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МОЙ ДРУГ КОМПЬЮТЕР 11 2017

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noAp06Hee : http://WWW.avg com/ru-ru/free-antivirusdownload
, ,-------------------------------------------~ '
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: Sophos Home
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KOMnbiOTepbl 1-1 HOYT6YKH OT SHpycos.
noAp06Hee: https://home.sophos.com/
~-------------------------------------------'
,-------------------------------------------, '
\
Avira Free Antivirus
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AVG Antivirus Free
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noAp06Hee: https://www.avira .com/ru/free-antiviruswindows
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Bltdefender Antivirus Free Edition
HeCMOTpSl Ha TO 4TO, S03MO>KHO, 3TO Ha3SaHHe SaM He3HaKOMO, 6ecnnaTHbl~ Bitdefender Antivirus o611aAaer OAHHM 1-13
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noAp06Hee: https://www.bitdefender.com/solutions/
free.html
Avast Free Antivirus
Ha Avast CTOHT o6paTHTb SHHMaHHe y>Ke nOTOMy, 4TO OH
HMeeT 04eHb WHpOKYIO ayAHTOpi-110- 6011ee 400 M11H 4e110SeK
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noAp06Hee: https://www.avast.ru/index
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Cocj>rsepHbl~ rHraHT aKTHBHO corpyAHHYaer c cj>HpMaMHnpo1-13BOAHTens:~MH Acer, Asus, Dell, HP, Lenovo, 1-1 B cKopoM
BpeMeHI-1 U,eHa COOTBeTCTBYIOLl.(HX wneMOB AOfl>t<Ha ynaCTb
c 3000 Aonnapos 3a opHrHHanbHbl~ Hololens AO npHeMneMbiX
300. KcrarH, 6onee 20 Tb1Cl1Y np1-1no>t<eH1-1~ (1-1rp) B Mara3!-1He
Windows y>t<e nOAAep>t<HBaiOT CMewaHHYIO peanbHOCTb.
cMewaHHO~
Ell.(e OAHO KfliOYeBOe HOBWeCTBO «06HOBneHHS1 Afll1
- Hrposo~ pe>t<HM. nocne 3anycKa ni06HMO~
HrpyWKI-1 OTKpO~Te npOcj>HnbHYIO naHenb Yepe3 KOM6HHa U,HIO «Win + G» 1-1 orMeTbTe HY>KHYIO onu,~-110 . OnHCbiBaeMbl~
pe>t<HM npeAoCTaBHT Hrpe 6onbwe CHCTeMHbiX pecypcos 3a
CYeT orpaHHYeHHS1 KOMnbiOTepHbiX MOLl.(HOCTe~ Afll1 cj>OHOBbiX
A1-13a~HepOB »
np1-1no>t<eHH~ .
11
•••
• •
,IJ,pyro~ yB~AeBwe~
fiB!lf!eTcf! ~HTep­
Ha OCHOBe TeXHO!lOr~~
KynneHHO~ Microsoft KOMnaH~~ Beam. Tenepb re~Mepbl
B peanbHOM BpeMeH~ MoryT ap~M~Tb ~rpoBo~ npou.ecc
B Xbox Live, c Hano>KeH~eM Ha Hero B~p,eo c Be6-KaMepbl
~ ronoca c M~KpocjloHa. nocnep,Hee, o YeM CTO~T ynoMfiHYTb,- B napaMeTpax Windows nof!B~flCfl pa3p,en «l!lrpbl»,
cop,ep>Kaw,~~ Haapo~K~ MeHIO ~rp, Game DVR, TpaHC!lf!U.~~
cBeT
cjlyHKU.~e~
aKT~BHaf! TpaHC!lfll.(~fl B~p,eo~rp
~ pe>K~MOB ~rp .
Windows npeTepnen Ba>KHble ~3Me­
HeH~fl: Hanp~Mep, yepe3 «AononH~TeflbHble napaMeTpbl»
Ll,eHTpa B Windows 10 Pro, Enterprise ~ Education MO>KHO
OT!lO>K~Tb yCTaHOBKY 06HOB!leH~~ Ha CpOK P,O 35 P,He~ . ,IJ,!lf!
no!lb30BaTene~ Windows 10 Home yBe!1~4eH BpeMeHHO~
nep~op,, B Te4eH~e KoToporo OC He 6yp,eT BblnO!lHf!Tb nepe3arpy3KY P,flfl yCTaHOBK~ anp,e~TOB,- C 12 P,O 18 YaCOB B CYTK~.
,IJ,anee, Heflb3fl He CKa3aTb, YTO B Bepc~~ 1703 ocyw,eCTB!leH
nepexop, Ha HOBYIO yH~cjJ~u.~poBaHHYIO nnaTcjJOpMy Unified
Update Platform (UUP), no3BO!lf!IOW.YIO yMeHbW~Tb pa3Mep
CKa4~BaeMbiX cjla~flOB 3a C4eT 3arpy3K~ TO!lbKO CaMbiX aKrya!lbHbiX ~3MeHeH~~ . 3TO P,Ofl>KHO cyw,eCTBeHHO YCKOp~Tb
P,OCTaBKY KpynHbiX o6HOB!leH~~ «0KOH», KO~ MOrYT «BeC~Tb»
Ha 35 % MeHbWe.
TaK>Ke nof!B~nacb B03MO>KHOCTb Ha3Ha4~Tb TeKyw,ee
Ethernet-nop, K!liOYeH~e KaK fl~M~THoe P,flfl npep,oTBpaw,eH~fl
aBTOMaT~YecKo~ 3arpy3K~ o6HOB!leH~~ B yC!loB~flx 3KOHOM~~
o6HOBfleH~fl
~HTepHeT-TpacjJ~Ka.
.YHKqHtl «HOIIHOM CB8T»
(Night Light)
«H04HO~
CBeT») -
cBeT» (B
~Hca~p,epcK~x
3aw,~TH~K
Windows o6HOB~f1Cfl 1-lHTepcjle~coM 1-1 Ha3BaCTaB Ll,eHTpOM 6e3onacHocT~ 3aw,~TH~Ka Windows.
np~!lO>KeH~e 06beP,~H~f10 napaMeTpbl WTaTHbiX aHT~B~pyca
~ 6paHp,May3pa, ceMe~Horo p,onyna, B HeM Bbl Ha~p,eTe
OTYeTbl c~aeMbl o pa6omcnoco6Hoa~. onu.~~ o6HOB!leH~fl
yaapesw~x p,pa~BepoB ~ p,a>Ke YT~fl~TY «Ha4aTb 3aHOBO»,
o6ecne4~Ba10W.YIO ynpow,eHHbl~ npou.ecc nepeyaaHOBK~
H~eM ,
onepau,~OHHO~ C~CTeMbl .
