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June 13, 1950
’ 2,511,020
Filed Dec. 13, 1947
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June 13, 1950
Filed Dec. 13, 1947
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June 13, 1950
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June 13, 1950
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Patented June 13, \1950
Glenn E. Stilwell, Riverside, Calif., assignor to
Food Machinery andChemical Corporation,
San Jose, Calif., a corporation of Delaware
Application December 13, 1947, Serial No. 791,600
9 Claims. (Cl. 1—10)
This invention relates to box making machines
and is particularly useful in the making of can
taloupe crates.
Each head of a cantaloupe crate is fabricated
of double nail chucks are provided along opposite
sides of the machine and nails selectively fed to
the inner and outer divisions of said chucks in
successive nailing operations to accomplish the
from a pair of posts, a pair of rails, and a cross
panel, the posts‘ having a triangular cross sec
proper spacing of the rows of nails from the
center of the machine.
These double chucks are relatively expensive
tion, to eliminate the sharp corners which the
to build and it is a yet further object of the
posts would otherwise present to the cantaloupes
present invention to accomplish with single
and which would damage the cantaloupes.
It is an object of the invention to provide an 10 chucks the function for which said. double chucks
are provided in the ACC machine.
improved machine for making cantaloupe crates.
The manner of accomplishing the foregoing
The box making machine shown in U. S. Let
objects as well as further objects and advan
ters Patent to H. E. Twomley, No. 1,978,613, is
tages will be made manifest in the following
sued October 30, 1934, is known commercially
as an “ACC” machine. It represents a conver 15 description taken in connection with the accom
panying drawings in which:
sion of what is commercially known as an AC‘
Fig. 1 is a front elevational view of a preferred
machine to adapt this, by the addition thereto
embodiment of the invention with portions there
of‘ certain attachments, for the making of can
of broken away to disclose hidden elements of
taloupe crates.
While the ACC machine has given satisfaction 20 the structure.
in its service as a cantaloupe crate maker, there
are many owners of AC‘ machines who would like
to adapt them to the making of cantaloupe crates
without converting the machine permanently in
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view at an en
larged scale taken on the line 2—2 of Fig.1.
Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional detail view at an
enlarged scale taken on the line ;~3—3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal sectional view at an en
to an ACC machine and without going to the 25
larged scale taken on the line éi-Il of Fig. 1.
considerable cost involved in making such a con
Fig. 5 ‘is a horizontal sectional View on the
same scale as Fig. 4. and taken on the line 5-~5
It is another objector the present invention
of Fig. 1.
therefore, to provide a set of attachments by
Fig. 6 is a vertical sectional view at an en
which an AC box making machine may be con 30
larged scale taken on the line 6—6 of Fig. 2 and
verted relatively inexpensively into a cantaloupe
illustrating one of the nail chucks and punches
crate maker.
of the invention.
Still another object of the invention is to pro
Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken on the
vide a relatively simple semi-automatic multiple
35 line 'l—'l of Fig. 6.
drive crate maker.
Fig. 8 is a plan view of Fig. 7.
In the making of cantaloupe crates, the nails
Fig. 9 is an enlarged detail vertical sectional
by which the side slats are nailed to the posts
view taken. on the line 9—9 of Fig. 2 and show
of the crate
are driven along lines at the
ing thepost and rail supporting anvil mechanism.
opposite ends of the crate, which lines are spaced
Fig. 10 is an’ enlarged vertical sectional‘ View
inwardly from the lines along which the nails 40
taken on the line ll3—lc of Fig. 5.
are driven in nailing the bottom slats to the lower
Fig. 11 is a plan view of Fig. ll) partly broken
rails of the crate heads. Provision must be made,
away to disclose the manner in which the clamp
therefore, in a nailing machine for making can
arms of the invention are adjusted into parallel
taloupe crates or the like, for driving. the nails
at the opposite ends of the machine, in succes 45 relation.
Fig. 12 is, a fragmentary diagrammatic eleva
sive nailing operations, in the making of a crate,
tional view of the left?hand box guide taken on
along lines spaced different distances laterally
the line l2--i2 of Fig. 15 and With a crate head
from the center of the‘ machine.
resting on said guide during the operation of
It is a further object of the‘ invention to pro
vide in a crate making machine, a. novel mecha~ 50 nailing the ?rst side of the crate.
Fig». 13 is a view similar to Fig. 12 taken on the
nism for'causing rows of nails driven in multiples
line lS-ltl of Fig. 24 and illustrating the cor
at’opposite' ends of the crate to be spaced dif
responding situation existing during the nailing
ferently frOm the center of the machine in suc
of the second side onto the crate.
ceseive nailing operations.
