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Московский Гуманитарный Педагогический Институт
ПРОЕКТ ПО ПАУПР
Тема:
“Fables Teach Us Good Lessons”
Выполнили студентки гр.3505
Беспалденнова Надeжда
Маевски Евгения
Михеева Яна
Хаирова Регина
Харченко Мария
Блинова Мария
Руководители:
А.Б. Гулиянц,
С.Б. Гулиянц
2009
Актуальность данной разработки заключается в том,
что, с одной стороны, данные упражнения могут
использоваться для введения и отработки нового
материала при обучению по вышеназванному
учебнику, а с другой стороны, при работе с другим
любым пособием со сходным лексическим
материалом.
Целью нашего исследования стала разработка
комплекса упражнений, которые помогли бы полнее
и интересней представить данный материал.
В связи с поставленной целью было необходимо
выполнить следующие задачи:
- практические: разработать комплекс упражнений,
который можно будет использовать на уроках
английского языка в школах и непрофильных
ВУЗах.
- воспитательные: приобщение учащихся к мировой
художественной культуре.
- развивающие: развитие умения сопоставительного
анализа
Объектом исследования стали картины российских
и зарубежных авторов, отобранные по теме «Мифы и
легенды».
Предметом исследования является использование
данных картин на уроках английского языка.
Гипотеза исследования предполагает, что
использование художественного материала на
уроках английского языка способствует лучшему
усвоению лексического и грамматического
материала.
William-Adolphe Bouguereau
• William-Adolphe Bouguereau (November 30, 1825 – August
19, 1905) was a French academic painter. Bouguereau was a
staunch traditionalist whose realistic genre paintings and
mythological themes were modern interpretations of Classical
subjects with a heavy emphasis on the female human body.
Although he created an idealized world, his almost photorealistic style was popular with rich art patrons. He was very
famous in his time but today his subject matter and technique
receive relatively little attention compared to the popularity of
the Impressionists.
• He created several pictures of Cupid.
• Cupid with a Butterfly is a full-length
portrait of a baby who is sitting on the
fountain against the dark background. We
can see a great contrast between Cupid, his
light skin and hair, white wings, golden
arrows and the shabby fountain and the
dark trees behind. The sitter is careless and
seems happy, he is playing with a butterfly.
The artist depicts the air of calmness and
serenity. The picture itself is almost photorealistic and it makes her unbelievable as
we can see a young winged god in it.
• In general, the picture is moving and
lyrical, it’s an exquisite piece of painting.
• Now the picture is in the Collection of
Fred and Sherry Ross.
Alionushka (1881) – a well-known
picture by Vasnetsov, based on the fairy-tale
“About Sister Alionushka and her Brother
Ivanushka”. Vasnetsov himself said about the
picture: “One common girl I met in Akhtyrka
reminded me Alionushka, whose image had
lived in my mind for years. Those girl stroke
my imagination – her eyes were full of
melancholy, loneliness, genuine Russian
sadness – she had a special Russian air”.
In the picture we can see a young girl sitting
on the stone near the pond. She is dressed in
black patterned sarafan, the background is
very dark and obscure, there is a thick mixed
wood. Black and dark-green predominate in
the colour-scheme. In general, the picture is
poetic in tone and atmosphere, but it’s really
depressing. Vasnetsov depicts a real grief,
desperation and sadness of a young girl, who
is lost and abandoned.
Now the picture is in the State Tretyakov
Gallery
Task and exercises based on Units 3 and 4 (English V – V.N. Bogoroditskaya, L.V.
Khrustalyova) – “Fables teach us good lessons” ,“The World of Imagination”
Active words and phrases from Units 3 and 4:
(лексические единицы уже отработаны и выучены)
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To imagine,imagination
Usual / Unusual
Fantastic
Free
Quiet
Alone
Lonely
Curious
To appear / To disappear
Strange
An interest
To dream / A dream
To pretend
Magic
Real, really
To believe
Make-believe
To wait
Silly / Wise
To boast, boastful
Naughty
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Work, to work
Hardworking | Lazy
Attentive
Sad
Slow / Fast
Right / Wrong
Pleased
Ashamed / proud
a fable
a moral
well-known
famous
to become
to try
to take place
to remember / to forget
to act
suddenly
Easy | difficult
to decide
Grammar:
Say || tell
Would like smth ||to do smth
Past simple
Past Continuous
Tag questions
New words, phrases and grammar constructions to be used at the
lesson (частично знакомая лексика):
Proper names:
Psyche /’saiki/ - Психея
Cupid /’kju:pid/ - Купидон
Venus /’vi:nes/ - Венера
The Olymp – гора Олимп
Alionushka
Ivanushka
Vasnetsov
Bouguereau /bu3e’ro:/
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In the picture – на картине
Colorful - красочный
Faded colors – поблекшие краски
Myth - миф
Tale - сказка
According to – согласно, в соответствии с
Jealous, jealousy – завистливый, зависть
Wicked - злобный
A kid - козлёночек
Fall in | out of love – влюбиться /
разлюбить
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Approve /u:/ - одобрять
Misbehave – не послушаться
Character /k/ - персонаж
Pond - пруд
God - бог
Common - обыкновенный
Forbid - запрещать
Hide – прятать
Turn into – превратиться в…
Immortal - бессмертный
Positive - положительный
Negative - отрицательный
In smb’s place – на месте кого-то
Describe - описать
Description - описание
to be based on – быть основанным на…
happy-end – счастливый конец
•
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Grammar:
To make smb do smth
To make smb feel …
If I were….., I would….
