close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Моделирование нестационарного теплообмена грунта с U-образным коллектором теплонасосной установки.

код для вставкиСкачать
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
7/2011
ɆɈȾȿɅɂɊɈȼȺɇɂȿ ɇȿɋɌȺɐɂɈɇȺɊɇɈȽɈ ɌȿɉɅɈɈȻɆȿɇȺ
ȽɊɍɇɌȺ ɋ U-ɈȻɊȺɁɇɕɆ ɄɈɅɅȿɄɌɈɊɈɆ ɌȿɉɅɈɇȺɋɈɋɇɈɃ
ɍɋɌȺɇɈȼɄɂ
THE MODELING A TRANSIENT HEAT TRANSFER BETWEEN
GROUND AND A HEAT PUMP U-TUBE
Ⱥ.ȼ. ɉɚɥɚɝɢɧ, ȿ.ȼ. Ʉɨɪɟɩɚɧɨɜ
A. Palagin, E. Korepanov
ɂɠɟɜɫɤɢɣ ȽɌɍ
Ɉɰɟɧɤɚ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɚ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɬ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɟ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɬɢɜɧɵɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɨɫɚ ɫ
ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɵɦ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɨɦ, ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɢɪɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɜ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ
Evaluation of a pattern of ground temperature state change allows to definite most efficient construction parameters of the heat pump with subterrian heat exchanger working in a
difficult climate.
Ɍɟɩɥɨɧɚɫɨɫɧɵɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ (Ɍɇɍ), ɧɚɛɢɪɚɸɳɢɟ ɜɫɟ ɛɨɥɶɲɭɸ ɩɨɩɭɥɹɪɧɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ
ɬɟɩɥɨɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɚɧɢɣ, ɹɜɥɹɸɬ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɩɟɪɫɩɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɟ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɚɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɧɨɣ ɷɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɤɢ. ɇɢɡɤɨɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɹ, ɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɚɹ ɜ ɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɦ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɟ, ɜ ɜɨɞɨɟɦɚɯ, ɜ
ɝɪɭɧɬɟ – ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɛɟɫɤɨɧɟɱɧɵɣ ɩɨ ɫɜɨɢɦ ɡɚɩɚɫɚɦ ɪɟɫɭɪɫ, ɨɞɧɚɤɨ ɧɟɝɪɚɦɨɬɧɨɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ Ɍɇɍ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɨɤ ɧɚ ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɵɯ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚɯ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɨɜɥɟɱɶ ɧɚɪɭɲɟɧɢɟ ɦɢɤɪɨɤɥɢɦɚɬɚ ɩɨɱɜɵ, ɢ ɤɚɤ ɫɥɟɞɫɬɜɢɟ – ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ.
ɋɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɴɟɦ ɢ ɫɧɢɡɢɬɶ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɝɪɭɧɬ ɦɨɠɧɨ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɟɡɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɬɟɩɥɨ-ɯɨɥɨɞɨɩɨɬɪɟɛɥɟɧɢɹ: ɜ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ ɬɟɩɥɨɬɵ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɢ Ƚȼɋ (ɝɪɭɧɬ ɨɫɬɵɜɚɟɬ), ɚ ɜ ɬɟɩɥɵɣ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪ ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɤ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɤɨɧɞɢɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ (ɫɛɪɚɫɵɜɚɹ ɬɟɩɥɨɬɭ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɜ ɝɪɭɧɬ).
Ɋɚɫɱɟɬ ɪɟɠɢɦɨɜ, ɩɪɨɝɧɨɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ – ɫɥɨɠɧɚɹ ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɚɹ
ɡɚɞɚɱɚ. ɋɩɟɰɢɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɧɵɟ ɩɚɤɟɬɵ, ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɧɚ ɦɟɬɨɞɟ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɧɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɬ ɫɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɮɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɵ ɛɟɡ ɩɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ
ɞɨɪɨɝɨɫɬɨɹɳɢɯ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ. ȼ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɦɨɞɭɥɶ Ansys CFX-5 ɧɚ
ɩɥɚɬɮɨɪɦɟ Ansys Workbench v11.0 ɫ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɦ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɨɪɨɦ
DesignModeler ɢ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɨɦ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨ-ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɧɨɣ ɫɟɬɤɢ Ansys Meshing, ɚ ɡɚɞɚɱɚ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɟɲɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɦ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɟ Fortran ɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɨ ɫ ɡɚɞɚɱɟɣ ɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɚ Ɍɇɍ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɬɟɩɥɨɧɚɫɨɫɧɨɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɫ ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɵɦɢ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚɦɢ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ (ɫɪɚɡɭ ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɟɦɵɟ ɜ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɩɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ).
1. ɉɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɢɤɨɜɨɝɨ ɤɨɬɥɚ ɤ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɨɬɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ (ɩɪɢ ɨɱɟɧɶ ɧɢɡɤɨɣ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɟ
ɧɚɪɭɠɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ, ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɣ ɝɪɚɮɢɤ ɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɨɬɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ).
456
7/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
Ɋɢɫ. 1. ɉɪɢɧɰɢɩɢɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɫɯɟɦɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɹ ɞɨɦɚ ɫ Ɍɇɍ:
1 – ɢɫɩɚɪɢɬɟɥɶ ɬɟɩɥɨɧɚɫɨɫɧɨɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ; 2 – ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪ; 3 – ɤɨɧɞɟɧɫɚɬɨɪ; 4 – ɬɟɪɦɨɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɣ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɶ; 5 – ɬɟɩɥɨɧɚɫɨɫɧɚɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɜ ɫɛɨɪɟ; 6 – ɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ ɧɚɫɨɫ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɫɛɨɪɚ ɧɢɡɤɨɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɬɟɩɥɚ (ɋɋɇɌ); 7 – ɛɚɬɚɪɟɹ ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɵɯ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɧɢɤɨɜ; 8 – ɤɚɧɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ ɬɟɩɥɨɭɬɢɥɢɡɚɬɨɪ; 9 – ɜɟɧɬɢɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ ɬɟɩɥɨɭɬɢɥɢɡɚɬɨɪ; 10 – ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɭɸɳɢɣ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɶ
ɩɢɤɨɜɨɝɨ ɤɨɬɥɚ; 11 – ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɧɢɤ ɧɚ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɬɧɨɣ ɦɚɝɢɫɬɪɚɥɢ ɋɋɇɌ; 12 – ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɵɣ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪ; 13 – ɩɢɤɨɜɵɣ ɤɨɬɟɥ; 14, 15 – ɪɚɞɢɚɬɨɪɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɨɬɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ (ɋɈ); 16 – ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ «ɬɟɩɥɵɣ
ɩɨɥ»; 17 – ɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ ɧɚɫɨɫ ɋɈ; 18 – ɬɪɟɯɯɨɞɨɜɨɣ ɤɥɚɩɚɧ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɬɟɩɥɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɚ; 19 – ɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɰɢɨɧɧɵɣ ɧɚɫɨɫ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɬɟɩɥɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɚ
2.
3.
ɉɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɢɤɨɜɨɝɨ ɤɨɬɥɚ ɤ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɫɛɨɪɚ ɧɢɡɤɨɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɟɩɥɨɬɵ (ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ Ɍɇɍ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɤɫɬɟɧɫɢɜɧɨɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ).
ɉɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɋɋɇɌ ɬɟɩɥɨɭɬɢɥɢɡɚɬɨɪɨɜ ɤɚɧɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɬɨɤɨɜ ɢ ɜɵɬɹɠɧɨɝɨ
ɜɨɡɞɭɯɚ.
457
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
4.
7/2011
ɉɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ ɤ ɋɋɇɌ (ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɥɟɬɧɟɝɨ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚ ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɢɪɭɟɬ ɩɨɬɟɪɢ ɬɟɩɥɨɬɵ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ ɡɚ ɡɢɦɧɸɸ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɸ).
Ɋɢɫ. 2. Ȼɥɨɤ-ɫɯɟɦɵ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɤɢ, ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɣ Ɍɇɍ
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
458
ɉɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɜɨɞɨ-ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɧɢɤɚ ɤ ɋɋɇɌ (ɩɪɢ ɧɟɛɨɥɶɲɢɯ ɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɯ, ɞɨ -15 ɝɪɚɞ. ɋ, ɧɚɪɭɠɧɵɣ ɜɨɡɞɭɯ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɫɥɭɠɢɬɶ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ ɧɢɡɤɨɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɟɩɥɨɬɵ);
ɉɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɧɢɡɤɨɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɨɬɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ (ɝɪɚɮɢɤ 70-50 ɢɥɢ 50-30
ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɦɢ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɞɢɟɧɬɨɜ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɜ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɧɢɤɚɯ Ɍɇɍ,
ɫɧɢɠɚɹ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɜ ɩɢɤɨɜɨɦ ɤɨɬɥɟ).
ɉɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɨɫɚ ɜ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɯɨɥɨɞɢɥɶɧɨɣ ɦɚɲɢɧɵ ɜ ɥɟɬɧɢɣ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ
(ɤɨɦɩɟɧɫɚɰɢɹ ɩɨɬɟɪɶ ɬɟɩɥɨɬɵ ɝɪɭɧɬɨɦ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɨɬɨɩɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚ).
ɑɚɫɬɨɬɧɨɟ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪɚ Ɍɇɍ (ɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɯɨɥɨɞɢɥɶɧɵɣ ɰɢɤɥ,
ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɧɵɣ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 3 ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɝɢɛɤɨɟ ɪɟɚɝɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɧɚ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɟ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɹ – ɫɦ. ɪɢɫ. 2).
Ⱥɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɢɪɭɟɦɵɯ ɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɥɟɪɚɯ (ɟɟ ɡɚɞɚɱɚ – ɩɨɞɛɢɪɚɬɶ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɬɟɤɭɳɟɣ ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ ɪɟɠɢɦɵ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ Ɍɇɍ).
7/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
Ɉɰɟɧɢɬɶ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ, ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɬɢɜɧɵɯ, ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɩɪɨɱɢɯ
ɮɚɤɬɨɪɨɜ ɧɚ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɬɟɩɥɨɧɚɫɨɫɧɨɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ, ɦɨɠɧɨ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɦɧɨɝɨɮɚɤɬɨɪɧɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ.
ɇɚ ɪɢɫ. 1 ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧ ɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɵɯ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɨɜ ɤ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ.
ɇɚ ɪɢɫ. 2 ɩɪɢɜɟɞɟɧɚ ɛɥɨɤ-ɫɯɟɦɚ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɚ, ɩɨ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦɭ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɟɬ
ɜɫɟɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ, ɩɨɞɛɢɪɚɹ ɫɚɦɵɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɣ ɞɥɹ ɬɟɤɭɳɟɣ
ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ. Ɂɞɟɫɶ Dɑ, DɊ, DɄ – ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɳɟɝɨ ɫɢɝɧɚɥɚ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɹɬɨɪɚ ɨɛɨɪɨɬɨɜ ɤɨɦɩɪɟɫɫɨɪɚ (ɑ – ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ 2 ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 1), ɪɟɝɭɥɹɬɨɪɚ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɚ (Ɋ –
ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ 10 ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 1) ɢ ɤɨɬɥɚ (Ʉ – ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬ 13 ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 1). ɋɯɟɦɚ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ
ɝɢɛɤɨɫɬɶɸ ɞɥɹ ɨɫɧɚɳɟɧɢɹ ɟɟ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɲɢɪɨɤɢɦ ɫɩɟɤɬɪɨɦ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦɨɜ
(ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ/ɨɬɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ, ɬɟɩɥɨɭɬɢɥɢɡɚɬɨɪɨɜ; ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ/ɨɬɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɞɨ-ɜɨɡɞɭɲɧɨɝɨ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɧɢɤɚ; ɩɨɞɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ
ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ ɥɢɛɨ ɤ ɩɨɞɚɱɟ ɚɧɬɢɮɪɢɡɚ, ɥɢɛɨ ɤ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɬɭ; ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɩɥɵɦ
ɩɨɥɨɦ). ȼɵɱɢɫɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɥɟɡɧɨɣ ɬɟɩɥɨɬɵ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɡɚɬɪɚɱɟɧɧɨɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɷɧɟɪɝɢɢ ɢ ɝɚɡɚ
ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɚ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɬɶ, ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɭɹɫɶ ɩɨ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧɢɹɦ ɞɚɬɱɢɤɨɜ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪ,
ɞɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ, ɪɚɫɯɨɞɚ. ɉɪɨɜɟɪɨɱɧɨɟ ɜɵɱɢɫɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ (ɢɧɞɟɤɫ «ɉɊɈȼ» ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 2)
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɦ, «ɡɚɲɢɬɵɦ» ɜ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦ. ȼɵɲɟɭɩɨɦɹɧɭɬɵɟ
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɚɦɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɜɫɟɣ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜ ɰɟɥɨɦ ɢ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɨ ɫ ɡɚɞɚɱɟɣ ɧɟɫɬɚɰɢɨɧɚɪɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɚ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ.