Fig. 14 is an enlarged detail sectional view
In the ACC' machine above referred to, banks 56
taken on the line l4—l4 of Figs. 5 and 15 and
by a chain 56 to a clutch 51 mounted on a
illustrates one of the slat spacers of the inven
shaft (not shown) having a pinion (not shown)
Fig. 15 is a diagrammatic fragmentary front
elevational view of the invention illustrating the
relative positions of the principal working parts
shaft 59 which journals in bearings 46. When
the clutch 51 is thrown in by depressing a foot
pedal 68, the crank shaft 59 is rotated for a single
thereof at the commencing of the making of a
crate and with two crate heads and the slats
The shaft 59 has a crank 61 on the opposite
which meshes with a master gear 58 on a crank
end thereof from said master gear, pitmans 62
of the ?rst side in the positions in which these
10 being pivotally connected to said crank and said
are placed manually in the machine.
master gear so as to be reciprocated by each
Fig. 16 is an enlarged View of the chuck shift
rotation of the shaft 59.
ing mechanism as shown in Fig. 15.
Also mounted on the shaft 59 are chuck lift
Fig. 17 is a view similar to Fig. 15 and illus
ing cams 53 which are aligned with rollers 65 on
trates the nailing of the slats of the ?rst side
onto the crate heads with the chucks resting 15 rockers 65 ?xed on a shaft 65 which journals
in bearings 41. Extending upwardly from rockers
against the slats and with the chuck index arm
rocked into a position of readiness to shift the
65 are links 61'.
The functions of links 67 will
be made clear hereinafter.
chuck banks outwardly when the chucks rise.
The nailing mechanism 33 includes a rectangu
Fig. 18 is an enlarged view of the chuck shift
ing mechanism as shown in Fig. 17.
20 lar driver head 12 having studs 13 which extend
outwardly through and slide in the slide ways 4| .
Fig. 19 is a view similar to Fig. 16 and illus
Pitmans 62 have spring cushion units ‘ill at their
trates the next step in the nailing of the slats
upper ends which pivotally connect with the studs
of the initial sides onto the crate in which the
13. Slideable in vertical holes provided in op
chucks have lifted, thus actuating the chuck in
dex arm to shift the two banks of chucks out 25 posite ends of the head 12 are guide shafts 15
on the upper ends of which is mounted a nail tube
wardly, this view showing, as it rises, the nail
support 1'6 and the lower end of which is se
driver head in full lines, and in broken lines as
cured to a rectangular chuck mounting frame 11‘.
it reaches its position of rest.
The support ‘It has a series of holes into which
Fig. 20 is an enlarged view of the chuck shift~
ing mechanism as it appears in Fig. 19.
30 are secured the upper ends of ?exible nail tubes
18. A suitable nail feed mechanism (not shown)
Fig. 21 is a view similar to Fig. 19 and illus
is mounted on the rear frame tie 38 so as to
trates the appearance of the work and parts of
deliver nails to each of the tubes 18 at the con
the machine at the commencing of the nailing
clusion of each nailing operation. Fixed on the
of the bottom on the crate.
Fig. 22 is a view similar to Fig. 21 and shows 35 tie 38 is a clamp 19, the purpose of which will
the chucks and nail driver head in their lower
most positions during the nailing of the bottom
onto the crate and showing the rocking of the
chuck indexing arm into a position of readi
ness to cause the chuck banks to be shifted in
wardly upon the lifting of the chucks as this nail
ing operation is completed.
Fig. 23 is an enlarged view of the chuck shift
ing mechanism as this appears in Fig. 22.
Fig. 24 is a view similar to Fig. 22 and illus
trates the appearance of the work in the ma
be made clear hereinafter.
Extending across the space inside the driver
head 12 are a pair of driver bars 84, opposite
ends of which have clamps M by which these
40 bars are secured to the driver head 12. Provided
along the bottom of each of the bars {it are bayo
net slots 85 in which punch racks 8'! are mounted
so as to be freely slideably laterally in said slots.
Each punch rack 81 has an L-shaped slot 88
45 into which the upper ends of three nail punches
39, shaped to ?t said slot, are slid in the as
sembly of the machine.
chine at the commencing of the nailing of the
Referring now to Figs. 4, 6, and '7, the rectangu
slats of the second side onto the crate.
lar chuck mounting frame Ti has slides 95! which
Fig. 25 is an enlarged view of the chuck shift
ing mechanism as this appears in Fig. 24.
