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Патент USA US2006450

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Patented July 2, v1935
- 2,006,450
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
John J .' Gaynor, Delphi, Ind, assignor of one-half‘ ,
.
‘to Arthur I. Risser, Chicago, Ill.
'
Application is.‘ 24,1934, Serial No. -r2'z,292_
26 was. . (c1. 226--84)'
‘This invention relates to capping machines, or ing meansof the heads, because of theshort. in:
more particularly to bottle crowners oi" the double terval of time of cooperative relationvbetween- said
head type.
‘ ~'
One of the objects of the invention’ is tofprovide
such a machine of the simplest construction with
a minimum number of actuating parts so as to
promote compactness, and at the same time in
supply means and cap receiving means.
‘
g. Other objects and advantages will become ap
parent by reference to thespeci?cation and the
accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. l is a front view of the capping machine .
embodying the invention with'parts broken'away,
and whereby the caps as applied to containers by parts in section and showing diagrammatically in
dot and dash lines a portion of the ?lling machine. 10.
both capping heads will be uniform. ' ’
‘ ‘
suring reliability'and e?ectiveness inoperation;
Another object of the invention ‘is. to provide
such a capping machine that can be closely ar
Fig. 2 is. a plan section taken on . the section
line 2‘--2 of Fig. 1, with certain parts of thefilling
‘ ~ ‘
3
“
ranged in cooperative relation with the container machine shown in full lines.
conveying means of a rotary type container ?lling
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of certainmechanism
machine, so that the containers will be capped shown in Fig. 1, and as indicated by the section
shortly after being transferred to the capping
heads of the capping machine alternately. _ The
type of‘ ?lling machine referred to, includes a cir
cular rotating container conveyor having periph- I
line 3&3 on‘ said ?gure.
'
Fig. .4 is a plan section taken on‘ thesectionv 7
line 4-4! of Fig. 1. "
.
, .
.
Fig.‘ 5 is a vertical section of the'capping ma
erally arranged vertically reciprocable container chine and portionsof the ?lling machine, the view 20
supports in which the containers are placed to be being taken on the section line 5—5 of Fig. l, with
raised into ?lling heads which depend from the parts of the. ‘?lling machine shown ‘in full
circular liquid‘ supply tankspaccd above the con
I‘ Fig. 6 is a sectional view in large scale showing
veyor and connected to rotate therewith. , As a
the capping heads, the View being taken on the 25
25' rule the tank is of greater diameter than the con
veyor, which relation of ‘parts presents the prob section line 6-? of Fig. 5.
Fig- 7 is a‘plan section taken on the ‘section
lem in arranging the capping mechanism in close
line l—'l of Fig. 6.
Y
'
‘
.
cooperative relation with the conveyor.
Fig. 8 is a vertical ‘section taken on the-section
The capping machine ‘includes two movably
,
_
'
mounted‘ capping heads, each head having means line 8-—8 of Fig. 6.‘
30
lines.
‘
'
I
~
»
'
for receiving a cap and applying same to a con
. Fig. 9 is a bottom view of the capping heads as
tainer upon pressure engagementtherewith when
looking in vthe ‘direction of the. arrow 9' in Fig. 6,
moved in a given direction.‘ A single-driven'ac
and showing certain parts in changed position.
Fig. 10 is a vertical section ofa portion of the
tuator element is included, mounted to move back
and forth and being‘operably connected with the parts shown-‘in- Fig.‘ 6, as taken on the section 35
heads to alternately‘ move same in their .said line It-—lil of said ?gure, and showing certain
,
given directions upon its said‘ movement. Cap parts in elevation.
Fig. 11 is a detail sectional view taken on the
supply means is employed, mounted to move ‘back
and forth and being operably connected with said , section line li—-ll of Fig. 10.
‘40
I
.
I
Fig. 12 is an enlarged detail view: of certain
actuator whereby it is moved into cooperative
relation with and then slightly beyond there“ parts of the-mechanism shown in Fig. 2.
ceiving means of the capping heads upon move
tReferring to Figs. 1, 2 andv?, the ?lling machine
ment of ‘the actuator. Means is. employed for A, a portion only of which] is somewhat diagram-r‘
resiliently operating the actuatorelement in caus matically illustrated, is ‘of a well known type in
ing the heads to exert uniform capping. pressure the rotary class, and as more clearly shownand 45
upon the containers. The cap supplying‘ means described in ~my Patent No. 1,953,476, of May 15,
is ‘caused. to move beyond the cap receiving‘means
of.v thev heads so as. to insure cooperative relation
therewith upon restricted back. and forth move
50 ment of the actuator which. is the result‘ of the
1.934. _ The ?lling machine comprises acircula-r
horizontally ‘rotating ?lling tank 2', suitably
mounted'onia central pedestal, not shown.
