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Патент USA US2018541

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Oct. 22, 71935..
c. P. AUSTIN
‘ 2,018,541
7
BRICK
Filed July 30, 1932
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2,018,541
Patented Oct. 22, 1935
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,018,541
BRICK
Clarence P. Austin, Binghamton, N. Y.
Application July 30, 1932, Serial No. 626,486
1 Claim.
(Cl. 72-37)
My invention relates to bricks and is particu
larly directed to corner brick used with facing
brick in building construction and the like.
This invention is especially intended for use
5 with face brick of the type shovm in my copend
ing application Serial No. 550,336 ?led July 13,
1931.
The extended commercial adoption and use of
face brick in place of the old full size brick for
10 building purposes created a problem in connec
tion with the use of brick for corners which would
conform to, in point of space occupied, and ap
pearance, the face brick used in the flat wall sur
faces. To use a full size brick at the corners of
15 a structure where facing brick was used for the
wall surfaces in order to secure the proper full
width appearance at such corners, meant the pro
jection inwardly from the rear surface of the
corner of approximately half of the width of
20 the brick. This was objectionable because fre
quently face brick are used to cover over an old
structure, perhaps of wood construction, and the
shown in Figure 3, namely, in the position and
condition in which it passes through the die in
strip form.
Figure 6 is a detail perspective view illustrating
the use of corner face brick under actual con-
"
ditions of construction.
The reference character I refers to a suitable
container for the plastic brick material supplied
by any suitable apparatus for mixing and forcing
the plastic material therethrough. One end of m
the container I is ?anged as at 2 and removably
secured to the ?ange as by the bolts 3 is the ?ange
4 of an expressing die 5 provided at its front end
with a ?anged plate 6. The die 5 is provided with
a passage 1 therethrough which at the plate 6 1
de?nes the approximate size and shape of the
brick to be formed, by the opening 8. This pas
sage ‘! is wider at the rear end of the die 5, the
side walls of the opening diverging rearwardly as
at 9 so that at the point of communication with
the discharge end of the receptacle 1, such pas
sage is relatively large and then tapers down to
the size of the opening 8.
space between the wall and the narrow face brick,
Suitably provided, preferably integral with the
would not permit the use of a full sized brick at
sides of the die member 5 and centrally of the 15
the corners.’
To meet this problem I have provided a corner passage 1 therethrough and adjacent the point of
face brick which requires no more lateral space communication with the end of the recess l, is a
than do the narrow wall face brick and which supporting bar H] to which is secured a member
ll carrying a plurality of forwardly extending 80
can be made in the process of manufacture to
80 conform in all respects to the appearance as re
gards surface, of the wall face brick.
My invention embodies not only the corner
face brick itself but the method and apparatus
for making the same.
Various objects and advantages in details will
85
be apparent as the description proceeds, refer
ence now being had to the ?gures of the accom
panying drawing forming a part of this applica
tion and wherein like reference numerals in
40 dicate like parts.
In the drawing:
Figure 1 is a side view of a portion of my im
proved brick making apparatus illustrating one
stage in the method of manufacture.
45
Figure 2 is a front view of the expressing and
trimming dies through which the plastic brick
material passes.
Figure 3 is a perspective view of a completed
brick according to this invention, before sep
50 aration for use.
Figure 4 illustrates the corner face brick with
the section removed to adapt it for the purpose
intended.
-
Figure 5 is a detail perspective view of the com
55 pleted brick in a different position from that
pins [2, in the instance here shown, 3 of such
pins, which pins project through the passage 1
to a point just beyond the opening 8 in the plate
6, for a purpose to be described.
_
A ribbon of plastic brick material I3 is forced .5
by any suitable means through the die 5 and out
wardly through the opening 8 in the front end
thereof on to a moving belt 14 preferably of an
endless character, trained over a pulley wheel 15
and driven by any suitable means. This con
veyor belt it may be supported at various points
throughout its length as by additional idler roll
ers l6 mounted in suitable frames l1.
Secured to the front of the plate 6 as by screws
l8 and stretching vertically on such plate across
the ends of the opening 8, are the trimming wires
l9 and 20. These wires are positioned just inside
of the ends of the opening 8 whereby to trim off
the extreme ends of the ribbon of plastic mate
rial l3 as it is expressed through the opening 8
and on to the conveyor belt 14. These trimming
wires perform the twofold function of trimming
the ends of the plastic material to exact size and
also of providing the sides of the plastic material
passing therethrough with the desired texture or a
mat finish desirable in bricks of this type.