Exercises:
1. Do you remember tag-questions? Answer these questions.
Alionushka looks happy, doesn’t she?
Ivanushka turned into a dog, didn’t he?
Ivanushka didn’t drink water from the step, did he?
Alionushka isn’t angry with her brother, is she?
Ivanushka will come back, won’t he?
2. Make the tags:
Cupid loved Psyche, __________?
Psyche’s sisters were jealous, __________?
Psyche couldn’t see Cupid’s face, ___________?
Cupid is painted as a child, __________?
Greek Gods live at the Olymp, ___________?
3. Put the verbs in the right form:
Ivanushka (misbehave) and (drink) water from the step.
Alionushka (cry) while Ivanushka (be) away from her.
Alionushka (feel) very sad and (want) to find her brother.
Alionushka (sit) near the pond while Ivanushka (run) somewhere.
The witch (want) to kill Alionushka because she (be) jealous.
4. Fill in the gaps with active words.
Cupid was _____________ and ____________.
Venus was ____________ and _____________.
Psyche was ____________ and _____________.
Psyche’s sisters were ______________ and ____________.
The myth is ____________ and _____________.
5. Match characters with their descriptions:
1 – Ivanushka
A – Wicked
2 – Alionushka
B – Kind
3 – Venus
C – Silly
4 – Cupid
D – Kurious
5 – Psyche
E – Jealous
6 – Witch
F - Lonely
6. True or false? If false, give the right answer.
•
Alionushka made her brother drink from the step.
•
Cupid fell in love with Psyche.
•
Ivanushka turned into a frog.
•
Psyche was ugly and jealous.
•
Venus lived at the Olymp.
•
The witch wanted to kill Ivanushka.
•
Cupid turned into a kid.
•
The Olymp is a forest.
Tasks:
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Make two lists of words: positive characteristics and
negative ones. Use your active vocabulary.
Suggest as many adjectives to describe the main
character as you can.
Describe one of the characters of the tale | myth
using active words and phrases.
Can you suggest a moral for each of the stories?
Discussion:
(варианты вопросов и тем для обсуждения – на выбор учителя)
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Look at the picture. Describe the picture. Do you like it? Why?
Tell about the picture: who is the author? When was it painted? What is it based on?
Try to guess, who is painted there.
What do you know about this character? How does he | she look? Why does he | she
look so?
Do you know the Tale of Alionushka and her Brother Ivanushka? What is this tale
about? Who are the main characters? Which characters are positive and which ones
are negative?
Do you know the myth about Psyche and Cupid? What is it about? Who are the
main characters? Which characters are positive and which ones are negative?
(Read the tale | the myth and retell it, using active words and phrases)
If you were an artist, what would you paint to illustrate this tale | myth?
If you were the main character of this tale | myth, what would you do in his place?
Can you continue the story the picture is based on? Suggest your own story based on
the picture.
Both stories have happy-ends. Do you know other stories with happy-ends?
• Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, (29
September 1571 – 18 July 1610) was an
Italian artist active in Rome, Naples, Malta
and Sicily between 1593 and 1610,
considered the first great representative of
the Baroque school of painting. Few artists
in history have exercised as extraordinary an
influence as this tempestuous and shortlived painter. Caravaggio was destined to
turn a large part of European art away from
the ideal viewpoint of the Renaissance to
the concept that simple reality was of
primary importance. He was one of the first
to paint people as ordinary looking.
• Medusa Gorgons
Gorgons were three sisters Stheno, Euryale,
and Medusa. Only Medusa was mortal, two
others were immortal. They had snakes on
the heads instead of hair, and one look at
their faces turned anyone into stone.
Perseus, a Greek hero, with the help of gods
killed sleeping Medusa and cut off her
head, which nevertheless continued to be
dangerous and turn into stone anyone who
dared to look at it.
Discussion:
• Look at the picture (Medusa Gorgons) and describe it using the following
words and phrases:
unusual
sad
fantastic
serious
strange
snakes on the heads instead of hair
terrible expression
• Do you like it? Why?
• What do you know about this character?
• Do you know the myth about Medusa Gorgons?
