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Патент USA US2505317

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: April 25, 1950
H. E. WATKINS
2,505,315
HAIR CURLE‘R
_
Filed June 17, 1948
INVEN TOR.
HENRY E. WATKINS
ATTORNEY
Patented Apr. 25, 1-950
-
2,5053
13,1
{2
Y .Tttiisz?nventiomrrelatesugbo'ifhalir’i?llnefs.
' anannmar'i?dention; '48-'01? ithe'i'i'tubular-body 20.
Y'
.: ; ‘-n_-l.<obje'ct 10f ilthe' {present invention iisiv to? "' '
1
idetaihair.curlerlwitmmeans:prevenn
'
" '
“tli' stirrup-like holding element
'fa; strip 'ei‘rtending outside
"
ay 20» substantially‘lparallel to the
Gd‘esired izunwindi'n'ga iof Yeasportion' 16f ea‘ 1.
‘
hair from the hair curler.
-
1.A‘;turtheri'objectzofrthefipresent'iniféntionis to
->
'iprovideinarchair curler Yi‘whi'ch I'may‘=1be i-r'ea‘diiy
.emanipuiated.
' 'i'Ainotherilbbject to‘fwtli'et present'iiilnvénti
I '
‘
‘
I
aidi'tdbuIarIbOdy
29 lat-‘111a
I
I
er "wiall'li'liereo‘f, when the
ilholdi'n'g elemental; li'srengagediwith the tubular
~bodyl2?. ~The fendiffiiorition 50 of‘ithe'arm 42*is
v ="b'ent itowaiifds‘iithel tubularl'fbbdyillllf and is- in- en
izimprove-ronv‘hairlcurl'érs-aszno'wiorditiari
" ."?l?-?g'agementiwit he lat‘terlat alipoint‘ in-la'ivertical
>‘:With'itheiabovewaridi'bther objectswrfith‘ ‘- n “n-_mane-‘beyond=fth'e"vertiea1 anefcori'tainingth‘e
if'tion:1in:¢-view,'~11the invéntion'lo'onsist nfthe i vel
end of the clamp 28 as viewedLm-Figs. 11‘ and 2.
sconstruction,:arran'gement 'and‘Fioo ‘binatio‘ "f
~‘wvanious1'relem‘e‘nts andiparts?asiiset erthtl-in he
reclaims‘thereof;i‘anrembodiment‘lof'fthe
ame
‘-'iiiIr?theiembddimerit’shownPin?thé-drawingaithe
irrup-1ike1he1ding?element F38§is iinade ~-‘of~1a»n
e‘i
"
==1describedr inn the v‘speci?cationJi‘andPiP-Ibeing -=illus'-
' ‘
"
material‘. llAiblaiiik-‘38b-a's shown
‘
::~trated_:iin “the ziaccompanying‘ iidrawifn‘gsl-i forming
Npart'of ith-is' speei?eationilwhereinz .
.
element ‘38dis?ifotatably-feifgaged'l'withithe-ibore
v
w :Figwli'isra side'?elevati'onalvviewlo?aiihairFourier
eac'cordingsto'e‘the rlinv'enti'en,
..
‘~" 5120 to'f heftubul'alr' b‘o'dyil20a7 Tnearm '45 is prevented
‘ f‘Fig.‘='[email protected]:*a =1bngitudinali1sectienal’view“Iofitlie
> tr-Fignla-issa
{from axial Fdi'splacemént‘i relative Ttoithetubular
'gh-tihand'riend 1~'v1iew<=iof"r therh‘air
fr‘curler shown
i'g. 1,
'
‘"146'withilthefiannulariiindention~48'oflthetubular
I rodent.» :The‘hin'termediat
orti'o'n 52' of the
f-Fige 4-i-is‘l’a-IIeftehandiend =vi‘ewfof-i1tl'1'e haireurlérl'g? stirrup-holding element .ssri'cehnectingfthe-arm
:ishown- i‘n->F='i"g..i.1,
- ‘it-Fig. e5 vie-Tan" elevationalfiview of‘f'a "blank? tolfb‘e
40 with the arm 42 is bent and shaped-l in "such
ea “wa’y 1‘that?duringliatrotation 'oflitl-ie’fstirrup-like
‘fused;forethelmanufaeturei’g? aihnrdmg (demented:
Kholding“*elerrient ‘38Fre1atiife-1tolthe‘ftubular body
“the? hair-fcurlershowminrlilig. 11,
P20; itsclearsethe v~‘en"ds“'24 Fahd-2'6: of "the 'vciampmg
-- “Fig.1
1aIperspectiveiviewi'of?lthe'heIding1ele-'13u“Win48, whichre'xtendl‘iinto2the interior iof the
.lm'ent-iof-ithei ?aireciiplerashdW?zin‘Fig:1 , 5min
~tubular=1body=§ 2‘0 'toviaicertain extent.