Ɋɢɫ. 3. Ɂɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɬɟɩɥɨɮɢɡɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ ɜɥɚɝɨɧɚɫɵɳɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ ɨɬ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ
Ⱦɥɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɹ ɛɵɥ ɫɨɡɞɚɧ ɩɨɯɨɠɢɣ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦ, ɧɨ ɫ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɦɢ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨ-ɪɚɡɧɨɫɬɧɵɦɢ ɫɯɟɦɚɦɢ ɩɨɢɫɤɚ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ
ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ.
Ɋɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɬ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɜɵɜɨɞ ɨ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɚ
ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ-ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɪɟɝɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɬɟɩɥɨɧɚɫɨɫɧɨɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɩɨ ɮɪɟɨɧɭ.
ɇɚɢɛɨɥɶɲɭɸ ɬɪɭɞɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɪɚɫɱɟɬ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɯ ɩɨɥɟɣ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɝɨ (ɞɨ
100 ɦ) ɩɥɚɫɬɚ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ. ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɡɚɞɚɱɭ ɭɞɨɛɧɨ ɪɚɡɛɢɬɶ ɧɚ ɪɹɞ ɷɬɚɩɨɜ.
1. ɋɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ, ɢ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɟɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨ-ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɧɨɣ
ɫɟɬɤɢ.
459
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
7/2011
ɋɨɜɦɟɫɬɧɨɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɧɟɫɬɚɰɢɨɧɚɪɧɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɝɨ
ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɚ ɞɥɹ ɰɟɥɨɝɨ ɪɹɞɚ ɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɨɜ (ɫ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɣ
ɝɥɭɛɢɧɨɣ ɡɚɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ, ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪɨɦ ɬɪɭɛ, ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶɸ ɩɨɞɚɱɢ).
3. Ⱥɧɚɥɢɡ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɢ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɢɡ ɧɟɝɨ ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɧɨɣ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɢ, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɳɟɣ ɛɟɡ ɩɪɢɜɥɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɵɯ ɚɩɩɚɪɚɬɧɵɯ ɢ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɧɵɯ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɨɜ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɢ ɨɰɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɯ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɯ (ɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɭ ɍɞɦɭɪɬɢɢ).
ȼ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɧɟɫɬɚɰɢɨɧɚɪɧɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɫɨɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɚ ɪɟɲɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɭɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɣ [1]:
w
UC P T ’O’T S E – ɭɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɩɥɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɨɫɬɢ;
wt
wU
’ UU 0 – ɭɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɟ ɧɟɪɚɡɪɵɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ;
wt
w UU
’ UU u U ’p ’W S M – ɡɚɤɨɧ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɦɩɭɥɶɫɚ;
wt
2.
w Uhtot wp
’ UU htot
wt
wt
’O’T ’ UW USM S E – ɡɚɤɨɧ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ
ɩɨɥɧɨɣ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɢ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ;
½
°
°
¾ – ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ
ª§
Pt · º H
w Uk °
¸’H » CH 1 Pk CH 2 UH °
’ UU k ’ «¨¨ P ¸
wt
V H ¹ ¼» k
¬«©
¿
ɭɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɣ, ɪɟɲɚɟɦɚɹ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ k H -ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɬɭɪɛɭɥɟɧɬɧɨɫɬɢ;
T
wUU
’ UU u U ’ P eff ’U ’p ’ P eff ’U B – ɡɚɤɨɧ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɦwt
ɩɭɥɶɫɚ k H -ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɬɭɪɛɭɥɟɧɬɧɨɫɬɢ;
Ɂɞɟɫɶ: U – ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɪɟɞɵ; C P – ɭɞɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɦɚɫɫɨɜɚɹ ɢɡɨɛɚɪɧɚɹ ɬɟɩɥɨɟɦɤɨɫɬɶ ɫɪɟɞɵ;
w Uk ’ UU k
wt
ª§
P
’ «¨¨ P t
Vk
«¬©
· º
¸’k » Pk UH
¸
¹ »¼
O – ɬɟɩɥɨɟɦɤɨɫɬɶ ɫɪɟɞɵ; T – ɚɛɫɨɥɸɬɧɚɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɫɪɟɞɵ; S E – ɩɨɞɜɨɞɢɦɚɹ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɹ; U – ɜɟɤɬɨɪ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ;
W
– ɬɟɧɡɨɪ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɣ, ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɣ ɫ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɨɦ ɩɨ-
ɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɬɹɠɟɧɢɹ; S E – ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤ ɢɦɩɭɥɶɫɚ (ɜɧɟɲɧɢɣ);
htot
– ɩɨɥɧɚɹ ɷɧɬɚɥɶ-
ɩɢɹ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ, ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɚɹ ɫɨ ɫɬɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɷɧɬɚɥɶɩɢɟɣ hT , p ; P eff P P T – ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɚɹ ɜɹɡɤɨɫɬɶ, ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɸɳɚɹ ɬɭɪɛɭɥɟɧɬɧɨɫɬɶ.
ɉɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɱɢɯ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɨɬɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ (ɞɥɹ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ) ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧɨ ɩɨ ɧɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚɦ ɢ ɮɨɪɦɭɥɚɦ
Ⱦɥɹ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹ ɮɚɡɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞɚ ɜɨɞɵ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɟɣɫɹ ɜɨ ɜɥɚɝɨɧɚɫɵɳɟɧɧɨɦ ɝɪɭɧɬɟ, ɢɡ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɜ ɠɢɞɤɨɟ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɥɚɫɶ ɤɭɫɨɱɧɚɹ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ (ɪɢɫ.
3). Ɍɟɩɥɨɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɨɫɬɶ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ O, ɭɞɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɦɚɫɫɨɜɚɹ ɢɡɨɛɚɪɧɚɹ ɬɟɩɥɨɟɦɤɨɫɬɶ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ ɋp
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ Ɍ ɢ ɨɛɴɟɦɧɨɣ ɞɨɥɢ ɜɨɞɵ ɜ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɦ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɩɨ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɸ ɤ ɨɛɳɟɦɭ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɭ ɜɥɚɝɢ ɜ ɝɪɭɧɬɟ x.
ɇɚ ɪɢɫ. 4 ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɚ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ (ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛ ɭɫɥɨɜɧɵɣ) ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɨɝɨ
ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ. Ɍɟɩɥɨɢɡɨɥɹɰɢɹ ɜɟɪɯɧɟɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɫɬɚɛɢɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɬɟɩ-
460
7/2011
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ɥɨɫɴɟɦɚ ɜ ɯɨɥɨɞɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɢɨɞ, ɬɚɤ ɤɚɤ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɧɨɫɚ ɯɨɥɨɞɚ ɫ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ
ɧɢɠɧɢɟ ɫɥɨɢ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ.
Ɋɢɫ. 4. Ƚɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ U-ɨɛɪɚɡɧɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ (ɫɥɟɜɚ) ɢ ɮɪɚɝɦɟɧɬ
ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨ-ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɧɨɣ ɫɟɬɤɢ (ɫɩɪɚɜɚ)
Ɋɢɫ. 5. Ƚɪɚɮɢɤ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ ɧɚ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɟ 2 ɦ ɜ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɪɟɯ ɥɟɬ (ɫɥɟɜɚ) ɢ ɝɪɚɮɢɤ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɴɟɦɚ (ɫɩɪɚɜɚ)
ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɩɪɢɧɹɬɨ: ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɨɤɪɭɠɚɸɳɟɝɨ ɜɨɡɞɭɯ ɩɨ
ɋɇɢɉ 23-01-99* (ɫɪɟɞɧɟɦɟɫɹɱɧɚɹ); ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɬɞɚɱɢ ɫ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ 23
ȼɬ/(ɦ2·°ɋ); ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ ɩɨɞɚɱɢ ɚɧɬɢɮɪɢɡɚ ɜ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪ -2 °ɋ; ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɚɧɬɢɮɪɢɡɚ 1ɦ/ɫ; ɩɨɫɬɭɩɥɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɝɪɭɧɬ ɬɟɩɥɚ ɫɨɥɧɟɱɧɨɣ ɪɚɞɢɚɰɢɢ ɩɨ ɋɇɢɉ 23-01-99*, ɜ
ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɦɟɫɹɰɚ; ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɩɨ ɜɫɟɦɭ ɩɥɚɫɬɭ 6,5 °ɋ.
ɇɚ ɪɢɫ. 4 ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɵɣ ɝɪɚɮɢɤ ɞɥɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ ɛɟɡ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ.
ɇɚ ɧɟɦ ɯɨɪɨɲɨ ɜɢɞɟɧ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɵɯ
ɫɥɨɟɜ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ, ɫ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɟɧɢɟɦ ɚɦɩɥɢɬɭɞɵ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɜ ɝɥɭɛɢɧɭ.
ȼ ɯɨɞɟ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ 20-ɬɢ ɦɟɬɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɵ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɴɟɦɚ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ. ɇɚ ɪɢɫ. 5 (ɫɥɟɜɚ) ɢ ɪɢɫ. 6 ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɨ
ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ ɢ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɴɟɦɚ.
