Патент USA US2026826код для вставки
Jan. 7, 1936. H. J. DILLON ' 2,026,826 FRAMELESS TANK VEHICLE ‘ Filed March 28, 1934 '4 Sheets-Sheet l .3. we //2 C M C 2/ 4/ZZ3/ A I _ BY Mé lNvENiI‘OR‘ 5 v Jan- 7, 1936- H. J. DILLON 2,026,826 FRAMELESS TANK VEHICLE Filed March 28, 1934 v4 Sheets-Sheet 2 I43 250 32 Z/ 22 I 23/9 96 x00 ' I09 .97 F ~’ ’ 'VI‘NVENTOR. WM w”, I I' ‘id-“1301210512. ’ Jan. 7, 1936. H. J. DILLON 2,026,826 FRAMELESS TANK VEHICLE Filed - March 28 , 1934 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 Jan. '_7, 1936. H. J. DILLON FRAMELESS TANK VEHICLE Filed March 28, 1964 @1/20 ,58 as l4 7 34 /4'6 45 44 y l!’ “a ' 2,026,826 ’ 4 Sheets-Snack 4 Patented" iJan.v 7,- 1936 I ammo STATES PATENT OFFICE , aczaszc FRAMELESS TANK VEHICLE Hugh Joseph Dillon, Highland Park, Mich. , Application March 28,1934, Serial No. 717,804 21 Claims. (e1. 2804) ~ My invention relates to improvements in ve- ‘ Fig. 4, a rear end view of the vehicle disclosed in hicles provided with a tank‘ or similar tank memher for supporting the load being transported; Figs. 1, 2, and 3; Fig. 5, a section of the vehicle taken on the line 5-5, Fig. 1; Fig. 6, a section of’ and the objects‘ of my improvements are, ?rst, to. the tank and its side compartments together with 5 provide aframeless tankvehicle in which the tank or similar member is used for supporting the for power transmitting and transmission the powerunits to thewhich drivingare axles used or axles of the vehicle; second, to provide a vehicle 10 havingatank member constructed as an integral unit extending throughout the total length ot-the its exhaust conduit. baffle, said section being taken on the line 6—6, Fig. 1; Fig, 7, a substanbelow tially its horizontal compartments Sectionand through above the the tank chassis of the vehicle, said section being taken on the line 1-—‘|, said view disclosing the supporting tank bracket members of the tank unit in .full; Fig. 8. vehicle, the integral unit thus providing inherent structural strength for supporting thereon the power generating means of the vehicle; third, to a side view of the chassis and the ‘portions dis closed in Fig. 7; Fig. 9, a vertical section through the exhaust conduits and their bai‘?e member.. 15 provide a vehicle'with a tank or similar member < said section bein having its wall portions extended to form a sup- Fig- 10, a Vertical 5 ' 10 } ken on the line 9-9, Fig. 7; 15 ‘on taken on the line Ill-l0, porting structure for the power and accessory units of the vehicle; fourth, to provide a tank Fig. 7, said section disclosing the rear supporting tank brackets of thénsltank for connecting with unit for a vehicle having its wall portions ex- the rear springs of the vehicle; Fig. 11, a. vertical :9 tended to form the cab portion of the vehicle; vsection through the means for connecting the 20 fifth, to provide a streamline tank unit for a torque members, of the‘ front axle, with the tank vehicle; sixth, to provide a vehicle having its unit,- said section being taken on the line Il-ll, exhaust conduit means protected by ba?ie means - Fig. 8; Fig. 12, a vertical section of an alterna to prevent the possibility of any'in?ammable ma_ tive design of vehicle body provided with a beam 25 terial, which is being transported in a tank on structure extending longitudinally similar to that 25 the vehicle, from contacting the exhaust con- disclosed relative to the vehicle tank unit; Fig. duit means; seventh. to Provide a tank unit hav- 13, a vertical section through the front engine ing an exhaustconduit ba?le so constructed as to support means; Fig- 14, .a Partial vertical’ sec provi‘de structural strength to the tank unit; tion through the cab compartment taken on the 30 eighth, to provide a vehicle having a' pair of en- line ll-M, Fig. 2, and Fig. 15, a side view of the 30 gine assemblies with their exhaust conduits ex- steering gear assembly mounted on the main tending longitudinally at the longitudinal center or the vehicle; ninth, to provide a, tank unit with tank bracket members for supporting the frame member. Similarnumerals refer to similarparts through out the several views. " - 35 tank unit on the springs of the‘vehicle; tenth, to provide a tank unit with tank bracket members My invention is herewith disclosed with an 35 arrangement of-two engines I and 2 together with for‘support/ing units of the vehicle; eleventh, to provide a vehicle having axle torque members operatively connected with portions of Y9. tank 40 member carried by the vehicle; twelfth, to prc- their accessories and operative units for opera; tively connecting the engines with the rear axle assemblies A and B, tide-arrangement of the two vide a tank member with means for supporting a spare wheel in a compartment thereof; thir- engines and their operativelv connected parts be- 40 ,ing similar to the arrangement disclosed in my U. S. application for Vehicle, Serial Number teenth, to provide a vehicle with a tank unit having one of its compartments carrying fuel 681,851, ?led July 24, 1933, said engines and‘ their operatively connected parts. howeven-beihg sup 45 and operatively connected with the engines of the ‘ vehicle; and fourteenth, to provide a tank mem- her having a cab compartment with portions of its ?oor forming a ramp member extending to a door at the front of the tank member. 50 I attain these objects by mechanism illustrated ported on ‘a tank unit or body 0 as hereinafter 45 ‘disclosed to provide a frameless tank vehicle. The vehicle is provided with the front axle as sembly D which is similar to that disclosed and claimed in my U. S. patent application, Serial No. 681,849, filed July 24, 1933, andgranted as Pat- 50 , in the accompanyingdrawings, in which,ent No. 1,995,500 on March 26, 1935. Figure 1 is a side view- of the vehicle and its _ The front axle assembly D is provided with a . ~ tank unit mounted thereon; Fig. 2, a plan view , pair of axle beam members 3 and 4 connected of the vehicle disclosed in Fig. 1; Fig. 3, a front 55 end view of the vehicle disclosed in-Figs. 1 and 2; at their ends by the bracket members 5 to form a beam supporting unit on which are pivotally sup- 55’ 2 2,026,82'6 » s ' ported the spindle members 6 :which operatively ing great rigidity and strength to the tank as support the