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Патент USA US2047947

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July 21, 1936.
Original-Filed July 12, 1930
2 Sheets-Sheet l
July 21, 1936.
Original Filed July 12, 1930
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
W 1% 4.26m,
M/ M 6 MW,‘
Patented July 21,1936 ,
2,047,947 »
Edward Kirby Bottle, Elmira, N. Y., assignor, by
' niesne assignments, to American Sales Book
Company, Inc., a corporation of Delaware
Application July 12, 1930, Serial No. 467,496
Renewed January 21, 1935
8 Claims.
(01. 281-25)
I This invention relates to a record, and in its
more specific aspects aims to provide an improved
record, capable of use particularly in connec
tion with inscribing machines, such as type
writers, billing machines, registers, Teletypes, etc.,
although the features of the present invention
might be employed to advantage in other assoé
perforations in order to facilitate of its sever
ance into separate piles, with or without the aid
of a tearing bar, and, as has been described in
previous applications and patents, the strips may
be formed with grip-escaping apertures, or other 5
constructions, which will enlarge their general
usefulness and contribute to the efficiency of their
It is an object of the'invention to provide a rec
Thus, referring primarily to Figs. 1 and 6, there
10- 0rd in which the several superposed layers or ' are shown successive piles of inscription-receiving 10
sheets will remain in perfect alignment through
out inscribing and subsequent operations, and in
which, moreover, an operator, when desiring to
- separate the several layers, may do so with facility
_ 15 and with no danger of injuring the record.
A furtherv object .of the invention is that of
constructing a record requiring'no special train
ing or skill in its proper manipulation, and which
record'will also require novmodi?cation of the
20 parts of the inscribing machine in order to ac
commodate it; the record, moreover, occupying a
minimum amount of space and feeding e?iciently
through the inscribing station of a machine or
I2 in Fig. 1, may include one or more continuous
strips upon which separated sheet sets are ar
ranged in pile form. Therefore, the continuous
strip ll functions as a support or carrier for the
other strips and accordingly may be referred to as
a carrier or carrier strip. As also indicated at I3
in the latter ?gure, one or more of the layers might
be formed with extended edge portions providing 20
feeding areas which, in the case of Teletypes or
similar machines, may have a series of feed per
forations I 4 for cooperation with the teeth of a
ord which may, be'manufactured by automatic‘
sprocket or pin wheel, it being understood, how
ever, that any ,other desired feeding expedient 25
might be resorted to, as, for example, the employ
machinery, and consequently, may be sold at a
ment of a more or less conventional friction feed
.An additional object is that of providing a rec
layers which, as indicated at In. in Fig. 6, may be
in the form of continuous strips, or, as II and
mechanism which cooperates with the feed-ar
With these, and other,'objects in mind, refer~ resting apertures indicatedat l5. In any event,
so ence is had to the attached sheets of drawings, the record in each instance is formed with trans 30
versely extending lines of fold, so that the piles
' illustrating practical embodiments of .the inven
nominal ?gure.
tion, and in which: .
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one form of rec-1
may be compactly arranged one above the other
in zigzag form, and along these lines of fold rows ‘
of perforations l6 may be formed in one or more
Fig. 2 is a face view showing'a di?erent form' of the layers (according to the construction adopt- 35
of-the invention;
red) , so that ready severance at these points may
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken along
the lines 3-3 and in the'direction of the arrows
of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing a
still different formof the invention;
‘ Fig, 51s a transverse sectional view taken along
the lines 5-5 and in the direction of‘the arrows
of Fig. 4; and
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the records as
shown in Figs. 2.and 4.
While the present invention may, in many re
spects, be embodied in virtually any desired type
of recoi'd', it preferably- formsa part of a record
; embracing a superposed series of strips or layers
be e?ected.
