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June 6, 1950
2510,435
E. J. TOMAN _
VEGETABLE AND FRUIT SLICER
Filed Feb. 9, ‘1948
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
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J.mTmMN n‘
June 6, 1950
'
E. 4. TOMAN
2,510,435
VEGETABLE AND FRUIT SLICER
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
Filed Feb. _9, 1948
o/ ’/ ,
I /”
‘I I I
Edward J. Taman
-
JNVENTOR.
BY 214405;”.
June 6, 1950
V
E. J. TOMAN
2,510,435
VEGETABLE AND FRUIT SLICER
Filed Feb. 9, 1948
3 Sheets-Sheet 5
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60
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66‘
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44
42
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2,510,435
l’atented June 6, Vl950
_:2;510,43..5
I E GETABI’IE .TAND FRIilTiSEIQER
.lEdwardJ
San Bernardino, Calif.
Application Eelirnary 9, 1:94a1seria1megm27
a
i
chines,.and more particularly to aslicerforivege
tables :and‘fruits.
"
2
struetion, ~eombination and arrangement {Of ele
ments and fpertio'ns as will ‘be "hereinafter de
‘ ‘This ‘invention relates generally to‘slicing ma
seribed ‘in‘the’speci?oation, ~partiqrilar-1y pointed
out in- thejappended claims‘,earideillustratedinithe
'
' ‘In’ “food slicers developed ‘ heretofore,v ‘themate
accompanying drawings which 1form (a material
rial‘is-usuallyied to either'reciprocating-or‘rotary :
Qal't?f‘ thisrappliqationmnjd ‘\inavhioh :
'fF‘iguI’e *1 fis-"a three dimensional-Mow (‘of the
knives ‘from ' ‘one's'ide ‘thereof and-"the slices ‘of
material are 'iallowed"to"'fall*fromthe-‘other side
o'f‘the cutting-element.’ ‘Inthe'instant?nvention
therun'slice'd materialis‘ fed-througha 'gaulgefplate
assembled islieer ;
with‘veinsto- carry the ~material therewith while
facilitate-the‘illustration of ‘theygenerail arrange
allowing the material toimove eccentrically'a-nd
Figure
View~of'fthisdriventienflargely in
top plan, ibritldshowingd-the :cone and portions of
"Figure-“2 » is falfvrtont rend elevational ‘view of *the
into ‘a "rapidly revolving "-‘ho'l-l-ow cone equipped 10 slicer» with the front ‘end cover plate removed; to
toward 'the=base of'lt-he'cone, and a pair ‘of rotary
slicer ~discs are'ymounteddn ' spaced vcoplanar re
lationship “with-the :axes vthereof ~para‘1lelito “the
ment O'f'fthE-QLB’IHBBBS'Qf‘thlS invention;
'
15 the casing in horizonta'hseétion, - while the v‘feed
axis ‘ofitheirevol-ving “cone.- "The ‘ con?guration of
therga-uge-iplate and€the dimensioning of thevarig
chute is=~represented ‘in-‘?ash-‘line ;‘
Figure 94 véis ‘Ja- longitudinal 3vertical sectional
view; “With-‘portions some °bearings and~the~feed
ous‘elemerits ~is~such*that’-the material carried‘ by
chute being showniinside elevation;
the revolving cone is’eventuallyreversed’in its
direction of ‘movement
-broug‘ht "into eri 20 I'Fig-ure ‘5 i is >_a ‘three dimensional {view of l the
hollow ‘:f-eeder “cone and'the" drive shaft therefor ;
gagement with ‘=th'e rotary slicer / discs -~from\ the
' i‘Figure'ii is wher‘izontalseetional view, ides-igned
sides -thereof “remote "from the gauge ‘plate
through i which ‘the material originally entered,
and positioning @ofI'the-gauge "plate relativeeto‘the
discs allows *the thieknessof vthe‘isliees to -''be
varied.