wheel assemblies E and F which are sembly C, I have also eliminated the trouble that is frequently encountered in providing a tank or body structure which is separated from its cab portion at a point substantially back of the front provided with the brake drums'l. The front spring 3 is located between the axle beam members 3 and I and extends transversely to the longitudinal center of the tank or body as axle assembly, corresponding to a position at' sembly C and is connected to the bracket members 5 by the shackles 9. The front spring 3 is con the rear of the cab and which thus imposes the greatest loads at a point which corresponds to nected to the. spring seat Ill by the spring clips II the critically weak portion of the conventional 10 and the spring seat I0 is pivotally mounted on the pin I3 which is suitably secured in the bracket I2 which is suitably secured to the ?anges I3 as hereinafter disclosed. The torque member I5 is provided with‘ the upper and lower ?ange por 15 tions I 5A which are secured to the axle beam frame which supports the tank or body of a ve Ihicle unit, the elimination of said critical point in the support of the conventional frame and its tank and load being accomplished by forming the tank assembly C so that its side wall portions ex tend continuously and integrally through its ven tire length, the wall portions of the tank assembly members 3 and 4 by the bolts. I6 and the nuts IT. The torque member I5 extends diagonally rear ' C being further extended to form streamline clo wardly of the axle beam members 3 and 3 to a sures for the end compartments of the tank as sembly C, the forward compartment in my tank point below the ?anges I3 and where the diag 20 onally~ extending portions unite in the ball end assembly C being utilized for the cab portion of IO 9 . _ g ‘ ‘I52 which is pivotaliy connected to the brackets the vehicle. 1 The webs'2II and the ?anges I3 may be extended ' I3 and I9 as more fully described hereinafter and for the full length of the tank assembly C thus as disclosed in Figure 11. i The tank assembly C is disclosed as being con ' extending to the extreme front end of the vehicle. 2.5 structed for the transportation of liquids such as The front tank brackets .‘22 and 23 may be suit gasoline, fuel oil, milk and similar materials, and ably formed with curved or similar surfaces 23A to is provided with a suitable section to provide on ?t the contour of the wall portions 20 as indi— its outer surfaces streamline characteristics to cated by the size and shape of "the particular tank assembly C desired, and may be suitably se gather provide a streamline 'frameless tank ve cured vto the wall portions 2I of ,the tank as 30' 'cle. . It is to be especially noted that I do not use sembly C as by welding, riveting or similar means, in my invention a so-called frame assembly for the front tank brackets 22 and 23 being further supporting the tank assembly C on the chassis secured at their inner ends to the-webs 20 of the of the vehicle, the so-called and conventional tank assembly C. The brackets 22 and 23 are frame assembly of the usual automotive vehicle provided with curved surfaces 2|,‘in theirviower 35 being eliminated by constructing the wall por tions of the tank assembly C so that they form a beam structure extending longitudinally approx imately at the longitudinal center of the tank as 40 sembly C and the vehicle and in order to pro ?anges 23A, which fit the curved surfaces of the housings 25 and 26 of the engine assemblies I and 2. The engine assemblies I and 2 are supported in the curved surfaces 24 by the inner brackets 21 which are suitably secured to the webs 23 of 40 vide said beam structure extending longitudinally the tank assembly C by means of the rivets 23, at the longitudinal center of the tank assembly . said inner brackets 21‘ being further suitably C of the vehicle, I utilize the material used for constructing the walls of the tank assembly C and 45 by extending them downwardly from and at the center of the tank assembly C, a structure is formedhaving the vertical webs, ?anges, or por tions 20 together with the ?anges I3 extending substantially horizontally, for a portion of the 50 length of the vehicle, from the web portions 23. In constructing the tank assembly C, the side wall portions 2I may be so formed and carried around at the bottom of the tank assembly C so that the secured to the inner supporting arms 23 of the engine assemblies‘ I and 2. > The housings 25 and 230i the engine assemblies I and 2 are further‘ 45 supported in the .curved surfaces 24 by the outer brackets 33 which are suitably secured to the lower ?anges 24A of‘ the front tank brackets 22 and 23, said brackets 30 being further suitably secured to the outer ‘supporting'arms 3I of the 50. engine assemblies I and‘2. The engine assem blies I and 2 are thus located and mounted on each outer side of the webs 23 of the tank as sembly C and are renderedeasily accessible rela 55 brought together to form the vertical webs 20, the tive to the inside of the'cab compartment 32 55 open edges of the vertical webs 23 beingfurther located at the front end of the-tank assembly C. The engine assemblies I and 2 are further sup ' formed to provide the horizontal ?anges I4. The vertical webs 23 may be suitably secured together ported by the webs 23 at the front end of' the tank by welding or by riveting or similar means. thus assembly C by the brackets 33 which are pro wall portions 2i may have their opening edges 60 closing the open or bottom side of‘ the tank as sembly C'against leaks and at the same time pro viding a substantial I beam structure which extends substantially for‘the full length of the tank assembly C, thus not only providing a very 65 rigid beam construction at the base of the tank assembly C for imparting rigidity and strength to the tank assembly C but also to provide means‘for supporting the engine assemblies I and 2 together with their operatively connected parts which are 70 used for forming the‘ driving connection with the axles of the vehicle; Y . It is also to be especially noted that whereas I have provided a frameless tank vehicle in‘which a tank assembly C is provided with a beam struc ture extending longitudinally thereof for impart vided with the ?anges 33 for attaching-to the webs 20 as by welding, riveting or other similar means, the bracket 33 extendingadjacent and contacting the ?anges 33 as by welding, riveting or similar means. The outer portions. of the brackets 33 extend under the crank shaft exten 65 sions 31 of the engine assemblies I' and 2 to sup port the ,blocks or members 33 which may be constructed of resilient material such as rubber composition or similar material, the blocks 33 supporting the lugs 33 which may be formed in 70 tegrally with or suitably attached to the forward portions of the housings of the engine assemblies I and 2, the outer ends of the brackets 33 and blocks 33 and the lugs 33 being secured together by the bolts to and the puts “,the inner bolts 75 3 2,026,826 ‘ 46 being suitably located as to enable the inner nuts H to be mounted between the brackets 33 and the member 36 as desired. - It is to be noted that the member 36 has it downwardly extending ?ange portions 35 located at its outer side. _ ‘ It is to be noted also that the engine assemblies , . I and 2 ‘will be supported in angular positions rel ative to one another and to the webs 20, the en mounted in upright positions at each side of the webs 26, at‘ the center of the tank assembly C, and~are suitably supported by the members 5| and 52 which may be suitably secured to and supported at their rearward ends by the members 5 53 and 54, the members 53 and 54 being suitably secured at their inner ends to the webs 20 and at their outer ends to the bumper member 55 which may be formed with a semi-circular or similar gine assemblies I and .2 being herein disclosed as having their cylinder portions 42 supported ap proximately at an angle‘ of 35° from the vertical shape to best conform to the shape of the cab 10 center line, the cylinder portions 42 extending up wardly through the apertures 43 in the lower wall portions of the cabcompartment of the tank as the vehicle. The members 52 and 5I extend be tween the members 53 and 54 and are supported at their forward ends by the bumper member 15 55. The radiator assemblies G and H will thus sembly as disclosed in Fig. 5. - compartment 32 and to provide proper stream line characteristics for the tank assembly C and It is to be noted that the member 36 which is .be positioned in the proper angular position to suitably secured to the ?anges I4 will extend for best conform to the semi-circular shape of the forward side of the cab compartment 32, the for ward wall'portion of the cab being provided with 20 suitable apertures 56 and‘ 51 topermit air, from securement of the member 36 to the ?anges I4 the outside of the tank assembly 0, to be pulled constituting an added structural member which or drawn through the radiator assemblies G and will greatly reinforce and impart rigidity and H by'the fans 58 which are suitably connected strength to not only the webs 26 which support with and operatively driven by the pulleys 59 25 the engine assemblies I and 2 in their operatively which are suitably mounted on the crank shaft connected parts but also to the complete tank extensions 31, the pulleys 59 and the pulleys 60 ofthe fans 58 being operatively connected by the assembly C. * The member 36, together with its downwardly I belts ill. The radiator assemblies G and H are extending ?ange portions 35 at its outer edges suitably connected at their upper portions with 30 the cylinder portions 42 by means of the ?exible will form an inverted trough 44 which will ex tend for substantially the greater length of the hoses 62 and with the lower portions of the en vehicle and provide a space for locating the ex gines I and 2 by the ?exible hoses 63. The fan substantially the greater portion of the webs 20 and the ?anges I4 and consequently the greater portion of the length of the tank assembly C, the 30' haust conduits or pipes 45 and 46 which are con 35 nected with the exhaust manifolds 41 and 48 of the engine assemblies I and 2. The exhaust con duits 45 and 46 may be extended to the rear of the vehicle and thus provide means for conduct ing the hot exhaust gases from the engine assem blies I and 2 throughout the length of the vehicle to the-rear thereof without danger of causing ?re by igniting the gasoline, fuel oil or similar ma terial being transported in the tank assembly C which may occur by leakage, etc., on the outside 45 of the tank assembly C and which would otherwise fall on the hot exhaust conduits 45 and 46. It is to be especially noted that the member 36 will extend across the top of the exhaust con duits 45 and 46 and should any drops or_leakage of gas, fuel oil, or similar ?uids strike or fall upon the member 36 it would be de?ected outwardly shrouds 64 may be suitably‘ mounted on the ra diator assemblies G and H to extend adiacent the 35 fans 58 to permit the fans 58 to draw the air through the radiator assemblies G and H. The engine assemblies I and 2 are respectively provided with the clutch housings 65 and 66 suitably‘supported thereon and supporting suit 40 able conventional types of clutch mechanisms for operatively connecting the engine assemblies I and 2 with the transmission assemblies I and J which are suitably supported on the clutch hous ings 65 and-66. v 45 vThe propeller shaft assemblies 61 and 68 are respectively connected with and supported at their front ends by the transmission assemblies I and J and are supported at their rear ends by suitable bearing ‘assemblies 69 which are suitably supported by the brackets 10 which extend out and downwardly over the ?anges 35 and so to the ' wardly from the webs 26 and from the wall por ground without contacting the exhaust members 45 and 46. The member 36¢ and its ?anges 35 tions 2| of the tank assembly 0, the inner race or thus constitute a ba?ie member above the exhaust conduits 45 and 46 together with the mu?lers 49 and 50 which may also be constructed to assemble within the trough or space 44, the mufflers 49 and 50 being suitably located in offset positions to 60 permit the construction of the proper size and shape of muiiler to fit within the space 44 as dis suitably supported at its front end on the exten 'sion 1! of the propeller shaft assembly 68 and is ' closed in Figs. '7 and 9. a It is to be noted that the exhaust conduits 45 and 46 together with the muiilers 49 and 56 ‘will 65 be suitably supported from the member 36 and the ?anges I4 so that the muiilers 45 and 56‘will be located in positions whereby the exhaust con duits 45 and 46 and the mu?iers 49 and 56 will have no contact with the member 36 and its ?ange portions 35, thus avoidingv any conduction of the heat of the exhaust conduits, together with their muflier means, to the member 36; as-dis closed in Figs. 6 and 9. 