Ar- -
->rang.edeo,ually‘ spaced about the axis of the tank
restricted movement of the heads caused by ir andzdepending from the. edge portion of the tank,
regularity in sizes of containers-capped thereby. are vertically reciprocably mounted ?lling heads
Therefore, it is another object of the invention to 3', which are adaptedto dispense liquid from the
provide means associated with the supplying ' tank upon being raised therein. , The?lling ma
means for forcibly feeding. caps to- the ‘cap. receiv~> chine has means for conveying containers orbot
55
2
2,006,450
tles 4 under the ?lling heads in cooperative re mounting on the table near its edge opposite its
lation therewith. Said conveying means includes edge l8, and from which base the rail extends in
a plurality of vertically disposed plungers 5 equal ward over the table with a bottom portion 23, in
ly spaced about the axis of the tank so that each the form of a ‘lateral reinforcing ?ange, spaced
plunger is below and coaxial with a ?lling head. thereabove, to allow passage thereunder of mech
The plungers 5 are reciprocably mounted in bear anism later described. The guide rail 20 con
ings 5 in the periphery of the circular lateral sup tinues into an end portion 24 extending angularly
port extension ‘I of the pedestal supporting the beyond the initial or common station of the ta
tank, whereby the plungers 5 rotate with the tank. ble to project over the path of the stirrups, for
de?ecting the containers or bottles from the stir 10
Secured on the top end of each plunger 5 is a con
tainer support stirrup 8, having an outwardly rups'and onto the table to be positioned at said
open yoke 9 for receiving and positioning under initial station. The inner end 25 of the rail 21
15
20
25
30
35
40.
45
50
55
60
65
75
its respective ?lling head. a container or bottle
4 to be ?lled.
The tank 2 and support extension ‘I of the ?ll
ing machine rotate continuously in clockwise di
rection, as viewed in plan, and as the ?lling ma
chine plungers 5 cross the station, indicated
by the dot and dash line B--B in Fig. 1, the bot
tles are placed in the stirrups by automatic means,
not shown, and at which station the plungers are
in lowered position with the ?lling heads there
over spaced“ above the bottles thereon.
The
plungers 5 are then moved to raised position, by
suitable means, not shown, causing the bottles
thereon to enter and raise the ?lling heads there
over into the ‘?lling tank, and in which position
the plungers remain during considerable move
ment of the tank to effect the filling of the bottles.
The'?lled bottles are then lowered by the plung
ers 5, actuated by suitable means, before reach
ing the receiving station B——-B, and are then trans
is ‘spaced from the rail end portion 24 so as to al
low the bottles being deflected to pass therebe
tween.
‘
15
For transferring the bottles from the common
station E~—E on the table to said separate sta
tions F and G, alternately, a carrier member or
slide in the form of a bar 26 is mounted to move
back and forth, or reciprocate transversely under 20
the path of the bottles in transport from the com
mon station to said separate stations. The slide
bar 26 is reciprocably mounted in a guide groove
21 in the table to intersect its edge 18 at the com
mon station, the bar being retained in the groove 25
flush with the table surface by bolts 21a secured
under the bar and received in slots 21b in the
groove bottom. The bar thus forms a support for
the bottles being transferred from the stirrups
to the table.
Mounted on the slide bar 26 is a 30
container pusher member in the form of a ?nger
28 pivotally mounted on a vertical pin 29 secured
ferred to the capping machine 0, embodying the - on the bar near the table edge i8 and to extend
neutrally inward toward the table and at right
invention.
\
After the plungers 5 reach their lowered posi angles to the bar. The ?nger 28 has limited 35
tion, the ?lled bottles thereon are transferredor oscillatable movement from either side of its neu
de?ected outward from the stirrups onto a bottle tral position, controlled by a pin projection 30
support in the form of a table l0 whose support depending from the ?nger and received in an
ing surface is in the plane of the supporting sur elongated slot Si in the bar, which slot has end
face of the stirrups in lowered position. The table walls engaged by the pin 30 in limiting the move 40
is mounted upon a base or pedestal l I, extending ment of the ?nger.
