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Патент USA US2834351

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May 13, 1958
‘ H. H. STRYKER
2,834,341
SPLINT
Filed Sept. 20, 1955
2 Sheets—Sheet 1
INVENTOR.
Hal/10? H 57/? wax?
May 13, 1958
H. H. STRYKER
2,834,341
SPLINT
'
Filed Sept. 20, 1955
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INVENTOR.
HOMER /—/. J'TRYKEA’
United States ' ate
2,834,341
C6
Patented May 13, 1958
2
2,834,341
SPLINT
Homer H. Stryker, Kalamazoo, Mich., assignor to 0rtho-_
pedic Frame Company, Kalamazoo, Mich, a corpo
ration of Michigan
Application September 20, 1955, Serial No. 535,399
9 Claims. (Cl. 128-87)
vice, ‘as aforesaid, in which the compressor is ?lled with
a sti?’ly resilient material.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a
device, as aforesaid, in which the compressor is ?lled
with a material which is capable of transmitting pressure
substantially equally in all directions, and wherein either
the casing or the ?lling material is of resilient character.
it is a further object of this invention to provide a
device, as aforesaid, in which the compressor is adapted
10 to exert pressure on the injured member to diminish the
?ow of blood thereto.
It is a further object of this invention to provide an
improved temporary splint construction having an im
proved and simpli?ed means for obtaining traction on
This invention relates to an improved structure for 15 the injured member.
It is a further object of this invention to provide an
use as a temporary splint and, more particularly, relates
to a temporary splint structure provided with means for
improved temporary splint construction and traction
imposing a substantially uniform pressure on substantially
means thereon which traction means cooperates with a
the entire surface of the injured member when the splint
harness secured about the injured member to maintain
is assembled about the injured member.
a pressure on the injured member.
It has long been recognized that one primary purpose
It is a further object of this invention to provide an
of splint structures is to immobilize the injured member
improved temporary splint construction and traction
to prevent further injury thereto. However, with many
means thereon wherein the traction means includes anchor
types of injuries, it is also desirable to minimize swelling
devices, as plates, secured to the splint, each anchor de
and/ or bleeding of the injured member in order to main— 25 vice having a suitable cord engaging device, as a notch
tain the injured member in condition suitable for in
provided therein, by which cords attached to the harness
spection and treatment by the physician. For this
are capable of being gripped and held in an adjusted posi
purpose, it is desirable to apply a uniform pressure onto
tlon.
the entire surface of the injured part in contrast to the
Other objects and advantages of this invention will be
uneven pressure applied by conventional splint structures. 30 come apparent to those acquainted With equipment of this
Further, in some surgical procedures it is desirable to
type upon reading the following description and inspecting
minimize the quantity of blood present in a member,
the accompanying drawings.
as a leg, prior to the commencement of an operation
Since the device of the invention ?nds a great degree
thereon. This can be carried out by ?rst applying a uni
of utility as a temporary splint, the following description
form pressure onto the entire surface of the member con
cerned for sufiicient time to drive out therefrom as
has utilized a temporary splint as a convenient means
much blood as possible, second, applying a tourniquet to
the upper end of the member to minimize the return of
understood that other uses are possible, and contemplated,
blood into the member, and, third, removing the pres
of illustrating the invention.
Nevertheless, it will be
such as the use as a surgical aid mentioned above.
In the drawings:
sure applying .device to expose the member for the de 40
Figure 1 is a plan view of a splint construction em
sired surgery. The device of the invention can be used
bodying the invention in its open, or non-use condition
to apply the pressure mentioned above and thus function
said view being taken from the other side thereof.
as a surgical aid.
Figure 2 is a sectional view taken along the line II-II
of Figure 1.