lndows Update
Ll,eHTP
QeHTp 6e30ftGCHOCTH
3aii.\HTHHKa Windows
c6op Kax
«lony6o~
pe>K~M. p,y611~py10W,~~ B03MO>KHOCT~ nonynflpHO~
CTopoHHe~ YT~fl~Tbl
f.lux. He3aMeH~M Aflfl 11106~Tene~ H04HbiX
3a KOMnbiOTepoM. Einarop,apfl eMy U.BeTOBO~ cneKTp
CTaHOB~TCfl 6011ee Ten!lbiM C l.(eflbiO yMeHbW~Tb Hanpfi>KeH~e
rna3. ,IJ,a6bl Haapo~Tb «Night Light», nocnep,oBaTe!lbHO pacKpo~Te «napaMeTpbl» ..... «C~aeMa» ..... «3KpaH» ~ «napaMeTpbl
H04HOrD CBeTa».
noc~p,enoK
MeNlO «napaMeTpbl>>
EcTb ~ p,pyr~e ~3MeHeH~fl B MeHIO «napaMeTpbl ». TaK,
HeKOTOpble Haapo~KI-1 pa3pa60T4~K nepeHec B 6onee nop,XOAfiW.~e pa3p,eflbl, nof!B~flCfl oTp,enbHbl~ onu.~oH yapaHeH~fl
Heno!laP,OK (CM. «06HOB!leH~e ~ 6e30naCHOCTb»), aBTOMaT~4e­
CKOrO yp,aneH~fl BpeMeHHbiX cjla~flOB C 04~CTKO~ «KOp3~H bl »
(CM. «(~CTeMa») ~ orpaH~YeH~fl yCTaHOBK~ HaCTO!lbHbiX np~­
flO>KeH~~ cpeP,CTBaM~ C~CTeMbl (CM. «np~!lO>KeH~fl»), C Bap~aH­
TaM~ «Pa3pew~Tb ~cno!lb30BaH~e np~no>KeH~~ 1-13 11106oro
MeCTa», «npep,ynpe>Kp,aTb nepep, yCTaHOBKO~ np~no>KeHI-1~, He
npep,naraeMbiX B Mara3~He» ~ «Pa3pewaTb ~cno!lb30BaH~e
np~no>KeH~~ TO!lbKO ~3 Mara3~Ha».
TaK>Ke B pa3p,en «nepcoHa!1~3aU.~fl» (KaTerop~fl «TeMbl»)
~HTerp~poBan~ CCblflKY «,IJ,pyr~e TeMbl B Mara3~He» p,nf!
Bbl6opa noHpaB~Bwe~cfl TeMbl ocjlopM!leHI-151 B Mara3~He
Windows (ynaHaBn~BaeTCfl B nanKy C:\Program Files\
WindowsApps).A B KaTerop~~ «LI,BeTa» Bbl Ha~p,eTe nan~Tpy,
KOTOpafl n03BOflf!eT np~MeH~Tb 111060~ l.(BeT K 3arO!lOBKaM
OKOH ~ p,pyr~M 3!1eMeHTaM ~HTepcpe~ca. KpoMe TOro, Ha
CTpaH~l.(e HaCTpa~BaeMOrO l.(BeTa 3fleMeHTOB np~CYTCTByeT
6110K, COP,ep>KaW,~ ~ HeP,aBHO ~CnO!lb30BaHHble l.(BeTa.
KaK ~ o6ew,anocb, cn~coK ynyYweH~~ ~ ~cnpasneH~~ npocTO orpoMeH, n03TOMY np~Bep,y OCTa!lbHble 3Ha4~Mble «BKYCHOCT~» Windows 10 Creators, KaK rosop~TCil, «ropil4e~ apoKo~»:
-Dynamic Lock. KoMnbiOTep Hay4~!1Cfl aBTOMaT~4eCK~ 6noK~poBaTbc~. KOrp,a nO!lb30BaTe!15l HeT n06!1~30CT~. 0TCYTCTB~e
X03il~Ha onpep,enileTCfl c nOMOW.biO era TenecjloHa, noP,Kf1104eHHoro 4epe3 Bluetooth (oTK!1104eH~e 3KpaHa ~ 6noK~posKa
C~CTeMbl fl~M~T~poBaHbl 30 CeKyHP,aM~) .
- MeHIO «nycK». nn~TK~ np~no>KeH~~ MO>KHo, nepeTilHyB,
o6bep,~HilTb B nanK~; nof!B~flCil ryM6nep, no3BO!lil10W.~~ cKpbiTb
cn~COK np~!lO>KeH~~ .
- Eipay3ep Microsoft Edge. HoBail cjlyHKU.~fl coxpaHeH~il
BKnap,oK TeKyw,ero ceaHca (ABe KHOnK~ BnesoM sepxHeM yrny);
naHe!lb npep,npOCMOTpa M~H~aTIOp OTKpbiTbiX Be6-CTpaH~U.
(«CTpe!lKa BHI-13» cnpaBa OT KHOnK~ OTKpbiT~il BK!laP,K~).
- Eipay3ep Internet Explorer. Pf~AOM c KHOnKo~ «C03AaTb
BK!lap,Ky» nOilB~flaCb KHOnKa P,flfl 3anycKa Edge; Ha CTpaH~LJ,e
HOBO~ BK!laP,K~ COP,ep>K~TCil HOBOCTHaf! fleHTa .
- Cortana. EcTb nonHo3KpaHHbl~ pe>K~M. KOTOpbl~ B pe>K~Me
6e3p,e~CTB~il OTKPbiBaeTcil nocne KOMaHP,bl «Hey, Cortana»;
c noMOW,biO ronoca nK MO>KHO Bb1Kf1104~Tb, nepe3arpy3~Tb,
OTnpaB~Tb B pe>K~M CHa, ynpaB!lf!Tb ypOBHeM rpOMKOCT~.
- Pep,aKTOp peeapa regedit.exe o63asencfl ap,pecHo~ apoKO~ (coYeTaH~e KflaB~w «Ctrl + L») ~ onu.~oHoM ~3MeHeH~fl
T~na ~ pa3Mepa wp~cjJTa.
- HoBble np~no>KeH~il «3D-npocMoTp» ~ «Mixed Reality
Portal».
- «K~ Ho ~ TB» aano nop,p,ep>K1-1BaTb 360-rpap,ycHble B~p,eo.
- ,IJ,o6asneH cpopMaT nponpaHCTBeHHoro 3ByKa Dolby
Atmos (np~ BK!liOYeH~~ 6yp,eT npeAflO>KeHo yaaHoB~Tb «Dolby
Access» 1-13 Mara3~Ha Windows).
- B yH~sepca!lbHbiX np~no>KeH~flx ~3MeHeHa nonoca npoKPYTK~.
- YnyYweHo
MacwTa61-1poBaH~e ~HTepcjle~ca
Ha High-DPI-
p,~cnneflx.
- no YM0!14aH~IO BK!1104eHO cjlopMaT~poBaH~e pa3P,eflOB
B cjla~!lOBYIO c~aeMy ReFS.
- noilB~nacb nonHail nop,p,ep>KKa TexHonor~~ WiGig
(802.11ad).
