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Geography of South America

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Geography
of South
America
GPS: SS6G1.a-b
• A. Locate on a regional
political map selected
countries of Latin America.
• B. Locate on a regional
physical map selected
physical features of Latin
America.
E. Q.
How can I locate and label selected
countries and physical features of Latin
America?
Activator
What are physical features?
Physical Features
Mexico
Central
America
Caribbean
Islands
South
America
• The Andes
Mountains
stretch
Andes Mountains
over 5,000 miles along South
America’s west coast.
• It is the longest continuing
mountain range on the earth’s
surface.
• Has the highest peak in the
Western Hemisphere.
• The plains
in
southern
South
Beyond the Andes
America are called the
Pampas.
• Pampas – flat area with few
trees
Amazon River
• The Amazon River flows near 4,000 miles
from the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean.
• No other river carries as much water to the
ocean.
• Deforestation is the process of cutting and
clearing awayDeforestation
trees from a forest.
•
This increases the amount
of CO2 in the air.
•
Some believe this
contributes to
global warming.
Atacama Desert
• The Atacama Desert is located between the
Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains in
northern Chile. It is the driest region in the
world.
Patagonia
• Patagonia is a
region in southern
Chile and southern
Argentina between
the Andes
Mountains and the
Atlantic Ocean. It is
made up of dry
plains and plateaus.
Review Questions
1. What is significant (important) about
the Andes Mountains?
2. What is the source of the Amazon River
and where does it flow?
3. What is deforestation?
4. What have been some major causes
and effects of deforestation in the rain
forest?
Panama Canal
• Located on the Isthmus of
Panama, the Panama Canal
links the Atlantic and Pacific
Oceans.
Climate
• The Tropical
Zone is located
between 23°27’
north and 23°27’
south.
• This is the area
between the
Tropic of Cancer
and Tropic of
Capricorn.
El Nino
• A natural weather condition that causes
heavy rain and flooding during the
Christmas time of year.
Rainforests
Where are Rainforest?
• Rainforests are located
between the Tropic of
Cancer and the Tropic of
Capricorn.
• This area is called the
"tropics".
• The tropics is the 3,000
mile wide band around
the equator.
Amazon Rainforest
• The Amazon is the worlds
largest tropical rainforest
covering 2.3 million miles.
• 65% of the Amazon is a
jungle.
• 35% of the Amazon is made
up of grassland.
• The Amazon Rainforest gets nine
feet of rain every year (rains
almost everyday).
• 20% of the earth's oxygen is
produced by the Amazon
Rainforest.
• The Amazon Rainforest is also
known as the "Lungs of our
Planet."
• The Amazon is
home to 14,712
different species of
animals.
• Over 60,000
different plants are
native to the
Amazon.
• 4,000 types of trees
are grown in the
rainforest.
• The rain forest provide food, water,
natural rubber, medicinal plants,
and other products.
• Problems
– Soil exhaustion (soil has lost the nutrients)
– Deforestation
Who Lives in the Amazon?
• Hundreds of years ago, many Indians, or
indigenous peoples, lived in the
Amazon.
• Most lived along rivers, where canoes made
transportation easy.
Who else lives there now?
• Conquistadors
• Mestizos
• Aborigines
• Gringos (people from North America and Europe)
Layers of the Rainforest
• Emergent's: Top layer. It houses most of the
birds and insects.
• Canopy: Home to many different types of
birds, insects, reptiles, mammals, and more.
Under story: A cool environment under the
leaves which is where you can find many
animals.
• Forest floor: Many animals live here. It is
ground level.
Rainforest Fun Facts
• There are two types of rainforests the
temperate and the tropical. Tropical rainforests
are found close to the equator. Temperate
rainforests are found along coasts of the United
States.
• Every second, 1 1/2 acres of land are lost
every day because human are destroying and
ruining them.
• Every day, we are losing about 137 different
types of plant, animal, and insect species.
• A medicine man is somebody who believed to
heal others by using supernatural powers,
especially among Native American people.
•
• Most medicine men are over the age of 70.
• When a medicine man passes away,
thousands of years of irreplaceable information
is lost.
• More than 10 million species of animals can be
found in the rainforest.
• One hectare of land contains over 1,500
species of plants.
• The Amazon covers over a billion acres!
• In the past, there were over 10 million Indians.
• Today, there are only about 200,000 left.
Review Questions
1. Where are rainforest located?
2. What percentage of the Amazon in
jungle?
3. The Amazon rainforest produces
___% of the worlds Oxygen.
4. What are indigenous people?
5. What are the four layers of the
rainforest? What do you find in each
one?
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