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Renewable Energy in Armenia

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Renewable Energy in Armenia
•
•
TAMARA BABAYAN
Director of R2E2 Fund
Feasible Potential of Renewable Resources in Armenia
Hydro
Resources
250-300MW
Wind
resources
300500MW
Solar
resource
>1000MW
•
•
TAMARA BABAYAN
Director of R2E2 Fund
• Geotherma
l resources
• 25-50 MW
Technical Potential for Selected RETes
Technical Potential of Selected
Renewable Energy Technologies
2010
2015
2020
Small Hydro Power Projects
Generation capacity in place [MW]
102,5
179
216,5
Investment cost installed [USD/kW]
500-700
1200
1500
Production costs [USD Cent/kWh]
3,3-4,9
6
7.4
Wind Power
Generation capacity in place [MW]
2.6
102.4
302.4
Investment cost installed [USD/kW]
2100
2040
2000
Production costs [USD Cent/kWh]
10.3
10.8
11.8
Photovoltaics
Generation capacity in place [MW]
0.1
0.3
1
Investment cost installed [USD/kW]
6000
5000
2700
47
38
24
Generation capacity in place [MW]
0
0
25
Investment cost installed [USD/kW]
0
0
3000
Production costs [USD Cent/kWh]
0
0
6.75
Production costs [USD Cent/kWh]
Geothermal
Base Growth Case for the Development of RETs in Armenia
7
Current Situation
Generating units
Number of plants
Capacity, MW
Annual Production,
GWh
SHPP
111
149
482
Wind
1
2,64
5,0
Biomass
1
0,835
5,9
Solar PV
1
0,01
0,015
Total
114
152,49
492,92
SHPP in
construction
80
154
578
Wind PP in
construction
2
19,05
30,1
116
325,54
1101,02
ALL
8
Policy Incentives
• Guaranteed purchase of produced electricity within
15 years after commissioning /production license/
• Fixed tariff
– SHPP /natural flow/ -19.551 AMD/kWh - $0.052
– SHPP /irrigation/ - 13.033 AMD/kWh -$0.035
– SHPP /drinking water/ - 8.69 /kWh -$0.023
– Wind – 35.339 AMD/kWh – $0.093
– Biomass – 37.446 AMD/kWh -$0.1
• End user tariff /population/- 30 AMD/kWh (day)$0.08; 20AMD/kWh night - $0.054
9
Barrier Removal and Facilitation
Barrier
Facilitation
INFORMATIONAL
Identification of Barriers
R2E2 has identified and submitted to Government
special Task Force
Information on potential sites
R2E2 has updated SHPP scheme of Armenia
Information on technologies and market
TA programs financed by IFIs
TECHNOLOGICAL
Lack of water merits points
SHPP scheme
Capacity of engineering design
TA of IFIs, local bank experts
Lack of equipment in local market
Local production facilities including GRP pypes
FINANCING
Exaggerated risk of investment
IFIs involvement
Collateral
Installed equipment serve as collateral
Lack of long-term loans
IFIs support
High interest rate
IFIs10support
Financing Opportunities
• R2E2 Fund – WB $5mln., EBRD $7mln., Local Bank
$3mln., co-financing >30%, actual $28 mln. -26
SHPP
• R2E2 Revolving – $9.2 mln.
• IFC/FMO – 15 SHPPs (about 22 mln. USD)
• KFW – 1st tranche – 14 SHPPs – 6 mln. Euro
• KFW – 2nd tranche 11 mln. Euro AA SHPPs
11
Forests-10%
Gas-0%
Oil-0%
Coal-0%
• Renewable is not
only energy security
but also National
security for my
country
Energy Efficiency
• Enhance energy security – ~97% of primary energy
sources are imported
• Ease budget constraints – energy costs are generally
highest cost
• Improve comfort levels – survey results show average
comfort levels in social buildings ~40%
• Mitigate impacts of ongoing pricing reforms – gas prices
increased ~58% from 2008 to 2010; electricity also
increased 20% (daytime), 33% (nighttime)
• IFI lending opportunities for industrial energy efficiency
13
OPPORTUNITIES – Energy Efficiency
• Enhance energy security – ~97% of primary energy
sources are imported
• Ease budget constraints – energy costs are generally
highest cost
• Improve comfort levels – survey results show average
comfort levels in social buildings ~40%
• Mitigate impacts of ongoing pricing reforms – gas prices
increased ~58% from 2008 to 2010; electricity also
increased 20% (daytime), 33% (nighttime)
• IFI lending opportunities for industrial energy efficiency
14
R2E2 Fund - OUR CURRENT AND NEW ACTIVITIES
• On-going activities
• Biomass investment plan preparation
• Geothermal surveys in potential sites
• Innovative financing of energy efficiency
• Procurement mechanism for public building EE
• Energy balance of Armenia
• New activities
• Run the SuperESCO mechanism
• EE services to demonstrate benefits and reduce risk for
private sector (Energy audit, EPC, Monitoring, Trainings
Risk Management)
• Climate Investment Fund SREP preparation
15
RENEWABLE RESOURCES AND ENERGY
EFFICIENCY FUND
•THANK YOU
Tamara Babayan
Director
Renewable Resources and Energy Efficiency Fund
[email protected]
www.r2e2.am; www.reweek.am
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