50 extend outwardly through the slide ways 4| and
guide the frame '11 vertically. Supported by
Fig. 26 is a perspective view of one end of the
clamps 9! within the frame ‘H is a. rectangular
cantaloupe crate for the manufacture of which
adapter 92 having front and rear bars 553. Jour
the invention is particularly adapted, and shows
naled centrally in bearing holes in said bars is
how the lines of nails securing the bottom slats
to the rails are spaced outwardly from the lines 55 a chuck shifting shaft 26 having ?xed thereto
of nails securing the side slats to the posts.
a hand grip 91, a ratchet 98, cams 9t, and spac
Referring specifically to the drawings, the pre
ing collars Hill. Freely rotatable on this shaft,
adjacent the ratchet 98, is a chuck index arm 191
ferred embodiment of the invention illustrated
having a dog H12, spring-loaded for engagement
therein comprises a box making machine 30
which includes a frame 31, a drive mechanism 60 with the ratchet 98 and pivotally connected at
its opposite end to the lower end of an actuat
32, a nailing mechanism 33, and a work sup
porting and aligning mechanism 34.
ing rod i533, the upper end of which extends
through a hole in the clamp 19 and is adjust
The frame includes a base 35, side standards
ably secured therein by collars I834. The ratchet
36, a front top cross tie 31, a rear top cross tie
38, a front work table cross tie 39, and a rear 65 98 has teeth I E15 and the cams 99 have two lobes
I96 spaced 180° apart.
work table cross tie 40.
Slideable on the bars 93 are two banks Hll of
The standards 36 have slide ways 4!. They
also have brackets 42 and 43 extending rear
chucks HI, these chucks being secured to bars
wardly therefrom (see Figs. 2 and 5), these
I I2 which are separated by slots 1 l3 and between
brackets having bearings 44 and 45. Standards 70 which cap screws ill! extend to adjustably and
36 also provide bearings 46 and 47. Also pro
rigidly position the chucks on these bars. Op
vided on the base 35 is a short motor standard
posite ends of the bars H2 are welded to col
48 having a bearing 49 and a motor platform 50.
lars H5 which extend into openings H6 in clevis
The drive mechanism 32 includes a motor 55
slide blocks H1 and are pivotally connected
mounted on the platform 50 which is connected 75 therewith by bolts H8. Each slide block 111 also
has. an opening- at -! 9:‘ which; slideablyi embracesan :
a;._shor-t; expansion‘spring; I 6 IV being trappedtbe- .
adjacent bar 93.
twee ‘the-bracket stand this collar.’
Weldedrto ~.each»v blocks! til; is; a pusher = bar; .1 20,
each such .barbeing.adjustably-securcdto a simi—:
lar: “flat :bar 522‘:
cap. iscrewsp l22cpassing<
Fixedonythelopposite send. or"_ the shaft ' i 59 is ~
a-dagggen carpi-‘follower block ‘ 562, adagger- cam _
l 563 being secured to ‘the driverpheadl ‘i2 .andexr
tending downwardly between the bracl’letil'2v and
blochltthwithlthe dagger face ofthe camin con-1
through slots in the latter and screwed‘ into 5111111..
able tapped holes inv the ban .l 20;.»
Welded toitheinner end. of each of v.the :bar-s
tact withrthislblocki
Mounted-on shafts ., see and lltiliare outside
H'Zl .1 is - a slide‘; block ‘J 23: whichslideably; embraces
.clampfarmsciridand E55,. Eachof-thesearms is
adjacent bar sfiand islheldlvin.thisrelation by, a
strap. 121i; l=screwedirtol .this block; and :resting...
?zgedby boltsiiiii and-56?. onto-a block 138 which .
ishboredgtolreceive theshai-ts lda-andleg. (see.
against-the- outer'v. f ace rot-1 this bar.‘ 93;: Pivotally I.
mounted- iwithinzeach "block 1;!23,‘ on. the adja'e
centend of. the bar are. seas.» to lie between this
bar-t-andt'adjacent bar. 93, is- arcam. responsive
roller-E25 whichisdisposed. in contact with one.
"screw H53 which rigidly ?xesnthisblock on the.
of-the cams. “demand responsive thereto. as these 1
iasa setescrewhlld :whiohwigidly ?xesrthis .
block onithe shaft Hi9;v 'l‘hustheclamp armltt .'
Thebiocl; M53 :of-the-clamparm i555 has a set
ft, ., l ?agand
block . ~ i iii} of the . clamp. varm
cams areturnedby-rotation of the shaftr96.x_
is-.-stationaryandithetclamp arm llilivis shiftable»
Secured to the ‘middle. of each'chuck bank ! H3 "
byoneoi» the cap screws i MH-is a .clip ,i?;.6.;.<~oppo 20 with. the. shaft may/"hen. this. slides .longitudi-..
nally :Iin ;' the - bearings .45.’
site ends‘ of acoiled spring-Ml being connected.
