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Патент USA US2049427

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Aug. 4, 1936.
-
‘E. s. DENK
_
‘_
2,049,427
T ILE MOUNTING
Filed Dec‘. 26, 1929
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Aug. 4, 1936.
'
E. s. DENK
‘
2,049,427
TILE MOUNTING
vFiled Dec. 26, 1929
2 SheétS-Sheet 2
Patented Aug. 4, 1936
2,049,427
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. .
2,049,427
TILE MOUNTING
' Emil s. Dcnk, Villa pm‘, m, assignor to Porce
lain Tile Corporation, a corporation of Dela
ware
- Application December 26, 1929, Serial No. 416,382
1 Claim.
(CI. 72-23)
The invention relates to tile mountings and has
reference more particularly to the mounting of
tile elements upon an appropriate surface, to
5
the tile elements I! cast thereon are preferably
formed. of plaster, such as is used in interior
produce a tile panel or unit which can be em
plastering work. This composition consists prin
cipally of lime and sand, which when ?nally set
ployed for tiling work.
Heretofore the greatest objection encountered
forms a hard durable block, having the advan
tage of lightness in proportion to its bulk. Ce
in the tiling of surfaces such as floors, walls, etc.,
has been the excessive cost of labor necessary for
ment- mortars may also be used and are in fact
more desirable when an extremely hard block or
laying the tiles in proportion to the cost of the
slab is required and where excessive weight is
not a disadvantage. The plaster slab is found 10
desirable in tiling a wall, while the heavier slab
may be used for ?oors, etc., which in addition
to being subjected to constant wear, would also
have to support a moderate weight.
The tile elements l2 as shown in Figure 3are
formed preferably by being stamped from a sheet
of metal and comprise a flat face, having side
portions or marginal flanges it provided with
1 S material used. The actual embedding of. the tiles
in a freshly poured cement surface, the aligning
of the tiles with each other and the spacing of
them so that the tiled surface as a whole pre
sents a neat appearance is of course an exacting
task and requires skilled labor.
An object of the present invention therefore
is to provide suitable supporting surfaces adapt
ed to have tiles previously mounted thereon, a
plurality of which surfaces can be secured to a
20 support thus presenting a neatly tiled area which
will reduce the labor cost in tilingthe same to
tabs or tangs IS.
The tabs are bent down as
shown and with the tiles in this inverted position,
the plaster is poured over them to a su?icient
' thickness according to the specific use the result
a minimum.
Another object of the invention is to provide
an appropriate surface upon which tile elements
' can be mounted by being cast upon the surface
and interlocked thereon, which surfaces will af
ford a unit for tiling any area such as a wall,
‘ ceiling or ‘the like.
A further object is to provide an improved
method of forming a tile panel.
hardeningor final set has taken place, the tile 25
elements are securely locked to the surface of
the slab. The same may be cast having a large
number of- tile elements secured thereto or of a
size to accommodate the four tile elements as
‘ shown in Figure 4.
_
With these and various other objects in view,
the'invention consists of certain novel features
of operation, as will be more fully described and
particularly pointed out in the speci?cation,
' drawings and claim appended hereto;
' In the drawings
'
Figure l is-a perspective view of a section of a
Surface showing some tiles in place and others
40
removed.
Figure 2 is a sectional view taken on line 2-2.
of Figure 1.
.
Figure 3 is a perspective view showing the bot
tom of a tile element.
ing slab or- panel is to be put. The tabs are in
this manner embedded in the plaster and after
.
Figure 4 is a perspective view of. a surface hav
I
30
The invention, it is to be understood, is not
necessarily limited to the use of. any special size
of tile, since for some work a fairly large size
tile may be needed, which would require a fairly
large slab for the purposes of the invention, while
for another character of tiling work a smaller
size of tile and correspondingly smaller slab
could be used. This latter size of slab has been
found in actual use to give very good results when
employed for ?oors, as such surfaces are sub 40
jected to moderate weight .and the smaller size
. has little or no tendency to crack due to this
weight as would be the result with the larger size.