75 portions of the bearing assemblies 69 being suit ably secured to the extensions ‘II of the propeller 55 shaft assemblies 61 and 68. The propeller shaft assembly 12 is operatively connected with and operatively connected with and supported at its 60 rear end on the shaft 13 which is suitably mount ed in and connected with conventional pinion gears or similar’ driving means operatively con nected with ring gears or similar driven means 65 within the housing ‘I4 of the driving axle assemé The propeller shaft assembly 15 may be sult ably mounted at its forward vend on one of. the bearing assemblies 69 and its extension portion 70 “I6 may besuitably mounted in another bearing assembly similar to 69 supported by the bracket member 11 which may be suitably secured to‘ one. of the webs 26 and one of the wall portions 2I The radiator assemblies G and H are suitably of ‘the tank assembly C. The propeller shaft 75 4 2,026,828 assembly 18 is operatively connected with and I4, the steering gear assembly I04 being suit supported at its front end on the extension 16 of the propeller shaft assembly 15 and is op ably located to extend through one of the open ings 43 in the lower wall or ?oor portion of the cab compartment 32, the steering gear assembly being further suitably located to be in a con venient operating position relative to the driver eratively connected with and supported at its rear end on the shaft 19 which is connected with a driving pinion or similar driving means oper atively connected with a ring gear or similar driven means within the axle housing 80 of the driving axle assembly A. The rear driving axle assemblies A and B are respectively provided with conventional type of axle mechanism operatively connected with gear means suitably driven by the shafts ‘I3 and T9, the rear driving axle assem blies ‘A and B being provided with wheel assem 15' blies K and L, the wheel assemblies K and L being provided with brake drums 8I. > The driving axle assemblies A and B are con nected by the rear springs 82 and 83 which are 20 .. suitably secured to the brackets 84 by the spring clips 85, the spacer member 86, and the nuts 81, the brackets 84 being pivotally mounted on the shafts 88 which are suitably secured in brackets which are in turn suitably secured to the rear 5 when seated on the seat structure I03. The cab compartmenti32 .will be further pro vided with suitable hood members I06 and I01 which will extend over and cover the cylinders 42 and other adjacent portions of the engine assem 10V blies I and 2. The hood members I06 and I0‘! may be suitably mounted to swing or pivotally move upward as desired when the driver desires to inspect or work on the engine assemblies I and‘ 2.‘ The inner wall portions I08 and I09 may be ?xedly mounted to separate the space occupied by the cylinders 42 from. the passageway or walkway I I0 which extendsbetween the engine assemblies I and 2 and further extends longitudinally in the 20 cab compartment 32 to connect the portion of the cab compartment 32 which is occupied by the seat structure I03 with the door III which is tank brackets 89 and 90 which may .be formed ' ,located at the front end of the cab compartment . 25.v with curved surfaces 90A for ?tting the contour of the. side walls 2| of the tank assembly C, the 30 .; rear tank brackets 89 and 90 being further suit ably secured to the webs 20 as disclosed in Fig. 10. The rear springs 82 and 83 are pivotally con nected to the brackets 9| and 92 by means of the 32 approximately at the forward and central 25 portion of the cab portion of the vehicle. The door» II I will be provided with the window “2 which will further provide for the vision of the driver, the 'door III further providing access for the driver to enter or leave the cabicompartment 30 _ pins 93, the brackets 9| and 92 being suitably ,32 Eat the forward central portion of the vehicle. secured to the driving axle assemblies A and B. If desired the rear tank brackets 89 and 90 may be braced by the members 94 which may be suit ably secured at their outer ends to the rear tank brackets 89 and 90 and at their inner ends to the webs 20 of the wall portions 2I of the tank assembly C. - ' It is to be noted that the driving axle assem 40 blies A and B will be pivotally mounted on the shafts 88 whichwill allow the axle assemblies A and B to oscillate about the shafts 88 and thus allow free operating movement of the driving axles A and B. ' ' - It is also to be noted that the propeller shaft assembly‘ 18 will extend over the front driving In order to allow the escape of air from within the space covered by the hoods I06 and I01 and the wall portions I08 and I09, the cab portion of the’vehicle will be provided at its sides with the 35 louvers II3 which will thus permit the air drawn ‘ into the space covered by the hoods- I06 and I0‘! and the wall portions I08 and I 09, by the fans 58, to be forced out through the. louvers I I3, thus permitting the air to escape from within the cab 40 after it' has been drawn thereinto through vthe radiator assemblies‘G and H. ‘ The steering gear assembly will be suitably connected by the steering reach rod II4 with the axle assembly D. It vis to be noted that the bumper 55 which ' axle assembly B with su?icient clearance to allow - forms a portion of and is supported by the tank for the oscillating movement of the driving axle assembly C will have a suitable shape to conform assembly B together with an oscillating movement . to the streamline shape of the cab portion of 'of the rear driving axle assembly A. The webs 20 may be tapered at their lower sides as at 95 in Fig. 8 to provide a better and more economical distribution of material to with st'and load stresses imposed on the tank assembly , C, the ?anges ¢I4 being inclined upwardly and rearwardly to follow along the