- YT~fl~Ta «HO>KHI-ll.J.bl». KnaB~arypHafl KOM6~HaU.~fl «Win+
Shift+ S» no3BO!lf!eT p,enaTb cKp~HWOTbl 3KpaHa.
- Windows 10 Hay4~nacb 3anoM~HaTb yp,aneHHble np~­
no>KeH~il, KOTOpble He 6yp,yT nepeyCTaHaB!l~BaTbCil np~
06HOB!leH~~ 0(.
- 4epe3 HaCTpO~K~ p,aTbl ~ BpeMeH~ aKT~B~pyeTCil K~Ta~­
CK~~ flYHHbl~ Ka!leHp,apb.
- noflb30BaTefl~ n!laHWeTOB 06Hapy>KaT B KOHTeKCTHOM
MeHIO naHe!l~ 3aP,a4 OnLJ,~IO «noKa3aTb KHOnKy CeHCOpHO~
naHe!l~» (B~pryanbHbl~ TaYnap,).
- nof!B~!laCb peKflaMa B npoBOP,H~Ke (TaK Ha3biBaeMble
«non e3Hble coBeTbl»).
p,~cKa
TestSoft.su
MDVI J:\PYr KDMnbtOTEP. MAVl, 20 1 7
nOWArOBAJI AMArHOCTMKA
HEnOnAAOK nK
I·-~·--~------------------------------------------------------------- -
- - -------· - ---------------~,t
: Y npo6.neM
C HaCTOnbHbiM KOMnbtOTepoM MOryT 6b1Tb pa31U1"fHble npM"fMHbl. CneAyH HaWMM CO- :
: BeTaM, Bbl CMO)I(eTe 6biCTpo ycrpaHMTb mo6ytO HeMCnpaBHOCTb.
:
I
BbiXOA n K ~3 CTpOSl MO>KeT npOSlSJHITbCSl no-pa3HOMy.
nocne Ha>KaT~Sl KHOnK~ sKnl04eH~Sl Maw~Ha He
nOAaeT np~3HaKOS «>K~3H~» . V1n~ KOMnbiOTep SKnl04aeTCSl,
HO OTAenbHble KOMnOHeHTbl He QJYHKU.~OH~pyiOT. nepSbiM
AenoM cneAyer pa3o6paTbCSl, 4TO >Ke sce-raK~ pa6o~aer, a 4TO
Her. lopSlr n~ cseTOA~OAbl Marep~HcKoi:i nnarbt? KpyrSlTCSl n~
SeHT~nSlTOpbi? nocrynaeT n~ Ha MOH~TOp C~rHan ~306pa>Ke­
H~Sl? Oro6pa>KaiOTCSl n~ coo6w,eH~Sl BIOS? Ha ocHosaH~~
3T~X Ha6n10AeH~i:i 60nbW~HCTSO npo6neM MO>KHO pa3Aen~Tb
Ha wecrb Karerop~i:i (eM. H~>Ke). ,Ll,nSl Ka>KAOi:i Karerop~~ Mbl
np~SOA~M ~HCTPYKU.~~. COCTOSlUJ,~e ~3 nocneAOSarenbHbiX
waros, C nOMOUJ,biO KOTOpbiX Sbl CMO>KeTe ~CKni04~Tb sepOSlTHOCTb npoaei:iw~x He~cnpasHoaei:i, 4T06bt noroM np~cryn~Tb
K 6onee cno>KHOi:i A~arHOCT~Ke. Ecn~ Ha KaKoM-n~6o ~3 3Tanos
Sbl He A06~n~cb ycnexa, nepexoA~Te K cneAyiOw,eMy, noKa He
pew~re npo6neMy. ,Ll,a>Ke ecn~ Sbl ocraHos~recb Ha KaKoM -TO
ware, pe3ynbTaTbl sawero recr~posaH~Sl snocneACTS~~ craHyr
xopow~M noAcnopbeM AnSI corpyAH~Kos ceps~cHoro u.eHrpa.
Hanp~Mep,
1
&e3
npM3HGKOB JKM3HH
Ecn~
KOMnbiOrep H~KaK~M o6pa3oM He pear~pyer Ha
Ha KHOnKy SKnl04eH~Sl. s nepsy10 oYepeAb cneAyer
nposep~rb n~raH~e ~n~ caMy KHOnKy. Mbt noMo>KeM noKan~3osarb npo6neMy.
1.1. BHEWHHJ/1 OCMOTP. npe>KAe scero nposepbre,
xopowo n~ noACOeA~HeH Ka6enb n~raH~Sl ~ sKnl04eH n~
ceresoi:i <P~nbrp. He ~cKnl04eHa c~ryau.~Sl . KOrAa KHOnKa
6noKa n~raH~Sl Ha TbtnbHoi:i cropoHe KOMnbiOrepa
CTO~T S nono>KeH~~ «BbiKn.».
1.2. KOHHEKTOPbl KOPnYCA. OrKpoi:ire
KOpnyc nK ~ nposepbTe HaAe>KHOCTb COeA~He­
H~Sl KOHHeKropos ~ orcyrcrs~e nospe>KAeH~i:i
Ka6en51 Ha yYacrKe Me>KAY Sb1Knl04aren51M~
~ CSeTOA~OAaM~ KOpnyca ~ MaTep~HCKOi:i nnaTOi:i - S03MO>KHO, KaKOi:i-TO KOHHeKTOp OTOWen
or wreKepa. Ecn~ OA~H ~n~ HecKonbKO
Ka6enei:i OTCOeA~HeHbl, OTKpOi:iTe
pyKOSOACTSO K MaTep~HCKOi:i nnaTe ~ nposepbre, npas~nbHO n~
Ka6en~ nOAK11104eHbl
K WTeKepaM.
Ha>Kar~e
1.3. KHOnKA BKJ1104EHHS1. Ecn~ KOHHeKropbt Kopnyca
nOAKnl04eHbl KOppeKTHO ~n~ ~X nOSTOpHOe nOAKJ1104eH~e
He np~Hecno pe3yllbTaTa, OTCOeA~H~Te OT MaTep~HCKOi:i
nnaTbl see KOHHeKTOpbl. 3areM 3aMKH~Te ASa KOHTaKTa C HaAn~CbiO «Power Switch» c noMOUJ,biO cKpenK~ . Ecn~ KOMnbiOTep
SKJ1104~nCSl, S03MO>KHbl ASa sap~aHTa . nepSbli:i - He~cnpas­
HaSl KHOnKa SKnl04eH~Sl Ha Kopnyce. B 3TOM cny4ae HY>KHO
nOACOeA~H~Tb o6a KOHHeKTopa C HaAn~CbiO «Reset Switch»
K KOHTaKTaM C HaAn~CbiO «Power Switch» Ha MaTep~HCKOi:i
nnare. C 3Toro MoMeHra sKniOYeH~e nK 6yAeT ocyw,ecrsn51Tbc51 c noMOUJ,biO KHOnK~ nepe3arpy3K~ . a KHOnKa sKniOYeH~Sl
nepecTaHeT SblnOnHSlTb CSOIO QJYHKI..(~IO. ,[l,pyroi:i np~4~HOi:i
TaKOi:i He~cnpaSHOCT~ MO>KeT 6b1Tb KOpOTKOe 3aMbiKaH~e
S KHOnKe nepe3arpy3KW 06bi4HaSl KHOnKa S 3TOM cny4ae
pa6oTaTb He 6yAeT, ~ 3anyCK nK CTaHeT S03MO>KeH TOnbKO
nyTeM 3aMbiKaH~Sl ASYX KOHTaKTOS Ha MaTep~HCKOi:i nnare.
noATSep>KAeH~eM AaHHOrD npeAnOnO>KeH~Sl 6yAeT S03MO>KHOCTb 3anycKa nK C OTKnl04eHHOi:i KHOnKOi:i nepe3arpy3K~ .
