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Патент USA US2052739

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Sept. 1, 1936.
‘ A. w. BAILEY
2,052,739
BUILDING CONSTRUGTIO?
Filed Jan. 25, . 1934'
AL O/VZO W-BA/ZEV
attorneys
Patented Sept. 1, 1936
p
-
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,052,739
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Alonzo W. Bailey, Cleveland Heights, Ohio
Application January 25, 1934, Serial No. 108.215
11 Claims.
(01. 189-85)
'
This invention relates broadly to building materials and more speci?cally to improvements in
metal sheathing and the supporting structure
with similar contiguous members, by cutting or
shearing, of certain portions thereof, during in
stallation.
therefor.
Another object of the invention is to construct
a retention strip for metallic sheathing which is 5
formed to lie subjacent the surface of the sheath
ing when mounted thus providing’ 8' Channel f0!‘
the reception 01' Caulking materiel intermediate
the contiguous panel sections.
Other objects more or less ancillary of the 10
of this art the metallic sheathing heretofore employed has been formed of rectangular plates
foregoing and the manner in which all the Vari
ous objects are realized will appeal‘ in the follow
having ?anged marginal edges adapted for frictional engagement with anchor rails affixed upon‘
ing description, which, considered in connection
with» the accompanying drawing, Sets forth the‘
preferred embodiment of the invention
15
Referring to the drawing in which a preferred
embediment 0f the invention is illustrated
Figure 1 is e Perspective View, partially in Sec
tion, through a wall construction embodying me—
tallic sheathing and supporting members there- 20
for. In this ?gure several forms of application
are illustrated.
_
With the economic developments of sheet and
extruded aluminum stock, .stainles steel and
vitreous enameled products it has been found
feasible to employ such materials in building construction as a sheathing medium for both interior
10 andexterior wall surfaces. In the development
5
15 the frame of the building structure. In such constmction it has been found dif?cult during e'rection to maintain the assembly tolerances necessary to assure uniform securement of the panels
upon' the supports. In fact in many instances it
20 was found that the anchorage of the sheathing
was inadequate to withstand wind pressure in
certain portions of the construction, while in
other areas of the same construction the plates
had been distorted under the compressive effort
25 necessary to snap the ?anged edges of the plates
upon their keepers during assembly.
The improvements embodying the present invention contemplate certain re?nements in the
supporting structure and sheathing plates which
30 in addition to obviating the foregoing objections,
facilitates the production of more rigid structure,
an assembly of superior msthetic appearance
and an organization which will accommodate the
support of structural forms of building mate35 rials other than the aforesaid sheathing members.
Among the various objects of the invention the
present improvements comprehend a retention
strip which is formed to effect tensional strain
Figure 2 is a fragmentary view in perspective
of a portion of the sheathing supporting rail.
Figure 3 1S 2- VieW in perspective of & freg- 25
mentary portion of the retaining strip employed
in the securement of the metallic sheathing upon
the supporting rails.
Figure 4 is an elevational view of a fragmentary
portion of the supporting rail and a pair of similar ~30 v
rails positioned normal thereto and illustrating
the manner in which the flanges of the support
ing rails are sheared for the reception of the
corner portion of the plate.
Figure 5 is a sectional view, partially in per- 35
spective, illustrating a glass plate support, modi
?ed in form from that shown in Figure 1.
Figure 6 is a perspective view, partially in sec
tion, illustrating the supporting member of sheet
40 upon the ?anged portions of the sheet so that metal construction.
40
the panel will be drawn in intimate engagement
Figure 7 is a perspective .view, partially in see
with its support throughout the entire perimeter tion, of one of the panels of the sheathing. »
thereof.
'
Figure 8 is a perspective view, partially in
A further object of the invention is to provide
45 a supporting rail which is adapted to accommodate the retention of a glass plate or similar
panel without structural modi?cation of said rail
section, of another modi?ed form of glass plate
support.
