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Патент USA US2053717

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SePt- 8, 1935-
2,053,717
1.. c, HUCK ET AL
RIVET'SE'VI‘TING MACHINE
Original Filed May 2, 1932’
2 Sheets-Sheet l
louz's
INVENTO 5‘
c H 5‘,
B56140)? )7. Miller:
M 1%
' Sept. 8,
L, c, HUCK E1: AL
RIVET SETTING MACHINE
Original
7/6 7/
May 2,
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
//
l
7,60.
INVENT R5
Zozn's C,
00?,
Piatented Sept. _8, 1936'
2,053,717
0
UNITED STATES
PATENT omen
2,053,717
RIVET, SETTING’ MACHINE
Louis C.-Huck, Grosse Pointe Village, and Ralph
A. Miller, Detroit, Mich., assignors, by direct
and mesne assignments, to Huxon Holding
Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of
Michigan
Application May’2, 1932, Serial No. 608,682
Renewed June 15, 1936
27 Claims. (Cl. 218-19)
The invention relates to rivet setting machines
or machines for applying rivets to structural ele
means upon insertion of the‘ next rivet, and. in
this manner automatically removed; to provide
ments for securing them together.
an improved machine for setting rivets in which
Particularly, the invention constitutes an im
provement over that embodied in our co-pending
the male member is ?nally broken, in which mov-
application for patent, Serial No. 560,289, ?led
August 31, 1931, which relates to a machine of the
coil after the male member is broken; to provide
an improved machine for applying rivets of the
v
ing parts are e?iciently cushioned against the re~
5
general type designated ‘above. Such machines.‘ aforesaid character which is readily adaptable
are adapted to set rivets of the general type shown
10 and described in the co-pending application for
patent, for example, of Louis C. Huck, Serial No.
545,004, ?led June 17, 1931. The rivet may com
prise a female member havinga tubular body por
i
is
for the application of rivets of different sizes and _
dimensions; to provide a machine of light con- 10
struction which may be manually manipulated
easily, to thereby facilitate the application of
rivets and in general to permit an operator to
tion and preferably a rivet head at one end there
set rivets rapidly; to provide a machine for setting _ _
of, which cooperates with a male member extend
rivets which is so constructed that powerful rivet 1‘)
ing longitudinally therethrough and which has a
setting forces may be applied, without requiring
head at one end engaging the opposite end of the
a bulky, heavy and unwieldy mechanism and one
female member. a The rivet as thus assembled is
that would interfere with the use thereofin varl- >
inserted through openings in a plurality of struc
20 tural elements to be connected thereby‘until the
head on the female member engages the side of
- the structure adjacent thereto. The shank of the
male member projects outwardly from the rivet
head of the female member and 'by pulling it
through the female member in the direction out
ous structural locations; and in general to provide
a rivet setting machine for applying rivets of the 20
aforesaid character, which is extremely e?icyient
in operation, simple ~ in construction, light in
weight, more universal in application, and which
may be manufactured'inexpensively.
_
Other objects of the invention will be apparent 25
from the following description, the drawings re
wardly from the head of the latter, and applying
the reactionary force of such operation to the lating thereto, and the claims hereinafter set ‘
latter head, the bodyv portion of the female mem-v
ber may be formed with a head at the opposite.
For a. better understanding _of the invention 1
‘
'30 side of the structure.reference may be had to the accompanying draw- 30
The principal objects of the present invention ings, forming a part of the speci?cation, wherein:
forth.
are to provide improvements in a machine for
.
'
”
applying rivets of the aforesaid character, which
Figure 1 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view
of a rivet setting machine constructed according
is capable of a more universal use, particularly for
to one form of the invention;
- setting rivets in less accessible locations such as
in corners, recesses and the like; to provide a ma
chine of, improved nature which is constructed
of parts so related and adjustable, that an opera
tor of the machine may control the rivet setting
40
'
operation more satisfactorily, particularly in
I structural openings where'it would otherwise be
di?icult to operate a rivet setting machine; to pro
vide an improved rivetsetting machine for apply
ing rivets 'of the above mentioned character which
is particularly adapted to grip and pull the male
member through the female member and thereby
form a head at one end of the latter, and then
to continue the pull on the male member until the
tension thereon breaks such male member ap
proximately at the point it emerges from the fe
male member at- that side of the structure being
- riveted, adjacent the machine; to provide-an im
proved machine .for accomplishing the last men> tioned result which so operates that, the broken.
male member is moved on through the gripping
I
'
.
Fig. 2 is a plan view of the machine shown by 35
Fig. 1, with certain parts shown inv cross section
for the purpose of illustrating certain details more
clearly;
_
'
-
I
Fig. 3 is across-sectional view on a larger scale,
taken, substantially’ along the line 3-4‘ of Fig. 1, 40
and illustrating certain details of the connection
between the piston rod and an operating arm;
4
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view'on a larger scale, >
taken substantially along‘line H of Fig. 1, illus- 45
trating details ofa ?uid controlling valve em
ployed in the machine;
'
Fig. 5,,is a right end view of the machine as
shown by Figs. 1 and 2;
'
<
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary and longitudinal cross- 50
sectional view on a larger scale‘, illustrating more
particularly the" rivet setting jaws and parts vfor
manipulating them;
-
Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view on a larger scale,
taken. substantially along the line 'l---'! of Fig. 6;
s5 '_
spasm-z
Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view on a larger scale,
taken substantially along the line 8-5 of Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view on a larger scale,
taken‘ substantially along the line 5-5'of Fig. 6;
Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view on a larger scale
taken substantially along line Ill-Ill of Fig. 6;
'
Fig. 11 illustrates in cross section the manner in
which a rivet of the general type described is ?rst
applied to the structural elements prior to employ10 ing the rivet setting machine, and
Fig. 12 illustrates an extension riveting anvil
which may be used if a rivet is to be set in a rela-
tively deep, narrow opening.