The slide bar 26 has a throw a little greater
upward from which are spaced apart uprights or
rods l2 and I3 respectively extending through than the distance between the axes of the sepa
bosses M and I5 depending respectively from the rate bottle positioning stations F and G, and the
left and right hand ends of the table. Any suit ?nger 28 is so arranged on the bar whereby the 45
able means may be provided for holding the bottles are initially placed on the table inter~
table in vertically adjusted positions on the up mediate its limits of ‘movement with the bar and
rights, such as the set bolts l6 passing through in the path thereof. The bar 25 is so operated
‘the bosses. The outer edges I‘! of the stirrups are by operable connection with the ?lling machine
formed arcuate, concentric with the ?lling ma whereby, when the ?nger is moved toward the 50
chine tank, and the adjacent edge l8 of the table left with the bar, (see Fig. 2) a bottle is placed
is formed arcuate, concentric with the stirrup in its path from a stirrup, whereupon the ?nger
is caused to engage the bottle initially at its piv
edges and in close relation therewith.
Upon being initially positioned on the table at otal connection and in contact with the trailing
the station indicated by the dot and dash line side of the bottle. By this engagement with the
E-E, Fig. 2, the bottles are alternately trans bottle the ?nger is caused to .be shifted about
ferred by feeding means to two separate stations its pivot to extend away in angular relation with
on the table indicated by the crosses F and G, in the bottle, whereby on continued movement of
cooperative relation with capping mechanism the bar the ?nger urges the. bottle along the
guide rail 20 by de?ection, in that the bottle rides 60
later described.
For feeding or transferring the bottles from the along the ?nger as well as the rail until the
?lling machine stirrups onto the table and di ?nger. reaches its limit of movement with the
recting or guiding same to said separate stations bar 26, at which point the bottle is engaged by
the end 33 of the ?nger in being positioned at
F and G, a central bottle guide member or par
tition I9 is mounted on the table, arranged in the station F, in which position the parts are seen 65
ward of and in line with the initial station of a in dot and dash lines in Fig. 2.
Upon‘ the return movement of the ?nger with
bottle on the table and the axis of the ?lling ma
chine tank and support ‘I. Cooperating with said the bar 26, and toward the right (see Fig. 2), a
central partition on either side for directing bot succeeding bottle has, been placed in its path
tles from said initial station to said separate sta which is transferredto the station G, by the ?n
tions F and G, and slightly therebeyond, are re ger in a manner similar to that in transferring
spectively arcuately formed directing members in the preceding bottle to its station F, wherein the
the form of rails 20 and 2| converging from said succeeding bottle is urged along the rail 2| to the
'
separate stations to the initial station of the ta station G.
Before thepivotal end of the ?nger engages a
ble. ‘Each rail has a short base portion 22 for
4.
2,005,450
04 has a stem 85 extending upward into a bearing
05 in a plug portion 81 secured at the top end
of the capping head plunger, and a coiled spring
08 surrounds the stem and is interposed between
the plug end and the ejecting plunger head, which
head is thereby normally‘held in lowered position
with its bottom end forming vthe top wall of the
cap recess,‘by the annular. shoulder 89 of the
ejecting head engaging the top end portion of the
1.01 constricting ring. The plug 81 on the top end of
each capping head plunger is formed with a
central vertical slot 90 providing spaced fork por
tions 9I through which is mounted a pivot pin
means includes a cap feeder head‘ I08 in the
form of a cross-head mounted for reciprocation
under the magazine discharge end or channel
section I05. To this end the cross-head com
prises a rectangular block having a central guide
groove I09 within which the channel section is
received, and the sides I I0 of the cross-head have
inwardly projecting shoulders III slidably re
ceived in guideways H2 in the sides I01 of the
channel section. Mounted under the cross-head 10
is a bracket , II3 on which is movably or pivotally
mounted a cap pusher element H4 in the form
of a spring pressed ?nger, which ?nger extends
92 on which is rotatably mounted a roller 93 for upward through elongated slots H5 and H6 in
15 providing an operable connection with means for the cross-head and channel section respectively, 15
to project into the path of the crowns in the cap
operating the capping head, later described.
The magazine 11 is in the form of a chute guideway of the magazine discharge end portion
to feed a cap therefrom upon outward movement
with the crowns or caps guided therein in edge
Wisesingle order, and the chute being arcuately of the cross-head. Upon movement of the mag
20... formed with a top vertical end portion 94 piv azine to neutral position between the capping 20
otally mounted for horizontal movement on a heads, the cross-head is positively retracted,
pivot pin 95 depending from a cap sorting de
vice 96, said top end of the chute being arranged
to be in constant register with the‘ lower dis
25; charge end 91 of said device. The sorting device
whereupon the cap pusher ?nger rides under the
crowns to engage the third one from the dis
charge end of the magazine in urging the end
crown into the recess of a head upon continued 25
movement of the discharge end theretoward. The
zontal support 49, which bracket extends upward cross-head is moved forward in feeding a crown
on both sides of the capping heads and there by resilient. means so that the crowns will snap
over.- The chute or magazine extends arcuately into the recesses of the capping heads as the
downward and inward toward the capping heads magazine discharge end is passing thereby. The 30
and terminates in its discharge‘end portion ‘I8 resilient means includes two light coiled tension
which is mounted, so as to be guided in the plane springs II'I disposed on either side of the chan
of the capping head recesses when the heads are nel section I05 with their outer ends, anchored
in raised position, to project into an arcuate thereto and their inner ends secured to the sides
.
