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Патент USA US2835433

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May 20, 1958
M. c. HORNE
2,835,423
CLOTHES HANGER
Filed Oct. 22. 1954
INVENTOR
Marion C’. Horroe .
ATTORNEY
ited States Patent 0 ' ice
2,835,423
Patented May 20, 1958
2
itself to provide greater strength and rigidity. These
curved portions of the clamping members on the two side
sections are shown at 24 and 26 in Fig. 2.
2,835,423
CLOTHES HANGER
Marion C. Horne, Miami, Fla.
Application October 22, 1954, Serial No. 464,082
5 Claims. (Cl. 223-96)
A pad, made of felt, cork, rubber or the like cushioning
material is shown in Fig. 2 as connected to the inside of
the clamping member 22' of each arm, these pads being
shown at 28 and 30. However, the device is capable of
operation without the cushioning pads and the inner sur
face of the clamping members may even be roughened
10 as by grooving or knurling to provide a better gripping
surface.
Intermediate each section 12 and 14, at the junction‘
of the arms 18 and 20, are provided a pair of spaced
eyelets as at 32 and 34. Within these eyelets are positioned
This invention relates 'to a hanger construction for
pivot pins, such as shown at 36 and 38. The pin 36 may
holding clothes, and it particularly relates to a clothes
be integral with a toggle arm 40 and the pin 38 may
hanger adapted to clampingly hold a pair of trousers or
be integral with a toggle arm 42. The toggle arms, each
a skirt.
'
of which comprises a rear wall and a pair of side walls,
There have, heretofore, been various attempts to pro
are of slightly different widths, the toggle arm 40 being
vide a clothes hanger which is particularly suited for 20 slightly wider than the toggle arm 42. Because of this
clamping the cuff-ends of a pair of trousers or the waist
construction, the upper end of arm 42 ?ts snugly within
portion of a'skirt so that the trousers or skirt hang down
the upper end of arm 40. Each of the arms 40 and 42 are
for their full length. This type of hanging generally
provided with corresponding holes 44 in their side walls,
permits slight wrinkles or creases in the garments which
and through each pair of these holes extends a lug 46.
occur during wear, to straighten out under the action of
These lugs 46 are integrally connected to an internally
gravity on the garment. However, none of these prior
threaded ring 48. The lugs 46 and holes 44 provide a.
devices have provided for the positive clamping of the
pivotal connection between the toggle arms 40 and 42
and the ring 48.
garment, while, at the same time, being free of any creas
ing action on the garment. They have also, generally been
. Extending through the ring 48, and in threaded engage
relatively complex in structure and, therefore, di?icult and 30 ment therewith, is a partially threaded rod 50. The upper
portion of the rod 50 is unthreaded and is constructed at
expensive to manufacture, expensive to buy, and di?icult
and expensive to keep in repair.
It is, therefore, one object of the present invention to
‘provide a clothes hanger which is capable of positively
the top thereof in the form of a hook 52. This hook 52
consists of a‘ horizontal bottom portion 54, a straight
vertical portion 56 and a curved top portion 58. The un
clamping the ends of trousers or a skirt and which, at the 35 threaded portion of the rod extends through a central
same time, is capable of being easily released from its
opening 60 which is formed in the top wall of the upper
portion 16. A pair of stops 62 and 64 are provided on
Another object of the present invention is to provide a
the rod, the stop 62 being above the opening 60 and the
stop 64 being below the opening. These stops limit the
positive clamping position.
clothes hanger which is composed. of relatively few parts
40 vertical movement of the rod relative to the clamping
and which does not easily break down in use.
portion of the hanger.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a
The operation of the hanger is obvious from the con
clothes hanger which is capable of easy manipulation.
struction. The hook 52 is used to rotate the rod 50, and
Other objects of the present invention are to provide an
is sufficiently rigid to be ?ipped around by one’s ?nger.
improved clothes hanger, of the character described, that
is easily and economically produced, which is sturdy in 45 When the rod is rotated in one direction, the ring 48 is
moved up, acting through the lugs 46 to swing the toggle
construction, and which is highly e?‘icient in operation.
