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a 63
Nr. 1305.
--
p l a n e t
Mittl. Zt. Bilk
@.
AR-
-L
1861 MSrz 22
April 13
15
164
l o h20m26' 5
Did.
179"25' 48"6
176 2 1 2 ~ 0
175 47 4797
10 39 4070
10 21 8 ~ 7
7 Vergl. mit c
10' 38"4
+3. 5 3 4638
$4
0 5899
+2O
8
10
:
:
d
:
:
e
Die Vergleichsterrie wertlen so angenoirimen :
- .
Scheinb. &ter f i r d. Beob.-Tag
Grhe
1861 Marx 25
April 13
15
d
8
9
e
9.10
0
Mittlere &ter
186 1,0
\
179�'31"7
176 20 2971
176 8 2673
+2"13' 56"l
+3 52 0 ~ 3
+4
1 4479
Die Declination des letzten Sterns e ist in Weisse um 5'
179�'17"7
176 19 4 5 3 0
176 7 4233
15"O
4-3 52 1837
+3
2 372
+2'14'
B. Z.
5
:
152
I59
159
zu gross angesetzt.
Uber die Namen der neuesten Planeten, von Herrn Dr. R. Luther.
V o n den Namen der drei neuentdeckteu Planeten babe ich
nur den von
,,Ausonia" angewendet, weil sich our dieser
in den alten Classikern vorlindet, z. B.:
lj in
achtet werden, durfte es auch zweckmsssig sein, die auf der
classischen Mythologie beruhenden Planeten Nanien beizubehalterr, inderu die alleinige Bezeichnung durch Numniero
leicbt eirie rieue ergiehige Quelle von Fehlern und Verwechselungen werden k6niite.
Unclassische Namen sind freilich, wie die Beinamen der
Jupiters-Trahanten , des Uranus, der Ceres, der Pallas etc.
gezeigt haben, auf die Dauer nicht haltbar, so dass e s rathSam sein wird, statt solcher ausscbliesslich die Numiuern zu
gebrauchen.
Ein Mangel an classischen Namen ist aber fur die nachsten Jahre noch keineswegs zu bel'iirchten, s e l b h dann,
wenn keiue grosse Pausen im Entdecken eintreten sollten.
Gegeo Namen wie Erato, Danae, Terpsichore, Aurora, Latona,
Aaanke, Agenoria, Galathea, Semele, Antiupe, Niohe, Dido etc.
wird die Mehrzahl der Aqtronomen wahrscheinlich keine
Einwendungen machen, so dass e s vielleicht am consequentesten sein wurde, als allpemeine Regel aufzustellen :
-
Vir$ils Aene'is lih. X., v. 53-51:
,,- -
Magna ditione jubeto
,,Carthago premat Ausoninm -
-"
2) in Ovids tristium lib. I. eleg. III., v. 5-6:
,,Jam proye lux adertlt, qoaine discedere Caesar
,,Fiuibud exstremae jusserat Ausoniae."
3) in Ovids tristium lih. 11.. v. 575-576:
,,Non nt in Auaoniarn redeam, nisi forsitnn oliin,
,,cum long0 penne tempore victue eris."
Ails der Zusammenstellung dieser und anderer Stellen
in Ovids 4ristium lib .V. el. V. v. 39-40, im Aratus, Livius,
Plinius, Lucan etc. geht hervor, dass die busones Unteritalien
bewohnten, welches oach Auson, einem Sohne des Ulysses,
Ausonia hiess. Der Name Ausonia bat also mindestens dieselbe Berechtigung als die Namen Massalia, Lutetia, Phocaea,
Eugenia, Virginia, Nemausa, deren Classicitat mini Theil sehr
fraglich ist.
So lange als Gr andere Himmelskiirper, z. B. fiir Sterne,
Cometen, die Trabanten des Saturn und Uranus uod sogar
fiir die Moiidgebirge besondere Nanieu fiir zweckmassig er-
,,Classische Nainen w e r d e n gebraucht , u n ,,cIassische v e r w o r f e n ; .fur d i e u n c l a s s i s c h e o
,,Namen h a b e n d i e B e r e c h n e r d a s Recbt, c l a s s i , , s c h e Nanieii zu. s u b s t i t u i r e n . "
?2. Luther.
Bilk h e i D g s f i e l d o r f t861 April 25.
Ephemeris of the Variable St.ars for 1861,
h y Noriiran Robert P o p o n , Director of the Madras Obervatorg.
-- Prtrlicible
Star
V
_
,
,
.