Fig. 13 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a
15 spiral or an annular thread and groove arrange
centrally of the cylinder head and open to the
atmosphere. The valve stem also projects slidably
directed peripheral ?anges l3 and I4 at opposite
ends, seated in annular recesses i5 and i5 in'the
heads respectively. Such heads and the wall I2
are secured together by bolts il passing through
25 marginal portions of the heads, and longitudinally
45
reciprocatory movement, and slidably projects
through an opening 49 into a space 50 located
-
heads i0 and II are provided which support be
40
41, the passageways 44 and .45 being located in
the upper half of the cylinder head, and passage
ways 45 and 41 in the lower half. In each pas
sageway a valve stem 48 is mounted for vertical
member.
20 tween them a cylinder wall l2 having outwardly
35
space interiorly of the handle 2| by means of a
recess 4|, so that ?uid under-pressure will enter
the handle, and the opposite end of the casting is
open at its point of connection with the cylin
der head I 0. The valve arrangement for con
trolling the ?ow of the ?uid is located on the
outerside of the cylinder head I 0 as shown by
, Figs. 1 and 4, and as shown best by Fig. 4, such
arrangement includes passageways 44, 45, 46 and
ment that may be used on the jaws and male rivet
Referring to Figs. 1 and 2, spaced cylinder
30
space in the casting l3 communicates with the
over the outer surface of the cylinder wall. With
in the cylinder, a piston I5 is provided which has
its central portion apertured to receive a piston
rod i8, and this rod has a shoulder 20 at one
side of the piston for holding the latter in place,
and at the opposite side of the piston, a lock nut
2| threaded thereon to hold the piston against
the shoulder. For holding the lock nut in posi
tion against loosening, a wire or the like 22 may
extend partially around the periphery of the nut
in a groove therein, and then project radially
through an opening in the nut and partially into
an opening (not shown) in the rod. At the left
side of the piston, as seen in Fig. 1, a. pin 23 is
provided which is threaded into the end of the rod
as shown at 24, and this pin is reciprocatory in
a bearing sleeve 25 disposed in an opening cen
trally formed in the cylinder head ill. The op
posite end of the piston rod slidably projects
through an opening in the cylinder head ii and
this opening extends entirely through the head,
in contrast to the opening in the head I. having
the sleeve 25. A stu?ing box 35 is threaded into
the head ll around the rod I! to prevent the
50 escape of ?uid under pressure in the cylinder
along the piston rod to the outer side of the
head. The slidable mounting of the piston rod
in- the heads iii and il assists in locating and
guiding the movement of the piston, and both
55 supports are desirable particularly when the pis
ton is provided with cup washers 25 and 21 bolted
to the outer margin of the piston as indicated at
2l'.aswearonsuchwashersisreducedtoa
minimum.
The head I! also serves as a support for ahan
dle 3! which is secured thereto at its upper end
by means of .bolts 52 as shown by Fig. 2, and at
its opposite end to one end of a casting 52 by‘
means of bolts 54. This casting at its opposite
' end is secured by bolts 25 to the lower side of the
cylinder head ll. It will be noted that the handle
member 3| is provided with hand and ?nger abut
ments I1 and I5 and in general is shaped to facili
tate manual gripping of the machine.
For supplying ?uid under pressure to the cyl
70
60
inder, to- reciprocate the piston therein, the han
dle 3| and the casting 53 are of hollow construc
tion and- a ?uid pressure supply line 45 is con
nected to the casting 33 to supply ?uid under
75'. pressure to both the handle and casting. _The
through a valve seat 5i secured in the passage
way, and on theother side of the valve seat, the 20
stem slidably passes through a valve disc 52 hav
ing a sharp marginal edge 53 on its face adjacent
the seat adapted to engage a sealing ring 54 lo
cated in a groove in the seat. For lifting the valve
disc 52, it being slidably mounted onthe valve 26
stem, the latter is provided with a shoulder 54',
and on the other side of the disc the stem is pro
vided with a second valve disc 55 rigidly mounted
thereon as by threading. The latter disc simi
larly to the disc 52, has a marginal sharp edge 30
56 on its face for engaging a sealing ring 51
located in a groove in the upper face of the disc
52.
The disc 52 has one or more openings 51’
along the valve stem so that ?uid under pressure
in the space in the passageway at the disc side 35
of the seat may meter through the disc along the
stem when the disc 55 is raised thereabove. When
the disc 52 is raised, the ?uid may also ?ow
through larger openings 59 in the seat 5| into the
passageway below the seat. Normally the stem 40
is urged into the valve closing position by means
of a helical spring 50 encircling the stem and
engaging at one end the valve seat 5| and at its
other end a collar 5| rigidly mounted on the stem.