*With “the above-brief description of this-‘in
vention émmind, {the *primary ‘object -of-' this» in
ventionewil-libe-understood *toibeithe ‘provision/of
ra'uslioer ~=which1can ‘be -used ‘to slice material such 30
arse-vegetables; andefruits —at)a-Jvery‘*high- rate v~of
speedlsohthatrthe sliceri'is partieularlygwelleadapt
editor susevin ieommeroial*establishments‘such‘as
cameriesiandrtheelike.
'
:Another =obj eoteof ~~this linvention is~to~ provide
aiefoodeslicerl whiohwanibeimanufacturediinlsmall
ensizessfor .domestic use.
'
-
to show particularly the-structure making 'the
gaugelplateaiijustableftheviewebeing taken sub
stantiatly Jon ‘the irregular- section ‘line =6—‘-5- in
Figure‘?pandfportionseof the-supporting-webs and
theg-augeplateheingshown in-plan;~'and
=~Figure ‘37 ea vertical-sectional iview,=1tal§en on
avplane ine1ud<ing1the1lineéli'llinhli'igure??.
-:'Si'milar~charaoters of reference designate-‘simi
la-r _-or*identiealeelements=and~~portions through
out-‘the-spedi?ezttion-end throughoutthe “several
views of the drawings.
"-'Referring §nowJitoL1the drawings JinIdetaiL-it is
proposed‘inwtliisiii/rrventionitoeprovide ali-rame of
suitable #éharaotér avhie-himayelinelude laepa-ir -0f
channeM-rons‘ii 0,~*a eem‘plemeniteo‘f ‘suitable cross
:iStilL anothere obj eetr ofithiseinventiomis itospro
braees-tilaand -a'>'~tres'tle ill. 'fElectryimmotors P6
the?uniformityiofiithe actual slicing operation-sis
snppo?s aLpaireof-{bearings \2j2pqne or 'both ‘of
and 4 Bare ---mounted @riponJ v'tl-rivframe, the ;motor
vide a slicer operating upon a novel principlerim
plemented in isuch ‘a -manner~fthat jamming-of 40 t8 ihein'g epreferablyeadjustahly =mounted on - =the
trestle 4! 4 “as "iind-ieatedeat $20. ‘The Jframe -~also
thesslioer
practically made »‘--im-possi~ble, while
greatem=than~that : achievediby"otheri?slicing ema
which qnay ebe wf v-»‘-t~l7iri11-st #bear-ing ~' type, and -t~he
drive-shaft i?'of * the eeleetricemotor 11146-315 --jou'r-'
~
what will ‘{be ’ con
:Anothertobjeet: of this :inventionlis ‘:to provide 45 nalledin <these=bearings
chines;
I a Islieer i which has relatively Y' 'few I "moving; parts,
which
:easilywmaintained :and serviced and
whichdseasilyecleaned.
.F,Md;a?31aS45 object to=~be~mentioned~speciz?cal1y
sidered ithe efron‘t ~ end of :the drive -=sha‘ft >24 ‘a
suitable; arborarnemberez? -‘is~~used to-mount the
hollow ‘substantially 'eoniealieeder ‘cone J28, "as
best indicated1~in>‘Figures~"3{and{4. "This-‘coneihas
isz'etoprov-ide ,a- ssliceriwhichl is relatively =inex-pen-. 50 aneattaohmentlibosslr‘ii-? and-what‘willibe termed
theIibaSe‘Q-Z-of'the cone revolves with-inian aper
siveand-practicable to manufacture, whioh‘lis ‘safe
ture Jin‘ the everti'eal erearava‘ll [~34 of ‘fthe “easing
:simpleito use,‘ and :whi'chv will give general-1y
orgshieldi?. "\lIn‘ithisoonneetionwit emayghereibe
e?cientéandaiurablesservice.
