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Патент USA US2052959

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Sept. l, 1936.
{ J. s. BENNETT
2,052,959
HOPPER
yFiled Sept. 28, 1932 '
F135
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_ 2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Sept. l , 1936.
J. s. BENNETT
2,052,959
HOPÈER
Filed sépt, 28, 1932
[email protected]
- 2 sheets-sheet 2
Patented Sept. 1, 1936
_2,052,959
'UNIT-Eo'.Joseph
.STATES
s. Bennett', PATENT
,assigner 10 Asier- ferries'
ican Engineering Company, Philadelphiara.,
a corporation'of Pennsylvania
Application SeptemherzS, 1932, Serial No. `635,190
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V(o1. no4-rsi.)
This invention relates to, lioppers, end__more
particularly to hoppers ‘employed
:boiler 'fiur
naces having in lconjunction `therewith :troughs
into which the Water for quenching the `azslamay
drain. In hoppers io‘fçgthis 'character it frequently
happens :that considerable. refuse enters :the
trough from the llfiopper Kwith the watencansing
the outlet discharge .df the trough to fclog. When
this occurs Athe nwater hows Aover the *wallsof the
trough and spills onto ¿the :door therebeneath.
In -order lto receive lthe fwater :draining lfrom the
hopper land to Tconserve space, `the trough must
necessarily be _positioned in lclose proximity to the
hopper and-because _o'f this :it is lditiicult ’to re
move the refuse collected -therein. ;. =
._ ,
f
The _primaryfobject of the present invention.
therefore, is fto provide means whereby the trough
may bedumpe'd at intervals :so »that any .foreign
matter -collected ytherein will be discharged there
20
from.
.
"
_Y
,A more vspeciñc object of r .the> present invention
is <to provide novel mechanism tomdumping the
trough, which -functions independently of operat
-
:Other and `further"objects will become appar
ent 4as the :description of the invention progresses.
v
Ofthedrawings:
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t
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Fig. ~l is an end view fof :a .hopper-:showing ‘the
position of the'troughfwith respect thereto and
30 the operating mechanism for said trough.
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the hopper
and trough shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on
line 3-3 of Fig. 2, and
35
Fig. 4 is an end view of a modiñed trough con
struction and operating mechanism therefor.
The hopper I shown herein is of the general
type disclosed in United States application Serial
No. 282,776, filed June 4, 1928, and comprises side
40
walls 2 and 3, and end walls 4 and 5. Hopper I
may be secured to the walls of an ash pit so that
the ashes discharging from the furnace may enter
vthe same by gravity. The bottom opening of the
hopper is normally closedby a pair of swinging
45
gates 6 and 1, the side supporting members 8 and
9 of which are pivotally supported upon pins I8
and II secured to brackets I2 and I3 provided
on the end walls 4 and 5 respectively. The side
supporting members 8 and 9 are provided with
50 intermeshing segmental gear members I4 and I5.
The lower edge of each gate 6 is provided with a
tooth section I6 which meshes with a gear I1 se
cured to a shaft I8 extending lengthwise of the
hopper. Shaft I8 is suitably journalled in brack
ets I9 secured to and extending outwardly from
’
end Walls '4,and 5. l'I'he supporting .members 8
and :9 ¿for the fgates ~6 andY :l :are respectively pro
vided avi-th enlarged >openings 23 and ‘2 I, thus 4per
mitting swinging-movement of the gates. From
the construction -of the 'elements-just described,
5 .
itis seen that upon vactuation of shaft I 8, gears Il
will -simuiltaneottslyswingthe-gate members S and
’l in opposite ‘directions’ about pins I8 and I-I.A
A bridge `member 22'secured to v4end'walls '4 and
5 near the lower ledges thereofgsubstantiaßlly mid- l0 ‘
wayfbe'tween'side walls 2 and 3, .is provided to de
ñectuthe 'ash from a »trough 24 supported there
beneath 4when the gates `6 'and `-I are opened.
As
shown .in'Fig~ 3, the inner edges of gates Ai5 and l
are spaced apart forming a drain for 'the hopper. l5
Asl'stated, ttide-‘bridge 2.2 is'provided to deflect 'the
ash from(- gtncmgh 24 “and thus. prevent Idamage
thereto.- It is apparent., however; that the trough
may ‘be »constructed 'snñîiciently'> rugged Áas not to
'
ing mechanisms for the hopper gates. ` -
"
be damaged by failing ash, and in such construc 20
tions the bridge 22 may beeliminated. 'Trough
24 has »securedto the 'end-s thereof pins 25 and 25,
respectively, which .extend through apertures pro
vided in brackets E21? and 28, secured, respectively,
to end walls 4‘and'5. 'Secured to pin 25 is a 'gear
Sßvvhich ¿meshes with a segmental gear 3| rotat
ably mounted îupon4 sapin î'32 secured to A¿bracket
21.