Each of7
"clamp, arms. .ltill wand-‘5G5 is pro
to these clips so that the tensionofthis spring
videdavith alsetscrewni ll which adjust-ably bears pulls‘the chuck banks inwardly to ho1d"-the.~,rol1
agaii tihebloohitii of this arm to determine
ers -l 25 snugly against the earns‘. 99;.
Each of the-chucks lt'i; is;designed;-.initheonréia. 25 the.‘ rotary position .of. this arm- about the bolt
55% which extends through. neat holesinthese
clamp armsi-l
The. bolts. .lli'l, however, extend through lug
‘fore providedv with .three ,gnail channe1s.,.l ii?vwith:
fer-red‘ embodiment disclosed; to. deliver‘ . these,
nails during each :nailingoperation and there-.- .
eachof which one of the tubes» ‘it connects and;
holesain; ,the ..clamp i arms; .1 Eli. {and ~ l 5.5. .so‘ as to
springmunits .l‘lt. .
into each of which ‘punchvim; extendsfor the. 30.. allowsu?jcient play :to adjust. these. clamp arms
into. true. parallelism {before-tightening. the bolts driving of a nail N-downwardly therefrom .during;
lt‘l, .to rigidly. rnite these arms .with‘their. respecw
each‘ ‘nailing operation.
tiye. blocks . 5 ?Ci-y
Applied to the middle.- of .the. backside of the:
Each clamp arm lee-and.
has a vertically
rectangular frame. it. is a clamuii? havingian;
apertured- base. i 3% throughawhichga .rodd it '_ ex»... 35 yieldable, shoohnusher . M2,: the uppermost .po
sitionotwhich is: determined by.,,bolts silt and.
tends, this being. retained. in. place by.- a collar
which. in, upward position by
£321 and ‘having anotherlcollar. 53:3; for tra-ppinga
under tensionbetween this cola.
Weld don the inner
of. .th clampqarms»
lar and the clamp base A36;
.iti?are cellars
ineach of which is
40 the,
work right
and left-handbox
I and. aligning,head
adiustably?xeda head stop
the latter. com»
prising a. red forming a right-angledbend. As
i3?‘- and 138 each of whieh'is made of’,on;
may beseen inlTig. 5,_thestops_ mil; are in‘vertical
alignment with thestops. “it. provided on the box
to have/la downwardly .inclinedguideg lip lit-dialed?
an outwardly inclined guide. liplé?- .
made .clear hereinafter.
guides ggland lee...
Relieving, Figs, 1,. 2, 5, and; 1d,.slat
Weldedto the bottom-of. each .of theijguidesgi 311'
and ltéie isa
the upper. endsvof rods iiife Which-extend dew-n1
andextend forwardly, into
machine to support
.slatsplacedin the machine manually
havingslugs Milt, the vpurpose; of iwhi hgy
spacers 58! are mountedonthe ?xed. shaft 558.
wardly- throughsleeves IQEQ‘KXVl'liCh' extend be‘, 50" in, propennositions fortheseslats to. be mailed
to" crate heads pt?vioiislyplacedin the machine
tween ities Strand lithe justiinside-th
manually. There are two of these slat spacers,
through holes in~cross-..straps “iii-{dishes
each of them havingla spacer bracket H82 in
diately above and beneath", these.‘ ties,, these.
sleeves being held-‘rigidly in» place .by nuts;
cluding-a . clam p g! 83-, , the strap . E M. of which pro
vides..a :nivotal..mountingiorgthe ‘rear end of a
screwed ontothe . upper and lower endsi-ofxsaid: 55 ' spaeerarm ! d5. .
Each rod let‘ has. a set:collar. M8: disposedjust
This. armhas dogs I88 adiustably fixedthereon
at intervals along?its.lengthhthese dogs forming
beneath the collar Hi2 andaawguide.supporting
stoios,.for_,slats S, placed‘ thereagainst and resting
springlxillis coiled=about~the rod between-‘this
onlthearms we
collar and the upper nut Mist The upward limit
Bracket ,582 also includes a strap member 88*!
of. movement of the rods leiainresponse‘to the,
which; extends downwardly from the clamp Hi3,
springs ilttiyis fixed by set collars iliil'provided'
horizontally, and thenupwardly to terminate in
onthe rods tidy-‘just beneath thelower of~the>
a slotted upper end are ‘through which the arm
nuts ill‘l.