-
With these objects de?nitely iniview; this-Pin
x'ention 'nesidesain oertain-novelifeaturesiohcon
noted that this shield 36 has a removable vipariel
38- which‘: is?illustrated as-rein€?orcedewith --angle
2,510,435
irons 40 and hinged to the main body portion of
the shield by means of a hinge pin 42 slidably
supported in brackets 44 on the panel. It may
also be here noted that the shield 36 is open at
the bottom as indicated at 46.
The cone 28 has a plurality of vanes 48 secured
to the inner surface thereof by integral ?anges
50 and bolts 52, the purpose of these vanes being
made clear hereinafter. A pair of slicer discs 54
4
construction and proportionment of the elements
of this invention without departure from the
spirit and scope of this invention, which scope
should be determined only by a proper interpre
tation of the terminology used in the subjoined
claims.
Having thus described the invention, what is
claimed as new is:
1. A slicer comprising a base, slicing discs ro
are mounted on short shafts 56 which are, in 10 tatively mounted in spaced co-planar relation
turn, journalled in elongated bearings 58 sup
ship transversely of said base, a hollow feeder
ported on a transverse plate member 60 of the
cone rotatively mounted on said base with the
frame, whereby these slicer discs are held in
axis of rotation of the cone parallel to and be
co-planar relationship and spaced apart so that
tween the axes of rotation of said slicer discs,
portions 62 of the discs extend within the periph 15 the base of said cone extending over adjacent
ery of the said base.
portions of said discs, a gauge plate mounted
A gauge plate 64 is adjustably mounted on a
transversely on said base for adjustment longi
horizontal supporting plate 65 which is bolted to
tudinally thereof and on the side of said por
the transverse plate member 60, as indicated at
tions remote from said cone, said gauge plate
66. The gauge plate 64 is apertured centrally 20 having a central aperture, a feed chute leading
and is provided with a neck 68 and web members
into said aperture, and power means to rotate
10 which will ordinarily be integral with the
said discs and said cone.
vertical portion of the gauge plate and with the
2. A slicer comprising a base, slicing discs rol
base ?ange 12 whereby the gauge plate is ad
tatively mounted in spaced co-planar relation
justably mounted on the plate 65. It will be 25 ship transversely of said base, a hollow feeder
noted that the ?ange member 12 is apertured as
cone rotatively mounted on said base with the
at 14 to receive a cam 16 carried on a short shaft
axis of rotation of the cone parallel to and be-__
18 terminating at its upper end in the knob 80
tween the axes of rotation of said slicer discs,
and secured by a washer and nut 82 for manual
rotation so that the cam 16 will urge the gauge
the base of said cone extending over adjacent
portions of said discs, a guage plate mounted
transversely on said base for adjustment longi
plate toward and away from the portions 62 of
the rotary discs 54. An index member or hand
84 may be carried by the knob 80 or shaft 18,
cooperating with a graduated scale 86 on the
upper surface of the ?ange member 12, so that
the positioning of the gauge plate is clearly in
dicated to the operator of the machine.
The neck 68 of the gauge plate has secured
thereto as at 86 the lower end of a feeder chute
88, and the panel 38 is apertured as at 90 to re
ceive a portion of the feeder chute. The feeder
tudinally thereof and on the side of said por-_
tions remote fromsaid cone, said gauge plate
having a central aperture, a feed chute leading
into said aperture, and power means to rotate
said discs and said cone, said gauge plate being
arcuately recessed on each side, and said discs
having said ?rst mentioned adjacent portions
registering within said recesses.