7'Pisciunr
a Cassiopeia
Mng.
bleiin place
in 1860
d
CZ
9,s
@h 2 1
230
0 32
4.6'
35
+13"16'
46
+55
'J'iniea of Maxima
\
Aiitbority
/
Febr. 17, July 10, Nov. 30
Febr. 18, May 8, July 26, Oct. 13, Dec. 31
.
'
rScLiinfeld
Argcfandkr
Nr. 1308.
48t
Star
R Arietia
Ceti
RTauri
STauri
K Orioriis
o
- Mean Place
2h 8??lO?
12 17
4 20 38
4 21 3.2
3,
n Gertiioorum
R C a n . ruin.
7
S c a n . iiiio.
S Gemiporuni
7?Geniinorunr
UGentinorum
K Cancri
U Cancri
8Hytlrae
T Cancri
THydrae
R Leoiiis
R U r s a e niaj.
TLeonis
R Comae
R Virginis
S U r s a e maj.
U Virgin is
YVirgitiis
RHydrae
SlVirgiiris
II Bootis
SSerperitis
R Coronae
R Serpentis
R Herculis
RScnrpii
S Scorpii.
SOphiuchi
S Herculis
ROphiiichi
01 Herculis
?I?Herculis
R SCllti
13 Lyrae
R Aquilae
R Sagittarii
R Cygni
7
7
7
7
8
Orioriis
x CYVi
RCapricorni
1
0
25 7
31 38
+2102??
3 37
9 51
I) 38
7 55
7 23
-
+
+
+
+
+22
55
I4
8 37
+23 1 7
+lO
+
? O 5?
+24
5
46 4 8
8 51
8 27 45
+22
22
9
23
36
23
37
5
31
13
31
+12
3 36
11 57 4
1 2 3 1 24
12 37 4 8
12 44 0
13 20 36
1 3 22 4
13 25 42
14 31 1
1 5 15 7
15 1 2 4 9
+19
3
4-20
-8
+12
+69
6
+I9
7
+6l
6
- 2
-22
- 6
+27
+t4
+28
21
49
35
15 44 15
+l5
34
15 59 56
+ I 8 45
- 2 2 35
-22 33
-16 52
+ l 5 11
8 46 16
8 4 8 40
8 48 51
9 40 2
I 0 34 4 1
11
16
16
16
16
16
17
18
9 19
9 ?LO
26 12
45 32
59 4 1
8 16
3 48
18 40,
I
4
18 59 38
19 8 28
19 33 4
19 45 11
?O 3 28
18 51
-
1860
d
1 91 2 2
5 17 36
6 58 56
01
iii
U
.
+
+
+
+
-15
46
52
19
28
33
28
51
+I4
33
0
- 5 50
4-43 46
+31
+a
1
-19
33
+49
53
+32
33
-14
41
I82
;\ u( hority
Timcs o f Maxima
*
Jan. 23, July 2 8
August 6
June 15
Fehriiary 27
June ti
.!iine 28
January 19
April
Un c erta i ri
July 28
Jan. 5, Oct. 26#
July 28
April 5, Jiily I1. Oct. 16
Between Felir. 15 and April 23
August 3 1
May 1 0
A t Mininium on Sept. 28
May 6
Jail. 2, Nov. 22. At mininium July 9
July 1. At niiuirnum Marcb 10
J a n 5, July 24
October 8
March 16, Aug. 9
Jan. 14, Aug. 28. A t mioiniuni May 21
May 30, Dec. 2 8
July
Novemlier 15. At niinimum Oct. 30
May 8
July 6
March 11
Between July 12 and Sept. 30
August 23
Fehr. 12, Dec. 19
Not during 1861
April 19
April 27, Dcc. 16
Jan. 13, Nov. 1 4
August 28
Febr. 5, April 13, Jrine 18, Aug. 24, Oct.29
April 30, Oct. 7
Jan. 11, l a r c h 27, J u n e 6, AUK.17, Oct. 28
Jan.25, March 14, Apr.28, June 14,Ju1.30, Spt.15,
bJay 26
[oct. 31, Dec. 16
February ? Irregular
Sept. 23. At Minimum April 21
April 20.
September 30
Win. 11. Bnx.
/Ir,yclonder
lVin72ecke
Pop OR
Wiiint!ckc
Pqpon
B0.z. u. -4ry.
Winnecke
Pogson
Winiineke
Argclnnder
PDgsoll
Winnecke
P0.9~011
Winneekc
Pogson
IVinnecke
Argelander
Arg. u. Uux.
-4rgelnnder
Win. U. RRX.
Pop011
Ba Lcendell
Pnyson
Argclander
Kriiger
drgeiaiider
Baxenrieil
Argelander
Popon
.Irgelander
Whiecke
12
?
fir. 1308.