Fig. 7 is a right-hand end el'evationalevi'ewwif
-~ 'Asxwilizberreadily understood,.-the<split resilient
theznair"curler-illustratingTsanie in use.
Referring now to the drawings, 20 indicates
a tubular bodyfidffFa hair-‘curler.’ "The wall of said
tubular body 20 ‘is provided with "a ‘series of
scylindricalénodyi 40"havine‘as1ight1y larger‘ T'd-i
?ametén-‘thamthé bore ‘of theitubula'r body 20 "is
t-~i~1;1 <-fr-ietional~ engagement "with thelinner ‘wall’ of
.said‘tubular(body-1'20"whereby the holding “ele
perforations.
"ment x13?~and> theMtub‘u-lar body ‘20 ‘areih‘eld- auto
‘
The ends 24, 2B of a, clamping ‘wire 28 are
maticallyimam-adjustedpositionirelativeto 68.011
pivotica11y"erfg‘a'ged with"'bores"‘3’?"aiid' 32 respec-
other. ‘Furthermore,ithefabuttingengagement"of
'3
»_
ethe fend tportiontii O-Vof-Ithe- resilient‘ arm “42' with
‘
ima'te-ti-al-iand.-.is_»bent~in~siieh?aiim'anner-v-a
-
the étubular?'body?z?“ contributes ‘to the-*hol'din'g'lof
fejstirrup-likeiholdirigielement 3alandthe'tubu
portions 34, 36, that it is tightly held in its
'l‘ar body 20 in an iadjusted“position"'relatiiiesto
‘clamping position shownin full lines'in the draweach other.
ings wherein it is in engagement with the tubular 45
The hair curler shown in the drawings may be
body 20.
'
A stirrup-like holding element generally indicated by 38 has arms 40 and 42 opposite to each
other. Said stirrup-like holding element 38 is‘
used in the following manner:
At ?rst, the clamp is opened by swinging the
clamping element 28 into the dash and dot line
position 28' shown in Fig. 1. Thereafter, the end
’
made of a resilient material.
‘
>
\
The arm 40 of said stirrup-like holding element
38 is in the shape of a cylindrical body split at
44 (see Figs. 4 and 6). Furthermore, the split re-
50 of a strand of hair is clamped between said
[
\
silient cylindrical body 40 is provided with an
it is held by the cooperation of the portions 34,
annular groove 46 arranged for engagement with 55 36 with the outer surface of the tubular body 20.
clamping element 28 and the tubular body 20 by
moving the clamping element 28 from its open
position 28' into its clamping position 28 wherein
2,505,315
‘
’
4
3
Now the stirrup-like holding element 38 is
gripped by ?ngers of one hand and the tubular
body 20 is rotated by ?ngers of the other hand
relative to said stirrup-like holding element 38.
