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1029.Partnership for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services

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Annex 1: Global institutions involved in facilitating energy access
(Excluding bilateral development agencies such as USAID or GIZ and corporations) Institution Acronym Central Location Primary Function Description
Institution
Acronym
Central Location
Primary Function
United Nations
System
UN
New York, USA;
Vienna, Austria;
Geneva,
Switzerland
Global Environment
Facility
GEF
Washington DC.
USA
International Energy
Agency
lEA
Paris, France
To establish a reporting system on oil prices
and create an emergency oil-sharing system
and to serve as a key information source on
energy
International
Renewable Energy
Agency
IRENA
Abu Dhabi, United
Arab Emirates
Charged with promoting renewable energy
among its 142 member countries
WCRE
Bonn, Germany
Promotes renewable energy through
information, agenda setting and networking.
World Council for
Renewable Energies
132
Description
Building international peace and security as
UN Secretariat and many UN agencies are
well as promoting social progress, better living working on various energy issues. The newly
standards and human rights
formed umbrella UN Energy is intended to
coordinate their efforts
As the world's largest public environmen1
fund, the GEF sponsors environmental projects,
through grants to developing countries, for
biodiversity, climate change, international
waters, deforestation and biodiversity loss.
GEF was made Independent of the World Bank
in 1994
GEF is the entrusted finander for projects br the
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate
Change as well as several other international
conventions relating to energy. It has so far
allocated almost $9 billion in funds induding $40
million as part of a Least Developed Countries
Fund for Oimate Change and the Special Oimate
Change Fund
The lEA has been relatively successful at
coordinating national action among oil
consuming countries, although membership
excludes such key oil consumers as China and
India. It is the primary producer of global energy
statistics and is moving to address broader
energy and climate topics
Although only about two years old, IRENA has
already begun developing a knowledge base of
best practices for renewable energy promotion,
providing policy advice, facilitating technology
transfer and financing and stimulating research
on all aspects of renewable energy
A precursor to IRENA, WCRE still plays a role
providing analysis on the international barriers
to renewable energy, providing advice on
renewable energy targets, evaluating the
performance
of commercially available
technologies and identifying best practices in
renewable energy promotion
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services
Institution
Acronym
Central Location
Global Energy
Network Institute
GENI
San Diego,
California
Asian Development
Bank
ADB
Manila, Philippines
European Bank for
Reconstruction and
Development
EBRD
African Development
Bank
AfOB
Abidjan, COte
d'lvoire
The Inter-American
Development Bank
IDB
Washington DC,
United States of
America
World BankGroup
WBG
Washington DC,
United States of
America
London, United
Kingdom of Great
Britain and
Northern Ireland
13 3
Primary Function
Description
Focuses on raising awareness about the benefits
Dedicated to promoting the interconnection of of high voltage interconnected electricity
national electric power networks so that
transmission
networks through research,
renewable energy resources can be integrated including electric power maps, simulations and
on a regional and global scale
visualizations developed in partnership with the
World Resources Simulation Center
The ADB has provided billions of dollars of
To facilitate economic development and reduce energy infrastructure lending and restructured
energy and electricity markets. Historically, ADB
poverty among its member countries
has invested in capital-intensive technologies and
fossil fuels, but there is some evidence of a shift
now in priorities to renewable energy and energy
efficiency
Supports projects in Eastern Europe anc
Provides loans for conventional infrastructure and
Central Asia by investing in private sector
electricity networks and also launched the
clients and encouraging free market
Sustainable Energy Initiative in 2006, with key
mechanisms
focus on investing about €6 billion in energy
effidency and deaner forms d energy supply
Invests in poverty reduction and sustainabl
Focused mostly on energy development and
development projects in its regional member
power sector reform, enhancing export
countries
opportunities for its members and increasing
equitable access to energy services
Aims to promote regional energy integration an
The multilateral development bank for Latin
investments in energy infrastructure, also
America and the Caribbean
launched a Sustainable Energy and Climate
Change Initiative in 2008 to offer $1 billion in
loans for energy efficiency, renewable electricity
and bio fuels
Umbrella organization, consisting of International
Much larger than the other multilatere~
Bank for Reconstruction and Development,
development organizations, the WBG offers
International Development Association,
billions of dollars of loans each year for energy
development, mostly in conventional (and fossil
International Rna nee Corporation, Multilateral
fueled) infrastructure. In recent decades, the
Investment Guarantee Agency and the
International Centre for Settlement of Investment World Bank has been looking into how to
Disputes, that funds and provides tedmical
improve energy access for developing countries,