Exercises:
1. Open the brackets using Past Indefinite
Gorgons were three sisters Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa. Only Medusa (to be) mortal,
two others (to be) immortal. They (to have) snakes on the heads instead of hair, and
one look at their faces (to turn) anyone into stone. Perseus, a Greek hero, with the
help of gods (kill) sleeping Medusa and (to cut off) her head, which nevertheless
continued to be dangerous and turn into stone anyone who dared to look at it.
2. True or false?
o Gorgons were two sisters
o Only Medusa was mortal
o They had snakes instead of hands
o One look at their faces turned anyone into tree
o Perseus, a Roman hero, with the help of gods killed sleeping Medusa
• The Alkonost and Sirin; The Birds of Joy and Sorrow by
Victor Vasnetsov
• The Alkonost and Sirin
The Alkonost is a legendary bird in Slavic mythology. It has the body of a bird with the
head and chest of a woman. The name Alkonost came from the name of Greek demigoddess Alcyone transformed by gods into a kingfisher. The Alkonost reproduces by
laying eggs on the sea-shore then putting them into the water. The sea is then calm for
six or seven days at which point the eggs hatch, bringing a storm. For the Russian
Orthodox Church Alkonost personifies God's will. She lives in paradise but goes into
our world to deliver a message. Her voice is so sweet that anybody hearing it can
forget everything. Unlike Sirin, another similar creature, she is not evil.
Sirin is a mythological creature of Russian legends, with the head and chest of a beautiful
woman and the body of a bird. These half-women half-birds are loosely based on the
Greek stories about sirens. They sang beautiful songs to the saints, foretelling future
joys. For mortals, however, the birds were dangerous. Men who heard them would
forget everything on earth, follow them, and ultimately die. People would attempt to
save themselves from Sirins by shooting cannons, ringing bells and making other loud
noises to scare the bird off.
to personify [pə:’sənifai]– олицетворять
to deliver [di’livə’] – доставлять, передавать
loosely [‘lu:sili ]– приблизительно
mortal [mə:tl]– смертный
ultimately [‘лltimətli] – в конце концов
cannon [‘kænən] - пушка
Discussion:
1.
2.
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3.
4.
Look at the picture. Describe it.
What do you know about this character? How do they look?
Compare two characters, their appearance, emotions
Unusual
Happy
Kind
Sad
Unreal
Proud
Fantastic
Magic
Free
Strange
Quiet
Lonely
Alone
Lively
Lonely
Serious
Do you know the myth about The Alkonost and Sirin?
Do you know some other stories with mythological characters?
Exercises:
• True or false?
o The Alkonost is a legendary animal in Slavic mythology
o The Alkonost reproduces by laying wings on the sea-shore then putting them into the
water
o It has the body of a bird with the head and chest of a woman
o She lives in forest but goes into our world to deliver a message
o Her voice is so bad that anybody hearing it can forget everything
• Tag – questions
o Sirin is a mythological creature of Russian legends, … ?
o Sirin has the head and chest of a beautiful woman and the body of a bird, … ?
o These half-women half-birds are based on the Greek stories about sirens, … ?
o They sang beautiful songs to the saints, foretelling future joys, … ?
o Men who heard them would forget everything on earth,
o follow them, and ultimately die, … ?
Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (June 6, 1599 – August 6, 1660) was a Spanish
painter who was the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV. He was an
individualistic artist of the contemporary baroque period, important as a portrait artist.
In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he
painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family, other notable European figures
and commoners.
From the first quarter of the nineteenth
century, Velázquez's artwork was a
model for the realist and impressionist
painters, in particular Édouard Manet.
Since that time, more modern artists,
including Spain's Pablo Picasso and
Salvador Dalí, as well as the Anglo-Irish
painter Francis Bacon, have paid
tribute to Velázquez by recreating
several of his most famous works.
Arachne was a Lydian girl, who was famous for
her great talent for weaving. She liked to boast
that she was the best weaver in the world. All
people in the town wanted to know, who had
given Arachne her gift. They thought that it was
Athena, a wise goddess of weaving. Athena,
looking like an old lady, appeared in the town.
She wanted to compete with Arachne in the art of
weaving. Arachne agreed. She made a wonderful
work and everyone thought that it was even better
than Athena’s one. But the goddess decided that it
was offensive for the gods of the Olympus
mountain and punished Arachne. Arachne was
turned into a spider for being boastful.
Examples of the exercises:
Add tags to the sentences:
Arachne could weave well, …………………………?
Athena can’t be right, …………………………..?
Arachne can be nice when she wants, ……………………..?
Athena couldn’t help Arachne, ……………………………..?
Arachne could be more attentive to the goddess, …………………….?
Athena can’t be famous for her silliness, …………………………?
You can’t find such hardworking girls now,…………………….?
The story could take place in Moscow,………………………….?
Arachne can win easily, ……………………………?
It could be a rather sad story, ……………………………………?
Between or among?
Arachne was the best ………………… all the girls.
“They will choose ……………. you and me”- said Arachne.
…………………….. the gods Athena is the wisest.
