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Патент USA US2502150

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March 2s,v 195o
2,502,149 `
A. W. HAGEMAN
RAILWAY SWITCH
v "s- sheets-sheet 1
Filed Oct. 26, 1945
J2 56
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./7 INVENToR.
BY
.
@am www.
March 28, 1950 A»
2,502,149
’ A.' w. HAGEMAN
RAILWAYÍ SWITCH
Filed oct.
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
26. 1945 . " l
INVENToR.
J7- yL/Ha‘ye m a n
BY
`
v
Wam-¿Tél l' (n
Fffys.
2,502,149
3
4|, the arcuate ring segments 42, 43 and the web
portion 44 for resting upon the insulated plate
I6. A straight rail portion 45 extends upwardly
4
having its central portion guided by the bridge
from the web portions, together with an inner
I3 and having its ends extended upwardly
through holes 61 in the plates I0, I6 and insu
lation I5, with the upper terminals turned to
frog point 46 and the short rail portions 41, 48
which respectively form parts of the track for
ward one another and engaged in the parts 30,
40. This illustrated engagement is at the frog
right-hand and left-hand turnouts. The rail
portions 45 and 4l provide switch points for
side of the axis, so that the eiîect of the spring
is to cause the switch point ends of rail portions
“through” and right-hand turnout, respectively.
31, 45 to move into engagement with the rails
These short rail portions are also connected to 10 2 I, 20.
the segments 42, 43 to stiffen the assembly.
A slot ‘I0 in base plate I0 underlies a wider slot
This part 40 is also illustrated as being in one
'Il in the insulated plate |6 and the sheet |5. A
piece, formed by molding a plastic.
switch link 'I2 has an upturned end 'i3 positioned
Where the switch is constructed for toy trains
between the parts 30, 40. The other end 'I4 of
having large drive gears adjacent the wheels, as
the link is secured to the switch actuating slide
shown by dotted lines in Fig. 2 the short rail
75. The washer 'I6 nts the end ‘I3 and holds it
portions may be cut away at the guard-rail sides,
above the plate |0.
‘
to allow free passage, as shown in the figures.
The switch actuator and lock acts upon the
When made for toy trains, the distance be
switch link 14. In the illustrated form, the parts
tween the tops of the rails and the top oi the
are within a housing B0 having the three electric
plate l0 should be equal to the height of
switch levers 8|, 82, 83 on its top, and a slot 84
normal track rails 20, 2|; and hence the inter
through which extends the actuator 85 for man
ñtting of the web portions oi parts 30, 40 per
ually actuating the switch. The housing 80 is
mits a minimum total height with a maximum
positioned on the plate I0, and the latter is di
thickness of the web portions. To this end, the
mensioned and arranged so that the housing is
slots 35, 36 represent cutting away the webs in
cleared by a passing train. The illustrated form
part 30, and openings 49 occur through the part
of plate I0 permits additional like switch units
40.
to be connected at the ends of the tracks formed
When the parts 30, 40 are fitted together (Fig.
by the rail stubs, with clearance between the
2) the web portions lie in the same plane so 30 switch parts themselves, and clearance by the
that the upper surfaces thereof define the bot
trains.
toms of grooves provided to receive the wheel
With the illustrated parts, the switch can be
ilanges, and the tops of the rail portions likewise
lie in a plane and serve to receive the wheel
moved selectively to any of its three positionsA
either by mechanical movement of the actuator
treads.
85 by hand, or by electric means.
In the illustrated form, with a central third
rail, the third rail 50 at the approach to the
movement the slider 'I5 which has a slot 86 in
switch is extended by a bar 5| which is con
its top (Figs. 10 and l1) into which the lower
nected electrically and mechanically by a. post
52 and screw 53- to the insulated plate I6 (Figs.
1 and 2) , this bar 5| thus overlying the web 34
of part 30 ‘but terminating short of the path of
train wheels which are making either turnout;
with lateral insulation 5|s to prevent contact by
the metal train wheels or auxiliary electrical
equipment as the train is making a turn out.
