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Publication
_________________________________________________________________
Number GB400269A
i»?
Title
_________________________________________________________________
EN Title [Class 106 (i).] Printing on inserted material. -The carriage
for the inserted record material is moved manually into...
Abstract
_________________________________________________________________
400,269. Cash registers and c. NATIONAL CASH REGISTER CO., Dayton,
Ohio, U[[S]]A. April 22, 1932, No. 11679. Convention date, April 22,
1931. [Class 106 (i).] Printing on inserted material. -The carriage
for the inserted record material is moved manually into line-selected
position under the control of keys after which it may return
automatically after impression, or it may be linespaced automatically
in successive operations until finally released by the machine for
return to home position. The alternative working is under the control
of a finger-lever. The material is placed on a carriage 11 provided
with the known line-selecting keys 19 and moved manually into printing
position.
If
a single transaction only is to be recorded a
finger-lever 26 is depressed so as to slide a yoke 46 to the left, out
of the plane of a rotating driving arm 73, Fig. 1, and at the end of
the printing operation the table is automatically released and
returned by a spring to home position. If, however, more than one
entry is to be made the lever 26 occupies the position shown and by
means of the linkage shown in Fig. 4 a slide-bar 78 is moved to the
right to raise a locking-pawl 63 pivoted on a rocking plate 57 into
engagement with a feed-rack 67 on the table. In the ensuing operation
therefore the yoke 46 is actuated by the arm 73 and the pitman 53
consequently rocks the plate 57 about its pivot 58 so as to feed the
table one line to the right by means of a second pawl 62 on the plate.
To enable the table to return to home position without operation of
the machine a release-lever 80 may be depressed so as to disengage the
locking-pawl 63 from the rack. Specifications 203,762 and 209,408,
[both in Class 106 (i), Calculating and c.], are referred to.
Description
_________________________________________________________________
AMENDED SPECIFICATION
Reprinted as amended in accordance with the decision of the Assistant
Comptroller, acting for the Comptroller-General, dated the second day
of December, 1936, under Section 21 of the Patents and Designs Acts,
1907 to 1932.
(The Amendments are shown in the drawings.) PATENT SPECIFICATION
Convention Date (Germany): April 22, 1931.
Application Date (in United Kingdom): April 22, 1932.
Accepted: Oct. 23, 1933.
400,269 No. 11679/32.
--- - --- COMPLETE SPECIFICATION
Improvements in or relating to Cash Registers, and similar Accounting
Machines AVe, TniS NATIONAL CASH REGISTER COMPANY, of Dayton, in the
State of Ohio, and Baltimore, in the State of Maryland, United States
of America, a Company incorporated under the laws of the State of
Maryland, United States of America, do hereby declare the nature of
this invention and in what manner the same is to be performed, to be
particularly described and ascertained in and by the following
statement:This
invention
relates
to improvements in tabulating or positioning
means for record material
accounting machines.
inserted
in
cash registers and similar
It is known in the art to provide means for automatically shifting
record material carriages for line spacing purposes, and the present
invention comprises a novel arrangement according to, which the record
material carriage is adjusted manually under control of depressible
keys to a printing point from which it is automatically released by
the machine for returning to home position or alternatively is fed by
the machine for line spacing in the direction of initial adjustment,
control of the carriage being from a manually adjustable lever adapted
in one position of adjustment to couple the automatic line spacing
mechanism to an operating member therefor, and in the other position
of adjustment to uncouple the automatic line spacing mechanism from
its operating member.
The
invention
also comprises certain other novel features of
construction and combinations of parts, the essential elements of
which are set forth in appended claims and a preferred form or [Price
11-1 embodiment of which is hereinafter described with reference to
the drawings which accompany and form a part of this specification.
In the drawings: 45 Figure 1 is a front elevation of the table and
associated mechanism and a section taken along line 1-1 of Figure 2.
Figure 2 is a top plan view of the table.
Figure 3 is a detail sectional view taken 50 on line 3-3 of Figure 1
looking in the direction of the arrows.
Figure 4 is a. front elevation of the regulating device for engaging
and disengaging the automatic carriage feed. 55 Figure 5 shows a side
elevation of the mechanism shown in Figure 4.
Certain relevant features of the machine to which the present
invention is shown as applied are disclosed in the 60 specifications
of British Letters Patent
Nos. 203,762 and 209,408, and reference is therefore directed to these
specifications for description of mechanisms only briefly referred to
herein. 65 As is well known in the art, to position record material to
printing position it is necessary only to press a key and move the
table until it latches in printing position.