a
35.. lateral groove 99 concentric with the pivotal of the cross-head.
is mounted on a bracket 90 mounted on the hori
For positively retracting the cross~head upon
axis of the magazine,’ and formed in the lower
part of the support 49. In the bottom of the movement of the magazine to neutral position,
groove 99 are crown passage~ways I00 through
which the crowns pass from the magazine dis
40s charge end and into the recesses of the capping
heads. The bottom portion IOI of the groove
99 serves to hold the crowns in the magazine dis
charge end upon movement of said end between
the capping heads.
As best seen in Figs. '7 to 11 inclusive, the mag
45
azine is somewhat ?at and rectangular in cross--.
section to snugly position the crowns in single
order therein. The wide sides of the magazine
are formed of thin strips I02 and I03 which are
the following means is provided. Mounted under
the support member 49 and disposed between the
bottom ends of the capping head plungers, is an
40'
adjustable cap feeder head operator support in
the form of a bar I I8 extending toward the piv
otal axis of the magazine and adjustably received
within a guideway I I9 under the support 49. On
the inner end of the bar I I8 is movably mounted
acap feeder head operator I20 in the formof a
lever having pivotal connection as at I 2| with
said bar atone end thereof. The lever I20 has
an elongated longitudinal slot I22 within which
50. connected at their edges by bars I04 forming the is slidably received a roller I23 pivotally mounted
centrally under the magazine channel section
narrow sides of the magazine. The bottom dis
charge end portion of the magazine comprises a ‘I05 near its outer end, whereupon the lever is
horizontally disposed channel section I05 in line oscillated with the magazine. At the free end
with the magazine main portion and having a of the operator lever I20 is a roller I24 for en
55. ?at bottom I06 with raised sides I01 upon whose gagement with‘the depending strike plate por
tops the bars I04 are connected suitably to form tion I25 of the. cross-head I08 for operating the
a gradual upwardly curved continuation of the head. Thus as the magazine is moved to neutral
discharge end.
The strip I02 continues overrthe position, the operator lever is positioned in line
channel section to its outer end to form a closed with same, whereupon the cross-head is moved
60 guideway for the crowns therewith. The other by the lever to its extreme retracted position. 60
magazine side strip portion I03 continues arcu The amount of movement of the cross~head
ately downward into an end portion engaging the is about one and one-half times that of the .di- .
bottom of the channel section in substantially ameter of a crown so as to insure engagement
tangential relation intermediate its ends. Thus of the cap pusher ?nger with a cap in the mag~
65
66. the channel section forms the discharge end con
For regulating the throw of the cap feeder
tinuation of the magazine chute portion proper.
For a purpose later disclosed, the magazine has cross-head I08 in accommodating various sizes
azine.
a normal range of oscillation which causes its
,
>
,
of crowns, the bar I I8 is adjusted toward or away
discharge end to be brought into register with the from the magazine which respectively increases
cap recesses of the capping heads and then con
tinue slightly therebeyond. To insure the feed
ing of a crown ‘into the recess of a capping head
as, the magazine discharge end is passing there
by, means are provided to resiliently urge the end
and decreases the throw of the head in respec
tively handling large and small crowns. For
holding the barI I8 in adjusted positions, it has
a central longitudinal slot I26 through which a
bolt I21 extends and secured in the support 49.
cap in said discharge end into the recess. Said l The cap’ pusher» ?nger H4 is pivotally mount 75
.5
2,006,450
ed on the bracket H3; as at l28,‘within| a ver-.
Under the actuator bar I38 and directly below
tical slot I29 in the inner end ofthe bracket for the portion I55 thereof, is a depending portion
is a notchxvl5n1 for
limited ‘movement, and which bracket has a I55, in the bottom of
horizontal bore 136 within which is‘ disposed a pivotalslidingconnection with a roller I59 on
compression spring -I3I_ interposed between ‘a the .top portion of the dischargeend of the hiaga- .
plug I 32 threaded in the outer-end of the bracket zine, for operating the magazine in timed relation "
bore and a sliding plug. I33 engaging a flat por
tion I34 of the ?nger for resiliently holding the
with the capping heads.-
.