expertise to development projects (wide ranging) in in a sustainable way
developing countries aimed at fighting poverty and
promoting foreign direct investment
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services
Institution
Acronym
Central Location
Primary Function
Organizaci6n
Latinoamericana de
Energla
OLADE
Quito, Ecuador
Developing energy security and sustainable
development for South America, Central
America and the Caribbean
Association of
Southeast Asian
Nations
ASEAN
Jakarta, Indonesia
Aims to unify the geopolitical region of
Southeast Asia and encourage economic
growth, social progress, political stability and
peace
Organization ofthe
Black Sea Economic
Cooperation
BESC
Istanbul, Turkey
Encourages economic and political interaction
and harmony between its 11 member states
around the Black Sea, with observer status
given to several other countries including the
United States of America
Southern African
Development
Community
SADC
Gaborone,
Botswana
Its 14 member states aim to develop regional
economies, reduce poverty and harmonize
economy and trade policies and have reduced
internal trade barriers and are working towards
a single currency
Asia-Pacific
Economic
Cooperation
APEC
Singapore
A non-binding intergovernmental group of21
economies, induding all Asian majors, whose
primary focus is to reduce trade barriers and
improve investments and exports among
members
134
Description
Initially conceived as a platform for encouraging
energy integration and created by the Lima
Agreement, OLADE now manages a number of
projects related to renewable energy and energy
efficiency planning, capacity building and training,
information S}'Stems and electridty development
Manages several energy centres and ministerial
meetings including a Council on Petroleum, an
Energy Research Centre and often brokers
bilateral and multilateral agreements between its
members and also between Southeast Asia and
major energy exporters and importers
Their plan of action on energy consists of ensuring
energy security for each other, integration of an
energy market through harmonizing legislation,
adopting best practices in environmental standards,
research, demonstration and investment in energy
efficiency, developing renewable energy and microgeneration and promoting regional energy exports
globally
The organization actively promotes larg-scale
electricity and transmission projects such as the
Southern African Power Plant Western Corridor
Transmission Project and other regional
electricity interconnections as well as a regional
petroleum and gas association between Angola,
Botswana and the Democratic Republic of the
Congo and coordinated rural energy planning
Set up the energy security initiative in 2000,
which includes data sharing and the Joint Oil
Data Initiative to counter supply disruptions.
Their S~ney declaration in 2007 focused on
climate change and energy security. Their action
agenda includes several goals such as improving
energy efficiency, increasing forest cover and
strengthening low-carbon energy technology
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services
Institution
South Asian
Association for
Regional Cooperation
Acronym
SAARC
Central Location
Kathmandu, Nepal
CAREC
Manila, Philippines
Central Asia Regional
Economic
Cooperation
International Energy
Forum
IEF
Riyadh, Saudi
Arabia
Renewable Energy
and Energy Efficiency
Partnership
REEEP
Vienna, Austria
Global Network on
Energy for Sustainable GNESD
Development
International Network ENERGIA
on Gender and
Sustainable Energy
Roskilde,
Denmark
Leusden,
Netherlands
13 5
Primary Function
Description
To facilitate trade and regional cooperation
between Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Bhutan, the
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, India,
Sri Lanka, Pakistan and the Maldives
Committed to a number of energy related goals
including strengthening South Asia's capacity to
address energy problems, enhancing energy trade,
establishing regional electricity grids and natural
gas pipelines and encouraging investments in
renewable energy and energy efficiency
A unique consortium funded by 8 nation;
Governments and 6 multilateral organizations
{including the ADB and WBG) dedicated to
redudng poverty and improving infrastructure
development
Although itsfirstsummitwas held in 1991 hosted
by France and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic
of), its formal secretariat was established
following the Osaka Announcement in 2002.1he
IEF is the world's largest recurring gathering of
energy ministers
To reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve
access to reliable and clean forms of energy in
developing countries and promote energy
efficiency
To serve as a knowledge network ol
developing world Centers of Excellence and
network partners whose main objective is reach
the UN's Millennium Development Goals
Informal international network working on
gender and sustainability issues. Modus
operandi is regionalization of activities through
networks.
Mobilizes about $2.4 billion in capital each year
to be invested in roads, transport, water and
electricity
Holds forums designed to focus attention on key
global energy issues and also coordinates the
Joint Oil Data Initiative along with efforts from
other organizations such as APEC, lEA, OPEC
andOLADE
Has formed partnerships with more than 12
Governments, banks, businesses, nongovernmental
organizations and IGOs and invested €16.4 million
in more than 145 projects. However, REEEP
implements only small-scale projects and lack of
permanent funding forces the agency to focus on the
short-term
Oriented to address energy access issues and promotE
renewable energy technologies that reduce poverty.