The first impression is made upon one 70 document which is then
ejected from the machine, and the second impression made on another
document. During certain types of operation the depressed key is
automatically released, thus allowing the 75 table to return to normal
position under the influence of its restoring spring.
This carriage or table consists of a known form of table plate 10
(Figures 1, 2 and 3) slidable crossways of the machine 80.; c.
400,269 and supported by bearings in a slidably mounted frame 11.
This: frame is provided with rollers 12 which are rotatably mounted
and adapted to run along a bar or plate 14 affixed to the base plate
13 of the machine. In order to prevent any rocking movement of the
carriage, rollers are provided cooperating-with rollers 12 (Figure 3),
the rollers 15 being mounted on a plate attached to the frame 11, and
engaging m a. channel beneath the bar 14, formed by an extension of
the frame 11 and the base plate 13, thus maintaining the carriage in
its proper horizontal position.
Two parallel guides 16 (Figures 2 and 3) secured near the side edges
of the plate and terminating in plates 17, and two guides 18 formed
integral with the plates 17, extend from front -to rear of the
carriage to hold the inserted documents in the printing position.
In order to select the line on which printing is to be effected, a
group of 26 keys 19 (Figures 1, 2, and 3) is arranged immediately to
the left of the carriage plate 10, these keys constituting a part of the carriage and enabling any one of the 26 lines to be selected. A
key 19 is depressed to select the appropriate line a.nd the carriage
is then moved manually to the right until the end of the depressed key
comes against a positive stop (not shown) composed of two pivotally
mounted plates under the influence of a - spring which rocks one plate
clockwise and the other plate counter-clockwise as described in the
prior art. The carriage is held in locked position thus for printing
on the selected lines on the inserted documents.
The key 19 is automatically released as already mentioned during
predetermined operations, the carriage being returned to normal
position under the influence of a powerful spring 20 (Figure 2) one
end of which is attached to the supporting frame 21 and the other end
fastened to a pin 22 on the table plate 10.
It may happen that a number of consecutive itemis are to be recorded
on the inserted material either of a similar or differing nature. In
this case, the sliding carriage would have to be adjusted afresh for
every registration by the depression of an appropriate key 19, as the
printing has to take place on fresh consecutive lines of the various
documents.
This involves waste ocf time and is a cumbersome operation for the
operator, and the object of the present invention is to provide a
controllable mechanism which will automatically advance the carriage
step by step so that printing impressions may be effected on
successive lines, and the novel mechanism will now be described.
Pivoted on a pin 24 (Figures 4 and 5) on the side frame 23 of the
machine is a lever 25 provided with a convenient top 70 26. Mounted on
the pin 24 and on another pin 27 on the lever 2.5 by means of slots 31
is a slide 28 under the tension of a spring 29. This spring constantly
endeavours to draw the slide toward a pin 75 on the side frame 23, in
such a way that the pin 30 will rest either in the -upper or lower
notch in the fork-shaped end of the slide. The hand lever 2.5 is thus
always adjustable to take up one or 80 other of its limit of travel
positions and to hold the mechanism which it controls in either
effective or ineffective position.
The hand lever 2.5 is pivotally connected to one end of a, cranked arm
32 85 slidably and pivotally mounted on a stud 33 on the side frame 23
of the machine, the other end of the arm being attached to a link 34.
This link acts on one arm of a lever 36 mounted on a shaft 35, the 90
other arm of this lever carrying a pin 37 that presses against a stud
38 of a slotted lever 39 mounted pivotally on a stud 40 on the machine
frame 41. A spring 42 constantly endeavours to swing the lever 95 39
in a clockwise direction (Figure 5) to draw a rod 43 connected thereto
towards the left. Secured to the rod 44 is an arm 44 (Figures 1, 2, 4
and 5) that engages between abutments 45 of a yoke 46 loosely 100
moutnted on the shaft 47. One arm of the yoke 46 carries a pin 48 that
engages into the fork-shaped end of an arm 49.
The latter is under the influence of a spring 50 and is secured to one
end of a 105 short shaft 51 journalled in the frame 21 in the machine
frame, the other end of the short shaft,carrying a bell crank lever
52.
Connected to the bell crank lever 52 is a link 53, one end of which is
slotted at 54 110 to receive a pin 55 and has at its upper edge a pin
56 (Figures 1 and 4) bearing against the inclined edge of a plate 57.