,
y
The actuator bar I38 is sofoperated whereby,
?nger projected into the path of the crowns in as a bottle is being positioned at one of the cap
ping stations F or G, the capping head thereover 1,0
10 the magazine. Thebiacket I I3 is mounted on
the cross-head I08 for longitudinal adjustment ‘is being lowered to apply ‘a crown to the bottle. ‘
for regulating the position of the pusher ?nger To this end the actuator bar-is‘reciprocated by».
with respect to various sizes of crownsv and also the double crank armor member 50, on whose in controlling the amount ofv tension of the central ‘crankpin 1591s pivotally connected one
15 springs II1 required to eject the crowns from end of a resilient link, 169 whose other end in 1.5
the magazine. For instance the farther back the pivotal connection with the outer end of the
I '
' >
bracket with its ?nger is adjusted on the cross.“ actuator bar, as at 1.6!.
.The'resilient‘link is employed to maintain uni
head, less tension or force will be exerted» by the
springs in moving the cross-head to eject the caps formity of pressure of the capping heads upon
V20
or crowns.- To this endthebracket II3 has a the bottles being capped, as well as preventing
guide ridge portion Hi5v received in a guideway breakage of the bottles in the event same become 1
136 in the bottom of the cross-headand being dispositioned under the heads as’ they are low
held in adjusted positions- by ineansof the screws lered- ‘It, is preferable‘ to employ the resilient link
I 31.
29
‘as disclosed in myapplioation Ser. No. 684,236
'
Referrine to Fig. 3, the resilient link Bilin 2.5
eludes respectively inner and outer tubular tele- I
the magazine discharge end is moved into reg scoping sections L62 and I63, having limited
ister with its caprecess andrthen slightly there- ~ slidable movement with respect to each other by
beyond, and whereupon the other capping head means of two opposed pins I64 mounted in‘the
:is moved to lowered position in; applying a crown outer tube section to ‘extend therein, and which
to abottle thereunder. The'means for operating pins pass through elongated slots 1.65 in opposed
The capping heads and magazine are so op
erated that when a head is in raised position,
the capping heads and ~magazine includes an
actuator bar I38 extending alongside the front
of the support 49 and mounted for longitudinal
reciprocation between rollers I39 of two spaced
pairs thereof, which rollers are mounted‘, .on'bolts
Mil secured .onthe support 49 and which‘also'sup
.port stripsv I4! outside the rollers of the pairs for
holding the actuator bar on the rollers. The
actuator'bar .I38 is operably connected with the
capping heads for operating same inthe manner
described, by means of' cam formations in the
form of downwardly converging cam slots I42
and I43 formed in the top portion of the bar, and
which are adapted to respectively alternately re
ceive' rollers M4 and 14.5 at the lower ends of
depending rocker arms I46 and I41 respectively,
for operating the capping heads through opera
wall portions of the inner tube‘ section. Threaded ,
into the outer end of the inner‘ tube section is a
threaded collar I65 through which is slidable a
rod 151 ‘extending into the tube to» normal-yen
gage at its fl'leeend with a plug I68 secured in the
Y
inner end of said tube. .The outer end of f the
rod I 51 is in pivQtal'connection-with the bar
I38 by means of a bearing member I59 mounted
on the end of the rod and fulcrumed on a pin
11.0 extending from the outer end of the‘bargto '
form the pivotal connection It]. In the outer ‘
‘end of the outer tube M53 is a plug 11] secured
thereto and having at the end thereof a split
‘bearing member I12 fulcrumed‘ on the central
pivot pin I59 of ‘the double crank arm to proyide
the pivotal‘ connection‘ therewith. Disposed in
the inner tube is a compression spring, of the
tion ‘of the arms, and upon a complete cycle of coiled type, I13 surrounding ‘the rod, with one end
reciprocation of the bar. The rocker arms are engaging the collar 16.6 and the other enem
respectively mounted on the front‘ ends of hori "eaeing‘ the pins, 164 which project into the inner
.59
zontal shafts I48 and I49 which are respectively tube. ‘At ‘the inner endloi the rod are opposed
mounted in bearings 1.59 and i5! in upward ex laterally extended pinsll‘lsi which are also adante
tensions of the support 49 between which. the I ed to be engaged by the inner end .of the spring
capping heads .are disposed. On the rear .end of normally. 'I'husthe tube sections of the link are
the shaft I48 is an arm I52 whose, free end is‘ normally resiliently held in extended relation, ‘
forked for pivotal connection with the roller 93 in which relation they are urged by the spring
at the top end of the .capping head 31 for operat
‘under stress, and likewise the
ing the head upon oscillation of the arm 145.
rod are held in retracted relation.