“You are the most boastful girl …………………all I knew!” – said Athene.
There was a competition …………………… her and Athena.
Arachne is the silliest girl ………………………her friends.
Imagine the dialogue between Arachne and Athena.
Arrange the sentences in the correct order:
- You are hardworking, but silly. Gods are not pleased with you!
- You, boastful girl!
- She can do nothing, she’s just a goddess. There are no gods!
- Not even a bit!
- You are wrong. Wise Athena did!
- I’m right. I know it’s only my gift!
- Who gave you this talent?
- Nobody. It’s only mine.
- I’m Athena. Aren’t you ashamed?
What can be the moral of this story? Explain you choice.
Don’t be boastful.
Be ready to say that you are wrong.
Be hardworking, and everybody will be pleased with you.
Ivan Yakovlevich Bilibin (August 16, 1876 – February 7,
1942) was one of the most influential 20th-century
illustrators and stage designers who took part in the Mir
iskusstva and contributed to the Ballets Russes. Throughout
his career, he was strongly inspired by Slavic folklore.
Ivan Bilibin was born in a suburb of St. Petersburg. He
studied first in 1898 at Anton Aschbe Art School in Munich,
then under Ilya Repin in St. Peterburg. In 1902-1904 Bilibin
traveled in the Russian North, where he became fascinated
with old wooden architecture and Russian folklore. He
published his findings in the monograph Folk Arts of the
Russian North in 1904. Another major influence on his art
was traditional Japanese prints.
Bilibin gained renown in 1899, when he released his
innovative illustrations of Russian fairy tales. During the
Russian Revolution of 1905, he executed revolutionary
cartoons. He was also the designer for the 1909 première
production of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov's The Golden
Cockerel. The October Revolution, however, proved alien to
him. After brief stints in Cairo and Alexandria, he settled in
Paris in 1925. There he took to decorating private mansions
and Orthodox churches. He still longed for his homeland
and, after decorating the Soviet Embassy in 1936, he
returned to Soviet Russia. He delivered lectures in the Soviet
Academy of Arts until 1941. Bilibin died during the Siege of
Leningrad.
Ivan Tsarevitch was the youngest son of a
tsar. They lived in a beautiful palace and
there were a lot of flowers and trees in
the garden. And one tree the tsar liked
most of all – a wonderful apple tree with
golden apples. But every night a firebird
came and stole apples from the tree. The
tsar asked Ivan Tsarevitch to catch the
bird. So, at night Ivan went to the
garden. He saw the firebird and got its
feather. The feather shone brightly and
the tsar liked it very much. He wanted to
get the bird and promised Ivan that he
would give him all his country if he
brings the bird. Tsarevitch made a longlong way and met a grey wolf, who
showed him the way to the garden where
the firebird lived. After a lot of dangers
Ivan could get the firebird. He also met
the love of all his life and married her!
Examples of the exercises:
Describe the picture using the word combinations:
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make-believe
a fantastic world
magic wolf
unusual story
appeared in the garden
a silly tsar
suddenly got the firebird
proud of his son
Fill in with “say” or “tell” in the correct form:
•
•
•
•
•
The tsar ………………his son to bring the firebird.
The tsar …………………that his son could get all his country
The wolf ……………………that he would kill Ivan’s horse.
The wolf ………………..that he wanted to help him.
Ivan Tsarevitch …………….. his father that he would get the bird.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel
( 1856-1910)
He is usually regarded as the greatest Russian painter of the Symbolist movement.
In reality, he deliberately stood aloof from contemporary art trends, so that the
origin of his unusual manner should be sought in the Late Byzantine and Early
Renaissance painting.
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Vrubel
• Vrubel was born in the Omsk city (Siberia), in a military lawyer's family and graduated
from the Law Faculty of St Petersburg University in 1880. Next year he entered the
Imperial Academy of Arts, where he studied under direction of Pavel Tchistyakov.
Even in his earliest works, he exhibited striking talent for drawing and highly
idiosyncratic outlook. Although he still relished academic monumentality, he would
later develop a penchant for fragmentary composition and "unfinished touch".
• In 1884, he was summoned to replace the lost 12th-century murals and mosaics in the
St. Cyril's Church of Kiev with the new ones. In order to execute this commission, he
went to Venice to study the medieval Christian art. It was here that, in the words of
an art historian, "his palette acquired new strong saturated tones resembling the
iridescent play of precious stones". Most of his works painted in Venice have been
lost, because the artist was more interested in creative process than in promoting his
artwork.
• In 1886, he returned to Kiev, where he submitted some monumental designs to the
newly-built St Volodymir Cathedral. The jury, however, failed to appreciate the
striking novelty of his works, and they were rejected. At that period, he executed some
delightful illustrations for Hamlet and Anna Karenina which had little in common
with his later dark meditations on the Demon and Prophet themes.