During such a rotation of the tubular body 26,
which may be readily carried out as the end por
tion 50 as well as the connecting portion 52
clear the ends of the clamping element 28, the
strand of hair 54 is wound on the tubular body
120 as shown inFig. 7.
g‘
‘ ‘
Assume now, that at the end of the winding op
eration the various elements of the hair curler are
‘in the position shown in Fig. 7 and that the stir
lrup-like holding element 38 occupies the positionv
shown in full lines. Then the user of the‘ hair
curler holding the tubular body-‘20 in its prevail
ing position rotates the stirrup-like holding ele
ment 38 in counter-clockwise direction (as viewed
in Fig. 7), until it reaches the dash and dot line
2. A hair curler comprising in combination: a
tubular body adapted to have a strand of hair
wound thereon, clamping means arranged on said
tubular body for clamping the end of a strand of
hair on the latter, and‘a stirrup-like holding ele
ment having arms opposite each other, one of said
arms being in the shape of a cylindrical body in—
serted into the bore of said tubular body and
rotatably engaged therewith, the other arm of
10 jsaid
stirrup-like holding element’ being in the
shape of a strip extending outside said tubular
body along a substantial length thereof and being
adapted to be brought into engagement with the
scalp of a user, and said cylindrical body of the
stirrup-like holding element being made of re
silient materialand being split whereby it holds
said stirrup-like holding element and said tubular
body in an adjusted position relative to each other.
- 3. In a hair curler as claimed in claim 2, both
position wherein its arm 42 being in the position 9,0 arms of said stirrup-like holding element being
42' abuts against the scalp 56 of the user. I
made of resilient material, the main portion of
Now, the user of the hair curler may remove her
said other arm of the stirrup-like holding element
?ngers from the hair curler. The stirrup-like
being spaced from said tubular body, and the end
holding element is held in its adjusted position
portion of said other arm abutting said tubular
(shown in dash-and—dot lines in Fig. 7) relative 25 body.
I to the tubular body 28 of the hair curler by the
4. A hair curler comprising in combination: a
action of the split resilient cylindrical body 40
tubular body adapted to have a strand of hair
on the inner wall of the tubular body 26. There
wound thereon, a clamping element swingably
.fore, as the tubular body 20 is prevented from
mounted at one end of said tubular body for
rotation relative to the stirrup-like holding ele
clamping the end of a strand of hair on said
ment 38, an undesired unwinding of hair from the
tubular body when broughtinto engaging posi
hair curler is eliminated.
tion with the latter, holding means associated
As will be readily understood from above, the
with said clamping means for holding same in
hair can be wound as tightly as desired and the
said engaging position, and a stirrup-like hold
‘wave impressed in the hair by the hair curler
ing element of resilient material having arms
will start at the origin of the strand of hair.
opposite each other, one of said arms being in
I have described a preferred embodiment of my
‘the shape of a split cylindrical body inserted into
.invention, but it is understood that this disclosure
the bore of said tubular body and rotatably en
is for the purpose of illustration and that various
gaged therewith, the other arm of said stirrup
ommissions or changes in shape, proportion and 40 like holding element being in the shape of a strip
arrangement of parts, as well as the substitution
extending outside said tubular body and being
of equivalent elements for those, herein shown and
adapted to be brought into engagement with the
‘described, may be made without departing from
scalp of a user, the main portion of said other arm
.the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth
of the stirrup-like holding element being spaced
in the appended claims.
from said tubular body, the end portion of said
What I claim is:
~
other arm abuting said tubular body at a point
1. A hair curler comprising in combination: a
beyond the end of said clamping element, and
tubular body adapted to have a strand of hair
said split resilient cylindrical body holding by
wound thereon, clamping means arranged on said
frictional engagement with the inner wall of the
tubular body for clamping the end of a strand of.
tubular body said tubular body and said stirrup
hair on the latter, and a stirrup-like holding ele
like holding element in an adjusted position rela
'ment having arms opposite each other, one of
tive to each other.
'
said arms being in the shape of a cylindrical body
HENRY EDWARD WATKINS. ‘
inserted into the bore of said tubular body and
rotatably engaged therewith, the other arm of '
REFERENCES CITED
said stirrup-like holding element extending out
side said tubular body and being adapted to be
The following references are of record in the
?le of this patent:
brought into engagement with the scalp of a user,
UNITED STATES PATENTS
and said cylindrical body of the stirrup-like hold
Name
Date
ing element being made of resilient material and 60 Number
being split whereby it holds said stirrup-like hold
1,626,254
Sexton ___________ __ Apr. 26, 1927
ing element and said tubular body in an adjusted
2,232,776
Dunner __________ __' Feb. 25, 1941
position relative to each other.
'
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