tube and the
‘bar is in neutral position, ‘both rocker ‘arms are
depending in converging relation ‘with their roll
ers resting on camv'dwell portions I54 comprising
the top surface of the bar extending away from
on the head in constricting a crown on a bottle,
_ H
‘
link is so arranged thatwhen
.69 Extending from the hub of the rocker arm I41 theTheresilient
‘operating lcentralcrank pin I59 is in dead
is an ‘arm extension I53 whose free end is forked
for pivotal connection with theroll'er 93 on top center relation with the link and axis .of the dou
of the capping ‘head ‘36 for operating the head ble crank arm, with the arm extending toward
upon oscillation of the arm I41. The cam slots the link in causing the operation of the canning
‘I42 and ‘I43 are so spaced that when the'actuator head .31, as seen in Fig. 1A, the pressure?exerted
is taken up in the spring I13 by ,the.compression
thereof, which is .eiliected by the contraction .of
the tube sections, in which position-{the parts of
the loam ‘slots, whereby the heads are. held in the link are seen in ,Fig. 3. \ Likewise, {when the
crank ,pin .159 is in .lclead .center relationwith the
.link and axis of the double crank, withthe crank
path of the rockerarm rollers toenableengage extending away from the link .causingthe .QP
.ment of the rollers in ‘their respective cam slots ..eration of the cappingihead .36., the pressure .ex~
raised ‘position. The portion I55 .of thezbar .be
tween the cam slots extends upward into @the
‘upon reciprocation of the actuator :bar.
'
elated .on the ahead in causing the constriction .of
accent
6
alternately into cooperative relation with the de
l'l3‘by beingv compressed, which is effected by vices, an operator element mounted movable back
a crown on a bottle is also taken 'up in the spring
the extension of the inner tube section and rod
and forth in positive operable connection with
assembly.
the supply means for operating same and in oper
able connection with the devices for alternately
moving same in their said given directions.
3. The structure as de?ned in claim 2, wherein
the cap applying means of the devices is arranged
v'I‘he resilient link
locked in a neutral
pable of extension
stressing action of
may be said to be resiliently
length, from which it is ca
or contraction by the same
a single spring. This con
struction promotes uniformity of caps as applied for pressure engagement with containers in ap
‘to the bottles by both heads. ,
plying caps, and means for resiliently operating 10
During the operation of the capping heads in
capping bottles, the throw of the actuatorbar
the operator element.
7
e
4. The structure as de?ned in claim 2, wherein
I38 is slightly decreased‘ from that when bottles the devices each comprises a capping head hav
ing means for receiving a cap from the supply
are not passing through the machine for cap
ping, because of the limited reciprocating action ing means when in cooperative relation there 15
of the heads which is determined by the height with so as to position the cap in cooperative rela
of the bottles in controlling the amount of cap tion with the applying means of the head.
'20
5. The structure as de?ned in claim 2, wherein
ping pressure'exerted upon‘ the bottle by the
head, as effected by the resilient link, in apply the devices each’ comprises a capping head hav
ing a crown on the bottle. To insure registration ing means for receiving acap from the supplying
of the magazine discharge end with the recesses means when in cooperative relation therewith so
of the heads, in ‘the event over-sized bottles are as to position the cap in cooperative relation
passed through the'machine, which would tend with the applying means of the head, wherein the
to reduce the oscillatory movement of the mag cap applying means of the heads is arranged for
azine because of its positive ‘driven connection pressure engagement with containers in applying
with the actuator bar I38, the magazine is ar caps, and means for resiliently operating the op
ranged so that its discharge end will oscillate erator element. _
>
slightly'beyond the recesses of the capping heads
6. In a container capping machine, two cap;
so that the caps will be discharged from the mag ping heads, each head mounted vertically recipro
‘azine and into the recesses as'the discharge end cable, being laterally spaced from the other‘ head
is passing thereby, diu‘ing'the capping of bottles. and having means for receiving a cap and adapted
Although other means may be employed for to apply same upon being reciprocated, a cap sup
feeding crowns to the magazine 11, the sorting plying member mounted for back and forth hori
device shown includes a crown hopper H5 in zontal movement and adapted to be alternately
as which is contained crown sorting and feeding brought into cooperative relation with the cap
‘mechanism operated by a horizontal shaft H6 receiving means of the heads, an operating mem
mounted to extend through the hopper. The ber disposed to one side of the heads and mounted
shaft H6 is driven by the shaft 58, on which is for back and forth horizontal movement and
a sprocket gear I11 for driving an endless sprock being operably connected with the heads to re
40 et chain I18, which drives a sprocketgear I19 ciprocate same alternately and being positively
secured on one end of a jack shaft !80 centrally operably connected with the cap supplying mem~
mounted in a bearing I81 on the support 49. On ber for moving same'into ‘cooperative relation
the other end of the jack shaft 180 is a sprocket with the cap receiving means of one head upon
gear I82 in‘driving connection with a sprocket the reciprocation of the other head.
