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'Aug. 11, 1936. J_ 5 PATTERSON . 2,050,627 PRESSING MACHINE Filed June 9, 1953 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR ORNEY Aug. 11, 1936. ~ J_ 3 PATTERSQN ' 2,050,627 PRES S ING MACHINE Filed June 9, 1953 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 A . I/l/ I 4 W/////////////////////A ' INVENTOR John J; lirz‘z‘ewan BY ' RNEY! Aug. 11, 1936. v J. s. PATTERSON 2,050,627 _ PRESSING MACHINE Filed June 9, 1933 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR TéRNE PatentedAug. 11, 1936 2,050,627 UNITED STATES PATENT \OFFICE 2,050,627 PRESSING MACHINE John S. Patterson, Madeira, Ohio, assignor to The American Laundry Machinery Company, Cincinnati, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application June 9, 1933, Serial No. 675,099 3 Claims. (Cl. 38-20) This invention relates to improvements in vention proceeds, the invention resides in the pressing machines and more particularly, to a combination and arrangement of parts and in machine designed especially for use in the press the details of construction hereinafter described 5 ing of such articles as men’s coats, particularly those di?icult-to-machine-press washable coats of linen, cotton and the like. Heretofore, in the pressing of such coats, hand ?nishing work has been necessary, particularly to press those portions of the coats between the l O shoulder seams and the lapels, and even then, the pressing has not been accomplished in a manner to give the coats the desired form ?t. It is therefore the object of the present in vention to provide a pressing machine which en 15 'ables the upper portions of men’s coats, which portions are the most dii?cult to machine press, to be easily, conveniently and e?iciently pressed, with proper form ?t, and to that end, the present improved pressing machine includes a plurality 20 of differently shaped sets of co-operating, rela tively movable pressing members, each such set being designed to properly press certain prede termined portions of such articles as men’s coats, and the successive use of all such sets effecting 25 the proper pressing of all the upper portions of such articles, thereby rendering hand ?nishing work in the pressing of such articles wholly and claimed, it being understood that changes in the invention as herein disclosed can be made 5. within the scope of what is claimed without de parting from the spirit of the invention. The invention will be readily understood from the following description of one embodiment thereof, reference being had to the accompany 10 ing drawings in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the upper por tion of a pressing machine, in open position, em bodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a front view of said machine, in closed position, with 15' portions thereof broken away to show interior construction and with the middle two bucks of the four sets of co-operative pressing members in lowered, inoperative position; Fig. 3 is a detail vertical sectional view of said machine, the view 20 being taken on the line 3-3, Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is a detail vertical sectional view of two of the treadles of the machine, the view being taken on the line 4-4, Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 but ‘showing said treadles in the re 25 verse position; Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but showing the middle two bucks in raised, operative position; and Figs. '7 to 15 inclusive are plan views of the several bucks, with work two rigidly mounted sets of pressing members,v positioned thereon for pressing. The pressing machine chosen to illustrate the to equalize or distribute the pressure exerted on ' the lower, work-supporting members or bucks present invention is of the well known scissors of the several sets of pressing members, due to type and includes a suitable frame I provided variation in the thickness of the padding with with a support 2 for pedestals 3, 4, 5 and 6, upon which pedestals are respectively mounted work 35 which either one or both of the pressing mem supporting lower pressing members or bucks ‘I, bers of each set is provided, etc., the present im proved pressing machine has the bucks of one 8, 9 and I0 suitably padded, as is usual. Co operating with said bucks are upper pressing or more of its sets of co-operating pressing mem bers, such as those of the middle two of its four members or heads l1, I8, l9 and 20 rigidly 40 such sets, mounted for vertical movement to mounted on a suitable support 2| carried by selectively locate the bucks of such middle two the forward ends of a pair of yoke members sets either in an operative position slightly above 22 pivoted intermediate their ends, as at 23, or in an inoperative position slightly below the upon an upward extension 24 of the machine bucks of the remaining two sets, namely, the end frame I. The heads here shown are of the hol low, steam heated type and are unpadded, such 45 sets. With such a contruction, the ironing pres sure exerted through the swingingly mounted, as are used in laundry work. Unpadded heads rigid upper pressing members or heads of the are preferable in the pressing of linens or cotton several sets, which heads swing as a unit, is coats, but for pressing coats of men’s winter applied either to the middle two bucks or to the suits of wool and the like, the heads should be suitably padded, as will be readily understood. 