The outer end of an arm 33 integral v/i't‘h seg
mental rgear 3i is pivotal-ly attached ’to fone end of '
a link 34. The other end of said link is pivotally '
attached to the upper end of an arm 35 rotatably
mounted upon a pin 36 secured to end wall 4, as
shown in Fig. l. Depending from pin 35 and se
cured to arm 35 is a hand operated lever 31. A
plate 38 is also secured to end wall 4 and is pro- ‘
vided with two or more radial slots 39 and 4D re
spectively. A hand operated det/ent 4I is slidably
mounted in suitable guides 42 provided on lever 31
and a spring 43 normally urges said detent 4I into
slot 39 provided in plate 38. A link 44 is pivotally
attached to detent 4I and lever 31 near the lower
ends thereof. It therefore is seen that by draw
ing the lower end of detent 4I toward lever 31
link 44 will be rocked downwardly, thus causing
detent 4I to move out of engagement with slot 39. 45
From the construction of the elements just de
scribed, it is seen that in order to tilt trough 24,
the operator simply grasps the lower end of lever
31 and detent 4I, whereby detent 4I will imme
diately be released from locking engagement with 50
plate 38, and then swings said lever in a counter
clockwise direction. This movement is imme
diately imparted to trough 24 through link 34, and
gears 3i and 30, causing said trough to swing
about its pivot. When the lever 31 has been
2,052,959
nating in a discharge opening, closure means nor
mally closing said opening, said closure means'
swung so that detent 4I registers with slot 40 in
Vplate 38, trough 24 will have been swung through
an angle of substantially 180 degrees, and any
foreign matter collected therein will be dis
charged. By releasing the grip on detent 4|
spring 43 will urge said detent into locking er1-v
having a drain provid-ed therein, a trough'dis
posed beneath said drain and pivotally supported
on said closure means, and linkage pivotally con'
necting said trough to one of the walls of said
hopper, whereby movement of said closure means Y
gagement with plate 3B and the trough will thus
tov open position >causes tilting of said trough, and
movement of Asaid closure means toward Yclosed
remainin voperated position.V Trough 24 is pro
vided with a discharge opening 45Y whichïcom
positionrestores said trough to normal'position. 10
municates with a spout 46, secured to a bracket
communicates
41 which is supported
with
with the
a drain
upon
mainpipe
drain
a pin
48 of
which
26.theSpoutßiì,
plant.>
in
. 5
n, 2. A hopper having side and end walls termi
‘ 'hating in av discharge opening, closure means
'_ normally closing said opening, said closure means
In Fig. 4, I have vshown a modified formwof having a drain provided therein, a trough dis
posedv beneath said’drain, means for pivotally
trough
5B is pivotally
mechanism.
supported
In thisïconstruction
in brackets 5I _asecured
trough .. supporting said Vtrough on said closure means,
to gate 6 of the hopper. An arm 52 integral with and means connecting said trough to a iixed
trough 50 has pivotally attached` to `the outer A l support whereby movement of said closure means
toward open position causes tilting of said trough
end thereof a link 53, the upper end o'fvvhich>v^vv
is pivotally secured to a block 54. Block 54 isv " to discharge any material collected therein, and
adjustable between'guides .55, secured to end wall movement of said closure means toward closed
4 of the hopper, so that’ when the apparatus is position >restores Asaid trough to >normal position,
assembled, block 54 may be'adjusted to Vproperly and means for moving said closure’means to open
position trough 50.- Block 54 is then secured Yin
this position by any 4suitable means.
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and
. 3. closedfposition.
A hopper :having
u «
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The operation of this construction is thought
to be obvious.. When gates 6 and 'I are swung' to
open-position the trough 50 is carried by gate 6
and automatically tilted Vby virtue of the'link
connection 53.
unnecessary.
position causes-.tilting of said trough to discharge
any .i materiaVcollected therein, Vand movement
.
For the purpose of illustration the'trough con
structions herein described are shown as em
ployed with hoppers having a pair of swinging
gates.
40
It is obvious, however, Y that they are
-equally applicable to. hoppers wherein a pair of
sliding gates are employed to close the discharge
opening, or to hoppers wherein a single swinging
or sliding gate is employed. It therefore is to be
understood that'it is not‘intended to lconfine the
invention to the embodiments herein shown since
it Vmay be embodied in other forms all`coming
within .the scope of theclaims which follow.
What is claimed is:
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" 1. A hopper, havingside and end walls termi
a
gates, means connecting -said troughftoarñxed
support, whereby movement. of saidïgates toopen
The trough is thus swung out of
the path of the ash gravitating from the hopper
and at the same time is tilted so that any refuse
collected therein is discharged. . In this construc-A
tion the provision of a bridge in‘ the hopper. is
'
a
' discharge
`
I
' f opening,
ï ì »
pair of gates normallyV closing said. opening, said
gateshaving a drain disposed along the abutting
edges thereof, ar trough disposed beneath' said
drain and pivotally supported upon one rof'said
1
of said vgates'toward closed position restores said
trough to normal position, andmeans for oper
ating said gates to? open and closed position.
Y
4. A hopper’ having a discharge opening, clo
surevmeans normally closing said opening, said
closure'means -having a drain'ïprovided therein,
a trough disposed beneath said drain and pivot 40
ally supported on said closure means, anarm
secured -to and " extending outwardly of saidV
trough; and af'link connectin‘g'said arm to a ñxed
support, whereby movement of said closure means
to openposition'causes tilting of said trough to
discharge any' material :collected therein, and
movement `of vsaid closure means' toward closed
positíon‘res'tor'es said trough to normal position.
L .Y
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rvrJOSEPH S. BENNETT.
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