The stubs 54, 55 at the turnouts are extended
by bars 56 which curve toward the rails 20, 2|
so that their ends are closer in the horizontal
plane to the end of bar y5| for decreasing the
gap; the bars 56 have their tops curved or bev
eled downward at the free end to give a smooth
sliding surface for the collector brushes; and
the bars 58 are connected by similar posts 52 and
Within this housing 80 is mounted for sliding
end of actuator 85 extends. The slider has a
lateral extension 8l having a hole 88 in which
loosely nts the unlocking lever 89, and also hav
ing the down-turned skirt 90 with the locking
lug 9| which cooperates with the locking piece
92 fastened to the top of the plate I0, and hav
ing end notches 93.
The coupling rocker 94 is pivoted adjacent its
lower end to a ñange 95 turned up from the
plate I0 and to the piece 92. Its sides have ñve
openings 96 each, the center opening of each
set being covered by a green light-ñlter, and the
two end openings of each being covered by a
red light-ñlter: these openings being selectively
revealed in three openings 91 in each side of
the housing 80 as the rocker is in one of its end
screws 53 to the plate I6. The stub 5l of the 55 positions or in its center position. The actuator
“through” track likewise is extended by a bar
85 ñts closely in a hole in the rocker: while the
unlocking lever 89 is received in a slot 99.
58 similarly connected by a post 52 Vand screw
53. When the structure is provided for trains
For electrical actuation, a tube |00 supports
having a single collecting brush, or with two
three axially spaced coils |0|, |02, |03 and guides
brushes spaced a lesser distance than the gap 60 the iron solenoid core |05 which is rigidly con
nected by threaded brass rod |06 to the actuator
between bars l5| and 58, a metal contact rail
85: the core can be adjusted along the rod so
portion 60 is carried by the part 40: the part 30
that when the core is drawn within the central
carries at a point outside of wheel tread or ñange
energized coil |02, the actuator is in a prede
contact, an insulated connector spring having
one arm 6I to engage the bar 60 and a second 65
termined corresponding position.
Electrically,
one terminal of each coil is connected to ground,
arm 52 to engage the rail portion 58 when the
parts 30, 40 are in position for “straight-throug ”
that is, to the plate |0. The other terminal of
passage of a train, whereby the rail portion 60
each coil is connected to a selected one of the
switches 8|, 82, B3, and thence by conductor |94
is energized, and it will be noted that if either
part 30 or 40 is in position for a turnout, the con 70 to the insulated plate I6. When remote control
is desired, the conductors |08, |09, ||0 can be
nector spring opens the connection so that por
carried to a panel having switches ßla, 82a, 83a,
tion 60 is not energized, and hence this portion
and thence by a conductor |04a to the general
60 does not cause short-circuiting upon passage
conductor which leads to the central third rail,
of the train for a turnout.
Beneath the plate |0 ‘is a spiral coil spring 65 i' in the illustrated form.
5
d
The-unlockingß-Iever- 89îii's connected‘at-fits'llower
th‘e‘-actuatorûäìtheélink 12,1 andÁthe-’lugfâil are
spacedifromone-»another in‘aidirection transverse
end; below thesextension“ 81', to a slidîïngf'lii'ter
having'curls» at: its- endsand operating`~ against
[email protected] I I6.`> 'I‘l-'iisf-carn-` I |6 i’s«-fiXed’1to«-«plate
|0`=and has a ñat‘ftop'shorterhthan the span-be
tween> the curled ends of‘lthel lifter» ||‘5‘=,- and
tothe sliderfmovement; soY `that aS minor» spring
ing or bending is produced-ß
the-flink 12'ï'in2a
horizontal plane i and - of ‘the’ actuator `iläiwherehy
to assurer thatfthe lug-’19 I 'will 'engage Aits lnotch `93
and that any lcosenessl at the switch points is
curves; leading from theflat top, (Figa- I2‘-‘I4)`=.