50 two end bucks, depending upon whether the mid dle two bucks are in raised, operative position, The present pressing machine, as is usual, is as shown in Fig. 6, or in lowered, inoperative closed by, swinging the upper pressing members position, as shown in Fig. 2. or heads l1, l8, l9 and 20 down into co-operative unnecessary. Inasmuch as it is impossible, with more than With the foregoing and other objects in view 55 which will appear as the description of the in_—~ 30 40 45 50 engagement, respectively, with the lower press ing members or bucks ‘I, 8, 9 and ID, as shown 55 2 2,050,627 in Figs. 2 and 6, and is opened by swinging said in plan view with a slight longitudinal upward heads upwardly out of such engagement, as curvature, as shown. shown in Fig. 1, said heads, in the present machine, moving both downwardly and up The set of pressing members 9, I9 just to the left of the right end set, or in other words, the wardly as a unit. To effect such closing and opening of the press, suitable toggle mechanism (not shown) is operatively connected to the rear ends of the yoke members 22 and for operating said toggle mechanism, suitable power means in third one of the four sets, as viewed from the 10 the form of a pneumatic piston and cylinder structure 28 is provided, said structure being controlled by a pair of hand levers 29 and 3G, depression of both of which effects a closing of the press, and by a foot lever or treadle 3!, de 15 pression of which effects an opening of the press. Inasmuch as said control mechanism forms no particular part of the present invention, it is not here illustrated or described in detail, if further information is desired concerning 20 construction or operation of this part of present machine, reference may be had to but the the the Singiser Pressing machine Patent No. 1,890,341, granted December 6, 1932, in which patent said control mechanism is fully illustrated and de 25 scribed. As clearly shown in the accompanying draw ings, the co-operating pressing members of the several sets of pressing members are of different shapes, the pressing members of each set being 30. of such shape as to enable them to ef?ciently and properly press certain predetermined por tions of such articles as men’s coats, particularly washable coats of linen, cotton and the like, such as men wear. in the summer, in offices, etc. 35 By the successive use of the several sets of press ing members here shown, the upper portions of such coats can be easily, conveniently and ef?ci ently pressed, in a manner to give them the de sired form ?t and without the necessity of any hand ?nishing work thereon whatsoever. The set of pressing members at the right end of the machine, as viewed in Figs. 1, 2 and 6, namely, the buck I0 and its co-operating head 20, are for use in pressing the lapels 35, 36 of 45 such coats, as shown in Figs. 7 and 8, the collars 31 of such coats, as shown in Fig. 9, and the upper portions 38 of men’s trousers, as shown in Fig. 15. For the accomplishment of this work, the buck I8 and its co-operating head 2;) are 50 given a generally triangular shape in plan view with a slight transverse upward curvature, as clearly shown in the accompanying drawings. The set of pressing members at the left end of the machine, namely, the buck ‘I and its co 55 operating head H, are for use in pressing those portions 39 just'below, and those portions 48 just to the sides of, the coat collars 31, as shown in Fig. 10, and for creasing said collars, as shown in Figs. 11 and 12. The proper pressing by machine of those portions 48 at the sides of the collars, namely, those portions lying between the shoulder seams 132 and the lapels 35, 36 was heretofore believed to be impossible of accom plishment and hand ?nishing of these parts 65 was therefore resorted to in all quality pressing. With the use of this set of pressing members ‘I, I1, however, such portions are machine pressed in a manner equally as good as with hand irons and in a much shorter time, of course. As a result, the cost of pressing such coats can be materially decreased without any sacri?ce what soever in the quality thereof. 