It has been found, in manipulating records _
such as these, that despite the transverse lines
of fold-and in the case of fanfold connection 40
along the longitudinal edges of the layers—in
many instances the layers‘or sheets of a pile
will tend to creep with respect to each other,
- particularly as they—move towards and ‘into the
inscribing station of a machine. In order to 45
overcome di?iculties in‘ this connection, it has
been proposed to secure the several superposed
layers, at spaced points, against movement with
respect to each other. However, any ordinary
fastening provision resorted to has to be de 50
(with or without interleaved carbon) and in which ' stroyedor rendered inoperative after severance ’
the strips have transverse lines offolding, so that
the-record is divided by these lines into a longi
‘tudinal series of successive piles. ‘Along these
- iines‘it may additionally be formed with rows of
of the sheet pile, in order that the individual
layers of the pile may be segregated. Consider
able di?iculty has been-encountered in this’ con
nection, due to the time consumed and also, in 55
certain instances, due to injury to the record in ‘ without departing from the spirit of the inven
rendering the fastening element inoperative. tion as defined by the laims.
Having described my'invention, what I claim
Additionally, in certain instances, operators
have been- injured in removing the fastening ele
ments, particularly where the latter have been
in the form of staples.
With this in mind, and again referring speci?cally to Fig. 1, it will be seen that staples H
are employed, and with these fastening ele 10 ments an extracting medium is associated.
This‘ medium may take the form of a cord 18
underlying the body of the staple, and by simply
grasping the ends of this element, an operator,
> by exerting a pull, will effect a removal of the
15 staple without injury to the record, and with
_- the expenditure of minimum effort and time.
Moreover, this construction will in no wise inter
‘fere with the passage of the ‘record to and
through the inscribing station of a machine, and
20 as long as the cord is not moved, the‘sheets or
- layers of the pile will be maintained against
any displacement with respect to each other.
as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat
ent is:—-
l. A record including a series of attached piles
of superposed layers of material, staples extend
ing through said layers to limit relative move
ments' thereof, mounting strips for said staples
applied one to each of ‘said piles, said mounting 10
strips being relatively narrow as compared with
the lengthof the piles and being of tougher ma
terial than that of the layers, said staples extend
ing through said strips, said layers being formed ‘
with apertures larger than said‘staples and loose1y receiving the latter, for accommodating the
arms of said staples and means disposed beneath
saidlayers for maintaining said staples in posi- '
,2. A record including a series of attached piles 2° _
of superposed layersof material, staples extend
ing through said layers to limit relative move
Referring to Fig. 2, staples I! pass through
ments thereof, and pairs of strips for mounting
the sheets or layers 20 of a record pile, and
said staples and applied one to the outer and one
to the inner face of each pile, said strips being
25 more particularly, the arms of'these staples ex
tend through apertures 2| formed at any desired . relatively narrow as compared to the length of
place in the pile. The arms of the staples pierce the piles and being of tougher material than that
the bodies of- strips 22 arranged above, and be , of the layers, the layers of said piles being formed
low the sheet pile, ‘and “it will be obvious that, by with apertures larger than said staples and loose-, 30
30 simply. grasping these strips and moving them ly receiving the latter. '
3. In combination, a record including a pile of
in opposite directions,v the staples .will tear
through one of the same and inove clear of‘ the
sheet pile to render the layers of the latter read
ily removable from each other.
In the form shown in Figs. 4 and‘5, in lieu
sheets, two or more of said sheets having open
ings in intercepting relation depthwise of the
pile, a fastener spaced inwardly ‘from the sheet
edges and securing said sheets together and be
of two strips 22, a single strip 23 is employed
ing smaller in diameter than the diameterof said .
’ which may conveniently be disposed one across
openings and passing into. the latter. a frangible
keeper narrower than the sheets of the record‘
the upper face of each pile, and serve as a
mounting for the staples 24. The outer ends of.
the-latter pierce the lower layer and arms ex
and'separate from said sheets and lying across
tending within the apertures of the upper lay
to said fastener and further means positioned
Obviously, an operator, upon seizing the
strip 23, may move the same upwardly, and due
to the fact that this strip is preferably formed
of a material offering greater resistance to tear
ing than-the material ‘of the lower inscription
and entirely covering said openings and attached
beneath said pile for maintaining the fastener in position.