• In 1905 he created the mosaics on the hotel "Metropol" in Moscow, the centre piece
of the facade overlooking Teatralnaya Ploschad is taken by the mosaic panel, 'Princess
Gryoza' (Princess of Dream).
Swan Princess.
1900. Oil on canvas. The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
The Swan Princess (1900) is
evasively and inexpressibly beautiful in
her glimmering garments shining with
mother-of-pearl and sparkling with
precious stones.
The composition is so constructed as
to give the impression of glancing into
a fairy-tale world where a magic swanmaiden has just appeared and is about
to disappear again, floating away
towards a distant mysterious shore.
The last beams of sunshine play on her
snowy white feathers, producing a
rainbow of colours. The maiden is
turning, her delicate face looks sad,
and there is a mysterious mixture of
melancholy and loneliness in her eyes.
The Swan Princess is one of Vrubel's
most enticing and heartfelt feminine
images.
Fairy-tale about Tsar Saltan
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The story is of three sisters, of whom the youngest is chosen by Tsar Saltan to be his wife, while
he makes the other two his royal cook and royal weaver. They are jealous, of course, and when
the tsarina gives birth to a son, Prince Gvidon, they arrange to have her and her child ordered to
be shut up in a barrel and thrown into the sea. The sea itself takes pity on them, and they are cast
up on the shore of an island, Buyan. The son, having quickly grown while in the barrel, goes
hunting. However, he ends up saving a beautiful swan from a kite. The swan creates a city for
Prince Gvidon to rule, but he is homesick, and the swan turns him into a mosquito. In this guise
he visits Tsar Saltan's court, where he stings his aunt's eye and escapes.
Back in his distant realm, the swan gives Gvidon a magical squirrel. But he continues to pine for
home, so the swan transforms him into a fly, and in the Tsar's court he stings the eye of his other
aunt. In a third round he becomes a bee and stings the nose of his grandmother. In the end, he
expresses a desire for a bride instead of his old home, upon which the swan is revealed to be a
beautiful princess, whom he marries. He is visited by the Tsar, who is overjoyed to find his wife
and newly-married son.
Weaver [ ‘wi:və]- ткачиха
Bride [braid]- невеста
Guise [ gaiz ]- облик
Barrel [ bǽrəl ]- бочка
Realm [ relm]- королевство
Kite [ ΄kait ] - коршун
Homesick [ ‘həumsik]- тоскующий по дому
Mosquito [ mə΄ski:təu ]-москит, комар
Exercises
Describe the picture using such words and
expressions as :
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•
•
•
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•
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good at magic
kind
help
feel lonely
beautiful
appear
disappear
huge wings
unhappy
look strange
pretend
free
grace
wise
attentive
Complete tag questions
1) The Swan princess can be good at magic,…….?
2) She helped Prince Gvidon,………..?
3) The Swan princess doesn’t feel lonely…………..?
4) She can be wise, ………..?
5)The swan creates a city for Prince Gvidon,……….?
Open the brackets using The Past Simple.
• The story (to be) about three sisters. Tsar Saltan ( to marry) the youngest of
them. Later the tsarina (to give) birth to a son, Prince Gvidon. She and her son
( to be ) shut up in a barrel and thrown into the sea. Then they ( to find)
themselves on the island. Her son (to grow). Later Prince Gvidon ( to meet) a
swan. He ( to save) the swan from a kite. The swan ( to be) wise and good at
magic. Then the swan ( to turn into ) a beautiful princess. And Prince Gvidon (
to marry) her.
Ivan Tsarevich riding the Gray Wolf by Viktor Vasnetsov
1889
The picture “ Ivan Zarevich on the Grey Wolf”
was painted in 1889. It represents an episode
from the Russian fairy-tale about Ivan Zarevich, a
Fire-bird and a Grey Wolf. Trying to show beauty
of the world of folk fantasy and folk ideas about
beauty and happiness. Vasnetsov used symbolic
meanings of images of the folk poetry. In this
picture you can see huge trunks of trees which
look like fantastic giants. Through these trees we
can see the light of the daybreak. There is a bog
with water-lilies which conceal danger. The
characters are surrounded by the atmosphere of
alarm and sorrow. They will have unhappiness
and a day of parting. On the front background
you can see an apple-tree which has bloomed. It
symbolizes love which is able to make wonders.
And it is a sign of the happy end in the fairy-tale.
• Answer the questions:
• 1. Have you read the fairy-tale “Ivan Tsarevich, a Fire-bird and
a Grey Wolf”?
• 2. Do you know the plot of the fairy-tale?
• 3. How does Ivan Tsarevich look like?
• 4. How does Helen look like? Describe her.
• 5. What is the wolf doing? Describe him.
• 6. Where are these three characters situated?
• 7. What kind of tree is next to them?
• 8. Do you know what symbolizes a blooming tree in the
picture?
• 9. Is the wolf a positive character in the fairy-tale? Can you
prove it?
• 10. Does the fairy-tale have a happy end?