'7. The structure as defined in claim 6, wherein
45 gear I83 on the shaft I16 through the inter
mediation of an endless sprocket chain !84.
each head includes means operable upon pressure
Certain organizations of the structure herein engagement with a container when the head is
disclosed forms generally certain subject matter reciprocated for applying the cap, and means for
of my Patent No. 1,958,476, in which said or resiliently driving said operating member.
'50 ganizations are broadly claimed. The ‘structure
8., The structure as de?ned in claim 6, wherein
is also more similarly'dis‘closed in my prior‘co the operating member has two cam formations
'
25
30
85
40
45
50
pending application Ser. No. 722,882, for 'Con» for cooperating in providing separate operable
tainer feeding mechanism, ?led April 28; 1934, connections with the heads for alternately oper
in which the container feeding mechanism‘ is
55 broadly and speci?cally claimed.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. In a container capping machine, two devices,
each device mounted movably and having means
for applying a‘ cap to a container upon pressure
engagement therewith when moved in a given
ating the heads.
.
9. The structure as de?ned in claim 6, wherein 55
the operating member has two 'cam formations
for cooperating in providing separate operable
connections with the heads for alternately oper
ating the heads,v wherein each head includes
means operable upon pressure‘ engagement with 60
direction, cap feeding‘ means, said ‘feeding means a container when the head is reciprocated for
65
and devices arranged to have relative movement applying the cap, and means for resiliently driv
back and forth whereby cooperative relation is ing said operating member.
established alternately between‘ the means and
10. The structure as de?ned in claim 6, wherein
devices, driven operator means operably con the operating member has two cam dwell forma 65
nected to the devices to move same in their said tions each cooperating to hold a head stationary
given directions in alternation, and’ being ar
ranged to effect the relative movement of the upon the reciprocation of the other head.
devices and said means, and means for resiliently
driving said operator means.
'
.
-
11. The structure as de?ned in claim 6, wherein
the operating member has two cam formations
2. In a container capping machine, two devices, for cooperating in providing separate operable
each device mounted movably and having means ‘connections with the heads for alternately oper
for applying a cap to a container when moved ating same, and wherein the operating member
in a given direction, cap supplying means‘mount has two cam dwell formations each arranged in
ed movable back and forth adapted to be brought association with one of the aforesaid cam forma
75
' 2,006,450
tions for. cooperating to 'holda head stationary ‘means for resiliently moving» the feedenhead for,
upon the reciprocationof the other head. ,:.:\
12. The structure as de?ned in claim 6,,wherein l , "20,. The structureas-defined
the cap supplying member is pivotally ~n1oun-ted theicapfeeder,meansincludes acap feeder head
so as to oscillate, wherein the operating; ‘member reciprocably mounted on the discharge ends-paring 3.
lwardr
comprises a bar, and wherein-the supplying mem=~ I
\
-
.
a
i
pressed means mounted onsthe'feeder headadapt
her and bar ‘have portions‘ formed to, provide a ed to engagera; capin said discharge ,endtsoaseto
slidable pivotal connection therebetween. 1' '1- ~ . .
feed same upon'forward movementoftheteeder
13. In a container: capping;machine,.,having vhe,ad,'rneans for resilientlymoving the feeder head
- two capping heads and a cap supply magazine, forward, and a pivotally: mounted lever; in driven ‘
said heads and magazine arranged to have rela
operable connection .witllihe magazine art-drill
tive reciprocatory movement back and forth be driving. connection with the feeder head for posi- ‘
tween limitsrwhereby cooperative relation is es tively retracting the head upon movement of the
tablished alternately between the heads and mag ‘ discharge end to neutral position between the cap
15
.
15 azine, means operable upon said relative move~ ping heads.
21. In a container capping machine, two mov
ment of the magazine, into cooperative rela
tion with a head for urging so as to snap a ably mounted capping heads each having means
. cap from the magazine in feeding same to the
for receiving a cap and applying same to a con
tainer upon pressure engagement therewith when
14. The structure as de?ned in claim 13, where moved in a given direction, cap supplying means, 20
20
in the means includes a cap feeder means recip said capping heads and supplying means arranged
rocably mounted on the magazine being operably to haverelative movement back and forth whereby
arranged to ‘ complete a cycle of reciprocation cooperative relation is established alternately be
head.
,
.