4. In combination, a record including a pile of
sheets, two or more of said sheets having open
ings in intercepting relation depthwise of the
receiving strip, the latter will tear ‘through, thus » pile, at a plurality of points, fasteners, loosely ly- .
freeing the intervening leaves,
ing in the openings at said points respectively,
' It will be-observed that ‘the strip apertures as
an outer paper binding strip relatively narrow as
50 clearly shown in the illustrative embodiments of
compared to said sheets and to which said fas
teners are attached, said binder being of tougher
Figs. 3 and 5, are slightly larger than the at-"
taching staples, so that the latter are loosely re
material than that of said sheets and additional
ceived within the respective apertures. At the
same time, the. staples pierce, in close contact,
65 the upper and the lower attaching plies or strips,
thus forming a relatively positive attachment
means disposed beneath said pile for positioning
therewithn The attachment of the sheets or
terial, staples extending through said layers t0
limit relative movements thereaf, and mounting
strips separate from the said ‘material layers and
strips with the staples afforded by the strip ap
ertures are thus relatively impositive as com
60 pared with the attachments to the upper and
lower plies. In this manner, the attachments
between the record strips are readily terminated
when onev of the positive attachments of the
staple is severed. When the positive connection
at one side of the assemblage is thus severed,
the opposite terminal strip embodying the other
positive connection may serve as a removing de
vice for withdrawing the staple from its strip
attaching position.
From the foregoing it will be understood that,
among others, the several objects of the inven
tion as herein speci?cally aforementioned are
achieved. It will, moreover, be understood that
numerous changes in construction, and rear
75 rangements ‘of the parts might be resorted to
said fasteners.
5. In a record assembly, in combination. a- se- .
rles of attached piles of
layers of ma
of less extent longitudinally of the assembly than
the latter, and applied, one only to each of' said
piles, said staples extending through said piles
and'strips and through intermediate layer aper
. tures larger than the staples, the layer opposite
to the respective mounting strip having a posi
tive connection with the corresponding staple.
6. In a record assembly, in combination, a plus Y
rality of record sheets in superposed manifolding
relation, and each having apertures spaced in
wardly from the sheet edges and being equally
spaced from each other and similarly positioned
inthe several sheets so as-to align respectively ,
with each other at spaced points, spaced-fasten
ers positioned respectively in the apertures and
being materially smaller than the latter, and
?exible attaching paper strips narrower than the
record sheets and extending continuously be
tween and respectively overlying the apertures
at both sides of the assembly and being respec
tively attached to said fasteners.
7. In a record assembly, in combination, a plu
rality of long, continuous manifolding strips in
superposed manifolding relation with each other,
and each having apertures spaced inwardly from
the longitudinal strip edges and being substan
tially equally longitudinally spaced from each
other and similarly positioned in the several
strips so as to align respectively with each other
at spaced points along the assembly, said strips
having longitudinally spaced transverse weak
ened severance lines'along which the assembly
may be divided into sets of superposed leaves,
longitudinally spaced fasteners positioned re
spectively in said apertures and being materially
smaller than the latter, and longitudinally
spaced, ?exible attaching transverse strips re
spectively overlapping the apertures at both sides
of the assembly and being respectively attached
to said fasteners which extend through the at
taching strips.
8. _In a record assembly, in combination, a plu
rality of long continuous manifoldlng strips in
superposed manifolding relation with each other,
one or more of said strips having a longitudinally '
disposed series of apertures longitudinally ‘spaced
therealong and spaced inwardly from the ion
gitudinal strip edges, said strips having longi 10
tudinally spaced, transverse weakened severance
lines along which the assembly may be divided
into sets of superposed leaves, longitudinally
spaced fasteners positioned respectively in the
apertures and being relatively smaller than the 15
'latter, and longitudinally spaced, ?exible attach
ing strips respectively overlapping and in
alignment with the apertures at at least one side
of the assembly, and being respectively attached
to said fasteners which pass through the attach 20
ing strips.
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