Each of ‘these guides 53] and =l38~has a rear
head stop’ 65! which is af?xed to the guide bywa‘
bolt E52 ‘extending througha slot inmtheguide
50 as. to have adjustment;lengthwise, ofwthe,
E85 extends so aslto be ‘guided thereby. A clevis
headed vbolt see is pivoted ‘to the arm I85
andextends. downwardly. through a suitable hole
in-‘the-strap EM; A pin lei through this bolt
trapsas‘nring .l 52. between this pin and the strap
70. Hill: to yieldahly. supportthe arm Hit in an up
ward‘position,v which is determined by a nut H33
by set screws lblisa shaft llit and
onlthe lower extending end ofthe bolt illih
The . work. ‘Supporting and aligning mechanism
ing- through bearings 135. land. slideable- therein ;is;_
35;. alscyincludes. right .andile-ft anvil devices» I 95v
av shaftv 659.» Fixedon an; extending ,endiot the
and mtawhicn are reverse duplicates .oioeach:
Shaft :1 59;» beyond. theibrackehéhesia‘collard 6a,;
other. Each of these has a U-shaped bracket
I9‘I with a pedestal I98 which rests upon the ties
39 and 40 and is secured thereto by bolts I99 which
rails R. The bottom and each side of the crate
is made of three slats S.
The side slats are nailed onto corresponding
pairs of posts of the two heads and the bottom
slats are nailed onto a corresponding pair of rails
of the two heads.
As above pointed out, and as clearly shown in
Fig. 26, the nails driven through the ends of
slats S in securing these to rails R. to form a crate
extend vertically through the pedestal I98, ties
39 and 40, and the strap 200.
Each bracket I9‘I has lugs 201 and 202 in which
is journaled a shaft 293 having ?xed thereto, on
opposite sides of the lug 202, a collar 204 and an
arm 295. Also ?xed on the shaft 203 between said
lugs is an anvil support 206 including a pair of
arms 20? unnited at their upper ends by a post
anvil bearing 208. Welded to the inner faces of
of the arms 201 are tubular sockets 299 in which
bottom are nearer the ends of the slats than are
the nails which are driven through these slats
into the side posts of the crate to form the crate
sides. This is necessary because the posts and
rails overlap each other and the entire mass of
T-shaped box head loading guides 2I0 are adjust
15 the posts is disposed inwardly from the inner
ably ?xed by set screws 2I I.
faces of the rails. Thus to drive nails through
Rotatably resting in the bearing 208 is a semi
the side slats into the posts, these nails must lie
cylindrical post anvil 2I2 having post gripping
in a plane that lies inwardly from the inner sur
teeth 2I3 rising from a flat face 2I4 thereof. The
face of the rails and this plane must therefore be
bearing 208 has a slot 2I5 through which a cap
screw 2I6 extends to screw into a tapped hole in 20 a different plane from that in which the nails are
driven through the bottom slats into the bottom
the anvil 2I2. This screw also extends through
rails of the crate heads.
a washer 2I‘I and a :coiled spring 2l8, the latter
The crate heads H are prefabricated before
holding the anvil 2I2 seated in the bearing 208
starting to make a crate and slats and heads are
while the slot 2I5 permits a slight degree of rota
tion of this anvil in this bearing to adjust the 25 stacked near the machine to make these con
vem'ently accessible to the operator. At the start
anvil to variations in the work.
of the operation, the machine appears to the
Pivoted on the shaft 203 is the hub 225 of a rail
operator as shown in Fig. 1 with the motor run
anvil support 226, the latter having slots 22‘!
through which bolts 229 extend to adjustably
secure to the support 226 a rail anvil 229. Welded
to the inner face of the support 226 is a tapped
jack sleeve 230 containing a jack screw 23L the
ning, and the nail feeding mechanism supplied
with nails. The operator then manually inserts
two heads H and three slats S in the machine
as shown in Fig. 15 with the heads resting on
lugs I4I of the guides I31 and lit! and pushed
head of which rests against and supports the
backwardly into contact with stops 555i and I89,
lower edge of the anvil 229.
Welded to the upper ends of each of the sup 35 the slats being distributed on the slat spacers
I8I against the dogs I96 as shown in Fig. 14.
ports 226 is a strap 232, opposite ends of which
overlie the arms 20‘! and are apertured for screws
At this time, the cams 99 are turned with their
233 to extend therethrough and screw into tapped
lobes I06 positioned as shown in Fig. 16, which
holes in said arms. Springs 234 are coiled about
permits the banks ! IQ of the chucks to be held in
said screws between the heads thereof and strap 40 their inwardmost positions by the spring :27.