bottom of: the webs 20. The front tank brackets 22 and 23 may be fur ther provided with ?ange portions 96 for provid v(30 ing a suitable surface for receiving and engaging the front fenders 91 and 98 which may be secured thereto by the bolts 99 and the nuts I00 or by other suitable means, the ?anges 96 being suit ably located to support the fenders 91 and 98 over the vehicle and will extend around the front of 50 the cab portion at its forward side, the rear ends of the bumper member being suitably connected to- the front fenders 91 and 98. The tank as sembly C will be further provided with the side compartments H5 and H6 which are formed by 55 the side walls I H which are suitably connected to the sides of the tank assembly C and to the lower wall portion I I8 connecting with the inclined inner wall portions II 9 which extend upwardly and are suitably connected, by the ?ange portions I20, 60 with the webs 20, the inclined wall portions II9 being suitably located to provide clearance rela tive to the ?anges 35 of the members 36. The side compartments H5 and H6 will be provided the wheel assemblies F and E. The cab com- . with the doors I2I which may be pivotally sup 65 partment 32 will be provided with the frontal windows IM and the side windows I02 which .will be located for providing‘ proper vision for - the driver while seated on the seat structure I03 which may be suitably located at therear por tion of the‘cab compartment 32 and at its longi tudinal center. > The steering gear assembly I04 will be suitably mounted by means of the bracket I05 which is , suitably secured to the webs 20 and the ?anges ported by the hinges I22, the doors I2I thus pro viding access to the side compartments H5 and H6. The side compartments H5 and H6 will be suitably located to extend between and connect with/the rear ends of the front fenders 91 and 98 70 and the front ends of the rear fenders I23 which are suitably located to extend over the rear wheel assemblies K and L. The side walls I" will be extended forwardly to form the side wall portions I24 for connecting the bumper member 75 5 2,026,826 55 and the side wall portions of the cab compart ment 32, at the front of the vehicle, thus com pleting the streamline closure at the front end of the tank assembly C and the vehicle. Also the portions I45 of the side wall portions 2I of the tank assembly 0, said portions I45 remaining to extend forwardly to the front end of the cab, the front portion of the remaining wall por side wall I I1 will be extended rearwardly to form tions I45 being inclined downwardly and for- 5 the wall portions I25 for connecting the rear bumper member I20 and the sides of the tank as wardly to permit the end portions I46 thereof to ?t adjacent and be secured to the upper ?ange portions I49A of the front bumper member 55. Thus a portion of the wall portions I45 will form sembly C. . The rear bumper I26 will be curved to extend around the rear end of the tank assembly C and will be suitably supported by being connected with the side walls of the tank assembly C and the rear fenders I23. The rear bumper I26 may be further suitably connected if desired by addi tional members extending to and connecting with the webs 20 or other convenient portions of the tank assembly C. a ramp or inclined ?oor portion as at I41 in Fig. 10 14 by which the driver, when entering through the door III, may walk between the engine as‘ semblies I and 2 and along the passageway or‘ walkway IIO to reach the seat structure I03. The ?anges I4 will also be suitably secured to 15 the lower ?ange I48 of the bumper'member 55. Also if desired, the. web portions 20 may be suit located directly behind the cab compartment 32 ably secured by the bracket members I49 to the vertical web portion of the front bumper member 55, the bracket members I49 being suitably se- 20 and if desired, the front wall portion of the tank compartment I21 may provide the rear wall por cured to the webs 20 andthe bumper member as disclosed in Fig. 14. ‘> In order to provide a place ' The tank assembly C will be provided with the separate tank or compartment I21 which may be tion of ‘the cab compartment 32. ' The tank I21 will be made of su?icient size to carry the necessary supply of gas or similar fuel for supplying the engine assemblies I and 2 for for the driver to place his foot when mounting through the door iII, the front bumper member _ may be provided with the opening I50, the web 25 portions 20 being provided with the cut-away driving the vehicle. The tank compartment I21 is suitably connected by suitable conduits I15 with the engine assemblies I and 2. The‘ tank I21 may be provided with the filler member I28 to which access is gained through the openirm I29 in the structural portion I30 at the upper 1on gitudinal central portion of the tank assembly C. portions 'I5I to provide room for the driver’s foot as it is inserted in the opening I50 disclosed in, The main or load compartment of the tank as sembly C may be used as one single large tank compartment or may be subdivided as is re is similar to and represents av modi?ed design , of the cab and associated members as vdisclosed 35‘ quired by the type of loads to be transported. The compartments of the tank assembly C may be provided with the ?ller openings I3I and I32 40 and access is provided with the openings I3I and I32 by- the openings I33 and I34; The openings I29, I33 and I34 may be suitably covered by hinged covers I35, I36, and I31, the hinges being indi cated at I15, Fig. 2. a ‘ To provide streamline characteristics around the members I3I, I32 and I28, the structure I30 is ‘carried substantially through the length of the tank assembly C, the front and rear ends being gradually blended into the main portion of the Fig. 14. - - . ~ ‘ Il’he opening 150 in the front bumper mem- 30 her, together with-the cut-away portion I5I ad jacent' the door III which ‘provides an entrance to a ramp between a pair of- engine assemblies» and claimed in’ my U. S. patent application for Vehicle cab, Serial No. 681,850, filed July 24, 1933. In order to provide a suitable connection for the ball end I52 of the torque member I5 at the 40 underside of the trough or space '44 through which extend the exhaust'conduits 45 and 46, I pro vide a pair of brackets or members I53 and I54 which when assembled together are provided with the openings I55 and I56 .therethrough for receiving the exhaust pipes 45 and 46. 