Патент USA US2029802код для вставки
Feb. 4, 1935. v ' o. T. WEBBER 2,029,802 SINK AND DRAINING BOARD, PARTICULARLY FOR DOMESTIC USE Filed‘ Aug. 11. 1934 a ' ' .Zrwealé‘f; Owe/W I webbe/g ‘ Federated Feb. 4, W36 2,029,802 SINK AND DRARNENG BGARD, ‘PARTICU LARLY FGR DQMES'EHC USE Owen Thomas Webber, London, England Application August '11, 1934, Serial No. 739,477 In Great Britain July 6, 1934 11 Claims. (Cl. 4-189) ciated that a large number of combinations may The present invention relates to improvements be formed by combining the sections A, B and C in sinks and draining boards, particularly for in different combinations with'at least one sec. domestic use. tion B always forming a part of the combination. The object of the invention is to provide means instance from a stock of one size of draining 5 whereby integral metal sinks and draining boards ‘ For boards, C, one size of sink B and a stock of ?llets may be readily constructed to cover a compara tively large range of choice in types and over all sizes in a particularly cheap and convenient manner. - . According to the invention there is provided 10 a method of constructing different types of in-~ tegral metal sink and draining board units to suit individual requirements which comprises form ing a plurality of different parts so as to conform to a predetermined standard, for example, ?llet 15 members, sinks and draining boards arranging at least one ?llet member or draining board, at least one sink, and a draining board, with the edges thereof disposed so as to engage or par 20 tially interlock with each other and welding to gether the edges of the selected combination from the standard parts so as to form a complete unit. By employing this method oiimanufa'cturing the complete unit, it is possible to build up a large range of styles or types with many different over all sizes from the same comparatively few ‘stock _ parts and it will be appreciated that by this means a large saving in cost of material, machinery and manufacture may be achieved, as there is no ne '50 cessity to manufacture each type or size of inte gral unit by a special operation, which must ne cessitate either a large amount of manual work involving large production costs, or the use of a A, six combinations at leastmay be built up. If in addition to a standard ?llet three di?erent sizes of sink and three different sizes of drain ing boards are kept in stock, over two hundred di?erent types of sink units may be manufactured. In anyone series the dimensions of the sinks B and draining boards C from front to back there of will of necessity be the same, but the length thereof can be arranged so that they will all be 5 different. In addition to the above types of units additional features such as an apron, drawers, legs, cupboards and the like may be added and it will be appreciated that with these additions the number of different types of sink units which 20 may be constructed from a small number of stock parts becomes very large. _. The section B comprising the sink is formed with portions of the ?llet on the front and back edges thereof while the section C comprising the 25 ‘draining board is formed with portions of the ?llet disposed around three sides thereof. By ' this means irrespective of the combination of the sections A, B and C which may be employed a _ complete ?llet will extend continuously around 30 the whole of the edge of the sink unit. Referring particularly to the construction il lustrated in Figure 1, the ?llet which completely surrounds the sink unit is formed in four dif large amount of special machinery, which also ferent portions. These portions are the section 35 adds largely to the cost of production on account _A, the portions D disposed on the front and of the substantial investment necessary in power back edges of the sink 3 and the portion E presses and the need of providing separate dies surrounding three sides of the draining board C. for each size of unit. ' As illustrated most clearly in section B of The invention will be hereinafter more partic Figure 1 the ?llet is of substantially rectangular 40 ularly described with reference to the accompany ing drawing, in which:-— ‘Figure 1 illustrates a draining board, sink and ?llet arranged in position for assembly; Figure 2 illustrates a method of assembling two sinks adjacent to one another; Figure 3 illustrates in detail‘ the ?ller strip’ ‘shown in Figure 2.; _ Figure 4 illustrates in side elevation a combined sink and draining board provided with an apron 50 and drawer, and Figure 5 illustrates a sectional end elevation on the line 5-5 of Figure 4. ‘ ' Referring to the drawing, a sink unit is built up of a ?llet member or draining board, at least one sink and a draining