When the stem 45 is in a valve closed position, 45
it is apparent that the stem will be held down
wardly' by means’ of the spring 65, and thatthe
discs 52 and 55 will entirely close the valve. When
the stem is moved into the valve lifting position,
the disc 55 will initially be raised, and this will 50
permit a small ?ow of ?uid under pressure
through the disc 52, and- openings 51", then
through seat 5!, and this is desirable because’ the
pressure of the ?uid on both sides of the valve
may then be somewhat neutralized, and this re 55
sult may be obtained more easily by lifting the
small valve disc 55 instead of the larger valve
disc 52'. After the pressure is somewhat neutral
ized, it is not di?lcult to raise the disc 52 to allow
the ?uid to ?ow more rapidly through the valve 60
seat. For the purpose of illustrating the func
tion of the four valves involved, the valve in
passageway 44 is indicated at 65, that in pas
sageway 45 at 56, that in passageway 45 at 61 65
and that in passageway 41 at 55.
Still referring to Fig. 4, the casting 33 has an
offset passageway ‘I0 communicating directly with
the passageway 45 in_ the valve arrangement at
the valve disc side of the valve seat, and since
the casting is in direct communication with the
?uid pressure supply line 40,, the passageway 45
will always have ?uid under pressure therein at
this side of the valve. 4 As shown best by Figs. 1
and 2, the passageway within the handle 2! com 75
spasm?
-
‘
3
municates with a smaller passageway 1| in the 6! and I! normally will be open, and the valves
handle casting and the latter in turn communi-. ' 81 and 68 will normally, be maintained in their
>
.
cafes with a passageway 12 extending into the closed positions.
upper part of the cylinder head l0, and then com-_ _, Now when the trigger 93 is pulled slightly, it is
5 municatlng with the passageway 45 in the valve apparent that the first thing that will‘happen
is that the smaller valve disc 55 on valves 01 and
arrangement, above the seat therein. There
fore, it will be apparent that the vertically aligned 68. will ‘initially open to allow neutralization of
passageways l5 and 46 above and below the valve pressure on both sides of thev valve, and this in
turn will facilitate opening the valve discs 52 on
‘ seats therein respectively are in direct communi
li) cation with the ?uid pressure line 40. Referring such valves, to fully open the valves in the man-'
' now to Figs. 2 and 4, the passageway 45 below the ner desired. As valves 61 and 68 open. it is of
valve seat 5| communicates with a laterallyv ex ‘course apparent that valves 65 and‘ 68 willv close
and that when one set of valves is fully open, the
tending aperture 14, and the latter in turn com
municates with an upwardly extending passage-1 other set will be fullyyclosed. 'When valves 65
15 way 15 in the cylinder head at one sidevof the and-68 are closed, the left side of the cylinder is
passageway 45, and such passageway-15 at its closed to the exhaust passageway 81 through
valve 65, and ?uid under pressure to the right
upper extremity communicates with a passage
way 16 formed in a casting 11‘ secured by bolts end of the cylinder is shut oil’, since the closing
18 and 19 at opposite ends to the cylinder heads of valve 66 cuts oil communication between the
20 Ill and II respectively.v This casting has a lon~' passageway in the handle 3| to the passageway,
15. As valve 61 opens, ?uid under pressure ?ows
gitudlnally extending rib type passageway 80 ex
through the casting 33 through the passageway
tending to the cylinder head H, and such pas
sageway then communicates with a passageway
8| extending downwardly-through the head ll
25 and then laterally through thehead as indicated
at 82 in Fig. 1, where it communicates with the
interior of the cylinder at'the right side of the
piston. Accordingly, when valve 68 is open, ?uid
under pressure will ?ow into the right end of the
30 cylinder. As seen in Figs. 1 and 4, the passage
way 46 communicates with an opening, 83 ex
tending directly through the cylinder head 10 and
communicating with the interior of the cylinder
.at the left side of the piston, such opening 83
35 being at the spring side of the valve seat‘in thev
passageway. Accordingly, when valve 61 is open
?uid under pressure will ?ow to the left side of
the cylinder. As shown by Fig. 4, the passage
way’“ above the valve seat communicates with
40 an opening 85 extending laterally through the
cylinder head in and communicating directly
with the interior of the cylinder, whereas below
the valve seat, the passageway communicates
with'a laterally extending opening 86 in turn
45 communicating with an exhaust passageway 81
extending downwardly through the cylinder head
and finally opening to the atmosphere through
an opening in the casting 33. The passageway
41 at the spring side of the valve seat communi
50 cates with a laterally extending
geway 88
ii~
10
15
a
90
I
46, through the valve therein, through the pas
sageway 83 and into the left side of the cylinder,
while the opening of valve ;68 permits the right 25
end of the cylinder to exhaust through the pas
sageways 92, 9|, 90, 89, the valve 68, and into
the exhaust passageway 81. The piston then
will move to the right.
Upon release 01' the _
trigger-93, the valves 61 and 68 will close,land 30
valves“ and 86 will open. It then will be ap-_'
parent‘ that fluid under pressure will communi
cate with the right end of the cylinder, and fluid‘ ’
will be allowed to exhaust from the left end of
the cylinder into ‘the exhaust passageiivayv l1, 35.
thus moving the piston ‘to the left.
.