45 The brackets I53 and I54 will be suitably se cured together by the studs I51 which extend through the bracket members I53 and I54 ‘and are suitably secured by the nuts I58 and I59, the 50 tank assembly C to provide streamline character- , bracket member I53 being provided with re 60 ' cesses I60 for receiving the nuts I59 therein. istics. ‘ . Thus the studs I51 are secured in their assem bled position by the nuts I58 and I59. and the‘ the tank assembly C, the spare tire. and wheel bracket members I53 and I54 are secured on The tank assembly C is provided with the spare tire and wheel compartment I38 at the rear of compartment I38 being provided with-‘the door I39 located substantially at the rear central por tion of the vehicle. The bracket I40 is suitably mounted on the front wall I4I of the spare tire and wheel compartment I38 and is suitably ,con 60 nected to the wheel portion I42 which supports the spare tire I42A, the spare tire, together with . its wheel supporting member, thus being suit 55 the stud by the nuts IGI. It is to be noted that the brackets I53 and I54 will provide means for supporting the studs I62 which extend through andv support the brackets I8 and I9 which are provided with suitable socket portions for engaging and enclosing the ball pore. tion I52 of the torque member I5, the brackets I8 and I9 being secured in their assembled posi ably carried within the spare tire compartment tions by the nuts I65. I38, within the tank assembly C. The structure I30 is provided with the upper wall portion I43 and the side wall portion I44 and thus provides additional means for impart It is to be noted that the above disclosed struc ture will provide means for supporting the swivel .65 end of the torque member I5 and at the same time provide means for readily disassembling the exhaust conduits 45 and 46 when required. It is to be noted that the member 36 need not extend forwardly of the front end of the engine 70 assembly unless it is desired or needed as a struc ture member to provide rigidity and strength to ‘ ing strength and rigidity to the cab compartment 32 and the main load compartment of the tank assembly 0, the side walls I44 being suitably con nected to the upper or top wall portion of the tank assembly ‘C. a I - - It is to benoted that the openings 43 when ‘ formed in the bottom or ?oor portion of the cab compartment 32 of the tank assembly C will leave . the forward part of the tank assembly C and - the vehicle. In Fig. 12, I disclose an alternative design by 75 2,026,826 o 6 I ‘means of which ‘the webs 20, together with their portions of the engines, means tor seeming the en ?anges l4 and the member 36 may be utilized for gines to said beam structure, a pair of rear tank supporting the operating units of the vehicle when bracket members secured to the wall portions of the vehicle is provided with an open type of body at said tank assembly and to said‘ beam structure, the rear of the cab portion of the vehicle. In the said pair of rear tank bracket members being 5 connected with the resilient supporting mem-_ design disclosed in Fig. 12, the webs 20 will be pro bers of the driving axles, pivot means connecting , ,vided at the central portion of the open body struc ture M, the body structure M being provided with the resilient supporting members of the steering axle with said beam structure, and pivot means 10 the bottom or floor wall portion I66 which corre connecting the torque arm mechanism of the spond to the wall portions 2| of the tank assem axle with said beam structure. ' bly C. The wall portions I66 may be extended steering 2. In a vehicle for transporting material and and connected with the side wall portions I81 provided with power developing means, the com— and the side wall portions may be extended up of a tank member provided with a beam wardly and provided with ?angedportions I88. blnation '15 In structure to its bottom wall portion.15 the design disclosed in Fig. 12 the use oi.’ the ‘and meansconnected for supporting the power developing rear tank bracket members 88 and 88 are dis ‘means on said beam structure and adjacent the pensed with and the springs 82 and 83 together sides thereof, said power developing means be with the spacer member 86 may be secured by ing supported with its axis located below the j the bolts or studs I88 together with the plate I", bottom wall portion of said tank member. 20 the nuts 8'! and I'll) to the bracket "I which 3. In a vehicle having power developing means, ' may be pivotally mounted on the pin I12 which the combination of a body assembly provided with is supported in the bracket I13 which is suitably load carrying and cab compartments, said body secured _to the lower or ?oor wall portions I88 assembly being provided with a wall structure of the body structure M by the rivets H8 or similar the lower wall of said load carrying and 2.; 'means, thus eliminating the use entirely of the forming said cab compartments, said wall structure com conventional and separate frame structure as beam structure, the portion of said wall found in motor vehicles, the open body structure prising-a structure forming the- lower wall of said cab M providing the means for supporting the vari / ous operative units of the vehicle in a similar manner to that disclosed in reference to the tank assembly 0 of my invention. ‘ It is also to be understood that if it is desired to form the lower wall or portions of the tank assembly 0 with a shape corresponding to the wall portions “8 in Fig. 12 then the rear tank brackets 88 and 88 may be dispensed with and the springs 82 and 83 mounted substantially as disclosed in Fig. 12. 40 ' It is to be noted that the rear fenders I28 may be supported by being suitably secured to the rear tank brackets 88 and 88. _ It is to be noted that the I beam structure at ‘the lower longitudinal center of the tank assem 15 bly C may be constructed by utilizing additional reinforcing members attached to the vertical webs 28. Also if desired the ‘web portions 20 may be constructed by suitably securing a structure hav ing ?anges to the bottom side of the lower wall 50 portions 2| of the, tank assembly C, said addi tionalmember being provided with the web por tions 28. This alternative construction of the I beam. structure may be utilized if it is desired ‘ to make the I beam structure a separate unit se 55 cured to the wall members of the tank assembly C instead of actually extending over the edges of the wall‘ portions 2| to form said I beam structure. 