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Патент USA US2050627

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'Aug. 11, 1936.
J_ 5 PATTERSON
.
2,050,627
PRESSING MACHINE
Filed June 9, 1953
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
INVENTOR
ORNEY
Aug. 11, 1936. ~
J_ 3 PATTERSQN
'
2,050,627
PRES S ING MACHINE
Filed June 9, 1953
5 Sheets-Sheet 2
A
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I/l/
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INVENTOR
John J; lirz‘z‘ewan
BY
'
RNEY!
Aug. 11, 1936.
v
J. s. PATTERSON
2,050,627 _
PRESSING MACHINE
Filed June 9, 1933
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
INVENTOR
TéRNE
PatentedAug. 11, 1936
2,050,627
UNITED STATES PATENT \OFFICE
2,050,627
PRESSING MACHINE
John S. Patterson, Madeira, Ohio, assignor to
The American Laundry Machinery Company,
Cincinnati, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio
Application June 9, 1933, Serial No. 675,099
3 Claims. (Cl. 38-20)
This invention relates to improvements in vention proceeds, the invention resides in the
pressing machines and more particularly, to a combination and arrangement of parts and in
machine designed especially for use in the press
the details of construction hereinafter described
5
ing of such articles as men’s coats, particularly
those di?icult-to-machine-press washable coats
of linen, cotton and the like.
Heretofore, in the pressing of such coats, hand
?nishing work has been necessary, particularly
to press those portions of the coats between the
l O shoulder seams and the lapels, and even then,
the pressing has not been accomplished in a
manner to give the coats the desired form ?t.
It is therefore the object of the present in
vention to provide a pressing machine which en
15 'ables the upper portions of men’s coats, which
portions are the most dii?cult to machine press,
to be easily, conveniently and e?iciently pressed,
with proper form ?t, and to that end, the present
improved pressing machine includes a plurality
20 of differently shaped sets of co-operating, rela
tively movable pressing members, each such set
being designed to properly press certain prede
termined portions of such articles as men’s coats,
and the successive use of all such sets effecting
25 the proper pressing of all the upper portions of
such articles, thereby rendering hand ?nishing
work in the pressing of such articles wholly
and claimed, it being understood that changes in
the invention as herein disclosed can be made 5.
within the scope of what is claimed without de
parting from the spirit of the invention.
The invention will be readily understood from
the following description of one embodiment
thereof, reference being had to the accompany 10
ing drawings in which
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the upper por
tion of a pressing machine, in open position, em
bodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a front
view of said machine, in closed position, with
15'
portions thereof broken away to show interior
construction and with the middle two bucks of
the four sets of co-operative pressing members
in lowered, inoperative position; Fig. 3 is a detail
vertical sectional view of said machine, the view 20
being taken on the line 3-3, Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is
a detail vertical sectional view of two of the
treadles of the machine, the view being taken
on the line 4-4, Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is a view similar
to Fig. 4 but ‘showing said treadles in the re 25
verse position; Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 2
but showing the middle two bucks in raised,
operative position; and Figs. '7 to 15 inclusive
are plan views of the several bucks, with work
two rigidly mounted sets of pressing members,v positioned thereon for pressing.
The pressing machine chosen to illustrate the
to equalize or distribute the pressure exerted on
' the lower, work-supporting members or bucks present invention is of the well known scissors
of the several sets of pressing members, due to type and includes a suitable frame I provided
variation in the thickness of the padding with with a support 2 for pedestals 3, 4, 5 and 6, upon
which pedestals are respectively mounted work
35 which either one or both of the pressing mem
supporting lower pressing members or bucks ‘I,
bers of each set is provided, etc., the present im
proved pressing machine has the bucks of one 8, 9 and I0 suitably padded, as is usual. Co
operating with said bucks are upper pressing
or more of its sets of co-operating pressing mem
bers, such as those of the middle two of its four members or heads l1, I8, l9 and 20 rigidly
40 such sets, mounted for vertical movement to mounted on a suitable support 2| carried by
selectively locate the bucks of such middle two the forward ends of a pair of yoke members
sets either in an operative position slightly above 22 pivoted intermediate their ends, as at 23,
or in an inoperative position slightly below the upon an upward extension 24 of the machine
bucks of the remaining two sets, namely, the end frame I. The heads here shown are of the hol
low, steam heated type and are unpadded, such
45 sets. With such a contruction, the ironing pres
sure exerted through the swingingly mounted, as are used in laundry work. Unpadded heads
rigid upper pressing members or heads of the are preferable in the pressing of linens or cotton
several sets, which heads swing as a unit, is coats, but for pressing coats of men’s winter
applied either to the middle two bucks or to the suits of wool and the like, the heads should
be suitably padded, as will be readily understood.