With many types of injuries, e. g. fractures, it is
further desirable to use traction and the injured member. 45
Figure 3 is a sectional view taken {along a line through
Prior splint constructions having traction means thereon
the middle securing strap with the splint construction
have not always been completely satisfactory in use either
secured about an injured member.
because of their inability to maintain traction in a com
Figure 4 is a plan view of an ankle harness usable with
pletely safe and eiTective manner or because an un
the traction device of the temporary splint construction.
desirable amount of manipulation of the injured member 50
Figure 5 is a front view of the splint construction se
has been required in order to properly place the traction
cured about a leg with parts thereof being partially broken
device in position on the injured member.
away to show the ankle harness about the leg and secured
Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to pro
to the traction device on the splint.
vide a device for imposing a substantially uniform pres
Figure 6 is a central sectional view of the splint con
sure on substantially the entire surface of the injured 55 struction and harness as shown in Figure 5.
member.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a
General description
in general, the splint construction here used to illus
the member.
trate the present invention includes a pair of rigid, chan
It is a further object of this invention to provide a 60 nel-shaped frame members 10 and 11. A pair of com
pressors 12 and 13 are mounted in the frame members
device, as aforesaid, which has a compressor mounted
it} and 11, respectively, and are adapted to surround and
thereon for contacting the surface of the injured mem
exert a substantially uniform- pressure on the injured
ber, which compressor is adapted to adjust to the con
member. A pair of cord gripping devices in the form
tours of the injured member and to impose a substantially
65 of plates 15 and 16 are secured to one longitudinal end
uniform pressure thereabout.
of the frame members 10 and 11, respectively, and are
It is a further object of this invention to provide a
adapted to receive cords therethrough, which cords are
device, as aforesaid, in which the compressor comprises
attached to a suitable harness for exerting traction on
a ?exible casing ?lled with a material which‘ is capable
the injured member.
of transmitting pressure substantially equally in all direc
While the detailed description given hereinbelow re
tions.
lates to a splint construction for an injured leg, it is
It is further object of this invention to provide a de
to be equally applicable to arm splints and other types
device, as aforesaid, which will simultaneously immobilize
2,834,341
3
4
of splints used to keep a selected body member immobi
lized.
The terms “upward” and derivatives thereof, and
“downward” and derivatives thereof, are employed for
convenience in description andrefer to directions cor
responding to upward or downward portions of the leg
with which the device is to be used, downward referring
to directions toward the foot and upward referring to
directions toward the hip.
bers 10 and 11 urged towards each other, the casing will
Detailed description
be deformed and a uniform pressure will be exerted on
substantially the entire surface of the member by the
?ller. It will be understood that whenever a non-elastic
?ller, such as water, is used, then the casing is preferably
made from a stretchable material.
With injuries where it is desirable to apply traction to
the injured body member, a harness is generally employed
which harness may be wrapped around the injured mem
ber and then locked to the splint construction so as to
apply pressure to the member. In the description that
The channel-shaped frame members are mirror images
follows one suitable harness is described but it is to be
of each other, and accordingly only the frame member
10 will be described herein. Corresponding parts on
understood that this harness is described for illustrative
purposes only and that other harnesses can be used in
frame member 11 will be indicated by the same reference 15 conjunction with the splint construction of this invention.
The harness 60 includes a pad 61 cut in a substantially
numeral with the su?ix “a” applied thereto.
semi-circular pattern. A strap 62 is stitched to the pad
The frame member 10 includes a downwardly tapering
61 and is folded over at 63 and 64 so that it follows the
central panel 20 and a pair of outer ?anges 21 and 22.
shape thereof. A buckle 65 is provided at one end of the
Flanges 21 and'21a are of substantially the same depth
through their length and are adapted to lie adjacent the 20 strap for the usual purpose. Loops 66 and 67 are secured
to the folded over portions 63 and 64 and extend away
‘back portion of a leg. Flanges 22 and 22a have cut-away
therefrom. A cord 68 is secured to the loops.
portions 23 and 23a (Figure 5) adjacent their lower ends
In use the pad 61 is placed around the ankle and
to provide space for the foot to pass therebetween. The
the strap is tightened with the buckle lying slightly above
frame members are made of any suitable material, such
and forwardly of the ankle. In this position of the har
ness, the loops 66 and 67 lie on either side of the ankle.