It will be noted in Fig. 1 that one of the bolts
21' at the margin of the-piston has an extension,
indicated at 94', which is substantially aligned
with the exhaust opening 82 in head II, This 40
pinis adapted tomove into the opening ,92 when
,
the piston approaches head II, and serves as‘a
metering element to reduce the e?ectivejsiae of
the exhaust passageway gradually and hence to
-
prevent rapid exhaust ofn?uid at the right side 45
of the cylinder when the piston is moving near
to and toward such head. , In‘ this wayv a ?uid
cushion is provided to cushion the piston. and the
primary purpose thereof will be presently de
scribed.
50 I
also in communication with exhaust passageway - ' vFor the purposes of setting rivets with the ap
81 whereas on the other side of- the valve seat
the passageway communicates with an'opening 89
in turn communicating with a v
eway ll
55 extending upwardly and to a longitudinally-ex
‘ tending passageway 9| extending parallel to the
passageway ill in the casting 11. Such passage
paratus described, that end of the piston rod is
projecting beyond the cylinder head _i I, has as
best shown by Fig. 3, a slot indicated at-IOII and
at opposite ends of this slot, bearing elements 55
I0! and ")2. Each of such elements preferably
has ribs I03 at opposite
v of the slot to retain
the elements in position. It will be appreciated
that either element may be inserted by placing
60 g‘lassalgeway 92’ through the head H, as seen in - it longitudinally in the slot. with the ribs I03 00
way II also communicates with the right end of:
the cylinder through a downwardly extending
above and below the slot. and then turning the
element‘untii the ribs are disposed transversely
For operating the valve, a trigger Q3 is pro
of the slot, when the elements may be moved into
vided, as seen in Fig. 1, which is pivoted as in
tdicated at “to lugs. 95 on the handle 3!, and ' the and ‘positions. The recess thus provided in
65 such trigger is normally maintainedin its lower
most position by means of a spring pressed pin
the end of the piston rod receives one end of an as
arm ill! pivoted as indicated atr It)! to offset.
Q6 having a spring 91 therein engaging the base bracket members I“ integral'with the cylinder
of a recess in the handle casting, in which the' head ll. 'rhatpartof the arm in the} slot inthe
pin is slidably mounted. Such trigger adjacent 'end of the piston rod, preferably has rounded
sides as indicated at I01 toifacilita'te movement‘ 70
70; the handle has a bar 98 fastened in a slot there-'
in which extends into the passageway 5. shown
by Fig. 4, and between the ends‘ of the valve stems
of‘ the arm about its pivotjupon reciproeatery
- , projecting into such passageway as shown in bro- -
movement of the ‘piston-and- piston rod; _
' 'lr'he‘opposite enact the arm I“ projects. up- .
ken lines. Since the trigger l8 normally will be
75; maintained in its lowermost position, the valves
w'ardly through an aperture ‘Ill into a cylindrical
barrel m which isseeured as indicated at m 1‘
7
4
aosavw
to the upper side of the cylinder head II. It is
to be, noted that the length of the arm portion
above the pivot III! is much less than the length of
the arm portion below the pivot, and consequent
ly a greater force may be exerted by the upper
end of the arm, with a smaller force acting on
the lower end of the arm, because of the mechani
cal leverage obtained. Around the arm and the
end of the piston rod projecting from the cylinder
10 head II, a. housing II II’ may be provided, which
is secured to the cylinder head by means of bolts
III as shown by Fig. 2. This housing at its upper
side has an opening for the arm I“ and the inner
portion of the barrel III and similarly has an
other opening in its lower wall for enabling ad
I justment of the stuffing box 30 and the avoidance
of dirt collecting within the housing.
Nowsreferring to Fig. 6, it will be observed that
the upper end of the arm I04 has a rounded por
20 tion II3 which is disposed in an aperture H4
formed in a reciprocaiory member I I5 in the bar
rel I09. At either end of the opening I ii, a bear
ing element I I6 isprovided which is secured in
place by means of screws II'I threaded into the
member IIS, and these elements form bearing
seats for the rounded portion I I3 of the arm I".
It will be observed that the bottom side of the ap~
erture II‘ has diverging side walls as indicated
at ill to permit rocking movement of the arm
with respect to the member I IS without interfer
ence. \Adjacent the aperture Ill, the outer sur
face of the member II! is threaded to receive a
sleeve Ill, and this sleeve is adjustably locked in
position by means of a lock nut I II. The outer
35
end of the sleeve III, as best shown by Fig. 8. has
an opening de?ned by three circurnferentlally
spaced cylindrical surface sockets I22, I23 and I24
whose axes converge toward the outer end of the
sleeve.
40
Fig. 10 also shows the sockets I22, I23 and I“
but on a section farther from the right end of the
sleeve. It will be observed from Figs. 8 and 10,
that each of such sockets beginning from the
right end of the sleeve is less than semi-cylindri
cal. and that the arc of the surface becomes larger
gradually until at the section shown by Fig. 10
the socket is substantially greater than semi
cylindrical.
60
65
70
.75
this connection that preferably the gripping sur
face of each jaw is provided with grooves or
threads as indicated at I26, and such threads or
grooves may be like that shown in Fig. 13, in which
one sideis radial, the base substantially axial, and
the other side axially tapered inwardly toward
the axis, in a direction away from the outer end
of the jaws. For holding‘ the jaws toward the
outer end of the sleeve, a three legged stool-like
element indicated at I21 is provided, which is 10
reciprocatory in the sleeve, and which has legs
I21’ projecting into the respective sockets in the
end of the sleeve, and into contact with the re
spective jaws. The stool-like element is urged
against the jaws, by a spring I28 engaging the end 15
of the element, and encircling a reduced cylindri
cal portion I29 on the end of the member I I5, and
abutting a shoulder thereon.