arms 40 and 42 up to the dotted outline position shown
With the above and related objects in view, this in
in Fig. 2. This acts‘to positively clamp the clamping mem
vention consists in the details of construction and combi
nation of parts, as will‘ be more fully understood from
bers 22 against the garment shown in dotted outline at
Fig. 1 is a front elevation-a1 view of a clothes hanger
case where only a spring clamping action or the like were
the following description, when read in conjunction with 50 66. This positive clamping is not liable to be inadvertent
ly opened by shocks or by accident such as would be the
the accompanying drawing in which;
in effect. However, when the clamping members are
in dotted outline.
to be opened to release the garment, the rod is simply
55
rotated in the opposite direction and the arms 40 and
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the device of Fig. 1,
showing the device in full line when in open position and
‘42 are moved to the open full line position shown in
Fig. 2.
in dotted outline when in closed position.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view of the top
The main portion of the hanger, here illustrated, is
portion of the device, the view being partly in section
constructed of metal. However, either all or part of the
and partly in elevation.
device may be constructed of plastic or other desirable
Fig. 4 is an enlarged perspective view of the toggle and
material. When molded from plastic or the like, the eye
threaded rod arrangement.
lets 32 and 34 are molded together with the side sec
Referring now in greater detail to the drawing wherein
tions. Otherwise, as when made of metal, the eyelets
similar reference characters refer to'similar parts, there
may be made separately and welded onto the side sec
65
is shown a hanger, generally designated 10, comprising two
tions.‘v The same is true of the pivot pins 36 and 38; these
side sections 12 and'14. Each of these sections 12 and
pins being either molded together with their respective
14 meet in a unitary top portion 16 and each consists of
toggle arms or separately made and ?xed thereon. It is
a pair of oppositely curved concave arms 18 and 20 which
also within the scope of this invention to make the clamp—
descend from the top or upper portion 16. The bottom
ing members shorter for trousers and longer for skirts.
ends of the arms 18 and 20 on each side section are
Although this invention has been described in consider
joined by a straight, horizontal clamping member 22.
able detail, such description is intended as being illus
The clamping member 22 is, itself, curved around on
trative rather than limiting, since the invention may be
embodying the present invention, showing the hidden parts
2,836,423
,
C)
variously embodied, and the scope of the invention is to
be determined as claimed.
Having thus set forth and disclosed the nature of this
invention, What is claimed is:
1. A clamp type clothes hanger comprising an inverted
U-shaped frame, the ends of the legs of which are pro
vided with horizontal clamp bars, means vattached be
tween the legs of said U-shapcd frame having a loW me
chanical advantage for ?exing said legs to bring said
clamp bars together or positively separate them through
their full range, manual operating means therefore, said
?exing means comprising a pair of toggle levers hinged
to said legs and to each other by horizontal hinges, said
operating means including a hanger hook having a thread~
ed shank rotatably held against axial displacement in the 15
top of said U-shaped frame and a threaded collar cooper
ating with said threaded shank and having hinge pins for
said hinge between said toggle levers.
3. A hanger as defined in claim 2, said U-shaped frame
having a substantially straight top portion and right angle
corners.
,
4. A hanger as de?ned in claim 3, said leg hinges being
at substantially the mid-point of said legs.
5. A hanger as de?ned in claim 4, said toggle levers
being comparatively long so as to require only a minimum
rotation of said hanger hook to operate said clamping
bars through their full opening and closing range.
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
789,180
Johnson ____________ __ Nov. 11, 1924
2,200,669
2,203,034
2,337,723
Cook ________________ __ May 14, 1940
Stec ________________ __ June 4, 1940
Levin ______________ __ Dec. 28, 1943
71,471
Austria ______________ __ Apr. 10, 1916
v 2. A hanger as de?ned in claim 1, said collar being
FOREIGN PATENTS
above said hinges between the toggle levers and said 20
legs.
Spruce _______________ __ May 9, 1905
1,515,489
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