Mainly conducts workshops and publishes reports on
energy and poverty Asia, Africa and Latin America
Focused entirely on empowering rural and urba
women through the use of energy. ENERGIA
offers three types of primary assistance around
the world: placing gender and energy issues on
the international agenda for countries and
development institutions (including national
gender audits), building capacity on gender
integration and energy through training materials
and workshops and conducting research and
analysis on case studies and the gendered impacts
of energy production and use
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services
Institution
Acronym
Central Location
Primary Function
Description
Provides business incubation loans betwel
To improve access to electricity, sanitation and $1 0,000 and $100,000 aimed at procuring energy
drinking water
equipment and technology, providing education
and training on energy use and serving as seed
money for energy startup companies
Focuses on four areas: raising awareness about
Established as part of the Rio Convention,
Hjortshoj, Denmark INFORSE represents a network of 140 NGOs
sustainable energy use, promoting institutional
operating in 60 countries and is funded by a
reform among national Governments, building
mix of national Governments, multilateral
local and national capacity on energy related
issues and supporting research and development
institutions and civil society organizations. The
organization is dedicated to promoting
sustainable energy and social development
Also founded at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit,
Aims to create a platform for companies to
Geneva,
WBCSD is a global association of some 200
explore sustainable development best practices,
Switzerland
companies and 55 partner and regional
share knowledge and advocate business positions.
Also manages a variety of business sponsored
organizations dealing with business and
sustainable development that sees its primary projects including energy efficiency in buildings,
water, cement, electricity supply, forest products,
function as advocating for businesses and
mining and minerals and tires
influencing policy
Appropriate
Infrastructure
Development Group
AIDG
Boston, United
States of America
International Network
for Sustainable
Energy
IN FORSE
World Business
Council on
Sustainable
Development
WBCSD
Global Village
Energy Partnership
GVEP
London, UK
Energy Through
Enterprise
E+Co
Bloomfield, New
Jersey
Global Energy
Efficiency and
Renewable Energy
Fund
GEEREF
European
Investment Bank.
Luxembourg
136
Seeks to reduce poverty through accelerated
access to modern energy services through its
2,000-plus members which include a mix of
private companies, national Governments,
development agencies, multilateral financial
institutions and universities
Committed to forming partnerships from the
bottom up at the community and municipal level
to increase energy access and also build capacity
to adapt to climate change
Focuses on clean energy innovation ~
partnering multilateral financial institutions
with NGOs and the private sector through eight
international offices to implement projects in
20 developina countries
Provides debt and equity to support the expansion
of energy services to rural populations around the
world through the use of entrepreneurs
Created by the European Commission to
promote public-private partnerships in clean
energy through private equity funds to smalland medium-sized enterprises in emerging
economies
Has so far leveraged or disbursed about $200
million in more than 20 projects in the developing
world
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modem Energy Services
Institution
Acronym
Central Location
Primary Function
Small-Scale
Sustainable
Infrastructure
Development Fund
S~IDF
World Energy
Council
WEC
International Fund for
Agricultural
Development
IFAD
Rome, Italy
Combats rural hunger and poverty in
developing countries through low-interest loans
and direct assistance
Solar Electric light
Fund
SELF
Washington, DC,
United States of
America
Acumen Fund
AF
New York, United
States of America
Created to empower people in developing
countries to escape poverty harnessing energy
from the sun
Formed to reduce poverty by investing in social
enterprises and "breakthrough" ideas in the
health, water, housing, energy and agriculture
sectors
Global Alliance for
Clean Cook stoves
GACC
Washington, DC,
United States of
America
Green Climate Fund
GCF
Yansa Community
Interest Company
YCIC
Cambridge,
Massachusetts
London. United
Kingdom of Great
Britain and
Northern Ireland
Promotes a Social MerchantBank approach to
help local entrepreneurs create microenterprises that provide infrastructure services
to the poor
Charged with promoting sustainable energy
and energy access through research and
analysis, energy projections and
recommendations in 93 countries
Committed to saving lives, improving
livelihoods and addressing climate change by
creating a thriving global market for fuel
efficient cook stoves
A fund emerging from the Conference o
Parties {COP) climate change discussions at
Copenhagen, Denmark and Durban, South
Africa to coordinate and consolidate funding on
climate change mitigation and adaptation
Mexico City,
Mexico
13 7
A community interest company focused on
•social impact" and 11responsible investment•
in the environ mental sustainability sector
Description
Has so far built a portfolio of almost 200 small
investments and associated enterprises in India