B TaKOM Clly4ae OCTaSbTe KHOnKy SKnl04eH~Sl nOAKnl04eHHOi:i,
a KHOnKy nepe3arpy3 K ~ orcoeA~H~re . nocne scex 3T~x Aei:i crs~i:i saw nK, cKopee scero, SHOBb 6yAeT sKnl04aTbCSl 6e3
KaK~x-n~6o npo6neM. Ecn~ ~ np~ ~cnonb3osaH~~
OQJ~CHOi:i CKpenK~ KOMnbiOTep OTKa3biSaeTCSl
«craprosarb», ro cneAyer nposep~Tb c~creMy
n~raH~Sl .
1.4. nHTAHHE MATEPHHCKOJ/1
nllATbl. nposepbTe npas~nbHOCTb
nOAKnl04eH~Sl scex KOHHeKTOpOS
6noKa n~TaH~Sl K Marep~HCKOi:i
,•
nnare. Pe4b ~AeT He
1
":' \.~TOnbKO 0 W~pOKOM
•
1 OHHeKTope ATX
a · 24 KOHTaKTaM~,
HO ~ 0 AOnOnH~renbHOM 4eTbl~ peXKOHTa KTHOM
KOHHeKTope P4
AnSl n~raH~Sl npo~ u.eccopa.
1.5. EillOK
J nHTAHHSl.,D,anee
1
j
~ He06XOA~MO
~CKni04~Tb
S03-
.........?" \ MO>KHOCTb SbiXOAa
u:=~~;;.;-~-~ 3 cr p o Sl 6n o Ka
mnaHI-151)],JHI :nora IJOAKni041-1Te K nK ii!CnpaBHbl~ 5n- Hanpi-1Mep, OT STOpOrO KOMnbiOTepa. noACOeAIIIHIIITe 24-KOHTaKTHbl~
KOHHeKTOp ATX ill 4eTblpex- illnl-1 SOCbMIIIKOHTaKTHbl~ KOHHeKTOp
P4 pa6oTatOw,ero KOMnbtOTepa K MaTep~t~HCKO~ nnaTe He~t~c­
npasHoro nK 1-1 nonbJTa~Tecb ero 3anycT~t~Tb. Ecn1-1 nocne 3Toro
OH SKni041-1TC51, 3Ha41-1T, see Aeno S 6nOKe n~t~TaHI-151, KOTOpbl~
He06XOAIIIMO 6yAeT 3aMeHI-1Tb.
1.6. MATEPHHCKMI nnATA. Ecn1-1 see SbJWeon~t~caHHbJe
Mepbl He noMorn~t~, TO, cKopee scero, 1-13 crpo51 SbJwna MaTep~t~H ­
cKa51 nnaTa, KOTopytO ny4we scero 3aMeH~t~Tb , TaK KaK peMOHT He
no rapaHTI-11-1, KaK npas~t~no, He onpaSAbJsaeT ce651. TaK ~t~n~t~ ~t~Ha4e, 3aMeHa MaTep~t~HCKo~ nnaTbJ 03Ha4aeT nonHytO pa36opKy
1-1 c6opKy sawero nK. Ho KAaHHO~ npol..leAype peKoMeHAyeTC51
np~t~crynaTb TOnbKO s TOM cny4ae, KOrAa ~t~cKnt04eHbJ ocranbHbJe
S03MO>KHble Heii!CnpaSHOCTI-1.
2 nK pa6
TO ~T., M NeT lt306paJK&MMCI
nocne SKnl04eHI-151 3KpaH OCTaeTC51 4epHbiM, XOT51 SeHTilln51TOpbl 6noKa n~t~TaHI-151, LJ,n ill SIIIAeOKapTbl pa60TaiOT ill Ha
CltiCTeMHO~ nnaTe rOp51T CSeTOAIIIOAbl.
2.1. nPOBEPKA MOHHTOPA. nepSbiM AenoM HY>KHO
iiiCKni041-1Tb 6aHanbHYIO He~t~cnpaSHOCTb, OTSeTIIIS Ha SOnpOC:
SKnl04aeTC51 nil! MOHIIITOp? Ecnl-1 HeT, TO, S03MO>KHO, ii!MeeTC51
npo6neMa c n~t~TaH~t~eM : Ka6enb OTKnt04eH oT A~t~cnne51 ~t~n~t~ oT
p03eTKI-1 illnl-1 3KpaH ill MeeT SbJKnl04aTenb, KOTOpbl~ ycraHOSneH
S nono>KeHille «BbJKn.». ECnl-1 MOHIIITOp SKnl04aeTC51, OTKpO~Te
3KpaHHOe MeHIO ill nposepbTe, npas~t~nbHO nil! Sbi6paH IIICT04HIIIK
c~t~rHana (VGA/D-Sub, DVI, HDMI).
2.2.3BYKOBbiE H CBETOBbiE CHrHAnbl. Ecn1-1 Ha MOHIIITOp
He noAaeTC51 c~t~rHan ~t~3o6pa>KeHI-151, c~t~creMHa51 nnaTa 4acTo
AaeT 3TO nOH51Tb nyTeM nOAa41-1 3SYKOSbiX n1-160 CSeTOBbiX
CillrHanOS, KOTOpble n03SOn5110T pa3o6paTbC51, S 4eM npo6neMa. 06paT~t~Tecb K pyKoSOACTsy MaTep~t~HCKO~ nnaTbJ, 4T06bJ
onpeAenii!Tb, 4TO 03Ha4aiOT CillrHanbl. 0AHIIIM 1-13 Tillni-14HbiX
Ae¢eKTOS, 0 KOTOpblX C006w,aeTC51 TaKIIIM o6pa30M, MOryT 6b1Tb
He~t~cnpasHbJe ~t~nl-1 Henpas~t~nbHO ycTaHosneHHbJe MOAyn~t~ 03Y,
0 4eM Cii!CTeMHa51 nnaTa, S 3aSIIICIIIMOCTI-1 OT MOAenl-1, npeAynpe>KAaeT C nOMOW,biO 3SYKOSOro CillrHana n1-160 rOp51W,iiiX
CSeTOAIIIOAHbiX naMn.