This plate is pivoted on a pin 58 of a bearing plate 59 that is
screwed to the 115 base plate 13, and a spring 60 constantly urges it
in a counter-clockwise direction (Figures 1 and 4) to hold it
continuously in contact with a pin 61 on the bearing plate. Mounted on
the plate.57 are two 120 pawls 62, 63 both of which are subject to the
action of a spring 66 coiled around the pin 58. These pawls, which can
rotate on or around the pins 64, 65 a distance limited by the pins 68,
69 cooperate 125 with a rack 67 (Figure 1) secured by bolts 70 to the
frame 11. The pawl 63 also carries a pin 74 which engages a slot (see
Figure 4) of a slide rod 77 mounted on pins 76 on the bearing plate
180 400,269 " 59, and connected by a link 78 to an arm 79 secured to
the above mentioned shaft 35.
When only a single transaction is to be registered on each of the
inserted
documents,
the
automatic
carriage feed is suitably
disengaged. In this case, the lever 25 is in its lower position,
i[[e]] the - - opposite position to that shown in Figure 5. The lever
36 also takes up the opposite position to that shown in Figure 4,
thereby allowing the spring 42 to hold the lever 39 in its uppermost
position.
This causes the yoke 46 to be held in such a position that the tail 71
thereof lies outside the arc of movement of an arm 73 secured to the
printing mechanism shaft 72, whereby it is not operated by that arm
when the shaft 72, by which the printing mechanism is controlled in
well known manner, is rotated during an operation of the machine. When
the hand lever 25 is in the position stated, the arm 79 is also moved
in clockwise direction relatively to its position shown in Figure 4.
Consequently, by means of the link 78 and the slide rod 77, it also
holds the pawl 63 in such a position against the action of the spring
66, that the nose of this pawl is out off engagement with the teeth of
the rack 67. Thus the parts are in such a position that the carriage
can return to home position when released during predetermined
operations of the machine.
When a number of consecutive operations are to be registered on the
same documents on successive lines, the automatic carriage feed is
brought into action by movement of the lever 25 after the carriage has
been adjusted manually to the desired printing position. By this means
the lever 36 is returned to the position shown in Figure 4, thereby
bringing the nose of the pawl 63 into engagement with the teeth of the
rack- 67, by means of the parts 35, 74 to 79, and also the lever 39 is
rotated in a counter-clockwise direction against the tension of the
spring 42 (see Figure 5) and through the arm 44, and yoke 46,
positions the tail 71 in the path of movement of the arm 73.
Therefore
towards
the conclusion of the immediately following
operation of the machine the yoke 46 will be rocked in a clockwise
direction by the arm 73 (Figures 1 and 4) and consequently the arm 49,
the
shaft
51
and
the lever 52 will also be rocked in a
counter-clockwise direction against the tension of the spring 50. By
this means the link 53 will be displaced toward the right, causing, by
means of its pin 56, a clockwise rotation of the plate 57 on its pivot
pin 58 against the tension of the spring 60. During this rotation, the
nose of the pawl 63 is drawn out of engagement with the teeth of the
rack 67 and the nose of the pawl 62 is now engaged with the teeth of
the rack, consequently advancing the carriage simultaneously one step
towards the right (Figure 1). As soon as the arm 73 comes out of
engagement with the tail 71, and the parts 49, 51, 52, 53 and 57
return under the influence of the springs 50 and 75 into their
position of rest, the nose of the pawl 63 again falls into mesh with
the teeth of the rack 67, engaging this time, however, with the tooth
lying immediately to the left of that which the 80 nose was previously
in engagement with, while the nose of the pawl 62 is again disengaged
from the teeth. The disengagement of this tooth is not effected,
however, until after the pawl 63 is again 85 in the locking position.
By this means the carriage is prevented from being drawn into its
position of rest by the spring 20, even if automatically released by
the machine. 90 The above process can be repeated until all the 26
lines on the inserted documents have been printed upon.