with an additionall 00 projects in the pipeline
Produces publicaflons, hosts conference and
arranges meetings covering all major energy
sources, including electrification and off-grid
sources, as well as a World Energy Conference
once every three years
Works with the rural poor,Governmen'S, donors
and NGOs to improve rural access to biogas and
SHS units and to reduce drudgery and •lighten
the load" for rural women
Has established more than a dozen se-sustaining
solar energy projects in eleven countries spread
across Asia, Africa and South America
Approves about $6 million per year in social
enterprise funds for micro hydro, solar, biogas,
biomass and lighting projects in India, Pakistan
and East Africa
Backed by the U.S. Department of Stat1. the
United Nations Foundation and more than 200
other partners from the public, private and nonprofit sectors, the Alliance has set the goal of
distributing 100 million cleaner cook stoves by
the year 2020
Attempts to harmonize ongoing global financing
efforts related to energy and transport
infrastructure {among others) from the World
Bank, Global Environment Facility, the
Adaptation Fund, the Clean Development
Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol and theG8
Promotes technology, capacity development,
training and management to build and operate
community-scale wind farms throughout Central
and South America
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services
Institution
Central Location
Primary Function
Description
LVC
Acronym
Jakarta, Indonesia
Possesses •sustainable agriculture," "water,• and
•women and human rights" programs that all deal
with various aspects of rural energy use, especially
the connections between food security and bio
fuels
Global Sustainable
Energy Islands
Initiative
GSEll
Washington, DC.
United States of
America
Informally known as the •international
peasants movement,• the group consists of
about 150 organizational members which
coordinates migrant workers, farmers, rural
women, indigenous communities on rural
development issues
Created d11ing the Sixth Meeting of the
Conference of Parties at the UNFCCC, GSEll
works with NGOs and multilateral institutions
to help small island developing states address
energy security and climate change issues
Clean Energy
Ministerial
CEM
Various
A high-level forum to promote policies and
programs that advance clean energy
technology, share lessons learned and
encourage sustainable energy transitions
Lighting Africa
Programme
LAP
Washington, DC.
United States of
America
Global lighting and
Energy Access
Partnership
Global
LEAP
Washington, DC
A joint World Bank -International Finance
Corporation programme launched with the aim
of improving access to clean and affordable
lighting throughout Africa
A partnership founded by the U.S. Department
of Energy, Italy's Ministry of land and Sea,
the World Bank, the International Finance
Corporation, the UN Foundation, the Energy
and Resources Institute, the African
Development Bank, the Global Environment
Facility, the UN Development Programme and
Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade&
Industry, as well as more than 100 private
sector and civil society organizations, to
encourage access to clean lighting
La Via Campesina
138
Has helped nine small island developing states
build capacity, increase awareness and implement
energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. It
has spent about $1 million on the preparation of
national energy plans, biofuel feasibility studies,
energy efficiency training and renewable energy
projects
Creates and implements action plans on three global
climate and energy goals: improving energy
efficiency, enhancing clean energy supply and
expanding energy access. Currently manages 14
current initiatives induding a Global Superior Energy
Performance Partnership for commercial buildings, a
Cean Energy Education & Empowerment (C3E)
women's initiative and a Solar and LED Energy
Access Programme (SLED)
Mobilized at meeting the goal of distributing high
quality clean lighting to 2.5 million people from
2007 to 2012 and to 250 million people by 2030
Aims to catalyse the market and product
development for off-grid energy products and
services. Is currently managing $4.5 million to
distribute 500,000 solar LEOs throughout India
from 2012 to 2015
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services
Annex II: Global Institutions involved in promoting energy efficiency
Institution
Renewable
Energy
and
Energy Efficiency
Partnership
Acronym
REEEP
Efficient Energy EESD
for
Sustainable
Development
Partnership
Central
Location
Vienna, Austria
Primary Function
To reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve
access to reliable and clean forms of energy in
developing countries and promote energy
efficiency
Washington
DC,
United
States
of
America
Laundled as part of the world summit 01
sustainable development by U.S. Department of
Energy, the EESD intends to improve the
productivity and efficiency of energy systems. Its
partners include businesses, NGOs, academia and
financial institutions
Vienna,
To assist both the public and private sectors i1
Virginia,
implementing energy efficiency, transportation and
United States environmental policies. Funded by community
of America
groups, national Governments and members of
civil society
International
Institute
for
Energy
Conservation
IIEC
Clinton Climate
Initiative
CCI
New
York,
NY,
United
of
States
America
Global
Energy
Efficiency
and
Renewable
Energy Fund
GEEREF
European
Investment
Bank.