2.3. KHOnKA nEPE3ArPY3KH. KopOTKOe 3aMbJKaHI-1e
S KHOnKe nepe3arpy3Ki-1 TaK>Ke MO>KeT 6bJTb npi-141-1HO~ yKa3aHHbiX Cii!MnTOMOS. BbJnonH~t~Te nposepKy (nyHKT 1.3).
2.4. BIOS. V1HorAa np~t~4~t~Ho~ nOA06HbJX npo6neM c 3anycKoM
Moryr 6bJTb Henpas~t~nbHbJe HacrpoCiKI-1 BIOS. 4ro6bJ c6poc~t~Tb
napaMeTpbl BIOS, Ha~A~t~Te Ha MaTep~t~HcKo~ nnaTe A>KaMnep
Clear CMOS. Pe4b ~t~AeT o Tpex KOHTaKTaX,ASa 1-13 KOTOpblX coeA~t~­
HeHbJ A>KaMnepoM. 3anoMH~t~Te iiiCXOAHOe nono>KeH~t~e A>KaMnepa,
3aTeM SbJTaw,~t~Te ero 1-1 coeA~t~H~t~Te c ero noMOW.biO APYrytO
napy KOHTaKTOS, nOAO>KAIIITe MIIIHIIIMYM AeC51Tb CeKyHA. nocne
3TOrO yCTaHOSIIITe ero CHOSa S iiiCXOAHOe nono>KeHitle. Ecnl-1 Ha
c~t~creMHoC1 nnaTe eCTb KHOnKa nepe3arpy3Kill, Ha>KM~t~Te ee. Ecn~t~
KOMnbtOTep sKnl04illnc51, nposepbTe HacrpoC1K~t~ BIOS. B 6onbw~t~Hcrse cny4aes Heo6xoA~t~Mo Sb16paTb npas~t~nbHbJ~ pe>K~t~M
pa6oTbJ SATA-KoHTponnepa, KOTOpblM, Ha4~t~Ha51 c Windows XP,
51Sn51eTc51 «AHCI», a He «IDE». nocne 3TOro yKa3aHHa51 npo6neMa
AOn>KHa ii!C4e3Hyrb. 0AHO~ 1-13 S03MO>KHbiX npi-141-1H C6ii!SWIIIXC51
HacrpoeK BIOS MO>KeT 6bJTb pa3p51A~t~swa51c51 6aTape51 c~t~creMHO~
nnaTbJ- o6 3TOM pe4b no~AeT s nyHKTe 3.1.
2.5. onEPATHBHMI nAMSITb. 0 He~t~cnpaSHO~ naM51Till
60nbWIIIHCTSO MaTepltiHCKIIIX nnaT CillrHanl-131-1pyiOT C nOMOW,biO
3SYKOSbiX ~t~nl-1 cseTOBbiX (LED) CillrHanos (eM. nyHKT 2.2). 0AHaKO Mbl peKOMeHAyeM nposepii!Tb pa6orocnoco6HOCTb MOAyne~
onepaT~t~sHo~
naM51TI-1, He AO>K~t~Aa51cb npeAynpe>KAatOw,ero c~t~r­
Hana. B KOMIJbiOTepe AOn>KHbl 6b1Tb ycraHosneHbl KaK MIIIHIIIMYM
ASa MOAYn51- I-13SneKI-1Te OAIIIH ill nonbJTa~TeCb C HIIIM 3arpy31-1Tb
KOMnbiOTep. ECn)-1 nK He SKnl04illnC51 C 3TIIIM MOAyneM, nonpo6y~Te 3anyCTI-1Tb CIIICTeMy CyCTaHOSn€HHbiM Apyrii!M MOAyneM.
Ecnl-1 KOMnbiOTep CTapryeT TOnbKO C OAHIIIM MOAyneM naM51Till,
KaK npas~t~no, 3TO 03Ha4aeT, 4TO Apyro~ He~t~cnpaseH .
2.6. BH,ll,EOnnATA. CpeAI-1 KOMnOHeHTOS nK npo6neMy
npe>KAe scero CTOIIIT iiiCKaTb S IIICT04HI-1Ke CillrHana l-1306pa>KeHI-151 - rpa¢~t~4eCKO~ KapTe. Ecn1-1 saw KOMnbtOTep ocHaw,eH
scTpoeHHO~ S~t~AeonnaTo~, ~t~3sneK~t~Te AiiiCKpeTHYIO nnaTy
1-1 npoTecT~t~py~Te c~t~cTeMy co scTpoeHHbJM GPU. B npoT~t~SHOM
cny4ae nposepbTe, pa6oTaeT nil! nK C Apyro~ rpa¢~t~4eCKO~
nnaTo~ . Ecn1-1 Aa, TO sawa A1-1CKpeTHa51 ~t~nl-1 scrpoeHHa51 S~t~Aeo­
KapTa He~t~cnpasHa.
2.7. nPOUECCOP. He~t~cnpaSHbl~ npol..leCcop TaK>Ke MO>KeT
6bJTb np~t~41-1HO~ Toro, 4TO KOMnbtOTep pa6oTaeT, HO He SbJAaeT
c~t~rHan ~t~3o6pa>KeH~t~51. no3TOMY npoTecT~t~py~Te no so3MO>KHOCTI-1 nepeA cneAytOw,~t~M 04eHb cno>KHbJM waroM pa6oTocnoco6HOCTb nK c APYriiiM COSMeCTIIIMbJM npOI..IeCcopoM.
2.8. MATEPHHCKASI nnATA. BSIIIAYTOro 4TO see Apyr~t~e S03MO>KHbJe ~t~CT04HIIIKI-1 npo6neM Tenepb ~t~cKnt04eHbJ, nocneAHIIIM
«nOA03pesaeMbJM» ocTaeTC51 MaTep~t~HCKa51 nnaTa. npo6neMa
3Aecb MO>KeT 6bJTb, Hanp~t~Mep, s 4~t~ne CMOS, s KOTopoM xpaHii!TC51 BIOS, ~t~nl-1 s w~t~He PCie, K Koropo~ nOAKn104atOTC51 S~t~Aeo­
nnaTbJ. no~t~CK ill ycTpaHeHitle He~t~cnpaSHOCTI-1 S 6onbWIIIHCTSe
cny4aes He onpasAbJSatOT ce651, no3TOMY ny4WIIIM peweH~t~eM
6yAeT cpa3y 3aMeHI-1Tb CiiiCTeMHYIO nnary.
3 BIOS npeKpaaqaeT pa6oyY
3aAa4a BIOS cocTOIIIT s TOM, 4T06bJ noAroTOBIIITb
KOMnbiOTep K 3arpy3Ke onepai..IIIIOHHO~ CIIICTeMbl. Ecnl-1 S npol..leCCe pa6oTbJ BIOS so3H~t~KatOT npo6neMbJ, TO, KaK npas~t~no,
n051Sn5110TC51 C006W,eHI-151 06 OWI-16KaX, C nOMOW,biO KOTOpbiX Sbl
cMo>KeTe 1-1x noKan~t~3osaTb.