Accordingly the form of. slab shown in Figure 1
45 ing means for'securing the same to a wall or I finds more extensive use in the tiling of walls.
floor.
>
i
,
Figure 5 is a plan view showing a wall tiled in
accordance with the present invention.
Figure _6 is a perspective view of a device em
5 O ployed in casting the surfaces showing the tile
elements in place.
Figure '7 is a sectional view taken substantially
through the middle of the device as disclosed in
Figure 6.
The surfaces, slabs or foundations it having
It has also beenv found desirable to afford some
suitable locking means for the slabs to help lock
the same to their supporting walls or floors, as
the case may be, and for this purpose the slabs
45
may be provided with a longitudinally extending 50
slot it, which is made dove-tail in shape. This
recess interlocks with the cement when the slabs
are laid or embedded therein, thus forming ad
ditional means for holding the slabs in place.
I
Referring to Figure 6, the arrangement used
l 2
2,949,427
in casting the plaster surfaces, consists merely of
a box structure having a bottom 20 and sides 22.
Upon the bottom is formed protuberances II,
which are spaced from each other a distance
equal to the width of the tile elements to be used.
The protuberances run transverse and longi
tudinally of the box and divide the bottom into
squares, into which are placed the tile elements
l2 with the tabs l8 bent over as shown. With the
10 elements so spaced, the plaster or mortar is then
poured until the desired thickness of slab is se
cured. After the ?nal set and hardening has
taken place, the cast slab can be removed. Due
to the raised protuberances the tile elements are
15 correctly spaced, not only upon the surface of
the slab, but also in relation to each other and in
addition grooves 26 are formed between the ele
ments I 2 to give them the appearance of being
raised from the surface of the slab. This spac
ing is carried out when the slabs are located ad
jacent to each other by making the distance from
the edges of the slab to the tile elements just one
half the full tile spacing. As shown in Figure 5
the various surfaces with the elements l2 cast
thereon are embedded in mortar or plaster 20
so that all are in close abutting relation. In
?nishing on‘ the tiling work,_some of the mortar
is spread between the tiles to conceal the abutting
80 edges ofthe surfaces. This is generally known
as pointing up, the result of which vis to give to
v any ?oor or wall, covered in the manner as de
frames, window sills, door frames, medicine cab
inets, bath tubs, etc., and secured in place upon
the wall, and the tiles thereafter applied to the
foundation sheet.
There is, however, a large ?eld in which the
method of tiling herein disclosed may be advan
tageously employed, that is to say, jobs where
relatively large continuous or unbroken surfaces
‘occur, as in corridors, exterior walls, subway and
tunnel walls, etc. Here it is possible to employ 1°
preformed tiled panels which may be applied to
the supporting structure in completed form, since
no cutting or ?tting of the panels is required.
It thus becomes possible to produce the panels by
factory methods, thereby obtaining the advan 15
tages incident to mass production and reducing
to a minimum the amount of handwork to be
done on the job. The present invention is di
rected to the production of such tiled panels as 20
articles of manufacture.
It is to be understood that I do not wish to be
limited by the exact embodiment of the device
shown, which is merely by way of illustration and
not limitation, as various and other forms of the
device will of course be apparent to those skilled 25
in the art without departing from the spirit of
the invention or the scope of the claim. _
I claim:
The process of producing a tiled unit consist
ing of a foundation having the face thereof cov~
ered with a multiplicity of tiles, each of the tiles
scribed, the appearance of individually laid tiles.
having tangs extending into the foundation,
The system of tiling disclosed in the Haines
Patents Nos. 1,594,614 and 1,704,537 is particu
which consists in supporting the multiplicity of
tiles in inverted position and properly spaced from
.one another, and applying the foundation to said 35
larly valuable in tiling relatively small irregular
surfaces, such as occur, for instance. in vbathrooms
and kitchens, because the foundation sheet can
fit around projecting portions, .suchv as window
supported series of tiles whereby the tangs are '
engaged with the foundation.