461
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
7/2011
Ɋɢɫ. 6. Ɍɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɟ ɩɨɥɟ 20-ɦɟɬɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɥɚɫɬɚ ɫ ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɵɦ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧɧɢɤɨɦ:
ɫɥɟɜɚ – ɹɧɜɚɪɶ (4 ɦɟɫɹɰɚ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ), ɫɩɪɚɜɚ – ɢɸɥɶ (9 ɦɟɫɹɰɟɜ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ)
Ɇɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɵɦ ɩɨɬɟɧɰɢɚɥɨɦ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɟ ɩɥɚɫɬɵ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ (75-100 ɦ) ɧɚ ɩɟɪɫɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɟ. ȼɵɲɟɢɡɥɨɠɟɧɧɚɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɚ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɧɚɝɥɹɞɧɨɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɨ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɧɨɝɨ
ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɝɪɭɧɬɚ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɷɤɫɩɥɭɚɬɚɰɢɢ. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɫ ɩɥɚɫɬɨɦ ɛɟɡ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ ɫɨɜɩɚɞɚɸɬ ɫ ɞɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɣ. ȼ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɩɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɹ ɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɫ Ɍɇɍ ɧɚ
ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɵɯ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪɚɯ ɨɛɥɚɞɚɟɬ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨɣ ɝɢɛɤɨɫɬɶɸ ɞɥɹ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɝɨ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ,
ɤɚɤ ɬɨ: ɜɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɩɥɚɫɬ ɜɨɞɨɧɨɫɧɵɯ ɫɥɨɟɜ ɢ ɜɨɞɨɭɩɨɪɨɜ, ɭɱɟɬ ɧɟɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɜɥɚɝɢ ɜ ɝɪɭɧɬɟ, ɭɱɟɬ ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɞɟɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɣ ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜ, ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɵɯ ɩɪɢɜɟɫɬɢ ɤ ɪɚɡɪɭɲɟɧɢɸ ɫɤɜɚɠɢɧɵ, ɚ ɬɚɤ ɠɟ ɪɹɞ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɬɟɩɥɨɫɧɚɛɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɤɥɢɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ.
Ʌɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
1. ȼ.ɇ.Ȼɨɝɨɫɥɨɜɫɤɢɣ ɋɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɬɟɩɥɨɮɢɡɢɤɚ. – Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ: ȼɵɫɲɚɹ ɒɤɨɥɚ, 1982. – 415 ɪ.
2. ȼ.ɇ.Ȼɨɝɨɫɥɨɜɫɤɢɣ ȼɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɢɟ ɫɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɨ-ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ. ȼ 3 ɱ. ɑ. I. Ɉɬɨɩɥɟɧɢɟ. Ɇɨɫɤɜɚ : ɋɬɪɨɣɢɡɞɚɬ, 1990.
3. Ⱥɇɋɂɋ CFX, ȼɟɪɫɢɹ 11. Ɋɭɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɹ. : 1996-2006 ANSYS Europe, Ltd., 2006.
4. Ⱦɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɚɰɢɹ ɤ ɤɨɦɩɢɥɹɬɨɪɭ ɂɧɬɟɥ ȼɢɠɭɚɥ Ɏɨɪɬɪɚɧ. : Intel Corporation, 2006. - 304970-002US.
Literature
1. Bogoslovsky, V. N. Building thermal physics [text] /V. N/ Bjgoslovsky/ - M.: Higher School
Publ.,1982. - 415 p
2. V.N.Bogoslovskyi Internal plumping devices. At 3 pt. Pt I. Heating. – Moscow: Stroyizdat, 1990.
3. Ansys CFX, Release 11.0 Help. : 1996-2006 ANSYS Europe, Ltd., 2006.
4. Intel Visual Fortran Compiler Documentation. : Intel Corporation, 2006. - 304970-002US.
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: ɝɪɭɧɬɨɜɵɣ ɤɨɥɥɟɤɬɨɪ, ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɣ ɧɚɫɨɫ, ɧɟɫɬɚɰɢɨɧɚɪɧɵɣ ɬɟɩɥɨɨɛɦɟɧ, ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
Keywords: subterrian heat exchanger, heat pump, transient heat transfer, modeling
e-mail: palka-palka@rambler.ru, tobuk@istu.ru
462
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
7
Размер файла
1 205 Кб
Теги
теплообмена, моделирование, коллекторов, грунт, теплонасосных, установке, нестационарные, образный
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа