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Влияние показателя огнезащитной эффективности на распространение пламени по поверхности огнезащищенной древесины..pdf

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4/2010
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
ȼɅɂəɇɂȿ ɉɈɄȺɁȺɌȿɅə ɈȽɇȿɁȺɓɂɌɇɈɃ
ɗɎɎȿɄɌɂȼɇɈɋɌɂ ɇȺ ɊȺɋɉɊɈɋɌɊȺɇȿɇɂȿ ɉɅȺɆȿɇɂ ɉɈ
ɉɈȼȿɊɏɇɈɋɌɂ ɈȽɇȿɁȺɓɂɓȿɇɇɈɃ ȾɊȿȼȿɋɂɇɕ
EFFECT ON INDICATOR FIRE RETARDANT EFFICIENCY OF
FLAME PROPAGATION ON THE SURFACE OF WOOD
FIREPROOF
Ɍ.Ƚ. Ȼɟɥɶɰɨɜɚ
T.G. Belɫova
ȽɈɍ ȼɉɈ ɆȽɋɍ
ȼ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɨ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɟɥɹ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɯ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɨɜ ɧɚ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ.
The article is performing the influence of the exponent of the fire-protecting efficiency
of some of the fire-protecting means on the expansion of the fire on the surface of the fireprotected timber.
ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɵɥɢ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɵ ɩɪɨɦɵɲɥɟɧɧɨ-ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɟ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ: ɩɪɨɩɢɬɤɢ ( Ⱥɫɮɨɪ, Ⱥɫɮɨɪ-ɷɤɫɬɪɚ, Ɉɝɪɚɤɫ ɉȾ-1, ɉɢɪɢɥɚɤɫ); ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ ( ɇɟɝɨɪɢɧ, ɇɉȼɈ, Ɉɝɪɚɤɫ ȼ-ɋɄ, ɈɁɄ 45Ⱦ, ɋȽɄ-1). Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ
ɝɪɭɩɩ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɨɩɢɬɨɤ ɢ ɩɨɤɪɵɬɢɣ ɞɥɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɥɨɫɶ ɩɨ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɟ, ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɨɣ ɇɉȻ 251-98[1]. Ɋɚɫɯɨɞ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚ, ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɟɝɨ ɧɚɧɟɫɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɜɵɫɭɲɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɨɜɚɥɢ ɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɚɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɫɨɫɬɚɜ. Ⱦɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 1.ɇɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɨɤɨɧɱɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɥɢ ɝɪɭɩɩɭ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɵ:
ɩɪɢ ɩɨɬɟɪɟ ɦɚɫɫɵ ɧɟ ɛɨɥɟɟ 9 % - I ɝɪɭɩɩɭ;
ɩɪɢ ɩɨɬɟɪɟ ɦɚɫɫɵ ɛɨɥɟɟ 9, ɧɨ ɧɟ ɜɵɲɟ 25 % - II ɝɪɭɩɩɭ.
ɍɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ
ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɥɢ ɩɨ ɦɟɬɨɞɢɤɟ, ɩɪɟɞɭɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɧɨɣ ȽɈɋɌ Ɋ 51032-97 [2], ɢɞɟɧɬɢɱɧɨɣ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹɦ ɦɟɠɞɭɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɚ ISO 9239-1. ɗɬɨ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɥɨ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ
ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɧɢɠɟɧɢɹ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɢ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ, ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɦɢ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɦɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚɦɢ.
ɋɭɳɧɨɫɬɶ ɦɟɬɨɞɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɜ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɢ ɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɣ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɢ
ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ, ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɭ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɸɬ ɩɨ ɞɥɢɧɟ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɭ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ ɧɚ ɟɝɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ. ȼ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɵɬɨɜ ɮɢɤɫɢɪɨɜɚɥɢ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ
ɩɥɚɦɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɝɨɪɟɧɢɹ. Ɉɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɭɸ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɭ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ ɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɣ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɢ ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɥɢ ɧɚ ɱɟɬɵɪɟ ɝɪɭɩɩɵ
ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɜ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɫ ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɚɰɢɹɦɢ ȽɈɋɌ Ɋ 51032-97. Ⱦɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 2.
101
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
4/2010
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 1. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ
Ɉɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɣ ɫɨɫɬɚɜ
Ⱥɫɮɨɪ
Ⱥɫɮɨɪ-ɗɤɫɬɪɚ
ɉɢɪɢɥɚɤɫ
Ɉɝɪɚɤɫ-ɉȾ-1
ɇɟɝɨɪɢɧ
Ɉɝɪɚɤɫ ȼɋ-Ʉ
ɋȽɄ-1
ɈɁɄ-45Ⱦ
ɆɉȼɈ
Ɋɚɫɯɨɞ, ɝ/ɦ2
300
350
280
280
350
350
350
350
700
Ɉɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɚɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ, %
17,6
8,8
7,9
8,7
8,9
8,8
7,5
8,7
8,1
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 2. Ʉɥɚɫɫɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɩɨ ɝɪɭɩɩɚɦ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ ɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɨɣ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɢ
ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ
ɤɪɢɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɧɚɹ ɩɥɨɬɧɨɫɬɶ
Ƚɪɭɩɩɚ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ
ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɬɨɤɚ, ɤȼɬ/ɦ2
Ɋɉ 1
11,0 ɢ ɛɨɥɟɟ
Ɋɉ 2
ɨɬ 8,0 ɧɨ ɦɟɧɟɟ 11,0
Ɋɉ 3
ɨɬ 5,0 ɧɨ ɦɟɧɟɟ 8,0
Ɋɉ 4
ɦɟɧɟɟ 5,0
ɗɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɩɨ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɸ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɝɨɪɢɡɨɧɬɚɥɶɧɨ ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ, ɬɟɪɦɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɬɨɥɫɬɵɯ, ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɛɪɚɡɰɨɜ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ 3. ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɫɜɢɞɟɬɟɥɶɫɬɜɭɸɬ ɨ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɢ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɟ. Ɉɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɬɚɤɢɦɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚɦɢ, ɤɚɤ ɉɢɪɢɥɚɤɫ, Ɉɝɪɚɤɫ-ɉȾ-1, ɋȽɄ-1 ɢ ɈɁɄ-45Ⱦ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɝɪɭɩɩɵ Ɋɉ-1, ɬ.ɟ. ɧɟɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɹɸɳɢɟ ɩɥɚɦɹ. ȼɫɟ ɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɧɵɟ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɵ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɧɢɠɚɸɬ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɤ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɸ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ. ɉɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɭɸɬɫɹ ɫ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚɦɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ
[3], ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɨ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɞɜɭɯ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɯ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɨɜ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɵ ɧɚ
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ.
ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟ ɤɨɪɪɟɥɹɰɢɢ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɝɪɭɩɩɚɦɢ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɝɪɭɩɩɚɦɢ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ. ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɚ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ
ɩɪɨɩɢɬɤɨɣ Ⱥɫɮɨɪ (2-ɹ ɝɪɭɩɩɚ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ) ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɨɞɢɧɚɤɨɜɵɦ
ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚɦ ɩɨ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɦ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɫ ɬɚɤɢɦɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚɦɢ, ɤɚɤ Ⱥɫɮɨɪɷɤɫɬɪɚ, ɆɉȼɈ ɢ ɇɟɝɨɪɢɧ, ɨɬɧɨɫɹɳɢɯɫɹ ɤ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɝɪɭɩɩɟ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ.ɋ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɡɪɟɧɢɹ ɧɟɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɚɦɵɦɢ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɦɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚɦɢ ɨɤɚɡɚɥɢɫɶ: ɉɢɪɢɥɚɤɫ, ɈɁɄ-45Ⱦ, Ɉɝɪɚɤɫ-ȼ-ɋɄ ɢ ɋȽɄ-1, ɱɬɨ ɜɢɞɧɨ ɢɡ ɪɢɫ.
1. ȿɫɥɢ ɫɪɚɜɧɢɬɶ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɭ ɷɧɟɪɝɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɹ ɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɨɣ ɢ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɨɣ
ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɦɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚɦɢ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɩɪɢ Q=20ɤȼɬ/ɦ2, ɬɨ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɟɝɨ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɜɫɟɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɵ, ɬ.ɟ. ɷɮɮɟɤɬ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɵ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɭɜɟɥɢɱɟɧɢɢ ɩɟɪɢɨɞɚ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɨɬ ɧɚɱɚɥɚ ɬɟɩɥɨɜɨɝɨ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɧɚ
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɞɨ ɟɟ ɜɨɫɩɥɚɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ.
102
280
280
ɉɢɪɢɥɚɤɫ
Ɉɝɪɚɤɫ-ɉȾ1
Ⱥɫɮɨɪ
Ⱥɫɮɨɪɷɤɫɬɪɚ
ɋȽɄ-1
ɈɁɄ-45Ⱦ
ɆɉȼɈ
ɇɟɝɨɪɢɧ
Ʌɚɤ-1
Ɉɝɪɚɤɫ-ȼɋɄ
1
2
5
6
7
8
9
200
500
300
700
350
300
350
------------
Ⱦɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɚ
ɛɟɡ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɵ
3
4
ɇɨɪɦɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ
ɪɚɫɯɨɞ,
ɝ/ɦ2
ɋɪɟɞɫɬɜɨ
ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɵ
ʋɩ/ɩ
I
I
|
|
|
II
|
|
I
------------
Ƚɪɭɩɩɚ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɣ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ
ɩɨ ɇɉȻ 251-98
*
*
0*
155
145
ɉɨɤɪɵɬɢɹ
>11
>11
>10,9
9,8
9,9
9,0
9,9
>11
11
ɉɪɨɩɢɬɤɢ
0*
50
105
245
1,5
ɄɉɉɌɉ,
ɤȼɬ/ɦ2
860
Ⱦɥɢɧɚ
ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ
ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ, L ɦɦ
0
0
35
310
347
32
65
110
27
0
0
174
7
314
122
0
0
0
Ⱦɨ
ɋɚɦɨɫɬ.
ɜɨɫɩɥ
ɝɨɪɟ.
ɧɢɹ
ȼɪɟɦɹ, ɫ
Ɋɉ1
Ɋɉ1
Ɋɉ2
Ɋɉ2
Ɋɉ2
Ɋɉ2
Ɋɉ2
Ɋɉ1
Ɋɉ1
Ƚɪɭɩɩɚ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ
ɩɨ ȽɈɋɌ Ɋ
51032-97
Ɋɉ4
Ɍɚɛɥɢɰɚ 3. Ɋɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɝɪɭɩɩɵ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ
* Ƚɨɪɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɡɨɧɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɚ ɡɚɠɢɝɚɧɢɹ
4/2010
МГСУ
ВЕСТНИК
103
104
ɱɢɫɬɚɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɚ Ɋɉ4
Ɇ=700ɝ/ɦ2 Ɋɉ2
ɆɉȼɈ Ƚɪ.ɨɝɧ.1
Ɇ=175ɝ/ɦ2 Ɋɉ3
Ɋɢɫ. 1. ȼɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɪɚɫɯɨɞɚ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɚ ɧɚ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɟɪɟɜɹɧɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
Ɇ=150ɝ/ɦ2 Ɋɉ3
Ɇ=300ɝ/ɦ2 Ɋɉ2
Ⱥɫɮɨɪ Ƚɪ.ɨɝɧ.2
Ɇ=140ɝ/ɦ2 Ɋɉ2
Ɇ=350ɝ/ɦ2 Ɋɉ2
ɇɟɝɨɪɢɧ Ʌɚɤ-1 Ƚɪ.ɨɝɧ.1
МГСУ
Ɇ=280ɝ/ɦ2 Ɋɉ1
ɉɢɪɢɥɚɤɫ Ƚɪ.ɨɝɧ.1
ВЕСТНИК
4/2010
4/2010
ВЕСТНИК
МГСУ
Ʌɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
1. ɇɉȻ 251-98. Ɉɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɟ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɵ ɢ ɜɟɳɟɫɬɜɚ ɞɥɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɧɚ ɟɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɟɸ Ɉɛɳɢɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ. Ɇɟɬɨɞɵ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɣ.
2. ȽɈɋɌ Ɋ 51032-97. Ɇɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ. Ɇɟɬɨɞ ɢɫɩɵɬɚɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ
ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ.
3. Ⱥɫɟɟɜɚ, ɊɆ. ɗɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɦɟɯɚɧɢɡɦ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɞɜɭɯ ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɵɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɞɥɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɵ / Ɋ.Ɇ. Ⱥɫɟɟɜɚ, Ȼ.Ȼ. ɋɟɪɤɨɜ, Ⱥ.Ȼ. ɋɢɜɟɧɤɨɜ [ɢ ɞɪ.] // ɉɨɠɚɪɨɜɵɡɪɵɜɨɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɶ. – 2007.
– Ɍ.16, ʋ5. – ɋ.23-30.
Literature
1.
HPB 251-98. Ognezashitnie sostavi u veshestva dlya drevesini u materialov na ee ocnoveniu
Obshie trebovaniya. Metodi ispitanii.
2.
GOST R 51032-97. Materiali stroitelnie. Metod ispitaniya na rasprostronenie plameni.
3. Aseeva, PM. Efektivnoct u mehanizm deiistviya dvuh ognezashitnih system dlay drevesini /
P.M. Aseeva, B.B. Serkov,A.B Sivenkov [u dr.] // Pojarovizrivobezopasnoct.-2007.-T.16, ʋ5. – C.2330.
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ ɨɬ ɨɝɧɹ, ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɪɟɜɟɫɢɧɚ, ɨɝɧɟɡɚɳɢɬɧɚɹ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ, ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɥɚɦɟɧɢ
Key words: means of fire-protection, fire-protected timber, fire-protecting efficiency, expansion of fire
e-mail: [email protected]
Ɋɟɰɟɧɡɟɧɬ: Ɇɹɫɨɟɞɨɜ ȿ.Ɇ., ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɨɪ ɤɚɮɟɞɪɵ ɨɛɳɟɣ ɢ ɧɟɨɪɝɚɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɯɢɦɢɢ ɆȽɈɍ,
ɤɚɧɞɢɞɚɬ ɯɢɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɧɚɭɤ
105
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