50 two end bucks, depending upon whether the mid
dle two bucks are in raised, operative position,
The present pressing machine, as is usual, is
as shown in Fig. 6, or in lowered, inoperative closed by, swinging the upper pressing members
position, as shown in Fig. 2.
or heads l1, l8, l9 and 20 down into co-operative
unnecessary.
Inasmuch as it is impossible, with more than
With the foregoing and other objects in view
55 which will appear as the description of the in_—~
30
40
45
50
engagement, respectively, with the lower press
ing members or bucks ‘I, 8, 9 and ID, as shown 55
2
2,050,627
in Figs. 2 and 6, and is opened by swinging said
in plan view with a slight longitudinal upward
heads upwardly out of such engagement, as
curvature, as shown.
shown in Fig. 1, said heads, in the present
machine, moving both downwardly and up
The set of pressing members 9, I9 just to the
left of the right end set, or in other words, the
wardly as a unit. To effect such closing and
opening of the press, suitable toggle mechanism
(not shown) is operatively connected to the rear
ends of the yoke members 22 and for operating
said toggle mechanism, suitable power means in
third one of the four sets, as viewed from the
10 the form of a pneumatic piston and cylinder
structure 28 is provided, said structure being
controlled by a pair of hand levers 29 and 3G,
depression of both of which effects a closing of
the press, and by a foot lever or treadle 3!, de
15 pression of which effects an opening of the press.
Inasmuch as said control mechanism forms no
particular part of the present invention, it is
not here illustrated or described in detail,
if further information is desired concerning
20 construction or operation of this part of
present machine, reference may be had to
but
the
the
the
Singiser Pressing machine Patent No. 1,890,341,
granted December 6, 1932, in which patent said
control mechanism is fully illustrated and de
25 scribed.
As clearly shown in the accompanying draw
ings, the co-operating pressing members of the
several sets of pressing members are of different
shapes, the pressing members of each set being
30. of such shape as to enable them to ef?ciently
and properly press certain predetermined por
tions of such articles as men’s coats, particularly
washable coats of linen, cotton and the like,
such as men wear. in the summer, in offices, etc.
35 By the successive use of the several sets of press
ing members here shown, the upper portions of
such coats can be easily, conveniently and ef?ci
ently pressed, in a manner to give them the de
sired form ?t and without the necessity of any
hand ?nishing work thereon whatsoever.
The set of pressing members at the right end
of the machine, as viewed in Figs. 1, 2 and 6,
namely, the buck I0 and its co-operating head
20, are for use in pressing the lapels 35, 36 of
45 such coats, as shown in Figs. 7 and 8, the collars
31 of such coats, as shown in Fig. 9, and the
upper portions 38 of men’s trousers, as shown in
Fig. 15. For the accomplishment of this work,
the buck I8 and its co-operating head 2;) are
50 given a generally triangular shape in plan view
with a slight transverse upward curvature, as
clearly shown in the accompanying drawings.
The set of pressing members at the left end
of the machine, namely, the buck ‘I and its co
55 operating head H, are for use in pressing those
portions 39 just'below, and those portions 48 just
to the sides of, the coat collars 31, as shown in
Fig. 10, and for creasing said collars, as shown
in Figs. 11 and 12. The proper pressing by
machine of those portions 48 at the sides of the
collars, namely, those portions lying between the
shoulder seams 132 and the lapels 35, 36 was
heretofore believed to be impossible of accom
plishment and hand ?nishing of these parts
65
was therefore resorted to in all quality pressing.
With the use of this set of pressing members ‘I,
I1, however, such portions are machine pressed
in a manner equally as good as with hand irons
and in a much shorter time, of course. As a
result, the cost of pressing such coats can be
materially decreased without any sacri?ce what
soever in the quality thereof.
