; Ahand or beadiloom uponwhichlonigitu
dinally; extending threads are carried comprising
a pair- of side frames,>each side frame having'ia.
pair of spaced} upwardly extending arms, a socket
a/ socket in one'arm of one side frame andthe
other‘ endinserted in a socket in an arm of the 25 in-each arm of non-circular shape, each side franie
other side frame, means at each end of the loom
engaging the side frames to secure the longitu
dinally-extending threads, and means spaced from
the spacer bars to clamp the side frames together
being, a duplicate of the other side frame, a pair
of spacer bars having ends conforming insh‘ape
with the socketand each having one end inserted
within a socket in one arm of one side frame arid
in spaced relation against the spacer bars and 30' the other end. inserted in- a socket in ari arid-of
the other side frame, spacing grooves- in‘ each
thelthread securing means.
spacer bar upon one side thereof, means at "each
2. A hand or bead loom‘ upon which longitudi
end , ofthe- loom- engaging the side earnest;
nally extending threads ‘are’ carried comprisinga
secure the longitudinally extending threads‘, and
pair of separate side’ frames, each‘ side‘ frame
having a- pair ‘of spaced upwardly extending arms; 35 means-spacedfromathe spacer bars to clamp the
side frames; together in spaced'relation against
a-socket in each arm, each side frame being'ia'
the spacer bars and. thread securingv means.‘
duplicate of the‘other side frame, a pair of spacer
bars each having one end inserted within a
socket in one arm of one side frame and: the other
end inserted in a socket in‘ an arm of theother 40
7, VA hand. or headloomupon which longitu
dinally extending threads are carried comprising
aqpair. of separate-side frames, each side frame
having. a pair of spaced upwardly extending arms,
side frame, means carried‘ by each spacer-"bar: to
asocketin each arm of non-circular shape, each
retain the longitudinally extending threads in
side frame being a duplicate of'th'e other side
spaced relation, a spool mounted at each end of
frame, a pair of spacer bars having ends conform‘;
the: loom and spaced‘ from the spacer bar, and
means to clamp the spools against rotation-and 45 ing in- shape with the socket and each havln'gone
end inserted within a socket in one arm- of one
secure the side frames together in spaced rela-v
side frame and the other end inserted in a socket
tion.
in an- arm of the other side frame; spacing
3/.’ A hand or head loom comprising- a pair of
grooves in each» spacer bar upon one side of the
separate side frames, each side frame having a
pairiof spaced upwardly extending arms, asocket 50 bar, a spool mounted at each end of the loom and
spaced. from the spacer bars, and’ means- to
in each- arm, each side‘ frame being'a‘dupiicate
clamp'the spools against rotation and secure-the
of the other side frame, a pair of spacer bars each
having one endinserted within a socket‘ in'one
arm of one side frame- and’ the other end inserted
inia‘socket in-ran arm of. the other-side frame, a
spool2 mounted at each end of- the-loom, andmeans
side frames together in spaced relation,
to clamp the spools ‘against-rotationand-secure
the-side v'fravrries together in spaced relation.
. The-following- references are of record-‘in: the
file of- this patent:
SAMUEL WALLACH. I
REFERENCES- CITED
4.-_A hand 01- bead loom-upon which longitudi
nally extending threads are‘ carried comprising-‘a 60
pai-rof separateside frames, each side-frame-hav
inga pair of spaced upwardly extendingarms, a
UNITED > STATES PATENTS"
Number
758,376
socketein eacharm, each side frame being adu
760,919
plicate of the other side frame, a pair of spacer
869,892
bars each having one end inserted within asocket (i5 2,043,(l82
in‘ one arm of one side frame and. the otherend
, 2,098,449
inserted in a- socket in an arm of. the :other side
frame, means: carried by. each spacer»v baratorw re‘
tain the - ; longitudinally extending.- threads: in
, 2,350,167
Name .
Date r
Mees~_-_<_~_i_"ennui-Apr. 26, 1904
P0018 _
1.- -May 24,1904
Gay __»_~_____r_--__-_-i.___ Nov. 5, 1907
Wallach __________ n-June 2, 1936
Churchill __.___s__->__- Nov. 9,193?
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