Plates 15 and 16 are identical and, accordingly, only
plate 15 will be described in detail. Corresponding
Operation
parts on plate '16 will be identi?ed by the same reference
In use, as a splint construction, the device of the in
numeral with the sui?x “a” added thereto. Plate 15
includes a mounting ?ange 25, an inwardly directed con 30 vention is applied to an injured body member, as a leg L,
by‘ placing the compressors on either side of the leg
necting web 26 and an offset, planar gripping portion 27.
and urging the frame members 10 and 11 toward each
A notch 28, defined by downwardly diverging edges, is
as aluminum.
other to hold the compressors ?rmly in place. _ Such
provided in the gripping portion 27. The gripping por
urging is in this embodiment effected by pulling on the
tion 27 preferably is inwardly offset sufficiently that it is
substantially aligned with a line along the outside surface 35 straps 31, 32 and 33 with considerable pressure and
then securing the splint in such position by use of buckles
of the portion of the leg immediately above the ankle
38, 39 and 40. During the mounting of the splint, the
‘thereof.
strap 32 is positioned so that it bears against the knee
The compressors 12 and 13 are disposed on the inner
cap while the straps 31 and 33 are mounted inpany desired
surface of the frame members 10 and 11, respectively,
and are each provided with portions which extend beyond 40 and satisfactory position about the leg on either side of the
knee. The mounting of the splint about the leg causes
the side edges of the frame members. A central web 30
the compressors 12 and 13 to deform and assume the
connects the compressors 12 and 13. A plurality of
straps 31, 32 and 33 are secured to the frame members
10 and 11 and to the central web 30 in suitable fashion.
In the disclosed embodiment snap fasteners 35, 36 and
37 (Figure 1) secure the straps to the frame members
and to the central web. Similar snap fasteners are pro
contour of the leg L and also causes the compressors to
impose a substantially uniform pressure on that portion
vided for the other straps. The straps have buckles 38,
39 and 40 at one end thereof through which the other
ends of the straps pass when the splint is being mounted
members 10 and 11 are forced to fill the space between
on an injured member. The compressors 12 and 13 have
.panels 42 and 43, respectively, which de?ne envelopes
for the reception of the upper ends of frame members
10 and 11, respectively. Snap fasteners 44 and 45 secure
the panels 42 and 43 to the frame members. The struc~
vture just described operatively connects the frame mem
bers to each other and to the compressors so that they
may be secured about the injured member.
of the leg which is surrounded thereby. In particular,
it is pointed out that the portion of the compressors 12
and 13 which extend beyond the side edges of the frame
the frame members by the straps so that the pressure
.from the compressors is exerted about substantially the
entire periphery of the injured leg.
With the device mounted about the leg and the harness
secured to the ankle, the person applying the treament
may pull on the cord 68 to exert traction on the leg if
~ desired. The respective portions of the cord depending
from loops 66 and 67 will then be passed through notches
28 and 28a, respectively, which cord will be locked thereby
because of the inwardly converging shape of the notches.
When used as a surgical aid in the manner above
The compressors 12 and 13 are in this embodiment
formed with an external casing 50 of any suitable de GO described, the device will be affixed around the member
formable material. Preferably this casing is waterproof
in the same manner as though it were being used for a
and, for example, may be composed of a rubberized fabric
-or of Koroseal. A suitable ?ller 51 is provided within
the casing to resist deformation thereof with a substan
splint and the pressure applied, as by tightening the
tially uniform pressure.
The material may be any ma
straps 31, 32 or 33 or by, in the case of a device intended
for use with a pressure ?uid, such as compressed air,
supplying a su?icient amount of such ?uid under pressure
terial capable of transmitting a pressure applied thereto
equally, or substantially equally, in all directions. In the
disclosed embodiment, a particulate solid such as rub
to provide the compression required.
Although the above mentioned drawings and descrip
tion apply to one preferred embodiment of the invention,
berized hair (hair, often swine hair, covered and partially
‘bonded together by latex) is utilized as the tiller. One
acceptable type of rubberized hair is made by Armour
it is not my intention, implied or otherwise, to eliminate
other variations or modi?cations which do not depart from
the scope of the invention unless speci?cally stated to the
and Company, Chicago, Illinois, under the trademark '
contrary in the hereinafter appended claims.
“Hair?ex.” ~Alternatively, a ?uid such as compressed
'air or water can ‘be used. Thus, when the compressors
are placed'around a body member and the frame mem
I claim:
1. A splint construction for an injured bodily member,
including vin combination: a pair of similar rigid, substan
5
2,834,3t1
6 .
tially channel-shaped frame members; deformable com
means including a plate inwardly from the interior sur
face of each frame member and having a longitudinally
pressors, positioned on the interior surface of said frame
members and extending beyonl the lateral edges thereof,
extending notch; and securing means for mounting said
said compressors including a casing and material within
said casing resisting deformation thereof with a force
which is substantially uniform, said compressors over
lapping the edges of said frame members; a web connect
ing a pair of adjacent compressors each of said adjacent
series of rigid, elongated frame members, said frame
members being operatively connected so as to be capable
of substantially surrounding an injured member; a har
compressors being located respectively on one of said
ness securable about an injured member; cord means
frame members about an injured member.