The outer end of the barrel I09 is provided with
an anvil plate I3I which is held in position by 20
swaging or spinning over a marginal ?ange on the
end of the barrel indicated at I32. The rivet to
be set generally may comprise a tubular female
member indicated at I35 in Fig. 10 having a head
I 36 for engaging the outer side of a structure I31 25
being riveted. The inner end of the female mem
ber is engaged by a head I38 ch a male shank I39
projecting through the female member and be
yond the head I36 to provide a gripping portion
I 40. This latter portion preferably has grooves 30
or threads I40’ for coa'ction with the grooves or
threads I26 on the jaws, which have radial sides
engaging the radial sides of the latter threads.
The tapered parts of the threads on the jaws of
course facilitate entry of the male rivet member
between them. In order to facilitate initial entry
of the male member between the jaws, the end
of such member may be beveled or the jaws may
be countersunk. The anvil plate I3! has an open
ing “I for receiving the projecting end of the 40
male member, and such projecting end is adapted
to be positioned between the jaws and to be
gripped thereby when the rivet is set. The anvil
also has a conical recess I42 for engaging the head
I36 on the female rivet member. In setting the
rivet, it may be inserted as shown by Fig. 6, and
then the machine and rivet-may be moved into
such positions that the rivet projects through the
openings in the structure I 31 as shown by Fig. 10.
Then by so operating the machine, that the mem
ber I I! is moved to the left in the barrel I", the
jaws will grip the male member and pull it, and
the reactionary force to the pull naturally will be
imparted through the anvil III against the head
Each of such sockets receives a jaw I25 having
its outer surface cylindrical to fit the socket in
which it is disposed, and the inner surface of this
jaw as best shown by Fig. 6, while curved, has its
axes of curvature substantially parallel to the axis
of the sleeve. In other words, each jaw has an I" on the rivet. It follows that the male member 55
inner, substantially cylindrical surface gripping ' will
be moved throughthe female member, and
portion having an axis of curvature substantially that the head I 38 compressing the female mem
parallel to the length of the sleeve and an outer ber inwardly of the structure, will cause a head to
cylindrical surface portion, the axis of curvature be bulbed against the inner side of the structure.
of which is directed at an angle to the axis of the Preferably the inner face of the anvil III has a
sleeve. The outer cylindrical surface of the jaw central boss I45 which may serve as a stop for the
also increases in arc size as shown by Figs. 8 and jaws, when the sleeve I20 is in its right end posi
10, so that each jaw within the ordinary relative tion in the barrel m, if the jaws have not already
movement of jaw and socket that will occur, will contacted with each other. Ordinarily the jaws
be dove-tailed in the sleeve by the encaslng of are in such contracted condition, however, that
its greaterthan semi-cylindrical portion by. the whether they engage each other or the boss Ill,
greater than semi-cylindrical portions of the they will be separated and hence moved back ac
socket. It will therefore be apparent that when cordingly in their sockets upon inserting the male
any and all jaws are moved in their respective rivet member between them. This insertion is of
sockets, their outer surfaces will remain in con
course facilitated by the beveled end of the rivet 70
tact with the cylindrical surface in the sockets member or by counter-sinking the opening be
while the gripping portions thereof will be main
tween the jaws. The separation of the jaws upon
tained substantially in parallelism although nat
inserting the male rivet member insures gripping
urally they will contract or expand with respect thereof, by action of the spring III, and ordinari
to the axes of the sleeve. It might be added in ly it will be very di?ic'ult to retract the rivet mem 75
2,053,717
5 .
her after it is once inserted, particularly where the attachment anvil into a position for engage
threads or grooves are provided on the jaws and. ment with the jaws,'and it may be necessary to
elongate openings in-the sleeve I20 and member
member.
When a rivet is set, it is only necessary to pull II5 to allow the broken rivet element to be eject
'
‘ l
the trigger 93, which will cause the piston to ed after‘ setting the rivet.
The rivet setting machine described and illus
. moveto the right in the cylinder, and this in turn
will cause the arm I04 to pivot about its pivot
I05 and the arm to move the reciprocatory mem
ber I I5 and the sleeve I20 attached thereto, to the
10 leftin the barrel I09. When the rivet is inserted
between the, jaws, they may be movedv apart
. slightly, and after the rivet is inserted,'the spring
I28 will cause the jaws to have. a gripping action
on the rivet. Then upon movement of the mem
15 ber H5 and sleeve I20 to the left, it is apparent
that the cylindrical surfaces in the inner end of
the sleeve I20, will cause the jaws to move in
wardly to contract about and grip the male rivet
trated, is extremely compact, preferably composed
of very light material, such as aluminum or alu
minum alloys and is so constructed that its use
is practically universal. It is apparent that a 10
highly e?icient arrangement has been provided
to obtain a great rivet setting force without ne
cessitating the use of a large piston, or undesirably
large ?uid press'ureal It is apparent also that an
arrangement has been provided by means of
whichv the male rivet member will be gripped
positively and uniformly in all cases and that this
will occur even though the male member varies in
size within a considerable range. The adjustable
member positively, the spring I28 facilitating ob
20 taining this grip. Owing to the fact that the mounting of the sleeve I20 on the member I I5 20
gripping surfaces of the jaws will be substantially ‘permits adjustment of the sleeve with respect to
the anvil I3 I , and is desirable to obtain maximum
parallel to the male member throughout any grip
ping movement of the jaws, full length contact efficiency and to accommodate various dimensions.
of the jaws with the male member and hence a
Although only one form of the invention has 25
more positive grip thereof, may be obtained.