EIVUL S. DENK.
CERTIFICATE‘ or CORRECTION.
Patent No. 2,049,427. '
August 4, 1936.
error appears in'the printed specification of
the above numbered patent requ iring correction as follows:
column, line 38,‘ after‘ "can" insert the words be "tailored" Page 2, first
_ Signed and sealed this 20th day of October, A. D. i936.
(Seal)
l 2
2,949,427
in casting the plaster surfaces, consists merely of
a box structure having a bottom 20 and sides 22.
Upon the bottom is formed protuberances II,
which are spaced from each other a distance
equal to the width of the tile elements to be used.
The protuberances run transverse and longi
tudinally of the box and divide the bottom into
squares, into which are placed the tile elements
l2 with the tabs l8 bent over as shown. With the
10 elements so spaced, the plaster or mortar is then
poured until the desired thickness of slab is se
cured. After the ?nal set and hardening has
taken place, the cast slab can be removed. Due
to the raised protuberances the tile elements are
15 correctly spaced, not only upon the surface of
the slab, but also in relation to each other and in
addition grooves 26 are formed between the ele
ments I 2 to give them the appearance of being
raised from the surface of the slab. This spac
ing is carried out when the slabs are located ad
jacent to each other by making the distance from
the edges of the slab to the tile elements just one
half the full tile spacing. As shown in Figure 5
the various surfaces with the elements l2 cast
thereon are embedded in mortar or plaster 20
so that all are in close abutting relation. In
?nishing on‘ the tiling work,_some of the mortar
is spread between the tiles to conceal the abutting
80 edges ofthe surfaces. This is generally known
as pointing up, the result of which vis to give to
v any ?oor or wall, covered in the manner as de
frames, window sills, door frames, medicine cab
inets, bath tubs, etc., and secured in place upon
the wall, and the tiles thereafter applied to the
foundation sheet.
There is, however, a large ?eld in which the
method of tiling herein disclosed may be advan
tageously employed, that is to say, jobs where
relatively large continuous or unbroken surfaces
‘occur, as in corridors, exterior walls, subway and
tunnel walls, etc. Here it is possible to employ 1°
preformed tiled panels which may be applied to
the supporting structure in completed form, since
no cutting or ?tting of the panels is required.
It thus becomes possible to produce the panels by
factory methods, thereby obtaining the advan 15
tages incident to mass production and reducing
to a minimum the amount of handwork to be
done on the job. The present invention is di
rected to the production of such tiled panels as 20
articles of manufacture.
It is to be understood that I do not wish to be
limited by the exact embodiment of the device
shown, which is merely by way of illustration and
not limitation, as various and other forms of the
device will of course be apparent to those skilled 25
in the art without departing from the spirit of
the invention or the scope of the claim. _
I claim:
The process of producing a tiled unit consist
ing of a foundation having the face thereof cov~
ered with a multiplicity of tiles, each of the tiles
scribed, the appearance of individually laid tiles.
having tangs extending into the foundation,
The system of tiling disclosed in the Haines
Patents Nos. 1,594,614 and 1,704,537 is particu
which consists in supporting the multiplicity of
tiles in inverted position and properly spaced from
.one another, and applying the foundation to said 35
larly valuable in tiling relatively small irregular
surfaces, such as occur, for instance. in vbathrooms
and kitchens, because the foundation sheet can
fit around projecting portions, .suchv as window
supported series of tiles whereby the tangs are '
engaged with the foundation.
EIVUL S. DENK.
CERTIFICATE‘ or CORRECTION.
Patent No. 2,049,427. '
August 4, 1936.
error appears in'the printed specification of
the above numbered patent requ iring correction as follows:
column, line 38,‘ after‘ "can" insert the words be "tailored" Page 2, first
_ Signed and sealed this 20th day of October, A. D. i936.
(Seal)
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