3. A slicer comprising a base, slicing discs ro
tatively mounted in spaced co-planar relation-_
ship transversely of said base, a hollow feeder
chute and the gauge plate move as a unit when
adjustment of the gauge plate is made. It is
cone rotatively mounted on said base with the
axis of rotation of the cone parallel to and be
tween the axes of rotation of said slicer discs,
the base of said cone extending over adjacent
portions of said discs, a gauge plate mounted
very important to note that the gauge plate 64
is laterally recessed at 92 to clear the discs 54,
and a pair of laterally disposed clamping bolts
94 are used to clamp the gauge plate in position
after adjustment has been made by the knob 80,
transversely on said base for adjustment l0ngi-_
and a pair of lateral guide rails 96 are secured
tudinally thereof and on the side of said por
to the sides of the plate 64 to retain the gauge 50 tions remote from said cone, said gauge plate
plate in proper alignment when the clamping
having a central aperture, a feed chute leading
bolts 94 are released as during an adjustment of
into
said aperture, and power means to rotate
the gauge plate.
said discs and said cone, said gauge plate being
The operation of this invention will be clearly
arcuately recessed on each side, and said discs
understood from the foregoing description of the
having said ?rst mentioned adjacent portions
mechanical details thereof, taken in connection 55 registering withinsaid recesses, said cone having
with the above recitation of the objects sought
vanes secured internally thereon to prevent ma
to be achieved by this invention. Vegetables or
terial from rotational movement relative to said
fruit, generally indicated by the numeral 98 in
Figure 4, will be fed through the feeder chute 60
4. A slicer comprising a base, slicing discs rota
88 and through the gauge plate 64 for passage
tively mounted in spaced co-planar relationship
between the rotary discs 54 into the rotating
transversely of said base, a hollow feeder cone
feeder cone 28. The material illustrated at 98
rotatively mounted on said base with the axis
will then be carried outwardly by centrifugal ac
of rotation of the cone parallel to and between the
cone.
tion and will be reversed or moved toward the
'
65 axes of rotation of said slicer discs, the base of
discs 54, sliding along the vanes 48 and out
wardly along the inclined surfaces of the said
cone, until contact is made with the side of the
gauge plate 64 adjacent to the discs 54. Ob
viously, this construction allows for accurate ad 70
justment, large capacity and extremely expedi
tious processing of fruits and vegetables and the
like and the objects recited above are amply
achieved.
Minor variations may be made in the exact 75
said cone extending over adjacent portions. of
said discs, a gauge plate mounted transversely
on said base for adjustment longitudinally there;
of and on the side of said portions remote from
said cone, said gauge plate having a central aper
ture, a feed chute leading into said aperture,
power means to rotate said discs and said cone,
and a shield covering said slicer discs'and having
an open bottom.
5. A continuous feed slicer including a pair
2,510,435
5
of spaced co-planar revolving slicer discs, a gauge
plate on one side of said discs and laterally re
cessed to register with edge portions of the discs,
said gauge plate having a central aperture, a
feeder chute leading into said aperture from the
side of the gauge plate remote from the cone, a
revolving hollow cone having its base opening
on the other side of said discs and adjacent said
portions whereby a continuous stream of hetero
morphic material to be sliced is directed through 10
said chute and aperture into said cone, said discs
and gauge plate being substantially co-planar
and together covering the base of said hollow
cone.
its base opening on the other side of said disc
adjacent said portion, whereby a continuous
stream of heteromorphic material to be sliced is
directed through said chute and aperture into
said cone, and vanes on the interior surface of
said cone to carry said material therewith, said
vanes having co-planar edge portions adjacent
said gauge plate, said disc and gauge plate being
substantially co-planar and together covering
the base of said hollow cone.
EDWARD J. TOMAN.
REFERENCES CITED
The following references are of record in the
6. A continuous feed slicer including a revolv 15 ?le of this patent:
ing slicer disc, a gauge plate on one side of said
UNITED STATES PATENTS
disc and laterally recessed to register with an
Number
Name
Date
edge portion of the disc, said gauge plate having
1,229,918
an aperture, a feeder chute leading into said
2,024,353
aperture from the side of the gauge plate remote 20 2,377,443
'from the cone, a revolving hollow cone having
Dye ____________ __ June 12, 1917
Goodman, Jr. ____ __ Dec. 1'7, 1935
Pallmami ________ __ June 5, 1945
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