board. _ ' In the embodiment illustrated in Figure'l of the drawing, the sink unit is arranged to bebuilt up of one ?llet member, one sink and a draining - heard, these portions of the unit being designated 60 ".g", “B” and “C” respectively. It will be appre section being arranged to form a partially en closed channel around the edge of the unit. The ?llet is formed with a vertical wall 4 extending upwardly and integrally from the upper edge of the sink 2 or the surface of the draining board 45 C and with a horizontal wall 5 extending from the upper edge of the vertical wall 6. Depend ing from the free edge of the horizontal wall 5 is a second vertical wall 6 arranged parallel to the wall 5 and extending inwardly from the 50 lower edge of the wall 6 is a further horizontal wall ‘i arranged parallel to the wall 5 but out of engagement with the wall 4 whereby the ?llet only partially encloses a space of substantially rectangular section. In the section A which forms 55 a portion of the‘ ?llet, the wall It is curved at the ends thereof to conform with the rounded corners of the sink 2. Furthermore, the ends of the section A are partially cut away so that ' the upper surface of the ?llet at the positions 30 a 2 , 2,029,802 where the curved ends of 'the wall 4 terminate projects out from the remainder of the surface. As mentioned above, the corners of the sink 2 are rounded while the vertical wall 4 of the ?lletv portion D is straight- so that the ‘ends 8 of the wall 4 do not form a continuation of the vertical wall of the sink 2 but are disposed sub stantially tangential ‘to the rounded corners thereof. When the section A is brought into en 10 gagement with the corresponding edge of the sink 2 the vertical wall 41of the ?llet A ?ts ac curately over the edge of the sink 2, the rounded ends thereof conforming with the rounded corners of the sink. In addition the ends 8 of 15 the ?llet portions D of the sink 2 ?t into rectangu lar recesses cut in the ends of the section A so‘ that the section A of the ?llet joins up with the sink 2 in such a manner that the section A is continuous with the portions D of the ?llet. Furthermore, the projecting portions of the sec ' tion A interlock with the edge of the sink so that when the two sections of the unit are seam welded together a very satisfactory joint is ob tained. 25 The edge of the draining board C which en gages with the edge of the sink 2 remote from the ?llet A is shaped to conform to the edge of the sink. The edge of the board projects beyond the ends of the ?llet portion E and consequently when 30 the edges of the sink and draining board are brought together they interlock in the same man ner as the sections vA and D thus allowing a satis factory seam weld to be effected. Figure 2 illustrates a method of constructing 'a 35 modi?cation where more than one sink is em ployed. The sinks 9 and ID are of identical con struction with the sink portion B illustrated in Figure 1 and are arranged to be secured together .by seam welding the ends of the ?llet portions D, 40 D on the front and back edges thereof and seam welding a ?ller strip ll shown more clearly in Figure 3 to the adjacent side edges of the two sinks; - ' By this means it is possible to provide a unit including two sinks in close proximity to each other and separated by a narrow metal strip dis posed slightly below the upper surface of the ?llets. Figures 4 and 5 illustrate a combined sink and 50 draining board similar in construction to that shown in Figure 1 and in addition provided with an apron l2 and a drawer l3. 55 'I'he apron l2 which is formed of sheet metal is secured to. the unit by bending over at right angles a small the under side of the ?llet. The ?llet although integral with the sections associated therewith will comprise four separate portions A, D, E, D 60 hereinbefore described which are seam welded together. The drawer I3 is added to the unit by welding the drawer frame M to the underside of the draining board. Alternatively, the drawer frame may be welded to the apron which is in The drawer l3 which may be of any convenient type 65 turn welded to the under side of the ?llet. is provided with guide members at each ‘side thereof which are arranged to slide in corre sponding grooves provided in the drawer frame 70 M. It will be appreciated that instead of one drawer two or more drawers may be provided par ticularly if a draining board is provided at each side of the sink. _‘ ' If required a splash back may be readily pro 75 vided by welding the said back to the rear edge or ?llet of the sink and drainingboard. A fur ther modi?ed form which may also be con structed consists of a combined sink and drain ing board supported on legs. The legs which may be formed