75. For the accom front of the machine, Figs. 1, 2 and 6, are for use in pressing the shoulders 45 of such coats, as shown in Fig. 13, and for the accomplishment of such work, the buck 9 and its co-operative head l9 are given a generally rectangular shape in plain view. Preferably and as shown (see Fig. 6), this buck and head are tilted slightly for ward to enable the shoulder lays to be made without disturbing or distorting the other por 15 tions of the coats. The remaining set of pressing members 8, I 8, namely, the second one as viewed from the front of the machine, are for use in pressing the upper portions of the coat backs, and this set of pressing members, performing the last pressing work on 20 the coats, plays an important part in giving said coats the desired form ?tting effects which enable such coats to hang properly and to prop erly hug the necks and shoulders of the wearers thereof. For the accomplishment of this work, 25 the buck 8 and its co-operating head “3 are given a somewhat triangular shape in plan view with a longitudinal upward curvature, as shown. In the pressing of the upper portions of such a coat, the several lays are preferably made in the order above referred to, that is, the coat lapels 35, 36 are successively pressed by the use of the pressing members I9, 28, as shown in Figs. '7 and 8, and then the coat collar 3'! is pressed by the use of such pressing members, as 35 shown in Fig. 9, such lays being made with the inside of the coat turned uppermost. Those portions 39, 66 adjacent the collar 3'! are next pressed by use of the pressing members 7, H, as shown in Fig. 10, this lay being made with the outside of the coat turned uppermost and with the previously pressed collar 3? turned downwardly into the central opening of the buck 1, as shown. The two sides of the collar 31 are then creased, as shown in Figs. 11 and 12, by the use of the pressing members 1, H, the opera tor with one hand grasping the coat at approxi mately the ?rst button thereof and with the other hand grasping the coat collar at substan tially its center line. The creasing of the collar 50 requires but little time, inasmuch as it has been previously dried and pressed by members [0, 20, Fig. 9. The shoulders 45 of the coat are next pressed, by the successive use of the pressing members 9, 59, as shown in Fig. 13, and there- . after the coat is draped over buck 8, as shown in Fig. 14, and the top portion of the back thereof pressed by the head 18 co-operating with said buck, this completing the pressing of the upper portions of the coat. The several lays are so made that all parts of the top portion of the coat are pressed in the above speci?ed steps, the pressing being accomplished in a manner to make hand ?nishing work unnecessary and to make increased production easy to attain. As shown in Fig. 15, the pressing members I0, 20 are also adapted for use in pressing the upper portions of men’s trousers, such. work being accomplished in four similar lays of which one lay is shown, namely, the one for the pressing 0. of the right front portion of the trousers. Inasmuch as it is impossible, with more than two rigidly mounted sets of pressing members, plishment of this work, the buck ‘I and its co to equalize or distribute the pressure exerted on operating head, I‘! are given a generally. U-shape the lower, work-supporting pressing members (3 2,050,627 pressing members or heads [1, l8, l9 and 29, which heads swing both downwardly and up wise, the rollers of levers 51 and 58 engaging and raising the ?anges 5|, 52 of support 50 upon which are mounted the pedestals 4 and 5 of bucks 8 and 9. With the middle ‘two bucks 8 and 9 in their‘ raised, operative position shown in Fig. 6, the operator depresses the hand control levers 29 and 39 and thereby effects closing of the press and consequent pressing engagement of the two middle sets of pressing members‘, namely, buck 10 8 and head l8 and buck 9 and head I9. Inas much as bucks 8 and 9 are above the plane of the end bucks ‘I and If], the end heads H and 28 are prevented from engaging the end bucks, wardly as a unit, being rigidly mounted on the as shown in Fig. 6, so that all ironing pressure support 2!, as before referred to, is applied either to the middle two bucks 8 and 9 or to the two end bucks 1 and I9, depending upon whether the middle two bucks are in raised, operative position, as shown in Fig. 6, or in lowered, inop erative position, as shown in Fig. 2. The means here shown for mounting the two middle bucks 8 and 9 for such vertical movement includes a separate support 50 therefor, with which the buck carrying pedestals 4 and 5 are integral, although, of course, they need not be. Said support, through its front and rear de is applied to the middle two bucks 8 and 9, with consequent pressing of the work thereon. 