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Обычаи и традиции Великобритании

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Государственное бюджетное профессиональное образовательное
учреждение
Департамента здравоохранения города Москвы
«Медицинский колледж № 7»
Обычаи и традиции
Великобритании.
Автор: Харланова Ольга Михайловна
«Сестринское дело» 34.02.01
2 курс очное отделение
Руководитель: Салаева Наталья Александровна
Customs and traditions
Great Britain
 Introduction;
 Horse race and Boat Race;
 Bonfire Night;
 St. Valentine's Day;
 Tea Traditions;
 Bank Holidays;
 Boxing Day;
 Conclusion.
British nation is considered to be the most
conservative in Europe. In Great Britain
people attach greater importance to traditions
and customs than in other European countries.
Englishmen are proud of their traditions and
carefully keep them up.
British people think that the Grand
National horse race is the most exciting
horse race in the world. It takes place near
Liverpool every year. It happens the same
day as the Boat Race takes place.
Amateur riders as well as professional
jockeys can participate.
Another tradition is the holiday called Bonfire
Night.
On November 5, 1605, Guy Fawkes planned to blow
up the Houses of Parliament where the king James
1st was to open Parliament on that day. But Guy
Fawkes was unable to realize his plan and was
caught and later, hanged.
The British still remember that Guy
Fawkes' Night. This day one can see
children with figures, made of sacks
and straw and dressed in old clothes.
On November 5th, children put their
figures on the bonfire, burn them, and
light their fireworks.
St. Valentine's Day roots in several
different legends that have found
their way to us through the ages.
One of the earliest popular symbols
of the day is Cupid, the Roman god
of Love.
Three hundred years after the death of Jesus
Christ, the Roman emperors still demanded that
everyone believe in the Roman gods.
Valentine, a Christian priest, had
been thrown in prison for his
teachings. On February 14,
Valentine was beheaded, because
he had performed a miracle.
He supposedly cured the jailer's
daughter of her blindness. The night
before he was executed, he wrote the
jailer's daughter a farewell letter,
signing it, "from Your Valentine".
Another legend tells us that this same Valentine
wrote notes from his jail cell to children and
friends.
Whatever the odd mixture of origins, St.
Valentine's Day is now a day for sweethearts.
It is the day that you show your friend of
loved one that you care.
You can send candy to someone you
think is special. Or you can send
"valentines" a greeting card named
after the notes that St. Valentine
wrote from jail.
In my opinion, the main tradition of the
British, was, is and will be an afternoon
tea. It consists of several stages, coming
in strict sequence.
First of all you are offered to choose the type of
tea. You choose what you like, and this is served
on the table in the form of tea leaves in the teapot, to which relies teapot with boiling water.
Having it all on your table, you give
the tea brew for a few minutes, and
then pour. If you've invited someone
to tea, you will play the role of
owner and are obliged to take care
of the guest.
The tea is offered in the first place:
'You pour?'
Put the first for a Cup of tea-strainer
that tea does not get into the Cup.
Then pour in her tea. After that,
remove the strainer and put in a
special bowl, pre-brush in her tea. If
you tea is strong too much you can
dilute it with hot water.
Tea British drink 'black', as
well as with milk and one or
two pieces of sugar. The tea
may submit the sandwiches,
which should take his hands.
After tea with sandwiches
offer co - little sweet bread
with raisins. The end of the tea
ceremony - liqueur-glass of
sherry.
Four times a year the offices and banks in
Britain are closed on Monday. These public
holidays are known as Bank Holidays.
The British like to spend holidays
out of the town in the open air. They
go to the sea-side or to amusements
parks.
December 26th is Boxing Day. Traditionally boys from
the shops in each town asked for money at Christmas.
They went from house to house and took boxes made of
wood with them. At each house people gave them
money. Now, Boxing Day is an extra holiday after
Christmas Day.
Some ceremonies are rather formal, such as the Changing of the Guard at Buckingham
Palace, Trooping the Colour, the State opening of Parliament.
Sometimes you will see a group of
cavalrymen riding on black horses
through the streets of London.
These men are Life Guards. Their
special duty is to guard the king or
the queen of Great Britain.
Источники:
 «Великобритания: обычаи и традиции»
Автор: Уолш И. А., Химунина Т. Н., Конон Н. В.
Издательство: Антология, 2005 г.
Жанр: Культура и искусство на английском языке и др.
Страниц: 224
 «Великобритания Путеводитель по обычаям и этикету»
Автор: Норбури П.
Серия: Быт Традиции Культура
Издательство: АСТ Астрель
Год издания: 2006
Кол-во страниц: 159
 Великобритания
Автор: Соммервиль К.
Серия: National Geographic Traveler
Издательство: Астрель
Год издания: 2012
Кол-во страниц: 399
 http://studopedia.ru/16_26345_Traditions-and-holidays-of-GreatBritain.html
 http://mirznanii.com/a/48974/traditions-customs-of-great-britain
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