.
upon relative movement of the magazine from _ tween said supplying means and the cap receiving
_means of the heads intermediate the limits of said 25.
operative engagement with an end cap in the relative movement of said means and. heads, a uni
magazine for feeding same when moved in one tary driven actuator element mounted to move
back and forth being operably connected with
direction.
15. The structure as de?ned'in claim 13, where the heads to alternately move same in their said
in the means includes a feeder head reciprocably given directions and operably arranged to'veffect 30
mounted on the magazine and operably arranged the relative movement between the heads and said
to complete a cycle of reciprocation upon relative ' supply means, means for resiliently ‘driving said
movement of the magazine from one capping actuator element, and means for forcibly trans
head to the other, and spring pressed cap pusher ferring caps from the supplying means to the re
means mounted on the feeder head adaptedto ceiving means of the heads when same are in co 35
‘ one limit to the other and adapted to have co
30.
have cooperative engagement with an end cap
operative relation.
in the magazine for ejecting same upon forward
22. In a container capping machine, two mov
ably mounted capping heads each having means
movementof the feeder'head.
'40
‘
.
.
J
16. The structure as de?ned in claim 13,'where for receiving a cap and applying'same to a con
in the means includes a cap feeder head mounted tainer upon pressure vengagenrlent therewith when 40
movably back and forth on the magazine and, moved in a given direction, a unitary driven ac
adapted to have cooperative engagement with an
end cap in the magazine for feeding same upon
its‘ forward movement, and means for causing
the feeder head to complete a cycle of its back
tuator element mounted‘to move back and forth
being operably connectedwith the heads to al
ternately move same in their said given directions‘
upon its said movement, cap supplying means 45
and forth movementupon said relativemovement mounted to move back and forth and in driven
of magazine from one limit to the other.
' connection with said actuator element whereby
17. In a container capping machine, two cap it is moved alternately into cooperative relation
ping heads, a pivotally mounted gravity urged with and then slightly beyond the receiving means
of the heads upon said movement of the actuator, 50
charge end portion adapted to oscillate alternate 'means for resiliently'driving said actuator, and
ly into cooperative relation with the heads to actuated means for forcibly transferring caps
feed caps thereto, cap feeder means mounted for from the supplying means to the cap receiving
50 cap supply magazine having a horizontal dis
longitudinal back and forth movement on said means of the ‘heads when same are in cooperative
55
discharge end portion and operably arranged with
1 55
relation
the magazine whereby upon its movement from
23. In a‘machine of the class described, two
one head to the other the means completes its capping heads each having a cap receiving recess,
said movement for forcibly feeding a cap from a cap supply magazine having a discharge end,
said heads and magazine arranged to have rela
said discharge end.
’
18. The structure as de?ned in claim 17, where tive reciprocatory movement back and forth be
in the cap feeder means includes a cap feeder tween limits whereby substantially at each limit
head reciprocably mounted on said discharge end cooperative registration is established between the
60’
and a spring pressed cap pusher ?nger mounted ' discharge end and a recess, and means operable
on the feeder head adapted to project into the when said registration is established for forcibly
65 path of the caps in the discharge end so as to feeding a cap from the discharge end into the 65
feed same upon forward movement of the feeder
recess.
‘
'
24. Ina machine of the class described, a cap
supply magazine having a discharge end, a mem
19. The structure as de?ned in claim 1'7, where her at said end and having a portion for blocking
70 in the cap feeder means includes a cap feeder head passage of caps from the magazine, said magazine 70
reciprocably mounted on said discharge end, a and member arranged to have relative movement
spring pressed cap pusher ?nger mounted on the back and forth between limits whereby said’por
feeder head adapted to project into the path of tion intermittently blocks the discharge end inter
the caps in the discharge end so as to feed same ‘mediate the limits of its relative movement for
upon forward movement of the feeder head, and allowing intermittent discharge of the caps, and
head.
.
i
8 1
2,006,450
cap feeding means mounted for limited back and cooperative connection with the member and
forth movement, being operatively connected with magazine whereby it oscillates in timed relation
the member and magazine whereby it completes with the relative movement thereof for operating
its cycle of movement during relative movement the feeder head.
lo
26. The structure as de?ned in claim 24, wherein
of the member and magazine from one limit to
the other and arranged to have cooperative en the feeding means comprises a feeder head recip
gagement with a cap in the magazine during its rocably mounted on the magazine, and means for
causing the feeder head to resiliently move for
forward movement.
‘
25. The structure as defined in claim 24 wherein ward in urging a cap from the magazine.
10
the feeding means comprises a feeder head recip
JOHN J. GAYNOR.
rooably mounted on the magazine, and. a lever in
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