45
As illustrated in Figures 1 and '7 the metallic
sheathing I0 comprises rectangular pressed metal
and which moreover is formed to accommodate . panels having marginal ?anges H, the edges
the support of a molding or retention strip for
50 the opposed face of the glass in the same manner
as that employed to secure the metallic sheathing.
7
Another object of the invention is to construct
a sheathing supporting rail which is adapted to
thereof being ?ared‘ outwardly at suitable angles
for engagement upon the faces of a channel or 50
groove l2 in the supporting rail l3. The rails
i 3 are adapted to be secured upon the vertical
or transverse frame members of a building struc
ture, as for instance, upon the angle iron or purlin
55 accommodate the ready assembly of such rail
strips l6 shown in Figure 1. Although the frame 55
' 2
Q
-
2,052,739
members shown herein are disposed in transverse
position it is to be understood that any of the
conventional forms of framing or an uninter
rupted wall surface will accommodate the sup
port of the sheathing supports or rails it.
The supporting rail is preferably formed of
extruded aluminum bars and comprises in detail
‘a pair of opposed ?anges i5, the upper faces
whereof are slightly inclined‘ inwardly in order
10 to compress the
glnal edges of paneled heat
insulating material it disposed between the
sheathing it and said faces of the ?anges i5;
Intermediate the ?anges it there is a pair of
ribs i1, theiree ends of the inner faces thereof
being formed with arcuate faces to accommodate
irregularities in the corners between the sheath
ing and the ?anged portions ii thereof. The
con?guration of the rail intermediate the ribs
5 ‘i which constitutes the groove 5 2 is formed with
20 converging faces disposed at suitable angles to re
ceive the outwardly ?ared edges of the sheathing
plates it. The outer faces of the ribs ill con
verge slightly toward the base of the strip and
‘are formed with grooves it throughout their
25 length which, as illustrated in Figures 1 and 5,
provide a chamber for the reception of putty or
caulking material within which the glass plate
is is set. The lower faces of the ?anges it are
formed with grooves or scores ‘2d disposed in
30 aligned relation with the outer walls of the ribs
ll provided to serve as guides in shearing or cut
ting portions of the ?anges it from the rails,
which, in assembly, would interfere with con
tiguous ?anges of appurtenant members. The
35 lower faces oi the rail E5 is recessed to accom
construction is illustrated in Figure 4, where, as
indicated, the ribs i ‘l of the transversely disposed
rail is notched to permit the entry of the corner‘
portions of the ?anges H oi’ the sheathing. In
assembly, in order to provide a more rigid struc
ture, the molding strip 2| is preferably positioned
within the grooves i2 of the abutting members
and extended through the notched portion of the
unbroken rail.
’
'
Inthe lower portion of Figure '1 an alternate
glass supporting medium is illustrated. In this
embodiment the molding 2i is adjusted so that
the ribs 25 will abut the glass '30 and the outer
edge of one of the ribs ll of the supporting rail
i3. Putty or other suitable caulking. material
may be applied coincident the application of the
molding strip and the strip may be anchored upon
the supporting rail by machine screws or other
suitable locking devices. Should it be desired
to provide a water shed or drip plate above the 20
glazed opening such member may be readily re
tained by forming the inner ?ange thereof to
conform to the angular face of the groove 82 in
the supporting rail and assembling the molding
to effectuate the'retention thereof in the same 25
manner as the sheathing. In structures having
large. glazed areas muntln strips til may be
employed which, ‘as illustrated in Figure 8, com
prise a ?anged base portion at with a. longitudinal
rib 62 extended upwardly therefrom. ‘The glass 30
33 may, in such construction, be set in putty and
retained by the moldingstrip 2i anchored by
machine screws threaded in the body of the
inuntins lit.