of tubular metal are welded to the under sides of the draining board and sink at convenient positions. ‘Instead of the drawer frame l4 illustrated in Figures 4 and 5, cup boards, racks or shelves may be suspended from the unit by welding these to the under side of the draining board or to an apron and may be employed for accommodating kitchen utensils such as brushes, bowls and the like which are necessary at a sink. The method of constructing the units in ac cordance with the present invention makes it possible to manufacture the units much more cheaply than would be the case if the units were manufacturedfrom single pieces of sheet metal. As, mentioned above the saving in cost is to a 20 large extent due to the fact that there is no necessity to employ a large amount of machinery, but there is also saving in cost as the metal em ployed is much cheaper than the metal which would have to be employed if a unit of great 25 length was made from a single piece of metal. For instance to make a unit with one sink and two draining boards, the sheet metal area in volved would be such that it would be necessary to employ specially rolled metal of high quality 30 at an extra cost per pound while if the same sink is built up from'smaller sheet metal areas by the method hereinbefore described, a cheaper pricelper pound for the same quality metal pre vails- which can moreover be more economically 35 used with less wastage to achieve equally satis factory results.‘ Y . What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:_— 1. An integral metal sink and draining board 40 unit built up of a number of parts welded to gether which comprise an end ?llet member, at least one self contained sink and a draining board interchangeable with said end ?llet member each provided with an edge of such con?guration as to 15 engage and partially interlock with a correspond ing edge of an adjacent part and welded together at said edges. I 2. An integral metal sink and draining board unit built up of a number of parts welded togeth 50 er which comprise at least one self-contained sink and two interchangeable draining boards each provided with edges of such con?guration as to engage and partially interlock with corre sponding edges of an adjacent part and welded 55 together at said edges. - 3. A method of constructing an integral metal sink and draining board unit comprising a self contained sink and a draining board surrounded by a continuous ?llet which comprises the steps of forming a rectangular sink with ?llet members integral therewith on the front and back edges thereof, forming a draining board with ?llet members integral therewith around three sides thereof, forming‘ an individual end ?llet member similar to the said ?llet members integral with the said sink and the said draining board, pro viding edges on said sink, draining board and individual end ?llet member of such con?gura tion as to engage and partially interlock with 70 each other and welding the individual end ?llet member on one of the free side edges of the sink and welding the free edge of the draining board on the remaining free side edge of the sink. 4, A method of constructing an integral metal 75 3 ?lletmer'nbersdisposedinthecaseofasinkon 2,029,802 sinkanddrainingboardimitcomprisingaself contained sink and two drainingboards sur-' rounded by a continuous ?llet, which comprises the steps of forming a rectangular self-contained sink with ?llet members integral therewith on the front and back edges thereof. forming each draining board with ?llet members integral therewitharound three sides thereof, providing tbefrontandbackedgesthereofandhitbecase ofa drainingboardaroundthreesides thereof, the ends of the ?llet members disposed on the frontandbackedgesofthesinkbeingarranged, to extend beyond the side edges of the sink sub stantially ‘tangential to the rounded corners thereof and being arranged to interlock with the edges on said sink and draining boards of such I free ends of the ?llet member disposed around ‘threesidesofadrainingboard. 