Which characteristics refer to
Ivan Tsarevich, Helen, a Grey Wolf
• beautiful
• run fast
• wise
• strong
• look sad
• try to save
Grammar Practice
Open the brackets using the Past Continuous.
• While the two oldest sons ( to sleep) the fire-bird stole
apples.
• Ivan Tsarevitch ( to sit) under the apple tree when he
saw a fire-bird.
• While Ivan Tsarevich ( to catch) a fire-bird it flew
away.
• When Ivan ( to wait for) a fire-bird it didn’t return.
• While he ( to try) to find a fire-bird his oldest brothers
wanted to prevent Ivan from finding it.
IVAN NIKOLAYEVICH KRAMSKOY
(1837-1887)
• The best and brightest period in the development of Russian art is closely connected
with the name of Kramskoy. He is known not only as a talented artist but an
outstanding art critic and public figure as well.
• I.N. Kramskoy was born in 1837 in Voronezh Gubernia. His parents were poor and
he had to start earning his living very early. On arriving in St. Petersburg in 1857, he
was soon admitted to the Academy of Arts. While studying in the Academy he was
against the teaching methods of arts and headed a group of fourteen students who
refused to paint pictures on traditional themes proposed by their teachers. Later on
he became an organizer of the Association of Travelling Artists (Peredvizhniki).
• Kramskoy created many great paintings which are an important part of Russian art.
His excellent canvases such as "The Stranger," "Christ in the Desert," "Mermaids" are
among the best treasures of Russian culture.
• Kramskoy is also known for his portraits of his famous contemporaries: writers, poets,
painters and actors. As a portrait painter Kramskoy shows a great ability of
understanding and revealing the inner world of his models. He is a great master of
realistic and psychological portraits.
Mermaids
Mermaids are the fantastic creatures of the famous novel “the night of May” by
Gogol. It was painted in 1871. The main character of this novel Levko saw them
in his dream. Kramskoy painted them from imagination. Besides he developed
his own style of painting-so all his works are shining inside. This piece of art is
distinguished by a marvelous sense of color and composition.
Exercises:
Ex.1. Answer the following questions:
•
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•
•
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•
•
•
•
•
1. What is the name of Kramskoy connected with?
2. When was he born?
3. Why did he have to start earning his living very early?
4. Where did he study?
5. What did Kramskoy and his supporters demand from their teachers?
6. What association did he organize?
7. What were his most famous pictures?
8. Why was he so important as a portrait painter?
9.What is your favourite picture by Kramskoy? Why?
10. Who is the main character of “The night of May”?
Ex. 2. Explain the meaning of the prefixes in the following words:
• unthinkable; unusual; unknown; useless; shapeless; disproportion; impossible.
• Ex. 3. Match suitable adjectives from A to the nouns in B:
A
General
Brilliant
Sharp
Incomplete
Careful
Infinite
Perfect
Masterful
B
details
handling
sketches
outlines
pictures
gradation of tone
execution
colourist
effect
• Ex. 4. Translate:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
— Я знаю, что вчера вы были в картинной галерее. Вы получили удовольствие?
— Certainly. I enjoyed every minute of my stay there.
— Что вам больше всего понравилось?
— It is hard to say. There are so many pictures in the gallery that it is impossible to answer your question.
— Я думаю, что в такую картинную галерею надо пойти несколько раз. Вы согласны со
мной?
— Of course. I am going to the gallery tomorrow. I want to see the canvases of Russian avant-garde art once
more.
— Можно к вам присоединиться?
I'll be happy if you join me.
Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (1865-1911)
• Serov was born in St. Petersburg, son of the Russian composer Alexander Serov. In
his childhood the future artist was steeped in an artistic atmosphere: not only
musicians, but also artists such as Mark Antokolsky and Ilya Repin were visitors to the
house, and Alexander Serov himself was an ardent amateur artist. In his childhood
he studied in Paris and Moscow under Ilya Repin and in the St. Petersburg Academy
of Arts (1880–1885) under Pavel Chistyakov.
• The greatest works of Serov's early period were portraits: The Girl with Peaches (1887),
and The Girl Covered by the Sun (1888), both in the Tretyakov Gallery.
• From 1890 on, the portrait became the basic genre in Serov's art.
The last years of Serov's life were marked by works on themes from classical
mythology. While addressing images from the ancient tradition, Serov endowed
classical subject matter with a personal interpretation.
• In May 1907 Serov went to Greece, which impressed his very much. He admired the
old monuments, temples and thief sizes. He tried to create the characters of the
legend myth, the beauty of the history of Ellada. The artist created The Rape of
Europe in 1910. It was made by means of oil on canvas. But as for me I don’t really
like it. To my mind we can’t even compare it with “The girl with the peaches”.
The Rape of Europe
• According to the myth Europa
was daughter of a king; Zeus
saw her when she was playing
with her companions on the
beach at Sidon. He was filled
with love for her beauty and
transformed himself into a
gorgeous bull. In this form he
lay down at Europa’s feet.