7 I claim: _ . _ v - _ 1. In a vehicle having a pair of engines togeth er with driving and steering axles each provided with resilient supporting members together’with power transmission mechanisms operatively con necting the driving axles with the 'pair of en 65 gines, said steering axle comprising a torque arm, mechanism, the combination of a tank assembly having a beam structure extending longitudinal 1y of and at the lower side of the tank assembly, support means connected with said beam struc-, ture and supporting the power transmission mech ‘anisms operatively connecting the driving axles ' with the pairof engines, a pair of front tank bracket members secured to the wall portions of said tank assembly and to said beam struc 75 ture and each having curved si'irfaces for receiving compartment being provided with openings to permit portions of the power developing means of so the vehicle to extend into said cab compartment of said body assembly, and means for supporting the lower wall of an engine assembly on said beam structure of said wall structure forming the low er wall of said compartments. - (:3 Ll- 4. In a vehicle having a pair of engine assem blies, the combination of a tank assembly pro vided with a cab compartment having its lower wall structure provided with a pair of openings to permit portions of the engine assemblies to ex tend-into said cab compartment, said cab com partment having a portion of its lower wall struc ture located between said pair of openings to form a walkway extending between said pair of engine assemblies, and means for supporting the - engine assemblies below said lower wallv struc ture of the cab compartment‘. . 5. In a vehicle provided with wheels and fend ers, the combination of a tank assembly. bracket members secured to the bottom wall portion of 50 said ‘tank assembly and each provided with an ex tension portion extending over said wheels, said vextension portions of said bracket members being provided with a surface on its under side conform ing with the shape of and adapted to receive the fenders therein, and means for attaching said fenders to said bracket members. . 6. In a vehicle having a pair of engine assem ' blies, the combination‘ of. a tank assembly provided , with a cab compartment extending over the pair 60 of engine assemblies, the ?oor of the cab com partment being provided with openings adjacent the pair of engine assemblies, said tank assembly being provided with .a structure extending be tween said pair of engines and‘supporting the ?oor of the cab compartment,_said portion of the ?oor extending between the pair of engine as semblies being inclined downwardly and -for wardly to the front of the cab compartment, a door suitably mounted at the forward side of said 70 cab-compartment adjacent the inclined portion of ‘ said floor, a bumper member adjacent the lower side of said door, said bumper member being, con- ' nected with and supported by said. structure sup porting the ?oor of said cab compartment, a seat 75 7 2,026,826. structure suitably mounted at‘ the rear of said cab sembly, said baillé member extending over the ex-. _ ) compartment, and hood members suitably mount haust conduit meansof the vehicle, andmeansior ed in said cab compartment and extending over swivelly supporting one end of the torque mem said pair of engine assemblies. ber of the vehicle, said means being provided with openings for receiving the exhaust conduit means 5 therethrough, said last mentioned means being ' . i 7. In a vehicleprovided with power developing means, the combination of a tank assembly pro vided with an upper reinforcing structure extend - ing longitudinallysubstantially at the top longi tudinal center of the tank assembly, said tank i0 assembly being further provided with a lower re iniorcing structure extending substantially at the lower longitudinal center-of the tank assembly, bracket members secured to the bottom side of said tank assembly and to the sides of said lower reinforcing structure, and bracket members secur ing the power developing means to said lower re inforcing structure and to said ?rst mentioned bracket members. - supported by said ba?ie means and said beam ' structure of said tank assembly. . ' ~ 1 13. In a vehicle provided with power develop ing and transmitting units, a body having its 10 sides extended to form a "sole beam structure ex tending longitudinally substantially at the ion gitudinal center of and at the lower side thereof, said sole beam structure having a substantial depth and adapted to support the power develop- 15 ing and transmitting units. - - 14. ‘In a vehicle, a tank comprising a sheet 0! ‘material folded to form a- compartment having , 8. In a vehicle having power developing means, ' top, side and-lower walls constructed from said _ sheet, said-lower walls being connected at the 20 ._ 20 together with exhaust conduits extending there from substantially at the longitudinal center of the vehicle, the combination of a tank, and an inverted trough structure suitably supported to extend substantially at the longitudinal center of said tank, said inverted trough structure being lower side of said tank to close said tank,._ said lower walls being extended to form a beamstruc ture. having ‘a vertical ‘section extending longi-' tudinally at- the longitudinalcenter of the tank and the vehicle, said beam structure ‘being pro- 25 _ spaced from the wall portions of said tank and vided with a. ?ange extending angularly‘ relative extending over said exhaust conduits to prevent to said vertical section. . ._ I any leakage .irom said tank from contacting said exhaust conduits. _ 9. In a vehicle having power developing means and a tank, together with a pair of exhaust con duits extending from the power developing means and connecting with a pair of muiiiers, an inverted trough structure suitably mounted to extend