232 to yieldably hold the rail anvil 229 outwardly,
It is to be noted that the shock flushers :72
as shown in Fig. 9.
extend 'above the slats S resting on the slat
Pivotally connected at their opposite ends to the
spacers I 8| so that the slats S are disposed en
tirely between these ?ushers.
arms 295 and to a clevis 240, provided on the lower
The operator now steps upon the pedal 60
end of the rod I3I, are links 2M. Stop screws 45
242 provided in brackets I9‘! limit the inward
swinging of anvil supports 206.
The chuck mounting frame TI is provided at its
opposite ends with bifurcated lugs 243 which ex
tend downwardly therefrom and pivotally con
nect with the upper ends of links 6‘! (see Fig. 1).
causing a single revolution of the shaft 59, giv
ing a single vertical reciprocation to the pitmans
62 and the driver head ‘I2, to which the upper
ends of these pitmans connect. During the initial
50 part of this rotation of the shaft 59, the cams
63 turn from beneath the rollers 54 so that these
cams offer no support through the links 91 to the
chuck mounting frame 17. The latter frame
To start making crates with the machine 30,
thereupon becomes supported through the shafts
the motor 55 is energized thereby rotating the 55 ‘I5 and nuts 260 provided thereon, by the head ‘12,
shell of the clutch 5‘! continually so that all that is
and continues to be supported thereby in this
necessary to cause a single revolution of the shaft
59 is to tromp on the foot pedal 60.
manner until the chucks HI come to rest on the
work as shown in Fig. 17.
This occurs before the driver head 72 has com
The nail feeding mechanism (not shown) is also
operated by the motor 55 so that at the conclusion 60 pleted its downward movement which therefore
continues until this head arrives in the broken
of each nailing operation, a nail is fed down
line position in which it is shown in Fig. 17. The
wardly to each of the chuck nail channels I28
punches 89, being thus extended downwardly
through one of the tubes ‘I8.
through the chucks I I I, drive nails N from these
One end of the speci?c crate which the dis
chucks into the work.
closed embodiment is designed to make is shown
As the chuck mounting frame ‘ll thus moves
in perspective in Fig. 26, this crate being desig
downwardly, and before the chucks come to rest
nated by the letter C. This crate is made up of
on the work, the downward movement of this
two identical heads H, the perimeter of each of
frame is transmitted through the rod it! and
which is formed by nailing together two rails R
70 links 2!“ to the arms 205, thereby rocking the
which have a rectangular cross section and two
shafts 203 and swinging the anvil supports 295
posts P which have a triangular cross section.
outwardly until the post anvils 252 are brought
Each head is completed by nailing a panel 250 on
snugly into supporting relation with the upper
the posts P between the rails R, this panel being of
posts of the crate heads H as shown in Fig. 17.
thinner material and somewhat wider than the 75 In this movement of the anvil supports 296, the
rail anvils 22% contact the panels 25s of the chat?
anvil supports. its the 'railaenlstii
.r '15 .R {M11911 9?
heads before the post anvils :Zli cheese the upper
‘posts, thereby shifting the crate heads outwardly
against the flushers ‘ll? on the clamp arms i5}?
and the. These ?ushers have
brought closer together by mcveme
to the clamp arm the by the 10
dagger cam
j‘ k
rail some ,
rostarrlls. 2!? 'y
the rails oitlie crate heads and shif t.
as the driver head
downwardly. This dagger cam accomplishes this
shifting of the clamparm lite iby wede'ine‘ the 19
block 1.62 outwardly to make room for the dagger
cam to move downwardly
this as shown
in Fig.,17.
It is to be noted in Figs. 17 and if; that mone
insomniac. the ‘bottom to the crate the nail
anv-ils sup or-t ‘A v ' ‘while ‘the post -_anvi_l_s
ment of the chuck frame Ill‘ downward .tothe l5 ;.,.;
he qrataheads.outwardly
position in which it is shown in ‘Fig. 17, produces
a clock-wise rotation of the chuck index arm i'ilil
so that the ratchet dog
rides ,over one of the
teeth m5 of the ratchet fit.
of the
the shaft
5%, thehalf
the rollers
revo» "
E43 and rockers E5, and this movement trans.