' Upon continued movement of the member H5, been described and illustrated in detail, it will be
‘it is apparent that the rivet will be set in the apparent to those skilled in the art that various
manner previously described. After the‘ bulb vmodi?cations may be made withoutdeparting
of rivets. /
head is formed at the inner side of the structure
30’ to be riveted, continued movement of the mem
ber I I5, and-hence pulling of the male member
will break it substantially at the groove or neck
I50, (Fig. 10) which at this time preferably will
be disposed substantially at the outer surface of
35
the head I36 on the female member. When such
break occurs,.the recoil of'the jaws and stool will
effectively be cushioned by the spring I28, and
the slowly exhausting ?uid inthe right end of the
cylinder will cushion the other moving parts of
40 the machine. When the male member is thus
>
,
_
.,
,
from the scope of the appended claims. .
We claim:
30
"
1. A mechanism for applying to a structure a
rivet including a female member and a male mem
ber extending through the female member for
forming a head on the latter on one side of the
structure, which comprises a member adaptedto
engage the end of the female member around the . ,
male member, jaws for gripping, pulling and
?nally breaking the male member after formation
of said‘ head, means movable axially of the jaws
and substantially aligned therewith for causing 40
the latter to grip and then pull the male member, I
and means for allowing the broken male member
broken part'may remain between the jaws until ‘to pass through the jaw means, movable means
such time that another rivet is inserted. _In and first member, by its continued movement in.
either case the broken part of the male member the direction in which it was pulled.
will be moved backwardly through the stool I21, ‘ 2'. A mechanism for applying to a structure, a
rivet including a female member and ,a male
which has a central aperture to permit such move
member extending through the female member
ment, and then through a recess I5I in the mem
ber I I5 and then through openings I52 and I53 in for forming a head on the latter at one side of 50
the‘ bottom side‘of the sleeve I20 and the lower the structure, which comprises a frame, means
wall of the barrel I09. The recoil of the jaws movable in the frame for gripping, pulling and
also will overcome any tendency of the jaws to breaking the male member, and an anvil on the
frame-for applying the reactionary force of the
stick in their sockets.
,
broken the recoil of the jaws may open them and
cause the broken part to be thrown back or the
~60
provision of the small barrel I09, and hav
55 ingThe
it offset with respect to the piston rod and
pull against the female member, and having an 55
aperture for receiving the male member, said
machine, naturally facilitates riveting in corners , movable means and frame member having co
and other more-or-less inaccessible places, and
having the barrel cylindrical also facilitates rivet
ing in inaccessible places, and probably provides
operating openings for allowing the broken part
of the male member to pass therethrough' in the
direction in which it was pulled, upon comple
a most efficient shape to obtain the maximum uni-g ' tion of the riveting operation.
'70
versal use. For the purpose of enabling riveting
in very narrow and perhaps deep openings, a ta
pering attachment anvil I60 as shown by Fig. 11,v
may be provided which has a cup portion I6I
adapted to abut the anvil I3I on the barrel, and
an internally threaded cylindrical wall I02 adapt
ed‘to be‘threaded around the end of the barrel.
This attachment anvil at its outer end is about
the size of the female rivet head and has a recess
I63 for engagement with the head and an aper
- ture longitudinally thereof indicated at I64 for
receiving the male member. In a case of this
type, the male rivet member naturally would have
76 to be longer so, that it could be inserted through
'
60
3. A mechanism for applying to a structure, a
rivet comprising a female member, and a male
member extending through the female member
for forming a head on the latter at one side of 65
the structure, comprising a frame, an anvil on
the frame for abutting the. female member and
having an opening for receiving the male mem
ber, a movable member in the frame, having .an
opening in its end adjacent the anvil de?ned by 70
surfaces converging toward the anvil, and a plu
rality of jaws between such surfaces having outer
surfaces contacting .therewith, the surfaces on
the jaws and movable member being of such char
acter that they conform to one another regardless
6
2,053,717
of movement of the jaws longitudinally of the
member.
4- A mechanism for applying to a structure, a
rivet including a female member and a male mem
ber extending through the female member for
forming a head on the latter at one side of the
, structure, which comprises a frame, an anvil on
the frame for abutting the female member, and
having an aperture for receiving the male mem
ber, a movable member in the frame and having
anopeninginitsemiadiacenttheanvilde?ned
by cylindrical surfaces whose axes converge to
wardtheanviLandaphiralityofjawshaving
cylindrical surfaces, each of which contacts with
15 a cylindrical surface on the movable member, the
surface on each jaw and on the mova'blé member
cooperating therewith, being of such character
that the jaws are positively retained in contact
with the surfaces on the movable member but
arefreetomovealongsuchsurfacesinconverging
paths.
5. A mechanism for applying to a structure, a
rivet comprising a female member, and a male
member extending therethrough for forming a
head on the latter at one side of the structure,
a frame, an anvil on the frame for
abutting the female member, a movable element
in the frame having converging surfaces, and
separate jaws between said surfaces interlocked
with the element to move parallel to such surfaces,
said jaws having threads and grooves for inter
locking with threads and grooves on the male
rivet member.