2,018,541
Likewise secured on the front of the plate 6
as'by the screws 2| and extending across the
top of the opening 8 is a third trimming wire 22
so positioned‘ as to trim off the top'of the ribbon
the conveyor l4 as before described and due to '
the plastic condition of the material at this point
of manufacture, the cut surfaces adhere to each
other, such adherence being su?icient to hold the
of plastic material also for'the purposes of gov
erning size and providing the mat texture ?nish
ribbon intact during subsequent steps of manu- ’
facture.
' for the completed brick.’ The thin trimmings of
.
'
.
'
Of course, the ribbon l3 of plastic material is
the plastic material from the ends and top of
the ribbon l3 may be guided away from the die
10 and from the ribbon in any suitable manner,
these trimmings being removed entirely from the
plastic material.
subsequently cut into suitable thicknesses de
pending upon the size of brick desired and these '
are then baked or otherwise hardened to form
the ?nished product. When the bricks are ready.
for use, merely tapping the section de?ned by- the
In order'that these corner facing bricks may , cutting operation of the wires 23 and 25 serves
'15
be of the same width or thickness except at one
to remove such section leaving the brick as shown
end; as the wall face brick such as-described and
in Figure 4.
claimed in the above mentioned'copending ap-"
7
''plication, a fourth wire 23 is provided,w secured
nately as the corner of a wall is built up, it’
will be seen that the outside appearance is that
01' a fullsized brick while as a matter of fact
the corners are of the same thickness as the 2Q
narrow face brick'used ‘in the. wall surfaces;
The removable section of the brick has been
~ at one end to screw 24, on the plate 6 and at the
other end to-the end of one of the pins l2 ex
20 tending through the die 5 and outwardly through
v the opening 8. ‘The selection of the pin l2 to
which the inner end of the'wire 23 is attached
'25
depends upon the size of the portion of the brick
it is desired to cut by this wire 23. 'Still another
wire 25 is secured at one end by the screw 26
on the plate 6 and extends‘ vertically and in
‘parallel relation to the wire. 20 and is secured
'at'its opposite end to the same pin, l2 to which
the Wire723 is anchored. Obviously therefore, as
the plastic material I3 is expressed through the
die and through the opening 8, the wires 23 and
25 cutthe same, the wire 23 cutting the ribbon
of plastic material substantially centrally for a
portion of the length of the opening 8 and the
"wire 25 cutting the ribbon’ vertically at a point
spaced from one end of the opening 8,, these two
V
'
15
By reversing the position of such brick alter- .
esignated at 28 and the portion used in actual
construction indicated at 29. By my process these
sections are left intact with their cut surfaces 25
adhering together during all the steps of manu
facture and transportation to the point of'use
which serves as a protection to the corners and
edges and greatly reduces loss through breakage,
etc.
'
r
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30
It will also be noted that by virtue of the trim
ming wires I9, 20, and 22, the surfaces of the
corner face brick which are exposedare of the
same texture and mat ?nish as the wall face
brick as manufactured in ‘accordance with said 35'
copending application Serial No. 550,336.
' cuts joining at the opening 21 provided by the
Of course, changes and modi?cations may be
made by way of detail without departing from
the spirit and scope of my vinvention. I do not
may be a single length wire merely turned limit myself, therefore, to the exact form herein ‘0
46 ‘25
around ‘the pin l2.
shown and described other than by the appended
It will thus be seen that by thismeans the claim.
'
[
vpin l2 as the material is pressed through the die.
It will be obvious, of course, the wires 23 and
horizontal and’ vertical cuts made by the wires
23 and 25 define a portion of the brick which
7 4'5‘ is eventually to be removed before use, as shown
clearly in Figures 3 and 5, leaving a brick of the
shape shown in Figure 4 for use at the comers
' r of a building construction. The pins I2, of course,
all provide the openings 21 through the brick
V 56 material which facilitates subsequent separation
of the section to'be removed and which, of course,
IVVclalm:
..
r
'
A corner facing brick comprising a substan
tially rectangular block having a cut through 45'
its body for a portion of its length and a second
cut at an angle to and intersecting said ?rst cut,
the portions of said block divided by said cuts
adhering together and being separable by tap- '
ping, one of said portions extending from a point s01
spaced from one end of said block and from sub
i do not interefere with the appearance of the brick stantially half the width thereof, for the rest of
inasmuch as these openings are on the inside the lengthrof the block and leaving'a substan
surface in use, as shown clearly in Figure 6. r
tially L shaped corner facing brick.
The ribbon of plastic material l3 after being
so cutby the wires 23 and 25 moves along‘with
- CLARENCE P. AUSTIN
55'
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