‘
ri‘he supporting strip it may be constructed 35
modate the reception of the various forms of
locking instrumentalities with the sheag or
from rolled or die formed sheet metal stock, such
clamping members.
the rail is formed from a single sheet of strip
'
The sheathing plates are retained within the
groove it of the supporting members by a mold
ing strip 26 which likewise is preferably formed
of extruded aluminum and embodies a cylindrical
body portion 22, having a concave upper face 23
and a ‘?attened base portion 2%. The molding is
also provided-with opposed ribs ‘25, which, as il
lustrated in Figures 1, 5 and 6, are arranged for
intimate engagement with the ?anges ii of the
sheathing plates and preferably adapted to lie
contiguous the break in the outwardly ?ared por
The molding 2i may be secured in
place by machine screws or with tapered screws
of the type capable of cutting its own thread when
driven into an opening of suitable diameter in
the aluminum supporting. rail 83. Clearance
55 holes for the retaining screws are provided in
the molding strips to facilitate transverse move
ment or ?oating adjustment of the strip upon ir
regular or deformed portions of the ?anges. The
molding is likewise capable of supporting a glass
50 tion thereof.
as illustrated in Figure 6. In this embodiment
stock, the ?anges 32 being folded with relatively
large radii at the corners thereof in order to pro‘
since the inclined upper: face upon the ?anges for
clamping the ?brous insulating material 96. The
inner ends 33 of the sheet metal may, if desired,
be welded to the base of the stock forming the
channel or groove i2, thus providing a more rigid
rail.
-
in the erection of a building structure in which
metallic sheathing of ‘this character is utilized
the supporting rails is are secured in vertical
and horizontal relation'upon the frame of the
building so that the grooves l2 vwill accommo
date vthe support of the vertical and horizontal
?anges ll of the sheathing. The ?brous insulat
ing material it is applied intermediate the ?anges
ii in the sheathing and the plates or panels id
then mounted upon the rails, the ?anges ll be 55
ing inserted within the grooves 62 of the rails.
The molding strip 2i is then secured in place
intermediate the panels and locked by machine
60 retention strip or frame 25 which may be formed ' ‘screws or other suitable clamping devices. As
either of pressed sheet metal stock (see Figure l) the ?nal step the grooves intermediate the sheath
or from extruded aluminum bars as shown in Fig
ure 5. In the latter embodiment it will be noted
that the inner ?ange 2‘? of the bar extends be
65 yond the contiguous ?ange 28 thereof, so that
- rails of uniform section may be manufactured
and by suitably shearing the edge of the ?ange
21 glass plates of various thickness may be ac
commodated.
70
,,\‘
.The corner constructi‘o
‘i
\isl formed by longitu
'dinally sawing the lowerh‘portion of the rail in
75
termediate the grooves i B and transversely shear
ing a sui?cient portion of the ?anges E5 to per
mit the remaining body of the rail to abut a rail
section which is disposed normal thereto. Such
45
.
ing sections and above the molding are ?lled with
caulking material of any of the well known types.
It will be noted that as the screws for retaining
the molding strips are drawn in place the arcuate 65
surfaces ‘22 of the molding will draw the outwardly
bent ?anges i i of the sheathing into intimate en
gagement with the angular surfaces of the grooves
l2, thus-providing a metal to metal contact be
tween the sheathing plates and the supporting
70
members. Moreover, the ribs 25 of the molding
strip, when drawn to seated position, will snugly
engage the ?anges ii and overcome any warped
or longitudinal irregularities therein which would
tend to hold such distorted portion of the ?ange
3
2,052,789
away from its seated engagement with the rail.
It will be noted .that the inwardly inclined faces
of the ?anges i5 and the ribs ll provide adequate
recess for the glass caulking material and that the
structure of the glass retaining frame 26 is sus
/ceptible oi suf?cient ?exure to accommodate ex
ing material for the support of a glass plate
copper or metal alloy plates may be employed or
ing panels having ?anges bent-downwardly at
panels made from sheathing plates upon which.
right, angles about its marginal edges, said ?anges
being bent outwardlyat angles adjacent the edges
thereof, grooved rails adapted to be secured upon
mounted upon said rail.
-
4.,A metal sheathing wall construction com
prising panels having bent marginal ?anges, sup
porting rails for said panels embodying longi- 5
tudinal ribs de?ning a groove for the reception of
pansion or retractive variance due to thermal one of the ?anges of each of a pair of adjacent
changes and thus avoid glass breakage.
panels, a molding strip within said groove adapted
The sheathing'plates i0 may be formed of Va; - to clamp said ?anges therein, the thickness of the
rious materials such as glass, non-ferrous metal, molding strip being proportioned in relation to 10
stainless steel or sheets having an iron base which the depth of the groove and thickness of the
are painted or coated with vitreous or porcelain ?anges held thereby so that the molding will be
enamel to withstand the weather; also for decora
subjacentthe- surface'oif the contiguous panels
tive work the sheathing thus provided lends itself thereby iorrning a channel for the reception of
15 readily to the application of design treatment be
caulking material. therein.
'
15
fore assembly, for instance, buffed or lacquered
5. A metallic sheathing construction compris
there has been painted or enameled single or com
20 posite designs which may be assembled to com
plete the architectural or decorative motif oi the
the walls of a building structure and disposed so
study.
that the ?anges of adjacent panels may be re
Although the foregoing description is neces-A ceived within said grooves, a molding strip with~
sarily of a detailed character, in order that the in,
vention may be completely set forth, it is to be
in said grooves adapted for engagement with the
outwardly bent portions of said ?anges, said 25
understood that the speci?c terminology is not in- , molding comprising a cylindrical body portion
tended to be restrictive or con?ning, and that va
rious rearrangements of parts and modi?cations
use
adapted for engagement with said outwardly bent
portions of said ?anges, longitudinal ribs on said
of structural detail may be resorted to‘ without ' molding adapted for engagement with the down
departing from the scope or spirit of the invention wardly bent portions oi said ?anges, means for 30
as herein claimed. j
securing said molding upon said rail and means
I claim:
.
l. A sheathing wall construction, comprising
rails mounted in substantially rectangular linea
including the, cylindrical body portion of said
molding and the ribs thereon for drawing the
?anged portions of the panels into seated posi
tion upon the frame of a building structure, ribs
in each of said rails de?ning grooves, metallic
35
tion within said groove.
6. A metal sheathing wall construction com
sheathing comprising rectangular panels having __ prising sheet metal panels formed with marginal
?anges upon the peripheral edges thereof adapted
for assembly ‘within the grooves of the respective
40 rails, the outer edges of said ?anges being bent
outwardly to form a shoulder, the surface of the
rail intermediate the ribs being con?gured for
the reception of the shouldered portions of the
?anges of adjacent panels, a molding strip within
45 said groove adapted to retain the shouldered por
tions of the respective ?anges and means for se
curing said molding strip in clamping engagement
upon the shoulders of said ?anges.
2. A metal sheathing wall construction, com
50 prising rails mounted in substantially rectangular
lineation upon the frame of a building structure,
ribs'in each of said rails de?ning grooves, metallic
sheathing comprising rectangular panels having
?anges upon the peripheral edges thereoi' adapted
.55 for assembly within the grooves of the respective
rails, the outer edges of said flanges being bent
?anges, the outer edges thereof being ?ared an
gularly outward, supporting members for said
panels comprising rails, longitudinal spaced ribs
40
on the face of said rails de?ning grooves, the
surface thereof being con?gured for the recep
tion of the angularly ?ared edges of the ?anges
of said panels, clamping members for said ?anges
comprising molding strips embodying cylindri- 4
cal body portions, opposed longitudinal ribs there
on, said ribs being adapted upon assembly for en
gagement with the ?anged portion of said panels,
the cylindrical portion of said molding being
adapted for engagement with the outwardly
?ared portion of said ?anges, means for securing
said molding to said rail, said means being adapt
ed to facilitate transverse movement of the mold
ingso that it may be ?oatingly adjusted upon the
surfaces within which it is engaged during as 55
sembly.