75.
For the accom
front of the machine, Figs. 1, 2 and 6, are for
use in pressing the shoulders 45 of such coats,
as shown in Fig. 13, and for the accomplishment
of such work, the buck 9 and its co-operative
head l9 are given a generally rectangular shape
in plain view. Preferably and as shown (see Fig.
6), this buck and head are tilted slightly for
ward to enable the shoulder lays to be made
without disturbing or distorting the other por
15
tions of the coats.
The remaining set of pressing members 8, I 8,
namely, the second one as viewed from the front
of the machine, are for use in pressing the upper
portions of the coat backs, and this set of pressing
members, performing the last pressing work on 20
the coats, plays an important part in giving
said coats the desired form ?tting effects which
enable such coats to hang properly and to prop
erly hug the necks and shoulders of the wearers
thereof. For the accomplishment of this work, 25
the buck 8 and its co-operating head “3 are given
a somewhat triangular shape in plan view with
a longitudinal upward curvature, as shown.
In the pressing of the upper portions of such
a coat, the several lays are preferably made in
the order above referred to, that is, the coat
lapels 35, 36 are successively pressed by the
use of the pressing members I9, 28, as shown in
Figs. '7 and 8, and then the coat collar 3'! is
pressed by the use of such pressing members, as 35
shown in Fig. 9, such lays being made with the
inside of the coat turned uppermost. Those
portions 39, 66 adjacent the collar 3'! are next
pressed by use of the pressing members 7, H,
as shown in Fig. 10, this lay being made with
the outside of the coat turned uppermost and
with the previously pressed collar 3? turned
downwardly into the central opening of the buck
1, as shown. The two sides of the collar 31 are
then creased, as shown in Figs. 11 and 12, by
the use of the pressing members 1, H, the opera
tor with one hand grasping the coat at approxi
mately the ?rst button thereof and with the
other hand grasping the coat collar at substan
tially its center line. The creasing of the collar 50
requires but little time, inasmuch as it has been
previously dried and pressed by members [0, 20,
Fig. 9. The shoulders 45 of the coat are next
pressed, by the successive use of the pressing
members 9, 59, as shown in Fig. 13, and there- .
after the coat is draped over buck 8, as shown
in Fig. 14, and the top portion of the back
thereof pressed by the head 18 co-operating with
said buck, this completing the pressing of the
upper portions of the coat. The several lays are
so made that all parts of the top portion of the
coat are pressed in the above speci?ed steps, the
pressing being accomplished in a manner to
make hand ?nishing work unnecessary and to
make increased production easy to attain.
As shown in Fig. 15, the pressing members I0,
20 are also adapted for use in pressing the upper
portions of men’s trousers, such. work being
accomplished in four similar lays of which one
lay is shown, namely, the one for the pressing 0.
of the right front portion of the trousers.
Inasmuch as it is impossible, with more than
two rigidly mounted sets of pressing members,
plishment of this work, the buck ‘I and its co
to equalize or distribute the pressure exerted on
operating head, I‘! are given a generally. U-shape
the lower, work-supporting pressing members
(3
2,050,627
pressing members or heads [1, l8, l9 and 29,
which heads swing both downwardly and up
wise, the rollers of levers 51 and 58 engaging
and raising the ?anges 5|, 52 of support 50 upon
which are mounted the pedestals 4 and 5 of
bucks 8 and 9.
With the middle ‘two bucks 8 and 9 in their‘
raised, operative position shown in Fig. 6, the
operator depresses the hand control levers 29
and 39 and thereby effects closing of the press
and consequent pressing engagement of the two
middle sets of pressing members‘, namely, buck 10
8 and head l8 and buck 9 and head I9. Inas
much as bucks 8 and 9 are above the plane of
the end bucks ‘I and If], the end heads H and
28 are prevented from engaging the end bucks,
wardly as a unit, being rigidly mounted on the
as shown in Fig. 6, so that all ironing pressure
support 2!, as before referred to, is applied either
to the middle two bucks 8 and 9 or to the two
end bucks 1 and I9, depending upon whether
the middle two bucks are in raised, operative
position, as shown in Fig. 6, or in lowered, inop
erative position, as shown in Fig. 2.