'To open the press, the operator depresses or bucks, due to variation in the thickness of the padding with which said bucks are pro vided, etc., the present improved pressing ma chine has one or more of its bucks, such as the middle two bucks 8 and 9 in the embodiment of the invention here illustrated, mounted for vertical movement to selectively locate said bucks either in an operative position slightly above or in an inoperative position slightly below the IO remaining bucks, such as the end bucks 1, ' It. With such a construction, the ironing pressure exerted through the swingingly mounted, upper treadle 32 which, through the connections fully disclosed in the aforesaid Singiser patent, ele vates the several heads El, l8, l9 and 29 to the position shown in Fig. 1. If the operator now desires to press Work on the end bucks l and ID, the treadle 15 is de pressed, which raises treadle l9 and‘ lowers the 25 pending flanges iii, 52, respectively, is mounted two middle bucks 8 and 9, through the connecé tions above described, to their inoperative posi tion below the plane of the end bucks ‘i and I9, upon a pair of front rollers 53 and a pair of rear as shown in Fig. 2. Depression of the hand con rollers 56, said front rollers being mounted upon ' trol levers 29 and 39 again results in closing of the upper ends of a pair of front levers 51 and the press but this time, pressing engagement is said rear rollers being mounted upon the upper effected only between the pressing members of ends of a pair of rear levers 58, said levers 51, 58 the two end sets, namely, between buck ‘I and being fast, respectively, on the front and rear head'i'i and between buck l0 and head 20, the 35 ends of two transversely disposed shafts 99. pressing members of the two middle sets‘being 35 out of engagement, as shown in Fig. 2. All of ' Connected to each of said shafts is a lever 6!, the ironing pressure is therefore applied to the which levers are connected by means of con necting rods 63 and levers 64 to a longitudinally two end bucks ‘I and ill, with consequent press ing of the work thereon, all as will be readily disposed shaft 56 suitably mounted in the .ma . 40 chine frame 5. Connected to said shaft 66 by understood. the present pressing machines are arranged for its ends in a suitable bracket 12. tandem operation with a more or less standard Alongside the treadle ‘I0 and operatively connected to it by 45 a bell-crank lever M is another treadle “I5, this second treadle having its rear end pivoted at 1B in a suitable bracket ‘H. The connection of such treadles ‘l9, 15 is such that depression of either treadle raises the other one, and thus a con 50 venient, foot operated means is provided for effecting, when desired, vertical movement of the two middle bucks 8 and 9, to selectively locate them either above or below the plane of the two end bucks ‘I and i9. 55 To obtain maximum production, one or two of means of a lever 67 and a connecting rod 68 is a foot lever or treadle l9 pivoted intermediate - To guide such middle bucks in their vertical movement, the support 59 therefor is provided, such as at its ends, with depending guide pins 89 entering suitable apertures in the pedestal sup port 2, and in order to cushion the shocks pro duced upon lowering of said bucks, suitable cushioning means 82 is arranged between said pedestal support 2 and the corners of said sup port 59, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. In the operation of the machine, when it is 65 desired to press work on either or both of the two middle bucks 8 and 9, assuming said bucks to be in their lowered, inoperative position, Fig. 2, the operator depresses treadle 10, thereby raising treadle l5 and elevating the middle bucks 8 and 9 to their operative position shown in Fig. 6. The depression of treadle 39 effects such ele vation of said middle bucks by raising connect ing rod 68, turning levers 61, 64 and shaft 66 counter-clockwise, lowering connecting rods 63, and turning levers BI, 51, 58 and shaft 60 clock type, single head and buck pressing machine, with which the lower portions of men’s coats and 45 trousers are pressed, so that such work may ad vance steadily and rapidly to completion, it be ing desired, of course, to have both of the two middle sets or both of the two end sets of the present machine in use each time said press is 50 closed. ” Further features of the present invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art to which it relates. 