After she had overcome her
fright, she caressed the bull
and even sat upon its back.
The bull immediately rose to
his feet, made for the sea, and
swam away. They reached
Crete. Europa had three sons
by Zeus: Minos, Sarpedon and
Rhadamanthys.
Exercises:
Ex.1. Find and read the words before the text:
•
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composer [kəm'pəυzə] композитор
genre ['ʒɒnrə] жанр; манера, стиль
theme [θi:m] тема, предмет (разговора, сочинения)
ancient ['eɪnʃǝnt] древний; старинный, старый;
endow [ɪn'daυ] обеспечивать постоянным доходом;
завещать
rape [reɪp] поэт. похищение;
impress производить впечатление
childhood ['tʃaɪldhυd] детство;
companion [kəm'pænjən] товарищ;
gorgeous ['ɡɔ:dʒəs] ярко расцвеченный
immediately [ɪ'mi:dɪətlɪ] немедленно, тотчас же
Ex. 2 Answer the questions:
1. When and where was V.A. Serov born?
2. What was his father?
3. In what atmosphere was V. Serov steeped in his childhood?
4. Who were the famous artists visited his house?
5. Who were his teachers?
6. What were the greatest works of Serov's early period?
7. To which country did Serov go in May 1907?
8. Who was Europe according to the myth?
9.
Do you know who of Europe’s son ruled Crete?
Ex. 3 Describe the self-portrait of Serov
Ex. 4 Say as many sentences as you can, using the following substitution pattern:
•
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GainsboroughW.
HogarthRembrandtI.
RepinV. SerovI.
LevitanI.
ShishkinK.
Bruyllov
Morland
Aivasovski
is
an outstanding a painter of
a brilliant
a prominent
a famous
a well-known
a wonderful
the great
nature
pastoral picture
landscape
sea-scape
aristocracy
genre scenes
battle scenes
portraits
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot
(July 17, 1796– February 22, 1875)
• Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot was born in Paris
in 1796.
• Camille Corot was a French landscape painter.
• He preferred to paint out of doors. "… he was
born a traveler who was always on the move."
• At the same time he produced large historical
paintings, but it was his landscapes that
brought him fame and are best remembered.
• His manner of painting was full of mystery and
poetry. White, added liberally to all his colors,
gives the pictures a silvery look. His landscapes
had an influence on the Impressionists and built
his reputation in the eyes of the general public.
• He died in Paris on February 22, 1875, at the
age of 79.
Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot. Orpheus Leading Eurydice from the
Underworld. 1861. Oil on canvas. 113 x 137. The Museum of Fine Arts,
Houston, TX, USA.
Orpheus and Eurydice
•
Orpheus was a legendary singer, musician and poet. Orpheus
could sing so sweetly that wild beasts would follow him about; trees
and plants would bow him and the wildest of men would become
gentle. Orpheus is the hero of several myths.
•
The most famous myth about Orpheus is about his descent into
the Underworld to bring back his wife Eurydice. Eurydice was a
Nymph, one day she stepped on a snake, which bit her, and the
Nymph died. Orpheus went down to the Underworld to find his wife.
With his music he charmed the Underworld gods. Hades and
Persephone agreed to return Eurydice to the world of light, but
Orpheus was to go alone, his wife would follow him, but he was not
to look back at her until they left the Underworld. He had almost
reached daylight when he turned around to check. Eurydice fainted
and died again. Orpheus was not admitted to the Underworld for the
second time.
In his grief Orpheus was wandering around the world, singing
sad songs.
Exersises:
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1. read and remember the new words:
landscape ['lændskeɪp] n ландшафт, пейзаж
(to be) on the move [mu:v] (быть) на ногах, в движении
produce v [prə'dju:s] производить; создавать;
fame [feɪm] n слава, известность; репутация
mystery ['mɪstǝrɪ] n тайна;
silvery ['sɪlvǝrɪ] a серебристый
influence ['ɪnflυəns] n влияние
Impressionist [ɪm'preʃənist] n Импрессионист
Orpheus ['ɔ:fɪəs] Орфей
descent [dɪ'sent] n спуск; снижение;
Underworld ['ʌndəwɜ:ld] n Преисподняя
Eurydice[] Эвридика
Nymph [nɪmf] n Нимфа
Hades ['heɪdi:z] Гадес
faint [feɪnt] n обморок, потеря сознания;
admit [əd'mɪt] v допускать, впускать
grief [ɡri:f] n горе, печаль
•
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2. Ttue or false?
Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot was born in Moscow.
Camille Corot was the founder of new style in Russian painting.
Camille Corot preferred to paint at home.
Corot’s landscapes brought him fame and are best remembered.
His landscapes had an influence on the Impressionists.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
3. Answer the questions:
1)Who was Orpheus? Tell what he could do.
2)Who stepped on the snake?What did the snake do?