taken up. The end "'1'3' 'of fthe- linkf pushes part’ 40
When lifter \ | |5 -is` 4in the' end» positions i [email protected] Figs.
inca clockwise direction ab'out'the »pivot axis- 29,
13 and 14, tne extension 81 is lowered, and* the 10 therebywithdrawing switch pointy 45 from‘rail
20'~andï;movingswitch point 41 into engagement
locking» lugv 9| ' engages oneA of» the- notches - 93;
while-iin the -- centered' position-of ' lifter'fl I5 t (Figi
With'the rail'portion 31'Á of part"30: simultane
129“ the-~~ extension B'I-f is raised; so‘thattheilug
ously the part 40 also moves rail portion‘46fun-til
clear of ' the» locking piece-92’.
it is alined with rail stub 22, and moves third rail
An- electric ' lamp -bulb- |50-Y isf supported* from
portion60 out of‘contact with the lenergizing Acon
theeplate I l)v and ‘within` the rocker “ 94f= i or- illumi#y
nectorf‘springcarm 6|;> Thisfis done"A against; the
mating-the ñlters` 96=opposite~theî holes»91'. This
acctionvof-'spira'l spring‘65. The openings 96 show
bulb may'beiconnected electrically asshown in
“red'-red'-green”*‘ through‘the housing 80, indi#
Fig; 1041
‘
cating‘thattherightehand turnout'is set; The
Theì operations of operating and locking the
lug il'I'fengages-they notch 93; andihol'ds4 thetrack
having sloping end surfacesfshowm as" convex>
trac-k? switch are as follows:
It«I will "be assu-med that‘ they` mechanical -parts
are in position for passage- of a trainfalong the
partsr against vreturn movement ' when the ‘supply
of" energy- to the actuator: by'hand» or-l bythe
selected » coil |03 ceases.l
central set> of rails.> That is, the parts 30, 40
IfI it‘isinow desired toreset the track switch
havethe switch pointsl31,” 45 'engaged’with rails 25 forf“central” passage'the `actuator 85 is pushed
2|; 20,1 and 'they switch points 38,` 41‘ correspond
backs toward-the center, either'manua'lly orby
ingly withdrawntoward the centeryasshown >in
closing switch 82v or switch 82a. The rocker 94'is
Figs 1. The parts are held in this positionl by
immediately moved; but the actuator 85'has~an
th‘eaction ofthe >spiral spring 65 upontheparts
initial free movement-'in the slot -86 of'slider 15':
30;.40; and byA the-1 engagementY of‘thezend curls. 30 the ~ rockerfmoves lever ^ 89 so that the* left ' end l‘of
offthe‘lifter |I5'Lwith the ends-oiîfcam'piece IIGá
the-liften I I5’ pivots‘on‘the >cam piece I I6 and
‘IT-he:Y actuator 85' is f near- the‘center> of slot'- 84.,A
raises the extension 81 and releasesthe-lugî9|
and the rockerk 94 is in central position. Theffrod
from its vlocking'notch93~ The action- of spring
|09’ positions» core |95V within coil* |02.i The
651and~of the‘actuator- now moves thev part 40
openings » 9.6i- and their ñ-ltersf cause -“reel-green
ba'ck'again; until Switchpoint 45 engages rail 20
red” to show4 at- thev housing` openings 91'; thus
and Switchpoint-‘41 is clear; and the vrail portion
indicating that “central” 1passageî i's‘-- ready.