Luxembourg
139
Part of the William J. Clinton Foundation, CCI
manages an extensive programme to undertake
building retrofits, improve outdoor lighting, reduce
waste, measure GHG emissions, encourage nonmotorized transport and promote "climate positive"
communities in major cities, conducts research on
carbon capture and storage and concentrating solar
power and works with Cambodia, Guyana, Kenya,
Indonesia and the United Republic of Tanzania to
prevent deforestation
Created by the European Commission to promote
public-private partnerships in clean energy through
private equity funds to small- and medium-sized
enterprises in emerging economies
Description
Has formed partnerships with more than 12
Governments, banks, businesses, nongovernmental
organizations and IGOs and invested €16.4 million in
more than 145 projects. However, REEEP
implements only small-scale projects and lack of
permanent funding forces the agency to focus on the
short-term
Focused on increasing overall energy efficiency by 10
per cent or more in 20 countries by 2012
Conducts work on standards and labels, demand side
management, climate change mitigation and
adaptation, transport planning, energy efficiency and
pollution prevention, renewable energy and water
Brings stakeholders from industry {such as energy
service contractors and the manufacturers of energy
efficient equipment), the public sector (municipal and
city Governments) and finance (banks and lending
agencies) to conduct climate-related projects in 40
metropolitan areas; Forestry project has also teamed
up with university research institutes and Government
agencies
Has so far leveraged or disbursed about $200 millior
in more than 20 projects in the developing world
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services
Institution
Acronym
Central
Location
Washington
DC, United
States of
America
Primary Function
To foster economic devllopment, stimulate global Funded by a variety of organizationsincluding the
trade and alleviate poverty through the use of
U.S. Government, World Bank Group and United
standards and labels
Nations, CLASP assists with the implementation of
various standards and labels relating to energy and
energy efficiency technologies and services
Collaborative
Labelling and
Appliance
Standards
Programme
CLASP
Global
Sustainable
Energy Islands
Initiative
GSEll
Washington,
DC, United
States of
America
Clean Energy
Ministerial
CEM
Various
Lighting Africa
Programme
LAP
Washington,
DC, United
States of
America
140
Description
Created during the Sixth Meeting of the
Conference of Parties at the UNFCCC, it works
with NGOs and multilateral institutions to help
small island developing states address energy
security and climate change issues
Has helped nine small island developing states bid
capacity, increase awareness and implement energy
efficiency and renewable energy projects. It has spent
about S1 million on the preparation of national energy
plans, biofuel feasibility studies, energy efficiency
training and renewable energy projects
A high-level forum to promote policies and
Creates and implements action plans on three global
programs that advance clean energy technology, climate and energy goals: improving energy
share lessons learned and encourage sustainable efficiency, enhancing clean energy supply and
energy transitions
expanding energy access. Currently manages 14
current initiatives including a Global Superior Energy
Performance Partnership for commercial buildings, a
Clean Energy Education & Empowerment (C3E)
women's initiative and a Solar and LED Energy
Access Programme (SLED)
A joint World Bank -International Finance Mobilized at meeting the goal of distributing high
Corporation programme launched with the aim <rfqualitydean lighting to 2.5 million people from 2007
improving access to dean and affordable lightin! to 2012 and to 250 million people by2030
throughout Africa
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modem Energy Services
141
Partnerships for Universal Access to Modern Energy Services
1.
See www.sustainableenergyforall.org/.
2. World Bank, Rural Energy and Development for Two Billion People (Washington, D.C., 1996).
Available from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTENERGY/Resources/Rural_Energy_
Development_Paper_Improving_Energy_Supplies. pdf
3. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Energy Security and
Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific (Geneva, 2008). Available from www.unescap.
org/publications/detail. asp ?id"" 1286.
4. United Nations, Interim Report of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the
Issue of Human Rights and Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises (Geneva,
2006). Available from http://daccess-dds-ny. un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G06/11 0/27/PDFI
G0611 027.pdf?OpenElement
5. John P. Holdren, and Kirk R. Smith, "Energy, the environment, and health': in World Energy
Assessment: Energy and the Challenge of Sustainability, Tord Iqellstrom and others eds. (New
York, United Nations Development Programme, 2000).
6. International Energy Agency, ''World Energy Outlook 2012". Available from www.
worldenergyoutlook.org/ (accessed 4 October 2012 ).
7.
Ibid.
8.
Ibid.
9.
Ibid.
10. Ibid.
11. Ibid.
142
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