'
'
outwardly to form. a shoulder, the surface of the
rail intermediate the ribs being con?gured for
7. In a panelled sheathing structure embody
ing a plurality of panels having outwardly ?ared
the reception of the shouldered portions of the ?anges, a supporting rail comprising longitudinal
to ?anges of adjacent panels, a molding strip within ribs thereon de?ning grdoves for the reception of 60
said groove adapted to effect a line contact en
said ?anges, molding strips within said grooves
gagement with each of the ?anges and each of the , arranged to clampingly retain said ?anges within
shoulders 6f the ?anges assembled within the said grooves, screws for securing said molding to
groove in said rail and means for securing said
said supporting rail, ?anges in said rail forming
>
65 molding to said rails. .
the
base thereof, said ?anges being sheared to 65
3. A metal sheathing wall construction com
effect
a protruding end portion of said ribs adapt
prising panels having bent marginal ?anges, sup
ed to abut a notched portion of the ribs of a sec- '
porting .rails for said panels embodying longi
0nd rail disposed normal thereto thereby forming
tudinal ribs de?ning a. groove for the reception of
70 the respective ?anges of contiguous panels, a
molding strip within said groove adapted to clamp
said ?anges therein, the outer walls of said ?anges
converging inwardly and having a groove therein,
said groove and said inclined face of said ribs
75 constituting a chamber for the reception of caulk
corner supports for-the ?anges of a plurality of
said panels.
8; In a panelled sheathing structure embody
ing a plurality of plates having outwardly ?ared
?anges, a supporting rail comprising longitudinal
ribs thereon de?ning grooves for the reception
or said ?anges, molding strips within said grooves
4-
.
enemas
arranged to clampingly retain seid ?anges within
said grooves, longitudinal ribs upon said molding
adapted for engagement within the ilenges or? said
plates. and adapted for'engagement with the toce
of a. glass plate in forming a. glazed window struc
ture.
9. In a panelled sheathing structure emboiwn
ing s plurality of ploteshev'ing outwardly ?ared
?anges, e supporting rail comprising longitudi
nol ribs thereon de?ning ‘grooves for the reception
of said ?snges. molding strips within said grooves
shaped to clsmpinsly retnin said iionees within
said grooves, said ?anges being formed so that
the upper face of said ribs will engage the inner
tone of said plates during assembly end said
?anges will parallel the lower surface oi’ said
groove when positioned therein, the molding be
ing disposed in its assembled position to lie in
20
the groove below the plane of the outer face of
sold pistes, so that caulking materiel may be ap
plied in the groove over; the moulding and pro‘
vide s smooth unbroken surface.
i
10. A metal ‘sheathing wall construction oom~
prising grooved rolls adapted for securement
25 upon the frame of s building structure, sheet
t,
a, molding and retaining strip \disposed within _
each oi’ the roll grooves against the said out
turned ?anges of the panels and adapted when
mixed in intimate engagement therewith to lock
the panels to the rolls and also cause the insulat- 5 ,
ing material to be damned between the base
?anges oi the rails and the panels. the laterally
projecting bsse ?anges being formed with biting
edge portions which become embedded in said
?brous materiel end insure against displacement 10
thereof.
11. A motel sheething wall construction com
prising grooved reils adapted i'or securement
upon the frome of as building structure. sheet
metal panels halving out-turned ?anges upon the 15'
marginal eQes thereof adapted for reception
within the grooves in said rails, said rails each
having laterally projecting base ?anges whose
upper ioees lie in downwardly and inwardly in
clined planes, ?brous insulating material between 20
sold rails end lying %einst the inner feces of
said panels, and o molding and retaining strip
disposed within each oi’ the rail ‘grooves against
the said out-turned ?anges of the panels and ,
adopted when o?xed in intimate engagement25
metal sheathing panels hnving out-turned ?anges ‘therewith to cause the panels to be drawn into
on the marginal edges thereof adopted for recen ‘ engagement with the ?brous ‘insulating material
tion within the grooves "in seid rolls, said rails and the inclined feces oi the laterally projecting
each having laterally projecting base ?anges, hose ?anges of the rolls to be embedded in sai
30
?brous insulating materiel between seid mils and ?brous materiel.
lying against the inner faces of said panels, and
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