45`also`passes to alinement‘with the stub 24 and
If? it istl desired- to,` effect :turnoutv toward - thev
contact rail 6|)v encounters spring arm 6| ' and
right, the. actuator. 85` is moved towardithef-right
becomes energized. The coil |02 has been mov
in1slot84y (Figs. 1 and 10), either‘by hand‘on by 40 ingfthe core |05“»’toward`the left, thus activating
closingfaswitch 83‘or 83a so that thecorrespondf»
the actuatorßä> andthe yrocker 94 initially; and
ing coil |03 is energized to draw the-corev |05
the combined action ofthe spring 85 and the core
toward. the; right. During they first part of the
|05 cause the resetting of the switch points
movementv of the'actuator` 85, it movesffreelysi'n
together with a movement of the slider v15' so that
the*v slot 8810i the slider 15S and does-'not` move the
trackA switch>` link‘ 12: but"at1-its.upper' end?, it
causes af positive movementY of4 the unlocking
rocker94 .clockwise in Fig.ì 10. This phase of `free
' movement of the rocker 94.-` continues‘essentially
until the end wall oiv itsslotr 99 engages-the 'upper
end of the unlockinglever 89; shortly‘b'efore v«which
eventi-the actuator 85 also comesztof- the end of
theislot 86 `in the-slider `-|5`-a~nd moves` this :slider
and. its; extension: 8.1‘v towardi4 the right.y There“
after;v` for»v ashort transita the uppen and-i lower
ends; ofy the. unlocking* lever 89S- are' both=being
pushed toward the4 right'mig. 12)?1 at‘f‘the; same
linear rate. The rightehand ‘endf ofthe lifter "I I5
._- the lever»- 99 isvcarriedtofthe- position of Fig'. 12‘.v
The rockerA openings 96' show “red-green-redî’
again.
If'it vlne-desired to prepare aloft-hand turnout,
the actuator 85 is moved to its left-hand limiting
position either manually or by closing switches 8|
or -fßla'to' energizecoil |0'|.` If the actionfis in
itiated‘v from` the rightáhand turn-out condition,
theëinitialaction is'as-described abovefor return
to ~-“cen-tral”`passages; butthe continued move
ment‘of the actuator y85 moves> the lifter | I5 from
theposition-ofëFig. 14» into thatrof‘Fig. 13. If the
action isfinitiatedïrom “central” passages, the
lifterp I I5“ passes» from the - position of ~ Fig; 12 `to
passesi down the ,- right-hand end slopeofl cam
tha-tof Fig; 131` In either event; as the actuator
piece.z I I6, from the position of Fig. 12`toward that tit) 85ï'passes its central position, the# rocker 94and
of; Fig-.114, withza 1 relative clockwise; rocking:- and
levervw 89T travel with it, and the slider 15 land
downward movement of the lever 89- towardthe
link"v ‘I2`“areA` moved towardthe left .until the lug
position ofiFig. 14;.'durìngfrwhich‘rocking offthe
9| drops into. its other> end- locking notch 93.
lever; 891V itsfupper;- end moves: iny thaslot V9.9îatî1a`
Meanwhilethepart 40 remains in position with
rate greater than the movementiofïthe-rocker-94:
its switch-.point 45‘engaged with >rail 20, but part
The: continued _ movement ofthe extensionY 8.1'î is
30 -is Arocked' counter-clockwise about the Vaxis 29
thus; without resistance.,- by the lockingrflever" 89
until'ithel switch point 31 iswithdrawn from. rail
and'ßbrings,:thexlòcking lug` 9 I :past theV endiotî: ’the
21| , and switch point 38 iswbrought to contact with
locking-piece 92„l whereupon' thelweighteofzthe
rail portion 45;> At! the Sametime, the rail,por-'
slider.' 1.5V and;` extension ; 8,11 causes »the lug' 9|ï to
tion 39
moved into alinementv with the frog
drop,-.into.«the Aend notchv 93> becausethe only-vpro»l
bali-25 »in-‘extensionof rail "stubf 23, and'with the
vailingsupportr. for> thisv weight >is then ati` the
rail'portion- 46 on the part 40, it being»4 noted
engagement.. of the . slider 'I5 on. the n flange-f- 95;l
thatîthaswitch point; l3 8‘ >is falso ‘then alined'i with
The: switch link.y 12:y ist` moved' with thei slider.~`-` to
rail'-portionf-y 46/-\and1“48.= The: movement offthel
change the »switch points. Ittwillrïbeffnoted that
connector .spring separatestitssarms 61|, 62:11pm.