The means here shown for mounting the two
middle bucks 8 and 9 for such vertical movement
includes a separate support 50 therefor, with
which the buck carrying pedestals 4 and 5 are
integral, although, of course, they need not be.
Said support, through its front and rear de
is applied to the middle two bucks 8 and 9, with
consequent pressing of the work thereon.
'To open the press, the operator depresses
or bucks, due to variation in the thickness of
the padding with which said bucks are pro
vided, etc., the present improved pressing ma
chine has one or more of its bucks, such as the
middle two bucks 8 and 9 in the embodiment
of the invention here illustrated, mounted for
vertical movement to selectively locate said bucks
either in an operative position slightly above
or in an inoperative position slightly below the
IO remaining bucks, such as the end bucks 1, ' It.
With such a construction, the ironing pressure
exerted through the swingingly mounted, upper
treadle 32 which, through the connections fully
disclosed in the aforesaid Singiser patent, ele
vates the several heads El, l8, l9 and 29 to the
position shown in Fig. 1.
If the operator now desires to press Work on
the end bucks l and ID, the treadle 15 is de
pressed, which raises treadle l9 and‘ lowers the 25
pending flanges iii, 52, respectively, is mounted
two middle bucks 8 and 9, through the connecé
tions above described, to their inoperative posi
tion below the plane of the end bucks ‘i and I9,
upon a pair of front rollers 53 and a pair of rear
as shown in Fig. 2. Depression of the hand con
rollers 56, said front rollers being mounted upon ' trol levers 29 and 39 again results in closing of
the upper ends of a pair of front levers 51 and the press but this time, pressing engagement is
said rear rollers being mounted upon the upper effected only between the pressing members of
ends of a pair of rear levers 58, said levers 51, 58 the two end sets, namely, between buck ‘I and
being fast, respectively, on the front and rear head'i'i and between buck l0 and head 20, the
35 ends of two transversely disposed shafts 99. pressing members of the two middle sets‘being 35
out of engagement, as shown in Fig. 2. All of
' Connected to each of said shafts is a lever 6!,
the ironing pressure is therefore applied to the
which levers are connected by means of con
necting rods 63 and levers 64 to a longitudinally two end bucks ‘I and ill, with consequent press
ing of the work thereon, all as will be readily
disposed shaft 56 suitably mounted in the .ma
.
40 chine frame 5. Connected to said shaft 66 by understood.
the present pressing machines are arranged for
its ends in a suitable bracket 12.
tandem operation with a more or less standard
Alongside
the treadle ‘I0 and operatively connected to it by
45 a bell-crank lever M is another treadle “I5, this
second treadle having its rear end pivoted at 1B
in a suitable bracket ‘H. The connection of such
treadles ‘l9, 15 is such that depression of either
treadle raises the other one, and thus a con
50 venient, foot operated means is provided for
effecting, when desired, vertical movement of the
two middle bucks 8 and 9, to selectively locate
them either above or below the plane of the two
end bucks ‘I and i9.
55
To obtain maximum production, one or two of
means of a lever 67 and a connecting rod 68 is
a foot lever or treadle l9 pivoted intermediate
-
To guide such middle bucks in their vertical
movement, the support 59 therefor is provided,
such as at its ends, with depending guide pins 89
entering suitable apertures in the pedestal sup
port 2, and in order to cushion the shocks pro
duced upon lowering of said bucks, suitable
cushioning means 82 is arranged between said
pedestal support 2 and the corners of said sup
port 59, as clearly shown in Fig. 3.
In the operation of the machine, when it is
65 desired to press work on either or both of the
two middle bucks 8 and 9, assuming said bucks
to be in their lowered, inoperative position, Fig.
2, the operator depresses treadle 10, thereby
raising treadle l5 and elevating the middle bucks
8 and 9 to their operative position shown in Fig.
6. The depression of treadle 39 effects such ele
vation of said middle bucks by raising connect
ing rod 68, turning levers 61, 64 and shaft 66
counter-clockwise, lowering connecting rods 63,
and turning levers BI, 51, 58 and shaft 60 clock
type, single head and buck pressing machine,
with which the lower portions of men’s coats and 45
trousers are pressed, so that such work may ad
vance steadily and rapidly to completion, it be
ing desired, of course, to have both of the two
middle sets or both of the two end sets of the
present machine in use each time said press is 50
closed.