over 30 35 said pair of exhaust conduits and said pair of muiiiers, said inverted trough structure being mounted in spaced relationship to said pair of exhaust conduits and said pair of mu?lers, said in verted trough structure being spaced away from and below the wall portion of the tank. ' 10. In a vehicle provided with engines having exhaust conduits connected therewith, the com 15. In a vehicle, a tank comprisinga pair '01 compartments and a sheet of material "folded to provide top, side and .lower walls of said pair 30. _ of compartments, said lower walls" being con nected at the lower side of said tank to close said tank, said lower walls being extended to- form a' beam structure extending longitudinally below and at the longitudinal center of said pair of 35 compartments of said tank, said beam structure being provided with a ?ange extending substan tially in a horizontal plane, said beam. structure being adapted to absorb loads imposed on said tank at or adjacent the junction of said’ pair of 40 compartments. ' _ - _ structure extending longitudinally substantially 16. In a vehicle comprising power developing means, the combination of a tank having lower walls extended to form a beam structure. extend atthe center of the tank atits lower side, said supporting structure being provided with an in said tank and the vehicle, bracket members con bination of a tank provided with a supporting verted trough portion, and a pair of load com partments oppositely disposed about the longi tudinal center of said supporting structure of said tank, said load compartments having their lower walls extending angularly toward and connected with said supporting structure, the angular walls ing longitudinally at the longitudinal center of 45 nected to the lower walls of said tank and to said beam structure, and means for securing the power developing means to said'brackets and sai beam structure. . , > ' 17. In a vehicle comprising ‘a steering axle'and a driving axle mechanism, together with resilient of said compartments extending over said ex haust conduits and said inverted trough portion, means connected with each of said axle mecha- ‘ nisms, the combination of a tank member pro said inverted trough portion being located be vided with a beam structure extending iongitu- " tween said exhaust conduits and the lower walls _ dinally at the longitudinal centers of the vehicle of said load compartments extending angularly and said tank and at the lower side of said tank, toward and connecting with said supporting means operatively connecting the resilient means structure. 00 of said steering axle mechanism with said beam ' 11. In a vehicle, a tank assembly having its lower wallportions only extended to form a ver tical web structure extending longitudinally sub stantially at the longitudinal center of the tank, said lower wall portionsbeing further extended to provide‘ ?anges oppositely disposed and extend ing from said structure. _ - 12. In a vehicle having a torque member opera tively connected with an axle, said vehicle being further provided with power developing means _ having exhaust conduit means extending“there from, the combination of a tank assembly pro ' vided with a beam structure extending longitu structure, and means operatively connecting the , resilient means 'oifisaid driving axle mechanism to the lower side walls of said tank. 7 18. In a vehicle, the combination of a tank comprising a plurality of compartments hav ing top, side and bottom walls, said tank being 65 provided with a ?ller opening in the top wall por _ tion of'said compartments, a structure enclosing said ?ller-opening and extending longitudinally at the longitudinal center of said tank and the vehicle, said ?ller opening in the top wall por- " tion of said compartments being located wholly below the uppermost surface of said structure, dinally substantially at the lower longitudinal said structure havingits ends gradually decreased center of said tank assembly, a baiiie member sup in height to join the top walls of said tank, and - 75 ported by said beam structure of said tank as a beam structure. extending longitudinally at, the 75 . 2,026,828 longitudinal center of said tank and the vehicle, said beam structure being connected to the lower wall of said tank and extending downwardly therefrom, said first. mentioned structure, and said beam structure cooperating to provide great compartment being provided with openings there in to receive the inclined cylinders, said lower side of said cab compartment having a portion of its‘wall portions extending between said open ings and over said beampstructure to form a '5 walkway between said inclined cylinders of said er- rigidity to‘ said tank. ‘ 19. In a vehicle, the combination of a vehicle‘ pair of engines. comprising power developing means having ex 21. In a vehicle provided with a tank assembly, haust conduits connecting therewith, the com the combination of a tank provided with a main bination of a tank having a beam structure ex tending longitudinally at the lower side of said tank, and a member mounted on said beam struc ture and extending over said exhaust conduits to form a ba?le therefor, said member further forming a reinforcing member to cooperate with said‘b‘eam struoture‘to add rigidity to said tank. 20. In a vehicle comprising a pair of engines provided with inclined cylinders, the combina tion of a tank provided with a cab compart ; ment, said tank having its lower side extended to form a beam structure extending longitudinally at the lower side of said tank and its cab com partment and between the inclined cylinders of said pair of engines, the lower side of said cab compartment together with end compartments, 10 said tank having rounded end portions provided with roof portions inclined upwardly and in wardly to connect with the roof portion of said main compartment of said tank assembly, and a reinforcing beam structure extending longitudi- 15 nally at the upper side of said main compartment of said tank assembly, said reinforcing beam structure having‘ its ends inclined downwardly and outwardly to join the upwardly and inwardly extending roof portions of the rounded end por- 20' tions of said end compartments of said tank as sembly. - HUGH JOSEPH DILLON.