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Festival tsvetenia sakury - Konchakov Maxim (2)

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Выполнил:
Кончаков
Максим Михайлович
Студент
группы 1.2
ТОГБОУ СПО «ТПТ им. М.С.Солнцева»
г. Тамбова
Руководитель: учитель английского языка
Еропкина П.С.
Content:
Slide 4- history of Hanami;
Slide 5 - cherry blossom front;
Slides 6 -9 - Hanami in Japan;
Slides 10 -11 - Hanami’s symbolism;
Slide 12 -Hanami in different countries;
Slides 13 - 14 - Hanami in Australia;
Slide 15 - Hanami in the United Kingdom;
Slides 16 -17 - Hanami in Canada;
Slides 18 - 20 - Hanami in the United States of America;
Slide 21 - Hanami in Russia;
Slide 22 - references.
Globalization is an important part of world life. Every
country has her own customs and traditions….
And some of them are already
international and play a very
important role in culture
developing of Englishspeaking countries, for
instance HANAMI...
春の雨、
優しくしてください
桜
称賛に向けて出発
見ていない人たち
柿本人麻呂
Spring rain,
please be gentle
leave cherry blossoms
for admiring for those
who have not seen.
Kakinomoto no Hitomaro
Hanami is the Japanese traditional custom of enjoying the transient beauty
of flowers, "flower" in this case almost always meaning cherry blossoms
("sakura") or plum blossoms ("ume"). The custom is said to have started
during the Nara Period (710–794) when people admired ume blossoms. By
the Heian Period (794–1185), cherry blossoms came to attract more
attention and hanami was synonymous with sakura.
Every year the Japanese Meteorological Agency and the
public track the sakura zensen (cherry blossom front) as it
moves northward up the archipelago. Japanese pay close
attention to these forecasts because the blossoms only last
a week or two.
In modern-day Japan, hanami mostly consists of having an outdoor party
beneath the sakura during daytime or at night. People turn out in large
numbers at parks, shrines, and temples with family and friends to hold
flower-viewing parties. Hanami festivals celebrate the beauty of the cherry
blossom and for many are a chance to relax and enjoy the beautiful view.
Thousands of people fill the parks to hold feasts under the flowering
trees, and sometimes these parties go on until late at night. In more than
half of Japan, the cherry blossoming days come at the same time of the
beginning of school and work after vacation, and so welcoming parties
are often opened with hanami. Usually, people go to the parks to keep
the best places to celebrate hanami many hours or even days before.
In cities like Tokyo, it's also common to have celebrations under the
sakura at night. Hanami at night is called yozakura. In many places
such as Ueno Park temporary paper lanterns are hung for the
purpose of yozakura. On the island of Okinawa, decorative electric
lanterns are hung in the trees for evening enjoyment.
The hanami celebrations usually involve eating and drinking,
and playing and listening to music. Some special dishes are
prepared and eaten at the occasion, like dango and bento,
and sake is commonly drunk as part of the festivity.
Cherry blossoms are richly symbolic, and have been utilized often in
Japanese art, manga, anime, and film, as well as at musical performances
for ambient effect. There is at least one popular folk song, originally meant
for the shakuhachi (bamboo flute), titled "Sakura", and several pop songs.
The flower is also represented on all manner of consumer goods in Japan,
including kimono, stationery, coins, and dishware.
The cherry blossom was also used to motivate the Japanese people, to
stoke militarism among the populace, to inspire "Japanese spirit."
Japanese painted them on the sides of their planes before embarking
on a suicide mission, or even took branches of the trees with them.
Imperial Japan often planted cherry trees as a means of "claiming
occupied territory as Japanese space".
Hanami festivities have become popular outside of Japan as well.
Hanami is widely celebrated in many English-speaking countries, such
as United States, United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. Smaller
celebrations take place in Taiwan, Brazil, Germany, India, Turkey,
South Korea, the Philippines, China and other countries.
Australia
In the city named Cowra, in Australia, there is a War Cemetery holding
the dead from the World War II. During a prison breakout near Cowra,
235 Australian and Japanese soldiers died and many were wounded.
The Cemetery was tended to after WWII by Australian veterans. The
Japanese government agreed to support the development of a Japanese
Gardens a sign of thanks for the respectful treatment of their war dead.
An annual cherry blossom festival is a major event in
Cowra's tourism calendar and is held in the gardens
during September. The festival celebrates the birth of
spring. In 2011 the main festival date was held on
Saturday, 24 September. It attracts performers from
across Australia and around the world.
United Kingdom
Batsford Arboretum in Gloucestershire holds the national
collection of Japanese village cherries. Keele University in
Staffordshire has one of the UK's largest collections of
flowering cherries, with more than 150 varieties. Cherry
blossom festivals happen there usually in second half of April.
Canada
Vancouver, BC is famous for its thousands of cherry trees (estimated
50,000) lining many streets and in many parks. The Vancouver
Cherry Blossom Festival was founded in 2005, to commemorate the
37,000 cherry trees given by Japan to the City of Vancouver. Cherry
Blossom festival begins in February yearly and peaks in April.
High Park in Toronto, Ontario features many cherry trees hat were
given to Toronto by Japan. Through the Sakura Project, the
Japanese Consulate donated 34 cherry trees to High Park in 2001,
and to various other locations. Niagara Falls also has many near the
Falls itself. Peak bloom time is normally around the last week of
April or the first week of May.
United States of America
Branch Brook Park in Newark, New Jersey is the oldest county
park in the United States and is home to the nation's' largest
collection of cherry blossom trees, with about 4,300. The
famous cherry trees were the result of a 1927 gift from
Caroline Bamberger Fuld, an American businesswoman and
philanthropist.
Japan gave 3,020 cherry blossom trees as a gift to the United States in
1912 to celebrate the nations' then-growing friendship. These trees
were planted in Manhattan, New York and in the Tidal Basin in
Washington, D.C. More than 700,000 people visit Washington and
New York each year to admire the blossoming cherry trees.
Other US cities have annual Cherry Blossom Festivals, including, for
example, the Festival in Macon, Georgia, which features over 300,000
cherry trees. They bloom around downtown, college campuses, and
the neighborhoods of Macon in late March every year. Macon is
known as the "Cherry Blossom Capital of the World“. The festival
lasts for ten days and features events for people of all ages.
Do you know?
Cherry blossoms in Russia too. For example, there are some
species of Sakura planted in various Moscow gardens, such as
Moscow Botanical Garden of Academy of Sciences or Botanical
Garden of Moscow State University.
References:
1. http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ханами
2. http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Сакура
3. http://www.golos-ameriki.ru/content/cherry/1640396.html
4. http://bookflowers.ru/news/241-cvetenie-sakury-v-moskve.html
5. http://sakura.weathermap.jp/
6. http://www.cowratourism.com.au/Events/?action=viewEvent&eventId=78
7. http://www.japancalligraphy.eu/ru/kana/poetry2.htm
8. Мещеряков А. Н. Книга японских символов. Книга японских обыкновений. - М.: Наталис,
2003. – С. 45-50, 65-66, 302-311.
Thanks for your attention!
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