7. A splint construction including in combination: a
frame members, said web thereby providing an operative 10 secured to said harness on opposite sides thereof; a plate
connection between a pair of adjacent edges of said frame
on one longitudinal end of each of a pair of opposed
members so that said frame members may be moved
relative to each other into engagement with different por
frame members for connection to said cord means, said
plates each having a longitudinally extending 'V-shaped
tions of the injured member; and means secured to said '
notch in the edge thereof opposite the frame member to
which it is attached for reception of a cord therewithin.
8. A splint construction including in combination: an
frame members for securing said frame members and
compressors about the injured member.
2. A splint construction including in combination: a
elongated, substantially channel-shaped, rigid frame mem
pair of similar rigid, substantially channel-shaped frame
ber, said frame member having a plate secured thereto
members, said frame members each having a relatively
. at one longitudinal end thereof; said plate having a planar
wide web and having a pair of relatively short arms ex 20 portion offset inwardly of the surface of said frame mem
tending away from said web at an ‘obtuse angle; a pair of
ber which is adapted to be closest to an injured member,
deformable compressors, said compressors having adja
cent edges joined together by a connecting web, said com
said planar portion being adapted to align with the outside
surface of said injured member, said planar portion hav
pressors including a ?exible external casing and means
within said casing for resisting deformation of the casing,
‘ ing a V-shaped, longitudinally extending notch formed in
25
said means being of character capable of transmitting
substantially equally in all directions a force’ applied
thereto; means mounting each of said compressors in one
said planar portion and extending from the end edge
thereof which is opposite the frame member to which it
is attached.
9. A splint construction, including in combination; a
pair of rigid, substantially channel-shaped frame mem
of said frame members on the interior surface thereof,
said connecting web operatively connecting said frame 30 bers; a plurality of deformable compressors, said com
members together but permitting relative movement
pressors being positioned on the interior surface of said
thereof, each compressor overlapping the edges of the
frame memberand extending beyond the lateral edges
frame member with which it is associated; securing means
thereof, said compressors including a casing which is
mounted on said frame members and adapted to secure
curing means deforming the overlapping portions of said
urgable into contact with an injured member under sub
stantially uniform pressure; a web connecting the adja
cent lateral edges of a pair of adjacent compressors, said
compressors into engagement with the outer surface of
pair of adjacent compressors each being secured, respec
said injured member whereby a substantially uniform
tively, to one of said frame members, said web thereby
connecting adjacent lateral edges of said frame members
said frame members about an injured member, said se
pressure is imposed on the outer surface of the injured
member.
3. A construction as in claim 2 wherein said material
within said casing for resisting deformation thereof is a
?uid, one of the ?uid and the casing being of elastic char
so that said frame members may be moved relative to
each other around an injured member and urge said com
pressors into contact with substantially the entire pe
acter.
form pressure; and means for securing said frame mem
riphery of the injured member under substantially uni
4. A construction as in claim 2 wherein said material 45 bers and compressors in position about the injured mem
ber.
mass of particulate solids which are adapted to move
within said casing for resisting deformation thereof is a
within said casing and resist deformation thereof.
5. A construction as in claim 4 wherein said mass of
particulate solids includes rubberized hair.
50
6. A splint construction including in combination: a
pair of rigid, substantially channel-shaped, elongated
frame members; deformable compressors secured to the
interior surface of said frame members, said compressors
including means resisting deformation thereof with a 55
force which is substantially uniform at all points on its
surface; means on one longitudinal end of each of said
frame members for connection to a traction device, said
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
7,626
412,213
Welch ________________ .._ Sept. 3, 1850
Turner ______________ __ Oct. 1, 1889
653,179
1,916,789
2,387,192.
Hughes ______________ .._ July 3, 1900
Fordham ______________ __ July 4, 1933
542,946
Great Britain ______ -......-- Feb. 3, 1942
Straits ______________ _- Oct. 16, 1945
FOREIGN PATENTS
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