3.1. HACTPOI:iKH BIOS. C KOMnbtOTepaMI-1, SbJnyw,eHHbJMI-1
4eTbJpe-n51TbneT Ha3aA, 4acro cny4atOTC51 c~t~ryal..ll-11-1, KOrAa OHI-1
HeO>Kii!AaHHO OTKa3bJSaiOTC51 3arpy>KaTbC51. np1-141-1Ha KpOeTC51
s Hacrpo~Kax BIOS. B 3TOM cny4ae no51Sn51eTC51 coo6w,eH~t~e
«Please enter Setup to recover BIOS setting I CMOS Date/
Time Not Set». Bo~TI-1 s BIOS MO>KHO, KaK npas~t~no, c noMOW,biO
KHOnKI-1 «F1» illnl-1 «Del» npi-1 SKnl04eHI-11-1 nK. nocne 3TOro He06XOAIIIMO SOCCTaHOSIIITb see OCHOBHble HaCTpO~KI-1- Hanp~t~Mep,
Aary, nocneAOSaTenbHOCTb 3arpy304HbJX ycTpo~CTB ~t~nl-1 TaKo~
sa>KHbJ~ napaMeTp, KaK pe>K~t~M pa6oTbJ SATA-KOHTponnepa
(AHCI). nocne SOCCTaHosneHI-151 HaCTpOeK npo6neM C3arpy3KO~
nK 6bJTb He AOn>KHO. 0AHaKO npi-141-1Ha TOro, 4TO HaCTpO~KI-1
c6~t~n~t~cb, KpoeTc51, sepo51THee scero, s cneAytOw,eM: Ha c~t~creM-
14
MDIII .QPYr KOMnbiOTEP. MAVl. 20 1 7
GflABHA>=l TEMA
Hoi:1 n11aTe ~t~MeeTC51 Kpyma51 n11ocKa51 6aTape51, KOTopa51 51B1151eTc51 «asap~tti:1Hb1M» HCT04HHKOM n~t~TaHV151 4~ttna CMOS, 4T06bl
noCJleAH~tti:1 He Tep5111 Hacrpoi:1KH. Ec11111 AaHHa51 6aTape51 pa3P51AH11acb, ee Heo6XOAHMO 3aMeHV1Tb, ~t~Ha4e Hacrpoi:1KH BIOS
6YAYT C6V1BaTbC51 Ka>KAbli:1 pa3 npV1 BbiKJ1104eHHH nK.
3.2. nOCJlEAOBATEJlbHOCTb 3ArPY30l.!HbiX YCTPO~CTB.
ECJl~tt BIOS coo6ll.laeT o TOM, 4TO He MO>KeT Hai:1TH 3arpy3o4Hbli:1
HOCHTe11b, TO 3AeCb MO>KeT 6b1Tb HeCK011bKO npH4HH ..lJ.n51 Ha4a11a
nposepbTe B Hacrpoi:1Kax noc11eAOBaTe1lbHOCTb 3arpy304HbiX
ycrpoi:1CTB. B cospeMeHHbiX CHCTeMHbiX nnaTax Afl51 3Toro HY>KHO
Bbln011HHTb ABe onepat.~HH. B napaMeTpax 3arpy3KH Bbl Hai:1AeTe
nyHKT «Boot priority» («np~ttop~t~TeT 3arpy3o4HbiX ycrpoi:1CTB»),
B KOTOpOM yKa3aHbl TaK~tte KOMnOHeHTbl, KaK >KeCTKHe AHCKI-1,
CMeHHble HOCJ.1Te11H 11111111 OnTJ.14eCKV1e npVIBOAbl. >KeCTKHi:1 AHCK
A011>KeH 0611aAaTb BbiCWHM np~t~OpHTeTOM 3arpy3Kitl.
3.3. HEHCnPABHOCTbAHCKA. Ec11111 AVICK He oTo6pa>KaeTc51
B MeHIO Bbl6opa HOCJ.1Te11ei:1 B BIOS, OTKpOi:1Te nK Itt nposepbTe
HaAe>KHOCTb COeAVIHeHI-151 Ka6e11ei:1 n~t~TaHI-151 Itt HHTepcj)ei:1CHbiX
Ka6e11ei:1 COOTBeTCTBYIOll.lero HOCV1Te11SI. Ec11111 npo611eMa He
peWV111aCb, npoTeCT~ttpyi:1Te AVICK C Apyr~t~M Ka6e11eM, B KOpnyce
Afl51 HDD c HHTep¢ei:1coM USB 11111111 B APYrDM KOMnbiOTepe. EC11V1
V1 3TO He nOMO>KeT, TO, BepOSITHee BCero, HOCHTe11b Bb1We11 1113
crpoSI B pe3y11bTaTe nospe>KAeHHSI KOHTp01111epa. B 3TOM c11y4ae
BOCCTaHOBII!Tb AaHHble, CKOpee Bcero, CMO>KeT 111t!Wb cneu,Ha11HCT
3a BeCbMa HeMa11ble AeHbrH. ECJlH Bbl pery1151pHO C03AaeTe o6pa3bl CHCTeMbl Itt pe3epBHble KOnl-1111 AaHHbiX, TO BaM He06XOAHMO
6yAeT 11HWb 3aMeHHTb AVICK 111 cKon~ttposaTb AaHHble. B npoTHBHOM C11y4ae BaM npeACTOHT n011Ha51 nepeyCTaHOBKa CVICTeMbl.
3.4. 3ArPY30l.!Hbl~ CEKTOP. Ec11111 3arpy304HOe ycrpoi:1CTBO oTo6pa>KaeTCSI B BIOS V1 Bbl MO>KeTe npocMaTp~ttsaTb ero
COAep>KHMOe npH nOAK11104eHHJ.1 K APYrDMY nK, TO, CKOpee
scero, nospe>KAeH 3arpy3o4Hbli:1 ceKTop. 3To AOB011bHO 4aCTo
npOHCXOAHT npl-1 HeyAa4HOi:1 nonbiTKe nepepacnpeAe11eHHSI
AHCKOBOro npOCTpaHCTBa J.111V1 npH YAa11eHHH Linux, HCn011b3yeMOi:1 B Ka4eCTBe BTOpoi:1 onepaU,HOHHOi:1 CHCTeMbl. 4T06bl ycrpaHV1Tb ow~tt6Ky, 3arpy3~t~Tecb c ycraHOB04HOro DVD 11111111 AHCKa
asap~tti:1Horo socCTaHOB11eHHSI. B npot.~ecce 3arpy3KH Bbl6ep~t~Te
«BOCCTaHOBII!Tb KOMnbiOTep» 11111111 «0nt.~HH BOCCTaHOB11eHH51
nK», 3aTeM K11HKHJ.1Te no «BOCCTaHOB11eHHIO CHCTeMbl», noc11e
4ero C11eAyi:1Te yKa3aHHSIM Macrepa. ECJl~tt 3TO He pew1t1110 npo611eMy, TO nonpo6yi:1Te npo~tt3BeCTV1 soccraHOB11eH~t~e spy4Hyl0.