the third rail portions 60, 58, so that »60 is de
limited length, an actuator slidable along said
energized.
slot, a rocker constructed and arranged to move
The holes 96 of the rocker show
“green-red-red” through the housing 80, indi
cating a turnout to the left.4
Return from left-hand turnout is similar to
that from right-hand turnout. The locking lug
9| is lifted by the action of lever 89 and lifter I I5,
with said actuator, a ñxed piece having a lock
ing notch, said slider having a lug engageable
with said notch, and means moved by said rocker
for shifting said slider preliminary to sliding
movement thereof whereby tov release the lug from
and the slider is thus released.
While one preferred form has been illustrated
_the notch, and a link connected to said slider and
to said rockable part to move the said rockable
by way of detailed practice, it is obviousv that the
invention is not limited thereto, but many forms
part.
6. A track switch for selective passage to a
right, a central and a left track, comprising a
base, outer rails on said base, a pair of rockable
parts pivoted on said base at a common upright
may be employed within the scope of the ap
pended claims.
I claim:
1. A track switch for selective passage to a 15 axis between the switch point portions and the
frog positions, switch points and rail portions
right, a central and a left track, comprising
connected to one rockable part for the left and
rails which provide said tracks and have been
central tracks, switch points and rail portions to
the other rockable part for the right and cen
tral track, track connections including frogs on
said base effective for providing continuity of
said tracks from the rockable parts, and means
for selectively moving said rockable parts.
cut away between the switch point positions and
the frog positions, a Ipair of rockable parts piv
oted intermediate the switch point and frog po
sitions, one said rockable» part having rigidly
ñxed thereto switch points for the left and cen
tral tracks, the other said rockable part having
ñxed thereto switch points for the right and cen
'7. A track switch for selective passage to a
right, a central and a left track, comprising a
tral tracks, each rockable part having rigidly
fixed thereto rail portions extending from the
switch points and constructed and arranged to
cooperate in selected positions of the rockable
base, outer rails on said base, two rockable parts
pivoted on said base at a common upright axis,
rail portions and switch points for the left and
central tracks connected to one said rockable
parts to procure the selected passage, and means
eiïective to selectively move the rockable parts 30 part, rail portions and switch points for the right
and central tracks #connected to the other said
to and hold each of them in one of two individ
ual positions.
rockable part, the rail portions on one said rock
able part being formed with a ñrst frog for the
2. A track switch comprising a base, rails and
right and left tracks, a second frog on the base
rail stubs on said base for providing for selective
passage to a right, a central and a left track, two 35 for the central and left tracks, a third frog on
the base for the central and right tracks, said
rockable parts in each end position providing
rockable parts pivotally mounted on said base,
and individually movable between end positions,
one said rockable part having rigidly fixed thereto
switch points for the left and the central track,
the other said rockable part having rigidly fixed
continuity of passage for :car wheels over switch
points and rail portions and one or the other of
said second and third frogs, and means for mov
ing each rockable part from one end position to
thereto switch points for the right and the cen
tral track, means effective to normally move the
the other.
rockable parts oppositely whereby the central
passage is selected, and means effective for selec
tively moving one of said rockable parts of its
other end position whereby to procure passage
to the right or the left track, said rockable parts
having rail portions thereon to complete the rail
transit from the switch points to the selected
track.