6. A mechanism for applying to a structure, a
rivet comprising a female member, and a male
member extending tberethrough for forming a
head on the latter at one side of the structure,
ing spaced surfaces convel'glnaL toward the open
ing in the anvil, in which each surface in any lat
eral cross section throughout its length is of con
forming contour to any other lateral section, and
jaws between said surfaces and having outer sur
faces complementary to the surfaces of said inter
mediate member, and inner gripping surfaces for
the rivet shank.
10. A machine for setting a rivet comprising a
female member and a male member extending 10
therethrough, for forming a head at one side of a
structure to be riveted, and which is adapted to
be broken intermediate its ends while under ten
sion, after setting of the rivet, wherein the ma
chine comprises a barrel having an apertured
anvil at one end for engaging the end of the fe
male member while allowing the male member to
project therethrough, contractile jaws in the bar
rel for gripping the male member, a movable
member in the barrel for contracting the jaws
and then pulling the male member to set the rivet,
means for moving said movable member to set the
rivet and to ?nally break the male member, and
means for allowing‘ the broken end of the male
member to 'move through the jaws and barrel and
to be ejected from the latter in back of the jaws.
11. In combination, means for gripping and
pulling a rivet member away from a structure,
means for applying the reactionary force to the
structure, and means for cushioning movement
of the gripping and pulling means upon separa
tion‘ of the member with respect to the structure.
12. A mechanhm for applying to a structure,
a rivet including a female member and a male
member extending through the female member
for forming a head on the latter at one side of
comprisingaframe,ananvil ontheframefor
the structure which comprises means for gripping
and pulling the male member, means for apply
abutting the female member, a movable element
ing the reactionary force to the female member,
in the frame having converging surfaces, and
separate jaws between said surfaces interlocked
with the element to move parallel to such surfaces,
said jaws having threads and grooves for inter
locking'withthreadsandgroovesonthemale
rivet member, said threads on the jaws being in
clined to facilitate insertion of the male rivet
member tberebetwecn.
'1. Arivet setting machine comprising an outer
member, an intermediate member reciprocatory
intheoutermembenandhavinganopemngin
one end de?ned by converging surfaces, each of
whichmanycrosssectionperpendiculartoits
length has a surface contour conforming toany
othersimilarsectiontakcnalongthelengthof
the intermediate member, and jaws between said
surfaces having outer surfaces substantially com
plementary to the surfaces on the intermediate
member, so. that in movement of the jaws along
the intermediate member, they may remain in
00‘ full surface contact with said sin-faces on the
member;
and means for cushioning movement of the ?rst 40
means upon separation of the'male member with
respect to the structure.
13.‘ -A machine for setting a rivet comprising a
female member and a male member extending
therethrough for forming a head on one side of a 45
structure to be riveted, and which is adapted to be
broken intermediate its ends while under tension
after setting of the rivet, which comprises an
outer member having an apertured anvil at one
end for engaghig the end of the female member
vwhile allowing the‘ end of the male member to
project through the aperture. an intermediate
and movable member having inner converging
surfaces adjacent the anvil on the ?rst member.
jaws in the intermediate member for engaging
the end of the male member projecting through
such aperture in the anvil, said jaws having outer
surfaces angularly arranged with respect to the
axis of the movable member and engaging the
converging surfaces of the movable member, 60
means for moving the latter member for ?rst
causing gripping of the male member by the jaws
and then longitudinal movement of the latter to
move the male member, and means for allowing
the broken part of-the male member engaged by
',
jaws having
;
'
9.
outer- surfaces com
lsurf'aomz on,
member, and‘;
‘a
‘the jaws to pass rearwardly 'therethrough and
through the other members and to be ejected
therefromuponsettingoftherivetandbreaking
of tbemalememberal
, ILAmachineforsettimarivetcomprisihg
moutermembenananvilplateatoneendofthe afemalememberandamalamembere'stending
70
member-,andlhavmganopeningforarivetshank therethrough for forming aheadon onesideof
astructuretoberiveted,andwhichisadapted
andarecessfwthehadonatubularrlvet mem
~
Uwbichtheshankprojectaarecipro
- _
witiunthe'outermemberandhav
to be broken intermediate its ends while under
tensionaftersettingoftherivegcomprisinganii
I.
2,053,717
7 .
outer member having an apertured anvil at one
end for engaging the end of the female member
while allowing the end of the male member 'to
ioning the gripping means upon separation of
the pin portion.
project through the aperture, an intermediate
and movable member having inner converging
surfaces adjacent the anvil on the ?rst member,
jaws in the intermediate member for engaging
rivet pin is pulled and a portion of the pin ?nally
separated from the structure riveted, which com
19. In a. machine for setting a rivet wherein a
prises means for gripping and pulling the pin,
means for applying the reactionary force of the
the end of the male member and having outer pull to the structure riveted, means for allowing
surfaces angularly arranged with respect vto the ' the separated pin portion to move rearwardly
10 axis of the movable member and engaging the through the gripping means and a part of the 10
converging surfaces of the movable member,_' machine, and means for cushioning the gripping
means for moving the latter member for ?rst means upon breaking the pin.