183
- - - Probable
Star
Mean Place i s 1860
Mng.
R Sagittae
UCapricorni
RVulpeculac
TCapricorrii
R Pegasi
R Aquarii
RCassiopeae
d
&
+ 16" 18'
A,O
9,0
20h 7"'10'
20 40 22
20 5 8 10
21 1 1 13
-15
8,s
7,O
2 2 , 5 9 37
23 37 15
--
6,O
23 51 18
+50
10,2
10,s
184
-15
+23
+9
16
18
16
45
46
3
37
Authority
Timer of Maxima
1
-
Atmin. March 10. May21, July31, Oct. 1 1 , Dec.21 Bnxcndell
Pogso?l
Feh ruary
18binecke
Fehr. 11, June 21, Oct. 29
Sctiiiiifeld
Jan. 24, Oct. 25
drqelander
April 15
June 13
Pogron
Sept. 4. At niiuiinuni March 2 0
b l i n i n i a oI' t h e S h o r t P e r i o d V a r i a b l e S t a r s d u r i n g 1 8 6 1
in G . XI. 'r. and for the Earth's Mean Distance from each Star.
Algol.
Maxiniuni 2,3:
Minimum 4,O.
Whole variation completed in never1 hours.
Jao.
3
6
9
12
23
26
29
Pebr. 1
4
15
18
21
24
March 10
13
16
April
2
5
8
22
25
May
28
15
18
Juoe
21
7
10
27
30
July 20
16h 50m
13 39
10 28
7 17
18 32
1 5 21
12 10
8 59
5 48
17 .3
13 52
10 41
7 30
15 34
12 23
9 12
14 5
10 54
7 43
15 47
12 36
9 25
14 18
11 7
7 56
12 49
9 38
1 1 31
11 20
13 2
July 23
Aug. 9
12
15
29
Sept.
1
4
7
21
21
27
Oct. 11
14
17
20
31
Nov. 3
6
9
12
23
26
29
Dec. 2
5
13
16
19
22
25
9b5lm
44
14
11
8
16
13
10
6
14
I t
8
16
13
10
7
18
15
33
22
26
15
4
53
57
46
35
39
28
17
6
21
10
59
48
37
52
11
8
5
16
13 4 1
10 30
7 19
4 7
18 34
15 23
12 12
9 1
Dec. I 1
1i h32"
16 2 1
15 17
14 9
13 I
11 53
Nov. 17
21
25
29
Dec. 3
7
15
19
23
2T
10h45"
9 38
8 30
7 22
6 14
< G e ni i n o r u m.
Maximum 3,8,
Jan.
9
Fehr. 19
March 1
May
11
1
Mininium 4,5,
Increasing 5'gh.
Sept. 2 0
15h 0"
6 12
10 0
13 48
8 48
NOV;
10
20
30
14h 0"
9 0
1 2 48
16 36
'RC a 0 c r i.
Maximum 8,O,
a
Jan.
6
25
Febr. 13
Miniiiium i O , ~ i , Variation rapid.
= 8'3~5~56'
10" 4"
9 18
8 32
= +19'32'.
d
March 4
Dec. 4
23
7h46"
8 36
7 50
BLyrae.
Principal Minimum 4,s
First Maximum
(3,4) -3'
2h after Minimiini
9
:
Second Minimum (3,s) -6
Second Maxiniurn (3,Q) -9 10
:
Jan.
8
June 12
5 50
July
25
8
16"31m
13 34
11 19
9 4
Nov. 14
27
Dec. 10
10h36'
8 13
6 6
A Tauri.
Minimuni 4,5,
Variation rapid.
Maximum 4,0,
1
13b am
April 1 1
7h41m
Jao.
Aug. 30
16 28
5
1 1 57
Sept. 3
15 0
9
10 19
7
13 53
13
9 11
11
I2 45
17
8 33
15
11 37
21
7 25
19
10 '9
25
6 18
7 A q u i 1 a e.
Maxiniuni 3,6,
Fehr. 16
24
29
Julie t 1
July 17
24
Minimum 4,1.
Increasing 2d gh.
1FIi* 7'"
I 5 17
12 28
hug. 22
13 52
11 2
15 16
Nov. 9
Dcc. 15
29
Oct.
4
8h I3m
12 2:
9 37
6 47
3 58
Nr. 130s.
