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Патент USA US2872048

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Feb. 3, 1959
E. F. CROSS
METAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 1. 1954
Z9 3-
2,871,998
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
F??- 3
5m #2222’:
ATTORNE Y5.
Feb. 3, 1959'
E. F. CROSS
2,871,998
METAL BUILD‘ING CONSTRUCTION
Filed June 1, 1954 _
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
E97.‘
IN VEN TOR.
EA 121. F C2055
BY
5W“) M
,4 TTOPNEYS,
MM
Feb. 3, 1959
E. F. CROSS
2,871,998
METAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Filed June‘ 1. 1954
3 Sheets-Sheet 3
7
INVENTOR.
EARL F C2055
BY
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@MMM»
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ATTORNEYS.
‘
United States Patent 0
,.
ICC
2,871,998
Patented Feb. 3, 1959
2
friction of the clips straddling the ribs will hold the girts
in place before welding. ‘Or to insure more friction, nubs
30 may be peened in the sides of the clips. An arc welder
2,871,998
_ then welds the D clip 7 to the vertical ribs at the spots 8
and 9 above and below the girt 6. Slots 10 and 11 in
the back of the D clip 7 give access for the welder’s
electrode to contact both the D clip 7 and the back of the
METAL BUILDING ‘CONSTRUiITION
Earl Franklin Cross, Birmingham, Mich, assignor to The
R. C. Mahon ‘Company, Detroit, Micln, a corporation
of Michigan
Application June 1, 1954, Serial No. 433,649
2 Claims. (c1. res-c4)
rib, thereby making both these members acessible for the
10
electrode metal to unite the two parts together.
When all the D clips 7 have been set over the inter
sections and welded in place, the inside metal wall struc
ture is set in place.
The inside wall sections are what
might be termed triple channels. They have two narrow
channels 12 and a midchannel 13 about twice the width
This invention relates to metal walls, particularly insu
lated steel walls built up out of sheet metal sections and
straps which we call horizontal girts. The channel sec
of the narrow channels. The narrow channels face toward
one and the midchannel faces away from one. At one
side the sections have a looped ?ange 14 and the other
tions, which form the inside sheetingr of the walls, are
side a plain ?ange 15. These can be hooked together as
put together successively after the ?berglass insulation
shown in Fig. 10. The hanger clips 16 are hooked over
20
has been placed in the channels formed by the outside
the girts, the deep recess 19 straddling the girt. These
metal sections.
‘ hanger .clips are so narrow that when the next section is
The girts are held in place by novel D clips which per
put in place, the looped ?ange engages over the plain
mit the same gauge metal in the D clip to be arc welded
?ange and also the hanger clips. The setup of the inside
to the 16 or 18 gauge metal in the outside metal channel
wall, section for section, then goes on until it has all been
sections. These D clips are are welded above and below
completed. The inside channel sections rest upon the
the girts which each D clip bridges to hold the girts in
?oor or upon ?oor molding. The hangers do not support
place on the ribs. This D clip and this method of secur
them on the girts, but simply tie them to the girts.
ing the girts in place is a great improvement over welding
What I claim is:
the heavy girt stock to the ribs or securing the girts to
1. A temporary metal wall structure comprising a plu
the ribs in some other fashion. These clips distribute the
rality of channel sections of sheet metal, each with a plain
weight of the horizontal girts over a greater area of the
outside Wall structure. These clips are so designed as to
allow for vertical and horizontal expansion of the build
ing steel and metal wall. The clips have holes which are
?ange on one edge and a doubled back ?ange on the other
edge, said sections being hooked together with said plain
?anges engaged within said double back ?anges to form
vertical ribs, a plurality of girts of thicker metal extending
horizontally across and abutting said vertical ribs, a plu
rality of sheet metal clips supporting each of said girts,
each of said clips including a pair of channel portions
connected by a girt-embracing bridge portion and said
further apart than the width of the horizontal girt, there
by after welding at the holes reinforcing the ribs and
allowing for greater welding area. They provide positive
fastening both top and bottom of the clip for the metal
of girts and the ribs.
channel portions of each clip being deep channels fric
40 tionally engaging a rib for temporary support.
Referring to the drawings:
'
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of the outside
2. A metal wall structure comprising a plurality of
wall structure taken from inside, showing the D clip
channel sections of sheet metal, each with a plain ?ange
welded to the vertical rib and supporting one of the hori
on one edge and a doubled back ?ange on the other edge,
zontal girts.
said sections being hooked together with said plain ?anges
Figs. 2, 3 and 4 are side, front and top elevations of the 45 engaged within said doubled back ?anges to form vertical
D clip, respectively.
ribs, a plurality of girts of thicker metal extending hori
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective showing the outside
zontally across and abutting said vertical ribs, a plurality
wall channel sections looped together.
of sheet metal clips supporting each of said girts, each of
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary elevation of the outside wall
said clips including a pair of channel portions connected
structure after the insulation has been put in place and the 50 by a girt-embracing bridge portion, said channel portions
girts secured to the vertical ribs by the D clips.
Fig. 7 is a section on the line 7—-7 of Fig. 6.
‘Fig. 8 is a fragmentary elevation of the wall structure
showing how the inside wall channel sections are secured
in place by the hangers.
of each clip ?tting on the same rib and being welded
thereto.
55
vFig. 9 is a perspective of one of the hangers.
‘Fig. 10 is a top fragmentary plan view of the assembled
wall structure.
The outside Wall sections are designated 1. They com
prise sheet metal channels with a plan ?ange 2 at one
side and a looped ?ange ‘at the other side. These ?t
together as shown in Figs. 1 and 5 to form the vertical
References Cited in the ?le of this patent
UNITED STATES PATENTS
1,231,289
1,234,903
1,404,777
1,760,955
2,641,035
Otte ________________ __ June 26, 1917
Jester ________________ __ July 31, 1917
Leutner ______________ __ Ian. 3], 1922
165,103
Switzerland __________ __ Nov. 15, 1933
ribs 4. The looped ?ange and the plain ?ange that forms
the rib are fastened together by peening at 20. This makes
a plain ?ush face for the outside of the wall. The ribs 65
form effective reinforcements on the inside of the wall.
Heat insulation material, such as ?berglass slabs 5, are
?tted into the channels. The D clip 7 is set to straddle
the rib above and below the girt 6 and to bridge it. The
Moss ________________ __ June 3, 1930
Nelsson ______________ __ June 9, 1953
FOREIGN PATENTS
OTHER REFERENCES
.Sweet’s Files (Architectural), 1948, 8c/6a, page 2.
Sweet’s Files (Architectural), 1951, 8b/M, page 2.
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