(HOBa 3arpy3HTe nK, KaK On~t~CaHO BbiWe, Itt B HaCTpoi:1KaX
BOCCTaHOB11eHJ.151 CHCTeMbl OTKpOi:1Te OKHO KOMaHAHOi:1 CTpOKI-1.
BBeAHTe B HeM C11eAYIOll.IHe KOMaHAbl:
bootrec•/fixmbr (Enter] bootrec•/fixboot [Enter].
,ll,a11ee nepe3arpy3~t~Te CHCTeMy. ECJl~tt HH4ero He Bbli:1AeT, co3Aai:1Te HOBbli:13arpy304Hbli:1 CeKTOp ..LJ.nSI 3TOrO BHOBb 3arpy3HTe
AVICK BOCCTaHOB11eHV151 CHCTeMbl, OTKpOi:1Te OKHO KOMaHAHOi:1
CTpOKI-1 Itt Bbln011HV1Te C11eAYIOL1.1He KOMaHAbl:
bcdedit•/export•C:\bcd_l [Enter] c: (Enter] cd•boot [Enter]
attrib•bcd•-s•-h•-r [Enter] ren•bcd•bcd_2 (Enter] bootrec•/
RebuildBcd (Enter].
noc11e 3TOro Windows A011>KHa 3arpy3HTbC51. EC11H Itt Tenepb
B03HHKaiOT TPYAHOCTI-1 , C11eAyi:1Te yKa3aHJ.151M HH>Ke.
H~ YAG81'CA aarpyaMYit
OC
4 (nottenweYCa noroYMn Windows,
I
HO CHCYeMa HG aanyCKOeYCSI)
Baw KOMnbiOTep Ha4HHaeT 3arpy>KaTbC51, HO nepeA CaMbiM
n051B11eH~tteM n011b30BaTe11bCKOrO HHTepcj)eC1ca «3aBHCaeT». np~tt
TaKHX CVIMnTOMaX MO>KHO HCK111041t!Tb MHO>KeCTBO np0611eM
c o6opyAoBaH~tteM 111 BIOS.
4.1. YAAJlEHHE nPorPAMM. noc11eAH5151 ycraHOB11eHHa51
saMH nporpaMMa nonaAaeT noA noAo3peH~tte B nepsy10
04epeAb, HO yAa11HTb ee 6e3 pa6oTaiOll.lei:1 Windows 6yAeT
HenpoCToi:1 3aAa4ei:1. noc11e Toro KaK HC4e3HYT c~t~cTeMHble
coo6ll.leHH51 BIOS, Ha>KMV1Te K11as~ttwy «F8». B no51BV1BWeMc51
MeHIO Bbl6ep~t~Te «3arpy3Ka B 6e3onacHOM pe>K~t~Me» . KaK
npaBH110,AaHHbli:1 cnoco6 no3B01151eT 3arpy3~t~Tb OC, eAHHCTBeHHbli:1 HeAOCTaTOK npl-1 3TOM - orpaHH4eHHa51 cj)yHKU,HOHa11bHOCTb. nonbiTKI-1 yAa11HTb nporpaMMY 6YAYT 6e3ycneWHbiMH,
TaK KaK Heo6XOAHMa51 AM 3Toro c11y>K6a Windows Installer
B 6e3onaCHOM pe>K~t~Me, KaK npaBI-1110, He pa6oTaeT. 0TKpOi:1Te
peAaKTOp peeCTpa: HCn011b3yi:1Te KOM6V1Hai..IHIO «Win+R»,
BBeAHTe «regedit» V1 Ha>KMHTe K11aBHWY «Enter». Hai:1AV1Te
s peeCTpe pa3Ae11 HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Current
ControlSet\Control\Safe Boot\Minimal. W.enKHHTe npasoi:1
KHOnKoi:1 MbiWI-1 no 3Ha4KY nanKH P51AOM C «Minimal», 3aTeM
Bbl6ep~t~Te «C03AaTb I Pa3Ae11». B Ka4eCTBe ~t~MeH~tt pa3Ae11a
BBeAVITe «MSI-cepsep». K11HKHHTe npasoi:1 KHOnKoi:1 MbiWI-1 no
CTpoKe «no yMo114aHHIO» 111 Bbl6ep~t~Te «V13MeH~t~Tb». B Ka4ecrse
3Ha4eHJ.151 BBeAHTe C110BO «(epBHC». noc11e 3TOrD 3anyCTHTe
OCHaCTKY «YnpaB11eHHe», ll.le11KHYB npasoi:1 KHOnKOi:1 MbiWI-1
no 3Ha4KY KOMnbiOTepa B MeHIO «nycK». K11HKHV1Te ABa>KAbl
no nyHKTY «Cny>K6bl 111 np~tt11o>KeHH51 I C11y>K6bl» 111 Hai:1A~t~Te
«YCTaHOBll.IHK Windows». 3aTeM ll.lel1KHHTe no Hei:1 npasoi:1
KHOnKOi:1 MbiWI-1 Itt Bbl6ep~t~Te «(BOi:1CTBa». B Ka4eCTBe T~ttna
3anycKa 3AeCb He06XOAHMO yKa3aTb «ABTOMaT~tt4eCKV1», noc11e
4ero ll.le11KHYTb no KHOnKe «3anyCTHTb». Tenepb Bbl MO>KeTe
B 6e3onacHOM pe>K~t~Me 4epe3 naHe11b ynpaB11eHH51 YAa1151Tb
11106ble nporpaMMbl.
4.2. nPOBEPKA 050PYAOBAHHSI. Hosoe o6opyAoBaH~tte
11111111 ero Apai:1sepb1 MoryT o6yc11aB11HBaTb HeB03MO>KHOCTb
3anyCKa nK. 0TK11104HTe nOC11eAHee ycraHOB11eHHOe yCTpoi:1CTBO Itt yAa11HTe ero Apai:1sepb1, np~tt He06XOAHMOCTJ.1 Bbln011Hit!Te
3TO B 6e3onacHoM pe>K~t~Me . YCTaHOB~t~Te noc11eAHIOIO sepc~t~IO
Apai:1sepos c o¢~ttu,~tta11bHoro cai:1Ta npo~tt3BOAHTe1151 111 npoTeCT~ttpyi:1Te yCTpOi:1CTBO nOBTOpHO.
4.3. OTKAT. Ec11111 npo611eMa He pew~tt11acb, CHOBa 3arpy3~t~Te
KOMnbiOTep B 6e3onaCHOM pe>K~t~Me . 0TKpOi:1Te naHellb ynpaB11eHJ.151 Itt cj)yHKI..II-110 BOCCTaHOB11eHV151 onepat.~HOHHOi:1 CHCTeMbl.