:mi'tted through the links t'l .to the ch, vk mount
ing frame
causing this frame to rise incloseljy
spaced relation with the driver head 752 (as shown 25 movies M ore... of hesams 99 1011i amusement
with the rollers E25 and alloz
in Fig. 15%) until the chuck mountln frame 'fifl
reaches its normal uppermost position, aiiter
which, the driver head ‘i2 continues upwardly
into its normal upward position where
‘at the conclusion of the single revolution of the .30
thesrsie- Fis- sbpwsths worlsafster mine
shaf t
turned another £0? and the slats. :ier
As the chuck mountingframe 37"? rises, the-sta
tionary attachment of the upper end .of the rod
its to the ‘frame tie member to‘ causes the/chuck
index arm .i?i to be ‘rocked back to its initial
., c of a revolution sothatthe $5211.15 $1.9. wil'lihare
position, as shown in Fig. 2.0, but, in doing this,
been mined 1,89” sincethe stsrrnaof the making
‘the dog i832 turns the ratchet 5% and the cams
se one-sixth of a revolution so that vthe lobes
of these cams are disposed in alignment with
and in contact with the rollers 151%, thus sepa- 40
rating these ‘rollers and shifting the chuck banks
-i W into theirrmaxirnum spacedrelation-as shown
in Fig. 19, in readiness for nailing a bottom-onto
‘the create C.
.Qf the states will have the same appearance
es,ml‘ 1.6.
Thus. them inssoieachsbqttom.on ‘shoebox
-,c.auses the .b .s l [0 of chucks to .beshifted ii to
their minimum spaced relation and these banks
remain in this relation curing the two renewing
smiling operations in the ?rst .of Y
rich the ,sece
The work, comprising the ‘two heads $1 and 415 .Qnd .sidaispailed ontothe crate havinsthis bot.
tcmand in the second of which the first side is
the ?rst side which wasnailed thereto inthe nail
mailed ontothepext succeedinacratabeine made
ing operation just described, is now freed from
inthe macbi @539
compression between the clamp arms icy-the das
while but a. single embodiment .of the inven
ger cam let having returned ‘to its upwardmost
position shown in Fig. l and is also freed from 150 tion is shown and described-herein, it is _to;be
understood thatmanvmodi?cat .nsmay beimade
pressure from the anvil devices by ‘the rod Altai
moving upwardly with the chuck mounting
frame ll so as to swing the anvil supports “2635
inwardly as these are shown in Figs. 1 and 19.
Thus freed, the work is ‘readily turned manually
to the position in which it is shown in ‘Fig. ‘21
with the ?rst side facing the operator and with
the bottom rails of the crate heads disposed up~
Wardly for nailing the crate bottom thereto.
To accomplish this, three slats__S are manually -60
placed in the machine on the slat spacers iiiil in
the same manner as was done in preparation for
nailing on the ?rst side, abovedescribed. (Jwing
to the chuck banks now being shifted apart-into
in this without departing >from the spirit of the
invention or the sweep)? the appended claims.
;1- .Inacratemakinsmachine, thecomhination
of: means for supporting crate elements iinjase
sembled relation;v two banks of nail holding
chucksdisposedialongopposite endsof :the .work,
means.afor.driving nails from said chucks fornail
ingsides and ,a bottom vontocrate.ends in aseries
ofnailing operations; and. a mechanismactivated
by saidnail driving means forspacing saidvbanks
of chucks a t given distance apart when-a side :is
being .nailed . onto . said - crate, and a1differentldis~
their maximum spaced relation, they are prop 65 :tance apart ‘when a lbottorin :is “being nailed
erly located for nailing the three slats just
2. In a crate making machine, the combination
placed in the machine to the bottom rails R of
of: means for supporting in assembled relation
the crate heads.
elements used in making a crate; a nailing mech
This nailing operation is accomplished in the
same manner as was that heretofore described 70 anism including two banks of nail chucks and
punches, one of which banks is disposed over each
for nailing the ?rst side onto the crate heads.
end of the work; means for actuating said nailing
Fig. 22 illustrates this operation of nailing a
mechanism to drive rows of nails simultaneously
bottom onto the crate at the moment when the
from all of said chucks into said work, said nails
driver head 12 is in its downwardmost position.
Here it is shown that with the outward swinging 7 91 appearing in two lines along opposite ends of
said work to secure a side or a bottom to a pair of
ing operation; and drive means causing said
crate heads; and means responsive to a given
operation of said nailing mechanism to cause
relative movement between said two banks to
?usher means to clamp the work and said anvil
means to be shifted into clamping and support
ing relation with said uppermost post or rails,
space said banks a different distance in the next
and causing said nailing means to perform a
nailing operation as aforesaid, all in timed rela
tion, and then returning said mechanisms to
their inactive positions in which said work is
tion of : means for holding crate heads and side
free to be turned into the proper position for
and bottom elements in assembled relation there 10 performing the next nailing operation thereon.