10 con?guration as to engage and partially inter 9.Anintegralmetalsinkanddrainingboard lock with each other, and welding the free edge unit surrounded by a continuous ?llet and built up of a number of parts welded together which 5. ‘A method of constructing an integral sink comprise at least one self-contained sink having and draining board unit comprising at least one . rounded corners and at least one draining board draining board and two self-contained sinks each provided with edges of such con?guration as bounded by a continuous ?llet, which comprises to engage and partially interlock with corre the steps of forming rectangular self-contained . sponding edges of an adjacent part and with ?llet sinks with ?llet memgers integral therewith on front and back edges thereof and in the case of 20 20 the front and back edges thereof, forming drain a draining board around three sides thereof, the - ing boards with ?lletmembers integral there with around three sides thereof, forming hidi _ ends of the ?llet members disposed on the front vidual end ?llet members similar to said ?llet and back edges of the sink being arranged to ex members, providing edges on said sinks, draining tend beyond the side edges of the sink substan boards, and ?llet members of such con?guration tially tangential to the rounded corners thereof, of‘eachdrainingboardtoafreesideedgeofthe membersdisposedinthecaseofasinkonthe as to engage and partially interlock with each other, welding together the ends of the ?llet members integral with the two the whilsttheends ofanedge ofadrainingboard arrangedtobesecuredtoanedgeofthesink project beyond the ends of a ?llet member dis edges of a narrow strip of metal to'the adjacent posed aroimd three sides of the drainingboard side edges of the two sinks, and "welding the free and are shaped to conform with the rounded corners of the sink so as to interlock therewith. edge freesideedgeofasink." of at least one draining board _' to - a > dhnintegralmetalsinkahddrainingboard unit surroimded by a continuous ?llet and built up of a number of parts welded together which 10. Anintegralmetalsinkanddrainingboard imit surrounded by a continuous ?llet and built up of a number of parts welded together which comprise at least one self-contained sink having comprise at least" one self-contained sink and at roimded corners, a draining board and an end least onedraining board each provided with edges " ?llet member each provided with edges of such of such con?guration as to engage and partially con?guration as to engage and partially inter lock with corresponding edges of an adjacent part ‘ interlock with corresponding edges of an adja cent part and provided with ?llet members which whilst sinks and draining boards are provided are of substantially rectangular section and with?lletmembers disposedinthecase of asink on the front and back edges thereof and in the formed with two vertical walls one extendingup wardlyfromtheupperedgeofthesinkandthe caseofadrainingboardaroundthreesidesthere - surface of the draining board and with two hori ' zontal walls one disposed below the upper edge of, the ends of the ?llet members disposed on the frontandbackedgesof thesinkbeingarrangcd to extend beyond the side edges of the sink sub stantially tangential to the rounded corners _7.Anintegralmetalsinkanddrainingboard thereof whilst the ends of a vertical wall of the unit surrounded by a continuous ?llet and built end ?llet member curve outwardly from said up of a number of parts welded together'which member and are shaped to conform with the at least one self-contained sink and at rounded edges of the sink so as to interlock there ofthesinkandthcsurfaoeofthedrainingboard, soasto formapartia'llyenclosed channel. least one board each provided a with edges of such con?guration as to engage and par— interlock with corresponding edges of an part ‘and with ?llet members disposed the‘ caseofasink'onthefrontandbackedges thereof in. the case of‘ a draining board sides thereof, the ends of the ?llet on. the front and back edges ofthesink-being arrangedtoextend beyondthe side'edgesofthesinkandbeingarrangedto\ " terl'ock with the free ends of the ?llet member around the three sides of a draining metal" sinkand draining board unitv surrounded by a continuous ?llet and built up of‘ a number‘ of welded together which comprise at least one self-contained sink having rounded corners and at least one draining board. provided with edges of such con?guration as engage and with. > unit surroimded by a continuous ?llet and built up of a number of parts welded together which comprise an apron formed of sheet metal secured aroimd the said parts by welding the said apron to the underside of the ?llet,v at least one self contained sink and at least one draining board each provided with edges of such con?guration as to engage and partially interlock with corre sponding edges of an adjacent part and with ?llet membersdisposedin thecaseofasinkonthe front and back edges thereof and in the case of a draining board around three sides thereof, the endsofthe?lletmembersdisposcdon thefront and back edgesof the sink being arranged to ex tend beyond the said edges of the sink and being arranged to'interlock with the free ends‘of the ?llet member disposed around the three sides of 70 interlock with corre- - a draining board. sponding'edgesoflanadiacentpartandwith " 11. Anintegralmetalsinkanddraining board '. GWEN THOMAS WEBBER.