V1cn011b3Y51 noMOll.IHIIIK, Bbln011HHTe BOCCTaHOB11eHV1e 0( AO
noCJleAHero pa6oTocnoco6Horo cocro51HH51 . B AaHHOM Clly4ae
yAa1151TC51 nporpaMMbl 111 o6HOB11eHH51, a see Hacrpoi:1K~tt 6YAYT
BOCCTaHOB11eHbl AO COOTBeTCTBYIOll.lerD COCT051HV151. noMOll.IHVIK
noKa>KeT, KaK~t~e nporpaMMbl 6YAYT 3aTpOHYTbl B npot.~ecce
BOCCTaHOB11eHV151, npV1 3TOM 11V14Hble AaHHble OCTaHYTC51 Hei-13MeHHbiMVI. 3Ta Mepa noMoraeT TaK>Ke np~tt 3apa>KeHV1V1 nporpaMMaMH-BbiMoraTe1151MV1, KOTOpble 6110KV1py10T nK, Tpe6y51 3a
ero pa36110KV1pOBKY onpeAe11eHHYIO n11aTy. Ec11111 npV14V1Hoi:1
HeyAa4HbiX nOnbiTOK 3arpy3KJ.1 6bl110 BpeAOHOCHOe nO, noCJle
BOCCTaHOB11eHJ.151 nOllHOCTbiO nposepbTe CBOIO CHCTeMy Ha
BVIPYCbl.
4.4. nPOBEPKA CI>A~JlOB CHCTEMbl. Ec11111 KOMnbiOTep
see ell.le OTKa3biBaeTC51 pa6oTaTb, 3arpy3~t~Tecb, KaK on~t~caHo
B nyHKTe 3.4, C asapV1i:1HOrO AHCKa BOCCTaHOB11eHH51 WindOWS
V1 OTKpOi:1Te OKHO KOMaHAHOi:1 CTpOKI-1. KoMaHAa «Chkdsk C: /f /r»
n03B011V1T nposepV1Tb Itt BOCCTaHOBHTb cj)ai:1110BYIO CHCTeMy. ECJlH
Bawa CVICTeMa paCn0110>KeHa He Ha AVICKe (:, V13MeHV1Te 6yKBy
COOTBeTCTBYIOll.IVIM o6pa30M.
4.5. nEPEYCTAHOBKA CHCTEMbl. non biTai:1TeCb BOcn011b30BaTbC51 V1Mel0ll.IV1MC51 pe3epBHbiM o6pa30M 0( V111V1 n011HOCTbiO
nepeyCTaHOBVITb Windows. Mbl peKoMeHAyeM pery1151pHo
Bbln011H51Tb pe3epBHOe KOnV1pOBaHV1e CVICTeMbl V1 3apaHee
15
·.:
•• .
I
flABHA~
no3a6on1TbCS1 o 3aMeHe Bbl3b1Bato~ero onaceH~Sl A~CKa. Ec11~
nepeycraHOBKa OC He yAa11aCb, He ocraercs:~ H~4ero Apyroro,
KpoMe KaK np~o6pecr~ HOBbl~ HDD.
5
K pa6oTae co c6o•MH
Ec11~ c6o~
B pa6ore cl1y4atoTCS1 Heo>K~AaHHO, o6Hapy6yAeT 04eHb Henpocro: np~4~Ha MO>Ker
6b1Tb KaK B o6opyAOBaH~~. TaK ~ B onepau,~OHHO~ C~CTeMe
~11~ nporpaMMaX. 3AeCb Ba>KHbl C~CTeMHbl~ nOAXOA ~ nOCI1eAOBaTel1bHbl~ nO~CK ~CT04H~Ka npo611eM.
5.1. nP0611EMA B nPOrPAMMHOM 06ECnEI.fEH~~. Y6eA~Tecb, 4TO Ha saweM KOMnbtorepe ycraHOBI1eHbl noc11eAH~e
sepc~~ o6HOBI1eH~~ A11S1 c~creMbl ~ scex npo~paMM- 3TO He
TOI1bKO o6ecne4~saer cra6~11bHOCTb pa60Tbl, HO ~ noBblwaer
6e3onacHOCTb.
5.2. nPOBEPKA nAMSIT~. np~4~HO~ c~creMHbiX c6oes
s npou,ecce pa6oTbl MO>Ker 6b1Tb He~cnpasHaSl onepar~sHaSl
naMS1Tb. KorAa AaHHble 3an~Cb1Batorcs:~ s Ae¢eKTHble o611acr~
naMSlT~, a 3aTeM C4~TbiBatoTCS1 C OW~6KaM~, npo~CXOAS1T
c6o~ B pa6ore nporpaMM ~11~ Aa>Ke see~ onepau,~OHHO~
c~CTeMbl. ,IJ,11s:1 onepar~BHO~ naMSlT~ cy~ecrsyer A~arHocr~4eCKoe nO, KOTOpOe MO>KHO np~MeHS1Tb A11S1 06Hapy>KeH~S1
Ae¢eKTHbiX MOAY11e~. Mbl peKoMeHAyeM socnol1b30BaTbCS1
yr~11~ro~ Memtest86 (www.memtest86.com). 0Ha pa6oraer
KaK M~H~artopHaSl onepau,~OHHaSl c~CTeMa ~ 3anycKaercs:~
c USB-¢11ew-HaKon~rei1S1, 611aroAaps:1 4eMy 3aH~Maer 04eHb
Mal1o naMSlT~ ~ no11y4aer nps:~Mo~ Aocryn K MOAY11SlM. Cpa3y
noCJle 3arpy3K~ Memtest86+ np~crynaer Krecr~posaH~to.,lJ,JlSl
nposepK~ 8 16a~r naMSlT~ DDR3-1333 Ha Hawe~ recroso~
MaW~He norpe6osanOCb 70 M~Hyr. nporpaMMa 6yAeT TeCT~­
poBaTb naMS1Tb «no Kpyry», noKa Bbl He nepe3arpy3~Te nK.
BB~AYTOfO 4TO HeCKOJlbKO npOXOAOB ysei1~4~BatoT WaHCbl Ha
o6Hapy>KeH~e ow~6oK, Memtest86+ AOI1>KHa orpa6oraTb KaK
M~H~MYM 4eTblpe 4aca ~11~ Aa>Ke BCIO H04b. Ecn~ OHa Ha~AeT
ow~6K~. 3aMeH~Te He~cnpaBHbl~ MOAYI1b. Ecn~ >Ke 3Ta nporpaMMa He BbiSlB~T H~KaK~X HenonaAOK, TO C 60I1bWO~ AOI1e~
BepOS1THOCT~ MO>KHO npeAnOJlO>K~Tb, 4TO onepaT~BHaSl naMS1Tb
He S1BJ1S1eTCSl np~4~HO~ C~CTeMHbiX c6oeB.
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orHeCTI-1: Motorola StarTAC, Ericsson A1018s, Sony CMD-J5,
Ericsson T28s, Siemens ME45, Siemens A35, Siemens C35,
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