with for nailing said elements to said heads in
6. A combination as in claim 5 in which said
three successive nailing operations in which the
nailing mechanism includes two banks of chucks
and punches, each of which is disposed along
?rst side, the bottom, and the second side are
nailed to said heads in the order named; a nail
one of the opposite ends of the work; and means
ing mechanism including two banks of chucks 15 operable by said drive mechanism during a given
and punches, one of which banks is disposed
nailing operation to cause relative movement be
along each end of the work; and means respon
tween said banks of chucks to cause these banks
to be spaced apart a different distance in a suc
sive to the nailing of said ?rst side to said ends
ceeding nailing operation.
to di?erently space said banks apart for the next
succeeding nailing operation in which said bot
7. A combination as in claim 5 in which said
anvil means includes a pair of U-shaped brackets
tom is nailed to said heads, and responsive to said
laying on their sides, supports pivoted on up
bottom nailing operation to di?erently space said
wardly disposed portions of said brackets, and
banks for the nailing of said second side to said
post and rail anvils on upper portions of said
heads, said bank spacing means being unaffected
by said third nailing operation to change the 25 supports; and means actuated by said drive means
succeeding nailing operation than they were
spaced in said given nailing operation.
3. In a crate making machine, the combina
spacing of said banks.
for rocking said supports to bring said anvils
into supporting relation with said posts or rails.
4. In a crate making machine, the combina
8. A combination as in claim 5 in which said
tion of: means for holding crate heads and side
anvil means comprise half-round bars with semi
and bottom elements in assembled relation there
with for nailing said elements to said heads in 80 cylindrioal faces and approximately ?at post
three successive nailing operations in which the
gripping faces, bearings for rotatably supporting
said bars to accommodate said anti-friction faces
?rst side, the bottom, and the second side are
to ?at angular faces of said posts, shiftable bear
nailed to said heads in the order named; a nail
ing supports and rail anvils yieldably mounted
ing mechanism including two banks of chucks
and punches, one of which banks is disposed 85 on said supports, said post anvils engaging a pair
of rails, when the latter is uppermost, to hold
along each end of the work; and means respon
said crate heads against said ?usher means when
sive to the nailing of said ?rst side to said ends
said rails are supported by said rail anvils during
to differently space said banks apart for the next
a nailing operation, said rail anvils yielding,
succeeding nailing operation in which said bot
tom is nailed to said heads, and responsive to 40 however, when in engagement with said box heads
when a pair of posts are uppermost to permit said
said bottom nailing operation to differently space
post anvils to come into close supporting relation
said banks for the nailing of said second side to
with said posts.
said heads, said bank spacing means being un
affected by saidthird nailing operation to change
9. In a semi-automatic crate making machine,
the spacing of said banks, said bank spacing 45 the combination of: shiftable anvil means for
alternately moving from within the work into
means being set by said third nailing operation
supporting relation with a pair of bevelled posts
in the making of said box so as to repeat its
and with a pair of rectangular rails of prefabri
performance as aforesaid during the next suc
ceeding series of nailing operations in the mak
cated crate heads; external flushing means;
ing of a second box.
50 means for nailing slats onto said heads;
and power means 'to actuate the aforesaid three
5. In a machine for making crates, the heads
means in timed relation to shift said anvil means
of which are assembled to include posts and rails
into one of said supporting relations, to nail a
forming the perimeters thereof, the combination
side or bottom on said heads, to return said three
of: external ?usher means for clamping said
heads and side and bottom elements in proper 55 means to neutral retracted positions, and then
to automatically stop.
assembled relation for nailing these together and
for determining the proper spacing of said heads
to produce a box of a given length; anvil means
disposed within the work and shiftable laterally
into supporting relation with an uppermost pair 60 The following references are of record in the
of posts or rails, depending upon whether a side
?le of this patent:
or a bottom is being nailed onto said heads; a
nailing mechanism for driving nails simultane
ously through opposite ends of a side or a bot
Parker ___________ __ Oct. 31, 1911
tom into said heads to nail an entire side or an 85 1,007,234
entire bottom onto said heads in a single nail
Certi?cate of Correction
- Patent No. 2,511,020 .‘
June,1y3_,l 1950
{1*‘It'is hereby certi?ed that error appears in the printed speci?cation of the above
numbered patent requiring correction as follows:
Column 10, line 61, for the word “activated” read actuated; column 12,
line 32,
for “anti-friction” read post gripping;
and that the said Letters Patent ‘should be read as corrected above, so that; the same
may conform to the record of the case in-the PatentO?ice.
f ‘Signed and sealed this :17th day of October, A. D. 1950.
Assistant O'ommz'ssz'oner of Patents.
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