3)Why did Orpheus go down to the Underworld?
4)Who was the Underworld gods?Name them.
5)Why did Eurydice faint and die again?
6)What songs did Orpheus sing?
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4. Say whom in the story you can describe as:
Naughty Kind
Sad
Wicked
Talented Honest
Charming Wise
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5. What is missing?
a Persephone b snake c Orpheus
d Eurydice e Underworld f Nymph
1)…. was a legendary singer, musician and poet.
2) Eurydice stepped on a …, which bit her, and the she died.
3) Eurydice was a …
4) Orpheus went down to the …..
5) Hades and …. agreed to return Eurydice.
6) ….fainted and died again.
Victor Vasnetsov
(1848-1926)
•
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•
Son of a clergyman, Victor Mikhailovich Vasnetsov
prepared himself for the same career, but the love for art
brought the 19-year-old student to St. Petersburg's
Academy of Arts.
Vasnetsov tried himself in historical genre. He borrowed
the subjects from ancient history After Prince Igor's Battle
with the Polovtsy. He found another source of subjects in
Russian mythology – legends, ballads, fairy-tales; his very
soul was steeped in the poetry of Russian epic literature.
Thus he became the founder of new style in Russian
painting.
The most significant work was the decoration of the
Cathedral of St. Vladimir in Kiev. He painted the walls with
the images of princes Vladimir, Alexander Nevsky,
Princess Olga, and other outstanding figures from Russian
history.
During the last 20 years of his life Vasnetsov turned to his
favorite lyrical subjects inspired by Russian fairy-tales.
These include Three Bogatyrs , The Frog Tsarevna , The
Tale of the Sleeping Beauty, and the Unsmiling Tsarevna.
His painting influenced greatly the development of
modernism and symbolism in Russian painting and poetry.
Victor Vasnetsov. The Frog Tsarevna. 1918. Oil on canvas. The
Victor Vasnetsov Memorial Museum, Moscow. Russia
The Frog Tsarevna
•
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•
•
The Frog Tsarevna is a Russian folk-tale. Three sons of the tzar, wishing to
find wives shoot arrows in different directions: the first son’s arrow fell in the
yard of a nobleman, he married the nobleman’s daughter; the second son’s
arrow fell on a merchant’s yard, he married the merchant’s daughter; the
third son’s arrow flew away to the swamps and was picked up by a frog. Of
course it was enchanted princess Vasilisa the Wise.
The king then assigns his three prospective daughters-in-law various tasks,
such as spinning cloth and baking bread. In every task the frog far outdoes
the lazy brides-to-be of the older brothers; she uses magic to accomplish
the tasks, the other brides attempt to emulate her and can not do the magic.
Still, the young prince is ashamed of his froggy bride, until she is magically
transformed into a princess.
The last test is dancing, with the frog bride having shed her skin; the prince
then burns it, to her dismay. If he had waited, she would have been free, but
he has lost her. He then sets out to find her again and meets up with Baba
Yaga. She tells him that Koschei has his bride captive, and how to find the
magic needle, without which Koschei will be helpless.
After many dangerous adventures and a series of quests the youngest
prince Ivan Tsarevich managed to change her into a girl again.
Exersises:
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1. Read and remember the new words:
clergyman ['klɜ:dʒɪmən] n священник
ancient ['eɪnʃǝnt] a древний;античный
battle ['bætl] n битва, сражение
epic ['epɪk] эпический ; героический
cathedral [kə'θi:drǝl] n собор
modernism ['mɒdənɪzǝm] n модернизм
symbolism ['sɪmbəlɪzǝm] n символизм
arrow ['ærəυ] n стрела
nobleman ['nəυblmən] n дворянин
merchant ['mɜ:tʃǝnt] n купец
swamp [swɒmp] n болото
enchanted [ɪn'tʃɑ:ntid] заколдованный
quest [kwest] n поиски;
• 2. In each line there is a word that does not go with
the others. Can you find it?
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Frog Tsarevna; Ivan Tsarevich; Orpheus; Tzar;
Persephone; Hades; Three Bogatyrs; Nymph;
Alexander Nevsky; Princess Olga; Kiev; Prince Igor;
Underworld; Hades; Persephone; Eurydice;
Symbolism; modernism; impressionism; battle;
Prince Vladimir; Cathedral; Baba Yaga; Frog Tsarevna;
Princess; Tzar; Prince; Nymph;
Legend; ballad; modernism; fairy-tale.
•
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3. True or false?
1) The Frog Tsarevna is a French folk-tale.
2) The Frog Tsarevna was enchanted princess Vasilisa the Wise.
3) Ivan Tsarevich was the oldest son of the tzar.
4) Vasilisa the Wise was the nobleman’s daughter.
5) It was the tzar who managed to change her into a girl again.
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4. Say whom in the story you can describe as:
Wise
Fast
Beautiful
Lazy
Honest
Hardworking
Slow
Brave
Wicked
Kind
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