A manual release lever 80 is provided for the use of the operator when
it is 95 desired to release the carriage after several successive
spacing operations, without necessarily causing an operation of the
machine to be made. This lever is secured to a shaft 81 mounted in the
100 frame 11 and carrying an arm 82. A link 83 connects the arm 82 to
a plate 84 mounted by means of oblique slots 86 on pins 85 on the
frame 11. When the lever is swung or depressed (Figure 1), the 105
plate 84 is shifted to the right against the action of a spring 87,
the plate being at the same time lowered. The lower edge of the plate
engages the pin 74 of the pawl 63 thereby rocking the plate 57 110 in
a clockwise direction. The plate 57 is however, rocked only to an
extent sufficient to disengage the nose of the pawl 63 from the rack
67 without engaging the nose of the pawl 62 with the rack, 115 so that
the carriage is thereby unlatched and free to be drawn back to the
home position by the spring 20. As soon as the pressure on the lever
80 ceases, the latter and the parts 80 to 84, 57 return to their 120
normal position owing to the action of the springs 60 and 87. A stop
88 limits the movement of the lever.
Having now particularly described and ascertained the nature of our
said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed, we
declare that what we
Claims
_________________________________________________________________
claim is:1. In a cash register or similar accounting machine having a record
material 130 400,269e carriage, the arrangement according to which the
record material carriage is adjusted manually under control of
depressible keys to a printing point from which it is automatically
released
by
the
machine
for returning to home position or
alternatively is fed by the machine for line spacing in the direction
of initial adjustment, control of the carrraae being from a manually
adjustable lever adapted in one position of adjustment to couple the
automatic line spacing mechanism to an operating member therefor, and
in the other position of adjustment to uncouple 1.5 the automatic line
spacing mechanism from its operating member.
2.
In
a machine according to Claim 1, the provision of a rack on the
carriage, a feed pawl cooperating therewith, a. locking pawl also
cooperating therewith and a system of links and levers for operating
the pa.wls, controlled by the lever.
3. In a machine according to Claim 2, the provision of a driving
member for the system of links and levers, and a coupling device
adapted to couple the driving member to a. machine driven member when
the automatic feeding means are to be effective.
4. In a machine according to Claims 2 30 and 3, the provision of a
plate carrying the pawls, and means for oscillating, the plate whereby
the locking papwl is effective to hold the carriage in each adjusted
position. 35
5. In a machine according to Claim 4, the provision of a manual
release device to disable the lock-ing pawl and permit the carriage to
return to home position without necessitating an operation of the 40
machine.
6. A printing carriage control mechanism for cash registers and
similar accounting machines substantially as hereinbefore described
and illustrated 45 with reference to the accompanying drawings. Dated
this 22nd day of April, 1982. Acting for the Applicants. Leamington
Spa: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office, by the Courier
Press.-1937. U- -4 SHEETS SHEET)1 Malby and Sons, Photo -Litho ((R t J
i it 1 it 1 k 1 it 1 11 1 it j 1 1 1 11 1 11 1 11 1 11 1 11 1 11 1 11
1 11 1 /' - - -1. -1/. 'lrll-11,11-11-11-111-1",,,,,,,",..,,,,,,,'...
f 1 111 A'T_1 14\ L ir1 7,:; r7_ 72 1 1 1' 1:; +- 7.9 i f:: 1 FIF:111
46- 11 j 1111 t -:11 ji:ff 1; J1101m rig. 2 1 4 4 1 I. fs 49 -21 2,9,7
Y2 M - --p- - ------ p z7--- ', -1 W : wm - 7, -- ---i - -1-4 s . m.,
percent -:1 1.1 ' ', 'r= i. 1 S/-' M. - ---- y ] I' - 52 4--=\ 0 itl'
ogoo(DOO i1 4. SHEETS SHEET J 13 1/1 J7 i's S3 eo Jf j$ '62 iW U U 0
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61 l ' fl 6.7 1./4 / 1 j v., 10000,00000 - 1 nnnnnnnn 1 o- -i! "Il. -"-1 (1; 1 1 1 1 11 fl i U- -4 SHEETS SHEET 2 Maitbv and Sons. Photo
-Lithe, 4 SHEETS 40Q269 AMENDED SPECIFICATION sHEer 2 72 13 43- Fig. 2
L Ant,' 1 57 '51 / T Ifs 0000,00000 dos 000000000 17 0 0900000
----------------- ----------- -13 V , 15 171819 2)fn 22 23 24,25 26 0
Fig. 3. 29, 28. Fig. 5 is J6 S9 4 SHEETS SHEET 4 29. Fig. Zi J 1 C go
sy Malby and Sons Photo-Lith. 400,269 AMENDED SPECIFICATION 4 SHEETS
SHEar 3 SHEET 4 Fig..3 29 17 24 Fig. 4 12 Ale 32-j 2.1 J2 l W JW 77 76
61 71 7,9 ip
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