'185
A new arid :q)parently bcantiful Wericliaii Circle by
Trouyhton 8 S i n i r i s is piirtially ~nouiitetl;iiid will I trust
he in full actiori withiri ttiree niontbr. A new equatoreal
rooin is in hand, and onr excellent s i x inch object glass,
formerly ably worked by Captain W.S. Jncob is to be remounted i t s speedily as possible. A fine reflectiiig telescope
(tweuty,four inch speculuni) is on loan rroin Colonel Worsler,
the late Acting Astronomer, a n d t h o oltaervntory is pretty
fiiirly equipped witti smaller instrunletits. Nothing is however realy for use this Spring! A s soon as the VarialBle Star
Atl;ts is completecl' I purpose to coniiiieiice the coiitinuation
of Prof. Argelander'a Celestial Surrey southward of the Equator, as niy own special work. The Meridiati Observatians
hare heen always made here Iiy native :issistiints arid will
continue to Le so under my direction. HonrIy Magnetical
and Meteorological Records have I)e,eti kept through a period
o f .twenty successive years and were discontinued of the I*'
iiistant. Their priblicatioii - prtiidly evxutecl - will be
steadily proceeded with.
The inost defective part of this estalilishnieiit is unquestioiiiibly the Litirary. I t seems a s if the several European
Oliservatories, which so regularly publish and so ljherally
distribute their o bse rva t ion s a n i o n 8 st the working i n ,Pt i t u ti o n s
of the science, had altogether forgotten the Madras Observatory.
Upon application, a grant has been imniediiitely conceded nie
by the Government, to extend and enrich this requisite adjunct to the exertions of th; astronomers, by purchasing
modern works and star-catalogues.
I shall feel niucb gratified if the gentle hint afforded by this announcement should
cause nie to have many letters of grateful acknowledgenient
to write, on behalf of the Government, to donors of works,
which, i f acceptable i n Europe are vastly more s o i n an
isolated position such a s an Asiatic Observatory.
dCephei.
Maxiiiiiirn 3,7, M i n i i i i u n i 4,8,
lncreasing I' 1 ah.
Jan. 3
12h34"'
.lune 29
11"47"
14
6 9
July 26
10 45
19
30
I 4 57
8 32
Febr. 15
March 3
I O 55
1 3 18
6 54
1 5 41
9 1:
13
19
30
April 15
May
Ang. 1 i
28
10
Julie 13
7
Oct.
23
9
20
Nor.
5
21
Dec.
11 40
11 3
1
Sept.
2
7
18
1
1.SG
less.
Rls.
13 7
9 7
11 30
13 53
7, 28
9 -51
11 14
5 49
11 37
8 12
12 24
With niucli regret I hiire again to iipologize for ihe
delay of this aiiiiual paper. Ny iinforeseen change of position aittl rorisecjiient hirideranees 1i1ust prncure ine the indulgence of aatrorioiners, and 1 will eiitlearor to siipply the
epheirieris for 1862 before the close of this year.
The eleiiieiifs of viiriation eriiploycd, itre for the niost
part the uanie a3 for the last ephenieris. I ani however
indehtecf to Dr. W'imecke aiid M. L'o.xenr/cll for several
iniportant corrections a n d contributions, which they have
most obligingly communicated to me. I n a few eases, when
two authorities nearly agreed, the mean date of maximum
has been adopted: in others, when widely different, both
have been given, as probable liniits of the irregularity to be
anticipated.
T h e Hartwell Variable Star Atlas, coninienced and far
advanced during niy two years management of Dr. Lee's
Observatory, in England, h a s of course suffered a serious
interruption, hut will be completed here as speedily a s possible.
The Madras Observatory is at the present moment in a
state of transition and therefore comparatively idle and help-
Norman Robert Pogson,
M a d r a s O b s e r v a t o r y 1861 March 27.
Goverhment Astronomer.
Elemente und Ephemeride des Planeten (64), von Herrn Dr. W. Fiirster.
-- - -
A u s den 4 Berliner Beobachtungen lira 14, 24, April 5, 16
wurden folgende, Elemente gefuntlen :
Epoche April 0,O
M =
qr
=
=
=
cp =
a =
i
log
,u
=
in.
Iiaraus leitete ich folgeiide Epheineride ab:
Berl. Zt.
44O14' 6"2
126 28 1 0 9 5 j 1861,0
311 2 2894
1 19 4090
7 10 l 5 , l
0,427857
809"508
12h m. Zt. Berl.
a app.
April 26
1 1 29"23'
29 14
29 7
29 I
28 57
28 5 1
28 53
2 8 53
11 28 55
27
28
29
30
I
Mai
I
1
2
3
4
aPP.
+Iu29' 1
3073
31-4
3293
33, i
33t7
341 1
34Y4
+I 3495
4l
0,22268
0 Y 23297
0 9 24360
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