”
Further features of the present invention will
be apparent to those skilled in the art to which
it relates.
55
What I claim is:
1. In a pressing machine, two sets of pressing
members, each such set comprising .a lower,
work-receiving pressing member and a cor-oper
ating upper pressing member, the pressing mem
bers of one set being shaped differently from the 60
pressing members of the other set, whereby dif
ferent pressing operations may be performed
by the use of such sets, a movable support on
which the upper pressing members of both sets '
are rigidly mounted for movement therewith as 65
a unit, operating means for said support to se
lectively move said upper pressing members into
and out of pressing position, the lower pressing
member of one set being stationary and the
lower pressing member of the other set being
vertically movable between an operative position,
in which its work~receiving face is at a level
higher than that of the work-receiving face of
said stationary lower pressing member, and an
inoperative position, in which its work-receiving 75
22,050,827
\ ‘.face is‘v at alevel lower than that of the work .. pressing engagement between the co-operating
'. receiving face of said stationary lower pressing > pressing members of said intermediate set, or to
."member, and'means forselectively moving said
movable lower pressing memberto its operative
position, in which event movement of said upper
its inoperative position, in which event movement
of said upper pressing members to pressing posi
tion will result only in pressing engagement be- '
" pressing members to pressing position will result
tween the co-operating pressing members .of said
only. in pressing engagement between said mov
able lower‘pressing member and its co-operating
end sets.
3. In a pressing machine, two. end sets of
, upper pressing member, or to its inoperative po
sition, in which event movement of said upper
pressing members to pressing position will re
:pressing members and two intermediate sets of
pressing members, each such set comprisinga 10
lower, work-receiving pressing member and a
. sult. only inpressing engagement between said
. stationary lower pressing member and its co
co-operating upper pressing member, the four
sets of pressing members being differently
:operating upper presssing member.
shaped for di?erent pressing operations, a mov
able support on which the upper pressing mem
bers of all four sets are rigidly mounted for
movement therewith as a unit, the pressing faces
of said upper pressing members lying in sub
stantially the same horizontal plane, operating
; 2. In a pressing machine, two end sets of
pressing. members and an intermediate set of
pressing members, each such set comprising a
:lower work-receiving pressing member and a
20.
co=.operating upper pressing membenthethree
sets axof :pressing members being di?erently ' means for said support to selectively move .sald
' shaped for different pressing operations, a mov
upper pressing members into and out of press
able support on which the upper pressing mem
~bersof all three sets are rigidly mounted for
ing position, separate stationary supports for the
movement therewith as a unit, the pressing faces
of ‘said upper pressing members lying in sub
lower pressing members of said end sets, a ver
tically movable common support for the lower
pressing members of said intermediate sets, and
a single operating means for said last named
means for said support to selectively move said ~support to'eselectively move its lower pressing
upper pressing members into and out of pressing members to an operative position in which the
' stantially the same horizontal plane, operating
» position, the lower pressing members of the end " work-receiving faces of said intermediate mem
sets being stationary and having their work-re
;.-ceiving'rfaces lying .in' substantially .the same
horizontal plane, the lower pressing member of
:the intermediate set being vertically movable
" between; an operative position,
in which its
‘work-receiving face is at a level higher than
"that of. the work-receiving faces of said end
lower pressing members, and an inoperative po
~:sition,'>in‘ which its work-receiving vface is ata
bers are at a level higher than that of the work
receiving faces of said end lower pressing mem
bers, ‘in which event movement of said upper
pressing members to pressing position will re
sult only in pressing engagement between the
co-operating pressing members of said interme
diate sets, or to an inoperative position in which
the work-receiving faces of said intermediate
lower pressing members are at a level lower than
' levellower than that of. the work-receiving faces -'that of said end lower pressing members, in
$1140 of said end lower pressing members, and means
forselectively moving said intermediate lower
pressing member to its operative position, in
"which event movement of said upper pressing
.“members to pressing position will result only in
which event movement of said upper pressing‘,
members'to pressing position will result only in
pressing engagement between the co-operating
pressing members of said end sets.
JOHN S; PATTERSON.
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