' causing gripping of the male member by the jaws
and then causing a longitudinal movement of the
15 latter to move the male member, and means de
20. In a machine for setting a rivet wherein a
rivet pin is pulled and a portion of the pin ?nally
separated from the structure riveted,‘ which com 15
prises ?uid operated means for gripping and
pulling the pin, means for applying the reaction
a-ry force of the pull to the structure, and means
for resiliently resisting movement of the ?uid
pending on the recoil force on the jaws for free
ing them from the broken male member after
setting of the rivet. and upon breaking of the
male member under tension.
}
15. A machine for setting a rivet comprising a
operated means.‘
female and male member extending there
through for forminga head on one side of a
structure to be riveted, and which is adapted to
be broken intermediate its ends while under ten
vsion after the setting of the rivet, comprising an
rivet pin is pulled and a portion of the pin ?nally
separated from the structure riveted, which com- ,
prises ?uid operated means for gripping and pull
ing the pin, means for applying the reactionary 25
force of the pull to the structure, and ?uid pres~
outer member having an apertured anvil at one
end for engaging the end of the female member
while allowing the end of the male member to
project therethrough, an intermediate and mov
able member having inner converging surfaces
adjacent the anvil on the ?rst member, jaws in
the intermediate member for engaging the end
of the male member having outer surfaces angu
larly arranged with respect to the axis of the
movable member and for engaging the converg
ing surfaces of the movable member, means for
moving the latter member for ?rst causing grip
ping of the male member by the jaws and then
' a longitudinal movement of the latter to move
40 the male member, means for allowing the broken
part of the male member engaged by the jaws to
' pass rearwardly through the latter and to be
ejected therefrom upon setting of the rivet and
breaking of the male'member, and means de
45 pending upon the recoil force on the jaws for
20'
21. In a machine for setting a rivet wherein a
sure means for resiliently resisting movement of
the ?uid operated means.
,
22. A rivet setting mechanism for setting a
rivet wherein a rivet pin is pulled and a portion 30
‘of the pin is broken from the structure riveted,
which comprises jaws for gripping the pin, a
movable member for moving the jaws to pull the
pin, and means for cushioning movement of the
jawsupon breaking of the pin with respect to the 35
'
structure.
23. A rivet setting machine-or the like, com
prising an outer member, an inner tubular mem
ber reciprocatory in the outer member and hav
ing inner tapered surfaces at one end, jaws be 40
tween and operatively engaging said‘ surfaces, and
means normally urging the jaws toward the
smaller end of the'tape'red surfaces, said means
including means for applying a separate force to
each
jaw.
‘
_
I
'
freeing them from the broken‘ male member aft
er setting of the rivet and upon breaking of the
24. A rivet' setting machine or the like, com
prising an outer member, an inner tubular mem-'
male member under tension.
ber reciprocatory in the outer member and hav
‘
45
16. In a rivet setting machine, a barrel having 7 ing inner tapered surfaces at one end,‘ jaws
50 an anvil at one end for engaging one part of a between and operatively engaging said surfaces, 50
two-part rivet, jaws in the barrel for engaging
the second part of the rivet, an intermediate
movable member in the barrel for causing con
and means normally urging the jaws towardrthe
smaller end of the tapered surfaces, said means
including a member having legs for engaging the
'
traction of the jaws and movement of the last ' ends of the jaws respectively.
55 mentioned part of the rivet and breaking thereof
25. A rivet setting machine or the like, com
from the rivet connection after setting of the prising an outer member, an inner tubular mem
the rivet member to pass rearwardly through
ber reciprocatory in the outer member and having
inner tapered grooves at one end, jaws disposed
the jaws and to be ejected from the barrel.
in said grooves respectively, and means normally
rivet, and means for allowing the broken part of
60
55
urging the jaws toward the smaller end of the 60
tapered grooves,’said means including elements
ly separated from the structure riveted, which_ projecting axially into the grooves and engaging
comprises means for‘ gripping and pulling the the jaws respectively.
26. A rivet setting machine or the like, com- .
means for applying the reactionary force of
65 pin,
the pull to the structure riveted, and means for prising an outer member, an inner tubular mem
ber having inner tapered surfaces at one-end.
allowing the separated pin‘ portion to move rear
wardly through the gripping means and a part a reciprocatory member at the opposite end of the inner member and projecting thereint'o, jaws
of the machine.
_
in
the inner member and operatively engaging said
18. In a machine for setting a rivet wherein a
70
and means normally urging said jaws 70
rivet pin is pulled and a portion of the pin- ?nally surfaces,
toward the smaller end of the tapered surfaces
separated from the structure riveted, which com
and including means engaging the inwardly pro
prises means for gripping and pulling the pin, jecting portion of the‘reciprocatory member.
means for applying the reactionary force of the
27. A rivet setting machine or the like, com
75 pull to the structure riveted, and means for cush prising an outer member, an inner tubular mem~
17. In a machine for setting a rivet wherein a
rivet pin'is pulled and a portion of the pin ?nal
8
>
-
aosann
- her having inner tapered surfaces at one end,
a reciprocatory member at the opposite end of
the inner member and projecting thereinto, jaws
inthe inner member and operativeiy engaging said
0 surfaces; and means normally urging said jaws
toward the‘smaller end of the tapered surfaces
and including a spring encircling a part of the
inwardly projecting portion of the reciprocatory
member.
-
LOUIS C. HUCK.
RALPH A. MILLER.
5
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