'
8. A track switch for selective passage to a
right, a central and a left track, comprising a
base, outer rails on said base, two rockable parts
pivoted on said base intermediatefrog and switch
’ point positions, said rockable parts having up
,
3. A track switch as in claim 2, in which the
rockable parts are mounted on a common pivot
axis and comprise web portions lying in the same »
horizontal plane for rocking movement relative..
to one another and to the base, said portions be-y 55
ing located between the path of car wheel flanges,
and rail and switch point portions secured to said
web portions and extending upward therefrom.
wardly extending rail portions providing elements
of the right, central and left tracks, a first frog
on a rockable part formed by the rail portions
thereof for the right and left tracks, switch points
on one said rockable part for the left and cen
tral tracks, switch points on the other said rock
able part for the right and central tracks, a sec
ond frog on the base for the central and left
tracks, the said one rockable part in its end posi
tions presenting rail portions selectively aligned
with said second frog for car wheel transit to
the central or left tracks, a third frog on the base
4. A track switch as in claim 2, for a central
third rail electric railway, in which a third rail 60 for the central and right tracks, the said other
rockablepart in its end positions presenting rail
section extends between the right and he left
portions selectively aligned with said third frog
switch points of said rockable parts, one said
rockable part being cut away opposite the said
forv car wheel transit to the central or right tracks,
and means for moving the rockable parts to said
third rail section, the other rockable part hav
;ing a web extending between its switch points 65 selective positions.
9. A track switch for selective passage to a
.at a level between the third rail section and the
central and to right and left side tracks, com
base, said web having an aperture, and a support
prising a base, outer rails on said base, two rock
Jconnected to the base and the third rail section
able parts pivoted on said base, one rockable part
.and passing through said aperture.
including a central track rail portion and switch
5. A track switch comprising rails and rail
point at one side of its axis, a left track switch
`:stubs and a rockable part effective for selecting a
point at the other side of its axis, and a left
,direction of passage and having switch points
track rail portion rearward of said axis, the other
ithereon, and means effective to move said rock
rockable part including a «central track rail por
-able part and hold the same in moved position;
:said means including aslider having a slotl of 75 tion and switch Vpoint at one side of its axis, a
2,502,149
10
`selectively moving said rockable parts against
the action of said spring whereby to present the
right vtraìc'lg;switch point at the other side of its
aiêis,lan'dfav right traclçìçIraii ñofrtion rearward of
saidqaàisflltwo frogs oiïi'â the iä‘ase positioned for
vswitch points in position for right or left track
>:transit and means for holding the rockable parts
selective.; cooperation with said rail portions in
the endpositions of nj'ovement of the rockabie
parts, one said rockabliìf part also having thereon
:in the thus-moved positions.
ADAM W. HAGEMAN.
frog connected with jthe side track rail portion
"
REFERENCES CITED
vthereon and also having a further rail portion
connected with said frog for selective alignment
c' The following references are of record in the
with :the rearward railf'portion on the other rock~> l0 `file of this patent:
Vable part, and means Vfor selectively moving said
rockable parts.
l
UNITED STATES PATENTS
Number
Name
Date
»I
. 10. A; track switch ’comprising a, base, rails and
,rail stubs on said base for providing for selec?v
219,288
Middleton _______ __ Sept. 2, 1879
.Ètive passage to a right, a central and a »lief-t .15
384,304
651,112
Bailey ________ __'___ June 12, 1888
Gorn ________ _Q--- June 5, 1900
755,495
Houghton .... __Í___ Mar. 22, 1904
“fff'vjtraickjëtwo rockable Ípàrts pivotally mounted _at 1
fía common upright axîi’s on _said base and _indi Hd
A3:-uallyfif?iOva'bie between en'd positions, one SÍaÍid
Èf'rockabie part having'jfswitëgh points for the lieft
and central tracks, t?i'ie other said rockable part
20'~
;
25
1,291,084
Mullens _________ __ Jan. 14, 1919
1,783,069
Becker _______ -'____ Nov. 25, 1930
1,870,526
Ottenstein ______ __ Aug.
Schrefñer _______ __ Sept.
Bonanno _______ _, Sept.
Black ___________ __ May
2,214,310
2,297,131
2,375,890
Number
425,149
FOREIGN PATENTS
Country
9, 1932
10, 1940
29, 1942
15, 1945
Date
England ________ _- Mar. 7, 1935
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