55 What I claim is: 1. In a pressing machine, two sets of pressing members, each such set comprising .a lower, work-receiving pressing member and a cor-oper ating upper pressing member, the pressing mem bers of one set being shaped differently from the 60 pressing members of the other set, whereby dif ferent pressing operations may be performed by the use of such sets, a movable support on which the upper pressing members of both sets ' are rigidly mounted for movement therewith as 65 a unit, operating means for said support to se lectively move said upper pressing members into and out of pressing position, the lower pressing member of one set being stationary and the lower pressing member of the other set being vertically movable between an operative position, in which its work~receiving face is at a level higher than that of the work-receiving face of said stationary lower pressing member, and an inoperative position, in which its work-receiving 75 22,050,827 \ ‘.face is‘v at alevel lower than that of the work .. pressing engagement between the co-operating '. receiving face of said stationary lower pressing > pressing members of said intermediate set, or to ."member, and'means forselectively moving said movable lower pressing memberto its operative position, in which event movement of said upper its inoperative position, in which event movement of said upper pressing members to pressing posi tion will result only in pressing engagement be- ' " pressing members to pressing position will result tween the co-operating pressing members .of said only. in pressing engagement between said mov able lower‘pressing member and its co-operating end sets. 3. In a pressing machine, two. end sets of , upper pressing member, or to its inoperative po sition, in which event movement of said upper pressing members to pressing position will re :pressing members and two intermediate sets of pressing members, each such set comprisinga 10 lower, work-receiving pressing member and a . sult. only inpressing engagement between said . stationary lower pressing member and its co co-operating upper pressing member, the four sets of pressing members being differently :operating upper presssing member. shaped for di?erent pressing operations, a mov able support on which the upper pressing mem bers of all four sets are rigidly mounted for movement therewith as a unit, the pressing faces of said upper pressing members lying in sub stantially the same horizontal plane, operating ; 2. In a pressing machine, two end sets of pressing. members and an intermediate set of pressing members, each such set comprising a :lower work-receiving pressing member and a 20. co=.operating upper pressing membenthethree sets axof :pressing members being di?erently ' means for said support to selectively move .sald ' shaped for different pressing operations, a mov upper pressing members into and out of press able support on which the upper pressing mem ~bersof all three sets are rigidly mounted for ing position, separate stationary supports for the movement therewith as a unit, the pressing faces of ‘said upper pressing members lying in sub lower pressing members of said end sets, a ver tically movable common support for the lower pressing members of said intermediate sets, and a single operating means for said last named means for said support to selectively move said ~support to'eselectively move its lower pressing upper pressing members into and out of pressing members to an operative position in which the ' stantially the same horizontal plane, operating » position, the lower pressing members of the end " work-receiving faces of said intermediate mem sets being stationary and having their work-re ;.-ceiving'rfaces lying .in' substantially .the same horizontal plane, the lower pressing member of :the intermediate set being vertically movable " between; an operative position, in which its ‘work-receiving face is at a level higher than "that of. the work-receiving faces of said end lower pressing members, and an inoperative po ~:sition,'>in‘ which its work-receiving vface is ata bers are at a level higher than that of the work receiving faces of said end lower pressing mem bers, ‘in which event movement of said upper pressing members to pressing position will re sult only in pressing engagement between the co-operating pressing members of said interme diate sets, or to an inoperative position in which the work-receiving faces of said intermediate lower pressing members are at a level lower than ' levellower than that of. the work-receiving faces -'that of said end lower pressing members, in $1140 of said end lower pressing members, and means forselectively moving said intermediate lower pressing member to its operative position, in "which event movement of said upper pressing .“members to pressing position will result only in which event movement of said upper pressing‘, members'to pressing position will result only in pressing engagement between the co-operating pressing members of said end sets. JOHN S; PATTERSON.